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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, November 27, 1953, Image 1

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Prepare For
Chriet’e Coming
During Advent
Vol. Ill, No. 8
Bishop Ready Reports
Increase Of ‘B’ Films
WASHINGTON (NC) The attention of the U. S. Bish
ops was called to an increase during the past year of “morally
objectionable in part” films by both American and foreign
The report was made to the U.S. Bishops at their annual
meeting here by Bishop Michael J. Ready of Columbus, chair
man of the Committee on Motion Pictures.
Bishop Beady this year complet
ed his term on the committee and
was Succeeded on that five-mem
her body by Coadjutor Bishop Will
iam A. Scully of Albany, who was
named chairman of the committee.
Bishop Ready reported that the
Legion of Decency’s classification
B—morally objectionable in part
for all—showed a four per cent
increase over last year for domes
tic films and a 20 per cent increase
for foreign films.
Bishops of the committee ex
pressed the hope that the commer
cial success of these films would
rot act as an encouragement to
producers or theater owners for fu
ture exhibition of films of this
Condemned Film* Shown
The Bishops also noted with con
cern that many theaters, including
Grant Special
Marian Year
NC) Catholics will be given
extensive opportunities to gain
special plenary and partial in
dulgences during the coming
Marian Year, according to an
announcement here.
The announcement was in
the form of a decree issued by
the Sacred Penitentiary, one
of the three Vatican tribunals,
under the authority of His
Holiness Pope Pius XII. The
decree, published in Osserva
tore Romano, Vatican City news
paper, set forth in detail the con
ditions under which the indulgenc
es may be obtained.
A plenary indulgence may be
gained by the faithful, the decree
stated, on the opening day of the
Marian Year, December 8, 1953,
and on the closing date, December
8, 1954. Besides the always usual
conditions confession. Commun
ion and prayers for the Pope’s in
tentions—they must visit and pray
devoutly at a church built in hono*
of the Virgin Mary, or, if in mis
sion lands, in a Church or chapel
dedicated to the Mother of God,
December 8 is the Feast of the
Immaculate Conception, It was to
commemorate the centenary of the
proclamation of the Immaculate
Conception dogma by Pope Pius IX
on December 8, 1854, that Pope
Pius XII decreed the observance
of the Marian Year. It was an
nounced in the encyclical, “Ful
gens Corona” (Shining Crown), dat
ed September 8, the Feast of the
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin
A plenary indulgence, the new
decree stated, may also be gained,
on the same conditions, on Mary’s
Nativity, Sept. 8, the Feast of the
Annunciation March 25, the Feast
(Continued on Page 2)
Crippled Condition
Helps Doctor Care
For Other Victims
A 31-year-old Columbus man,
erippled by polio since 1949, smiles
at the prospect of spending the
rest of his life in a hospital.
But Richard Burk, even though
paralyzed from the waist down,
isn’t in University Hospital as a
patient. He is a doctor, dedicated to
helping afflicted people fight the
same battle he already has won.
Five days a week. Dr. Burk, with
braces on both of his legs and
crutches supporting his 175-pound
frame, drives to the hospital in a
special hand-controlled car, trans
fers himself to a wheel chair and
begins his tour of duty.
Like himself, many of the pa
tients in the Physical Medicine and
Rehabilitation Depar e n are
crippled either from arthritis,
cerebral palsy, muscular distrophy
or polio.
Dr. Burk concedes that his own
condition actually helps him in his
work- Undoubtedly patients are
given a psychological lift when they
see someone who has. to a great
extent, overcome the tremendous
handicaps produced by polio.
"I guess it’s easier to teach pa
tients to walk on crutches when
you walk on them yourself,” he
modestly explains.
Dr. Burk traces his interest in
infantile paralysis back to child
hood. As an infant, his brother,
who is now a student at Georgia
Tech, was stricken with the dis
Because of this interest and be
cause he always held physicians in
(Continued on Page 2)
some owned by large circuits, have
been exhibiting films condemned
by the Legion of Decency.
"The managements of these
theaters are reminded," the Bish
ops of the committee noted, "that
the Catholics of the United States
are pledged to remain away alto
gether from theaters which show
such films as a matter of policy.
Theaters which consider showing
of a condemned film in the fu
ture should bear in mind the po
tential loss of Catholic patronage
not only for that attraction but
also others which follow it in
the same theater."
The Bishops lauded the self-reg
ulatory process of the Motion Pic
ture Industry and reaffirmed their
approval of this instrument to pre
serve and maintain a morally
wholesome screen.
Statistics Given
Bishop Ready gave these statis
tics for films reviewed during the
past year by the Legion of Decency:
One hundred forty U.S. films, or
41.67 per cent were A-l or morally
unobjectionable for general patron
One hundred twenty-four, ap
proximately 37 per cent, were A-1I
or morally unobjectionable for
Seventy-one or slightly more
than 21 per cent, were B, morally
objectionable in part for all.
One U.S. Film Condemned
Only one U.S. film out of a total
of 336 was condemned—The Moon
Is Blue. This film was produced in
dependently and has been refused
the Production Code Seal by the
Motion Picture Association. No pic
ture with the Code Seal was con
Of the 47 foreign films reviewed
by the Legion eight, or 17 per cent,
were classified A-I.
Eighteen, or about 38 per cent,
were classified A-II.
Eighteen more were classified B.
Three were condemned.
The number of foreign films
condemned showed a decrease of
11 per cent from the preceding
year, Bishop Ready reported.
The Bishops of the Motion Pic
ture Committee also called atten
tion to the fact that classification
of a picture in an acceptable cate
gory does not imply that the source
of material from which it was made
is necessarily morally acceptable.
More Bishops Reported
Inducted Into Tito Army
VIENNA (NC). Marshal
Tito has stepped up the campaign
against the Catholic Church in
Yugoslavia by forcing the hier
archy and clergy to serve in the
Reliable reports reaching here
tell of two more Bishops and 76
priests being conscripted into re
cently activated army units. The
two prelates are Bishops Charles
Celik, Apostolic Administrator of
Banjaluka, and Francis Cekada of
Columbus Doctor Wins Battle With Polio
Forty Hours
Devotions will be held at 7.00 p.
m. Sunday and the Blessed Sac
rament will be exposed for public
veneration all that day. Monday
and Tuesday. Solemn High Masses
will be offered on Monday and
Tuesday at 8:00 a. m. and evening
devotions will be at 7:30 p. m. A
procession will close the three-day
devotion on Tuesday evening. The
Bishop will also preside at the clos
ing exercises.
Sermons will be preached at all
the exercises by two Jesuit Fathers
—Father John E. Reardon. S.J. and
Father George L. Warth. S.J. Both
are from the Chicago Province of
the Jesuit Fathers. Assisting at the
ceremonies will be the seminarians
from St. Charles Seminary and the
children of the Cathedral school.
Dr. Rchard Burk of 56 W. Lakeview Ave., Columbus, does his
work from a wheel chair in University Hospital. Here he watches
John Lichty of Kenton using parallel bars, an apparatus which polio
patients employ in re-laarning to walk. Dr. Burk is working for a
Master of Medical Science degree under a fellowship from the Na
tional Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.
rr-' 1 i rp»
Ohio Bishops attending the annual Bishops' Meeting held at
Catholic University, Washington, D. C., last week, are pictured
above. They are, left to right, Bishop Ready, chairman of the Immi
gration Board, N.C.W.C. Archbishop Edward Hoban of Cleveland
Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati, reelected chairman of the
Opens Sunday
At Cathedral
Forty Hours Devotion will begin
at St. Joseph Cathedral at 11 a. m.
Sunday, November 29, with a Sol
emn High Mass and procession.
Bishop Ready presiding. Monsig
nor Harry S. Connelly will be the
celebrant, assisted by Father James
A. Geiger, Father George A. Ful
cher, and Father Bernard J. Mc
Clory. All are members of the Ca
thedral staff.
The catholic Times
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, November 27, 1953
Drive Begins To Keep
‘Christ In Christmas’
A ‘’Keeping Christ in hr simas’’ campaign is underwax
this week throughout the ceti*. deanery sponsored by the Dio
cesan Council of Catholic Women. Plans for the drive were
outlined at a recent meeting of deanery parishes.
The campaign was initiated in answer to Bishop Ready’s
request at the recent D.C.C.W. Convention that more emphasis
be placed on the spiritual aspects
of Christmas to combat the wide
spread materialistic celebration.
Miss M. L. Hendricks, president
of the central deanery, is campaign
chairman. Her co-chairman is
William Cohan of St. John
Evangelist parish.
The many-sided campaign
emphasize above all the proper ob
Is Theme As
Teachers Meet
More than 100 superintendents
of Catholic schools left Wash
ington for their home dioceses
determined to assure recogni
tion for parochial schools “as
part and parcel of the Ameri
can scene without giving up
our philosophy and princi
Cooperation was the keynote of
the annual meeting of the Superin
tendent’s Department of the Na
tional Catholic Educational Asso
ciation cooperation with public
schools, state boards of education
and national educational groups.
Among those attending was Fr.
Bennett Applegate, Superintendent
of Schools in the Diocese of Co
The educators urged better pub
lic relations as a means to improve
understanding between parochial
and public school systems.
Bishop Matthew F. Brady of Man
chester, episcopal chairman of the
Department of Education. N. C.
W. C., told the educators to break
down prejudice with facts. He call
ed for "tact, consideration, appre
ciation of others” in educational
We are justly proitd of our
schools. Bishop Bradv said, “but
we must remember that we have
taken much from the public
schools in the improvement of our
"Learn to sympathize with the
outlook of others,” Bishop William
P? O’Connor of Madison advised the
educators at another session. He
said "a more peaceful adjustment
of relationships between Catholic
and public school administrators”
could be reached if Catholic educa
tors "try to understand the non
Catholic mind.”
"Good public relations are abso
lutely essential if we are to
maintain our right to educate,”
Father James N. Brown of San
Francisco, department president,
in an opening address,
resolution bv the sunerintend
at the meeting’s end declared
improvements in public rela-
tions must be “the concern of ev
ery diocesan superintendent.’’
Man’s Dignity, Marian Year, Legion Of Decency
Communist Persecution, Discussed By Bishops
Administrative Board, N.C.W.C. Bishop Emmet Walsh of Youngs
town, named assistant chairman of the Legal Department Bishop
George Rehring of Toledo Bishop Floyd Begin, Auxiliary Bishop of
Cleveland, and Bishop John J. Krol, Auxiliary-Chancellor of Cleve
land. One hundred seventy-nine prelates attended the three-day meet.
servance of Advent and prepara
tion in the home for the great
feast of Christmas.
An all-out effort will be made
to have every Catholic family adopt
traditional Catholic programs and
customs observed during the Ad
vent and Christmas seasons. At
the same time, literature describ
ing the true significance of these
programs and customs has been dis
tributed to parish representatives
who have been instructed
copies to every family.
to send
The literature includes
tions and histories of the
Wreath, Christmas Tree,
mas Candle, Nativity Scene and
Distribution of Gifts. In addition,
a Christmas Eve program for
home is outlined.
Others Offer Aid
Papal Plan
Seen Solution
NC)—Recent border incidents
in Palestine serve only to illus
trate that the Catholic position
advanced by the Holy See for
internationalization is the only
reasonably sure and safe solu
tion of the problem.
This contention was made by
“Osservatore Romano” in a front
page editorial which states that
the lamentable clashes there “prove
that the situation in Palestine has
not changed after five years of
armed truce. Rather there is reason
to fear that with the passage of
time it will worsen.”
The editorial repeats emphatical
ly that the Catholic position re
mains unchanged in spite of var
ious assertions to the contrary.
"More than once during these
years it has been said—and not
always with a right intention—that
the Holy See’s attitude on the Pal
estine problem had changed,” the
editorial recalls.
The falsity of these assertions is
demonstrated, says Osservatore. by
four Pontifical documents dating
from May 1948. not one of which
has changed an iota of the Holy
See’s position. The four documents
are: Auspicia Quaedam. and In
Multiplicibus, October 1948: Re
demptoris Nostric, Good Friday
1949, and the Exhortation of No
vember 10, 1949.
Other groups throughout
central deanery have offered their
aid in launching the campaign.
Members of the Diocesan C.Y.O.,
Holy Name Society, Catholic War
Veterans and St. Mary of the
Springs College met recently with
the D.C.C.W. to discuss plans and
ways and means of encouraging
other groups throughout the city
to join the campaign. Monsignor
Herman E. Mattingly, pastor of
Holy Rosary church, presided at
the meeting.
A letter has been sent to the
president of the Retail Merch
ants Association asking that more
emphasis be placed on the feast
of Christmas as a day commem
orating the Birth of Christ
through appropriate window dis
plays and displays in the stores.
The letter urged the use of the
Nativity Scene, Angels, and Ma
donnas. At the samv time, it was
recommended that explanations
of the real meaning of the Christ
mas customs be included in
newspaper advertisements pro
moting the sale of trees, advent
wreaths, cookies and other Christ
mas season items. The Associa
tion has promised to cooperate.
The campaign will be publicized
on radio when the program “Date
for Debate,” on WHKC, will be de
voted to the Council women par
ticioating in the drive. The women
will discuss Catholic Christmas Cus
toms on Wednesday, Dec. 16, at
1:30 p. m.
DCCW Resolution
The campaign is based on a reso
lution passed bv the Diocesan Coun
cil of Catholic Women which reads
as follows:
"Woman gave birth to the Son
of God on earth. Women continue
to give birth to the children of God.
To woman is entrusted the sublime
privilege and the solemn duty of
nurturing families with the spirit
of God. Today, individuals, fam
ilies and nations are engulfed by
the steadily rising and choking spir
it of secularism and materialism.
(Continued on Page 2)
The continuing threat hanging
over the Holy Places demands that
their safety be finally assured, the
newspaper said. “And new clashes
could be avoided only if the city
and its environs which we repeat
are one whole and great Holy
Place—were constituted as a ‘cor
pus separatum’ with a true and
proper international regime.”
The prayer is to be read in
Italian by the Holy Father at
special ceremonies in the Basilica
of St. Mary Major in Rome mark
ing the opening of the Marian
Year Released on the Feast of the
Presentation of the Blessed Virgin
Mary, the official English transla
tion of the prayer reads:
Enraptured by the splendor of
your heavenly beauty, and impelled
by the anxieties of the world, we
cast ourselves into your arms. O
Immaculate Mother of Jesus and
our Mother. Mary, confident of
finding in your most loving heart
appeasement of our ardent desires,
and a safe harbor from the tem
pests which beset us on every side.
Though degraded by our faults
and overwhelmed by infinite mis
ery. we admire and praise the peer
less richness of sublime gifts with
which God has filled you. above
every other mere creature, from
the first moment of your Concep
tion until the day on which, after
your Assumption into heaven. He
crowned you Queen of the Uni
O crystal Fountain of faith,
bathe our minds with the eternal
truths! O fragrant Lily of all holi
ness, captivate our hearts with
your heavenly perfume! O Con
queress of evil and death, inspire
in us a deep horror of sin which
makes the soul detestable to God
and a slave of hell!
O well-beloved of God, hear the
ardent cry which rises up from
every heart in this year dedicated
to you. Bend tenderly over our ach
ing wounds. Convert the wicked,
dry the tears of the afflicted and
oppressed, comfort the poor and
humble, quench hatreds, sweeten
harshness, safeguard the flower of
purity in youth, protect the holy
Church, make all men feel the at
traction of Christian goodness. In
your name, resounding harmoni
ously in heaven, may they recog
nize that they are brothers, and
that the nations are members of
one family, upon which may there
shine forth the sun of a universal
and sincere peace.
Receive. O Most Sweet Mother,
our humble supplications, and
above all obtain for us that, one
day. happy with you, we may re
peat before your throne that hymn
which today is sung on earth
around your altars: You are all
beautiful. O Mary! You are the
glory, you are the joy. you are
the honor of our people! Amen.
The U. S. Cardinals And Mary’s Shrine
The four Cardinals of the United States, attending the annual meeting of the U. S. Bishops in
Caldwell Hall, Catholic University, inspect the architect's sketch of the National Shrine of the
Immaculate Conception. To mark 1954 as the centenary of the promulgation of the Dogma of the
Immaclulate Conception, it is planned to begin work on the great Upper Church of the Shrine. To
raise funds for the work, the Catholic Bishops of the United States are conducting a nationwide ap*
peal, to be held in most parts of the United States on Sunday, December 6. Left to right are: Cardin
als, Mooney of Detroit, Stritch of Chicago, Spellman of New York and McIntyre of Los Angeles.
Pray to Mary
For Vocations To
Diocesan Priesthood
Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year
179 Prelates Attend
Three-Day Conference
The dignity of man. Communist persecution, morality of
motion pictures, the Legion of Decency and the Marian Year
were among the topics of resolutions approved in Washington
last week at the general meeting of Bishops of the United
Holy Father
W rites Marian
Year Prayer
Nearly 150 Bishops together with 4 Cardinals and 25
Vatican authorities made pub
lic the text of a prayer for the
Marian Year personally com
posed by His Holiness Pope
Pius XII. It makes special in
tercession for the protection of
the Church and the sanctifica
tion of her members.
Archbishops were on hand for the
three-day conference at Catholic
The general meeting of the Bish
ops was opened by the Mass tradi
tionally offered by the newest
member of the Hierarchy this
year bj Auxiliary Bishop Coleman
Carroll of Pittsburgh who was con
secrated just eight days before.
Carrying on their deliberations
under the chairmanship of His Em
inence Edvard Cardinal Mooney,
Archbishop of Detroit and senior
The complete text of fhe Bish
ops' statement on man s dignity is
carried on page ten of today's
issue of your Catholic Times.
U.S. Cardinal, the assembled Bish
ops took the following actions
Issued a sUleme.’’t reaffirming
mans dignity and deploring the
growing “depersonalization” of
man in modern society.
Denounced '‘the bitterest, the
bloodiest persecution” of the
Church in all history, in the coun-
tries “shrouded in the gloom of
Commended that part of the mo
tion picture industry which tries
to maintain high moral standards
in screen entertainment through
the Production Code.
Reaffirmed the Bishops’ confi
dence in the Legion of Decency
and urged that all the faithful re
new the Legion pledge on Sunday,
December 13. They also recom
mended that the children of ele
mentary and secondary schools
sign individual pledge cards such
as presented to adults in the
Urged each American Bishop to
join in spirit with the Holy Father
on the opening of the Marian Year
on December 8. requesting that
each Bishop have a solemn func
tion in his diocese.
Sent a message to His Holiness
Pope Pius XII pledging the “filial
loyalty” of the American Bishops.
The prelates also reelected Arch
bishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati
as chairman of the Administrative
Board of the National Catholic
Welfare Conference.
New members elected to the
board were Archbishop Francis P.
(Continued on Page 2)
Confirmation Class
All those adult converts from
the Central Deanery who have
not yet received the Sacrament
of Confirmation are asked to
contact their pastors in prepar
ation for the conferring of the
sacrament by Bishop Ready on
Gaudete Sunday, Dec. 13, in St.
Joseph Cathedral at 4 p. m.
Mission Sunday Returns In
Latest returns from the Chan
cery Office indicate the three par
ishes to lead in the recent Mis*
sion Sunday collection are Newark
St. Francis with $1220.20 Christ
the King, Columbus, with $1182.19,
and St. Joseph Cathedral with

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