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Christ'* Coming During Advent* Vol. Ill, No. 9 ?1 To the Reverend Clergy, Religious, and Faithful of the Diocese of Columbus My beloved Brethren: Official On December 8, 1854, the Sovereign Pontiff, Pope Pius IX, solemnly proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The Holy Father defined a doctrine which had been the belief of Christians throughout the ages, namely, that Mary, the Mother of Christ, had been conceived of hei own mother, Saint Ann. and born into this world free from the stain and the effects of original sin. It was shortly after that, fou years later, that Our Lady appeared miraculously at Lourdes and stated simply to the whole world, “I am the Immacu late Conception." The creation of the Virgin Mary was the consummate work of beauty by the Most Holy Trinity. “Prom the very beginning, God the Father endowed her with all that would make her worthy to bear His only Son at the momen. of His Incarnation. God the Son, eternally honoring her as His Mother, prepared her from the beginning for this holy and high dignity and the Holy Spirit, looking upon her as His most perfect sanctuary after the holy humanity of the Savior, was pleased to enrich her with the max imum of His treasures. God gathered together all that had ever been granted and distributed among the just souls and made a gift of it to the Virgin Mary at her entrance into the world.” (Father Raoul Plus, S.J., “Mary in Our Soul-Life.”) December 8, 1954. will mark the centenary of the proclamation of the Immaculate Conception. In preparation for that memorable date, Pope Pius XII, now gloriously reigning, has declared a Marian Year for the Universal Church. My dear brethren, we should eag erly accept the call of the Sovereign Pontiff to observe this Year with a true and fervent devotion to the Blessed Mother, the un failing Help of Christians, our Immaculate Queen. The special Intentions throughout the Year in all the public devotions honoring Our Lady will be for personal holiness, the safeguarding of the purity of our youth, a growth in the virtue and practice of social justice, peace among all peoples, and a fer vent intercession for our persecuted brethren in the Church of Silence behind the Iron Curtain. We should enter the Marian Year with a firm resolve to profit by its manifold spiritual blessings for ourselves, for our families, for our Diocese and for the Church throughout the world. We should not fail to take a worthy part in this great world-wide crusade of prayer, invoking on behalf of those suffer ing in the Church Persecuted the powerful help of her whom we hail as the Comforter of the Afflicted. We should pray unceasingly to our heavenly Mother for peace among all men that the dark clouds of suspicion, hatred and fear which again threaten nations with an incalculably destructive war may be dispelled under the radiance of the Sun of Justice. We should pray daily during this Year that a true and lasting recon ciliation of all classes and peoples be at length established under the aegis of the Prince of Peace and the benign influence of her whom He has given us as the universal Mother of mankind. The Marian Year will open with a solemn public novena—or triduum in those places where the longer devotie/i cannot be ob served. The novena exercises will be used to explain the occasion ano the purpose of the Marian Year and to arouse an ardent devo tion to the Blessed Mother of God in preparation for the glorious Feast of her Immaculate Conception. Visits to the churches and altars dedicated to the Blessed Virgin should become a regular part of Catholic people’s Marian devotions during this year of special grace. We specifically desig nate as places of pilgrimage in this Diocese, Saint Joseph Cathedral and the churches and chapels under the title and patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary. All the feasts of Our Lady should be celebrated with solemn ity, especially the three major Feasts of the Immaculate Concep tion on December 8th the Annunciation, March 25th and the Assumption. August 15th- The month of May will be observed as the Marian month for the youth of the Diocese and should be celebrated with special prayers, hymns and processions by which the young people may honor the Queen of Heaven. Prayers for an apt choice of a state in life should be prominent in these devotions. October is to be reserved for family devotions to the Mother of God. whereby fathers and mothers and their children, under the guidance of the Queen of the Most Holy Rosary, would invoke Mary’s intercession for themselves and their families and for all the needs of that larger family, the Holy Catholc Church, the Mystical Body of Christ. We urge the Faithful oPthe Diocese to invoke the aid of Our Blessed Lady for our own beloved country, especially for our youth in military service and for all citizens whose faith and morals are so gravely menaced by false teaching and popular lewd customs in these dangerous days. We in the United States have a particular way to show our fealty and devotion to our Queen and our Mother. It has been the prayerful hope of American Catholics to complete the glorious Shrine of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the nation’s capital. This shrine will stand forever in im perishable bronze and lasting granite as a monument of the gen erosity and love toward God’s holy Mother by her children in this country. The devoted clergy an$j laity of the Diocese of Columbus are asked to join with their brethren in the United States in respond ing to a nation wide appeal for the necessary funds to complete this work honoring our national Protectress, the Immaculate Queen of Heaven. On Sunday, December 6th, a collection will be taken at all the Masses in the churches and chapels of the Diocese for the construction of the National Shrine in Washington, D. C. I appeal to you, my beloved brethren, to consider it a privilege to make a generous contribution towards the achievement of this fil ial and enduring expression of love for our blessed Mother, Mary. Petitioning the unending blessings of God upon the devoted children of Mary in the Church of Columbus during the Marian Year, Pope’s Encyclical Inspiration For Local Radio Series The Holy Father's recent ency clical entitled. “Fulgens Corona Gloriae”, announcing the Marian Year, is the inspiration for a series of locally produced radio programs to be heard over station W.B.N.S. The program series will be en titled “Radiant Crown,” and will honor the Blessed Virgin Mary dur ing the Marian Year. The series will treat of the im pact oi the Blessed Mother in all areas of humifti life including his tory, art. music and literature, in addition to her impact on devo tions and religion. The series, to be directed and produced by Father Thomas Duf fy, professor at St. Charles Semin ary, will begin Sunday, Dec. 6, and will be heard every Sunday there after through the year. Time of the weekly program is 10:30 a The scripts will be written by Mary Martha Sliter. November 23, 1953 Devotedly in Christ, MICHAEL J. READY Bishop of Columbus Special Indulgence VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) —His Holiness Pope Pius XII has granted special indulgences to all the faithful who recite the prayer for the Marian Year composed by him. According to an announcement here, a partial indulgence of five years can be gained every time the prayer is recited devoutly with a contrite heart. A complete text of the Holy Fa ther’s Marian Year prayer was car ried in the Nov. 27 issue of The Catholic Times. -----------------u---------------- Fr. Healey Named Direetor Of Apostleship Of Prayer Father Edward F. Healey, Di ocesan Director of Lay Retreats, has been appointed director of the Apostleship of Prayer for the Di ocese of Columbus by Bishop Ready. The appointment became effec tive this week. Fr. Healey succeeds Msgr. Edward Leinheuser, chaplain i of St. Francis Hospital, Columbus. St. Colman Dedication Scheduled For Sunday The newly-enlarged and remodeled St. Colman Church, Washington, C. H., will be dedicated by Bishop Ready at 10 a. m. Sunday. Bishop Ready will bless the church and will be the celebrant at a Pontifical Mass. Assisting will be Father Richard Connelly, pastor of the 87 year-old church. The project, completed in No vember, raised the seating capaci ty Iron) 200 to 350 persons. The re modeling phase of the project in- Evening Mass To Inaugurate Marian Year Bishop Ready will celebrate a special Pontifical High Mass, in St. Joseph Cathedral Dec. 8 at 5 o’clock in the afternoon to officially open the celebration of the Marian Year throughout the Diocese of Colum bus. This will mark the first time in the history of this Diocese that the recently granted privilege of having an afternoon Mass has been used. In inaugurating the Marian Year with this special Mass he is carry ing out the wish of the Holy Fa ther who this week requested all the Ordinaries of the world to thus begin the year-long celebration in their Dioceses. Special laws have been enacted by the Holy See to permit as many people as possible to take advan tage of the opportunity of receiving Holy Communion at an afternoon Mass. The Holy See has ruled that communicants must abstain from solid food for at least three hours before going to Holy Communion. No liquor may be taken from the preceding midnight. Water may be taken any time before receiving (Continued on Page 2) eluded the installation of a new altar and new pews, both construct ed of Appalachian red oak, an al tar canopy, and a sanctuary cruci fix. The corpus on the crucifix was carved from one piece of wood by a sculptor in Pietra Sancta, Italy, a village near Rome. Bronze candlesticks and taber nacle also adorn the new altar. In addition to the church, the brick structure houses four class rooms where school children are given daily catechism instructions under the direction of the Victory Noll Sisters. The building also con tains a kitchen and provides facili ties for parish meetings. Cost of the improvement for St. Colman’s, the only Catholic church in Washington C.H., was $180,000. Funds were raised by parish sub scription. The renovation was done by George Sever, Washington C.H. Contractor, according to plans drawn up by Albert Tynan, Colum bus. architect. St. Colman church was establish ed as a mission by Father Thomas Blake, who traveled on horseback through the area In May. 1866, the cornerstone of the old church was laid. Korea Ready For Conversion Says Father Clement Faistl Father Clement Faistl relaxes at home, 555 Bulen ave., Coluni bus, following his return trip from Korea where he served as an Army Chaplain for 14 months. He is shown examining one of the many souvenirs he brought with him, a pair of brass candlesticks made from 40 millimeter artillery shells. Fr. Faistl was formerly pastor of St. Monica, New Boston, before returning to the Army. He had ser ed as chaplain with European forces during World War II. Korea, like Japan, gives great promise of conversion, to Catholi cism, a recently returned Army chaplain from the Diocese of Co lumbus declared here this week. Father Clement F. Faistl, back in the Columbus Diocese after his second three-year stint in the serv ice, declared that it is “not uncom mon to see 100 catechumens being baptized at the same time.” But conversions would be even more numerous, he added, if there were more priests. As an example, he pointed out that half of the di visions in the South Korean Army don’t have even one Catholic chap lain. Vocations, moreover, dropped off during the war because the gov ernment needed several seminaries for use as hospitals, and for other war purposes. The 41-year-old priest, who spent 14 months in war-torn Korea, said Americans can help spread the faith there in three ways. He ex plained: “Be generous in contributions to Catholic missions—and don’t for get prayers and sacrifices—there’s no substitute for these.” Father Faistl said he also w’as concerned about the “tens of thousands” of Korean children whose parents died in the war, who are growing up in orphanages be cause “nobody can adopt them.” For five months while serving with the Korean Military Advisory group, Father Faistl said he helped these orphans “in a very small way.” Collections from GI’s on Sun day were turned over to the White Lily Orphanage in Taegu, operated by the Sisters of St. Paul of tres. Char these noth- He noted that many of “very clever” children speak ing but English because they have been in the Catholic institutions since infancy, and that they wjuld thrive well in American homes. The immigration law, recently sign ed by President Eisenhower, he emphasized, makes allowance for some of these war orphans. Commenting on the poverty of the South Koreans, Father Faistl said the people were very grateful for clothes sent through tional Catholic Welfare ence. the Na Confer- clothing He cited particularly a drive in Holy Rosary Parish. Co lumbus. in which 5000 pounds of (Continued on Page 2) Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, December 4, 1953 Shrine To Honor Our Lady Will Be Built From Special Nation wide Collections This Sunday IL With the Crypt already completed, work will begin in 1954 on the superstructure of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D. C. Upon completion it will be one of the 10 greatest Churches in the world, and a most impressive monument to the Blessed Virgin, Patroness of the United States under the title of Her Immaculate Conception. An appeal for funds for the work will be held in most dioceses of the United States on Sunday, December ber 6. (NC Photos) Marian Year Recalls Pius Jubilee Encyclical On Dogma Concept Of Mary As Mediatrix Of Human Race Was Clarified The start of the Marian Year, commemorating the centen ary of the definition of the dogma of the Immaculate Concep tion, has served to recall the proclamation by Blessed Pius of a special jubilee for the 50th anniversary of that article of faith. Blessed Pius, whose canonization is expected to be one of the high points of the Marian Year, announced the jubilee celebration in the encyclical “Ad diem ilium” on February 7, 1904—just six months after he was elevated to the Chair of Peter. Incidentally, the saintly Pope’s message, which antedated any organized Catholic new's service in America by almost two decades, appeared in The Ca tholic Mind, put out by the Jesuit Fathers in New York, the very month following. It was also pub lished in the American Catholic Quarterly Review, of Philadelphia, that April. The encyclical letter, in which Pius declared that the anniver sary “should excite a singular fer vor in the souls of Christians,” is similar in many respects to the recent “Fulgens Corona Gloriae” letter of Pope Pius XII, in which the reigning Pontiff proclaimed this Marian Year. The present Holy Father made no mention of indulgences in the Encyclical itself but granted ex tensive special indulgences throughout the Marian Year through a separate decree. Pius in the Encyclical itself announ ced plenary indulgences for those making three visits to the four patriarchal basilicas in Rome, and imparted to the Bishops the power to grant indulgences for special visits to cathedrals and even parish churches. The major function of Blessed Pius' encyclical, however, was to bring to force the concept of the Blessed Mother as the Mediatrix and Co-redemptrix with her Son, of the Whole human race. “It cannot be doubted that through the Virgin, and through her more than through any other means,” Pius said, “we have a way of reaching the knowledge of Jesus Christ offered to us when it is remembered that with her alone of all others Jesus for 30 years was united, as it behooves a son to be united to his mother, in the closest ties of intimacy and domestic life .... Hence nobody ever knew Christ so profoundly as she did, and nobody can ever be more com petent as a guide and teacher of the knowledge of Christ.” Reparatrix Of Lost World The Pontiff said further that: “When the supreme hour of the Son came, beside the Cross of Jesus there stood Mary His Mother not merely occupied in contemplating the cruel spectacle, but rejoicing that her Only Son was offered for the salvation of mankind: and so entirely participating in His Pas sion that, if it had been possible, ‘she would have gladly borne all the torments that her Son under went.’ From this community of will and suffering between Christ and Mary ‘she merited to become most worthily the Reparatrix of the lost world’ and Dispensatrix of all the gifts that Our Saviour pur chased for us by His Death and by His Blood. "It cannot, of course, be denied that the dispensing of these treasures is the particular and peculiar right of Jesus Christ," the encyclical continued, "for they are the exclusive fruit of His Death, Who by His nature is the Mediator between God and man. Nevertheless, by this union in sorrow and suffering, as we (Continued on Page 2) The meaning and purpose of the Christmas season will be told by Catholic elementary students in a series of four television programs beginning Sunday. The first of the programs, sched uled at 3 p.m. over WBNS-TV, is entitled “The Marian Year.” Ten students of Holy Name School will discuss the principal doctrines and teachings of the Church regarding the Blessed Virgin Mary. The 30-minute telecast, a project! This magnificent church, whose foundation has already been com pleted, will "stand forever in im perishable bronze and lasting granite as a monument of the generosity and love toward God's Holy Mother by her children in this country," the Bishop de clared. The completion of the shrine will make it one of the ten greatest churches in the world. The foun dation upon which the shrine is to be raised, the Romanesque cript. is the largest in the world. Con struction on it was begun in 1920. The completed church has been called a “common bouquet which we as a nation offer to Man- in this year of celebration in her honor, a bouquet in stone enclosing her Son.” The late Bishop Thomas J. Sha han. the then rector of Catholic University in Washington, initiat ed the plan to erect a national shrine in the nation’s capital to honor the patron of this country, Mary Immaculate. James Cardinal Gibbons, the Archbishop of Balti more at the time, received permis sion from Pope Pius in 1914 to begin the work. It was that same year that this Pope, rumored to be canonized dur ing the Marian Y’ear, made a gen erous donation to the work, de claring that he owed so much to Mars- Immaculate that he had both the right and the duty to further, her honor before the whole world. Benedict XV Continues The successor of Pius X, Bene- Let’s Keep Record Straight In the public interest of keeping the record straight, your Catholic Tunes is reprinting in this issue (page four) a critical review of the current film “Martin Luther.” Writ ten by Father Robert J. Welch, professor of religion at the State University of Iowa. Iowa City, this review evaluates the content of the picture against a background of facts obtained from the stand ard works on Luther and his times, of both Catholic and non-Catholic authorities. Father Welch holds a graduate degree in history and is known as an authority on the Protestant Reformation. Marian Year Prosram To Launch TV Series The "Columbus Churches" television program for the next four Sundays will focus attention on Catholic teachings. The first of these half-hour programs on WBNS-TV will be presented by students of Holy Name School. Discussing the Marian Year will be, left to right, Donald Rose, Carolyn Has brook, Larry Williams, Nancy Thomas and Bernard Kenney rear, Margaret O'Leary, Richard Corrigan, Carolyn Harwick, Michael Armstrong, Ann Golden and Sister Teresa Miriam, O.P., their teacher. Public Relations Committee Diocesan Schools is design- of the of the ed to show the Church, school and home working together to interpret the holy season of Christmas. Fa ther Robert W'hite, principal of No tre Dame High School. Portsmouth, heads the committee, and Sister Ignatius Marie. S.N.D., of St. Jo seph’s Academy, Columbus, is gen eral director of the program Music will be furnished by the Pray to Mary For Vocations To Diocesan Priesthood Price Tan Cants $3.00 A Year Bishop Urges Faithful To Begin Marian Year By Aiding Great Cause The collection which will give the Catholics of the United States a special way in which to celebrate the world-wide Mar ian Year will be taken up throughout the Diocese of Columbus at the request of Bishop Ready this coming Sunday, December 6, at all the Masses in the churches and chapels of the Diocese. In his letter to the people of the Diocese outlining the Diocesan celebration of the Marian year, Bishop Ready pointed out that “we in the United States have a particular way to show our fealty and devotion to our Queen and our Mother. “It has been the prayerful hope of American Catholics,” the Bishop explained, “to complete the glor ious Shrine of the Immaculate Con ception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the nation’s capital.” diet XV, showed an equal interest in this great work and as his spec ial gift, he commissioned the Vati can mosaic workers to copy the world-famous painting of the Im maculate Conception by Murillo. Thi- project was completed the reign of the next Pontiff. Pius XI. v ho presented the finished mosaic to ’he United States Now housed in the massive cript, the huge art work will occupy a place 'Continued on Page 2) Official Episcopal Engagements Saturday, December 5th: 9:30 a. m.—Mast and Blessing, new Saint Joseph Convent, Dover Sunday, December 6th: 10:00 a. m.—Blessing of Saint Colman Church, School and Social Hall, Washington C. H. Monday, December 7th: 7:30 p. m.—Confirmation, Columbus, Saint John the Baptist Church. Tuesday, December Sth: 5:00 p. m.—Pontifical Mass, Saint Joseph Cathedral. Wednesday, December 9th: 9:00 a. m.—Mass and Visitation, Saint Joseph Cathedral. Friday, December 11th: 9:00 a. m.—Mass and Visitation, Sac red Heart Church, Columbus. Sunday, December 13th: 9:00 a. m.—Mass, Notre Dame Alum ni Club, Cathedral. Bishop preaching 10:00 a. m.—Pon tifical Mass, Golden Jubilee Celebration, Columbus, Saint Leo Parish. 4:00 p. m.—Con firmation for Converts and Adults, Saint Joseph Cathed- Saturday, December 19th: 10:00 a. m.—Ordinations, St. Charias Samirvary Chapel. Sunday, December 20th: 11:00 a. m—Pontifical Mass and Blessing of Our Lady of Peace Church. Tuesday, December 22nd: 6:00 p. m.—Convocation, Saint Char les Seminary. Friday, December 25th: Mid night Mass, Saint Joseph Ca thedral. Monday, December 28th: 9:00 a. m.—Mass, Saint Vincent Or phanage. Glee Club of St. Mary of the Springs Academy. Elementary students also will present the programs on the three Sundays to follow. Title of the “Advent Dec. 13 program is Wreaths,” presented by St. Jo seph’s Academy. Holy Rosary School will present “Christmas Eve in the Home,” Dec. 20, and St. Mary’s School students will inter pret the “Joyful Mysteries,” Dec. 27.