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Christ's Coming During Advent Vol. Ill, No. 10 a Pictured at their first meeting following the general annual meeting of U. S. Bishops in Washington are these members of the new Administrative Board of the National Catholic Welfare Confer ence. Left to right (seated), Archbishop Joseph E. Ritter of St. Louis, secretary Cardinal McIntyre of Los Angeles Cardinal Mooney of Detroit Archbishop Francis P. Keough of Baltimore, chairman of legal dept. Archbishop Karl J. Alter, of Cincinnati, chairman St. Leo Parish Marks Golden Jubilee Sunday St. Leo’s Parish, which has grown more than tenfoldince 1903, will mark its Golden anniversary Sunday with a Pontifi cal Mass celebrated by Bishop Ready. The Mass, Solemn Benediction, veneration of a relic of St. Leo. and a reception tor parish- loners are among the highlights of the two-day celebration. Bishop Ready also will give the sermon at the Mass, scheduled at 10 a.m. He will be assisted by Msgr. Francis J. Schwendeman, pastor. Msgr. Roland T. Winel and Father George Schorr, chancellor and vice chancellor of the diocese respectively, will be masters of ceremonies, and two native sons of the parish. Fathers James Kulp and Ralph Huntzinger, will serve as deacon and subdeacon. Deacons of honor will be Father Reds Callin'' Church Leaders ‘War Mongers' BERLIN (NC) The East German communist regime has once again revealed its unyielding hostility toward the Catholic and Protestant churches, accusing lead ers of both of them as “war mon gers” and “reactionaries.” The accusations were made by Walter Ulbricht. acting prime min ister of the regime, in a long ad dress before the ‘‘People’s charq. ber” (parliament). He declared that “all reactionary elements ral ly to the banner of Adenauer” and added: “The highest ecclesiastical digni taries of the Evangelical and Cath olic churches (His Eminence Josef) Cardinal Frings (Archbishop of Co logne) and Bishop (Otto) Dibelius (head of the German Evangelical church), have also encouraged and aided members of the Bonn gov ernment ‘in their responsible task, that is, their policy of arming for war.” K Speaking about the "dark forces” on the Rhine and on the Ruhr, Ul bricht accused them of attempting to drive the German people into another catastrophe. He termed communist-ruled eastern Germany a “bulwark of peace” against the “warlike intentions” of "American capitalists and their West German allies." New N.C.W.C. Administrative Board Richard H. Hoch, resident assist ant from 1942 to 1946. and Father Robert R. Schmidt, resident assist ant from 1946 to 1952. MMsic will be furnished by the Men’s and Boys' Choirs of St. Leo’s and the Xavier Glee Club. Earlier, there will be an 8:30 a.m. Jubilee Mass for children. Visiting clergy and religious will be guests at 1 p.m. dinner and at 4 p.m. Solemn Benediction will be celebrated. Veneration of the relic will follow. Climaxing the day will be a re ception at 581 S. High St., honor ing the charter members of the parish. The jubilee celebration will con clude Monday following at 9 a.m. Solemn Requiem Mass sung by Msgr. Bernard P. Vogel, retired pastor of St. Leo’s. The Mass will be offered for the late Father Charles F. Kessler, first pastor of the church, and all the deceased benefactors and parishioners. Bishop Henry Moeller (who lat er became Archbishop of Cincin nati) asked Father Kessler in June 1902 to establish a parish in Steelton, South Columbus. The following May, ground was brok en for a two-story structure at Hanford and Seventh Sts. The building, which had a chapel on the first floor, and school rooms on the second, was completed in December, 1903, at a cost of $15, 000. It became the home parish of about 75 Catholic families residing south of Deshler Ave. Other memorable dates include the first Holy Communion for a class of 25 on Sept. 4, 1904 the first Forty Hours Devotion, Nov. 6, 1904 completion of the new rectory, Nov. 12. 1904, and in stallation of a new pipe organ, Jan 5, 1905. A decade later, the temporary church had become too small for the parish, and on May 16, 1915, ground was broken for a new church, at its present site on Han ford St. Bishop James J. Hartley dedi cated the Romanesque-styled edi- (Continued on Page 2) New St. Colman Parish Dedicated Sunday Bishop Ready is shown blessing the crucifix duriing the dedication of the newly remodeled and enlarged St. Colman church in Washington C. H. last Sunday. A packed congregation attended the ceremonies of the blessings and the Pontifical Mass, celebrated by the Bishop, which followed. The new church has been enlarged and completely refurnished. Albert Tynan, Columbus architect, drew up the plans for the project and George Severs, Washington C. H., contracted the $180^00 renovation. 71 i A (standing) Msgr. Paul F. Tanner, assistant general secretary Bishop Ready, chairman, immigration dept. Archbishop John F. O'Hara, Philadelphia, treasurer Archbishop Patrick A. O'Boyle, Washington, vice-chairman of the board and chairman of the social action dept. Coadjutor Bishop Thomas K. Gorman, Dallas, chairman, press dept. Bishop J. Russell, Charleston, assistant secretary of the board, and Msgr. Howard J. Carroll, general secretary, N.C.W.C. To the Reverend Clergy, Religious, and Faithlul of the Diocese of Columbus. My beloved Brethren: Official Sunday, December 13th. has been designated by the Bishops of the United States as Legion of Decency Day. The Clergy and Faithful of the Diocese of Columbus will gladly renew their Pledge in support of decent entertainment in motion pictures. The grave importance of this promise arises from the well organized effort of unscrupulous producers and exhibitors to do away with all legal regulations designed to protect the moral quality of public amusement. Because of federal and state court decisions in the past few years the standards of decency, set up by citizens in states and municipalities to regulate the cinema, have been greatly impaired. The burden for maintaining decency in entertainment now rests squarely on the citizens. Their conscientious response to the plain duty of preserving a moral climate in public entertain ment is the remaining invincible weapon to defeat the present enemy of decency in motion pictures. In this critical situation we must emphasize the portion of the Pledge which calls on good citizens to refuse to patronize theatres which show condemned and morally objectionable films as a matter of policy. We should steadfastly refuse to give patronage to those theatres which use a fine medium of whole some entertainment to insult us and to injure our youth. The reason for our Pledge is immediately apparent. The conscientious adherence of good people to moral standards is the best way to strike a killing blow at indecency. Take the Pledge and live to it. I urge the Pastors and Sis ters to see to it that the youth in our schools are offered in struction on the meaning of the moral responsibility implicit in the Pledge and that all are given the opportunity of taking it. With my blessing. Devotedly in Christ, MICHAEL J. READY Bishop of Columbus Pledge Of rhe Legion Of Decency In the nama of tha Fathar and of tha Son and of tha Holy Ghost. Amen. I condemn indecent and immoral pictures, and those which glorify crime or criminals. I promise to do all that I can to strengthen public opinion against the production of indecent and immoral films, and to unite with all who protest against them. I acknowledge my obligations to form a right conscience about pictures that are dangerous tn my moral life. As a mem ber of the Legion of Decency, 1 pledge myself to remain away from them. I promise, further, to stay away altogether from all places of amusement which show them as a matter of policy. Th tholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, Decern bar 11, 1953 December 8. 1953 Bishop To Mark 9lh Anniversary Of Consecration The ninth anniversary of the consecration of Bishop Ready will be observed throughout the dio cese Monday. As is the custom, all priests in the diocese will say a special pray er at Mass for Bishop Ready. Par ishioners also are urged to pray for the Ordinary on this festive occasion. Bishop Ready was consecrated Dec. 14, 1944, in the Cathedral of St. Matthew, Washington. D.C., by the Most Rev. Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, Apostolic Delegate to the United States. Co-consecrators were the late Archbishop John T. McNicholas of Cincinnati and Arch bishop Edward F. Hoban of Cleve land. 1 O World’s Largest Sapphire Found MOGOK, Burma-—(NC) Thou sands of Burmans are flocking into his parish from the inaccessible surrounding jungle, reports Colum ban Father Edmund McGovern, but “not just to be near the church." The largest sapphire in the world was discovered in his parish re cently! -When cut, the stone will weigh 30,000 carats. Since it is a flawless sapphire, a type much admired by Americans, it is expected to bring $600,000 in the U.S. It Is beyond the purchasing power of any Bur man. Liberals Score Appointments In Costa Rica Hit President's Selection Of Three Catholics To Fill Cabinet Positions SAN JOSE. Costa Rica NCj— Inclusion of three prominent Cath olics in the cabinet of newly inaugurated President Jose Figue res has been criticized in extreme liberal circles known to be hostile to the Catholic Church. The Catholic cabinet members are Minister of Interior Volio San cho, Minister of the Treasury and Economy Jorge Rossi Chavarria, and Minister of Education Uladis lao Gomez Solano The first two were formerly active members of different Catholic Action organiza tions. Charges that the government’s “impartiality” had been “jeopard ized” in liberal eyes by the Catho lic appointments appeared in the daily newspaper. La Nation, which is under ultra-liberal control and threw its lull suppoit behind the defeated presidential candidate Fernando Castro Cervantes in the recent election. La Nacion, which is the mouth piece of Costa Rica's moneyed in terests, did not itself openly criti cize the appointment of three Cath olics to the cabinet, but printed an article from the leftist magazine, Tiempo, of Mexico City, which has been accused of frequently publish ing articles of clearly communist inspiration. The Tiempo article charged that Minister Volio Sancho is paving the way among the religious groups offcthe country to launch himself as a presidential candidate in the next election and is counting on “the support of Catholicism.” It was recalled here that in 1949, Minister Volio Sancho was largely responsible for the restor ation of a previously rejected clause in the new Costa Rican constitution establishing Catholi cism as the religion of the coun try. The presence of Catholic leaders in public office is not new in Costa Rica. However, threats of commun ist infiltration have led voters in recent years to throw increasing support behind candidates whose stand is clearly democratic and Catholic. Impartial observers have seen in the publication of the Tiempo ar ticle in La Nacion a clear signal to liberal groups and Freemasons, and even to leftist elements in the country, to stand opposed to poli cies of the new cabinet, especially in programs of spiritual restora tion. -------------o—------------- Step Taken To Revise U.N. Charter UNITED NATIONS. N. Y. —(NC) Recommendations of Catholic in ternational affairs experts for re vision of the United Nations char ter came a step closer to realiza tion with an action taken here by the U.N. General Assembly. The Assembly voted 54 to five to order the compilation oi informa tion needed if a special conference is held in 1956 to revise the U.N. charter. As a result of the vote the U.N. Secretary General will prepare and circulate next year a compilation of the unpublished documents of the J945 San Francisco conference, which drafted the charter. However, the step toward char ter revision was generally agreed to be a small one. Actual revis ion, it was pointed out, still fac ed these obstacles: (1) a revision conference must also be approv ed by both the General Assembly and the Security Council though the veto cannot be used on this question, and (2) to be come effective any revisions must obtain the unanimous ap proval of the five big powers, Britain, China, France, Russia and the Unitec States. It is not believed here that Russia would agree to any changes limiting her power in the U.N. Catholic experts on international affairs have repeatedly insisted that the U.N. charter must be amended if that world body is to become a really effective instru ment of permanent peace. Dr. Raymond F. McCoy, presi dent of the Catholic Association for International Peace, has noted that “the main source of the U.N.’s trouble is the big-power veto in the Security Council.” He declared that governments and people “must squarely face the idea of unlimited national sovereignty and forthrightly reject it in favor of some limitations.” Confirmation Class Ail those adult converts from the Central Deanery who have not yet received the Sacrament of Confirmation are asked to contact their pastors in prepar ation for the conferring of the sacrament by Bishop Ready on Gaudete Sunday, Dec. 13, in St. Joseph's Cathedral at 4 p. m. SOME CIRCUMSTANCES permit and even meke it perhaps appear as the better part not to impede error in order to promote a great er good." The Pope emphasized that the in- I .V Plans Inquiry Into Slave Labor UNITED NATIONS, N. Y— (NC) By a vote of 36 to 5. member nations have adopted a resolution calling for a full Unit ed Nations inquiry into the find ings of a special UN report on slave labor in the Soviet Union and three of its satellites. While the resolution taken by the General Assembly’s Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Com mittee did not mention the guilty parties, it did affirm the import ance the United Nations attached to the abolition of all forced la bor. It invited early consideration of the report as a “matter of urgen cy” by the Economic and Social Council which meets in March. 1954. and by the International La bor Organization which co-sponsor ed the report. A three-man panel, headed by Sir Ramaswami Mtidaliar of In dia. compiled the 621 page doc umentation of forced labor in Bul garia, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, and the Soviet Union. privilege. The new decree states that one votive Mass of the Im maculate Conception may be offer, ed in ail churches and oratories on all Saturdays of the Holy Year with only four sets of exceptions. A votive Mass is one other than the Mass normally specified for the day. Officials of the Congregation of Rites underscore the fact that per mission is granted for only one Mass in a church or oratory. The decree is not a blanket faculty for all priests, they point out. The privilege was granted by the Pontiff, according to the de cree, “in order that the devotion of the Christian people toward the Virgin Mother Mary may every day grow more intense and that not only private but public devotion may be shown to the most sweet Mother.” Four Exception* The four exceptions stipulated by the decree are the following: when the Saturday falls on (1) a feast rating a double of the first or second class. (2) a privileged feria. (3) a vigil or octive of the first or second class, and (4) the feastdav. vigil or octave of a feast of the Blessed Virgin. The long-standing privilege .or votive Masses permits them only on a day when the feast is below the rank of a double. The new privilege extend* to all c»turdays between December 8. 1953, and December 8, 1954. The decree also uroes that some other oious exercises in honor of the Blessed Virgin to be held on those Saturdays. Dated November 20, 1953. the decree is signed by His Eminence riemente Cardinal Micara. Pro. Prefect of thn Sacred Congregation of Rites, and Archbishop Afonso Carinci. secretary. The Rites decree was ’he third issued bv the Holv See in connec tion with the Marian Year First, a Pope Defines Norms For Religious Freedom Calls or Practical Tolerance For Various Religious Beliefs VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) The obligation to check religious errors cannot be held by Catholic communities as an ultimate norm of action in their relations with non-Catholic communities. His Holiness Pope Pius XII declared here The Pontiff laid down what he called the Church's prin ciples and practices regarding the problems of religious liberty in the growing community of nations. The first principle laid down by the Pope concerned objective truth and the obligation of individual consciences toward what is objec tively true and good. In this, he said, there can be no compromise. The second principle concerned the practical tolerance of a variety of religious beliefs and practices. The Pope chose as the occasion for his remarks on this delicate subject an audience he granted to the fifth national convention of the I mon of Italian Catholic Juri-t He received them in Consistorial Hall at the Vatican "The duty to repress religious and moral deviations," the Pope declared, "cannot be ... an ul timate norm for action. It must be subordinated to higher end more general norms, which IN dividual can never compromise his conscience when there is a ques tion of following what is objective ly true and good. But he added that it would be most difficult to discuss any regulation on objective truth and good between states es pecially in the case of a plurality of religious confessions within the community. Law is Needed Nevertheless the Pope insisted that in a grow ing community of na tions there must be some law ic gamine the rehemu- necrL of ci’i zens within various member stat es. The constitution of some states, and in other states the religious GI XX eeps On Stand At the same time the United Na tions voted 42-5 in favor of an American-backed resolution con demning atrocities by any govern ment and expressing concern at re ports of atrocities in Korea. Sergeant Matta told of reciting his Rosary daily in a Red Chinese prison camp and described how he refused to give up his beads when a guard tried to take them away from him. When the guard raised his rifle. Sergeant Matta said. “I grabbed the end of the bayonet and put it against my heart and told the guard be would have to get nd of me first before he could get the Rosary.” Pope Authorizes otive Masses On Saturdays VATICAN CITY —(NC)— His Holiness Pope Pius XII has authorized the celebration of a votive Mass of the Immaculate Conception on most Saturdays of the Marian Year. Through a decree of the Sacred Congregation of Rites published here, the Pope enlarged the general votive Mass decree of the office oi the Sacred Penitentiary listed a whole series of indulgences which can he gain ed by the faithful during the Mar ian Year. Then the Sacred Con gregation of the Sacraments issued a decree authorizing special Mass es a half hour after midnight on the opening and closing days of the Marian Year. Pray to Mary For locations To Diocesan Priesthood Price Tan Cents $3.00 A Year affiliation of the majority of their peoples, w ill make for religious dif ferences in the future community of nations, the Pope said. Some states will be Christian, others non-Christian, some religiously in different or intentionally secular states, some openly atheistic. “Religious and moral needs,” the Pope continued, “will demand for the entire community a well de fined regulation valid for the en tire territory of individual sover eign states who are members of such a community of nations.” Speculating on the possible na ture of this regulation, the Pope said it might read something like "Within its territory and for its own citizens each state will regu late religious and moral affairs by its own law. Nevertheless in the whole territory of the com munity of states the exercise of their own beliefs and religious and ethical practices will be per mited to citizens of every mem ber state insofar as these do not run contrary to the penal law* of (Continued on Page 2) Ex-POWs Tell Sordid Tale Of Red Atrocites WASHINGTON —(NC)— An American prisoner of war v.ho told a Red guanl he would have to kill him before he’d give up his Rosarv. unfolded a storv of communist atrocities in Korea before a Senate investigating committee here. Sgt. George G. Matta of Brock ton. Mass., was one of more than 20 GI’s who appeared before the committee four days of testi mony that shocked the nation and which was called "utterly spurious” by Soviet U.N. Delegate Andrei Y. Vish insky. An interpreter who watched the incident sent the guard away. Ser geant Matta said. “Then he asked me why 1 was willing to die for those beads.” "I said God died on the cross and I'm not afraid to die for Him," the sergeant replied. Sergeant Matta, who has a wife and (ive-year-old daughter, is still in the Army “in the hope of get ting another crack at the Reds,” he told the committee He is cur rently on recruiting duty in his home town. His testimony included accounts of meager rations and a 400-mile death march in which 50 men died. Among the Korean veterans who testified before the committee, many had tales of prayer and spir itual strength under the horrors of Red beatings, mass murders and torture. Two of the men reported that nothing enraged the Red guards so much “as hearing us pray.” The men who testified were un derweight and still recovering from wounds received under Red im prisonment. Some were on crutch es. Testifying servicemen agreed that the brutalities they wit nessed in Red camps were not individual cases but were the result of a planned campaign of terror. Former Coproral Roy P. Manring, Jr., reporting hov the Reds shot down his companions in groups of ten. broke down on the Senate wit ness stand. Like many other wit nesses. he escaped death by pre tending to be dead after being wounded. “The Nazis and Japanese War criminals were tried and convicted for atrocities far less bestial and calculated than those committed by the communists in Korea,” be stat ed. New Central Deanery Officers Newly elected officer* of the Central Deanery, D.C.C.W. pose for the photographer following their election at Sunday's quarterly deanery meeting held at St. Leo church. They are, left to right, front row, Miss Dorothy Harding of St. Christopher parish, cor responding secretary Miss Wilma Cassidy of St. Catharine parish, recording secretary, and Mrs. Richard Deibel of Corpus Christi par ish, treasurer. Back row, left to right, Mi** Neel Flautt of St. Aloysius parish, vice-president, and Mis* Mary Louise Hendricks of St. Mary parish, president.