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Christ's Coming During Advent Vol. Ill, No. 11 Czech Bishop Reported Arrested For Trying To Promote Marian Year VIENNA (Radio, NC) Reports reaching here from Czechoslovakia state that Bishop Karel Skoupy of Brno has been arrested by the regime for his efforts to organize Marian Year devotions in that communist-dominated country. The Bishop reportedly defied a Red warning given Church authorities Last month that they should ignore the Marian Year proclaimed by His Holiness Pope Pius XH on September 8. Bishop Skoupy is said to have expressed his determination to go ahead with plans for strengthening devotion to the Blessed Mother during the Marian Year and to have readied a pastoral for this purpose. The Red ban on Marian Year celebrations was made on the pre tense that Marian celebrations would keep the workers from the factories and endanger the count try’s five-year plan of economic development. The ban was made known in an Instruction issued by the Prague Ministry of Education. It was re ported to be the joint work of Zdenek Nejedly, education minis ter, and Alexei Cepicka, defense minister and generally regarded as the driving intellectual force in the Prague campaign against re ligion. Bishop Skoupy reportedly ignor ed I hi'- order and went ahead or ganizing local celebrations in hon or of the Blessed Virgin He was also chosen hy Czech ecclesiastics as chairman of a special commit tee for Marian Year devotions. When the regime became aware Blessing Of Crib Set At Cathedral The impressive, life-sized Christ mas crib which is placed annually on the lawn in front of the rectory at St. Joseph Cathedral will be blessed Saturday,by Msgr. Harry S Connelly, pastor of the Cathe dral. Members of the CYO will sing Christmas hymns at the 6:30 p.m. ceremony. The public is invited to watch the blessing at Cathedral Square. The article details mob beatings and attacks on Bishops making con firmation tours. It cites physical at tacks on Bishop Cyril Banic. Apos tolic Administrator of Sibenik on Auxiliary Bishop Francis Franic of Split on 80-year-old Bishop La jci Budanovic of Subotica: on Aux iliary .Bishop Joseph Pavlisic of Senj and others. This recent terror drive, the pa per says, aroused world opinion to such a peak that Yugoslav govern ment officials and Marshall Tito himself had to try to explain it away. The dictator. Osservatore contin ues, referred to the incidents as "irresponsible excesses” and said they were “tactical errors, because religion and the Church must be combatted by other means, not ably by education of youth.” The of this, a flock of secret police re portedly swooped down on the Bishop’s residence. They searched the place for 16 hours, seized the pastoral letter written by the Bishop and took the prelate away into the night. Bishop Skoupy’s place of deten tion is not known but it is presum ed that he was taken to one of the special concentrations camps for priests. (The November 8 issue of Osser vatore Romano, Vatican City dai ly, stated that Bishop Skoupy had been taken by the regime "to an unknown place." Reports from other agencies state that the Bish op's episcopal functions have been taken over by a Vicar Capitular identified as Father Kratochvil. These reports also state Father Jo seph Buchta, appointed "vicar gen eral of Judejovice" by the regime in 1950 and later installed as "vicar capitular", has resigned He reportedly has been succeeded by another pro-communist priest, Fa ther A. Titman. The rightful Ordi nary of Budejovice, Bishop Joseph Hlouch, was interned by the re gime several years ago.) It is reported that the Russian Orthodox Metropolitan Nikolai of Kru titsky urged the communist leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hun gary, Poland and eastern Germany to use force if necessary to prevent Marian Year celebrations in those countries. He is said to have im pressed this recommendation on them during his visit to the recent meeting of the World Peace Coun cil here. The Russian Metropolitan is re ported to have urged Polish com munists particularly to get rid of the popular shrine of Our Lady at Czestochowa, burning it down if necessary. lolic Campaign Tito’s Anti-Catliolic Campaign Is Described By Osservatore VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) Yugoslavia may be po litically distinct from the Soviet bloc, but in its persecution of the Church Tito’s regime differs in no way from any of the sat ellites. This is the conclusion of Osservatore Romano in its latest documentary. rhe Battle Against Catholicism in the Federated Yugo Slav Republic.” Featuring photographs of His Eminence Aloysius Cardinal Step inac and of imprisoned Bishop Pet er Cule of Mostar, as well as a group picture of 19 Yugoslav pre lates taken in 1952, the article em phasizes the campaigns of violence launched against the hierarchy last summer. If the communist authorities had issued directives to that effect eight years ago, the religious sit uation would probably not have been any better than it is today, the paper charges. However, it add ed the “spontaneous excesses” might not have such a mark of Yugoslav persecution as they are now. The paper challenges those who say that the Stepinac case is “some thing personal” between the Car dinal and Tito. “The drama of Cardinal Stepin ac is not a personal affair, as many insist,” the paper says. “It is the synthesis of a broader drama which has been assailing more than 6, 000.000 Catholics for the past six years.” The paper concludes its article by listing a summary of difficul ties and obstacles that have con fronted Yugoslav schools, the cler gy, seminaries, religious commun ities, ecclesiastical associations re sulting in the severing of Y'ugoslav schools, the clergy, seminaries, re ligious communities, ecclesiastical associations resulting in the sever ing of Yugoslav relations with the Holy See. Po| e Opens [Marian Year Hi* Holiness Pope Pius XII kneels it a prayer stool to read the prayer he composed for the opening of the Marian Year. Shown with him in the Basilica of St. Mary Major in Rome, is Mon signor Nardone, Prefect of the Vatican ceremonial staff for civil ceremonies. The Marian Year, proclaimed by Pope Pius XII mark* the centenary of the proclamation of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception. A MINK NEWSPAPER OHIO STAT COLUMBUS-10 DIVISION MUSEUM OHIO To the Reverend Clergy, Religious, and Faithful of the Diocese of Columbus. My beloved brethren: Lifts earth to heaven, stoops heav'n to earth.” As we celebrate the Birthday of the Savior in this Marian Y’ear, we are drawn with hurried and undeterred steps to the Madonna. The Mother and Child are inseparable in the work ol our Redemption. A Child was born to Mary and a Son was given to her but He was not hers alone. This gift of God was made through Mary to the whole world. Like an antiphon to the angels singing of “Gloria in excelsifi Deo”, we on earth resound in this year of grace with another song of praise and glory: “O Queen of all the virgin choir, Enthroned above the starry sky, Who with thy bosom’s milk didst feed, Thy own Creator, Lord most high.” Now two thousand years later, we are that Child we are the members of the living Body of Christ, the Church. Mary is our Mother. If we are truly Christ-like, if we are our Mother s Child, then we shall live with her in the mysteries of her life. We shall experience her joys on this Christmas Day. We look ahead when we shall suffer her sorrows on Calvary. Beyond that dread hour, however, we shall exalt in her glories which are a pledge of our eternal peace and happiness with pod in heaven. With the vision of the Madonna before us sheltering her infant Child, it should be an easy matter to see in His sweet, innocent face the reflection of those other homeless children whose eyes plead with us for help. Some of those little ones are at the Saint Ann Infant Home. Others are cared for. again by the devoted Franciscan Sisters, at Saint Vincent Orphanage. Many more have been placed by our Diocesan Welfare Bureau in foster homes. All of them in some measure depend upon us for the affection and attention which would otherwise be denied these neglected children of Mary. As in the past, all of our good zealous people in the Diocese i.re asked to make a generous offering at Holy Mass on Christmas Day to provide for the needs of the orphans and the works of charity in the Diocese of Columbus. I urge you. my beloved brethren, to look upon these children as you would upon your own. In the spirit of the great Feast we are celebrating, regard these little ones with the tenderness the Virgin Mary showered upon her Child on another Christmas morning. With the assurance thet you and your dear ones will share in the blessings and graces granted by God through the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass which I shall offer on the great Feast of Our Savior’s Birth, Ordination Of Will Be Held In The Rev. Deacon James F. Coon ey, who has been studying in Rome for the past three years, will be ordained a priest Saturday in the chapel of the new' North American College. Bishop Martin J. O’Connor, rec tor of the college, will confer the sacrament of Holy Orders. The newly-ordained priest will say his first Mass in the Greek Chapel of St. Priscilla’s Catacomb near Rome. Fr. Peter Essman of Holy Name Parish. Columbus, who is taking special studies at the Gregorianum. will be assistant priest. Fr. William O’Shaughnessy, O.P, a Columbus native, will be present at Fr. Cooney’s first Mass. When he completes his studies in the Vatican, Father Cooney will return sometime in June to St. Mary Parish in Lancaster for his first Solemn Mass. Born Sept 22, 1928 in Lancaster. Father Cooney attended the paro- Devotedly in Christ, MICHAEL J. READY Bishop of Columbus Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, December 18, 1953 Christmas Eve At Home Is TV Theme Rehearsing one of the scenes from the Christmas Eve play to be carried Sunday on WBNS-TV, are these Holy Rosary elementary school students. The children will act out the Nativity scene as their 'father' reads the Bible story of the first Christmas. Pictured above in the first row, are, left to right, Michael Overfield, first grader Eric Schumick, second grader Charles May, first grader sec ond row, Anne Sullivan, fifth grader, and Christine Sullivan, first grader. Program time is 3 p. m. Official The Universal Church has but a few short days ago launched forth upon the celebration of a Marian Year in honor of Gods holy Mother, the Blessed Virgin Mary. The Child fjoes not forget His Mother. The Son continues to revere with tender love that glorious I^dy who. “set up from eternity, and of old before the earth was made,” was destined te Hi 'THther. TXc Child adds new praise to her who brought* Him forth upon this earth in the grey dawn of the first Christ mas morning. A 17th century poet fitly describes the scene and its eternal consequences: ‘Grand little one! whose all-embracing birth Decern^r 15. 1953 antes F. Cooney Rome Saturday chial school there, graduating from St. Mary’s High School in June, 1946. In September of that year, he enrolled at St. Charles Semi nary, Columbus, and earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1950. Shortly afterward, he was sent to Rome. His parents are Mr. and Mrs. Paul Cooney of 344 E. Fifth Ave., Lancaster. o—.....— Ohioan Headb Unit WASHINGTON—(NC) Dr. Ed ward A. Smith, chairman of the University of Dayton (O.) sociology department, has been elected pres ident of the National Catholic Con ference on Family Life. Dr. Huth succeeds Mrs. John S. Reilly of New' York as head of the confer ence which is an agency of the Family Life Bureau. National Ca tholic Welfare Conference. holic Times 10 Ordinations Set Saturday At St. Charles Seven theology students at Mt. St. Mary Seminary in Norwood will be ordained as deacons Saturday by Bishop Ready in ceremonies at 10 a m. in the chapel of St. Charles Seminary here. Minor orders al»o will be conferred on three others. Assisting the Bishop will be Msgr. Paul Glenn, rector of St. Charles Seminary, who will be archpriest: and Fathers Paul O’Dea and Thomas Sabrey, professors at the seminary, who will serve as chaplains. The diaconate. the final step be fore ordination as a priest, will be conferred upon Clarence and Clem ent Durbin, both of St. Luke Par ish, Danville. Francis Miller, St. Benedict Parish. Detroit, Mich.: Ro land Torer, St. Ann Parish, Cleve land Heights: Joseph Grimes and John O’Rourke both of St. Mary Magdalene, Columbus: Robert Man ning, Holy Rosary Parish, Colum bus. Robert Lemon, of Blessed Sacra ment Parish. Quincy. Mass., who is also studying at Mt. St, Mary Semi nary in Norwood, will receive the minor orders of exorcist and aco lyte. Charles Griffin of Holy Name Parish, Columbus, and Eugene Yoris, Sacred Heart Parish. New Philadelphia, will receive the mi nor orders of porter and lector. They are students at St. Vincent Seminary. Latrobe. Pa. Official Says A To Transport WASHINGTON (NC) Army posts are specifically authorized to use government-owned and operat ed buses to transport children of Army personnel to parochial schools, a spokesman said here. The Defense Department’s stand in favor of transporting parochial school pupils was made clear after newspaper reports that the Army and White House stall members were “walking on eggs’’ in dealing with the problem. Columnist Drew Pearson report ed that Defense Department econ omy moves “plus belief that, no one religious group should benefit from the use of Federal money to the exclusion of others” had caus ed the Army to cancel bus trans portation at certain posts in prep aration for a complete end to such service in all military installations. He said the White House "stepped in” and countermanded the order. The Defense Department spokes man made it clear that free trans portation for parochial school chil dren "is no longer a matter of in terpretation,” but is specifically permitted and authorized. Quoting from a recent statement by Dr. John A. Hannah, assistant secretary of defense for manpower and personnel, the spokesman said that not only is there “no edict against such transportation’’ but there exists “a specific amend ment” which authorizes it. “The desire of the Defense De partment is to provide free trans portation for parochial school chil dren when it can be done without expenditure of large additional funds,” he said. Dr. Hannah said that stoppage of such transportation at some Ar my bases was a “local problem” resulting from economy moves. Army-supplied bus rides for pa rochial school children depend on three points, the Defense Depart ment outlined: 1) Amount of trans portation facilities at the individu al base 2) Amount of drivers avail- Ladv Of Peace Blessinjj Set For Sunday The new $80,000 Our Lady of Peace church will be blessed Sun day morning by Bishop Ready The ceremony will take place immediately pi eceding Pontifical Mass offered by Bishop Ready in the new structure at 11:00 a.m Msgr. Harold O’Donnell, assist ant chancellor ol the Columbus Diocese, and Msgr. Gilbert Sctynenk, professor at the Pon’if icaf College Josephinum, will be deacon and subdeacon to the Bishop. The St. Charles Seminary choir will sing and the minor min isters will be seminarians from St. Charles. The brick building, constructed at the rear of the school on E Dominion Blvd., will accommodate 500. Plans for the church were drawn up by Ramsey and Croce and Abbot. Architects of Columbus, and C. J. Lang Co. were the con tractors. Until the new church was completed recently, services were held in a frame army hut located on N. High-st. According to Father George Fo ley. pastor of Our Lady of Peace parish, long ranee plan'- call toi converting the new structure into a gymnasium when funds are a\ail able lor con-tiuction oi a .-eparate church building. The $80,000 for the new addition was raised through parish activi ties and collections. Our Lady of Peace parish was established January 17, 1946, and has enjoyed a rapid growth since that time. The cornerstone of the parish school laid on June 24 1951. and Bishop Ready dedicated the school the following May. The first parish rectory has been converted into a convent and the Dominican Sifters leachins at the school moved to then nev. home in August. 1951. The rec tory is now located next to the school. Greek Catholics Pledge Prayers ATHENS, Greece (Radio, NC) Catholics of Greece have sent a message to His Holiness Pope Pius XII assuring him of their prayers for the persecuted Church in Po land aqd protesting against the ar rest of His Eminence Stefan Card inal Wyszynski. “Priests and people of Athens archdiocese offer together their fervent prayers to Almighty God for the persecuted Church in Po land.” the message said. "They protest against the wicked im prisonment of the Polish Primate and beg your Apostolic Blessing.” The message was signed by Arch bishop Marios Macrionitis, S. J., of Athens. rmv Has Right v CT atholic Pupils able: 3) funds to operate the bus service. In his syndicated column. “Washington Merry-Go-R o u n ,” columnist Pearson suggested that recent court decisions dealing with the prj triple of separation oi church and state, had influenced the Army’s alleged plan to cut off transportation for parochial school children. Dr. Hannah, in an earlier state ment. said that the bus transporta tion is considered as a legitimate aid to military dependents and is therefore specifically permitted. A formal statement by Depart ment of Defense heads is expected on the current situation. s L. S. To Hold Day Of Prayer For All Persecuted Peoples Reminding American Catholics that “Peter is again chains, the Bishops pleaded: "Let there then be supplication to God end penance that His grace be poured out in superabundant measure to strengthen those who hold the place of honor and of dan ger in the new warfare launched against the Church." December 27 will mark the third annual observance of a day of prayer for the Church in chains. Both last year and the year before American Catholics gathered in churches and in their homes on the last Sunday of the year to suppli cate God for then brethren in bonds. Stories from many parts of the country told how Catholics braved bitter cold, blizzards and snow drifts to make those Sundays a nation wide demonstration of love and concern for the persecuted Catholics in communist lands. The special day of prayer this year falls on the feast of St John the Evangelist. v ho himseli -uiiei ed intensely for his faith when he was martyred by being to^cd into a cauldron of boiling oil in Rome Pope Stresses Social Needs To I N Agency VATICAN CITY (Radio. NO— One of the most delicate problems of the Food and Agricultural Or ganization is that of creating social conditions for workers which will help them exploit to the lull the resources put at their disposal. This view was expressed by His Holiness Pope Pius XII at an au dience to delegates of 69 nations attending the seventh general con ference of the UN specialized ag ency, which was held at its head quarters in Rome. "It is useless to send experts to teach workers, new methods and to improve mechanical equipment," the Pope said, "if the human con ditions in which man finds himself prevent him from deriving the fruit he has a right to expect from his efforts." The Holy Father stressed that the primary element of success in works of economic betterment is the assurance that the resultant com mon improvement will not come at the expense of individuals. He said that this social element, which is closely associated with FAO’s economic and scientific la bors. is “truly significant” and was the reason why he had personally seen fit to make a contribution to the extension of the agency’s pro gram. especially in backward coun tries. The Pontiff concluded by telling his hearers that in pursuing its ob jectives, FAO is "achieving an in tention dear to the Heart of Christ. Who consecrated Himself to the salvation of humanity.” Pontifical Mass Marks Jubilee In front of St. Leo's Church following a golden jubilee Mass Sunday are Bishop Ready, members of the clergy, altar boys and members of parish organizations. Bishop Ready celebrated the Pontifical Mass in observance of the fiftieth anniversary of the dedication of the South Side Parish. Benedic tion, veneration of a relic of St. Leo, and a parish reception were among other highlight* of th* day. The parish ha* grown from 75 to 750 families since 1903. hcfp Christ* v' in Christinas Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year To Ask Strength For Victims, Repentance For Persecutors Sunday, December 27, has been set as a day of prayer, on which Catholics throughout the U.S. will intercede for the Church’s persecuted and persecutors. On that day America's 30 million Catholics are being ask ed to flock to their churches for special services. They are asked to plead with God for strength for their millions of per secuted brethren and for light and repentance for the persecu tors. The special day of prayer is in accordance with a decision reached by the American Bishops at their recent annual meeting in Washington A joint statement adopted by the Bishops at the meeting expressed the deepest grief at “bitterest, bloodiest perse cution in history” against those who believe in God and His Christ The Bishops promised the suffer ers to “bind in prayer the wounds you suffer for justice's sake.” St. John chronicled Christ’s words predicting that His follow ers would have to suffer with Him: If they have persecuted Me. they will also persecute you.” Christ’s prophecy is born out in the record of the past twelve months’ history of persecution in every Communist dominated land throughout the world: POLAND The 1953 spotlight on persecu tion must first swing to Commun ist-ruled Poland During the night of September 25. a gang of Red police agents, carrying rifles and machine guns, invaded the residence of His Emi nence Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski in Warsaw. All members of the household were lined up against the wall at riflepoint and the Pri mates residence was ransacked and searched far into the night. In the early hours of (he morning the police gave up their search, seized the Cardinal and dragged him away. He has not been seen or heard of since, despite the regime’s claims that he has merely retired to a monastery. Just a week earlier the same re gime had dragged a jailed Bishop from its Warsaw dungeons and placed him before a military tri bunal to answer charges of “espi onage” and other “anti-state” ac tivities. Conditioned for almost two years in a Red jail. Bishop Czeslaw Kaczmarek of Kielce "confessed.”’ He was sentenced to 12 years in prison. These other savage blows were struck at the Church by the Polish Reds in 1953: —Two other Bishops and a Vicar Capitular were placed under ar rest. More than a hundred priests and several thousand leading Cath olic laymen were herded into con centration camps. —A decree was passed making every Church appointment—from parish assistant to Archbishop subject to the approval of the re gime —The last national Catholic weekly in Poland. Tygodnik Pows zechny of Cracow, was forced to suspend publication and taken over by “progressive" Catholics to be fashioned into a propaganda organ for communism. YUGOSLAVIA Next the spotlight of persecu tion must sw ing to Tito's Yugoslav ia where at least 11 Bishops and scores of priests were given the roughing-up treatment by commun ist ruffians. In what appeared to be a syste matic campaign cf terror, the Bish ops and priests were beaten, blood ied and bruised wherever and (Continued on Page 2) Bishop Onsted By China Reds HONG KONG (Radio. NC) Bishop Mario Civelli, Italian-born missionary who was turned out of his mission compound at Weihwei two years ago, has been formally expelled by the Chinese commun ists and has arrived here. Buddhist bonzes (priests) made room for the Bishop at a Buddhist pagoda when he was ousted from his residence by the Reds in 1951. The Bishops house and church were turned into a military hos pital.