BOSTON (NC) Archbishop
Richard J. Cushing of Boston tin
dement a minor surgical operation
at St. Elizabeth's Hospital in sub
urban Brighton. The 58-year-ofd
prelate is expected to be hospital
ized two or three weeks. His condi
tion was described as “very good
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Priest Reveals Soviet
Cruelty On Canal Work
VIENNA (NC) One of the most horrid chapters in
the book of Soviet slave labor has come to an end and another
begun. Nightmarish details of the former have just been re
vealed: little is known of the latter.
project in a
reasons known only to Moscow.
The “priests brigade,” a group of 210 Rumanian Catholic
priests working a.- a construction
gang on the Danube-Black Sea Ca
nal projecl, has been quietly re
moved and shipped to Odessa in
of the 50-mile
Rumania, the Krem
satellite state, was
tew months ago tor
A few of the brigade’s aged
priests wore dropped from the
slave-labor rolls and allowed to re
turn to their homes in Transyl
vania and Ranat (Rumania) with
strict orders not to carry on their
It is from these priests, dismiss
ed by the communists as of no fur-
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1177 West 5th Ave., Cor. Doton Ave. Columbus, Ohio
Phono UN. 1233 Phono UN 5477
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lher value, that the outside world
has learned something of the in
credible hardships, atrocities and
murders perpetrated during the 30
months of the project.
One cleric,, returned to a vil
lage in Transylvania, *a:d that of
the original band of 450 Ruman
ian eastern-rite Catholic priests,
215 died or were murdered since
He told of priests blown to bits
in dynamite blasting operations,
of mysterious drownings in the
Danube, of slower deaths fiofn
exhaustion or malaria or typhus.
Conditions in the prison camps, he
said, made skeletons oi the most
hardy. Rations were meager, toilet
facilities did not exist, filth was
Priests Were Targets
On occasion, he recalled, com
munist guards made sport of shoot
ing at the priests—a sort of target
practice. Many were wounded and
some killed in this brutal game.
“We had no communication
from .the outside world since Au
gust. 1950.” the aged priest said,
‘and we were completely isolated
from our fellow slave laborers.”
Often during the night, he re
lated, the camp inmates would
risk death to approach the
ed-wire enclosure to talk
priest or go to confession.
The Transylvania priest
fied the original group of priests
as predominantly Greek Uniate,
but said ten were Latin-rite priests
of German origin from the prov
ince of Banat.
While refusing to identity by
name murdered priests lor Lear of
reprisals to their families, he did
say that Father Ion Heber, former
secretary to jailed Bishop Augus
tine Pacha of Timisoara, was an
.inmate of the camp and that Fa
ther Joseph Waltner, former di
rector ot the chancellory of Timi
soara. died in the camp.
When the waterway was discon
tinued. he said, the communists
promised to restore citizenship
rights to priests who would join
the Rumanian Orthodox (schis
matic) Church. None joined, he
Iron __ ______
on their final destination or fate.
so they were herded into a
at the port of Constanta and
to Odessa, deeper behind the
Curtain. He did not comment
Max Tliev Rest
SCHNEIDER. Mary. 89. 1391 S.
Fourth St., Columbus, December
12, St. Leos Church. Survivors:
Two daughters, three sons, two
sisters, twenty grandchildren and
Mrs. Cosima. 67. 622
Ave., Columbus, Decem-
ber 9. St. John the Baptist Church.
Survivors: Six daughters, four
sons and eight grandchildren.
HYLAND. Irma Portsmouth.
December 7, Holy Redeemer
WADDELL. John J.. Millersburg.
December 11. St. Peter's Church.
Survivors: One son. lather, three
HALLORAN, Anna. 475 E. Tu
lane Rd., Columbus, December 9,
Immaculate Conception Church.
Survivors: One brother and a sis
LANG. Matilda. 78. Portsmouth
December 10. St. Mary s Church.
SELIG. Helen. 246 E. Chittenden
Ave., Columbus, December 11. Holy
Name Church. Survivors: One
hf (J/ Current Return
78 South Third Street
WASHINGTON (NC) En
rollment in U.S. colleges and uni
versifies has increased by almost
five per cent, but theological
school enrollments dropped 10.8
per cent in 1953, the U.S. Depart
ment ot Health, Education and
Enrollments in all higher educa
tional institutions have shown an
upturn for the second consecutive
year with an increase of 102.417,
the annual report said. Theological
schools opened this fall with 3.344
fewer students than last year, a
nationw ide report showed.
When it came to students at
tending individual schools, lor the
first time, higher educational insti
tutions showed a 6.5 increase, but
the theological schools opened with
17.2 per cent fewer new students
than last year.
In the report, theological schools
include accredited institutions of
all faiths which provide training
for the priesthood or ministry.
The continued enrollment rise
in colleges and universities was
explained by Commissioner of
Education S. M. Brownell as due
to educational benefits for veter
ans, the all-time peak of gradu
ates from the nation's high
schools and efforts to interest
high school students in continu
ing their education beyond the
The report offered no break
down of Catholic college or semi
daughter, one sister, three grand
children and two great-grandchil
GINSBERG, Marie. 67. 40 N. Oak
A\e., Columbus. December 9.
Aloysius Church. Survivors:
husband Thomas, one daugh
one brother and a sister.
LOEFFEL, Elizabeth, 79. 669
Gilbert St., Columbus. December
9, St. John the Evangelist Church.
Survivors: Her husband August,
one son. one daughter, five grand
children. four brothers and three
SCHUER, Mary J., Chillicothe,
December 10. St, Peter's Church.
CADDEN, Daniel A Athens, De
cember 11, St. Mary's Church,
PHALEN. Mrs. Lawrence, 120
Hudson Ave.. December 1, St.
Francis de Sales Church, Newark.
137 Descendants Survive
your dollar ''I
Mass was of
the age of 87. Mrs.
died here. Requiem
fered for her in
Church. She is survived by 137 de
scendants—four daughters, one son,
30 grandchildren. 86 great-grand
children and 16 great-great-grand
modern guest rooms-—comfortable
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628 St. Charles Street
11 1 I
Carmelites Unveil Statue Of Patroness
Father Thomas Sabrey, of St. Charles Seminary and chaplain of fhe Discalced Carmelite Sisters
of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, blesses a new statue of the Immaculate Heart just erected in front
of the Monastery at 2065 Barton Place. The ceremonies took place on the feast of the Immaculate Con
ception, Dec. 8. Pictured with Fr. Sabrey are Holy Cross Sisters from St. Catharine School who
participated. Also present were many friends of the Carmel. Following the blessing of the statue, the
group gathered in the Monastery Chapel for the closing exercises of the Solemn Novena.
KC Councils Offer
em or ia I Ser rices
MARION Memorial services
for members whose deaths occurr
ed during the past year were con
ducted at a meeting of Marion
Council. Knights of Columbus,
Conducting the services were Fa
ther William J. Spickerman. V.F.,
chaplain Robert Murphy, grand
knight: George Baron, deputy
grand knight John Werley, chan
cellor Anthony D. ’Amato, war
den Stephen Byrnes, financial
secretary Charles Dunn, recorder.
The services honored Father
John Hannahan of North Star, a
former assistant pastor at St.
Mary's, John H. Gainey, Russell C.
Shockey. Henry P. Drake. John
Hogan. John Ruffing and Frank C.
NEWARK—Council 721. Knights
of Columbus, last week held mem
orial services for lodge member*
who have died during the past
year. Those honored include Gail
Baker, William Schopen. John
McGreevey and James Rodgers.
Picked To Head
BONN. Germany (NO Bish
op Julius Doeptner ot Wuerzburg
has been named delegate for the
Fulda Bishop's Conference on pas
toral care for refugees in Germany.
He succeeds the late Monsignor
Frantz Hartz who died la*t Febru
The office dealing with the mat
ters under Bishop Doepfner's juris
diction has been transferred from
Fulda to Wuerzburg. Monsignor
Gustav Braun, exiled priest from
Breslau, will remain director of the
OUR LADY OF THk MIRAC
ULOUS MEDAL NOVENA—
Mondays St Mary Magdalene
Church, Columbus 8:30 a.m.
(Mass and services) 10 a.m., 3
p.m., 4 p.m., 5 15 p.m., 6 p.m.,
6:45 p.m., 7:30 p.m 8:15 p.m.,
ST. ANTHONY NOVENA—St.
Peter's Church Columbus—
Tuesdays, 7-30 pm
OUR MOTHER OF PEP.PETU
AL HELP NOVENA—St. Chris
topher's church Columbus—
Tuesday, 7:30 p.m
INFANT OF PFAGUE NO
VENA St. uadisiaus church,
Columbus Wedesdays, 7:30
SORROWFUL MOTHER NO
VENA—Holy Cross Church, Co
lumbus Change for Christ
mas Day and New Year's Day
only 12:00 noon. Mass and
services. Novena devotions:
12:30 p.m. 5:20 p.m. 7:30 p.m.
SACRED HEART NOVENA—
Sacred Heart Church Columbus
NOVENA St Leos church,
Columbus—Friday 7:30 p.m.
INFANT OF PRAGUE NO
VENA St. lohn the Evange
list Church Columnu* Sun
days, 7:30 p.m
INFANT OF PRAGUE NO
VENA Holy Family Church,
Columbus—Sundays 7:30 p.m.
OUR LADY OF FATIMA NO
VENA—St. Aloysius Church, Co
lumbus—Sunday* 7:45 p.m.
ST. ANTHONY NOVENA
St. Joseph church, Dover. Tues
day evenings, 7:00.
11 Scene Of
Pastors are requested to
tify the Catho'ic Times.
Box 636 Columbus when
vena services are started
resumed in order to insure
publication in ♦hi* column.)
22« N.E. 2nd Street
“Miami's Best Location
Half Block to Catholic Church
and Baytront Park
AU rooms with bath
Straw Heat Sleratar
LA PAZ. Bolivia (NC) Cat
avi. a mining town in the Bolivian
highland- was the scene of an im
pressive Eucharistic Congress pre
sided over by Arcbbi-hop Sergio
Pignedoli. Apostolic Nuncio to Bo
livia. and attended by 12.000 farm
ers. workers and miners.
A Midnight Mass preceded by a
torchlight procession, and other
open-air Masses at which 6.000 men
and women received Communion
were highlights of the Congress.
The celebration aLo featured pag
eants depicting the lives of
workers, with special stress on
role of religion.
The resolutions called for an
end to "inhuman" labor conditions,
underscored the workers’ rights to
fair wages and decent homes, and
demanded measures to foster sound
vocational training for young peo
ple. Other demands were for im
proved educational opportunities
lor the children of workers, and
for legislation to curb the dangers
of alcoholism and to conserve the
sanctity of marriage and family
Parents' Role Jx
up to the parents to stem the flood
of filthy reading that is reaching
their children, a priest asserted
Righteous indignation or legal
action isn't enough unless parents
take an interest in what their chil
dren are reading and what neigh
borhood stores are selling to them.
Father Robert F. Marrer, Steuben
ville diocesan director
tional Organization of
Listing what parents
1) Know what their children
reading and seeing.
2) Help them develop standards
by pointing out values
3) Allow children to
to see the
“They will be surprised
availability of indecent literature."
Neighborhood groups can also or
ganize committees to call on drug
store operators and ask them to re
move offensive comics, making
monthly checks to see if the deal
“There is no narrow-mindedness
in a campaign for decent litera
ture.” Father Marrer said. "If citi
zens condone moral filth, then
they, before God. shall be held re
sponsible tor the destruction of
the morals of the young.”
Paper Mark- Anniversary
GUARDA. Portugal (NC)
A Guarda. Catholic weekly of the
Guarda diocese, and oldest Catho
paper in the country, passed
fiftieth year of publication.
I nique Honor
Brother Amandus Leo, F.S.C.,
(above) Dean of the School of
Engineering at Manhattan Col
lege, Riverdale, N.Y., is the first
member of a religious order to
be elected as a Fellow of the New
York Academy of Sciences. He
and 36 other men of science
were officially installed as Fel
lows at the Academy's annual
dinner. Brother Leo is a native
of the Bronx.
Friday, Dec 18 1953 THE CATHOLIC TIMES—3
Indian Government Promises
Freedom To Foreign Missions
By E. J. Antony
Deputy Home Minister N.
(Correspondent. N.C.WC. News
NEW DELHI India—The Indian
Home Ministry has given an assur
ance that it woll not “interfere in
the internal working’ of foreign
Christian missions in this country.
Datar told the House of the Peo
ple the lower chamber of parlia
ment. that the policy of the Indi
an government is “not to inter
fere in the internal working of for
eign missionary organizations al
ready in India, so long as they act
in a peaceful and unobjectionable
A Hindu member asked wheth
er missionaries already here as
well as those coming for the first
time received instructions from
the government that they should
keep out of politics.
Home Minuter Kailas Nath Kat
ju intervened and replied: “They
know it very well.”
The home ministry's assur
ance is regarded here as veering
to the original Catholic position
that the evangelical activities of
foreign missionaries were in
keeping with the provisions of
the Indian Constitution which
gives absolute freedom to all
persons to propagate their re
ligion in India. The assurance
comes in the wake of unconfirm
ed reports that a reconsideration
of the home minister's attitude
toward foreign missionaries was
likely Mr. Katju stated last
April in the Council of States,
the upper chamber of parlia
ment, that the Indian govern
ment disapproved of the "prose
lytizing efforts" of 'oreign Chris
tian missionaries who should
confine their activities to educa
tional and social fields.
The reports said that the chang
ed policy would gi\e foreign mis
sionaries unrestricted freedom for
religious preaching while a’ the
same ’imp prohibiting 'hen, iron:
indi Iging li’w acitv
Climax of the Congress was
adoption of a series of resolutions
addressed to civil authorities, in
dustrial managements and trade
unions and underscoring the dig
nity and right* of labor.
which were alleged to have
come anti-Indian in recent month:
yous* mon. oid,
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