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■—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. Jan. 1. 1954 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus, Ohio NOTICE: Send All Change* nf Address tn P. O. Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15. Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to P. 0 Box 636, Columbus 16. Ohio Prie® The Catholic Time* ie 8 p-r year. Al) ■nhaertr’tinn, ehnuW he preeerted to our offee throufh the paitont of the t»ari«he». Remittance* «h«ule be made navab'a to The Ca*fc. elte Timer. Anar-mou, remmin "atione will he dieragarded We do net hold ourse'vee r*»pon»’ble for any *iewe o» opinion* expressed in the communication* of ew eorrer pendents Bntered a* Sneond Claw Matter at Poet Office, Columbus. Ohm. St. Francis de Sale*, Patron of th* Catholic Prma. Pray for tn This Paper Printed by Union Labor Peace For The World As the year 1953 draws to a close and the pros pect of a new twelve months labeled 1954 faces us, the fervent wish of the world is for a peaceful new year. The prayers of all God-fearing men are for the world-wide reign of the Prince of Peace. The world, at least the free world, wants peace. Peace within and among nations is the all-embraciife goal of statesmen of every country. Their conferenc es and meetings, their pacts and codes all are geared to one final objective: peace. It might be well for all men interested in this search, and it is a search in every sense of the word, to re-examine the goal, to redefine just what it is they are looking for. It is frightening, but as a mat ter of fact, most of them do not know. Many good-hearted men of today are looking for something, an evasive something, that remains just beyond their reach. They know what they want, in a confused way, and label it ‘•peace ’. But they are bound to be disappointed because their definition of peace is confused, partial and unrestrictive. Peace, in the popular concept of the word, is too widely defined, if it can be said to have any defini tion at all. To the modern world, peace is the ces sation of hostilities. It is the state ot existence in which man finds himself when not actively engaged in war. It is. according to this modern definition, freedom from agitation or mutual antagonism. Man has missed the point in accepting these things as the definition of peace. Again, man has here mistaken the effect for the cause. These things, mentioned above, are really the effects of true peace. No one of them or even all of them taken together can be said to exhaust or even tax the definition ot peace. True peace is not essentially a general thing visiting the whole or a great portion of mankind at once. It doesn't come upon the masses like rain upon the country-side, touching all. It doesn come from without, hut rather from within, I Peace, true peace, is an individual thing. Some thing that exists in John Jones or Mary Smith. It is a thing of the soul, a thing that has spiritual existence first and foremost ami only secondly has a notice able, palpable effect on the external, general world. True peace is the state of a soul existing in and by Godv grace It is that participation in God's own life by the soul of man which we know as being “in the state ot sanctifying grave To define peace as the cessation of hostilities appears as utter non sense to the man in the state ot grace, nr, tor that mailer to the man who has lo»t this stale jell a man in the state of mortal sin that the “war is over,” and he might well reply “What war?” True peace ior the world can only come with the acceptance of hrist by the world, i e.. by each individual that makes up the human family. There will be your end of war. Then will the differences that divide mankind be dissolved. Then will men see in every man a brother. I hc Follow- Through Golfers and other sporting enthusiasts tell us that nne of the most important steps toward perfec tton is developing the “follow-through.” We could go them one better and say that this is a valid prin cipie not only in sports but in many other lines of endeavor. This community can rejoice tn the efforts and their effects of the recent campaigns tn "Put Christ Rack Into Christmas There was a very noticeable increase in the quality and quantity of "Christian” decorations and other evidences of the true mean ing of Christmas. The job is not by any means finished. There still remains much to be wished for both in a posi tive and negative way. The practice could easily he extended and amplified. There are some abuses which need to he rooted out. All in all. though, a good beginning has heen made—and now. a follow-through is needed to perfect the game. While the memory of the decorations is still fresh tn our minds, while the articles in the differ ent newspapers are still remembered, while we still enjoy the recollections of inspiring broadcasts or TV shows lots follow-through and tell the people responsible that we noticed and appreciated what they did to cooperate in the drive to "Put Christ Back Into Christmas" A letter or phone call to the merchants, civic groups, paper.* or stations that added their hit to the city's Christmas observance would go a long way toward entrenching the practice and expanding it in the years to come To some of these people. “Putting Christ Rack tnto Christmas” was a novel idea. An experiment Rest assured the knowledge that their efforts did not go unnoticed or unappreciated will have a wonderous effect It takes such a little effort tn commend people. The result is all out of proportion to the energy entailed Don't put it off. Do it now. The Spirit of Christmas Past Christma* season 1953 is quickly spqpding itself Another week or so uill see the last of the Christ mas tree and its gaily colored baubles. The decora tions in the home and in the shop windows will soon come down and he packed away for another year lA»t of all the crib with the figures of Mary and Joseph and the Christ-child will be reverently taken down and put awav until Christmas 1954 with us. And so the Christmas season with its "spirit” will be gone and we will return to the normal, unfestive, hum-drum Mate that characterizes the difference between laic December and the other months of the year. And here is a great fallacy. To equate our Christmas and its effects to the relatively short period of time accorded to Christmas and its cele bration bv the world is to negate entirely or at least to lose much of the message of Christmas. Much has been written in word and song about the Christmas feeling or "spirit.’’ There is a diffe rence at Christmas. We’ve all noticed it. But to put it down to some indescribable something a« the songs do. or to the time of year or to some other equally unsatisfactory cause is to miss the poini entirely and practice the greatest self-deception. The Christmas spirit which is so noticeable dur ing this time is merely, imerely in its root sense of “truly"), th* Christian spirit it is so notice able only for the fart that it is so novel for it to be generally observed and practiced. Why can't we stop and analyze and then realize just what the Christmas spirit is? Why is it that we have to wait twelve months, or nearly twelve to “get" the Christmas spirit? And. even more to the point: Once having gotten it—whv do we let it go? The Christmas spirit is born of all good things that are associated with Christmas. It is not the Christmas holly, or the wreaths, or the tinsel or even the exchange of gifts. It is something much simpler than all these—and far less expensive. The spirit of Christmas is the spirit of love and forgiveness. It is the spirit of Christ, bom among men. It is the spirit of selflessness, of seeing an other's worth and equality as a child of God. Just to see what the Christian-Christmas spirit will do for one or two weeks out of the year should he the greatest incentive to have Christmas day every day of the year. When you take down that Christmas crib in the front room, don’t, by all means, take down the one you made for Him in your heart. Just Among Ourselves Patting Commant Considered or Inconsiderate There may be value in the apparently silly fash ion oi picturing the New Year as an infant, and the Old ear (aged fifty-two weeks) as a doddering old man with long gray whiskers. For while life and time do not run on so rapidly as all that, they do run on with extreme rapidity. And we need reminder. Maybe the Raby New Year and the Grandpa Old Year will serve to make us remember. We are all prone to forget the rapid pace of time, and to defer the labor we are to devote to the work we are born to accomplish. Retore young and old the mysterious thing called the future appears to reach out endlessly. Whether we have for the future a glowing hope, or, as is the current fashion, a groaning despair, we see it in far far stretches. The future is a long time. The horizon towards which we are rushing with more than the speed of jet-planes never seems tn draw a whit nearer. Lite refuses to fall into a narrowing, or better focused, perspective. And yet we can readily get the perspective for one another. To the young man and woman, people of fifty seem ancient and hoary folk who should be thinking of death and making ready for it. To the person of fifty, age and the need of concern about the hereafter lie somewhere heyond sixty-five. And even at that age. is rather a matter of concern over annuity than over eternity. To the man who ha« attained his threescore and ten, it appear* a true and timely saying lhal "life be gins at eighty.” Alexander Pope, in his Exsoy on Man, says, Hope springs eternal in the human breast, Man never is. but always to be blest. The poet might as truly have said that "man never M, but always to he old."’ Nobody, or, at any rate, scarcely anybody, thinks of himself as actually old. Everybody confidently expects to he old some day. --some far off day. Nobody is hilling to notice that the sands are running rapidly out. There are few things more foolishly pathetic than the mane formulas of speech that seek to cajole the dodderer into the belief that "he is as nifty as he was in 1850. This was the refrain of a «ong about forty years ago Perhaps we should advance the statement a little, and sing that the dapper gaffer thinks "be is as much alive as in 1895." The expies sions we refer to, hail the old gentleman or the old lady as “eighty ior more) years yoi/ttp" This sort of thing touches bottom in the sea of what is cheaply ridiculous. Television has brought before us a long and shaky procession of old-timers who held the public fancy, or occupied spots in the limelight, many long years ago. And. of course. these worthy people, like the old gray mare, "ain't what they used to be True, these TV appearances may mean a little needed income tor the old folks who aren't at home. This may excuse the appearances. Rut nothing can excuse the gushing of M.C.’s w ho present these antique personages with airy reference to their youth. It is right to respect age. but it is hardly re spectable in the aged to make public spectacles nf themselves. And it is anything but reverent in the TV man to butter up decrimt relics nf another day by patently false compliments. Only second childhood could tolerate this childishness. And while we wish long lUe and happy days to the Con nie Macks, and the Sophie Tuckers, and the Ted lewises, and the rest, we think that they, and their flatterers who tell them how many “years young” they are, and hnw spry they look, should be em ployed in better business than that of trying to entertain and amuse those who are less “well stricken in years.” Old Doctor Samuel Johnson was exceptional in the fact that he was aware of advancing age. In deed. the Doctor was morbid about it. which is as had at least as indulging illusions of youth. Rut, as we say, the Doctor knew hr was old, and was soon to face death. To one of these jolly fellows.— a TV Master of Ceremonies born ahead of his time. who told him how strong and rugged he was, the Doctor replied. "Ah, str, a rugged old man is a tower undermined.” And therefore it may be a good thing for all of us that the lads who do the magazine covers like to represent the New Year as a baby, and the Old Year as a bent and broken old man. The old man might well remark to the baby, in the words of Hamlet, “To this figure you must come.” And the fact that the old man has come to that figure in only 365 days points up the lesson wondrously. Rut people hate to learn lessons, in school and out. The Beginning and the End are importaant things, almost the only important things. At least they are most important. If we can focus a little more fixedly on those beginning life's journev and those near its end. we may have the good fortune to lose sight of those alien and arti ficial classifications which concern us so pester ingly,—such, for instance, as the abominably named teenagers. Maybe then even that peculiar class of beings will fall into true perspective as part of the human race that is born and that dies. Those that have their life before them, like the baby, and tho.*e u ho have most of it behind them, like the old man, are still at one in this, that they have everything waiting for them, if they will take it. The extremes of youth and age ought to suggest the meaninglessness and the futility of what lies he tween, when this is considered in terms of careers, and glamour, and good times, and beauty, and wealth, and influence, and place in the public eye. The poet is right in saying that man is always blest. Therefore he need not bother about the past. The old man's future is as eternal as the baby's. He need not look back sorrowfully, but forward with abounding hope. e And so we pick up our magazine at New Year’s, and there, inevitably, is the baby in his diaper, and the old man in his gown. We can say, “Hail broth ers! You two and all the rest of us have a job to do, and a heaven to win. Lets all be up and at it this New Year.” to Pray H'ASHIXGTON LETTER WASHINGTON There is growing apprehension over the possibility that the United States will agree to the admittance of Red China to the United Nations. That is the reason why fresh impetus has been given to the campaign to obtain a million sig natures to a petition in opposi tion to such a move. Some of the country's most prominent citizens have taken the lead this work, and several organiza tions. including veterans' groups, are active in it. It is being said here that we are drifting toward appeasement of Russia, and that the admit tance of Red China to the UN will he part of this general ten dency. Statements that have been made on behalf of the Adminis tration have not ruled out the possibility of the recognition of Red China membership in the UN, as a long-range proposition. They have indicated that, as long as we adhere to the conditions we have set down, it is not likely to occur soon. Speaking to reporters at a re cent press conference, Secretary of State Dulles said the present Administration has never said, so far as he know, that it would LOVIS F. fl I IDEM Our Secret Allies With the opening of 1954. the American mind is to be hypno tized by the resurrection of an old Soviet myth if the Kremlin has its* way. We are to be frightened into new sur e n dors to the Moscow dicta o s i by stories of the might of Sovi et power. is to be present ed as invinci ble, as easily capable of conquering the world but restraining itself because of its desire for peace. U In order that the Stahnites and their friends may chant this theme into the ears of the un wary, including certain leading figures in the United States, the New Times of November 14 sends out the word on "The Pow er of Socialism Victorious.” The “steadily increasing prosperity” of the people under the Soviet regimes, their “devotion” to the dictatorship, and the strength of the "mighty Soviet power” are presented as conditions that ac tually exist. It is fear that this propaganda is intended to create in the hearts of all lice peoples, induc ing them to believe that no na lion can stand up successfully against the economic, political, and military "might” of Mos cow. Planted in non-conimunist newspapers and suggested to non-communist statesmen here in the United States, it will in timidate us into a continuance of the feeble policies of appease merit and containment. Argu ments will be made as they have too often been made the past, that any strong stand against Soviet Russia will lead to a great frontal war. he A Marian New Year Drifting Toward Appeasement forever be opposed to recogniz ing a Red regime in China. He added at once, however, that op position would have to continue as long as the communist govern ment of China was guilty of ag gres.xion in Korea promoted ag gression in Indochina, and gen erally conducted itself in a man ner unbecoming a nation bound by the pledges of the UN Char ter. Of course day to day new re ports. and even statements by other high U.S. officials, make it clear that Red China continues to misbehave. Rut the influential U.S. News and World Report says 5n its copyrighted “Newsgram” sec tion: “You can be reasonably sure of the following in the period ahead: “Appeasement, in modified form, will be offered to Com munist Russia. “Trade barriers against Com munist countries will be lower ed. Trade, to be allowed to re vive, will give Communist coun tries many strategic products. “Agitation, to cause unrest in the Communist empire, will he checked. “Communist China, slowly hut Myths But its very assertions for this effect, the New Tunes re veals their mythological charac ter. One great piece of evidence which it produces to demonstrate the "invincibility” of the dicta torship is the Korean war. To quote what it says exactly: "The American imperialists failed to bring the freedom-loving people of Korea to their knees. With the assistance of the Chinese people's volunteers, and the sup port and sympathy of all peace lovers, the people of Korea hero ically upheld their freedom and independence.” Every claim made in this statement is pure fiction. The Korean war was lost by the United States, not through Soviet power, but through the refusal by the State Department to permit the war to be won. That was a triumph for Soviet "psychological warfare” and not for the Kremlin's military or po litical strength. The latter thought is as unreal as the claims that the United States was the aggressor in Korea and that the regular armies of Red China were "volunteers.” This tragic episode in Korea —which the New Times boast fully terms “the collapse of the American aggressors' plans”—is a reminder of our weakness in comprehending the true condi tion of affairs. If there was such a comprehension, the United States would Jong ago have em barked upon that course of lib eration for the subject peoples, which was promised by Secre tary of State John Foster Dulles but has not yet been realized. The possibility of our doing this is the cause of the new barrage of “fear propaganda” which is too readily accepted by many American agencies of opinion and by certain American leaders. That we are to be deluged with surely, will be eased into the UN.” In this same section, the mag azine also says: “Mr. Eisenhower is backing away from his stand against deals with Russia until after the Communists give an earnest show of good faith. The basis now is being laid lor 1954 talks designed to fix a price to be paid the Communists for a period of promised peace. Russia will not be required to show prior proof that her promises are any good, once they are given.” Prime Minister Churchill has revealed in London that “trade with China, recognition of the Chinese Communist government, the admission of China into the United Nations, Korean prob lems and even such awkward personalities as Syngman Rhee and Chiang Kai-Shek” were dis cussed at his Bermuda meeting with President Eisenhower and Premier l.aniel of France. He would not elaborate, however. The issue is expected to. be a real one 1954. This is a year in which a new Congress will be elected, a time when the average citizen readily has the ear of candidates for office. this sort of thing is indicated by Political Affairs for Decem ber, 1953. which takes up the theme initiated by the New Times. Ignorance It is quite obvious that the fifth column here is counting up on the widespread ignorance in what are called “informed cir cles” as to what the Communists are up to and how they actually operate. Happily there has just been issued a new book which can help to dispel this ignorance, the Achilles heel of the United States. The work to which 1 re fer is Our Secret Allies: The Peoples of Russia, by Eugen? Lyons. In its pages, carefully prepared and excellently docu mented. we have a refutation of the philosophy of fear which hangs like a nightmare over American foreign policy. Mr. Lyons demonstrates con clusively that what I wrote down in The Cry is Peace is correct: That the Soviet regime is weak economically, politically, and militarily. Its strength lies in its continued ability to mislead American thinking. Likewise, the author of this notable book on our secret al lies exposes completely the old fairy tale to which Dean Ache son fell a victim. Needless to say. this is the idea that we are dealing with an expansion of Czarist imperialism and not with something entirely different, So viet Communism. We are deal ing with “a totalitarian gang.” as Lyons puts it, which has im posed itself upon the Russian peoples and not with any expres sion of Russian national interest. If that reality is grasped, then the course of liberation will be speeded, l^et us hope that it will not be embarked upon too late. INQUIRY CORNER Will The Anti-Christ Be A Real Person? Q. A religious Protestant friend of mine referred to the anti Christ as a definite person. Do we believe in such a special person? A. There are various opinions among Catholic scholars after the anti-Christ. The Old Testa ment (mostly in Daniel) men tions such a person or being sev eral times under such names as “beast”, “dragon”, etc. A com mon opinion, based on St. John's writings (I John 2:18-22, 4-3) makes him out to be a man who will pose as a messias or another Christ before the end of the world. It is also possible that it is a general term applied to all those who oppose Christ and set themselves up as leaders in op position to Him and His teach ing Church. The same Apostle states: "For many seducers are gon a out into the world who con fessTot that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a seducer and an anti-Christ.” In any case Christians should concentrate on imitation of Christ rather than on emotional reaction to the cloudy prophecies of the world s end. Q. What is the Psalter? What is its purpose? A. The book of Psalms of the Old Testament is a collection of religious songs. It was prac tically completed by 529 B.C. and David is rightly regarded as the chief author (Biblical Com mission May 1, 1910). It was the divinely-inspired hymnal of the Old Testament and the Christian Church adopted it is the basic part of the liturgical prayer of the New Testament Church. Christ Himself quoted it often and its use in community wor ship was recommended by St. Paul and St. James (Ephesians 4:19 James 5:13). The Psalter forms the main part of the Brevi ary. all one-hundred and fifty psalms being recited the course of a week. It is used also as a source of meditation and private prayer. Q. Who was ‘‘Psichari”, to whom I found glowing refer ence in a spiritual book? A. Ernest Psichari (1883-1914) was born in Paris and died in Belgium during the First World War. He was a grandson of Re nan and while stationed in Afri ca in the Colonial Artillery re covered the faith his grandfather had renounced. He had an excel lent literary training which is in dicated in his best-known work in the form of two autobiograph ical novels representing his spir itual testament. Q. If someone offers an inaul genced prayer or action for someone else can he still gam the indulgence for himself? MONSIGNOR HIGGINS The Assembly Line Several months ago we were privileged to draw up the Amer ican itinerary of a European vis itor who is widely recognized in his own country and throughout the Continent as one of the most authonta 11 v e students of Ca tholic social teaching. When he arrived in the United States he was half way pre pared 1o con clude that the American style assembly line in mass production industries was doing more harm than good, that it was gradually but inexorably dehumanizing or depersonaliz ing the average American work er. By the time he had completed his American tour, however, he changed his mind. He went back to Europe prepared to tell his students that the assembly line, thanks to the imperfect but con tinuing efforts of industry, labor and government to keep it un der effective social control, is more of a blessing than a curse to humanity, even from the point of view of its ultimate effect on the human personality of the average worker. Our European friend is any thing but naive. He clearly rec ognizes that there is much to be said against the modern assem bly line, but he is reasonably optimistic about our ability and our willingness to keep it under adequate control. He was par ticularly impressed by the fact that American unions—thanks to their realistic tradition of prac tical collective bargaining on specific issues, as opposed to the older European tradition of over emphasizing political remedies for economic and social problems have been able fo do so much in a relatively short period ef time to safeguard the human dignity of their members as well as to promote their material welfare and prosperity. He is confident that by building on this foundation and by continu ing to develop new methods of la bor-management cooperation at every level of tiff economy, the United States will lead the way In a new system of economic life which will compare favor ably with any other system in history, including the handicraft economy of an earlier age to w hich some critics of modern in dustrialism look back so nos talgically as to the golden age of man. For example, offering Holy Communion. A. If the prayer or good work is offered for someone else we could still gain the indulgence ourselves. As a matter of fact we cannot gain an indulgence for another living person. It is only an extension of indulgences which makes it possible for in dulgenced prayers to benefit the souls in Purgatory. It would seem, however, that if we offer ed the benefit of the indulgence itself for a soul or the souls in Purgatory we would have given up our right to it. The only in dulgence recorded in connection with the Holy Eucharist, i.e. the reception of the Sacrament, is in the case of First Communion. We certainly can offer our pray ers at Communion for others and still benefit ourselves by the Sacrament and our prayers after receiving. Q. Doesn’t the Church make a mistake when it insists that par ents have children even in pov erty? A. It is a mistaken idea that people have when they say that the Church insists upon parent* having children or having large families. The Church insists up on the natural law of God and teaches the nobility of the voca tion of those who bring life into the world. It does not inquire into families nor demand an ex planation of small families. It does forbid any solution which goes contrary to God’s law. If we could save our lives only by an evil action such as lying, stealing or murder we would be restrained by the Catholic Church because we cannot do evil that good may come. The problem of poverty and a fam ily does not permit a solution which has been forbidden by God from the Old Testament days (Genesis 38:8-10) down through Christian tradition. In sofar as poverty is an evil it should be eliminated, but immor al practices which corrupt Chris tian marriage itself cannot be advanced as a solution. It is pov erty which should be eliminated, not people. Q. Who was St. Dorothy? A. There are several saints of that name. The most famous was a virgin and martyr in the fourth century who was beheaded at Caesarea in Cappadocia. This was during the last great perse cution under Diocletian. She con vened to the faith the people who were sent to prison to per suade her to renounce it. Her feast day is February 6th. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey. The Inquiry Comer, The Catholic Times, Box 636. Columbus (16) Ohio. Pessimistic Contrast In marked contrast to tha guarded and realistic optimism of our European friend is tha acid-like pessimism of a young Australian author Niall Bren nan, in his recent book, “The Making of a Moron” (Sheed and Ward, New York, $2.50). This au thor caustically develops tha black-and-white thesis that “tha making of morons by big indus try means that the time is com ing, if it has not already arrived, when of any two men seeking the same employment, the one with the lesser intelligence will he preferred to the one with the greater.” But Mr. Brennan would have strengthened his argument in stating the more pessimistic side of the question if he had made a greater effort to avoid the fall acy of Oversimplification. To say, for example, that “the apostles certainly did not have a filing cabinet between them,” is com pletely irrelevant to the serious question at hand. To add that no other important man in history ever had a filing-cabinet is noth ing less than gibberish. To say that higher education is a “dis advantage” and to add very cas ually that “there is not much doubt now that the world was much better off when men could not read” is an outmoded kind of snobbery. An Insult To attach some sort of mystical importance to the fact that Christ chose to be a carpenter (rather than a farmer for exam ple, or a cobbler) and to attempt to draw conclusions therefrom in the field of sociology is to take outlandish liberties with the sacred science of theology. And, finally, to leave the impression by a series of three or four dog matic generalizations that the philosophy of the modern trade union movement is completely materialistic is an insult to a host of dedicated men and wom en who have done and are doing more to humanize modern in dustry than Mr. Brennan and I and all the other so-called “intel lectual” students of the subject can ever hope to do. The problem to which Mr. Brennan has addressed himself is admittedly very serious, but his breezy approach to the prob lem is less than satisfactory. He is more of a litterateur than a scientific sociologist. He has a better eye for black and white than for the intermediate shades of grey which count for so much in the tedious calculations of tha social scientist.