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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, January 01, 1954, Image 4

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■—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. Jan. 1. 1954
THE
CATHOLIC TIMES
Published Every Week by
The Catholic Times, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio
NOTICE: Send All Change* nf Address tn
P. O. Box 636 Columbus. Ohio
Executive and Editorial Offices:
246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15. Ohio
Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196
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to P. 0 Box 636, Columbus 16. Ohio
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elte Timer.
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We do net hold ourse'vee r*»pon»’ble for any *iewe
o» opinion* expressed in the communication* of ew
eorrer pendents
Bntered a* Sneond Claw Matter at Poet Office,
Columbus. Ohm.
St. Francis de Sale*, Patron of th* Catholic Prma.
Pray for tn
This Paper Printed by Union Labor
Peace For The World
As the year 1953 draws to a close and the pros
pect of a new twelve months labeled 1954 faces us,
the fervent wish of the world is for a peaceful new
year. The prayers of all God-fearing men are for the
world-wide reign of the Prince of Peace.
The world, at least the free world, wants peace.
Peace within and among nations is the all-embraciife
goal of statesmen of every country. Their conferenc
es and meetings, their pacts and codes all are geared
to one final objective: peace.
It might be well for all men interested in this
search, and it is a search in every sense of the word,
to re-examine the goal, to redefine just what it is
they are looking for. It is frightening, but as a mat
ter of fact, most of them do not know.
Many good-hearted men of today are looking for
something, an evasive something, that remains just
beyond their reach. They know what they want, in
a confused way, and label it ‘•peace ’. But they are
bound to be disappointed because their definition of
peace is confused, partial and unrestrictive.
Peace, in the popular concept of the word, is too
widely defined, if it can be said to have any defini
tion at all. To the modern world, peace is the ces
sation of hostilities. It is the state ot existence in
which man finds himself when not actively engaged
in war. It is. according to this modern definition,
freedom from agitation or mutual antagonism.
Man has missed the point in accepting these
things as the definition of peace. Again, man has
here mistaken the effect for the cause. These things,
mentioned above, are really the effects of true
peace. No one of them or even all of them taken
together can be said to exhaust or even tax the
definition ot peace.
True peace is not essentially a general thing
visiting the whole or a great portion of mankind at
once. It doesn't come upon the masses like rain
upon the country-side, touching all. It doesn come
from without, hut rather from within, I
Peace, true peace, is an individual thing. Some
thing that exists in John Jones or Mary Smith. It is a
thing of the soul, a thing that has spiritual existence
first and foremost ami only secondly has a notice
able, palpable effect on the external, general world.
True peace is the state of a soul existing in and
by Godv grace It is that participation in God's own
life by the soul of man which we know as being “in
the state ot sanctifying grave To define peace as
the cessation of hostilities appears as utter non
sense to the man in the state ot grace, nr, tor that
mailer to the man who has lo»t this stale jell a
man in the state of mortal sin that the “war is over,”
and he might well reply “What war?”
True peace ior the world can only come with
the acceptance of hrist by the world, i e.. by each
individual that makes up the human family. There
will be your end of war. Then will the differences
that divide mankind be dissolved. Then will men
see in every man a brother.
I hc Follow- Through
Golfers and other sporting enthusiasts tell us
that nne of the most important steps toward perfec
tton is developing the “follow-through.” We could
go them one better and say that this is a valid prin
cipie not only in sports but in many other lines of
endeavor.
This community can rejoice tn the efforts and
their effects of the recent campaigns tn "Put Christ
Rack Into Christmas There was a very noticeable
increase in the quality and quantity of "Christian”
decorations and other evidences of the true mean
ing of Christmas.
The job is not by any means finished. There
still remains much to be wished for both in a posi
tive and negative way. The practice could easily he
extended and amplified. There are some abuses
which need to he rooted out.
All in all. though, a good beginning has heen
made—and now. a follow-through is needed to
perfect the game.
While the memory of the decorations is still
fresh tn our minds, while the articles in the differ
ent newspapers are still remembered, while we
still enjoy the recollections of inspiring broadcasts
or TV shows lots follow-through and tell the
people responsible that we noticed and appreciated
what they did to cooperate in the drive to "Put
Christ Back Into Christmas"
A letter or phone call to the merchants, civic
groups, paper.* or stations that added their hit to
the city's Christmas observance would go a long
way toward entrenching the practice and expanding
it in the years to come
To some of these people. “Putting Christ Rack
tnto Christmas” was a novel idea. An experiment
Rest assured the knowledge that their efforts did
not go unnoticed or unappreciated will have a
wonderous effect
It takes such a little effort tn commend people.
The result is all out of proportion to the energy
entailed Don't put it off. Do it now.
The Spirit of Christmas Past
Christma* season 1953 is quickly spqpding itself
Another week or so uill see the last of the Christ
mas tree and its gaily colored baubles. The decora
tions in the home and in the shop windows will soon
come down and he packed away for another year
lA»t of all the crib with the figures of Mary and
Joseph and the Christ-child will be reverently taken
down and put awav until Christmas 1954 with us.
And so the Christmas season with its "spirit”
will be gone and we will return to the normal,
unfestive, hum-drum Mate that characterizes the
difference between laic December and the other
months of the year.
And here is a great fallacy. To equate our
Christmas and its effects to the relatively short
period of time accorded to Christmas and its cele
bration bv the world is to negate entirely or at
least to lose much of the message of Christmas.
Much has been written in word and song about
the Christmas feeling or "spirit.’’ There is a diffe
rence at Christmas. We’ve all noticed it. But to
put it down to some indescribable something a«
the songs do. or to the time of year or to some other
equally unsatisfactory cause is to miss the poini
entirely and practice the greatest self-deception.
The Christmas spirit which is so noticeable dur
ing this time is merely, imerely in its root sense
of “truly"), th* Christian spirit it is so notice
able only for the fart that it is so novel for it to
be generally observed and practiced.
Why can't we stop and analyze and then realize
just what the Christmas spirit is? Why is it that
we have to wait twelve months, or nearly twelve
to “get" the Christmas spirit? And. even more to
the point: Once having gotten it—whv do we let
it go?
The Christmas spirit is born of all good things
that are associated with Christmas. It is not the
Christmas holly, or the wreaths, or the tinsel or
even the exchange of gifts. It is something much
simpler than all these—and far less expensive.
The spirit of Christmas is the spirit of love and
forgiveness. It is the spirit of Christ, bom among
men. It is the spirit of selflessness, of seeing an
other's worth and equality as a child of God.
Just to see what the Christian-Christmas spirit
will do for one or two weeks out of the year should
he the greatest incentive to have Christmas day
every day of the year.
When you take down that Christmas crib in
the front room, don’t, by all means, take down the
one you made for Him in your heart.
Just Among Ourselves
Patting Commant Considered or Inconsiderate
There may be value in the apparently silly fash
ion oi picturing the New Year as an infant, and
the Old ear (aged fifty-two weeks) as a doddering
old man with long gray whiskers. For while life
and time do not run on so rapidly as all that, they
do run on with extreme rapidity. And we need
reminder. Maybe the Raby New Year and the
Grandpa Old Year will serve to make us remember.
We are all prone to forget the rapid pace of time,
and to defer the labor we are to devote to the
work we are born to accomplish.
Retore young and old the mysterious thing called
the future appears to reach out endlessly. Whether
we have for the future a glowing hope, or, as is
the current fashion, a groaning despair, we see it in
far far stretches. The future is a long time. The
horizon towards which we are rushing with more
than the speed of jet-planes never seems tn draw
a whit nearer. Lite refuses to fall into a narrowing,
or better focused, perspective.
And yet we can readily get the perspective for
one another. To the young man and woman, people
of fifty seem ancient and hoary folk who should be
thinking of death and making ready for it. To the
person of fifty, age and the need of concern about
the hereafter lie somewhere heyond sixty-five.
And even at that age. is rather a matter of
concern over annuity than over eternity. To
the man who ha« attained his threescore and ten,
it appear* a true and timely saying lhal "life be
gins at eighty.”
Alexander Pope, in his Exsoy on Man, says,
Hope springs eternal in the human breast,
Man never is. but always to be blest.
The poet might as truly have said that "man never
M, but always to he old."’ Nobody, or, at any rate,
scarcely anybody, thinks of himself as actually old.
Everybody confidently expects to he old some day.
--some far off day. Nobody is hilling to notice that
the sands are running rapidly out.
There are few things more foolishly pathetic than
the mane formulas of speech that seek to cajole
the dodderer into the belief that "he is as nifty as
he was in 1850. This was the refrain of a «ong about
forty years ago Perhaps we should advance the
statement a little, and sing that the dapper gaffer
thinks "be is as much alive as in 1895." The expies
sions we refer to, hail the old gentleman or the
old lady as “eighty ior more) years yoi/ttp" This
sort of thing touches bottom in the sea of what is
cheaply ridiculous.
Television has brought before us a long and
shaky procession of old-timers who held the public
fancy, or occupied spots in the limelight, many long
years ago. And. of course. these worthy people,
like the old gray mare, "ain't what they used to be
True, these TV appearances may mean a little
needed income tor the old folks who aren't at home.
This may excuse the appearances. Rut nothing can
excuse the gushing of M.C.’s w ho present these antique
personages with airy reference to their youth.
It is right to respect age. but it is hardly re
spectable in the aged to make public spectacles
nf themselves. And it is anything but reverent in
the TV man to butter up decrimt relics nf another
day by patently false compliments. Only second
childhood could tolerate this childishness. And
while we wish long lUe and happy days to the Con
nie Macks, and the Sophie Tuckers, and the Ted
lewises, and the rest, we think that they, and their
flatterers who tell them how many “years young”
they are, and hnw spry they look, should be em
ployed in better business than that of trying to
entertain and amuse those who are less “well
stricken in years.”
Old Doctor Samuel Johnson was exceptional in
the fact that he was aware of advancing age. In
deed. the Doctor was morbid about it. which is as
had at least as indulging illusions of youth. Rut,
as we say, the Doctor knew hr was old, and was
soon to face death. To one of these jolly fellows.—
a TV Master of Ceremonies born ahead of his time.
who told him how strong and rugged he was, the
Doctor replied. "Ah, str, a rugged old man is a
tower undermined.”
And therefore it may be a good thing for all of
us that the lads who do the magazine covers like to
represent the New Year as a baby, and the Old Year
as a bent and broken old man. The old man might
well remark to the baby, in the words of Hamlet,
“To this figure you must come.” And the fact that
the old man has come to that figure in only 365
days points up the lesson wondrously. Rut people
hate to learn lessons, in school and out.
The Beginning and the End are importaant
things, almost the only important things.
At least they are most important. If we can
focus a little more fixedly on those beginning life's
journev and those near its end. we may have the
good fortune to lose sight of those alien and arti
ficial classifications which concern us so pester
ingly,—such, for instance, as the abominably named
teenagers. Maybe then even that peculiar class of
beings will fall into true perspective as part of the
human race that is born and that dies.
Those that have their life before them, like the
baby, and tho.*e u ho have most of it behind them,
like the old man, are still at one in this, that they
have everything waiting for them, if they will take
it. The extremes of youth and age ought to suggest
the meaninglessness and the futility of what lies he
tween, when this is considered in terms of careers,
and glamour, and good times, and beauty, and
wealth, and influence, and place in the public eye.
The poet is right in saying that man is always
blest. Therefore he need not bother about the past.
The old man's future is as eternal as the baby's. He
need not look back sorrowfully, but forward with
abounding hope.
e
And so we pick up our magazine at New Year’s,
and there, inevitably, is the baby in his diaper, and
the old man in his gown. We can say, “Hail broth
ers! You two and all the rest of us have a job to do,
and a heaven to win. Lets all be up and at it this
New Year.”
to
Pray
H'ASHIXGTON LETTER
WASHINGTON There is
growing apprehension over the
possibility that the United States
will agree to the admittance of
Red China to the United Nations.
That is the reason why fresh
impetus has been given to the
campaign to obtain a million sig
natures to a petition in opposi
tion to such a move. Some of
the country's most prominent
citizens have taken the lead
this work, and several organiza
tions. including veterans' groups,
are active in it.
It is being said here that we
are drifting toward appeasement
of Russia, and that the admit
tance of Red China to the UN
will he part of this general ten
dency.
Statements that have been
made on behalf of the Adminis
tration have not ruled out the
possibility of the recognition of
Red China membership in the
UN, as a long-range proposition.
They have indicated that, as long
as we adhere to the conditions
we have set down, it is not likely
to occur soon.
Speaking to reporters at a re
cent press conference, Secretary
of State Dulles said the present
Administration has never said,
so far as he know, that it would
LOVIS F. fl I IDEM
Our Secret Allies
With the opening of 1954. the
American mind is to be hypno
tized by the resurrection of an
old Soviet myth if the Kremlin
has its* way.
We are to be
frightened into
new sur e n
dors to the
Moscow dicta
o s i by
stories of the
might of Sovi
et power. is
to be present
ed as invinci
ble, as easily
capable of conquering the world
but restraining itself because of
its desire for peace.
U
In order that the Stahnites
and their friends may chant this
theme into the ears of the un
wary, including certain leading
figures in the United States, the
New Times of November 14
sends out the word on "The Pow
er of Socialism Victorious.” The
“steadily increasing prosperity”
of the people under the Soviet
regimes, their “devotion” to the
dictatorship, and the strength of
the "mighty Soviet power” are
presented as conditions that ac
tually exist.
It is fear that this propaganda
is intended to create in the
hearts of all lice peoples, induc
ing them to believe that no na
lion can stand up successfully
against the economic, political,
and military "might” of Mos
cow. Planted in non-conimunist
newspapers and suggested to
non-communist statesmen here
in the United States, it will in
timidate us into a continuance
of the feeble policies of appease
merit and containment. Argu
ments will be made as they have
too often been made the past,
that any strong stand against
Soviet Russia will lead to a great
frontal war.
he
A Marian New Year
Drifting Toward Appeasement
forever be opposed to recogniz
ing a Red regime in China. He
added at once, however, that op
position would have to continue
as long as the communist govern
ment of China was guilty of ag
gres.xion in Korea promoted ag
gression in Indochina, and gen
erally conducted itself in a man
ner unbecoming a nation bound
by the pledges of the UN Char
ter.
Of course day to day new re
ports. and even statements by
other high U.S. officials, make it
clear that Red China continues
to misbehave.
Rut the influential U.S. News
and World Report says 5n its
copyrighted “Newsgram” sec
tion:
“You can be reasonably sure
of the following in the period
ahead:
“Appeasement, in modified
form, will be offered to Com
munist Russia.
“Trade barriers against Com
munist countries will be lower
ed. Trade, to be allowed to re
vive, will give Communist coun
tries many strategic products.
“Agitation, to cause unrest in
the Communist empire, will he
checked.
“Communist China, slowly hut
Myths
But its very assertions for
this effect, the New Tunes re
veals their mythological charac
ter. One great piece of evidence
which it produces to demonstrate
the "invincibility” of the dicta
torship is the Korean war. To
quote what it says exactly: "The
American imperialists failed to
bring the freedom-loving people
of Korea to their knees. With
the assistance of the Chinese
people's volunteers, and the sup
port and sympathy of all peace
lovers, the people of Korea hero
ically upheld their freedom and
independence.” Every claim
made in this statement is pure
fiction. The Korean war was lost
by the United States, not through
Soviet power, but through the
refusal by the State Department
to permit the war to be won.
That was a triumph for Soviet
"psychological warfare” and not
for the Kremlin's military or po
litical strength. The latter
thought is as unreal as the
claims that the United States
was the aggressor in Korea and
that the regular armies of Red
China were "volunteers.”
This tragic episode in Korea
—which the New Times boast
fully terms “the collapse of the
American aggressors' plans”—is
a reminder of our weakness in
comprehending the true condi
tion of affairs. If there was such
a comprehension, the United
States would Jong ago have em
barked upon that course of lib
eration for the subject peoples,
which was promised by Secre
tary of State John Foster Dulles
but has not yet been realized.
The possibility of our doing this
is the cause of the new barrage
of “fear propaganda” which is
too readily accepted by many
American agencies of opinion
and by certain American leaders.
That we are to be deluged with
surely, will be eased into the
UN.”
In this same section, the mag
azine also says:
“Mr. Eisenhower is backing
away from his stand against
deals with Russia until after the
Communists give an earnest
show of good faith. The basis
now is being laid lor 1954 talks
designed to fix a price to be paid
the Communists for a period of
promised peace. Russia will not
be required to show prior proof
that her promises are any good,
once they are given.”
Prime Minister Churchill has
revealed in London that “trade
with China, recognition of the
Chinese Communist government,
the admission of China into the
United Nations, Korean prob
lems and even such awkward
personalities as Syngman Rhee
and Chiang Kai-Shek” were dis
cussed at his Bermuda meeting
with President Eisenhower and
Premier l.aniel of France. He
would not elaborate, however.
The issue is expected to. be
a real one 1954. This is a year
in which a new Congress will be
elected, a time when the average
citizen readily has the ear of
candidates for office.
this sort of thing is indicated
by Political Affairs for Decem
ber, 1953. which takes up the
theme initiated by the New
Times.
Ignorance
It is quite obvious that the
fifth column here is counting up
on the widespread ignorance in
what are called “informed cir
cles” as to what the Communists
are up to and how they actually
operate.
Happily there has just been
issued a new book which can
help to dispel this ignorance,
the Achilles heel of the United
States. The work to which 1 re
fer is Our Secret Allies: The
Peoples of Russia, by Eugen?
Lyons. In its pages, carefully
prepared and excellently docu
mented. we have a refutation of
the philosophy of fear which
hangs like a nightmare over
American foreign policy.
Mr. Lyons demonstrates con
clusively that what I wrote down
in The Cry is Peace is correct:
That the Soviet regime is weak
economically, politically, and
militarily. Its strength lies in its
continued ability to mislead
American thinking.
Likewise, the author of this
notable book on our secret al
lies exposes completely the old
fairy tale to which Dean Ache
son fell a victim. Needless to
say. this is the idea that we are
dealing with an expansion of
Czarist imperialism and not with
something entirely different, So
viet Communism. We are deal
ing with “a totalitarian gang.”
as Lyons puts it, which has im
posed itself upon the Russian
peoples and not with any expres
sion of Russian national interest.
If that reality is grasped, then
the course of liberation will be
speeded, l^et us hope that it will
not be embarked upon too late.
INQUIRY CORNER
Will The Anti-Christ
Be A Real Person?
Q. A religious Protestant friend
of mine referred to the anti
Christ as a definite person. Do
we believe in such a special
person?
A. There are various opinions
among Catholic scholars after
the anti-Christ. The Old Testa
ment (mostly in Daniel) men
tions such a person or being sev
eral times under such names as
“beast”, “dragon”, etc. A com
mon opinion, based on St. John's
writings (I John 2:18-22, 4-3)
makes him out to be a man who
will pose as a messias or another
Christ before the end of the
world. It is also possible that it
is a general term applied to all
those who oppose Christ and set
themselves up as leaders in op
position to Him and His teach
ing Church. The same Apostle
states: "For many seducers are
gon a out into the world who con
fessTot that Jesus Christ is come
in the flesh. This is a seducer
and an anti-Christ.” In any case
Christians should concentrate on
imitation of Christ rather than
on emotional reaction to the
cloudy prophecies of the world s
end.
Q. What is the Psalter? What
is its purpose?
A. The book of Psalms of the
Old Testament is a collection
of religious songs. It was prac
tically completed by 529 B.C.
and David is rightly regarded as
the chief author (Biblical Com
mission May 1, 1910). It was the
divinely-inspired hymnal of the
Old Testament and the Christian
Church adopted it is the basic
part of the liturgical prayer of
the New Testament Church.
Christ Himself quoted it often
and its use in community wor
ship was recommended by St.
Paul and St. James (Ephesians
4:19 James 5:13). The Psalter
forms the main part of the Brevi
ary. all one-hundred and fifty
psalms being recited the
course of a week. It is used also
as a source of meditation and
private prayer.
Q. Who was ‘‘Psichari”, to
whom I found glowing refer
ence in a spiritual book?
A. Ernest Psichari (1883-1914)
was born in Paris and died in
Belgium during the First World
War. He was a grandson of Re
nan and while stationed in Afri
ca in the Colonial Artillery re
covered the faith his grandfather
had renounced. He had an excel
lent literary training which is in
dicated in his best-known work
in the form of two autobiograph
ical novels representing his spir
itual testament.
Q. If someone offers an inaul
genced prayer or action for
someone else can he still gam
the indulgence for himself?
MONSIGNOR HIGGINS
The Assembly Line
Several months ago we were
privileged to draw up the Amer
ican itinerary of a European vis
itor who is widely recognized
in his own
country and
throughout the
Continent as
one of the most
authonta 11 v e
students of Ca
tholic social
teaching. When
he arrived in
the United
States he was
half way pre
pared 1o con
clude that the
American style assembly line in
mass production industries was
doing more harm than good, that
it was gradually but inexorably
dehumanizing or depersonaliz
ing the average American work
er. By the time he had completed
his American tour, however, he
changed his mind. He went back
to Europe prepared to tell his
students that the assembly line,
thanks to the imperfect but con
tinuing efforts of industry, labor
and government to keep it un
der effective social control, is
more of a blessing than a curse
to humanity, even from the point
of view of its ultimate effect
on the human personality of the
average worker.
Our European friend is any
thing but naive. He clearly rec
ognizes that there is much to be
said against the modern assem
bly line, but he is reasonably
optimistic about our ability and
our willingness to keep it under
adequate control. He was par
ticularly impressed by the fact
that American unions—thanks to
their realistic tradition of prac
tical collective bargaining on
specific issues, as opposed to the
older European tradition of over
emphasizing political remedies
for economic and social problems
have been able fo do so much
in a relatively short period ef
time to safeguard the human
dignity of their members as well
as to promote their material
welfare and prosperity. He is
confident that by building on
this foundation and by continu
ing to develop new methods of la
bor-management cooperation at
every level of tiff economy, the
United States will lead the way
In a new system of economic
life which will compare favor
ably with any other system in
history, including the handicraft
economy of an earlier age to
w hich some critics of modern in
dustrialism look back so nos
talgically as to the golden age of
man.
For example, offering Holy
Communion.
A. If the prayer or good work
is offered for someone else we
could still gain the indulgence
ourselves. As a matter of fact
we cannot gain an indulgence for
another living person. It is only
an extension of indulgences
which makes it possible for in
dulgenced prayers to benefit the
souls in Purgatory. It would
seem, however, that if we offer
ed the benefit of the indulgence
itself for a soul or the souls in
Purgatory we would have given
up our right to it. The only in
dulgence recorded in connection
with the Holy Eucharist, i.e. the
reception of the Sacrament, is in
the case of First Communion.
We certainly can offer our pray
ers at Communion for others and
still benefit ourselves by the
Sacrament and our prayers after
receiving.
Q. Doesn’t the Church make a
mistake when it insists that par
ents have children even in pov
erty?
A. It is a mistaken idea that
people have when they say that
the Church insists upon parent*
having children or having large
families. The Church insists up
on the natural law of God and
teaches the nobility of the voca
tion of those who bring life into
the world. It does not inquire
into families nor demand an ex
planation of small families. It
does forbid any solution which
goes contrary to God’s law. If
we could save our lives only by
an evil action such as lying,
stealing or murder we would be
restrained by the Catholic
Church because we cannot do
evil that good may come. The
problem of poverty and a fam
ily does not permit a solution
which has been forbidden by
God from the Old Testament
days (Genesis 38:8-10) down
through Christian tradition. In
sofar as poverty is an evil it
should be eliminated, but immor
al practices which corrupt Chris
tian marriage itself cannot be
advanced as a solution. It is pov
erty which should be eliminated,
not people.
Q. Who was St. Dorothy?
A. There are several saints of
that name. The most famous was
a virgin and martyr in the fourth
century who was beheaded at
Caesarea in Cappadocia. This
was during the last great perse
cution under Diocletian. She con
vened to the faith the people
who were sent to prison to per
suade her to renounce it. Her
feast day is February 6th.
Send questions to Father Ed
ward F. Healey. The Inquiry
Comer, The Catholic Times, Box
636. Columbus (16) Ohio.
Pessimistic Contrast
In marked contrast to tha
guarded and realistic optimism
of our European friend is tha
acid-like pessimism of a young
Australian author Niall Bren
nan, in his recent book, “The
Making of a Moron” (Sheed and
Ward, New York, $2.50). This au
thor caustically develops tha
black-and-white thesis that “tha
making of morons by big indus
try means that the time is com
ing, if it has not already arrived,
when of any two men seeking
the same employment, the one
with the lesser intelligence will
he preferred to the one with the
greater.”
But Mr. Brennan would have
strengthened his argument in
stating the more pessimistic side
of the question if he had made
a greater effort to avoid the fall
acy of Oversimplification. To say,
for example, that “the apostles
certainly did not have a filing
cabinet between them,” is com
pletely irrelevant to the serious
question at hand. To add that no
other important man in history
ever had a filing-cabinet is noth
ing less than gibberish. To say
that higher education is a “dis
advantage” and to add very cas
ually that “there is not much
doubt now that the world was
much better off when men could
not read” is an outmoded kind
of snobbery.
An Insult
To attach some sort of mystical
importance to the fact that
Christ chose to be a carpenter
(rather than a farmer for exam
ple, or a cobbler) and to attempt
to draw conclusions therefrom
in the field of sociology is to
take outlandish liberties with the
sacred science of theology. And,
finally, to leave the impression
by a series of three or four dog
matic generalizations that the
philosophy of the modern trade
union movement is completely
materialistic is an insult to a
host of dedicated men and wom
en who have done and are doing
more to humanize modern in
dustry than Mr. Brennan and I
and all the other so-called “intel
lectual” students of the subject
can ever hope to do.
The problem to which Mr.
Brennan has addressed himself
is admittedly very serious, but
his breezy approach to the prob
lem is less than satisfactory. He
is more of a litterateur than a
scientific sociologist. He has a
better eye for black and white
than for the intermediate shades
of grey which count for so much
in the tedious calculations of tha
social scientist.

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