Newspaper Page Text
—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Fndav, Januarv 8. 1954 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by NOTICE: Send All Changes nf Address to P. 0. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15, Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to P. O. Box 636, Columbu* 16, Ohm Frier of Th* r*thohr Tmw t»*r All This Paper Printed by Union Labor A New Machine? tec] •ome monster even mon Whate IIom Much Is A Dime? I A Problem )f Addition and Subtraction centuries our present and hooks, irms all of it material- i i iin na i spec he, N ind tl hat v dime Next Sunday is the Feast of the Holy Family, a Feast-day for modern Americans if there ever was one. It could as easily he called the Feast of the Happy Family. The ideal of every parent i* to have a happy family. A happy family necessarily embodies all the things that every father and mother wish for their children—or should wish for them The example nf the Holy Family being the one perfectly happy family should make every parent think, to reconsider, and. perhaps to change The quality of happiness has not changed with time. It is the same now as it was two thousand years ago. This applies not only to individuals bui to related group* of individuals, io men, to families to nation*. Man is the basic unit of the family. The family is the basic unit of society. And so, a happy society is based on the happiness (holiness) of individuals. The family stands in the unique position midway between the individual and society, fostering hap piness in them both. What is the happy holiness of families? Is it made up of externals, of worldly possessions? Can it be purchased or contracted for? Some think it can. An interesting experiment for every member of a household would be to contemplate the Holy’ Family this Sunday and to do some addition and subtraction. Ixt each one see the Holy Family’ in their bless ed happiness and convince himself that this hap piness was the effect of their Holiness. I^et him add all the things of this modem world that he possesses to the picture of the Holy Family and to see if the picture is brightened one bit. Then let him take the Holy Family, and sub tract from his own life all the things he sees miss ing in the Home at Nazareth. Is the picture of his life, his family’s life, darkened? Only if the one thing remaining, that could be common to both— holiness—, is missing in his own life. Just Among Ourselves Passing Comment Considered or Inconsiderate It is the glorious season of Epiphany. In this time the Church celebrates the Manifestation of the Infant Redeemer to the non-Jewish peoples, the Gentiles, the races of men over all the earth. The Magi, those ancient rulers or leaders of men, who were ruled and led by God himself, and guided by a star, are our noble spiritual ancestors. They were our representatives as they knelt before the Ixird offering valuable gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh, and the far more valuable gifts of believing and adoring hearts. remarkable trialI few of our churches are dedicate to the Magi. It is also remarkable that few' churches are dedicated to the Shepherds of th? a 11 v 11 v. The shepherds were the first friends that Christ called to His side when He came on earth the Magi were the first of the Gentiles to be sum moned by Our Ixird. It appears that these two groups of men who were first called to sanctifica tion by the Redeemer are so immersed in the di vine light nf Savior Himself that their own special feast-days are forgotten. There are, of course, many churches called by the name of The Nativity and The Epiphany. In the dedication nf these churches, neither the shep herds nor the Magi are forgotten. Doubtless they are happy that this is so. And. upon consideration, it seem that no other saints except Mary’ and Jos eph, Simeon and Anna, are thus intimately united with Christ in the recollection of the Divine Infancy and the Manifestation. In their very eminence, the shepherd* and the Magi are without need of Feasts and dedications of their own. an that the faithful should saints in their prayers and ints are largely neglected, it he has a snecial devotion the Little Flower, ay that they have o the shepherds of that mon prav to this saint that people neglect the s»i bv Our fxird when Hi lived in the hould und ig shepherc mes just after the A seen itedly have sought out 1o hear from their lip. hristma* night upon ih° Never should we have forgotten that interview. Never should we have neglected tn cultivate the friendship and the intercession nf those whose eyes had looked unon that Word come to pass. We should have held these shepherds in an honor equal with that which our piety would n^y to the Apostles themselves. Rut now, while we pray, at least some for the intercession nf the Apostles, we dn not pray at all for the heln of the holy shepherds. Had w?/ lived in that ancient time when the hutch was new, we should have been eager to see hr Magi rf they were still alive. And. were we trivilecen n come before th?m and speak to them. v? should have asked them to tell us again of their lourney to Judea, of the wondrous star, of their lurried preparations for the weeks of travel, of heir meetnng together, of Herod and his court. nu above iill. of the hild to whom their gifts and heir adoration were offerer1. of Hi* Mother, and His faithful Guardian. How keen would have been our toy of soul to have heard all these matters, al ready well known and cherished, from the lips of the Magi themselves. Yet to-day how seldom we ask the Magi, if we ask at all, tor the still richer joy nf their active intercession. We might have bad a hard time, in those old finding any of the sh'pherds and ceritainly it Id not have herni easv to find and speak with the Magi But It is not har now 1 o hr i n unication with all of these .« Tnev a*‘e hr■ hutch Trniinpliant they ai*(* con’d True we cannot now have from shepherds or Magi the audible words that would satisfy our pious curiosity. Rut we can have vvhat is much better. We can have their attention and their love, their care for us and their pravers. their help and blessing Yet seldom, if ever, do we ask for these In these early days of the Now Year when the habit of high resolving is still upon us. it would not be amiss for many of us to form a resolute intention of keeping among our snecial patrons the first of all Christian saint* after Our Rlessed Moth er, St. Joseph, and the saints of the Temple Anna and Simeon. We need not. indeed we should not, unreasonably multiply devotions or self-imposed obligation*. Rut altogethei without binding our selves by’ promises, we might determine to say now and then a short prayer, a brief aspiration, to invoke the shepherds and the Magi. We shall he the richer for such an intention, and for its ful fillment. At all events, in this bright time of Epiphany, we must not forget the manv human figures that are whom the Manifestation of the mad? before the first Epiphany occurred. So close are the shepherds and the Magi to the Christ Child that all our current seasonal devotion must be woven with theirs. A ff 4SHINGTON LETTER )N The out look ce is not notice as 1954 makes its State Dulles has ss of a threat of aggression from but that the cnsc and persist- Soviet Russia hi sort of willingnc confidential talk President Eisenlu for an internatioi leard ag« hat stirr first utter? the let u tor, “Let us go o this Word that is no 1 that ssed a nn in parent acceptance of Eisenhower s proposal ed was itself enough tr picion. It was craftily nine-tenths critical, a than a score of times LOl IS E. R( DEM igionists own: they are always* availalle for o1ur pray they are generous in interceding for us, espec if wc ask for their intercession. Nor arc they men now, reaching hack into nrecious memory the events we wish to hear. There are no old ts. All in heaven are in the full of alertness and perfect use nf their faculties of mind and will the resurrection of the hody. all will continue ver in vouthful maturity even in the body. There is no “internal threat from the communists in the Unit ed Slates, the Soviet fifth col umn has chanted repeatedly and shrill y during the past Issue after is sue ot the Dai ly Worker has n devoted to assertion s that there have been no all, and that those important persons who have been proved to be espionage agents are actually’ innocent vic tims of ‘frameup. I he 11st of those ex on eiated by the Reds includes Alger Hiss as well as Harry Dexter White, for the former has now become a great favorite of the Stalinitcs. Their protestations of his inno cence have novv risen to the same pitch as their defense of the Rosenbergs and the Red lead ers who are fugitives from jus tice. Evidently they have receiv ed what they' consider assuranc es of his continued agreement with them, tor it is communist practice always to wait for such assurances before rushing out to champion any one accused of espionage. Otherwise, the person or persons accused might break down, turn on the conspiracy’ and leave it in a decidedly bad position. The Daily Worker, of course, is not alone in this new bid to soften up Americans on the Red issue for the coming Uongres- publication for the intellectuals, Masses and Mainstream, does its duty in its December. 1953, num her by’ an entire article whose theme is “Government by Frame up.” Mind Poisonins Those men and women who are to carry the contents of this article into the ranks of the edu Message To Mankind 1954: No Great Hope For Peace urging confidential talks, it may well have been designed primari ly to split the NATO nations apart. Still another, and perhaps the saddest reason Vhy the outlook for peace is not brighter, is that Soviet Russia, by its conduct over a long period of time, has led everyone to suspect its ev ery move. Even its “peace cru sades have not been tor peace. How, then, would one make peace with Soviet Russia? More and more people are asking this question, because they do not see what reliance could he placed in any agreement we might make with Moscow. The plain answer would seem to be that Russia must give some evidence of its desir* for a real peace. Prime Minister Churchill told Commons in England that the Bermuda conference discussed recognition of Red China, admit tance of Red China tn the UN, The “Non-Existent” Threat cated in America are left with no illusions as to why the elab orate arguments are put forth that there is no “internal threat” from the Reds. It is in order to blot out the whole “thesis” that there is a communist conspiracy in the United States. It is, fur ther, in order to bring about the destruction ot all who put for ward that “thesis.” To put it bluntly, the American mind is to be poisoned once more—as it has so frequently in the past by the myth that the conspiracy does not constitute a threat with in our borders. Wc are to be persuaded to put blinders on in regard to the very operations on which we should fasten our chief attention since it is through those opera tions that the communist line is so effectively conveyed into American lite. Many illustrations could be produced of the distortions which run through this article for the Red intellectuals. For our pur poses and within our space lim its. one will suffice. The article goes so far as to give an ex ample of a “frameup'' in “the trial of the German communist refugee. Gerhart Eisler, based on the perjured testimony of Louis Budenz.” If there is any more flagrant instance of the Big Lie than this assertion, it would be hard to find. Eisler Case The Communist International representative. Gerhart Eisler, was not* convicted by my testi mony alone. His own sister, Ruth Fischer, swore to his long record of participation in Red espionage in many lands, including China, Documentary evidence was pro duced through the false passport which he had used under the forged name of l.iptzin, with un disputed testimony that the names of his guarantors on the passport were fictitious names written in by I/*on Josephson, Soviet agent who spent a year in prison for his forgery. Since and our relations with Syngman Rhee of Korea and Chang Kai Shek on Formosa. This has prompted some observers to say the Western Powers will offer Soviet Russia a security pact at the forthcoming Berlin confer ence. Some writeis carry’ this still tint her and say recognition ot Red China and admittance of Red China to the UN will be of fered to Russia as a sort of ap peasement. In return, it is said, we would expect Russia to give some assurance that it would not be aggressive--for a while at This is being watched very closely in this country. Feeling that Russia must be made tn prove itself, and that we should not abdicate the slightest from our present position, Amer icans are asking: What good would any promise be that we got from Russia, and especially if it were obtained at the cost of great national humiliation? Eister's conviction, other ex communists have come forward to swear to his position as Mos cow's secret representative in this country. Among these has been Manning Johnson, former member of the National Com mittee of the Communist Party. The extreme measures used by Moscow to assure Eisler's escape from this country after his con viction, including the use of the Polish ship Batory and a Red Czech airplane, prove his import ance to the Kremlin. These meas ures confirm my testimony to the fact that he was not a “refu gee’’ but the leading Soviet se cret agent in the United States. It might seem strange at first that the communists would be so bold, and some people might think reckless, citing such a case. But the Soviet fifth col umn is aware of the ease with which it has induced certain non communists to pick up its argu ments and go forward with them. I have before me a copy of the Mamaroneck, N.Y*. Daily Times of Dec. 11, containing a report of the address made in that city by Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., pro fessor and author. Among many other things of a like intent, Mr. Schlesinger states: "The threat (of communism) is not in this country, the threat is Soviet pow er.” Unfortunately for Mr. Schles inger, that is precisely what Mos cow now wants Americans to be lieve. as evidenced by its big barrage about "Soviet might” to which I referred last week. We cannot afford to let down our guard militarily, but we can face reality that the most power ful Soviet weapon is its contin ued ability to mislead our think ing. And there are too many like Mr. Schlesinger, although he and they may have a different intent, who aid the communists toward this end. At least, alert community leaders can take an opposite 'course. INQUIRY CORNER Is Baptism Necessary For Our Salvation? Q. What is the teaching of the Church concerning unbaptized infants? A. Many theologians teach that they go to a place of nat ural happiness called Limbo. It is Catholic teaching that an un baptized infant cannot go to heaven. From an understanding of the supernatural life and the words of Christ Himself we know’ that no one can enter heaven without Baptism. (John 3:5 Matt hew 28.19 Mark 16:16) An adult w ho knows no better can be sav ed without the actual Sacrament as were the people of the Old Testament by baptism of desire. We have no right to heaven. It is a gift and the easy conditions named by Christ must be met. Q. What is meant by the ref erence to the Spanish Inquisi tion in a recent statement by a religious body about congress ional inquiries? A. The Spanish Inquisition is accepted, rightly or wrongly, as a classic example of tyranny. The Inquisition investigated and judged those whom it consider ed a menace to the people and to all lawful authority and then turned them over to the civil court for punishment. Modern scholarship has shown the exag geration of some earlier ac counts. but there were abuses of authority and its value would be at least doubtful in our time. The religious body you mention was not a Catholic group, but the statement represents the consid ered opinion of a large group of American Christians. It finds a more positive counterpart in the statement of the American Bishops whose statement on the Dignity of Man was printed the TIMES in the November 27th issue. Q. .4 scholarly friend of mine saps that modesty changes from age to age and from place to place, so the Catholic Church is just being stubborn in clinging to outmoded and narrow moral laws in regard to it. A. The Catholic Church has very few regulations or laws re garding modesty. Modesty is the virtue "which enables a man to observe moderation in all things e g. in estimating his own worth ... in deportment and in dress” (Attwater’s Catholic Dictionary). It is generally a relative thing varying from place to place and from age to ago eg. clothing suitable for the beach is not suit able for Church. This is not to say that modesty is relative, nor even to touch on the deeper vir tue of purity ie.g. as effected by Christian practice and the mar riage laws of the Church) but simply to indicate that details are not absolute. The Catholic Church does nnt make laws about MONSIGNOR HIGGINS Labor's Rights Several weeks ago we received a long letter from an examplary Catholic layman in the ranks of business management accusing us. courteously but very point edly. of being unfairly preju diced against employers as a class. His let ter was occa sioned. he told us, by a column we had written on an ill-fated strike of the AFL National Agricultural Work ers’ Union in the sugar cane fields of southern Louisiana. It is our opinion that he misinter preted the meaning iff this col umn, partly because of a mis leading headline attached to it in one of our subscribing papers. There was only one issue in this strike- the right of agricul tural workers to organize and bargain collectively. The strike was publicly supported by a rep resentative group of Catholic priests in Louisiana, by the New’ Orleans unit of the Catholic Com mittee of the South, and by many of the leading Catholic publica tions in the United States, in cluding The Commonweal and America. In stating our own support of the strike, we expressed the opinion that those employers Who made the strike necessary and their associates who were egging them on were open to serious criticism from the point of view of Catholic social teach ing. Novv that the strike has been broken, very unjustly by the su perior power of the plantation owners we are more convinced than ever that the decent em ployers of the United States, whose name is legion and whose number is constantly increasing, owe it to themselves as well as to workers to take a public stand against any of their associates who are still so benighted as to deny the right of labor to organ ize. The decent element* in the labor movement are rightly ex pected to dissociate themselves from any of their colleagues who deny the right to private prop erty. No less is to be expected of emnioyers with reference to the right nf labor to organize, for the latter right is just as “natur al” and just as important as the former. No Anti-Employor Bias In defending the right of labor tn organize in the Louisiana cane fields and in depreciating these details as a rule except for good order e.g. women wear ing head-covering in church, and even then we do not claim any basic moral principle is involved in the custom. Q. There is a lot of talk about the liturgy. Just what is it any- A. In Greece before the time of Our Lord if one of the citi zens erected a library, helped with the expenses of the religious drama or gave money for the ar my he was said to have perform ed a liturgy. It had to be some thing from which the community benefited. St. Luke used it in de scribing Zachary’s service in the temple (Luke 1:23) and again in the Acts of the Apostles (13:2). It was taken by the early Chris tian Church to refer to the offi cial public worship of God. It re fers to the Mass, the Divine Of fice and the Sacraments with the background of the Church Y’ear, as actions by and for the Mysti cal Body of Christ. It is distin guished from private prayer. Pope Pius XH has explained in concise but complete fashion the practical as w'ell as theoreti cal points regarding the Liturgy in his great encyclical “Mediator Dei”. Q. When does drinking be come a sin? A. Excessive eating and drink ing are sinful because they in jure the physical and mental health of the person and involve or lead to other sins. A person commits a mortal sin when he drinks excessively to the point that he deprives himself of the use of reason. It would be a ven ial sin to drink without modera tion even though the person might still be considered ration al or sober. When drinking leads to injury to health, neglect of the family, scandal or sins such as those against impurity it is sinful. Q. What is “quietism”? A. In his encyclical on The Mystical Body Pope Pius XH has a statement regarding modern quietism. He speaks of it as a system “attributing the whole spiritual life of Christians an4 their advance towards virtue solely to the action of the di vine Spirit, to the exclusion and neglect of the co-operation w’hich we must provide.” He condemns it as a form of spiritual sloth, neglecting our part in cooperat ing with God's grace. Quietism would neglect the second half of the spiritual proverb: “Pray as though everything depended up on God work as though every thing depended upon you.” Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey. The Inquiry Cor ner, The Catholic limes, Bog 636. Columbus (16) Ohio. the fact that so many newspaper* and other influential spokesmen for the business community eith er overtly or covertly sided with the plantation owners in their last-ditch opposition to collective bargaining for agricultural work ers, we were not and are not giv ing vent to a prejudice against employers as a class. On the con trary. as we thought we had stated clearly in the column to which our friend has objected so vigorously, it is our opinion—ar opposed to the more pessimistic estimate of employer spokesmen such as Kiplinger of the famous Kiplinger Letter—that a large percentage of American employ ers honestly and sincerely be lieve in trade unionism and col lective bargaining as necessary elements in peaceful and pro gressive industrial relations. This opinion is amply confirm ed by a new book which is un doubtedly one of the most im portant publications of recent years in the field of labor rela tions: “Fundamentals of Labor Peace” (National Planning Asso ciation. 1606 New Hampshire Av enue. N.W, Washington 9. D.C., $1.00). This is the final report of an NPA committee which was es tablished seven years ago to study the causes of industrial peace under collective bargain ing. During that time the com mittee has published thirteen separate volumes on union-man agement relations in thirty firms in such industries as aircraft, chemicals, clothing, electrical goods, food processing, glass, machine tools, mining, pulp and paper, rubber, steel and textiles. The studies concerned companies with plants in all regions of this country, in Canada and England. It is highly gratifying to note that these thirty firms are only a small minority of those nomin ated for study by the NPA com mittee because of their histories of peaceful labor-management relations. The purpose of the commit tee’s final report is to tie up the loose ends of the various case studies and to formulate, on the basis of these studies, a series of general conclusions for the guid ance of other companies and unions in the field of collective bargaining. In every’ one of the case studies it was found that the first and most important factor accounting for industrial peace was the full acceptance by man agement of the collective bar gaining process and of unionism as an institution.