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-—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Fridav. Jan 22. 1954 censorship In reve stance. the feet every Have the teeth fron be resolve THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE Send All Changes of Address to P. 0 Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices 246 E Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to P. O Box 636, Columbus 16, Ohio This Paper Printed by Union Labor An Unfortunate Opinion It appears that it will be some time before the full effect of this week’s decision by the United States Supreme court on two immoral pictures util be entirely known. The decision in itself as it atiects Ohio was clear cut and simple: The action of Ohio's Film Censor ship Division which wa sustained by Ohio’s Su preme Court, in rejecting the crime movie “M was reversed and the picture may now be shown. What every one is wondering, and there seems to be at this time Quite some confusion, is just how will the High Court's action affect the future of Ohio's movie Rut wt Our Part In I he Big Four Next Monday, the Big four Powers aie going to meet in Berlin to consider the question of world peace. It mav well be that this highly important and grave meeting will mark a det mile stage in world progress or retrogression. Many things will he discussed at this meeting, things that appear to he totally dittcrent and wholly unrelated hut they are at one in purpose and Our Life: Mission have emph sions God’s his in fem that will af 1 in the future but those who uld he appalling, icle of entertain- would abuse their new license. Movies are tar more than a s ment. They are an educations They form opinion and mold minds. They incite 1c houghts. Uncontrolled movie mak a threat to the individual and hose who would see vurlesque house in because lhes won thinking men every I part in furtherin, ision of this meet in n ot prayer that Got e four men in thci crepted tact nf hly to prayer, lei nf execution fone everything ievere until the ily supplication 1 be heard and to Him- and Help From Strange Quarters Holy Mothei see the Mi but We dividual lives It was intends just started th —and from a One of th Communist p, Central Comrmitt?? very unsuspected source. le top spokesmen for the Hungarian iartv in a speech to the Hungarian insists that Marian Year de be stopped, and quick. What he fears mrds is this: that the “cult of Mary end prevail over the cult of Marx and Lenin The Holy Father and our Bishops never had a stranger or more potent hacker than this Communist official. We have long been told that the final and more important battle would be one of the spirit and that it would not and could not be won with atom bombs and the other effects of man’s misguided endeavors. It is gratifying now' to have this con viction confirmed in the words of the enemy: “The revival of the faith during the Marian Year will he more dangerous to Communist rule than a fleet of superbombers from the capitalist world.” This realization on the part of the intellectual leader of Hungary’s Communist government should be our signal to rededicate ourselves and intensify our efforts to make this Marian Year the wonder ful success that Our Holy Father envisioned when he declared it to the world. Just Among Ourselves Passing Commant Considered or Inconsiderate The •'How” books are a constant delight to the American people. We are a curious folk, easily in trigued we like to be told how things are done, even when we have no intention of doing them. We therefore eagerly buy up the little gems of prac tical literature which direct us in the way of per formance: “How to Grow Mushrooms for the Market Your Basement “How to Play the Violoncello.” "How to Live on $56.42 a Month if You Can Get It,” "How to Build a Plywood-and-Plastic Home.” It is somehow comforting to realiz.e that, in an age which is generally addicted to the ponderous technical phrase, there is still such power in the simple words, “How to.” Shrewd writers take ad vantage of this fact. The author of a continuing best seller was not so uncanny as to label his volume, “Methods of Establishing Pleasing and Potent Social Relationships.” A book named so might gather end less dust on numberless shelves. Rut it sold, and sells, very briskly indeed under the title, “How to Make Friends and Influence People.” Among the many "How books” we find some that deal with the writing of letters. "How to Write a Business Letter “How to Write an Effec tive Appeal How to Keep Up With 5 our Corres pondence: “How to Compose a Letter of Applica tion.” From such sapient brochures, and from one or two more general Programmes of Protocol—or books of etiquette—ue gather the following direc tives for the writing of letters. It is now considered proper to typew'rite any sort of letter except one that is both personal and severely' formal. Not long ago, the typewriter was regarded as a business machine exclusively it was thought impolite for anyone to attempt social cor respondence in type Rut now the typewriter is part of our domestic equipment, and has a place in every' well-stocked home alongside the radio, the phono graph and the TV set. not to mention the electric sew ing mat hine. the gas dryer, the deep freeze, and the steam dish washer. Rule One. therefore, is this you may typew'rite your letters. Certain provisions, however, are required no obvious erasures no su perimposed le"5F.‘ no battering out of words or phrases v i s or s. And while it is still unacceptable practice to write letters with a pencil,- even an expensive me chanical pencil with a cigarette lighter cleverly' concealed in it. it is not considered impolite to do a letter with a hall point pen. Your ball-point pen is called a pen. and looks like a pencil, and. until re cently*. wrote like neither. I he early efforts of ball pointers seemed to suggest that the writer had used a blue pencil on papei that was pressed against a screen door. Rut science advances: the current crop of ball points are vastly improved instruments w? hear that they are now capable of drawing and en dorsing checks validly, always supposing that there is money in the hank to hack them up. Rule Two for the letter write requires that he use good paper, and that paper and envelope be of the same stock Nor should the paper hear evidence on its upper edge of having heen ripped from a pad. Paper dealers will coniei a favor if they discard the clinging red gum with which they have hereto fore delighted to weld sheets of paper into the form of pads. It is possible for a careful practi tioner to remove one sheet from a red-gummed pad without bringing along some shreds of the deter mined adhesive, hut it is not possible for him to detach a sheet that shall have no rubescent glow along its edge like the dainty smudge of lip-stick on a discarded cigarette. Rule Three for the polite letter-writer is that the outside and inside address should be both accurate and complete. If your correspondent has a title, make sure that you give it accurratcly, and not (except for the forms Mr., Mrs, and their plurals) in an abbreviated form. II you are writing to Doctor Smith, do not address him as Dr. If you write Father Johnson, call him Father and not Fr. And you will recall that the term Reverend is used in the third person only, and with the definite article. You address the envelope to The Reverend Samuel Johnson, not to Reverend Samuel Johnson and you never u*e the form Rev. Nor. in direct address, io you ev ?r write Den,r Reverend Johnson or twhich is much w orse) merely Dear Reveresnd. Th? word Ti'emid ii. always an adjective, never• a noun. You may write Dear Revert•nd Sir, or Reveirend and dear Str. or Re» erend and dear Father. It is ungracious tn show, in your mode of address, direct or indirect, that you arc not quite sure of the title of the person to whom you write. And surely it is worse than impolite to misspell the name of the person addressed. If you do not know lor sure how the person spells his name, you must find out if you cannot possibly find out, you cannot possibly address him by mail. People are justifiably "touchy” on this point they resent be ing misspelled. This resentment extends to the matter nf the middle initial. If you do not know the middle initial, you must not supply one at a guess, even if you have a theory (as some dn) that at least one-third of all human males have the mid die initial J. Rule Four is a requirement to keep business forms nut nf personal letters. Even business letters arc vastly improved hv eschewing "advise,” "due to.” "account of," and “re” Rut such words and phrases arc wholly inadmissible in personal correspond ence. Remember, too. that "like" is not a conjunc tion We cannot sing like the birdies sing, but as the birdies sinff "Like” is an adjective. And the word "sure” is also an adjective. It cannot serve for "surely.” 4 Nor must an adverb stand alone. When the letter is done and you come to the signing, do not he content with "Sincerely." nr "Affectionately." Add the word "yours." is required by the laws nf speech, and it takes away the suggestion of a quick hrush-off. Why will a man write "Sincerely," and sign his name, when he would on no account write a mere "Truly,” and sign that? The signature is familiar to the writer, but not always to the recipient of the letter. Therefore it must he done carefully, so 'hat the reader of the letter will know that it comes from Horace Greeley and not from Evace Hevalloj. Women might always tn use "Miss" nr “Mrs.” when writing tn people w'ho do not know them personally. Thus endeth the day s lesson. i IT 4SHIXGTOX LETTER Reds Still WASHINGTON A breakdown of the reasons for the separation of some 2,200 employes from Federal jobs since the application of the Eisenhower administra tion’s .security program would be interesting. It has been announced that this many workers have left the Government service under the security program, and “not more than 10 per cent" ol them have been "out and out communists.” These facts have been given widespread publicity, and they seem to have been the subject of profess Io see in these figures an argument that the communist is not as great as many supposed. This could be. But the two tacts that have been revealed so far regarding the operation of the security program do not war rant the conclusion. From what is known, it might just as well be argued that “cardcarrying" communists are extremely difficult to track down, even in Government cir cles. or that persons who. wit tingly or unwittingly, do things that are of benefit of the Red cause are just as dangerous as communist party members. It should be borne in mind that people iire separated from he government service. under 1 he security program, not for the s e reason that they are com munist party members, hut be cause they an» bad security risks. LDl IS F. Hl DEXZ Scarcely a month has ince I wrote of bility of a new render by the Soviet ambi tions and the o u nist line. By Janu ary 4. this lore cast had been confirmed by a gentleman who often thinks in terms of ap pease ment. Writing in the ,V. York Her aid Tribune of passed the grave possi Y alia, a new sur United States to that date. coe Drummond stated: ‘"There are a number of highly placed, strongly anti-communist officials of the State Department who think that the time may not be far distant when the United Stales may find it desirable to recognize Communist China and approve her membership in the United Nations.” VY’e can discount the expres sion “strongly anti-communist officials,” that being a term which many gentlemen who be trayed us in China and Korea al so applied to themselves. In this crisis, when the very life of the United States is involved, deeds are to be considered in prefer ence to words. And anyone who favorably considers recognition of Red China—with the major blow* that it will he to the secur ity of this country—is not anti communist. U. 5. Suicide Two hoary arguments are ad vanced by Mr. Drummond for this fJYoposed act of suicide by the United States. The first is that the Reds have "so ruthless ly exterminated’ all opposition that we should recognize their bloody dictatorship. By that ar gument, lhe United States will retreat completely across tha ‘That All May Be One9 o RCH UNITY Threaten Government These are two different things. The latter is more far-reaching. A person can be a bad security risk for a dozen or more reasons. In addition to membership in the communist party, he can be separated from Government serv ice for any act of sabotage, es pionage, treason or sedition, or for conspiring o commit any such act for continuing and sym pathetic association with a spy, saboteur, traitor or revolution ist for advocating the use of force or violence to overthrow the Government of the United States for intentional and un authorized disclosure of secur ity information to any person for acting to serve the interests ol another government in pref erence to the United States for refusal on the grounds of con stitutional privilege against self incrimination to testify before a congressional committee regard ing charges of disloyalty or oth er misconduct. A person separated from the Government service for any of these reasons could conceivably he serving the communist cause without formally being a mem ber of the communist party. So the tact that "not more than 10 per cent" of those separated from government service were “out and out communists” is not too significant. Employes can also he separ ated as bad security risks for be havior and activities indicating they are untrustworthy: fnr falsi Information From Mao Tse-Tung world, immorally approving each act of aggression by the Krem lin. the more “effective and ruth less" it becomes. The second ar gument is as stupid as the first, consisting in the idea that “Com munist China wants to achieve its independence of the Soviet Union. No folly could be worse than this illusion. Even the most meager knowl edge ot communist history will record the position of the Com munist Party of China as next in standing to that of the "mother Party” of Soviet Russia itself. Every communist document that comes to hand confirms the de votion of Mao Tse-tung and his followers to the Kremlin. There has just been issued by the thou sands of copies, here in the Unit ed States, a new essay by Mao Tse-tung, On Contradiction. It is dedicated to lhe affirmation of “the Marxist-ljeninist theory of social revolution,” and to the as sertion that “the triumph of the Soviet Union” confirms tn life the “truth* of what Marx, En gels, Lenin, and Stalin wrote. Red Solidarity This work is not only being studied carefully by American communists as a means to in crease their own devotion to the Kremlin by reading Mao Tse tung s words. It is also a means by which the Chinese Red leader conveys to the Sialinites here and throughout the world an un derstanding of Red China’s firm solidarity with the Kremlin. Be yond all that, it is specifically prepared to teach the Chinese communists and those serving them in Red China how to carry out a flexible policy and yet re main loyal to Moscow. The “flex ibility” of Moscow itself ig the majot example guiding their course. It remains a sad feature of our times that too many "prac J* _—_ w V 4 tication: for the excessive use of alcohol, drug addiction or sexual perversion, or for insanity or serious nervous disorders. These grounds are included on the the ory that, subjected to pressure, such a person might he moved to act against the best interests of national security. In view of the propaganda use that might he made of round fig ures given out in this connec tion. it might be well to know’ how many employes are seperated for what might roughly be called the “subversive" group of activi ties. and those who are separat ed because of personal charac teristics. U ntil more is revealed than has so far been marie public, not too much can he concluded regarding the nature of the dan ger we face. Bernard M. Shanley, special counsel to President Eisenhower, said he has received a number of protests from newsmen over their unsuccessful efforts to get a breakdow n on the 2,200 figure. He said he would do everything he could to help in this matter, but that he thought the big trou ble was that it is almost impos sible to get a breakdown by spe cific reasons for the separation of an employee from Govern ment service. He cited one FBI report where an employee was shown to be a security risk on three separate grounds-—that he panion of known communists and was a user of narcotics, a com a “crook.” tical” leaders in the United States have little or no concep tion of what the communists are saying to each other. They are never briefed on important com munist documents, such as this latest and vital work by Mao Tse tung. They proceed to blunder into traps laid for them by the Kremlin without any idea of where they are going. So much is this the case that Mr. John Carter Vincent, who admitted in his testimony before the Mc-Car ran Sub-Committee that he had Jed former Vice-President Henry A. Wallace to a position favor ably to the Chinese Communists, was officially exonerated on his plea of ignorance. In other words, it was apparently consid ered a merit that Mr. Vincent swore he had Jiever familiarized tumself with any statement or idea of the communists, whose cause he was favoring. If that concept still prevails in the State Department as Mr. Drummond, a friend of the State Department, indicates that it does—then we are in a bad way indeed. It would be necessary only for some leading person in that department to study Mao Tse-tung‘s latest booklet of course with some knowledge of communist philosophy and meth ods—to make certain that any hope that Communist China will break with Soviet Russia is worse than infantile. That false hojje is preparing the scene in which not thousands but hun dreds of thousands of American young men will be needlessly sacrificed. Is it not time that all Amer ican statesmen come to under stand this? A flood of letters to our Congressmen and Senators against any further consideration of Red Chinese recognition might help certain gentlemen to be come more intelligent. in our opinion Inquiry Corner ------------------Father Healey-.........— ..—.. Q. WAen and where did the Stations of the Cross originate? A. In the fifth century. St. Pe tromus erected a number of chapels in St. Stephen's monas tery at Bologna modeled on the chief shrines of Jerusalem. In the fifteenth century Blessed Al varez. on his return from the Ho ly Land built a number of chap els in the Dominican friary of Cordova with lhe scenes of the Passion depicted. The Francis cans adopted the practice in It aly about 1350 and for a long time they were the only ones who could lawfully erect Sta tions in churches. The erection of Stations in churches as we have them today did not become widespread until the close of the seventeenth century when spe cial indulgences were granted by Pope Innocent XL Q. Has Jonas actually swal lowed by a whale? Is it possible? A. The Binie aoes not say that it was a whale, but a great fish. There are sharks and sperm whales in the Mediterranean capable of swallowing a body larger than a man’s, St. Augus tine. speaking of the incredulity of the pagans of his day regard ing Jonas, said: “I find it very astonishing that he sets down the incident about Jonas as incred ible, unless perchance he thinks it easier for a dead man to be raised from the tomb than for a living man to be preserved in the great belly of a beast.” Christ refers to it as a fact when He says. “For even as Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights .” (Mat thew 12:40) (For further details see "Jonas” page 669ff. in “Cath olic Commentary on Holy Scrip ture”). Q. May one attend a spirit istic seance out of curiosity? A. No. Spiritism, or spiritual ism as it is commonly called, has been condemned by the Cath olic Church many times. It is forbidden to be present even "simply looking on. even though one tacitly or expressly protests that he does not wish to have anything to do with evil spir its.” (Holy Office. April 24. 1917) It was condemned in the Old Testament and its practice is su perstitious and unnec e s s a y. (Deuteronomy 18:10 Exodus 22:18) Q. Do ice have accounts of any women prophets in the Pible? A. There are several women who might be honored hy this title. Mary, the sister of Moses (Exodus. 15), Debbora. who acted as judge for the Tribes of Isra- OX SIG OR HIGGEXS Guaranteed Wage A widely syndicated column ist who periodically advertises his record as a successful pro pl.et in the field of labor poli- lies recently predicted that within the near future several top of-' ficials of the la bor movement would publicly take a stand against the u a a n eed Annual wage. Maybe so, but the odds are against it at the present time.. It wouldn't be the “political” thing to do. This is not to deny that many labor leaders are indifferent, if not actually opposed, to the Guaranteed Annual Wage. Some think it impractical: others re gard it as undesirable in prin ciple. There is something to be said for the first point of view. At present the Guaranteed Annual Wage may be impractical in the sense that, even with the best of good will on the part of labor and management, certain indus tries would find it practically impossible so to stabilize their operations as to make it possible to provide a reasonable guaran tee of work and wages for the majority of their employees. To say this is a far cry, however, from saying that th? Guaran teed Annual Wage is undesirable in principle. Completion or Planning? To say that the Guaranteed An nual Wage is undesirable in prin ciple is to imply that the im personal law of free competition, rather than intelligent human planning, should he the guiding principle of economic life. This is almost the equivalent of say ing that economic life is essent ially amoral, incapable of being regulated by intelligent applica tion of the moral law. The next logical step would be to argue that, instead of working for the Guaranteed An nual Wage, labor and manage ment ought to concentrate on im provements in our unemployment compensation laws. This, it seems to us. is a dangerous form of de featism. It tends to hand over to government a responsibility which belongs primarily to labor and management cooperating with one another within the sys tem of private enterprise. Im provements in unemployment compensation and other phases of social security are admitted ly very desirable and long over due. hut th? burden of provid ing economic security falls pri el (Judges, 4), and Holda (4 Kings. 22) are mentioned in the Old Testament. In the New Tes tament we have the holy woman, Anna, daughter of Phanuel (Luke, 2) who qualifies for the title of prophetess. Q. Is it correct to call all reg ular clergy “Order'’ or “Mis sionary' priests? What do the abbreviations O.C.R., O.C.D. and O.F.M. stand for? A. Strictly speaking, neither term is correct if used for all associations of religious. Canon Law and Catholic Custom sanc tion the use of “Order” for a religious association in which solemn vows are taken, and the title of “Congregation” is gen erally given to others which have simple vows. In general the more ancient associations of religious have title as Orders, such as the Benedictines, Dominicans and Franciscans. "Missionary” priests ■would not seem an apt title to cover religious groups which are primarily engaged in activities other than Foreign or Home Mis sions. O.C.R. stands for Order of Cistercians Reformed (Trap pists) O.C.D. for Order of Dis eased Carmelites O.F.M. for Or der of Friars Minor, or Fran ciscans. Q. Was not the “possessed boy” of Mark 9:13-28 simply an epileptic? A. The symptoms of the boy's illness certainly resembled those of epilepsy, but he was also pos sessed by the devil. From Christ's own words. “Thou deaf and dumb, spirit. I command thee, go out of him and enter him no more” (9:24), it. is clear that at least part of the cause was the presence of an evil spir it. The cure would have been miraculous anyhow, but anyone who believes that Christ is God and the Bible the w*ord of God must believe everything in it. Those who try to explain away the actions of the devil, includ ing diabolical possession, do not accept the plain teaching of the inspired word of God. Q. What was the nature of the so-called Apostle Spoons? A. The Apostle Spoons consist ed of a set of thirteen spoons, usually of silver, with figures of Our Lord and the Apostles on the handle ends. Instead of Ju das they usually represented St Paul or St. Matthias. They were commonly given as baptismal gifts in the fifteenth and six teenth centuries. Send questions tn Father Ed ward F. Healey, The Inquiry Cor ner, The Catholic Times, Box 696 Cnlumbus (Tfi) Ohio. marily upon labor and manage ment and only secondarily upon the government. Unemployment compensation, in.other words, is a supplement to. not a substitute for, the Guaranteed Annual Wage. Ironically enough, many of those who regard the Guaranteed Annual Wage as undesirable in principle like to think of them selves as friends of private en terprise and opponents of stat ism. In reality, however, they may be unwittingly preparing the way for more and more gov ernmental intervention in eco nomic life. To the degree that economic life is left to the tender mercy of impersonal economic laws, to that degree—especially in our own day and age—can we look for a corresponding in crease in government interven tion. The demand for economic security is on the increase. It cannot and will not be ignored by and modern government. If se curity is not provided by the pri vate enterprise system by means of voluntary labor-man amement cooperation on an in dustry-wide and national basis— it will be provided in one way or another by government. Amoral Theory Those labor leaders who con sciously or unconsciously sub scribe to the amoral theory that the impersonal rule of free com petition rather than intelligent human planning should be the guiding principle of economic life would do well to study the conclusions of a non-Catholic bus iness economist. Dr. Joseph L. Snider of Harvard University's Graduate School of Business Ad ministration. Dr. Snider, whose 1947 publication, The Guarantee of Work and Wages, is one of best things ever written on the subject of the Guaranteed An nual Wage, is a hard-headed eco nomist, the very antithesis of a utopian theorist. He. is however, more than a technical economist. He is essentially a moralist in the good sense of the word. Technical economic, procedures, he says, are admittedly import ant. but morality is even more important. “By no means all the promis ing procedures for accomplish ing business stability,” he writes, “are economic or political in character. There are important moral elements also. In fact, it is no exaggeration state that the more pressing need is for a strengthening of certain moral qualities rather than greater ec onomic or political insight.” To which Catholic economists, labor leaders and employers ought to be prepared to say Amea.