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cut in the summer ol were decided on wh 10—THE CATHOLIC TIMES Fridav, Feb. 5. 1054 Reul i Basil Insiranrat Fa. a. tittle a. AD. 3721 Easy Way To Make Money For Your Church Group The Capital City Products Co. P. 0. Box 569 Columbus, Ohio Deportation Of ’Class Aliens* By Hungarian Reds Backfires Red Government I nwittinglv Creates New Resistance Corps INNSBRUCK, Austria The communist deportation of hundreds of thousands of “class aliens'’ from Hungarian cities to the rural areas has boomeranged. The boomerdng hit the Reds while they were still rubbing their hands with glee over what they thought was a highly successful operation of the boomerang w that the regime is n ing to undo the depo munist officials agreed that they would have a four-fold “happy ef First of all, the Reds wanted to deprive the “class aliens of their Ironies, apartments and belongings. This was attractive bail since these aliens” (they were alien to com munist ideology) were mainly non communist intellectuals, pensioned officers, and members of the tor mer nobility. They’ generally had rather attractive city dwellings which marie fitting rewards to the army of communist officials. The second objective of the de portations wa.s to provide cheap labor force for government proj ects in outlying districts. The third objective was to pun i-h the peasants who showed them selves uncooperative to the re [time’s program of collective farms The peasants were ordered to pro vide shelter for the deportees. Sought Class War The fourth objective was to start a class war betuee- the deportee non-communist city folk and the peasants. According to the Rec scheme, this “inevitable class strug gle” would play into the regime’s hands. It would make the peasants much more docile io joining the WHERE THOUSANDS SAVE MILLIONS Currant Return Fkh nt Woodworking Metal Working Sheet Metal Working Contractors’ Homecraft Machinery Equipment Full Line nf Motors N Fourth A Ruttell Sfs. MA 5203 COLUMBUS 16. OHIO ROOFING, SIDING and GUTTERS We will give you honest service on any of the above work, either NEW or REPAIR, REASONABLE PRICES EASY TERMS GOFF & SONS 6¥. 74-»8 DAY OR EVE. EV. 7478 Accounts Insured Afa) /X To 510,000 CENTRAL OHIO FEDERAL SAVINGS 78 South Third Street A C11I N E It V Be Sure To Renew Your Subcription To THE CATHOLIC TIMES DURING FEBRUARY Catholic Press Month *3 For 53 Issues RENEW THROUGH YOUR PASTOR collective farm movement. It might even make the dispossessed de portees look to the government for benevolent protection. It was in the fourth objective that the Red plan backfired. The “inevitable class warfare between the peasants and deportees never even got started. Instead of fuming at the un invited guests the peasants had compassion on them. They pit ied the deportees who had to walk miles every day to the gov ernment labor projects. The “ma licious pleasure" which the Reds had foreseen for the peasants at the downfall of the city never materialized. The deportees, on the other hand, were very grateful for the hospitality shown by the peasants and lent a hand in the farm chores after their day's work foF the gov ernment. The deportees also shar ed with the peasants the advantage of their better education. Soon a close bond of friendship developed a bond strengthened by the fact that both groups suf fered under the Red regime. Under the guidance of the college-trained deportees the peasants quickly learned new ways to outwit com munist officials and get around the regime’s dictatorial decrees. The result was that instead of having ignited a diss struggle, the regime, was faced with a growing nucleus of opposition. And it quick ly brought an about-face from the Reds. Further deportations celled. Efforts were eve lure the deportees bad cities. They were told not return to their home could choose some othei Reds did not want to Navy Men isit Fatima LISBON (NC) Some 1.200 and naval officers HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING Williamson Favret Furnace Co. AD 5211 55 E. Goodale Columbus, O. Our Lai journey they obliged to restore to the their original homes, many of the deportee?, ed dow n the regime’s ice.’’ And the combma- ?ssed “hoi ants prov hich mav Madrid I Ihutm* Plans To Kuiid I .HM Homes MADRID (NC) Plans have been announced by th? Diocese of Madrid-Alcala to build 1,000 subur ban homes her? for families of low income. 50,000 Mexicans In 42-Mile Guadalupe Piljj MEXICO CITY- —(NC Ffty thou sand men. women and children foot from of the Dio- made a Basilica of )f Gaudalupe here. The as over 42 miles and the and 84 pa As the pil lilica they Even persons seriously disabled marie the long journey. During one of the stops on the journey, at a place called Las Cruces, where Mass was cel ebrated, Bishop Velez and his priests administered communion to 40,000. The pilgrimage was the 17th ‘’Here* Regarded More Important Than ’Hereafter* ST. PALL—(NC)—Learning how to get along with your neighbor is more important than learning how to gel to heaven, according io al most half the adult population oi the U.S. In fact, they believe it is the prin cipal duty of the church to teach people how to live better every day with all other people rather than to help them earn a happy life after death the February a tholic Digest reports. Basing its report on the first nation wide survey of religious be lief and practice in this country, the Digest finds that only 17% of the idult population say that the churches is to convert people to a spiritual belief in order to earn a happy future life. Only two per cent of Episcopal ians, Congregatianalists and .Jews think that the'most important task for the church is to convert people to a spiritual belief so that they can earn a happy life after death. Catholics and Methodists, with 16 17%, stand near the national aver- The Methodists again stand near the Catholics on the position that the work of the churches is to teach people how to live better ev ery day with all other people. Fif ty-two percent of the Methodists hold this, while 44% of the Cath olios favor this position. A third of the total, 33% refuse to say that either is more import ant and answer that they are equal ly important. Thirty-nine percent nf the Catholics and 33% of the Protestants maintain their equal importance. East Berlin Batts Cardinal's Letter SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA, Spam (NC) Copies of a cir cular letter addressed to Bishops throughout the world by His Emin ence Fernando Cardinal Quiroga Palacios, Archbishop of Santiago, have been returned here from East Berlin marked: "Not Admitted The Cardinal's letter was written to inform the Bishops of the open ing of the Holy Year of Compostela during which a million pilgrims are expected to visit Spain's most famous place of pilgrimage. The Year is being held in honor of St. James the Apostle, patron of Spain. BAT AT DOERSAMS 1-U is W. BROAD ST COLL MB VS, OHIO Valentine's ‘Sweetheart Ball* Planned T. NARY HAU liOQ 11 too Z so The C.S.M.C. Unit of St. Mary High School of Columbus, is sponsoring a "Sweetheart Ball" to take place Valentine Day, Sunday, Feb. 14, from 8:00 to 11:00 p. m. Admission is 50 cents. Pictured above, preparing decorations for the occasion are the officers of the unit. They are, left to right, Mary Wal ter, vice-president Nancy Grispino, treasurer Peggy Handahan, secretary, and Joanne Finneran, pres ident. Proceeds from the affair will go to the Missions. rimage On Foot from Toluca to the Basilica. When the pilgrims arrived at the great shrine, the women entered first, followed by the men. Sixteen of the pilgrims bore on their shoul ders a large statue of Our Lady of Guadalupe, flanked by flags of the American nations. Few oi the pilgrims sought ac commodations in hotels for lhe night. Many camped in the large plaza which is being constructed in front of the shrine, so that they would be early for the Pontifical Mass celebrated by Bishop Velez, on the following morning. ------------------o............ Legion Broadcast Io Feature Bishop Sheen, President ASHINGTON (NC) Presi dent Eisenhower and Auxiliary Bishop Fulton J. Sheen of New York will he among tho.e taking part in the American legion’s “Back to God" telecast: on February’ 7, the legion announced. The half-hour program is part of tbo Legion crusade for regu lar church attendance, daily fam ily prayer and religious training of youth. The movement was begun in 1951 10 commemorate the four chap Jains a Catholic priest, two Pro testant ministers and a Jewish Rabi i who gave their lives so thai others might live w ien the trooi ship Dorchester was sunk in 1943 In addition to the President and Bishop Sheen, Arthur J. Connell, national legion commander, and Protestant and Jewish leaders will also take part in the program. Mus ic is Io he provided by tenor Mor ton Downey and by the chapel choirs of West Point and Annapol- Originating in New York, the program will be view’ over the CBS television network (locally WBVS TV) at 2:30 p.m.. and will be heard over the BS. NBC, ABC and Mu tual networks by delayed broad cast. The radio broadcasts will be heard locally at the following tim es WCOI*. 9:30 p. in. WHKC, 10:00 p. m. and WBNS, 10:30 m. The Armed Forces Radio Service and the Voice of America will beam lhe program to overseas areas. Mr. Eisenhower who also took part in the program last year will speak to the nation from the White House. ■,-—i o- ■. -i ..........— Enrollment (Jimbs To Record High During 1953 WASHINGTON- -(NC)- In terms of growth, 1953 was the best year in the history of the National Coun cil of Catholic Women. This disclosure came at the an uual meeting of the N( board of directors in the National ath olic Welfare onterence headquar ters building here. Mrs. Calvert Haws of IAngeles, chairman of the council s committee on organ ization and development, reported that 1.120 Catholic women's groups affiliated with the NCCW during 1953. bringing the total number of affiliates Io 8 489. Mrs. William H. Dalton of Au gusta, Me.. NCCW president, and Margaret Mealev, executive secre tary, were chosen by the board to represent the council at a meet ing of the International Council and the Study Days of the World Union atholic Womens Organ izations in Fatima, Portugal, from May 18 to 21. A plea for salvage of all rem nants of clothing and for food parcels was made by Mrs. Anthony J. Scholter of Milwaukee, chair man of the council's war rebel committee. She pointed out that there are hundreds of thousands of Korean women, many of them war widows, who can fashion patch-work cloth ing for children out of remnants. She urged that the council increase its work in war relief efforts dur ing the Marian Year, particularly by the purchase of $5.00 food par cels. di Hara a sandwich is just as important as a whole dinner. Members of the NCCW every where were urged to welcome for eign visitors, especially students in colleges and universities, by Mrs. Henry C. Barkhorn, of New ark. N. J., the council’s observer at the United Nations. She said: "It takes so little effort and it mean* so much to them.” Easter Marian Art Exhibit Set At Vatican VATICAN CITY—(NC)—An elab orate exhibit of Marian art during the first 13 centuries of the Chris tian era is slated to be opened here at Ea ster time. The exhibit will be a special feature of the Marian Yeisr proclaimed by His Holiness Pope Pius XII. Word of the exhibit was made known by Father Guy Ferrari, O.S.B, of the Benedictine Arch abbey of St Meinrad. Indiana, who is curator of the Vatican Library’s copy of tI e Princeton Index of Christian Art. The index has con tributed la rgely to the work of preparing lie exhibit by assisting scholars ol the Vatican Library trace pictures of the Blessed Vir gin Mary. The exhibit, which will be lo cated in the Lateral* Museum, will include 1,500 pieces, consist ing both of originals and photo graphic reproductions. The or der and arrangement of the ex hibit will follow the chronology of the life of the Mother of God, Father Ferrari said. A commission preparing the ex hibit which is under the auspices of lhe Marian Year Central Com mittee. consists ot Professor En rico Josi of the Pontifical Insti tute of Archeology, who is direc tor of the t^ateran Museum: Count Giuseppe Dalia Torre, editor of Osservatore Romano. Vatican City daily Father Ferrari: and Fihppo Magi, director of the Vatican Gal leries. The copy of the Princeton Index was contributed to the V atican Ij brary by’ His Eminence Francis Cardinal SpellmarF Archbishop of New York, and was dedicated and opened for use in June. 1952. At the time it was set up here under the direction of Father John H. Harrington, librarian of the Cor rigan Memorial Library at St. Jos eph s Seminary. Dunwoodie, Yonk ers. N.V., the Vatican copy of the index consisted of nearly 100,000 photograph*, and 500.000 catalogue cards. In the past year, as a result ef continuing research work at Princeton University and in the Vatican, 15,000 new cards and 5,000 new photograohs have been added. Another outstanding develop ment, also made possible by Car dinal Spellman, has been th? es tablishment of a bibliographical (enter which provides a medium of collaboration tor various other li braries with the Rome Index. One of the projects already completed by the center is the compilation of a I mon Catalogue of Bibliography for the Index. This catalogue lo cates 80 ner cent of the 5.000 titles necessary for consulting the index Iliesc titles are to be found in li braries in Rome and Florence and in the library of the I Diversity of Vienna. (Complete Guide For Pre-Marriage Courses Planned WASHINGTON (NC)—Bishop Peter W. Bartbolome of St. Cloud, episcopal moderator for the Family Life Bureau of the National Cath olic Welfare Conference, has es tablished a commission of scholars to draw up a guide for marriage preparation courses. Plans for the guide were laid down at the recent meeting of dio cesan Family Life Directors in St. Paul. Minn and called for working up a one-volume guide which would bring together the necessary mater ial for a thorough course adapted to American needs. According to the Family Life Bureau, pre-marriage courses especially* joint courses for engag ed couoles are becoming in creasingly widespread both in par ishes and on a diocese-wide scale, thus relieving pastors of the bur den of giving pre marital instruc tions io individual couples. Conceived as a work covering all fields relating to marriage the pro posed guide is being compiled by a committee drawn from a variety of professions. Among them are Sociologists, psychologists, theolog ian*. economists, medical men and ecclesiastical and civil lawyers. Joseph Eisel, Jr. Auto Painting GA. 4709 476 E. Konuth St. Columbua 6, Ohio Reds May Revise Laws To Up Labor's Morale VIENNA. Austria (NO Hungary and Bulgaria are repc labor laws in an apparent atti workers who have become incr tices and hardships of the Sov Among Hungarian and Bulgarian workers generally, the Red move is interpreted as just “another trick'’ io maintain the communist so-called trade union.-. But well in formed sources here believe that the regimes mean business—that, in fact, they have found it neces sary to ease up on restrictions of one kind or another in order to coax the workers into a better mood. In Hungary, proposed “improve ments” in the existing labor law are being discussed in the widest circles,” The projected new labor law has not yet been published in full, but such fragments as have been made public show that some limitations imposed on the work ers are being relaxed. For example, one new provision stipulates that “in the future, the worker is to have the right to give notice and change his employ ment.” Any worker whose wife (or husband) is employed in a different place is ‘‘guaranteed to have his (or her) notice accepted.” This new concession focuses attention on one of the most glaring injustices of Soviet labor law the forced separation of husbands and wives whenever this is deemed best for the na tional economy. The new labor concession in Hun gary does not seem, however, alto gether satisfactory, because anoth er clause of the projected new* la bor law* says: "If a worker in a new place of employment has been unable to find accommodation for six months or more, he has the right to demand either to be trans ferred back to bis old place of work, or to he released altogether from this particular employment.” If the right to serve notice were truly valid, this clause would not have been necessary. It remains to be seen whether or not some modification of the exi-ting labor law is io be made also in Rumania, where denial of the elementary rights of families to be together has been particular ly cruel. In Transylvania, especially, many Springs Retampered And R«arched Broken Parts Quickly Replaced MA in ISeZ J. J. Puekar COLUMBUS AUTO SPRING CO. SALES SERVICE 5611 We»t Rich Street COLCMRI’S. OHIO Communist authorities in planning to re-write their pt to bolster the morale of singly resentful of the injus way of life. families had a sad Christmas be cause husbands working in one place were not allowed to join wives ordered to work somewhere else, or the other way around. In many cases, the children also were divided—some being with the fa ther, some with the mother. These couples, most of them for mer landowners, have been kept separated for three or four years. Men have risked two years in a forced labor camp by visiting their wives without permission. There is little attempt among the people generally to conceal their resent ment over conditions which the Reds perpetuate solely, it would seem, to keep workers as miserable as possible. TOO LATE TO CLASSIFY CO LI MBUS CHILD CARE Room »nd Board for child. BmI of car*. Memkar of St. James the Less Parish. ■IE. ««4V Help Wanted Rldwly lady deaired as companion far woman in nount’zy home. FR. 4-7441 ??PAINTING?? 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So. herea what yon can do. during Catholic Press Month, to help «prpsd the Catholic view. L.ok around wii. Single out just one of these Catholics—friend, relative or neighbor. Show him this issup of our newspaper. U hen vmi do. point out the kind of news stories and editorials that ton find helpful or interesting. But be sure to gne him this issue to read. In other words, be a salesman during Catholic Press Month—for Catholic literature, for the Catholic view, and for the newspaper you enjoy most.