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—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. Feb 5, 1954 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Meek by The Catholic Time?. Inc. CoIambus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address tn P. 0 Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohm Telephone*: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to P. 0 Box 606. Columbus 16, Ohio This Pacer Printed by Union Labor The Big Come-on Let us at uie outset sa that we have not chang ed our minds about movie censorship in general or about the picture "M” in particular. The movie “M" is appearing on the screens of several Ohio theatres, and is being restricted to adult patronage only. This is a good thing. Children should not be permitted to see it. But this raises a question, this restricted show ing of the film. Wc thought all along that those interested in promoting this film and others like it were dead set against censorship as a violation of freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution. If we remember correctly there were reams of high sounding phrases attacking previous censorship by the State or anyone else, for that matter, as some thing immoral and unlawful. And here wc have the great inconsistency: The very people v ho fought for the wrong thing, i.e. the passing ot this film for unrestricted viewing, are now found doing the very thing they decried with such vehemence. They are restricting, limit ing the rights, il you will, oj a certain number of potential viewers. This inconsistency is difficult to understand at first. Have tl had a cha what can •‘victory” I and decern We car theirs a si The "Adu theatre *h( That the the State Cure- 11 admix* of any himsel he ma the ex he who v Pride than e sight of i we have tion can monly fc is the bu devo of oi ange And th think so. his highly odd action of aing box ot I ice receipts, on the marquee of the remen dous who fought and do the heat ion of th rth of their argument Achicv rom Kral Experts "l^ack oi Religion in I lie Home lied For Delinqency that s the headline on an arlivl carried in th? Current issue of lhe Times and it a »ad commentary indeed on the iamily lite i this country. these book* just don s Iodine see V\ e often wondei just how imuh inmiej moder The aad it .o much trouble, “(it he modern parents uily oi apegoal*, stand my (hild or, it in tor hat pu: It just couldn’t he th up the parents would call guidance -1 he Holy family, it with a lot more prohlmr ent* want Ho- different the pit tmosphe her and child ca God and His a home where day Mass inis remember a said w he Ail Iniormrd Public rue celebration i al not only of dedicated inter ?ain by the in his letter •ess Month many axioms, ,en for granted s which states At first glance ement. Wc are di. We immedi lature that this world a* the sin sin of the causes a man to steal and so to gain something that will raise his status in his own eyes and the eyes of others. A man kills to remove the object of his scorn, usurping rights to which he has no claim—judge and executioner. Even sins of the flesh have in their inception elements of this all pervading pride. Man chooses a passing, finite, materia) pleasure against God’s holy' will, mak ing his own will the norm or canon of his action, assuming offices and prerogatives belonging to God alone. In any sin, man is. in a sense, stealing from God. In medical lore, a “gunshot prescription’’ was one aimed to cure some one with a number of ills, the cause or causes of which remained hidden. Could it be that we have just such a panacea for the ills ot our souls in the practice of humility? Could we find the cure to our besetting sins by deposing the reign of pride in our souls through the practice of the virtue opposed to pride, humil ity? After naming a number of sins, the Holy Ghost, through the mouth of St. Paul, points to their com mon beginning in pride “He who thinks himself to stand take heed lest he fall.” Just Among Ourselves Passing Commant Considered or Inconsiderate Four hundred years ago there was a religious upheaval in Europe. Only now are the full results of that destructive movement to be observed. The Church and religion of Christ were to be. "reform ed.” .Now, it is plainly apparent that for many peo ple. both were simply laid in ruins. Chesterton liked to compare the truths of faith to the stones of an arch, perfectly fitted together. So long as all the stones are in place, the arch is strong and firm and will stand forever. But let a single stone be pulled out of place,—it matters not a whit which stone it is or where it is located in the arch,—and the whole arch tumbles down. The people who set out to reform the hurch merely succeeded in pulling out stones of doctrine, and. in countless souls, they wrought the ruin of a faith and utterly destroyed it. They made no return to form.—and that is what reform means,—but ob literated all form. First of all. the Bible was declared to be the only word of God. Now, indeed, the Bible is the word ot God it is one source of divine revelation, But it is not the only source of this revelation. The Apostles were sent to preach the true religion. Christ did not command them to write, in any re corded utterance, even though some of them were, in tact, to write under divine inspiration. And the Apostles preached lhe true faith, and brought thou sands into the Church before the Bibl® was fully as sembled: indeed betore the New Testament hooks were all composed. Devotion to the Bible as to lhe word ot God 1* 'eqmsite. But devotion to the Bible as the sole and iiifticient source of revelation is a mistake. I hose ho, in lhe usurped name ot retorm. promoted this inguiar devotion seemed to be raising the Bible to i place of supreme eminence. As a fact, now’ htstor cally certain, the* destroyed the Bible. The stone, me out of pl:. e, mi,/ oils no archway. ly (ailed Protestantism, we find a solemn conclave of hundreds of men. who occupy the place of Uhris tian teachers and leaders, finding the Bible only the record of God's dealings with one ancient peo ple. The sole course, as they claimed, ol divine inspiration and revelation, is now proclaimed, in Christian caucus. as no revelation at all Thus has the Bible the one tremendous source of certain ristiln truth in the muids and ia ords of the re mer*. com? to be a book shr?dded and torn nothing divine lelt it1 it. knd thus, those who preach "Bible alone.” come inevitably to lhe position ot preachers oi "Bible an incidental.’’ 'lhe worship of the Bible ends in the neglect of the Bible. The people who try to raise the Bible to a place above its true position, end bv lowering it to a place iar below its true po sition. Those who proclaimed it as God's own word, now declare it a mere useful record of little and local religious activities. It is amusing, or would he, if the whole matter were not calamitous, to find ministers of religion, who balk proudly against an infallible authority divinely established in the world, speaking vyth personal infallibility as they reverse the old re formers' judgement on lhe Bible. Truly, the indi vidual or private judgement in which a man was expected to accept w ith* humility the guidance of the Holy Spirit, has turned into a prideful asserl ivcncss tn whirli every man claims personal lihility. We can see clearly why Arnold Lunn om e wrote, “We neec1 fewer and better popes," for now each man is his o« n pope. Thiis the stone of truth ("the Bible is the word of God”) was torn out of the arch for the declared purpose of making the arch higher and stronger. Rut the arch has tumbled down, and lhe displaced stone becomes, more and more a useless and bur densome object in the hands of the would-be build- This sad result of retorm that is no form is manifest tn other things that came with, or out of, lhe so-called Reformation. For instance, Christ Our Lord ua* looked to as a Being apart from every creature. He who came through one divinely chosen creature to save all human creatures was sternly severed from every creature. The reformers thought to make the Godhead of Christ more manifest bv doing away with all devotion to His Mother. And instead ol making Ills Godhead more manifest they have come final!v to doubt and deny it. And thus the bright year of 1954 can tmd Chris tian ministers seemingly content with spokesmen who are not ashamed to list hrist with Mohammed and oniuems and other "great leadc■r'’ of the past, Ministers in cone la1i? that Christ is not divine. inlal pronounce the dogma The amazing thing is this. Men call themselves Christians, but make nothing of Christ. Men pro fess and undertake the leadership of souls, and yet doubt or deny the true way in which souls are to he led. Is this lack of logic, or lack ot honesty? If a man thinks that Christ is not God. let him frankly abjure the name of Christian. He can't have the thing hoth ways. If a man wants to leach people, and preach to them, what he sincerely, if mistakenly, thinks to he the truth, let him do so on his own authority, and not try to dodge behind the name of Christ whom he essentially denies. If a man think* the Kible is lhe word of God. let him accept and preach that word. The Bible proclaims the truth that Christ is God. If a man thinks the Bthle is not the word of God. but only a record of revelation that is, a history of God’s dealings with a people, let him honestly forego the cant of professing to revere the Bible. It does not seem too harsh to quote here, in view of the agenda and octo of the recent ministerial assembly, the word of Scripture. "They ar? hlind, and leaders of th? blind,” It is time for all Catholics to give humble thanks to God for the light of th? holy faith, and to pray fervently that it may shin? into the souls of manv who now stumble in the dark, trying to follow the leaders who know not where they lead, and to hear teachers who cannot decide what they ar* to teach. & ii II 4SHI!\GTOX LETTER WASHINGTON—There is in interesting .-.peculation here stemming Ironi the so-called Big Four meeting in Berlin. The talks by Ihr* country, their ratifica tion and the effect. It is entire ly natural that an international conference should have some bearing upon an issue of this sori. But the recalcitrance ot the Soviets in Berlin, their anger provoking evasions may have had an influence far out of the or dinary. It is thought here that the So viets may have made it difficult for the debate on the Bricker Amendment, or any early legi* lation dealing with foreign af fairs. to take place in a perfectly normal perspective. Senators, and the general public, can view such legislation in one light when everything is as it should hr EOl is F. HI DIM Plans to mold the thinking of •‘right led unions,” which the communists outlined in great detail in 1953, aye now develop mg. "Fascism'’ as a character istic of current events in the United States rest ricted to the seditious press. It has also crept info the statements of certain prom i n e nt trade union leaders, even in the American federation of Labor. The Daily Worker can refer with great gusto to these thought less exclamations by “right” trade union leaders. On January 15, it could even run a long story quoting an outstand ing conservative trade unionist as savin g: "I not worried about communism. lhe great danger to this country is not communism but fascism It is regrettable that this gen tleman does not understand that he is repealing lhe instructions of Soviet dictator G. M. Malen kov, presented in October 1952 in his report On The Threshold of Communisin. Malenkov then pictured the United States Job To Be Done Efforts Of Big Four Already Felt gled meel that ■i following the path of Hitlei■lie Germany and opposed to his "fascism" of the American Re public "the camp ot peace imd democracy" headed by the Sovi et dictatorship. Irritation at Congressional slowness in amending the Taft Hartley* Act may justify strong statements by American labor leaders it docs not permit the use of communist-coined phrases which will feed communist prop aganda against this country throughout the world. And the chant of the Stalinites, which has built up anti-Amencan senti ntage point acting up conference eting that it is in omenting hate, in cord .and unrest as international strat ng the world in a stale of turmoil. The Berlin mec ed primarily to a: More Than ise Strategy was caIl li pon the scow hag- er the place in which the gs were to be held. When as settled, it still showed of wanting to get down to ,s. It quarreled with the wanted Asia brought in discussions, proposed a ser conference that would ment in many lands, is to the effect that the United Stales has now taken the place of Nazi Germany, a thorough distortion hut one which obtains credence from loose statements by a num her of non communist Ameri- Sovict Feiture The Red effort to win the trade unions also goes directly to the matter oi hours and At tlio \pr\ nininpnf lite regimes are compelled to acknowledge their gross failure in taking care of living condi tions and earnings for workers, the communists arc doing all they can to strike al the Ameri can economy. Their agitation here is "the expose of the bank ruptcy ot American imperial ism. taking advantage of the dissatisfaction ot certain work ers to indict the whole system. As a consequence, there has been a great and new Red dis tribution of the 1951 work on American Imperialism by the Soviet Espionage agent, Victor Perlo. Those who have read Elizabeth Bentley’s testimonv and her informative book. Out of Bondage, will recall Perlo as a member of the spy ring work ing against tjie security of the United States. It is typical of communist contempt for Ameri can opinion that the work of this man is now used as the basis for seducing the American trade unions Denounces Church To clear the way for his thrust at the United States. Perlo has to denounce the Catholic Church, which is the .standard communist technique. This he does by de claring that "the Vatican” in this country and Europe “uses the authority and discipline of the Catholic Church in the at tempt to swing millions of Ca tholic workers to support react ionary and pro war policies. include Red China. And then, just when the Western Powers thought that surely Molotov was ready to talk about Germany, he proposed a world disarma- was a sad thing that nine years Unce the German armistice, one r»f the parties to the \alta con ference should attempt to revive lhe bitterness and cruel hatred 3f those days.’’ Some observers raise the ques tion whether Russia has delib erately acted as it has in Berlin because the Bricker Amendment was before the U.S. Senate. Whatever its motives, however, Russia has permitted its policy of hale Io be revealed in all its stark ugliness. This has not gone unnoticed here. policies which have nothing to do with religion but everything to do with the anti Soviet and anti-socialist campaign of the Vatican.” This Soviet agent does not want the American workers to remain awake to the tact that the persecution of lhe Catholic Church and the destruction of free trade unions have gone hand in hand in every’ Soviet ruled land. U.S. Standard of Living As a spokesman tor that Slave Power vv hich has imprisoned the trade unions in every Soviet dominated country and which has made the workers the slaves ol lhe bureaucracy, Perlo is in a strange position when he writes: "There is a glaring con trast between the immense pro ductive capacity of American industry and agriculture and the meager living standaro of most American workers.” The reply to that is scarcely the common one of citing the American standard of living alone. With the huge corpora tions which have now developed out of American mass produc tion. it is surprising that there have been so few projects (or profit sharing. Frank Winn, director ot public relations ot the United Automobile Workers, seems to he right when he say s: "On the whole, we have found that industrial management is far more opposed to profit shar ing plans as such than the union is." This would not be a bad hour for changing that state of affairs. And those who wish to lend their aid in that direction might con sult the Council of Profit Shar ing Industries, with officers at Akron. Ohio. Profit sharing is more than wise strategy for America. It is also founded on justice and is a means of develop ing the resources of human co operatioa. Inquiry Corner -------------------Father Healey-------------------- Q. What is the story behind the name of the Miraculous Medal? A. Th? design for the medal is said to have been revealed to St. Catherine Laboure, a Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul. The visions of Our Lady’ occurred in 1832 in the chapel of the convent on the Rue du Bac in Paris. Although the devotion to Our Lady connected with this apparition and the medal likely has brought about many mir acles. the name apparently’ is due to the circumstances of its origin. What loos the ancient con nection between pancakes and Shrove Tuesday? A. By Christian tradition the days before Lent were especially dedicated to being shriven and to pre-Lenten celebrations. Shrove Tuesday takes its name from the practice of going to confession at this time. The pancakes, often involved in joy ous festivals and contests were connected with the recreation side of Shrovetide. Pancakes became the traditional dish be cause of the strict fasting ob served during Lent. The eggs and fat which were not to be used during Lent were used up. The return to the use of eggs after Lent is the origin of our association of eggs with Easter celebrations. Q. Is A. J. Cronin, author of “Keys of the Kingdom?" a Ca- A. Yes. Orphaned as a boy he was adopted by his uncle, a priest, and studied medicine at the University’ of Glasgow. He was successful as a doctor and was admitted to membership in the Royal College of Physicians. While there has been some con troversy’ about “The Keys of the Kingdom” apparently it was Doctor Cronin's intention to write a stirring Catholic novel. agazine arti n killed dur 11 War, a Ca s quoted as rdom is ob- a lite is given h. or Christian lot apply to all n the article? A. The article mentions 353 Spaniards whose cause is being promoted. The others may’ or may not have been martyrs, but they cannot be declared so un til there is some definite evi dence that they met the condi tions. To be declared a martyr a person must have died for the Faith. Sufferings and death must have come to him precise ly’ because of his allegiance to \OR HIGGIIXS A Free Press Freedom of the press is so es sential to the democratic way of life that the average American is willing to make allowances for a little ex a e a tion when newspa per publishers editorialize its defense. In stinctively the American peo ple feel that publishers are on the side of angels when they rush into print to safeguard this precious freedom against undue inter ference on the part of govern ment. Freedom of the press in the above sense of the word—the freedom uf publishers to deter mine editorial policy free from unconstitutional government in terference has been complete ly abolished in many countries of the world and radically cur tailed in many others. In the United States, on the other hand, it is well protected by the First Amendment to th? Constitution and is wholeheartedly supported by the overwhelming majority of American citizens. For this we have reason to be very grateful. Some members of the Fourth Estate are dissatisfied, however, with this, the traditional defini tion of freedom of the press, and are now in the process of ex panding the definition to suit lheir own purposes. They prefer a definition which, in effect, would confer upon newspapers and magazines-a privileged legal status not only in the field of editorial policy but also in the field of business and. more spe cifically. in the field of labor management relations. Fallacious Viewpoint Arthur Krock of the New York Tunes, one of the most in fluential reporters and commen tators in the United States, is a representative spokesman for this fallacious point of view’. Speaking at Princeton Universi ty on January 8. Mr. Krock de clared. on his own authority and not a* a representative ol the Times, that freedom of the press is tn greater peril from unions than from government. "1 see no direct threat from government,” he declared, "and no indirect one except in in stances where an editor or his associates lack the courage requi site to their calling.” But as an example of the power of con certed action by organized labor to abridge freedom of the press, Mx. Juock cited last December* Chnst, and he must have accept ed persecution patiently, with out resistance. No doubt a great many were killed under circum stances which makes it impos sible to find out much of their attitude or any details connected with their death. Q. Where is the town of Naz areth? About how many people lived there at the time of Christ? A. Nazareth is situated in a hollow plateau between the hills of Lebanon in lower Gali lee. At the present time it has a population of approximately 20,000. Apparently at the time of Christ it was very much smaller. There is no mention of Nazareth in the Old Testament, in Flavius Josephus or in the Talmud. In the Gospels it is referred to as insignificant: “Can anything good come out of Naz areth?” (John 1:46) At that time it u’as likely confined to the eastern end of the present town, overlooking the valley of Esdraaelon. It is about 484 feet above sea level and has an average temperature of 64 de grees throughout the year. Q. When did monasteries be gin to be organized? What were the different, kinds in the early Church? A. It might be remarked that the monasteries were not organi zed. They grew from the prac tice of Christians who withdrew from the world to devote their lives to God. The eremitical (hermits) monasticism tradi tionally dates from St. Anthony who became the center of atten tion after twenty years of asceti cal living. In 305 A.D. a group of hermits gathered about the saint in the earliest Christian monasticism. About 318 St. Pachomius developed cenobiti cal monasticism (family) in lower Egypt, introducing the common life of the monks. This form soon became the accepted one in Western monasticism, which is largely based on the rule of St. Benedict, developed in the sixth century. Q. Who was St. Monica? A. She was the mother of SL Augustine. Her husband was a pagan and she is noted for her patience with him and with her son who wandered through many by-paths before he was baptized. St. Augustine's “Confessions'* gives a beautiful account of his life and conversion and his love and gratitude for his saintly mother. She died shortly after his conversion in 387 A.D. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey, Th? Inquiry Comer. The Catholic Times Box 636. Columbus (16) Ohio. strike of photo-engravers employ ed by all but one of the principal New York City newspapers. He pointed out that these news papers were forced to suspend publication when employees be longing to other unions refused to cross the picket lines set uy by the striking photoengravers. “The struck newspapers ceased publication,” Mr. Krock said “and thus organized labor wat able to do what government u forbidden to do by the Constitu tion.” Mr. Krock was saying, in el feet, that any union which call' a successful strike against i newspaper and manages to shut it down for the duration of th« controversy is guilty of violat ing freedom of the press. Th implication is that unions should therefore be prohibited from ex ercisiqg the right to strik* against a newspaper. The Wall Street Journal in ar editorial which was published before Mr. Krock delivered his address at Princeton, referred to this as a tortuous definition of freedom of the press, so tortu ous in fact, “as to be rather friv olous.” Worse than that, as the Wall Street Journal continues, it is a highly dangerous concept, which, if it were to be adopted in practice, it w’ould inevitably undermine freedom of the press instead of protecting it. If unions were to be prohibited from striking against a news paper, the rights of their mem bers would have to be protected by an outside agency, which agency would naturally be an instrument of government. The net result of this arrangement, as the Wall Street Journal points out, would be a lessening, rather than an increase, of editorial freedom. For the government, while constitutionally forbidden to interfere directly with free dom of the press, could conceiv ably get around the First Amend ment indirectly by the use of economic sanctions against re calcitrant editors and publishers. Newspaper strikes are admit tedly a great inconvenience to the public, but sometimes they may be necessary to protect the rights of the workers involved. Whether or not the recent strike in New York’was necessary is, of course, a debatable question. We like to think, however, that even Mr. Krock would be willing to admit, on second thought, that compulsory arbitration, for the reasons suggested by the Wall Street Journal, is the worst of the several alternative solutions tn labor-management problem* in the newspaper induttry.