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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, February 05, 1954, Image 4

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Friday. Feb 5, 1954
Published Every Meek by
The Catholic Time?. Inc.
CoIambus. Ohio
NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address tn
P. 0 Box 636 Columbus. Ohio
Executive and Editorial Offices:
246 E Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohm
Telephone*: ADams 5195 ADams 5196
Address all communications for publication
to P. 0 Box 606. Columbus 16, Ohio
This Pacer Printed by Union Labor
The Big Come-on
Let us at uie outset sa that we have not chang
ed our minds about movie censorship in general
or about the picture "M” in particular.
The movie “M" is appearing on the screens of
several Ohio theatres, and is being restricted to
adult patronage only. This is a good thing. Children
should not be permitted to see it.
But this raises a question, this restricted show
ing of the film. Wc thought all along that those
interested in promoting this film and others like
it were dead set against censorship as a violation
of freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution. If we
remember correctly there were reams of high
sounding phrases attacking previous censorship by
the State or anyone else, for that matter, as some
thing immoral and unlawful.
And here wc have the great inconsistency: The
very people v ho fought for the wrong thing, i.e.
the passing ot this film for unrestricted viewing,
are now found doing the very thing they decried
with such vehemence. They are restricting, limit
ing the rights, il you will, oj a certain number of
potential viewers. This inconsistency is difficult to
understand at first.
Have tl
had a cha
what can
•‘victory” I
and decern
We car
theirs a si
The "Adu
theatre *h(
That the
the State
Cure- 11
of any
he ma
the ex
he who v
than e
sight of i
we have
tion can
monly fc
is the bu
of oi
And th
think so.
his highly odd action of
aing box ot I ice receipts,
on the marquee of the
remen dous
who fought
and do the
heat ion of th
rth of their argument
Achicv rom Kral Experts
"l^ack oi Religion in I lie Home lied
For Delinqency that s the headline on an arlivl
carried in th? Current issue of lhe Times and it
a »ad commentary indeed on the iamily lite i
this country.
these book*
just don s
Iodine see
V\ e often wondei just how imuh inmiej moder
The aad
.o much trouble, “(it
he modern parents
uily oi apegoal*,
stand my (hild or,
it in tor
hat pu:
It just couldn’t he th
up the parents would call
guidance -1 he Holy family,
it with a lot more prohlmr
different the pit
her and
child ca
God and His
a home where
day Mass inis
remember a
said w he
Ail Iniormrd Public
rue celebration
i al not only of
dedicated inter
?ain by the
in his letter
•ess Month
many axioms,
,en for granted
s which states
At first glance
ement. Wc are
di. We immedi
lature that
this world
a* the sin
sin of the
causes a man to steal and so to gain something
that will raise his status in his own eyes and the
eyes of others. A man kills to remove the object
of his scorn, usurping rights to which he has no
claim—judge and executioner. Even sins of the
flesh have in their inception elements of this all
pervading pride. Man chooses a passing, finite,
materia) pleasure against God’s holy' will, mak
ing his own will the norm or canon of his action,
assuming offices and prerogatives belonging to
God alone. In any sin, man is. in a sense, stealing
from God.
In medical lore, a “gunshot prescription’’ was
one aimed to cure some one with a number of
ills, the cause or causes of which remained hidden.
Could it be that we have just such a panacea for
the ills ot our souls in the practice of humility?
Could we find the cure to our besetting sins by
deposing the reign of pride in our souls through
the practice of the virtue opposed to pride, humil
ity? After naming a number of sins, the Holy Ghost,
through the mouth of St. Paul, points to their com
mon beginning in pride “He who thinks himself
to stand take heed lest he fall.”
Just Among Ourselves
Passing Commant Considered or Inconsiderate
Four hundred years ago there was a religious
upheaval in Europe. Only now are the full results
of that destructive movement to be observed. The
Church and religion of Christ were to be. "reform
ed.” .Now, it is plainly apparent that for many peo
ple. both were simply laid in ruins.
Chesterton liked to compare the truths of faith
to the stones of an arch, perfectly fitted together.
So long as all the stones are in place, the arch is
strong and firm and will stand forever. But let a
single stone be pulled out of place,—it matters not
a whit which stone it is or where it is located in the
arch,—and the whole arch tumbles down.
The people who set out to reform the hurch
merely succeeded in pulling out stones of doctrine,
and. in countless souls, they wrought the ruin of a
faith and utterly destroyed it. They made no return
to form.—and that is what reform means,—but ob
literated all form.
First of all. the Bible was declared to be the
only word of God. Now, indeed, the Bible is the
word ot God it is one source of divine revelation,
But it is not the only source of this revelation. The
Apostles were sent to preach the true religion.
Christ did not command them to write, in any re
corded utterance, even though some of them were,
in tact, to write under divine inspiration. And the
Apostles preached lhe true faith, and brought thou
sands into the Church before the Bibl® was fully as
sembled: indeed betore the New Testament hooks
were all composed.
Devotion to the Bible as to lhe word ot God 1*
'eqmsite. But devotion to the Bible as the sole and
iiifticient source of revelation is a mistake. I hose
ho, in lhe usurped name ot retorm. promoted this
inguiar devotion seemed to be raising the Bible to
i place of supreme eminence. As a fact, now’ htstor
cally certain, the* destroyed the Bible. The stone,
me out of pl:. e,
oils no archway.
ly (ailed Protestantism, we find a solemn conclave
of hundreds of men. who occupy the place of Uhris
tian teachers and leaders, finding the Bible only
the record of God's dealings with one ancient peo
ple. The sole course, as they claimed, ol divine
inspiration and revelation, is now proclaimed, in
Christian caucus. as no revelation at all Thus has
the Bible the one tremendous source of certain
ristiln truth in the muids and ia ords of the re
mer*. com? to be a book shr?dded and torn
nothing divine lelt it1 it.
knd thus, those who preach "Bible alone.” come
inevitably to lhe position ot preachers oi "Bible
an incidental.’’ 'lhe worship of the Bible ends in
the neglect of the Bible. The people who try to
raise the Bible to a place above its true position,
end bv lowering it to a place iar below its true po
sition. Those who proclaimed it as God's own word,
now declare it a mere useful record of little and
local religious activities.
It is amusing, or would he, if the whole matter
were not calamitous, to find ministers of religion,
who balk proudly against an infallible authority
divinely established in the world, speaking vyth
personal infallibility as they reverse the old re
formers' judgement on lhe Bible. Truly, the indi
vidual or private judgement in which a man was
expected to accept w ith* humility the guidance of
the Holy Spirit, has turned into a prideful asserl
ivcncss tn whirli every man claims personal
lihility. We can see clearly why Arnold Lunn om e
wrote, “We neec1 fewer and better popes," for now
each man is his o« n pope.
Thiis the stone of truth ("the Bible is the word
of God”) was torn out of the arch for the declared
purpose of making the arch higher and stronger.
Rut the arch has tumbled down, and lhe displaced
stone becomes, more and more a useless and bur
densome object in the hands of the would-be build-
This sad result of retorm that is no form is
manifest tn other things that came with, or out of,
lhe so-called Reformation. For instance, Christ Our
Lord ua* looked to as a Being apart from every
creature. He who came through one divinely chosen
creature to save all human creatures was sternly
severed from every creature. The reformers thought
to make the Godhead of Christ more manifest
bv doing away with all devotion to His Mother.
And instead ol making Ills Godhead more manifest
they have come final!v to doubt and deny it.
And thus the bright year of 1954 can tmd Chris
tian ministers seemingly content with spokesmen
who are not ashamed to list hrist with Mohammed
and oniuems and other "great leadc■r'’ of the
past, Ministers in cone la1i?
that Christ is not divine.
pronounce the dogma
The amazing thing is this. Men call themselves
Christians, but make nothing of Christ. Men pro
fess and undertake the leadership of souls, and yet
doubt or deny the true way in which souls are to
he led. Is this lack of logic, or lack ot honesty?
If a man thinks that Christ is not God. let him
frankly abjure the name of Christian. He can't
have the thing hoth ways. If a man wants to
leach people, and preach to them, what he sincerely,
if mistakenly, thinks to he the truth, let him do so
on his own authority, and not try to dodge behind
the name of Christ whom he essentially denies.
If a man think* the Kible is lhe word of God.
let him accept and preach that word. The Bible
proclaims the truth that Christ is God. If a man
thinks the Bthle is not the word of God. but only
a record of revelation that is, a history of God’s
dealings with a people, let him honestly forego
the cant of professing to revere the Bible. It does
not seem too harsh to quote here, in view of the
agenda and octo of the recent ministerial assembly,
the word of Scripture. "They ar? hlind, and leaders
of th? blind,”
It is time for all Catholics to give humble thanks
to God for the light of th? holy faith, and to pray
fervently that it may shin? into the souls of manv
who now stumble in the dark, trying to follow the
leaders who know not where they lead, and to hear
teachers who cannot decide what they ar* to teach.
WASHINGTON—There is in
interesting .-.peculation here
stemming Ironi the so-called Big
Four meeting in Berlin.
The talks
by Ihr* country, their ratifica
tion and the effect. It is entire
ly natural that an international
conference should have some
bearing upon an issue of this
sori. But the recalcitrance ot the
Soviets in Berlin, their anger
provoking evasions may have had
an influence far out of the or
It is thought here that the So
viets may have made it difficult
for the debate on the Bricker
Amendment, or any early legi*
lation dealing with foreign af
fairs. to take place in a perfectly
normal perspective. Senators,
and the general public, can view
such legislation in one light when
everything is as it should hr
EOl is F. HI DIM
Plans to mold the thinking of
•‘right led unions,” which the
communists outlined in great
detail in 1953, aye now develop
mg. "Fascism'’
as a character
istic of current
events in the
United States
rest ricted to
the seditious
press. It has
also crept info
the statements
of certain
prom i n e nt
trade union
leaders, even
in the American federation of
Labor. The Daily Worker can
refer with great gusto to these
thought less exclamations by
“right” trade union leaders.
On January 15, it could even run
a long story quoting an outstand
ing conservative trade unionist
as savin g: "I not worried
about communism. lhe great
danger to this country is not
communism but fascism
It is regrettable that this gen
tleman does not understand that
he is repealing lhe instructions
of Soviet dictator G. M. Malen
kov, presented in October 1952
in his report On The Threshold
of Communisin. Malenkov then
pictured the United States
Job To Be Done
Efforts Of Big Four Already Felt
following the path of Hitlei■lie
Germany and opposed to his
"fascism" of the American Re
public "the camp ot peace imd
democracy" headed by the Sovi
et dictatorship.
Irritation at Congressional
slowness in amending the Taft
Hartley* Act may justify strong
statements by American labor
leaders it docs not permit the
use of communist-coined phrases
which will feed communist prop
aganda against this country
throughout the world. And the
chant of the Stalinites, which
has built up anti-Amencan senti­
ntage point
acting up
eting that it is in
omenting hate, in
cord .and unrest as
international strat
ng the world in a
stale of turmoil.
The Berlin mec
ed primarily to a:
More Than ise Strategy
was caIl
li pon the
scow hag-
er the place in which the
gs were to be held. When
as settled, it still showed
of wanting to get down to
,s. It quarreled with the
wanted Asia brought in
discussions, proposed a
ser conference that would
ment in many lands, is to the
effect that the United Stales
has now taken the place of Nazi
Germany, a thorough distortion
hut one which obtains credence
from loose statements by a num
her of non communist Ameri-
Sovict Feiture
The Red effort to win the
trade unions also goes directly
to the matter oi hours and
At tlio \pr\ nininpnf
lite regimes are compelled to
acknowledge their gross failure
in taking care of living condi
tions and earnings for workers,
the communists arc doing all
they can to strike al the Ameri
can economy. Their agitation
here is "the expose of the bank
ruptcy ot American imperial
ism. taking advantage of the
dissatisfaction ot certain work
ers to indict the whole system.
As a consequence, there has
been a great and new Red dis
tribution of the 1951 work on
American Imperialism by the
Soviet Espionage agent, Victor
Perlo. Those who have read
Elizabeth Bentley’s testimonv
and her informative book. Out
of Bondage, will recall Perlo as
a member of the spy ring work
ing against tjie security of the
United States. It is typical of
communist contempt for Ameri
can opinion that the work of this
man is now used as the basis
for seducing the American trade
Denounces Church
To clear the way for his thrust
at the United States. Perlo has
to denounce the Catholic Church,
which is the .standard communist
technique. This he does by de
claring that "the Vatican” in
this country and Europe “uses
the authority and discipline of
the Catholic Church in the at
tempt to swing millions of Ca
tholic workers to support react
ionary and pro war policies.
include Red China. And then,
just when the Western Powers
thought that surely Molotov was
ready to talk about Germany,
he proposed a world disarma-
was a sad thing that nine years
Unce the German armistice, one
r»f the parties to the \alta con
ference should attempt to revive
lhe bitterness and cruel hatred
3f those days.’’
Some observers raise the ques
tion whether Russia has delib
erately acted as it has in Berlin
because the Bricker Amendment
was before the U.S. Senate.
Whatever its motives, however,
Russia has permitted its policy
of hale Io be revealed in all its
stark ugliness. This has not gone
unnoticed here.
policies which have nothing to
do with religion but everything
to do with the anti Soviet and
anti-socialist campaign of the
This Soviet agent does not
want the American workers to
remain awake to the tact that
the persecution of lhe Catholic
Church and the destruction of
free trade unions have gone
hand in hand in every’ Soviet
ruled land.
U.S. Standard of Living
As a spokesman tor that Slave
Power vv hich has imprisoned the
trade unions in every Soviet
dominated country and which
has made the workers the slaves
ol lhe bureaucracy, Perlo is in
a strange position when he
writes: "There is a glaring con
trast between the immense pro
ductive capacity of American
industry and agriculture and the
meager living standaro of most
American workers.”
The reply to that is scarcely
the common one of citing the
American standard of living
alone. With the huge corpora
tions which have now developed
out of American mass produc
tion. it is surprising that there
have been so few projects (or
profit sharing. Frank Winn,
director ot public relations ot
the United Automobile Workers,
seems to he right when he say s:
"On the whole, we have found
that industrial management is
far more opposed to profit shar
ing plans as such than the union
This would not be a bad hour
for changing that state of affairs.
And those who wish to lend their
aid in that direction might con
sult the Council of Profit Shar
ing Industries, with officers at
Akron. Ohio. Profit sharing is
more than wise strategy for
America. It is also founded on
justice and is a means of develop
ing the resources of human co
Inquiry Corner
-------------------Father Healey--------------------
Q. What is the story behind
the name of the Miraculous
A. Th? design for the medal is
said to have been revealed to
St. Catherine Laboure, a Sister
of Charity of St. Vincent de
Paul. The visions of Our Lady’
occurred in 1832 in the chapel of
the convent on the Rue du Bac
in Paris. Although the devotion
to Our Lady connected with this
apparition and the medal likely
has brought about many mir
acles. the name apparently’ is
due to the circumstances of its
What loos the ancient con
nection between pancakes and
Shrove Tuesday?
A. By Christian tradition the
days before Lent were especially
dedicated to being shriven and
to pre-Lenten celebrations.
Shrove Tuesday takes its name
from the practice of going to
confession at this time. The
pancakes, often involved in joy
ous festivals and contests were
connected with the recreation
side of Shrovetide. Pancakes
became the traditional dish be
cause of the strict fasting ob
served during Lent. The eggs
and fat which were not to be
used during Lent were used up.
The return to the use of eggs
after Lent is the origin of our
association of eggs with Easter
Q. Is A. J. Cronin, author of
“Keys of the Kingdom?" a Ca-
A. Yes. Orphaned as a boy he
was adopted by his uncle, a
priest, and studied medicine at
the University’ of Glasgow. He
was successful as a doctor and
was admitted to membership in
the Royal College of Physicians.
While there has been some con
troversy’ about “The Keys of the
Kingdom” apparently it was
Doctor Cronin's intention to
write a stirring Catholic novel.
agazine arti
n killed dur
11 War, a Ca
s quoted as
rdom is ob-
a lite is given
h. or Christian
lot apply to all
n the article?
A. The article mentions 353
Spaniards whose cause is being
promoted. The others may’ or
may not have been martyrs, but
they cannot be declared so un
til there is some definite evi
dence that they met the condi
tions. To be declared a martyr
a person must have died for the
Faith. Sufferings and death
must have come to him precise
ly’ because of his allegiance to
A Free Press
Freedom of the press is so es
sential to the democratic way of
life that the average American
is willing to make allowances
for a little ex
a e a tion
when newspa
per publishers
its defense. In
stinctively the
American peo
ple feel that
publishers are
on the side of
angels when
they rush into
print to safeguard this precious
freedom against undue inter
ference on the part of govern
Freedom of the press in the
above sense of the word—the
freedom uf publishers to deter
mine editorial policy free from
unconstitutional government in
terference has been complete
ly abolished in many countries
of the world and radically cur
tailed in many others. In the
United States, on the other hand,
it is well protected by the First
Amendment to th? Constitution
and is wholeheartedly supported
by the overwhelming majority
of American citizens. For this we
have reason to be very grateful.
Some members of the Fourth
Estate are dissatisfied, however,
with this, the traditional defini
tion of freedom of the press, and
are now in the process of ex
panding the definition to suit
lheir own purposes. They prefer
a definition which, in effect,
would confer upon newspapers
and magazines-a privileged legal
status not only in the field of
editorial policy but also in the
field of business and. more spe
cifically. in the field of labor
management relations.
Fallacious Viewpoint
Arthur Krock of the New
York Tunes, one of the most in
fluential reporters and commen
tators in the United States, is a
representative spokesman for
this fallacious point of view’.
Speaking at Princeton Universi
ty on January 8. Mr. Krock de
clared. on his own authority and
not a* a representative ol the
Times, that freedom of the press
is tn greater peril from unions
than from government.
"1 see no direct threat from
government,” he declared, "and
no indirect one except in in
stances where an editor or his
associates lack the courage requi
site to their calling.” But as an
example of the power of con
certed action by organized labor
to abridge freedom of the press,
Mx. Juock cited last December*
Chnst, and he must have accept
ed persecution patiently, with
out resistance. No doubt a great
many were killed under circum
stances which makes it impos
sible to find out much of their
attitude or any details connected
with their death.
Q. Where is the town of Naz
areth? About how many people
lived there at the time of Christ?
A. Nazareth is situated in a
hollow plateau between the
hills of Lebanon in lower Gali
lee. At the present time it has
a population of approximately
20,000. Apparently at the time
of Christ it was very much
smaller. There is no mention of
Nazareth in the Old Testament,
in Flavius Josephus or in the
Talmud. In the Gospels it is
referred to as insignificant: “Can
anything good come out of Naz
areth?” (John 1:46) At that
time it u’as likely confined to
the eastern end of the present
town, overlooking the valley of
Esdraaelon. It is about 484 feet
above sea level and has an
average temperature of 64 de
grees throughout the year.
Q. When did monasteries be
gin to be organized? What were
the different, kinds in the early
A. It might be remarked that
the monasteries were not organi
zed. They grew from the prac
tice of Christians who withdrew
from the world to devote their
lives to God. The eremitical
(hermits) monasticism tradi
tionally dates from St. Anthony
who became the center of atten
tion after twenty years of asceti
cal living. In 305 A.D. a group
of hermits gathered about the
saint in the earliest Christian
monasticism. About 318 St.
Pachomius developed cenobiti
cal monasticism (family) in
lower Egypt, introducing the
common life of the monks. This
form soon became the accepted
one in Western monasticism,
which is largely based on the
rule of St. Benedict, developed
in the sixth century.
Q. Who was St. Monica?
A. She was the mother of SL
Augustine. Her husband was a
pagan and she is noted for her
patience with him and with her
son who wandered through many
by-paths before he was baptized.
St. Augustine's “Confessions'*
gives a beautiful account of his
life and conversion and his love
and gratitude for his saintly
mother. She died shortly after
his conversion in 387 A.D.
Send questions to Father Ed
ward F. Healey, Th? Inquiry
Comer. The Catholic Times Box
636. Columbus (16) Ohio.
strike of photo-engravers employ
ed by all but one of the principal
New York City newspapers. He
pointed out that these news
papers were forced to suspend
publication when employees be
longing to other unions refused
to cross the picket lines set uy
by the striking photoengravers.
“The struck newspapers ceased
publication,” Mr. Krock said
“and thus organized labor wat
able to do what government u
forbidden to do by the Constitu
Mr. Krock was saying, in el
feet, that any union which call'
a successful strike against i
newspaper and manages to shut
it down for the duration of th«
controversy is guilty of violat
ing freedom of the press. Th
implication is that unions should
therefore be prohibited from ex
ercisiqg the right to strik*
against a newspaper.
The Wall Street Journal in ar
editorial which was published
before Mr. Krock delivered his
address at Princeton, referred to
this as a tortuous definition of
freedom of the press, so tortu
ous in fact, “as to be rather friv
olous.” Worse than that, as the
Wall Street Journal continues, it
is a highly dangerous concept,
which, if it were to be adopted
in practice, it w’ould inevitably
undermine freedom of the press
instead of protecting it.
If unions were to be prohibited
from striking against a news
paper, the rights of their mem
bers would have to be protected
by an outside agency, which
agency would naturally be an
instrument of government. The
net result of this arrangement,
as the Wall Street Journal points
out, would be a lessening, rather
than an increase, of editorial
freedom. For the government,
while constitutionally forbidden
to interfere directly with free
dom of the press, could conceiv
ably get around the First Amend
ment indirectly by the use of
economic sanctions against re
calcitrant editors and publishers.
Newspaper strikes are admit
tedly a great inconvenience to
the public, but sometimes they
may be necessary to protect the
rights of the workers involved.
Whether or not the recent strike
in New York’was necessary is,
of course, a debatable question.
We like to think, however, that
even Mr. Krock would be willing
to admit, on second thought, that
compulsory arbitration, for the
reasons suggested by the Wall
Street Journal, is the worst of
the several alternative solutions
tn labor-management problem*
in the newspaper induttry.

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