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The Road To
True Peace Leads Through Mary Vol. Ill, No. 19 Guidance Center Idea Catches On Nationally A program for exceptional children, paralleling the Guid ance Center established in the Columbus Diocese last fall, will be adopted bv parochial schools across the nation. Announcement of the new program came this week from Msgr Frederick Hochwalt. sec retary general of the National Catholic Education Association in Washington. The NCEA has set up a new section, under the direc tion of Father William F. Jenks, C.SS.R. of New York, to help put the plan in operation. The Guidance Center in the Columbus Diocese was esablish ed at 246 E. Town St. las* Oct. 1 under the direction of Sister Francois, S.N.D. Since that time 41 boys and 12 girls between the ages of 6 and 18 have been referred to the center for help Of these, Sister Francois noted. 51 could not keep up with their classmates in reading, and eight had speech defects. “At present.” Sister Francois de clared. “the program concerns it self with the child who deviates from the average group in emo tional, social or mental ability to •uch an extent that he cannot British Score Anti-Religious Polish Regime LONDON (NC) Britain's Ambassador in Warsaw has reject ed protests by the Polish regime against British statements denounc ing religious persecution in Poland and has been instructed to repeat the official British views on the subject. Selwyn Lloyd. Minister of State, made this statement in the House of Commons in reply to a question by the Labor Party Member, Dan iel Logan, a Catholic who was largely responsible for the parlia mentary debate on the subject in December. Mr. Logan asked the minister what further action the government had taken to express its abhorrence of the persecution. During the December debate, following the general sympathy aroused by the arrest of Cardinal Wyszynski, Mr. Dodds-Parker, For eign Under-Secretary, spoke for the government. He said: “Ever since the war there has been an attempt by the Polish government to root out the Roman Catholic Church and to ob tain control of what is the last stronghold of Roman Catholicism behind the Iron Curtain.” WASHINGTON (NC) The Congress of th* United States is called upon to express "its pro found condemnation of the arrest and detention by the government of Poland of Stefan Cardinal Wy szynski, Roman Catholic Primate of Poland" under a concurrent resolution introduced by Repre sentative Peter W. Rodino, Jr., of New Jersey. The resolution says the govern ment of Poland is carrying on a program of violence and oppres sion “designed to impair or elim inate the spiritual leadership of the Church.” and such “atrocious acts of persecution in Poland of representatives of the Hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church consti tute a violation of the fundamental human rights, a violation of the h’,rnnn dignity of the individual, a violation of the truth and justice, a violation of the equal rights of man. a violation of freedom of ex pression and a violation of spirit ual principles and precepts.” The resolution would protest “all similar instances of persecu tion” by the Polish regime and calls upon the President of the United States to forward copies to Warsaw and the U.N. the Tht maintain the pace of the ordinary class. As a result, frequently, he is not adjusted to the school situa tion, the home situation, or to both.” Ultimately, the diocesan program of special education will include opportunities for the student of outstanding abilities to develop and enrich himself, and for the ex tremely retarded child to be in stitutionalized in order to receive the necessary constant care. Assisting Sister Francois at the center as volunteers are Mrs. Margaret Reyneau, psychologist, Mrs. Paul Weilbacher, speech therapist, Mrs. Frank Murphy, psychiatric social worker, a doc tor, a dentist, and a psychiatrist as consultants. They work as a team in assisting the child in learning to cope with tht obstacles which stand between his needs and resources. “Presuming his cooperation with Grace.” Sister Francois concluded, “every child can become what God intended him to become.” In Chicago, two panel meetings on the new' NCEA section will be held at the organization’s fifty-first annual convention, scheduled April 19-22. Handicapping conditions have no respect for race, color or creed, the NCEA stated, and the paro chial school system has its quota of exceptional children. The U.S. Of fice of Education has estimated that 12.4 per cent of all children of school age are either physically or mentally handicapped. In his capacity as head of rhe new section. Father Jenks will pier, a program for all exception al children in the parochial school system the mentally re tarded, the slow learners, the speech defective, the blind and partially seeing, the deaf and hard of hearing, the socially mal adjusted, the homebound child, the hospitalized child, end the emotionally disturbed. Also included in Father Jenks’ program will be a plan for the children with lowered vitality, the crippled and the gifted children. The NCEA emphasized that some of these children need special ser vices, others need special classes, and still others need special at tention in regular classes, while all need specially trained teachers not only to instruct them in religion, but also in other elementary and secondary school subjects. -------------o------------------- Columbus Priest Sings Requiem Mass For Sister Father George A. Buchmann, notary of the Diocesan Matrimon ial Tribunal, offered a Requiem High Mass Tuesday for his sister, Sister George Marie, O.S.F. The Mass was sung in Holy Family Con vent, Manitowac. Wis., Mother house of the Franciscian Sisters of Christian Charity. Sister Georgia Marie was killed Feb. 4 in an auto accident at Anti go. Wis. A teacher in a parochial school in Antigo, the nun was en route to visit a sick pupil when the car in which she was riding skidded on icy pavement and col lided head on with another auto. Torn in Delaware, she was the daughter of the late George and Lottie Buchmann. Surviving besides Father Buch mann are an aunt and uncle. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Cyphers, and an other aunt, Mrs. John B. Buch mann. all of Delaware. Burial was on the Holy Family convent grounds at Manitowac. READ Holy Bible CATHOLIC BIBLE WEEK ^FEBRUARY 14-21 1 K A MINK VSPAPER DIVISION CO STATE MUSEUM Catholic News Casts Reach All Time High Catholic news broadcasting on radio and television reached an all time high with the New Year, a survey made in Washington, D.C., has revealed. In more than 45 American and Canadian cities, radio and televi sion listeners now hear Catholic news programs, the survey showed. Catholic news is also heard in for eign countries including the Bel gian Congo, Germany, Australia, Canal Zone, Guam, Vatican City. In Columbus, "The Catholic Timos" broadcasts a weekly Ca tholic news program over radio station WHKC, Saturdays at 6:45 p. m. Catholic diocesan newspapers present the largest number of Ca tholic news programs, the survey showed. Next in line came such Catholic groups as the Knights of Columbus chapters. Holy Name So cieties, and Catholic Information Centers. The generosity of many broad casters in giving public service time for Catholic news has made possible the great strides in pro gramming during the last year, the survey '’isclosed. The increase in Catholic news casting serves to bring knowledge of the Catholic Church, by what it does, to the living rooms of mil lions of Catholics and non-Catho lics everywhere. o------------------- Sunday Marks Beginning Of Bible Week Septuagesima Sunday, Feb. 14, marks the beginning of Catholic Bible Week in the United States. Bishop Ready in a letter to all pastors has urged them to use such an opportunity “for instructing the Faithful on the sublime influence which the Sacred Scriptures have over the lives of men.” “The Word of God.” the Bishop continued, “3s revealed through His inspired writers of the Holy Bible, is the source of our faith and piety.” The Bishop asked that all pastors deliver special sermons on the Bible, reminding the people of the Indulgences granted by Pope Leo XIII for the pious practice of read ing the Scriptures. At the same time, the Sisters in the schools will be asked to incor porate into their Religion classes appropriate material on the Sacred Scriptures. Minister General VATICAN CITY (Radio. NC) The general chapter of the Order of Friars Minor Conventual elect ed here the 113th Minister General since St. Francis of Assisi. He is an Italian. Father Vittorio Costantini. O.F.M. Conv.. 48-year old Provincial of the Province of Umbria, in yhich Assisi is located. Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, February 12, 1954 Watterson School Begins To Take Form A A The Bishop stated that all other pertinent rubrics are to be ob served. “A necessary condition for making use of this indult,” the Bishop continued, “is that some pious exercise be performed in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The exercise should be public, but its exact nature is left to the dis cretion of the Pastor or Chaplain of the church or oratory where the Mass is offered. This indult is valid for five years from the date of its issuance, that is, January 8. 1954.” In closing, the Bishop expressed the hope that “this indult will be a source of increased devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.” A petition for the privilege was made by the Cardinals, Archbish ops and Bishops of the nation last November at their annual meeting in Washington. C. It was for warded to His Holiness Pope Pius U.S. Hierarchy Now Numbers 200 Members WASHINGTON (NC) The United States hierarchy has 200 members for the first time in its history. Bishop Joseph Annabring, soon to be consecrated Bishop of Superior, is the 200th mem ber Having experienced almost a 100 per cent growth in the past 50 years, the U.S. hierarchy is now one of the world’s largest. The hierarchy now’ includes 35 archbishops, four of whom are Cardinals. 165 bishops and one mitred abbot. In addition to mem bers of the hierarchy there are more than 25 native-born or natur alized American prelates serving outside the United States and its territories. Fifty years ago the hierarchy in cluded 111 members, a Cardinal, 15 other archbishops and 95 bishops. At that time there were 90 eccles iastical jurisdictions compared with the present 132. The American hierarchy is ex ceeded in size only by the Italian and in normal times the Chinese. Many members of the Chinese hierarchy, however, were not native born, but missionaries, and most of these have been ex pelled from their Sees by the Reds. Following the United States in size are the hierarchies of Brazil, France, India and Spain. tholic Times Construction of tho $1,000,000 Bishop Watterson High School on Cooke Rd., a block east of High St., is proceeding according to schedule. The Sever-Williams Co., general contractors, already has completed the basement and floor of the north wing (shown above), and is working on the basement walls in the south wing (at left). The project was started last October. The first of the high schools to be financed by the Diocesan Development Drive last summer, the building will provide facilities for 900 boys and girls. Although the entire structure is not scheduled for completion until January, 1955, freshmen will attend classes in the partly-completed building in September. The school will be staffed by Dominican Sisters of St. Mary of the Springs. Special Marian Masses Allowed On First Saturdays Bishop Ready announced this week in a letter to all pastors that one votive Mass of the Immaculate Heart of Mary* may be offered in all churches and oratories of the Diocese on the first Saturday of each month, unless there occurs on that day a Feast that is a double of the I or II class, a privileged Feria, Vigil or Octave, or a Feast, Vigil or Octave of the Blessed Virgin Mary. XII through His Excellency Arch bishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani. Apostolic Delegate to the United States. s------- o------------------- Persecution Of Cardinal Hit By President WASHINGTON (NC) On the fifth anniversary of the imprisonment of His Emin ence Josef Cardinal Mindszen ty, Primate of Hungary, Presi dent Eisenhower termed the action of the communists against the prelate as “an un principled attempt to destroy spiritual and moral influence in that country.” The Chief Executive’s views were detailed in a letter written to Fred eric L. Vorbeck, executive chair man of the United Catholic Organi zations for the Freeing of the Card inal. The President wrote: "Th* unjust nature of th* pro ceedings against Cardinal Mind szenty is, of tours*, well known to th* American people. They regarded the attack on him as a blow against religious freedom in Hungary end an unprincipled attempt to destroy spiritual and moral influences in that country. “The communist assault upon re ligious liberty and leadership in Hungary has failed, however, to turn the Hungarian people from their faith in God The President said the plight of the Cardinal and ol other church men “who have suffered at the hands of the communists, has not been forgotten. The letter con tinued: “The situation continues deeply to concern the people of Hungary and to evoke the sympathy of the free world. Desite the constraints of person and silence imposed on Cardinal Mindszenty and other church leaders by their persecu tors, the spirit of these men has defied confinement by the totali tarian state. “It has become, indeed, a sym bol of faith and freedom for our times.” DISPENSATION By virtue of a special indult granted by the Holy See to the Bishops of the United States, the faithful of the Diocese of Co lumbus are hereby dispensed from the law of abstinence on the civil holiday. Abraham Lin coln’s Birthday, Feb. 12. Those who avail themselves of this dispensation are exhorted in charity to make an offering to works that aid the poor and needy. ROLAND T. WINEL, Chancellor Soviet Tax On Polish Gifts Hit By Solons WASHINGTON— NCSen ator Leverett Saltonstall, of Massachusetts has proposed a resolution condemning the ty rannical action of the Soviet regime in Poland for levying exorbitant taxes on gift pack ages from the United States. Earlier in the week. Senator Paul Douglas of Illinois asked President Eisenhower to halt all imports from communist Poland to retaliate against the “prohibitive taxes.” Senator Douglas also asked At torney General Herbert Brownell to shut down a New York firm, say ing it is an agency set up to send tax-free packages to Poland. The firm buys the goods in Poland which enables the Polish govern ment to get the dollars. According to Senator Douglas, “Americans who place orders with this agency are feeding dollars into a controlled organization which could use those dollars to finance communist activity and groups in this country.” Congressmen Edmund P. Rad men, of New York, introduced a Hous* Resolution condemning the taxing of gift packages from th* United States which forced generous Polish-Americans who previously hed been sending 100,000 packeges a month to Pol and to pay taxes es high as $125 on a dress, $37.50 on a pair of shoes end $75 on a pound of but ter. Th* congressmen, however, said th* proposal of Senator Douglas for a flat embargo on imports from Poland would do great harm to innocent people. Representative Radman quoted with approval an editorial from the Washington Daily News which said: “The greatest tragedy is that there is little or nothing we can do about it. Senator Douglas’ pro posal to boycott Polish goods would not mean much, because we Juy very little of them as it is.” Requiem Mass Is Offered For Sr. Dolores, O.P. A Solemn Requiem Mass was of fered Wednesday for Sister Vin cent Dolores Casnet. O.R., of St. Mary of the Springs, who died Mon day following a long illness. Sister Dolores entered the no vitiate at the Springs in 1923 and was professed in 1925. Her teach ing assignments included St. Wil liams. St. Thomas Braddock and St. Lawrence Schools, all in Pitts burgh. Pa.. Annunciation School in New York City, St. Andrew School. Flushing. Long Island, N. Y., and St. Clair's School, Grosse Pointe. Mich. She returned to St. Mary of the Springs early last fall. Survivors include a brother and sister of Philadelphia, Pa., and a sister of Waynesboro. Va. The funeral Mass w as offered by Fathei L. P. Johnannsen. O.P., chaplain of the Queen of the Holy Rosary Convent. Ossining. N. Y., in the Convent Chapel at the Springs Burial was in the Convent Cemetery by Egan-Ryan. Vatican Paper Takes Issue With Anglican Church Report of the Assembly’s Council on For eign Relations, it made particular mention of Their Eminences Josef Cardinal .Mindszenty of Hungary and Aloysius Cardinal Stepinat of Yugoslavia. In the case of Cardinal Minds zenty, the Vatican paper's Voce ed Echi (Voices and Echoes) column criticized the Anglican report for voicing an “irrational opinion” bas ed upon a spurious “trial.” It said that an opinion founded on the findings of a farce “cannot but run the risk of itself being a farce The Anglican report expressed grudging admiration for the “de fenders of the Faith” in Red Europe, but charged Catholic pre lates there with inviting retaliation by dabbling in politics. “While condemning the cruel farce of the trial of a Church lead er like Cardinal Mindszenty,” the Anglican report said, “one may, at the same time, recognize that his political actions were not always wise or above reproach.” The section of the report to which Osservatore expressed more extensive objections dealt with Cardinal Stepinac. Glossing over Marshal Tito’s treatment of the Do Your Part! Support Your Catholic Timet Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Catholic Prelates Held Partly To Blame For Red Persecution VATICAN CITY (NC) Osservatore Romano, Vatican City daily, took issue here with a Church of England report which charged Catholic prelates in communist Europe with being partly responsible for the anti-religious persecution there because of their “political" activities. The report was slated for submission to the Assembly of the hurch of England (Anglican? which was scheduled to meet in February. Prepared by a member Cardinal and quoting dissident Or thodox opinion that he had been dealt with “extremely leniently,” the report said: “The case of Cardinal Stepinac has caused much ill-feeling in Yu goslavia. I he award to oteninac of a Cardinal’s Hat seemed to everyone in Yugoslavia who was not of his own Faith to be a delib erate challenge flung in the face of the government by the Vatican. In th? opinion of all the Orthodox in Yugoslavia. Cardinal Stepinac has been treated extremely leniently by his government.” Osservator’s reply to this state ment was as tollows: "A serious consideration of the fects does not mitigate the re mark concerning 'a deliberate challenge flung in the face of the government by th* Vatican' by th* conferring of Cardinal'** Hat on Archbishop Stepinac. If it is true that th* metter caused strong resentment in Yugoslavia, it is also true, this being th* case of a defender of the Catho lic Faith as th* report ad mit* such resentment would belong only and inevitably to those of a different religious faith." Noting the contention that Card (Continued on Page 2) I Visits To Churches Dedicated To Mary Gain Special Graces Plenary indulgences may be gained upon visiting any one of 25 Marian churches in the Columbus Diocese during the remainder of the Marian Year, the faithful were reminded this week. The churches where special favors may be obtained were desig nated by Pope Pius XII. AU are dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. According to the papal decree, a plenary indulgence may be gained by the faithful, after confession and Holy Communion, as often as they visit such churches or chapels and pray for the in tentions of the Holy Father, or the feasts of the Blessed Virgin’s Nativity. Annunciation, Seven Sorrows. Assumption and on the closing day of the Marian Year, Dec. 8. 19544. The same favor was granted on the opening day of the Marian Year, Dec. 8, 1953, and the Feast of the Purification. Feb 2. A plenary indulgence can be gained by the faithful, fulfilling the above conditions (confession Communion and prayer for the Pope’s intentions), if they visit these same churches on any Satur day of the Marian Year and as often as they take part in a group pilgrimage to these churches. A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful, fulfilling the above conditions, who devoutly attend any sacred ceremony cele brated in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary. If they attend with only a contrite heart (without confession and Communion) they can gain an indulgence of ten years At any unusual shrine where the Virgin Mary Mother of God is given singular veneration and which generally attracts large and distant pilgrimages this spiritual favor is granted in addtion to those mentioned above. The faithful may gam a plenary indul gence not only on Saturdays, but also on all other days of the Marian Year provided that they have gone to confession and Communion and devoutly visit the shrine and pray for the inten tions of the Supreme Pontiff. Marian churches in the Diocese of Columbus include Holy Rosary. Immaculate Conception, Our Lady of Peace. Our Lady of Victory and St. Mary of Columbus Our Lady of Lourdes. Ada St. Mary, Bremen: Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, Buckeye Lake. O.: St. Mary. Chillicothe St. Mary, Delaware Immaculate Conception, Dennison, St. Mary. Groveport: Immaculate Conception, Kenton St. Mary. Lancaster: Our Mother of Sorrows. Lockbourne St. Mary, Marion Our Lady of Lourdes, Marysville St. Mary. Mattingly Settlement St. Mary. Minerton St. Mary. Portsmouth St. Mary Shawnee St. Mary. Waverly Our Lady of Sorrows. West Ports mouth, and Our Lady of Lourdes. Wills Creek. Students Prepare Catholic Press Programs THE CATHOLIC PRESS ’VES THE CATHOLIC VIE CATHOLIC TIMES THE CATHOLIC TIMES is claiming the special attention of Carleen Sidebothem, Michael Beck ner end Patty Parker, left to right above, a* they study the diocesen paper in preparation for th* Catholic Press Month Program to be given in each of th* three junior English classes of St. Mary High School, Columbus. The three students will review THE CATHOLIC TIMES in their respective Eng lish classes stressing the fact that It should be in every Cetholic home of the diocese. Other students of the English classes will present skits, write parodies, give commercials and hold quiz program* on Catholic magazines, books and newspapers.