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The Road To
True Peace Leads Through Mary Vol. Ill, No. 20 His order was delivered to “ill fed. ill clothed, and ill paid” sol diers entrenched outside the city of Boston where the British had holed in. These soldiers, who had fought courageously to take the city but had been repulsed at Bun ker Hill, now faced a New Eng land vinter's wait, holding Boston in siege American Allies Catholic In his order General Washing ton gave the disgruntled troops a common sense reminder! Amci ica was depending on Catholic allies in its revolt for freedom the most successful campaign against the GENERAL ORDER, NOVEMBER 6, 1775 HEAD QUARTERS, CAMBRIDGE Washington Fought Religious Bigotry In Continental Army Burning Effigy Of Pope Called Ridiculous And Childish Custom CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (NC) The Commander in Chief of American forces today ordered his troops to stop plans to burn the Pope in effigy at traditional Guy Fawkes Day ob servances. He called the custom “ridiculous and childish.” 1'hat’s how this story might have been date-lined and written 178 years ago. The commander in chief was General George Wasuing.on. he had come to Massachusetts from Virginia only five months before to take military command of the seven months-old American Revolution. And General Washington took over the rough, undisciplined troops with a firm hand. When he learned that his soldiers planned to whoop it up November 5. 1775. by burning a “scarecrow” of the Pope, he quickly issued an order. In it, he reminded the men they were fighting “in defence of lib erty.” He called the Guy Fawkes Day plan “so monstrous as not to be suffered or excused” and the officers and men who planned it "void of common sense." which Guy Fawkes, a Catholic, was accused of attempting to blow up the House of Parliament, was false ly interpreted as a Vatican-direct ed plan against England, and re sulted in the death of many Catho lics.) An effigy of the Pope was burned that night on the hills south of Boston. The incident, however, was one of a series that marked a turning point in the position of Catholics in America—long "re garded as the objects of Puritan distrust and their religion con sidered as ‘subversive of so ciety'," according to historian Father Paul J. Foik, C.S.C. Fath er Foik noted that with the Rev olution "the condition of Amer ican Catholics began to improve." Throughout the Revolution. Ca tholic Americans proved their patriotism to such an extent that, years later. President Washington was to write them: “I presume that your fellow citi zens of all denominations will not forget the patriotic part which you took in the accomplishment of our Revolution and the establishment of our government, or the import ant assistance which they received from a nation in which the Roman Catholic faith is professed.” A» the Commander in Chief has been apprized of a design form'd for the observance of that ridiculous and childish custom of burn ing the Effigy of the pope—He cannot help expressing his sur prise that there should be Officers and Soldiers in the army so void of common sense, as not to see the impropriety of such a step at this Juncture at a Time when we are solticiting, and have really obtain'd, the friendship and alliance of the people of Canada, whom we ought on consider as Brethren embarked in the same Cause, The defence and the general liberty of America At such a juncture, and in such Circumstances, to be insulting their religion is so monstrous, as not to be suffered or excused indeed instead of offering the most remote insult, it is our duty to ad dress public thanks to these our Brethren, as to them we are so much indedted for every late happy Success over the common Enemy in Canada. —General Orders, 1775-1776 Paper of George Washington The Library of Congress British had thus lar been conduct ed by Catholic Canadian forces. “It is our duty to address pub lic thanks to these our brethren” rather than “to be insulting their religion.” General Washington said. Records also reveal that more than 38 per cent of the soldiers in Washington's armies were Catholics of either Irish birth or Irish descent. They had join ed in the Revolutioi despite the discriminatory statutes then in force against them. But regardless of these facts and the General's order, a group of Revolutiinary soldiers carried out the Guy Fawkes Day custom which their ancesors had long practiced in memory of England’s notorious “Gun Powder Plot.” (The plot in American Named Prefect Apostolic In N. W. Nigeria CHICAGO (NC) Father Thaddeus Lawton, O.P., a native of Charlestown, Mass., has been named Prefect Apostolic of the newly-created Pretecture Apostolic of Sokoto, in Northwest Nigeria. This is announced in a cablegram from Vatican City received here by Father Edward L. Hughes, O.P., Provincial of the Dominican Fa thers of the Province of St. Albert the Great. The Prefecture of Sokoto, it is reported, is a vast and rathgr un developed territory. Christ The King Parish On TV .Sunday The story of the growth of a typical modern city parish and the many problems encountered by a parish located in a rapidly growing community will be told on WBNS TV Sunday afternoon when Father Thomas Duffy of St. Charles Seminary will interview Father Leo Brehm, pastor of Christ the King parish, Columbus. Pictured above preparing movie sequences for the program are, left to right, Father Brehm, Spike Drugan, photographer, and Father Duffy. When the above picture was taken, movies were made of the activity in the school cafeteria. Other movies were made of the church and classrooms. The television program will be seen at 3:00 p. m. Sunday. It is the first of a series of four pro grams being produced by Father Duffy to tell the story of certain phases of the activity of the Church In Columbus v A Mr, British Bill Would Lejializc Abortions LON1 )N—(NC)—A Bill to legal, ize abortion has been introduced with the support of some sections of the medical and secular press. It has still to be debated in Parlia ment, but its proposals differ only slightly from those in a previous kill-the-baby Bill which was block ed last year after protests from Catholics and non-Catholics. The new Bill, sponsored by Lord Amulree, a doctor, would amend a section of the Offenses Against (he Person Act of 1861 which makes it a crime to administer drugs or use instruments to pro cure abortion. It is now proposed thet no reg istered medical practitioner be found guilty under this act un less it is proved that he assisted the abortion for other reasons than to preserve the life of the mother. The Bill also proposed that no doctor vho procur es an abortion with the con curring opinion of a second doctor is to be be convicted unless it is proved that the act was not done to prevent injury to the body or health of the mother, A court would be allowed to de cide whether a deliberate miscar riage was justified by danger to the health alone—not only to the life—of the mother. His Eminence Bernard Cardinal Griffin, Archbishop of Westmins ter, described the first Bill as “an attempt to legalize the direct kill ing of the innocent unborn.” By the same principle the aged, incur able and even politically undesir able could be exterminated should the state consider them inconven ient or harmful to the nation, the Cardinal said. —---------------o------------------• Socialist Paper Mourns Death Of French Prelate PARIS (NC) ArchbUhop Maurice Dubourg of Besancon. who died (Jan. 31) at the age of 76. was one of two former practicing law yers in the French episcopate. The other is His Eminence Pierre Car dinal Gerlier. Archbishop of Lyons. The late Archbishop, who was or dained in 1900. fought in the first World War as a captain of the in fantry and was decorated with the Legion of Honor. Raised to the episcopate in 1928. he has served as Archbishop of Besancon since 1936 Evidence of the high esteem the Archbishop enjoyed among all classes of the people is seen in an editorial of the socialist newspaper Comtois of Besancon which spoke of him as a "most noble personality." The newspa per said the Archbishop "pre served, to his end, an extraordi nary serenity and died calmly, a true shepherd of a flock of faithful. The atholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, February 19, 1954 Bishops’ Fund Poster Need for a special tutoring for a few children was also pointed out at the meeting. The experiment of sending the boys and girls to parish schools was inaugurated during the 1952 53 school year. Twenty children are Released Time Makes Gains For Churches CINCINNATI (NC) A na tional group of Protestant educa tors was told here that the “releas ed time” programs affording relig ious teaching to public school chil dren during school hours are lead ing more and more youngsters to church affiliation. Edwin L. Shaver, director of weekday religious education for the National Council of Churches, told a meeting of the council's di vision of Christian Education that between two and a half and three million children are being given an hour or more off from school each week to get religious teaching. Earlier, at a press conference, a gathering of church leaders said that studies will be made to find out “how far we can go in seeing that religion is not left out of the public school curriculum.” They estimated about 26,000.000 school children have no formal religious ties. Mr. Shaver told the meeting that of the children taking part in the “released time” programs, about 25 per cent have no formal relig ious affiliation, and that nearly one-third of these are led to a church or synagogue through the program. He said that of the total, over one-half are nominally Prot estant, nearly half are Catholic, and a feu are Jews. _—------------- o-------------------- New Auxiliary Bishop Is Named In Australia SYDNEY, Australia (NC) Msgr. James Carroll, Australia's leading authority on canon law has been appointed Titular Bishop of Atenia and Auxiliary to His Emi nence Norman Cardinal Gilroy, Archbishop of Sydney. Announcement of the appoint ment by His Holiness Pope Pius XII followed the recent nomina tion of Archbishop Eris O'Brien, former Auxiliary to Cardinal Gil roy, to the Archbishopric of Can berra-Goulburn. The Titular See of Atenia was formerly that of Bishop Patrick J. McCormick, rector of the Catholic University of America in Wash ington, who died last year. fit** The eighth annual nation-wide collection for the Bishops' Fund For Victims of War will be taken up in 15,000 Catholic parishes throughout the country on Laetare Sunday, March 28. Shown above inspecting the new campaign posters are Francis Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York (right), end Msgr. Edward E. Swanstrom, Executive Secretary of War Relief Services—N.C.W.C. St. V incent’s School Program Is Termed Highiv Successful A The policy of sending boys and girls from St. Vincent's Orphange to parochial schools in Columbus has proven highly successful. This was the assertion of Father William E. Kappes, dio cesan director ui Hospitals ano Charities, al a meeting of the in stitution’s Advisory Board last Xveek. Father Kappes declared “The benefits of using ihe parish schools are evidenced in a more cheerful attitude ot the children an easing of disciplinary problem* since the children now leave their school problems at the school and their home problems at the institu tion. and a marked increased mt est in study.” "It is our plan," Father Kappes said, "to increase the number of children attending the parish schools until practically all chil dren leave the institution for school." now attending classes in St. Peter, Sacred Heart, Holy Rosary and St. John Schools. At the Advisory Board meeting. Father Kappes disclosed that the Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity of Stella Niagara cared for 153 children last year. Of these, 122 were from parishes in Franklin County. In all. the orphans required 29, 922 total days of care, at a cost of $2.22 per child per day. At the meeting, the Beard dis cussed the problem of finding fos ter homes for four negro children. The group also noted that young men from .Ohio State University had painted all living quarters in the past two years. o------------------president Fr. Slovan’s Talk To Open Critics Forum The seventh annual Critics For um will open at 8.15 p.m. Thurs day with a lecture by Father Ger ard S. Sloyan of Washington. C. Father Sloyan will review Alan Paton’s “Too Late the Phaiarope” and James Michener s “Sayonara” in a talk at the Little Theater of the Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts. The book review will be the first of three to be presented by the International Federation of Cath olic Alumnae. A priest of the Diocese of Tren ton. Father Sloyan has been associ ated with the Department of Relig ious Education at Catholic Univer sity of America since 1950. He is frequently represented in periodicals dealing with theology, scripture and pedagogy, and writes regularly for “America” and “Wor- ... Fr. Gerard S. Sloyan ship.” He is author of a chapter on Thomas Wolfe in “Fifty Years of the American Novel: A Catho lic Appraisal.” and has served as Catholic editorial consultant for a magazine entitled “Religious Edu cation.” The program was arranged by Miss Marie Nerny, chairman of the Critics Forum, and Miss Mary Lor etto Zuber. Mrs. A. A. Eilers. Miss Rose Forquer, Miss Barbara Sugar and Mrs. Roger Swepston, commit tee members. Robert B. Canary will be in charge of Thursday’s program. Tickets are available from mem bers of the Columbus Circle and at the Cathedral Book Shop. 205 E. i Broad St. Faith In Code Reaffirmed Bv Top .Movie Men NEW YORK JNC) Eight top movie executives have declar ed that the fundamental principles of the industry Production Code “are not subject to change with the passage of time.” In a statement issued through the Motion Picture Association of America, the movie chieftains as serted that "no sweeping changes or revisions are necessary for pro viding “superlative, artistic and dramatic entertainment within the normal standards of decency and morality.” But the statement interpreted here as an answer to an industry group which has called for broad changes in the self-regulatory rules adopted in 1930—did not rule out changes in the Code altogether. “Rules and regulations accompany ing the Code and dealing with cus toms and conventions have been changed from time to time in the light of experience,” it said. “The Code is a living document for our guidance.” Significantly absent from the list of signers of the statement was RKO Radio, which was fined $25. 000 for releasing the Legion of Decency-condemned movie “French Line” without a Code seal. In their joint statement, entitled “Decent Entertainment is the Best Entertainment.” the eight produc ing and distributing company ex ecutives declared that they have “a continuing responsibility to the people we serve ... the responsi bility to see that what appears in our pictures is decent and moral— fit for the families of all the world.” And they said that while they “abhor and oppose” governmental censorship as “alien to our basic American traditions of freedom.” they acknowledged a responsibility to see that “the freedom under law which we claim shall not by its abuse descend into license.” Signers of the statement includ ed Nicholas M. Schenck, president of Loews Inc. Barney Balaban. of Paramount Pictures: Spyros Skouras. president of 20th Century-Fox Harry Cohn, presi dent of Columbia Pictures: Albert Warner, vice-president of Warner Brothers Milton Rackmil. pres ident of Universal Pictures: Her bert J. Yates, president of Repub lic Pictures, and S. S. Broidy, pres ident of Allied Artists Productions. -------------------o------------------is Bishop Warns Against Red Union Leaders SILVER CITY. N.M A warn ing against membership in a union “whose leadership and ultimate aims are communistic’ was again given to mine workers here by their Bishop—this time by radio after union leaders had refused to let the Prelate give his views at a union assembly. Bishop Sidney M. Metzger of El Paso told the miners that "if they have been deceived and now actually belong to such a (com munist-led) union they have a ser ious obligation owed to God and country’ to disaffiliate and join an other sound and decent union of their own chpice.” Events here clearly indicated that the Bishop was referring to the United Mine. Mill and Smelter Workers union which has been in volved in labor strife here and whose local leaders have accused the Bishop of being “anti-labor.” Bishop Metzger emphasized that it is “not our purpose to interfere in an industrial dispute between employer and worker There has been no expression of preference on our part of one labor union over another nor do we suggest which labor union the workingmen should join. “But it is our sole and express purpose to warn our workingmen that they must not join a union whose leadership and ultimate aims are communistic.” s I The Bishop said it is a matter of duty to “speak out openly” on the union situation because “our gov ernment has made a thorough in vestigation and proof of actual communist affiliation or at least the acceptance of communist teach ing is officially attested by public record.” Copy Deadline A 11 announcements for publication in The Catholic Tinies must be submitted by Saturday noon preceding publication date. Pontiff Calls Suffering A Blessing From God His Holiness reminded the sick and shut-ins thet although the whole universe for them was delineated by the gloomy lines of their small rooms, under the light of faith the room can recon quer its unbounded dimensions." "Faith certainly will not make you love suffering for its own sake," he said, "but it will make you understand for how many noble ends one can serenely ac cept and even desire illness." “Your sacrifice, united with that of Jesus, will return many sinners to their Father: many infidels will find true faith: many weak Christians will have strength to live fully the doctrine and law of Christ.” Spiritual Founts Calling the sick “precious jew els” and “strong founts of spirit ual energies” the pone told them that “the Vicar of Christ Counts on you to obtain in this blessed year the many and urgent fruits proposed in our small encyclical ’Fulgens Corona for the salva tion of humanity and for the Church herself” A correspondent who contribut ed jokes and puzzles to the youth column published a mere 77 years ago in the Catholic Columbian, the forerunner of The Catholic Times, still exercising his wit in St. Louis, Mo. He is Father Laurence Kenny, S.J., who when he was born on a farm near Zaleski. Ohio, was bap tized immediately because he was so delicate. That was 89 years ago —when President Abraham Lin coln was scanning maps to keep up with the Union troop move ments in the Civil War. Now, Father Kenny is stationed at St. Louis University, having spent 70 years in the Society of Jesus and nearly 54 years as a priest. A scholar of American Catholic history. Father wrote to The Ca tholic Tinies recently on the sub ject of Ohio's name. He thought, and rightfully so, that as Ohioans celebrated the Ses quicentennial they should know that their states name (meaning beautiful river) was first written by Saint Isaac Jogues. the French Jesuit who was martyred by the Iroquois. “Speak of the word ‘Ohio’ with reverence. Father Kenny wrote, be cause “it is a consecrated name.” While Father Kenny undoubted ly would prefer that this article deal at length with his historical proofs, his ow n history is too color ful to be overlooked. For the priest is one of the few men who can relate that he was born in the Lincoln era and who vividly remembers his grandfather who was a lad of 15 when George Washington passed away. Oct. 12, 1864, the day he was born, Father Kenny writes, “my father Thomas Kenny was in Mc Arthur. the county seat, paying $300 in gold to be exempted from service in the Union Army” (a common custom which was consid ered quite proper in those times). He also remembers going to Mass in the new St. Sylvester's in Zaleski, one of the fust Catholic churches in what is now the Co lumbus Diocese, and recalls submit ting material to the youth column in the Catholic Columbian when he was 12 years old. ‘Big Shot* Father Kenny said he was proud to see his voluntary contributions in print, and that his playmates considered him a "big shot.” He also remembers his first Ho ly Communion in 1876 and the day of his Confirmation in 1877. when the surplus of the late Father James J. Slevin, pastor of St. Syl-. Do Your Part! Support Your Catholic Timc» Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year VATICAN CITY (NC) From his own sickroom an ailing Pope urged the sick ot the world to offer their suffer ings “according to all the intentions for which Christ continual ly immolates Himself on altars.” His Holiness Pope Pius XII. who has been ill three weeks, recorded from his bedside the first 500 words of a radio ad dress and the concluding blessing to the sick on the occasion ui the Diocese ot Rome s Marian Year Day for the Sick. His voice, though revealing noticeably the ex tent of his weakness, was clearly recognizable. He left his sickroom Sunday to attend Mass in an adjoining pri vate chapel.. Alter the Pope s personal intro duction, Father Francfisco Pelle grini, Italian Vatican radio speak er. read the rest of the Pope s mes sage, which was transmitted by Vatican Radio. Italian Radio and on several short wave lengths to the world Sunday evening. Pope Pius told his radio audience that he could see mankind's sick suffering on their beds of pain— the young, the old, the resigned, the docile and the rebellious. To the impatient and the rebellious, he recalled Christ on the Cross and the Blessed Virgin beneath “What evil did He ever do? What evil did she do? And so. tor tured soul, oppressed by trouble, listen: Jesus and His Mother suf fered certainly not through their own fault, but voluntarily and in full conformity with divine de sign Have you ever wondered why?” Loving Father The Pontiff reminded tho sick that they had probably tin ned at times thereby meriting eternal punishment and yet they were still living: Even if Christ were punishing them for their faults, he said, they should not rebel for they are not slaves be ing punished by a cruel master but children being corrected by a loving Father. His Holiness also called the at tention of the sick and suffering to the thousands of wonderful souls who have accepted and even desired suffering so that they thereby might join in Christ’s suf ferings for sinners. The message, usually given by the Pope each year at this time, made no reference to the Pope's own illness though some hearers noted in his voice what seemed to be a deep sympathy w’ith the world’s sick such as only the sick can give. Last year the Pope was ill with bronchitis and unable to make the broadcast. One-Time Contributor Racks Lp Record Of 77 Years Of Writing vester’s. was set ablaze by a can dle. Bishop Sylvester Rosecrans, first bishop of Columbus, burned his hand when he ripped off Fa ther Sievin flaming garment. Father Kenny, moreover, looks back on his single visit to Colum bus. That was Aug 8. 1880. when he boarded a railroad train in Za leski and made the tedious trip to the capital for the consecration of Bishop John A. Watterson of St. Joseph Cathedral. Thaf day, he al so found time to visit all of the six Catholic Churches in the city. After graduating from Zaleski School (where he was a member of the first senior class) Father Ken ny attended St. Joseph College in Bardstown. Ky„ and then enrolled for three years at St. Xavier’s Col lege Cincinnati He entered the Jesuit Novitiate at Florissant. Mo., on July 21. 1883. 58 Years At St. Louis U. Fifty-eight of his 70 years as a Jesuit have been spent as a stu dent or teacher of history and reg- Fr. Laurence Kenny istrar at St. Louis University Ha also has taught at reighton Uni versity and the I Diversity of De troit. Father Kenny has written for va rious historical reviews, including an article about the French origin of Gallipolis for the Catholic His torical Review, and for many other publications. From 1910 to 1917 he was the American correspond ent for the Civilta Cattolica, a Jesu it journal published in Rome. Nothing that Father Kenny wrote, however, created more of a sensation than an article in which he said that in his research he had come upon proof that George Washington was conceited to Ca* thohcism on his deathbed.