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The Road To
True Peace Leads Through Mary Vol. Ill, No. 26 Polish Bishop Awaiting ‘Show’ Trial By Reds LONDON (NC) ,An imprisoned Auxiliary Bishop to His Eminence Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski is scheduled for a public “trial” soon in Red Poland, according to information reaching here. Auxiliary Bishop Anton Baraniak of Gniezno was arrest ed by the Polish communist regime last October about the same time that it seized^ Cardinal Wyszynski, the Polish Primate. Since then the Polish state prosecutor’s office has been trying to gather “incriminat ing evidence’’ for a show “trial” of the Bishop. Information reaching here states that the regime is trying to get its “incriminating evidence” from im prisoned priests who formerly worked in the now government operated Catholic Caritas and from jailed members of the Sodality of the Blessed Virgin and Catholic Ac tion. Now 50 years of age. Bishop Baraniak accompanied Cardinal Wyszynski to Rome two and one half years ago when the Primate paid a visit to the Holy See. The Bishop served as the Primate's secretary at the time, a post he had also held with the late Au gust Cardinal Hlond, the former Polish Primate. Bishop Baraniak was consecrat ed in July 1951. Bishop Ready Scholarship Tests Set At Seminary The annual examinations for the Bishop Ready Scholarships to St. Charles Preparatory School will be held next week at the Seminary. Fifteen scholarships are available for those receiving the highest grades in the examination. The scholarships represent one year of full tuition. All eighth graders interested in competing should call EV. 7669 for further details. The examina tions are scheduled for Apr. 9 at 1:00 p. m. Last year, more than 200 eighth graders took the examina tions. The tests will serve as entrance exams for all those planning to attend St. Charles in September. Last day for registration for the fall term is May 1. Following the examinations, the students will be taken on a tour of the buildings and campus. 1800 Will Gray Chapel on the Ohio Wes leyan University campus in Dela ware will be the scene on Sunday, April 25. for the \inth Annual Spring Conference for the Colum bus Diocesan Council of Catholic Women. Bishop Ready will address the assembly during the general meet ing and offer Pontifical Benedic tion in St. Mary Church following the program. Approximately eighteen hundred representatives, from all parish councils and affiliated organiza tions within the twenty-three coun ties which comprise the Diocese of Columbus, are expected to attend the meeting, scheduled to begin at three o’clock. During this Marian Year the Con ference program honors the Moth er of God and provides an opportun ity for all Council members to pay tribute to Mary. The featured speaker will be Sister Mary Janet. S.C.. a member of the Committee on Citizenship at the Catholic Uni versity of America in Washington, DC. After Benediction, a reception will be held in St. Mary School Gymnasium, with Western Deanery Council members serving as host esses. Women of the Diocese have been invited to attend the general meeting and reception accompan ied by their husbands. Miss Mary Louise Black. Presi dent of Western deanery, will wel During the “trial” last fall of Bishop Czeslaw Kaczmarek of Kielce the public prosecutor accus ed Bishop Baraniak of sending abroad intelligence, material and reports to the detriment of the “people’s democracy.” Some reports described the Bish op as having been instrumental in sending abroad the May, 1953, joint memorandum of the Polish Bishops, which accused the regime of a “mad will” to destroy the Catholic Church in Poland. A member of the Society of St. John Bosco. Bishop Baraniak was active in educational work and pro moting vocations to the priesthood before becoming secretary to Car dinal Hlond. -----------------o----------------- Church Attack Is Scored Bv Episcopalian WASHINGTON (NC) Citing attacks some ministers have recent ly made upon the Catholic Church, an Episcopalian theologian warned here against spreading disunity at a time when communism seeks to destroy all religion. The Rev. Dr Charles W. Low ry, the theologian, mentioned the Rev. Dr. Robert J. McCracken, min ister of Riverside Church, New York, and the Very Rev. James A. Pike. Dean of the Episcopal Cathed ral of St. John the Divine in New York. Dr. Lowry told a congregation at the National Presbyterian Church here: “Last Sunday, I chanced to be a worshipper at the Washington (Episcopal) Cathedral. The preach er was Dean Pike, a friend of mine and, it happens, a former pupil. To my consternation he took up the precise refrain of Dr. McCracken in a gratuitous attack upon the Ro man Catholic Church.” Dr. Lowry then quoted Dean Pike as repeating a charge made by Dr. McCracken in a recent attack upon (Continued on Page 2) Attend DCCW The group pictured above will direct the activities for the Diocesan Spring Conference to be held in Delaware, Sunday, Apr. 25. Standing is Mrs. John Hanrahan, hospitality committee chairman seated, left to right are Mrs. John Keefer, reception committee chairman Father William C. O'Brian, V.F., pastor of St. Mary parish, Delaware, and dean of the western deanery Mrs. James G. Parker, decoration committee chairman, and Mrs. George J. Parker, general chairman. come DCCW members and guests. Mrs. George J. Parker, General Chairman of the Conference and President of St. Mary’s Parish Council, has announced the ap pointment of the following com mittee chairmen: publicity, Miss Lyn Doudna: decorations, Mrs. James G. Parker decorations co chairmen. Mrs. Jarvis Stewart and Mrs. Ray Tabler ushers. Mrs. Thomas G. McNamara music, Miss Veronica Basbagill first aid, Mrs. Margaret Brawley and Mrs. R. E. Foley. Assisting Mrs. John Hanrahan as chairman of hospitality are Mrs. Walter Warner, Miss Mary Ma honey, Mrs. W. M. Brown, Mrs. Clarence Warner, Miss Dorothy Hepner, Mrs. Norbert Strohm, Mrs. Margaret Herriot. Mrs. Joseph Hen. ry, Mrs. Frank Piersol, Mrs. Jos eph Fisher, Mrs. William Custer, Mrs. Leonard Hoffman. Mrs. Frank Hepner, Mrs. Edmund- Ferris. Mrs. Thomas O’Keefe, Mrs. Paul Ward, Mrs. Frank Vining. Mrs. Charles Haas, Mrs. Fred Slone. Mrs. Harry Beck. Mrs. Robert A. Parker, Mrs. A. T. Davis, Mrs. Ray Harwood, Miss Ann Wirthman, Miss Patricia Vinning. and Mrs. Francis Fravel. Chairman of the reception is Mrs. John Keefer and committee mem bers are Mrs. George F. Fleshman, Mrs. Larry E. Seidle, Mrs. Henry Wolf, Mrs. Robert E. Parker, Mrs. Bernard A. Lyons. Mrs. James Eberst, Mrs. Sterling Geesman, Miss Mary Gay, Mrs. George Fla- Conference inr JL The St. Charles Seminary choir will lead the procession of the cler gy down the length bf the first floor of the partly completed build ing to the main portico where the ceremonies will take place. Repre sentatives of all high schools and hive, Mrs. Edmund Reinhard. Mrs. Francis Strohm Mrs. Wayne Gub berly, Mrs. Alfred Ransel, Mrs. Fred Dinovo, Mrs. Leo Basbagill, Mrs. John Factor, Miss Helen Han. rahan. Mrs. Edward Flahive, Miss Patricia Foley, Mrs. William Mc Namara. Miss Mary Parker, and Miss Francis Vining. Parish presidents are urged to send in reservations to Mrs. Stan ley Manter. Peachblow Road. D. 4, Delaware. Ohio, by Friday, April 16. Presiding at the meeting will be Mrs. Alexander J. Glockner, pres ident of the Columbus Diocesan Council. Brief inspirational mess ages from each of the five stand ing committees will be presented by the following diocesan chair men: Mrs, Frank H. Vogel, St. Catharine’s parish. Columbus—Re ligious Activities Mrs. Harry K. Thrailkill, St. Colman’s parish, Washington C. H.—Catholic Chari ties Mrs. James E. O’Leary, Im maculate Conception parish, Co lumbus Parent-Teacher Asocia tions Mrs. Robert R. Richards— SS. Simon and Jude parish. West Jefferson- International Relations: and Mrs. John R. Holden, Christ the King parish. Columbus, Social Action. The closing prayer will be offer ed by the Msgr. Roland T. Winel, Chancellor of the Diocese and Spiritual Moderator for the toun- The catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, April 2, 1954 Ordination Class Of 1954 Pictured above are Bishop Ready and the 11 members of the 1954 ordination class. Standing in front of the Blessed Virgin's Altar at St. Joseph Cathedral are front row (I. to r.) Fathers John Fahey, ordained for the Diocese of Tucson, Arizona, and Roland Torer, Anthony Borrelli, Bishop Ready, and Fathers Clarence Durbin, William Rardin and Robert Manning. In the back row (I. to r.) are Fathers Colby Grimes, John Kempf, who was ordained a subdeacon John O'Rourke, Clement Durbin and Francis Miller. Father Rardin was ordained by Bishop Ready in St. Joseph Cathedral last Aug. 22, and Father James Cooney (inset) was ordained Dec. 19 in Rome, where he is pursuing further studies. Cornerstone Ceremony April 11 For Bishop Watterson High The cornerstone of the new Bishop Watterson High School will be blessed and set in place by Bishop Ready. Sun day afternoon, Apr. 11. in ceremonies which will begin at 4:00 o'clock. The site of the school is on Cooke Road, one block east of North High Street. Costing $1,000,000 the new diocesan building represents the first fruits of the Development Fund campaign which was organized one year ago. Although it is not scheduled for completion until Jan. 1, 1955. Watterson High School will go into operation in September w'ith an anticipated en rollment of 200 ninth grade pupils in order to accommodate the rapid ly increasing number of elementary school graduates. elementary schools in the city will be present for the ceremony. Laymen's Committee Under the direction of Mr. Leo Hall the combined Parochial Grade School Band will play the National Anthem while the Boy Scout troop of Immaculate Conception Pan.-t, raises the flag. Bishop Ready, assisted by Rev. Earl Holtzapfel, pastor of St. Au gustine Parish, and Rev. John Byrne, pastor of St. Michael Par ish, will then bless and set in place the cornerstone. Occupying places of special hon or on the platform for the occasion will be the 40 members of Lay mens Advisory Board headed by E. Faber Biggert, general chairman, and the 37 parish chairmen who spearheaded the drive for funds for the new building. Copper Repository Sealed in the heart of the corner stone will be a copper repository containing numerous items of re ligious and historical significance. Pictures of the reigning Pontiff. Pius XII, Blessed Pius X, for whom the school chapel is named. Bishop Watterson, Bishop Ready, President Eisenhower and Governor Lausche will be included. Front pages of several issues of the Catholic Times and the current local daily newspapers will be in serted for posterity as well as ar ticles describing the sacrifices of Catholics in Columbus who made the building possible. A special copy of the Marian Year prayer and medal will be in cluded. as will the customary piec es of new’ currency. All of these articles will be placed in the cop per box and sealed in the corner stone shortly before it is blessed and set into place. Special Choir A choir of children from sev eral of the northend parishes has been organized to provide special music for this historic occasion. Children from the following parish schools are taking part: Immacu (Continued on Page 2) U.S. Hai- No Plans. To Fill \atican Post, Dulles* Sav* WASHINGTON—(NC) Secre tary of State John Foster Dulles said at his news conference that the United States has no plans at the present time to send a full fledged ambassador or presidential'' envoy to the Vatican. He made this statement in response to a ques tion, and did not elaborate. Sr. Carista Drath Ends 54 Years Of ork For rphans Sister Mary Ca'rista's 54 years ol service at St. Vincent's Orphanage, during which she helped care for nearly 9000 hoys and girls, came to an end last week. The German-horn Franciscan nun died Mar. 26. two days after she had marked her 77th birthday. Sister Carista was still a novice in the Sisters of St. Francis of Pen ance and Christian Charity when she came to the St. Vincent's in 1900. She remained at the orphan age during her entire religious life. In point of service, she was the oldest nun at the E. Main St. in stitution. and according to Mother Ida. superior at the orphanage, no other sister in the religious order had ever been stationed at one place for as long a time. At St. Vincent's, Sister Carista supervised teenaged boys in the care of the vegetable garden, cook ed, sewed, and performed many tasks for the children. In the early years before the institution had running water throughout, she would carry buckets of water from the basement to the fourth floor in order to bathe the children. She had been in tailing health for the past two years and her du ties were limited to taking care of the flowers on the orphanage grounds. Bishop Ready, who gave the ser mon at the Solemn Requiem Mass at the orphanage chapel Monday, praised the Sister for her humble life and for not seeking the ap plause of men in her service of God. He said the Columbus Diocese and St Vincent’s Orphanage owed her a great debt of gratitude for her 54 years of service. Celebrant of the Mass was Fa ther William E. Kappes. director of Hospitals and Charities. Father Albert Culliton and Father Robert Harwick served as deacon and sub deacon respectively. Chaplains to the bishop were Msgr. Herman E. Mattingly and Msgr. Francis Schwendeman. Father I^awrence Corcoran and Msgr. Roland Winel were masters of ceremonies. Present at the Mass was Mother Gonzaga, of Stella Niagara. N.Y., provincial of the Eastern Province of the Order. o----------------- Australia Names Minister To Italy SYDNEY (NC) Dominic P. McGuire, distinguished Australian Catholic, and internationally known as an author and lecturer, has been appointed Australian minister to Italy. Last year Mr. McGuire was ap nointed Australian Ambassador to Ireland, but the appointment was subsequently cancelled because the two governments could not agree on his credentials. Application Week Set At Diocesan Seminary Graduates of High School who feel that they are called to serve God in His holy priesthood, and to labor in the Diocese of Columbus should make application during the week of Apr. 25-May 1 through their respective pastors, for admission to the Diocesan Seminary of St. Charles, 2010 E. Broad St., Columbus 9. Ohio. Each applicant will be assigned a time for interview. It is important that application be made without delay. Young men who are in the senior class in high school should not wait for their day of graduation to apply. For those under financial difficulties, scholarships are avail able: arrangements for such scholarships are to be made by the pas tor of the applicant, who will take up the matter directly with the Most Reverend Bishop. No young man who feels called to the priesthood, or who thinks that he may have a priestly vocation although he is not of decided mind, is to be denied the full opportunity of seminary training. Nor should such a young man fail to heed the divine invitation, or show remissness in following where it may lead. He should see his pas tor at once, and make application for admission to St. Charles. K Of Council To Be Formed On East Side A new Knights of Columbus Council—the fourth in Columbus— will be organized on the East Side next week. Announcing plans for the new unit. District Deputy Paul J. Lynch said the first meeting will be held at 8 p.m Thursday in the Holy Spirit School Hall, 4383 E. Broad St. Present will be the officers from the state council and district who will give the history and purpose of the Knights and the program under which they operate. A tempo rary chairman and financial secre tary will be elected at the session When the unit has at least 40 members. Lynch said, application for a charter will be made with the Supreme Council New Haven, Conn. Once the charter is granted, members will choose a name for the council and elect permanent of ficers. Primarily, the new organization will serve St. Gabriel. Holy Spirit, Christ the King. St. Thomas, St. Catharine, Holy Rosary and Corpus Christi Parishes. Catholic men from other parislves, however, are in vited to attend the session. The council will be the second one to be organized in Columbus in the past seven months. Assump tion Council, No. 3727, which has headquarters at 60 Dominion Blvd., was organized Oct. 18 for men in the North Side parishes. Lynch said the formation of a new unit is in line with the Su preme Council’s plan of establish ing suburban councils in the metro politan fringe areas, and moving out with the Church to serve on a wider scale. Although this expan sion program is aimed primarily at securing new membership, all for mer Knights are invited to again become active in the group. At present there are approxi mately 1600 Knights in the Assump tion Council. Council No. 400 at Sixth and State Sts. and Santa Maria Council No. 2898 at 25964 W. Broad St. In all, there are 159 councils in Ohio. -----------------o---------------- Urges Profession Of Faith By All WASHINGTON—(NC)—Faith in the current day should be positive rather than negative, according to Federal Communications Commis sioner Robert E. Lee Speaking of the National Council of Catholic Men's “Faith in our Time” series over the Mutual radio network, the newest member of the FCC declared that “if men ot all nations publicly professed their faith in the wisdom and guidance of a Supreme Being perhaps the world might come closer to the tranquility that has thus far eluded us.” Rosai Two Catholic High School stu dents have taken top honors in the state "Employ the physically Handicapped” essay contest. Mary Ann Quigley, a senior at Rosary High School, Columbus, won first prize and received her award of a S150 savings bond from Governor Frank J. Lausche, last week. Second place winner was Dolores Gombert, a senior at Julienne High School. Dayton. She was awarded a $75 bond. Third place winner was Mary Elizabeth Ewing, of Madison Local High School, Mansfield. She received an award of a $25 bond. Miss Quigley s essay was adjudg ed the best of 1200 essays submit ted by Ohio high school juniors and seniors on the topic—"The Physically Handicapped —Compet ent asd Dependable Workers.” The contest was carried on as part of the activities of the Ohio Inter Agency Committee for the physical ly handicapped, and is an annual event in the promotion of a na tional program for employment of the physically handicapped. Winning prizes is getting to be “old hat” for Miss Quigley. She was already won district and state schoi. arship honors in English, and only last year won second place in the Franklin County’s “1 Speak for Democracy” program. She is plan ning on a teaching career after graduation from college. The State Association ot Moose for the third consecutive year do nated the savings-bond prizes. Judges of the state contest were Wilfred Eberhart. Professor of Ed ucation at Ohio State University Albert G. Giles, research attorney, Ohio Legislation Service Commis sion, and Benjamin Townley Spen- on Protestant ‘Convert’ Claims Called ‘Totally Unconvincing’ By Two Catholic U. Experts The Christian Herald's claim is based on a questionnaire “sent to Passion Sunday Set As Special Day Of Prayer Catholics throughout the U.S. will spend a day in prayer for the “Church of Silence on Passion Sunday i April 41. Bishops across the nation have a»ked the faithful to pray for the persecuted land behind the Iron Curtain that day. a- requested by the Vatican Marian Year Committee. In rural and city Churches spe cial Masses will be offered for the Cardinals. Archbishops Bishops, priests, religious, and lav people who have suffered and are still sufieiinji for the faith Exposition ot the Blessed Sacra ment will be held many parish es with special prayers, and Bish ops have urged the taithful to re ceive Holy Communion on that day for the spiritual and temporal wel fare of the persecuted. Cong re--men Prayers For People In Red Orbit WASHINGTON (NC) The House passed a resolution urging churches and synagogues to offer special prayers on April 18—East Sunday and also the first day of the Passover for the 'deliver ance'' of communist dominated peo. pies who are denied freedom of worship. The resolution was sent to the Senate. Do Catholic Senior’s Essav Best Price Tan Cants $3.00 A Year Article In Christian Herald Result of Hopeless Sampling The authors of the following article are members of the faculty of the Catholic University of America, Washington, D. C. Dr. Furfey is popularly known throughout the country as an eminent sociologist. Among scholars, however, he is also known as a top-notch statistical analyst and an authority on opinion-sampling. Dr. Mulvaney has recently concentrated on the study of Catholic population statistics tn the United States, and is one of the highest authorities in this field at the present time. By Rev. Paul Hanly Furfey and Rev. Bernard G. Mulvaney, C.S.V. (Written for N.C.W.C. News Service) The claim made bv the Christian Herald that more than 4.000.000 Catholics have joined Protestant churches in the past 10 years is totally unconvincing, both because the evidence because the claim contradicts presented is inadequate and known facts. The Christian Herald, an inter denominational magazine promot ing evangelical Christianity, cur rently carries an article, based on a survey, which claims that 4 144. 366 Catholics were "converted to Protestantism in the last 10 years. The article seeks to prove that, be cause 1,071,897 Protestants are re ported to have entered the Catholic Church in the last decade, one must not assume that the traffic in “con versions was “all one-way”. The article says that, even allowing for error, the figure on Catholic-to Protestant change "could hardly be less than two or three millions and in all probability runs closer to five millions.” 25,000“ Protestant ministers in 23 cities, out of the 181,000 Protestant ministers in all parts of the United States Of those 25,000 to whom the questionnaire was sent, only 2,219 replied, which is a rather low proportion of respondents. The method by which the questionnaire replies were statistically analyzed is not altogether clear. Mention is made of “a projection to the total number of church-serving pastors in the United States." Apparently this means that if the number of replies equalled, say one per cent of the total of “church-serving pas tors" in the country, then the number of “converts" claimed on those replies was multiplied by about 100 to estimate the total number of Catholic-Protestant “converts" in the last 10 years. By some such melhod, it seems an es timate of 4,144,366 was reached. To get valid results by a mail questionnaire is difficult. First, it would have to be proved, in the present case, that the 25.000 minis ters who were -ent questionnaires weie typical ot the 181.000 minis ters in the country Secondly', it would have to be proved that those who actually replied were typical of the 25.000 who were questioned. No evidence is given that either of these requirements v as met by the survey. It has been the constant experience of social scientists us ing mail questionnaires that those who have favorable information to report reply in disproportionately high numbers. One needs to be nonexpert to see much wrong with the survey under consideration. It was conducted in such a way as to violate some of the basic norms of polling, and its results are reported in a grossly misleading manner. Catholics, who welcome such surveys, will join in the regrets that this one went awry. 'Loaded' Questionnaire The questionnaire cites early the report that 100.000 Protestants were converted to Catholicism in each of seven consecutive years, and expresses "the suspicion of many of us that the predomination of traffic iin conversions) is in fact in the Cathoiic-to-Protestant direc tion Then the minister is asked to give the number of Roman Cath olics he has received into "the fel lov -hip of youi church’ during the last 10 years. Naturally, few report (Continued on Page 3) Governor Frank J. Lausche congratulates the two parochial students who took top honors in the state-wide employ the handi capped essay contest. At left is Magilyn Quigley, a senior at Rosary High School, first place winner. At right is Dolores Gombert, a senior at Julienne High School, Dayton, second place winner. cer. Department of English, Ohio Wesleyan University. Ohios state winner last year, L. Eugene Arnold, a student at Rose crans High School, Zanesville, wenv to win the national contest, irt MB I w I w Ftf which the top winnei of the 1954 contest will be automatically en tered. Winner of the national contest wull receive a $1000 bond and tri to Washington, DC.