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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday, Apr, 2. 1954 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Tunes. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address tn P. 0. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address al] communication* for publication to P. 0 Box 636. Columbus 16, Ohio This Paper Printed by Union Labor Home Thoughts Or The Lack Of Them “No good American family should honestly have to be ashamed of its home”. President Eisenhower stated to Congress last January. He followed this self-evident principle with a request tor legislation providing for 140.000 units of public housing, at a rate of 35.000 per yeai foi four years. Last week the House Appropriations Committee recommended that 20.000 be started in 1954 and 15.000 in 1955, with the program to end there. As we go to press we have just read the House Rules Committee overrode this recommendation, and eliminated even the 33.000 units. Even these would have been only a drop in the bucket since a conservative estimate places the need for public housing units for low income families at 100.000 per year tor a number of years. We can now place the wreath on the tomb of public housing. It is dead and buried for years, if not forever. This will bring mixed reactions, joy from some and grief from others, for this question a controversial one. The end of public housing to meet future needs does not mean that we no longer have a housing problem. What is the problem? The family of four living in one room can tell you (an actual situs tion). The family of six which slept in an automo bile for ten days while looking for a place to live can tell you. The family of five which lives in a hovel with only the bare earth for a floor can tell you. So can the teen age girl whose home was so poor that 'he was ashamed to bring her friends into it and who was arrested recently for theft. All these are actual situations within a 25 mile radius of Columbus and could he multiplied end lessly. The problem is still with us. Worse than the housing problem, however, if the widespread apathy towards it. Those who suffer from the lack of housing for low-income families are almost powerless to help themselves. Those who don't need housing just don't seem to care about those who do. They don’t seem to be able to see that their ill-housed neighbor is another Christ, who also can say with divine simplicity: "The birds of the air have their nests, and the foxes their holes, hut the Son of Man hath not whereon to lay His head.” Nor do they liken families without decent housing to the Holy Family which had to seek shelter in a stable, "became there was no room for them the inn.” We can wax eloquent over the need of promot ing good home life, and the need of preventing juvenile delinquency. We only pay lip service, however, io the promotion of decent housing. How much longer will it be until our wisdom, our social conscience and our Christian Charity prompt us io become interested and active in making sure that “No Good American family should honestly have to be ashamed of its home?” A (.all To Action! The action of the New York Board of Censors tn rejecting the movie "LaRonde” was the partial occasion for the ruling of the Supreme Court of the United States that the words ’immoral” and “intending to incite tn crime’’ were too vague to be used to ban a motion picture from public ■how ing New York, therefore, was forced to pass this picture and release it for public viewing. That was the handwriting on the wall. We in Ohio have just been waiting until what we knew as inevitable should happen here. And now it has happened Dr. Clyde Hissong. Director of the Ohio Board of Censors, whose appointed duty it is to help safe guard the morals of Ohio’s communities by passing on the fitness of the film-fare brought mtn the State, has regretfully had to pass "LaRonde tor public viewing throughout the State. In making his announcement of the forthcoming release of this picture. Dr Hissong noted that “in conforming with lhe decision of the United States Supreme Court in reversing the decision of the New York Board of Censors, there appears to be no other alternative except to release the picture “LaRonde” for general exhibition in Ohio.” “This picture.” Dr. Hissong points out, "has nothing to recommend it from an educational or entertainment point of view. It deal* with human relations on a purely sexual basis with a constant recurrence of scenes on the prostitution level.” This is the type of picture that is going to be shown in theatres throughout Ohio, theatres where your children can be contaminated, unless YO( act now. !et even interested person and who cannot be in this instance, phone, or much better still, write to the managers of whatever movie house* propose to show this film and let them know definitely that the showing of this film will be highly' resented, and that if it is shown the pledge of the National Izgion of Decency demands that such a movie and the house that shows it he avoided And let them know that they will be avoided for a long time to come'. A Crusade Of The Suffering Father fabfkr once w rote that "sacrifice is peculiarly the hristian element of holiness and it is precisely the element which corrupt nature dis likes and rest Oui fallen natures do reais! and try at all costs to avoid sufteryig—and yet it is a commodity of great worth in the spiritual life Sunday, the (hurch begins the solemn season of Passiontide. She presents to us the picture of Christ and His 1’assion. Hi unspeaka Me sufferings— and uhat they gained foi us. This is the all-embracinji and final proof of the value of »uffering A nd vet, u seldom trans late this lesson into our ci wn lives. I'o place a posi live value on suffering for one s self let alone for others, is a hard lum for mode rn* tn swallow The Church teaches that suffering does have a place and a valuable place, in the lives of mod erns. The Church tells us that some souls are won by kindnest and good example. Some are brought to the light of Faith by prayer.. Rut many souls, she teaches us. receive the graces of conversion only by the sufferings of others endured with love for them. While the world says evil men ought to suffer, the Cross of Calvary proves that the good must suffer for the bad. This truth is not an anesthetic, tf does not erase pain, but rt certainly makes it un derstandable. precious and even desired. To speak of “wasted pain” is to speak of some thing highly unintelligible to the world today. But the Church speaks of pain unwillingly borne and undirected in just that way. Joined to the suf ferings of Christ our hurts become the tender for purchasing great graces for men. During the coming season of Passiontide, the office of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith in Columbus will try to bring this message to every sick person and every shut-in throughout the Diocese. A pamphlet w ill be distributed, telling of the "price tage on every soul.” This leaflet, written by Bishop Fulton Sheen, explains the missionary value of the offering of their sufferings by the sick, disabled and shut-ins generally. The Propagation Office has arranged to have the pamphlet distributed by the sisters and nurses in all Catholic hospitals and in many of the rest homes throughout the Diocese. To draw this mission crusade to attention of all, a poster will be displayed in all the hospitals in scribed: “Hunger of Soul in the East. Hunger of Soul the West—Offer Your Suffering that Both May Re Fed In Christ.” Some pain, at least, is the common heritage of almost every human being on earth. Let us make the intention now, that when pain does come we will bear it willingly and joyfully, realizing that it is paying the price of something money could never buy. Just Among Ourselves Passing Comment Considered er Inconsiderate A well known and deservedly popular Daily Mis sal has recently appeared in a recast form‘which may,—and should,—cut heavily into its popularity. The copy we saw is a magnificent piece of book binding, and indeed of book-making in the material meaning of the phrase. It. is bound in fine leather, and is printed on expensive India paper, and sells tor no less than sixteen dollars. Yet this splendid volume is, in its English parts, sprinkled all over with absurd mistakes in syllabication. Manifestly, the type was set by some European who knows nothing of the manner which words of our language are divided. Within the compass of a few pages you may find four or five divisions of monosyllables into two parts. It is distracting, to say the least, to find the word "come” printed with "co” at the end of one line and "me” at the begin ning of the next a hyphen is used, of course. In the same manner, “wife” is divided into "wi-” and “fe” "love” is divided “lo-” and “ve” "have” is presented as "ha and "ve.” What can the publishers have been thinking of to permit this intolerable thing to happen? The book is blistered throughout with the error of divid ing syllable-, and making two syllables out of one syllabled words. The typesetter was at fault, the proof-reader was at fault, and the publisher was at fault, in allowing ,'iich amazing mistakes to occur. And certainly the publisher is still more deeply at fault in giving these mistakes the permanence and finality of appearing in a finished volume, done up handsomely and offered at fancy prices. We might expect to find such "howlers” as these in the compositions of schoolboys who are just learning to spell and to put words together in sent ences. We certainly do not expect to find, and we have every right to be indignant at finding them, tn a liturgical book that should present its contents wjth dignity and correctness to every reader.' The mistakes are unintelligent, unworthy, and offensive. Further, they indicate, on the part of the publisher, a brazen indifference to the min imal demand* of his craft as well as to the feel ings of the people who are asked to buy the hook. An old-time printer had to know the rules of ay Habitation, and to observe them otherw ise, he would quickly find himself out of employment. If. as might happen on the rarest occasion,—he were in doubt, he would look up the matter in a diction ary and make sure of his divisions before setting them in type. Proof-reader and editor too were on the alert, for a badly divided word is even more offensive than a misspelled word. And the old-timer had a much more demanding mb than hts modern counterpart. He had to “jus tify” each line by hand, that is, insert or ex tract spacings here and there throughout the line to make it come out exactly even at the right hand margin. Today, typesetting or typecasting machines "justify” a line at the touch of a key or lever. Perhaps the advance of mechanical invention has worked to bad effect in making the typesetter careless about the fine points of knowledge he should possess it may be that his machine is so highly perfected that he lets it carry full, or nearly full, responsibility for correct output. Similarly the modern office man, even if he be a C.P.A., need no longer be a swift and accurate manipulator of fig ures he lets the computing machine do his work. Rut no machine has been invented thus far which will guarantee to the operator the division of a word into its correct syllables. If the operator doesn’t know how to divide a word, the machine cannot help him. Our American printers, in the main, are still reliable workmen they know their job, and even the latest gadgetry cannot take all that is personal and human out of their task. Now and again, and notably in ephemeral college publications, there are crass blunders in the division of syllables wr come upon such unconscionable atrocities as “learn-” and “ed” for the past tense of the verb "to learn.” or of "cal and "led” (or lhe monosyllable "called One triumphant scholastic achievement is "thr-” and "ough” for "through.” But such blunders are very far from common. Our magazines and our daily papers are usually meticulously exact in observing the rules of syllabi cation. They even avoid the correct but unsightly division which would let a single vowel with ap pended hyphen stand at the end of a line. And book publishers are customarily more careful in this matter than the printers of less enduring works. The internal evidence in the case assures us that the Daily Missal of which we speak here was set up by a European. To him a vowel means a syllable He would pronounce “come” in two syll ables as “kum-meh” and hence has no hesitance dividing the printed word accordingly. But why, in the name of sanity, would a publisher who hopes to sell the books to English speaking people allow Europeans unfamiliar with our language do all the work—setting type, editing, proofing1’ The thing is inconceivable' And yet it is dismaying fait. We may find a slight amusement in hearing that a neu ly arrived European calls ice-cream "eesa-kree ahm,” and ginger-ale "ghing-gher-alley.” Rut we as sume the Victorian attitude when such absurdities crop up in a printed hnok at sixteen dollars we are not amused. Well, the thing is done. The book has been printed. It is on the market. Beyond question, thou sands of copies are, at this minute, displayed for sale throughout America. If every purchaser would take the trouble to send to the publisher a stern demand to know what he means by it, he would not bring out such a book again. Or, if he did, he would be stuck With it. LU LU or o W 4SHIXLTOX LETTER WASHLNGTON A very high Government official is circulat ing a periodical which has a rec ord of endorsing birth control as a solution to what it calls the serious problem of overpopula tion. Asserting that his interest in the matter is his "major avoca tion” and "has no connection with my official position.’ the Government leader nevertheless uses his official stationery to urge "the intellectual 'elite to "join the dedicated band” who are immersed in the population problem. The official is Samuel W. An derson. Assistant Secretary of Commerce for International Af fairs. The periodical which he has sent to members of the Phi Beta Kappa Associates with his covering letter is Population Bul letin, issued eight times a year by the Population Reference Bureau, Inc., of this city. The issue of Population Bul letin which Assistant Secretary Anderson has sent out to "the intellectual elite” gives promi nence to and calls "courageous ly realistic” a repoit by the Reg istrar-General of the 1951 All LOVIS I. HI DEW From the Northwest a priest writes in the course of a far seeing discussion "How long, O Lord, how long will the Unit ed States con tinue to deal with Soviet Russia, which must always he to our detri ment!” This thought, e essed in several o er letters, is most appropriate at the present moment. Because of American weakness in this respect, we are confronted with the possibi lity of the greatest disaster since the day when this country be trayed the Chinese and Polish peoples to Moscow. The Communist press, both international and domestic, re cords the amazing advance of the line laid down by Stalin and Malenkov in October 1952, an advance made possible large ly by Soviet penetration of American opinion-making groups and agencies. Within America the hysterical outcry against "McCarthyism” has drowned out or silenced at least two of the Congressional investigating com mittees. We hope that this re treat on our internal security is merely temporary, but it is none theless real. No Such Gain When we look at international events, we note further in the Neir Times how severe has been the "set back for the American war-mongers” at Berlin. Its February 6 issue, fresh from Moscow, bluntly declares that the gain made in "forcing” the United States to meet with Red China at Geneva will be followed by demands which would ef fect sovietize all Germany. The Daily Worker takes up Red Peddlers Keep Out Solon Has Shocking “Avocation" India Census, attacking what he calls "Improvident Maternity.” According to the report "improvi dent maternity” is "a hirth oc curring to a mother who has al ready given birth to three or more children (of whom at least one is alive).” The report says "within the next 15 years the tar get should be to reduce the inci dence of improvident maternity from its present level of 40% to 5%.” The Population Bulletin says India (where "family planning' stations have been introduced by lhe government) "leads the world in her hemic effort to cope with overpopulation.” A signed editorial in the Bul letin says "in the Lmted States, government reluctance to recog nize the problem seems to be lessening at last. Some officials are discussing population prob lems openly, relating them di rectly to foreign policy, world trade, and foreign aid. Official reports are using less guarded language.” Assistant Secretary Anderson tells the Phi Beta Kappa Associ ates that he has the honor to be a trustee of the Population Ref Courting A Grave Disaster this theme in its Sunday Issue of February 21, in which it states: "Dulles' support of a revived German wehrmacht was and remains the single biggest obstacle to peace and agree ment.” Now, the chief argument made hy our Secretary of State for permitting Red China to be pres ent at the coming Geneva con ference was that we gained in other spheres at Berlin, and no tably in regard to Germany. It is now evident that there was no such gain, and the Soviet pro paganda throughout Europe against "the resurgence of Ger man militarism” is proof of that. Through many sources, including as usual some outstanding non Communist newspapers, France is being reminded that it has a military alliance with Soviet Russia, signed during World War H. 'Th* New Situation' To sum it all up, the Kremlin demonstrates clearly that it will not abide by any terms save those which it imposes. Clearly, it plans at Geneva to work upon the weakness of Britain and France, using them as blug geons to beat the United States into surrender on all points. If the Secretary of State will not agree, he will be denounced as an agent of "international Mc Carthy ism.” The setting for that event is already arranged in the instruc tions to (he Soviet fifth column in this country to take advan tage of "the new situation” to "broaden the struggle against McCarthyism' so as to defeat American "international poli cies.” Nothing is more evident than that the hue and cry about "McCarthyism,” generated in much of our general press, has as its object the complete capitu lation by the United States to the Kremlin at Geneva on April erence Bureau and that he is communicating with them re garding "what I consider to be the world's most terrifying prob lem.” "1 would hope that in some small way I could stimulate the widening of your interest,” Mr. Anderson tells the Associates, "and that you would join with the ever growing group of us who study, talk informally, lec ture and speak about the prob lem whenever occasion offers. An increasing public awareness of the implications of demo graphic realities is absolutely vi tal, if our race is to meet the fu ture successfully.” Not long before his death, Guy Irving Burch, founder of the Population Research Bureau. Inc., said in a signed editorial in Population Bulletin: “It is generally agreed by stu dents of population that the most important element in any pro gram of population limitation is the discovery or invention of a simple, safe, and inexpensive means of birth control that can be effectively used in rural dis tricts and in industrially back ward countries.” 26. The Communists have stimu lated this hysteria as they stated they would do at their secret "national conference" in September in order to "force” the United States to agree to Soviet international plans. We have reached a point, in approaching Geneva, where we must know who are actually our allies. This is essential to our future national existence. Nothing Learned or Gained Nothing deserves more con sideration in this respect than the request made to Mr. Dulles by the American China Policy Association on March 14 through its president George S. Schuy ler. That organization urged the Secretary of State to recess the forthcoming Geneva confer ence where delegates of Soviet Russia and Red China will be seated. "There is nothing to be learned from such conferences.” Mr. Schuyler’s letter said. "Every past conference has re sulted in some concession to the Reds, major or minor, and either by no concession by them or an agreement quickly broken.” Such a request has more force because it is precisely line with the excellent assertions of Walter P. McConaughy, new director of the Office of Chinese Affairs in the State Department, to which 1 ret erred several weeks ago. We can also ask again: Why is it that the United States con stantly falls victim to proposals which are mounting up our defeats at the hands of the Krenjlin? It is due, first of all. to the painful disservice to American security and to edu cation on Communism in our secular press, with some honor able exceptions. It is also due, and above all, to the lack of knowledge of Communist tech niques on a wide scale among American community leaders. Inquiry Corner Can a Catholic who is a convert be buried iti a Protestant cemetery? There is a family lot there. A. While Catholics should con sider it an honor and a privilege to be buried in consecrated ground there are times and cir cumstances which allow of excep tions. The Synod (Fifth) of the Diocese of Columbus states that Catholics may not be buried ih public or common cemeteries (which is w hat you mean by Protestant cemetery, I presume). It adds that in the case of the burial of a convert whose family’ owns a lot in such s cemetery an exception can be made. In all doubts about such matters the pastor, who will consult the Bishop if necessary, should be consulted. Q. Why was Clare Booth Luce permitted to remarry after being divorced? Is it easier for an in fluential person to have a mar riage annulled? A. No one remarries with the approval of the Catholic Church unless the first spouse is dead or there is some definite deci sion based on solid evidence that the first marriage was in valid. For details on any decision involving the declaration of in validity or in any dissolving a past marriage it would be neces sary to consult the Diocesan Tri bunal which made the decision. The Catholic Church grants such decisions solely on the evidence, but famous people whose cases are dismissed do not receive the same publicity as those who re marry' after a favorable decision. There are many favorable deci sions, based solely on the evi dence, for people who can make no offering even for the expenses of the court. They seldom re ceive publicity. Mrs. Clare Booth Luce is no exception. Only if the EVIDENCE indicated that there was no obstacle to a marriage after her entry into the Church would such a "remarriage" be permitted. It is idle to speculate about particular cases. Q. In a recent column you said that the last Eucharistic Con gress held in the United States was in Chicago in 1926. I was present at one in St. Paul, Min nesota in 1939 or 1940. A. National Eucharistic Con gresses should have been men tioned in the article to which you refer. The answer did state that the last INTERNATIONAL Eucharistic Congress in the Unit ed States was held in Chicago in 1926. and that is correct. There have been National Eucharistic Congresses here in Washington D.C. (1895), St. Louis (1901), Neu York 1904), Pittsburgh (1907), Cincinnati (1911), Oma ha (1930). Cleveland (1935), New Orleans (1938). and St. Paul with Minneapolis (1941). Q. Could you list some of the patron saints traditionally asso ciated with certain ways of life? A. Among the more official patrons are: St. Albert the Great, given by Pope Pius Xll in 1941 as patron of students of natural sciences St. Catherine of Siena, named patroness of nurses by Pope Pius XII in 1943: St. Francis de Sales for writers by Pope Pius XI in 1923 St. John Baptist de LaSalle for educators of youth by Pope Pius MONSIGNOR HIGGINS Lather Healey-------------------- Very Confusing In 1949. the CIO, after pro longed investigation of the facts, formally expelled a number of its affiliates on the grounds that they had ceas ed to be bona fide unions and had become, in effect, political agents of the Kremlin. Chapter and verse were cit ed to establish the fact that these affiliates were slavishly following the communist par ty line in the field of foreign Policy. More speci fically, their opposition to the so called Marshall Plan, which the CIO as a national organization was vigorously supporting, was considered to be prima facie evidence that they were taking orders from Moscow. Applauded in '49 The decision to withdraw the charters of these organizations and expel them from the parent federation was widely applauded in 1949 as an important contri bution to the anti-communist counteroffensive of the Western powers. On the other hand, if the CIO—in the interest of keeping peace within its own ranks—had refused at that time to stand up and fight for the Marshall Plan, it would have been severely criti cized and the personal loyalty of its policy-making officials might well have been called into question. In our opinion, this would have been a justifiable reaction. For the American public had a right to expect the CIO to sup port the Marshall Plan against communist opposition, even at the cost of depleting its own ranks to the tune of several hun dred thousand members. Apparently, however, what is sauce for the goose is not al XII St. John Vianney as patron of parish priests by Pope Pius XI in 1929 St. Joseph as patron of workmen by Pope Benedict XV in 1920 St. Michael for policeman by Pope Pius XII in 1950 Our Lady of Loreto for aviators by the Congregation of Rites in 1920. Less official but traditional are: St. Matthew (bankers). St. Elizabeth of Hun gary (bakers), St. Fiacre (cab drivers), St. Isidore (farmers) and Ss. Cosmas and Damian (physicians). The National Ca tholic Almanac has a long list. Q. If parents neglect needed sex-instruction should not the schools supply it? Doesn't the Church's restriction on this cause children to fall into pit falls otherwise avoidable? A. Since the schools (public schools) generally feel that moral and religious teaching is outside their province it seems they should not attempt such teaching. To teach mere physi cal facts about sex to young people at an impressionable age is as likely to cause sin and un happiness as is the lack of more complete information. Pope Pius XL (Chritian Education of Youth, 1929) stated that it is a grave error to imagine that purely natural means can pro tect youth against the dangers of sensuality. He encourages, as the Church always has, proper private intruction by those who "hold from God the commission to teach and have the grace of state.” Catholics can obtain pamphlets for their own guid ance in such instruction and for the children themselves. The Christopher movement has brought our records to guide parents, but all these means in corporate the Christian respect for the whole person, not over emphasizing the mere physical facts. Q. What good does sending a person to hell (by excommuni cation) do the Catholic Church? It scarcely seems the Christian A. The Catholic Church does not send a person to hell. Ex communication means cutting a person off from the privileges of full Catholic living because of some particularly vicious or public sin. It aims to wrarn and protect others from following sinful example and also to con vert the excommunicated person, as did St. Paul's "let him be anathema” (Galatians 1:R). Christ said, "If a man does not live on in me he can only be like the branch that is cast off and withers away such a branch is picked up and thrown into the fire, to burn there.” (John 15:6) Any living person can repent and return to the Catholic Church. Q. Is Leonard a saint’s name? A. He was a Frankish lord, fol lower of Clovis, who w as baptized with him at Rhetms in 496. One of his apostolic works after re tirement from the army for ded ication of his life to God was the visitation of men in prison. He is patron of prisoners. His feast day is November 6th. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey, The Inquiry Corner. The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus (16) Ohio. ways sauce for the gander. Many holier- than- thou anti commun ists, who even to this day are un willing to give the CIO a clean bill of health, are now openly saying with impunity that the Marshall Plan was a thoroughly disastrous policy which was fav ored. if not actually initiated, by the communists. Isolationism In The Raw This is part of a larger thesis which says that “the greater threat to America is from within that the external threat is over emphasized, and has been prop erly built up to justify a level of spending and taxation which will ultimately destroy our economy and society.” The above statement, which is primitive isolationism the raw, is quoted verbatim from the jacket of a new book by Chesly Manly of the Chicago Tribune, who is important principally as a representative symbol and spokesman of the new national ism. A Different Standard It would be the height of ab surdity and injustice to question the loyalty of Mr. Manly or the influential group w hich he represents. They are loyal Americans, all of them. They are very fortunate, how ever, that they are being judged by a different standard from the one which they themselves and many other professional anti-com munists customarily apply to the “liberals” and the so-called “egg heads.” Heaven help the “liberal” who would dare to suggest, at this late date, that the external threat of communist aggression is "over-emphasized.” I seriously doubt that he could qualify for employment with the federal government. Mr. Manly, on the other hand, would undoubtedly be cleared by the FBI without the slightest bit of trouble. Very confusing, isn't it?