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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday, June 4. 1954 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes nf Address to O Box 636 Columbus, Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all comm unications for publication to P. O Box 636, Columbus 16, Ohio This Paper Printed by Union Labor The H»1\ Spirit, the Third Person of the Blessed Trinity, is equal in all things to the Father and the Son from whom He proceeds as from one onlv source As God. the Holy Spirit has wholly and entirely the divine nature of the Father and the Son so that all that is done by the Father and the Son. He does. As a divine Person, that which char acterizes Him in the Trinity His personal "quality” —is to be an eternal relationship to the Father and the Son since He proceeds from Them. The Second Person of the Trinity, the Son. be came man and in His human nature the means by which God willed to give man a sharing in His life as Father. Son and Holy Spirit. The Incaration has thus ‘translated the deepest mystery of the Trinity into something which is the basis and content and purpose of the supernatural order. Thus the life of the Church and the state of sanctifying grace must be seen in terms of redeemed mankind’s shar ing in the life of the Trinity by union with the Incarnate who is our Mediator with God And this sharing must not be looked at as a vague and shadowy union with an obscurely phrased concept: Rather do we share in the life of the Three Divine Persons as They are one to another. One Person, in His divine nature, does not do something for us which the others do not. AU of them, in their one nature, give us themselves as they are to one another Thus we are sons, in the Son, of the Father, and we are possessors of the Holy Spirit of the Father and the Son. of that Spirit who is in His Person an eternal relationship to Father and Son ■•Because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of His Son into your hearts crying Ahha Father.” Pentecost is not then the feast of the Holy Spirit considered apart from the Father and the Son, for there is no feast of the separate Persons in their divine nature Pentecost is the Feast of the Holy Spirit considered in His relationship to the Incarnation continued in the Church, the Mys tical Body of (hrist, of which the Spirit is the soul, the unifying and life-giving force. It is the Holy Spirit who unites us to Christ our Head in His Church who unites Christ with us His members, who fills the Church and its members with the divine-human life of the God-man who makes us be in Christ and grow up into Christ. But the Holy Spirit does not do all this by activity .separate or distinct from the action of the Father and the Son. Our lxrd has revealed the Holy Spirit s place in the Trinity as the Spirit of the Fathe and the Son. Once we understand this and it is not difficult to understand, even if the Trinity remains a deep and inexpressible mystery we can go on to found our devotion to the Holy Spirit on the basis of His personal character as Spirit of the Father and the Son as this has been revealed to us in the Holy Scriptures and Tradition Thus He is the Spirit of the divine life which reaches out to us through the mediating Incarnation. Thus He is the Spirit of the Father whose sons we be come in Christ. Thus He is the Spirit of Christ whose members we become in marvelous unity and identification with Him our Head Thus He is the Spirit of the Incarnation, uniting us to the redeem ing mysteries of Christ’s Life, especially the Pas sion and the Resurrection.’ Bridging obliterat ing space and time and making us all be “with Christ from the beginning.” Thus He is the Spirit of the Church, the life-giving Soul of the Mystical Body of Christ, making it in its entirety the con tinued existence of the God .Man. "1 believe in the Holy Spirit, the Ixird and Giver of Life es, He is this Uniting us to His divine Person and carrying us back to and uniting us with the Father and the Son in the wondrous my story of our sharing in the life ot the Trinity by giving us to shaie in the Incarnation continued in the Church. The Spirit ot God makes of redeemed mankind so many new humanities, as it were, in which the Son lives on to continue His redeeming incarnation. ‘‘Conceived of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary. These words of the (reed spoken of the physical humanity of (hrist are true also in pro portion of the mystical humanity of Christ, the Church, and of all who aic in the (hurch. "Send forth Thy Spirit, and we shall be created, and Thou shait renew the face of the earth." Month Of I hr Sacred Heart Traditionally, the month o Ju ic is set aside each year by Holy Mother Church a s a time of spe cial devot ion to the Sacred He art if Jesus, atho lies every wneie give special honor and devotion to the he art of hrist, pierced and broken by our offenses, iccause it is a symbe 1 Of His love lor u* in our i ngratitude toward HuTL This i one devotion whirl hr hurch urges us all Hi make And rightly so v\ have all had a part in vbounding that Heart E\•ry sin, mortal and venia His Heart apart. hrust of the lance Rcpara tion for our own sins and the sins of the world should be a part of ever.f day s spiritual pro gram thre ughout the month of June Who could refuse to help e\ cn a fellow human being if vre kneu that a word from us would help heal a tei•nble hurt that hi Cl ven him’’ Could we refuse to do as much for hns Private Hospital Problems With figures recently released by the American Hospital Association stating that patients in non profit hospitals received an average of $21.09 worth of daily hospital care for an average of $19 49, many people will he asking how it is possible lor this to be, and why hospital costs are .so groat. The answer is really simple. The average non profit hospital has n its payroll a! least one and one half employees lot every patient in the ho pital. This large number of salaried workers is re quired by the fact that there must be workers to staff the hospital 24 hours a day and that there are such a variety of services offered by a hospital, inciud,: n jrse who cares foi the patient the fireman who maintains the heat the janitor who cleans the halls, the laboratory technician who stud ies specimens the people in operating room labor atory, X-ray department, emergency room, etc With about 70G nf the expense of operating a hospital taken up with these people it is easy to see why the average cost of caring for a patient for one day in non-profit hospitals throughout the United States in 1953 was $21.09. On the other hand, many people do not pay the full cost of their care. The poor often receive care free. The dishonest sometimes victimize the hospitals. The migrant sometimes is gone before be can settle his bill in full. True, in about half the states something like two-thirds of the people are covered by voluntary hospital insurance plans. Many local governmental units give grants for the care of the sick. But even with these helps, the sisters who run our Catholic hospitals frequently find it difficult to make the financial ends meet. It would be well for the general public to try to understand the problems of the sisters better. Help is still needed in many ways by the sisters who staff the hospitals. Just Among Ourselves Passing Comment Considered or inconsiderate Time, the weekly newsmagazine, in the current issue (May 31. 1954), says that scientists are not so sure as once they were that they are “leading man kind out of religious darkness.’ Further, the report continues, “churchmen are speaking out quite bold ly again about such old-fashioned concepts as Orig inal Sin and the Last Judgment.” It ought to be said,—-if indeed the point is not too obvious,—that capable and honest scientists have never attempted to substitute their findings for religious truth, and many of such scientists have been and are sincerely religious men. Religion has been "darkness” only for the quack, the half baked, the prideiuliy incompetent people who have not a clear title to the name "scientist” at ail. And the so-called quarrel between religion and science has never been a quarrel on the part of true re ligion. and certainly not on the part of genuine science. The Catholic Church is the mother and protec tor of true science. This is the plain fact, despite the cry of the unworthy scientist who wants to make each unproved and momentarily exciting the ory a universally accepted truth. The quarrel called a war between science and religion is either a war of science with false religion, or a war of quack science with true religion. Since the Piltdown business, the little bickering boys who call themselves champions of scientific progress have been rather silent. But now, as Time reports, “a prominent scientist” has done his best to strike out anew at religion. This lad is Marcus laiurence Oliphant, who spoke recently before the Royal Society of New Zealand in scientific con gress assembled. Mr. Oliphant was stirred to his valiant effort by statements of both Pope Pius Xll and British l^borite Clement Attlee that the misuse ot science is doing harm in the world and threatens to do more. Now, any scientist worthy of the name would be the first to concede that the misuse of science is a harm!ul thing, and to concede further that sci ence today is notably misused. That modern science tends to intrigue mankind with theories and gadget ries which give him an outlook on life and its pur pose which is materialistic and mechanistic, is hard, ly to be denied by anyone, scientist or laic. There fore the statement of the Pope, and of Mr. Attlee, is a moderate and accurate statement. Yet Mr. Oli phant resents it. he petulantly snaps back at "the churches, whatever he means by that phrase. Of course, the present sad state of the world is a trying thing for the scientists who have been promising for over a century, a glorious Progress, a true Onward and Upward evolution of all things, a Great Rosy Dawn. Science has progressed amazingly, and the general state of mankind has deteriorated almost unbelievably. Mr. Oliphant blames the whole thing on “the ichurches.” vrhich, he says, have not done their job. What that job was expected to be. in thi» face of his jeering scientism, is not quite clear. Since Mi•. Oliphant and his kind have been doing their seifmtistic best to destroy the influence of “the churches,” it is ungracious, and certainly unscientific, of these gentlemen to complain that "the churches” have not done a good joh. Professor Oliphant says “We are told that Adam and Eve were driven from the Garden of Eden because they disobeyed the law and ate of the fruit of the tree Of knowledge. It seems strange to me that the exercise of the greatest faculty with which man has been endowed should ever have been regarded as a sin ... By a deliberate act, probably the greatest step he ever took, (mam chose to seek knowledge, thereby setting himself apart from all living things and ensuring his ultimate dominion over the earth What is called the Fall of Man should be known as the Ascent of Man.’ If proof were needed that Professor Oliphant is a pseudo-scientist, nothing more would be requir ed than the words here quoted from his New Zea land speech For the real scientist takes all tacts into account, and does not pick and choose, select ing what serves his theory, and rejecting what dis pleases him. But Professor Oliphant is a rare picker. First, he admits, at least provisionally, the scriptural account of Eden, in which he, as a non religious scientist can have no belief. Then he dis torts the facts, and says man was expelled from Paradise for eating of the tree of knowledge. The tree was not the tree of knowledge Adam and Eve had splendid knowledge and awareness of respon ability before they ate the fruit. The tree in ques tion was the tree of knowledge of good and evil. The first human disobedience brought knowledge of sin. ot shame, ot guilt, of weakness, which cloud ed the shining knowledge of innocence. The dis obedience of Adam was not an advance in knowl edge it was a darkening and a weakening of his finest faculties. et Professor Oliphant, having falsified the name of the tree, proceeds to say that man’s dis obedience was probably a sad adverb for science) the greatest step man ever took. The Professor does not realize, what Scripture makes manifest, that it was a step into darkness, it was a rebellion it was a shameful ingratitude it wax a darkening and not an enlightening of the human mind. This, thinks Professor Oliphant, is the "Ascent of Man.” A wonderfullv scientific conclusion. "It seems to me.” says the champion of science, forgetting that science like Hamlet “knows not seems." Science does not speak until it knows. The opinion of Professor Oliphant, based on a misread ing of a Scripture in which he and his kind have no belief, is of no consequence whatever. Besides, the Professor falls to notice that God gave men dominion over all earthly creatures he seems to think that man acquired this dominion by disobey ing God and making sin the first great Onward and Upward act the evolution of mankind. Ttme is to be chided for referring to funda mental Christian truths as “such old-fashioned con cepts as Original Sin and the Judgment.” These truths are not old fashioned, at least to Catholics. They are no more old-fashioned than birth is old fashioned. than death is old-fashioned. Fake science w hich lives on baseless novelty must be shocked and chagrined at the stubborness of these elemental facts, and angered by the persistence with which birth and death refuse to be evolved. WASHINGTON TETTER WASHINGTON The atten tion now being given here to the communist infiltration of Guate mala focuses attention upon an other important “beat” scored by the Catholic Press. The Red danger in Guatemala has never before received the widespread notice it is getting at present. Virtually every day there is some mention of it on the floors of Congress commen tators refer to it on radio and TV, and news stories and col umns in newspapers seek to bring the reading public up to date. It has become such an im portant issue that people who are speaking out on the matter sometimes take pains to say that they sounded a warning some time ago. It is to be doubted that any one, or any agency, in this country pointed out the dan ger before the Catholic Press of the United States. Some members of Congress have recently said that they sounded an alarm a couple of years ago, but it was as early as 1948 that the Catholic Press told the people of the world that a LOL IS F. Bl DENZ In the midst of the fog with which the Communists and their friends have enveloped the Amer ican scene, the rays of hope ful light. Not the least of these is the resolution of fered in the United States Senate by Sen ators William Jenner and Pat McCarran de manding that the United re appear some States break off diplomatic relations with Soviet Russia and all of its satellite re gimes. Such would be the be ginning ot a positive American policy, would cut through the fog which at the present tune is causing this country to stumble from defeat to defeat. Another bright ray is the sulky dissatisfaction of the Soviet fifth column in this country with the way that the hearings on the Senate Sub-Committee on Per manent Investigation are going in Washington. This dissatisfac tion is sharply registered in the pages of the Daily Worker in the fact that for a number of is sues in mid-May, it let up on stressing these hearings, although originally they fulfilled the Com munist demand for an all out fight against “McCarthyism,” Ferreting Out Spies On May 10 an element of the fantastic is introduced into the editorial columns of the Red or gan. In its anger at the evidence unearthed that attempts were made to halt the Congressional investigations of subversion and alleged corrupion, the Red or gan blurts out what all patriotic Americans should know. It as serts that “spies” for ‘McCarthy ite fascism” are infiltrating th* Smash Hit? Catholic Press Scored 'Beat' storm was coming. At that time, the N.C.W.C. News Service re ported, a pastoral letter by Arch bishop Mariano Rosell y Arellano of Guatemala, urging a social justice crusade in that country to halt the trend to communism. The Archbishop said the coun try was experiencing a wave of vice, and that communism was stimulating this outburst, by ot fenng free love and other in ducements, to further its own ends. The prelate said the Reds were offering the satiation of brutal instincts as bait to win support. That was late in 1948. In the summer of 1949. the Catholic Press reported that the murder of Col. Francisco Javier Arana was a severe blow to the Church and to anti-communism. Colonel Arana was described as a de vout Catholic and a staunch anti communist. and would have been a strong candidate for the presi dency in 1950. It was believed that, if elected, he would have (reed the Church from many of the shackles forged for her by her enemies in Guatemala. Colo nel Vana’s death marked the Shades Of Espionage! government for the purpose of discovering laxity the moves against subversion. "It is not Marxism and com munism that ‘steals documents’,” declares the Daily Worker ang rily, “and threatens our consti tution and form of government, but the ‘anti-Communist* crusade of the fascist McCarthyites!” It has the audacity to demand that President Eisenhower de vote the security forces to fer reting out these anti-Communist Though Smugglers After giving page after page from official records of the wide extent of Red espionage within the various government agencies, Burnham declares “In further ing public knowledge as well as in expressing the public demand for counter-action, the Congres sional investigations play a con spicuous and indispensable role.” It is precisely this ‘'indispen sable role" of the Congressional inquiries which the Communists have long sought to stop, and which for the moment they have succeeded tn doing. In addition to espionage, upon which Burnham concentrates, there is also the poison of infil tration for the purposes of in fluencing public figures and non Communist forces, as set forth from documents my own re cent book “The Techniques of Communism The Communists can make such arrogant and fan tastic assertions appear in the Daily Worker of May 10 because they count upon the concealed Communists and their friends to smuggle this thought into even responsible daily newspapers. Grave Disservice On May 13 the Philadelphia Bulletin one of the outstand ing newspapers in the Quaker City—contained a long editorial complaining about the scores of turning point in the Guatemala crisis. From there on, the Reds grew power. Then came stories about Reds interfering with the celebration of Mass in some rural areas of Guatemala. And in 1951, the N.C.W.C. News Service reported that indignation stirred by the unwarranted dismissal of three nuns from the National Orphan age of Guatemala City forced the President of Guatemala to curb temporarily the Reds in government. Since then conditions have worsened. The Catholic Press has reported developments as they came along. Now the whole world is alerted to the danger in our hemisphere. It is of the pattern of com munist aggression to attack re ligion and the Catholic Church early in its infiltration of any country. In detecting and expos ing the attacks upon the Church Guatemala, the Catholic Press gave early warning of a situation which was to assume senous pro portions for the whole world six years later. letter* it had received from its readers, protesting against what they considered the mangled newspaper reports on the Wash ington hearings as compared to the televised proceedings. In that connection, the paper editor ially declared that the investiga tions of the McCarthy committee were more damaging to the con duct of the S^atf Department, the Army, and other government agencies than the Communists in those departments could be. This is so misleading a state ment, which incidentally de fends Alger Hiss by implication, that it is a grave disservice to the security of the nation. Whether or not the Bulletin is aware of the fact, that editorial is right in line with the fantastic utterance of the Daily Worker of May 10. Refute the “Reserves" In this connection, we must note the prominence given the name of the columnist Joseph Alsop tn the Washington hearings. It now appears that he was shown all the confidential files of the counsel for the Army and was allowed to examine the whole memorandum against the work of the Senate Sub-Committee one month before any member of the Senate saw it. The record of Mr. Alsop ax an anti-anti-Commun ist, for which he has been highly praised by the Daily Worker, could be given at great length. 1 will content myself with recom mending ihe reading of the ar ticle entitled "AIsop’s Fables." which appeared in the Catholic World for January 1954. We must always remember that the “reserves"—those who defend the conspiracy by attack ing its opponents are the source of many of our difficul ties. Tbetr attacks must be re futed. Inquiry Corner Q. Who is the patron saint of men tn the service? A. In 1942 Pope Pius XJJ named The Immaculate Conception as patroness of soldiers of the Unit ed States. Pope Pius XI named St. Joseph as patron of those who combat atheistic Communism, so that would seem to make him a special patron of service men in our day. There are many spe cial patrons of the branches of the service. Our Lady of loreto was named patroness of aviators in 1920 by the Congregation of Rites, and St. Barbara is patron ess Of artillerymen. Q. Is not the Sixth Command ment repressive? Is not the Christian life more positive than the Catholic Church makes it with its taboos on sex? A. Order and intelligent self control can scarcely be called re pressive. Repression in a bed sense refers to a buried or frus trated experience, but the Ten Commandments were given by God. to make us happy. When we control our physical drives, as in the sacrifice of a starving mother who gives the last food to her child, we are not repressing but ennobling our instincts. The Catholic Church has no taboos at all and certainly has none on sex. but it insists that it be ordered toward its human purpose not for sub-animal pleasure. Sex has it* meaning primarily in mar riage and any use of it exclu sively for the pleasure of the in dividual. separating it from its God-given purpose is irrational and immoral. The Catholic Church honors and celebrates the Sacrament of Matrimony among seven great means of grace and centers its life in the Blessed Sacrament and the Mass. Isn't that positive? Q. Who was Gallitzin? A. Demetrius Gallitzin (1770 1840) was a Russian prince, who became a Catholic at the age of seventeen and came to the Unit ed States when he was twenty two. He was ordained a priest in 1795 and established a Catholic colony in western Pennsylvania. Into this apostolate he poured his personal fortune and lived in poverty, working heroically for souls there for forty-one years. Q. When would it be a sin to attend a place of entertainment where the show is indecent? I mean a place like a night-club. A. If we know the place is showing an indecent act or ser ies of acts it would be sinful tn MON SIG OR HIGGINS Father Healey------------------ Political Regulation Norman Dodd. Director of Re search of the Special Commit tee of the House or Representa tives to Investigate Tax Exempt o u ndations, recently made a prelinun ary e port cover ing his direc i o n of the Committee Staff for the six months' pe rio Novem ber 1. 1953— April 30, 1954. The subject in volved is one that ought to be debated freely and fully in the forum of public opinion be fore the Congress takes any ac tion on it. Under the terms of House Res olution No. 217, the Committee is charged with the responsibility of answering the following ques tions, some of which, in our opinion, no agency of govern ment has a right to ask of volun tary. non-governmental organiza tions: Have Foundations used their resources for purposes con trary’ to those for which they were established? for pur poses which can be classed as un-American? subversive? for political purposes? Have Foundations resorted to propaganda in order to achieve the objectives for which they have made grants? To enable the Committee to answer these questions "on the basis of impersonal facts,” Mr. Dodd directed his staff to make a study of developments and trends in the field of American education during the past 50 years and subsequently to in vestigate “the accessory agen cies to which these develop ments and trends had been trac ed.” 'Official' Definition of 'Americanism' On the basis of this prelimi nary investigation. Mr. Dodd has come to the “tentative conclu sion that within the social sci ence division of education, the foundations have neglected ‘the public interest’ to a severe de gree." According to Dodd, grants by foundations have been used for "directing education in the United States toward an inter national viewpoint (sic) and dis crediting the traditions to which it had been dedicated.” They have also been used, according to Dodd, for changing school cur ricula "to the point where they sometimes denied the principles underlying the American way of life.” “It seems incredible.” says Mr. Dodd in concluding his prelimi nary report, "that the trustees of typically American fortune-cre ated foundations should have attend at all. If it usually pre sents such shows it would seem difficult to justify attending even if we think the particular show is inoffensive, because of scan dal. Where the place is defin itely immoral and an occasion of sin there can be no doubt, but if the general atmosphere is decent and attendance be for a good and proportionate reason (e. g. business reasons) there would be no sin. Whenever any person, place or thing becomes a prox imate occasion of sin for us, how ever. it becomes sinful to have anything to do with it. A good Catholic will seek his entertain ment in more wholesome sur roundings. Q. If it came down to a decision would Catholics have to obey the Pope or the American govern ment first? A. “Render to Caesar th* things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s” (Matthew 22:21). There have been conflicts throughout history be tween the governments estab lished by man and by the indi vidual rights, dignity and duties of the human person. When gov ernment interferes with the “in alienable rights” of a man we recognize that the government is wrong—we fought a Revolution with that conviction. St. Thomas More was posed the same ques tion when Rich (one of Henry Vni’s men) questioned him in prison. Rich asked if he would accept him (Rich) as king if par liament so decreed. “Yes, sir.” replied Sir Thomas. Then Rich asked, “If Parliament should elect me Pope would you accept me?” More aswered with another question, “Suppose the Parlia ment would make a law that God should not be God would you then. Master Rich, say that God were not God?” Q. Who is the patron saint of teachers? A. There are several. Th* principal patron is St. John Bap tist de la Salle, whose feast day is May 15th. St. Gregory th* Great (March 12th) and St. Cath erine of Alexandria are also list ed. St. Thomas Aquinas (March 7th) is patron of schools and there are various patrons of spe cial branches of studies such as St. Alphonsus Liguori (August 2nd) for theologians. Send questions to Father Ed w’ard F. Healy, The Inquiry Cor ner. The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus 16. Ohio. permitted them to be used to finance ideas and practices in compatible with the fundamen tal concepts of our Constitution. Yet there seems evidence that this may have occurred.” To borrow the language of Mr. Dodd, it seems incredible to us that he or anybody else should be authorized by an agency of government to pass judgment on the "Americanism” of voluntary, non-governmental organizations. It goes without saying, of course, that the Congress has a right to investigate tax exempt founda tions to make sure that they ar* not being used for political pur poses in the partisan sense of the word, and that they are not engaging treasonous or sub versive activities. On the other hand, the government does not have the right to exercise a form of thought control over non governmental organizations by forcing them to operate within the limits of an “official” defini tion of “Americanism” or “th* American way of life” or “th* public interest." This, it seems to us, would be the beginning of the end of political democracy. Evidence Highly Debetable Mr. Dodd’s definition of “Americanism” and “the Amer ican way of life” is ultracon servative. He implies, for ex ample, that the so-called New Deal was a "revolutionary” movement in the bad (i.e., un American) sense of the word. Our disagreement with him on this particular issue is, however, completely beside the point. Our criticism of his report has noth ing to do with the validity of his definitions or the accuracy of his tentative accusations against specific tax exempt foundations. His evidence in support of these accusations is, however, highly debatable many cases. But even if we could agree with every syllable his undocument ed report, we would still object, on the basis of sound political philosophy, to his or anybody else’s definition of “American ism” or "the American way of life” being adopted by the Con gress, or any other branch of government, as an official norm by which to judge the political orthodoxy of non-governmental organizations. This would consti tute a dangerous threat to the cause of freedom, including th* freedom of religion. If only for the reason that the Catholic Church is the most important single non-govern mental organization in the Unit ed States. American Catholics— including those who may happen to agree with the contents of Mr. Dodd’s report—ought to be the first to object to its under lying assumption that govern men! has a right to formulate an official definition of political orthodoxy.