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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, June 18, 1954, Image 1

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The Road To
True Peace Leads
Through Mary
Vol. Ill, No. 37
—A chock of records going back
as far as Pope Sixtus V, who
died in 1590, shows that Pope
Pius XII has, with one excep
tion, now canonized more saints
than any other Pontiff since that
With the canonization of 33
Saints, the present Pontiff is
surpassed only by Pope Pius IX
(1846-1*78), who during his pon
tificate raised 42 to sainthood,
including the 26 Japanese mar
tyrs who were canonized on
June 8, 1862. Third in the list
stands the present Pontiff's
predecessor, Pius XI, who can
onized 30.
who was raised to the honor of the
altars by Pope John XV on Janu
ary 31, 993.
It was the third time during his
pontificate that His Holiness Pope
Pius XII performed the canoniza
tion rites in vast St. Peter’s Square
so the largest possible number of
faithful could participate in the
colorful ceremonies. The previous
open-air canonizations were those
of St. Maria Goretti during the Ho
ly Year of 1950 and of St. Pius
just two weeks before the present
With hi* infallible proclama
tion the Holy Father "decreed
and defined a* saint*" Dominic
Sevio, Italian follower of St.
John Bosco who died at the age
of 15 Maria Crocifissa di Rosa,
wealthy young Italian woman
who left the factory she managed
to found the Congregation of
Handmaid* of Charity Peter
Chanel, French priest martyred
at the ape of 38 on the tiny Pa
cific Island of Futuna Gaspar
del Bufalo, Italian founder of
the Congregation of the Pre
cious Blood, end Jose Maria Pig
natelli, Spanish nobleman who
gave up a life of luxury to be
come a leading Jesuit in the
most crucial era of that society's
The Pontiff also “ordained that
their memory be celebrated with
devotion every year in the Uni
versa I Church He decreed the
Vocation Evenings
Start At Seminary
Father Edward Healey, profes
sor at St. Charles Seminary, con
ducted a "Vocation Evening” last
Sunday for members of the gradu
ating class of St. Charles High
School who are interested in learn
ing more about religious vocations
The program included Benedic
tion and a conference in the Chap
el, and a question and answer ses
sion and smoker afterwards in thf
recreation room.
Father Healey is planning a simi
lar program, tentatively set foi
Sunday, July 18, to which recen
Catholic high school graduates anc
other young Catholic men in th
diocese are invited. Further infor
mation will be released in cominj
sues of the Times
Born* enc hundred aud thirty
Dominican Sisters representing 18
communities extending from Mich
igan and Wisconsin to Louisiana
and Texas and from Boaton, Mass.,
to Tacoma, Wash., are attending
the second session of the Institute
of Dominican Spirituality at St
Mary of the Springs.
The institute, which was inaug
urated at St Mary's last summer,
Pontiff Canonizes 33 Saints
In First 15 A ears Of Reign
VATICAN CITY (NC) For the second time in
ibly declared that the exemplary lives of members of the Church had
happiness in heaven.
It was estimated to be about the 250th time that a Pope made the solemn proclama
tion of sainthood since the first one slightly less than a thousand years ago. The first solemn
canonization by a Supreme Pontiff
was that of St. Ulrich of Augsburg.
days of their death as the least
days of the new saints. They are:
St. Dominic, March 9 St. Peter,
April 28 St. Jose Maria, November
15 St. Maria Crocifissa, December
15, and St. Gaspar, December 28.
The proclamation, which brought
the jubilant ringing of church bells
throughout Rome, caused great joy
in other parts of the world where
the new Saints had worked or
where their lives had become guid
ing inspirations.
Pilgrims from many foreign
lands were in the great crowd in
the square signing the thunderous
“Te Deum” in thanksgiving for the
honor bestowed on the new Saints.
Twenty Cardinals and 100 Bishops
from many countries,, including a
dozen from the Unit°d States, wit- 1
nessed the ceremony. After the i
proclamation of the new' Saints the
Holy Father delivered a 20-minute
discourse extolling their virtues
as an example to mankind.
5 Missioners
Are Expelled
By China Reds
German and two Belgian priests
and a German lay professor have
arrived here after being expelled
from Red China.
The Belgians are Fathers Alain
de Terwangne and Clement Renif
kens of the Society of Helpers of
the Missions. Both had been jailed
for 14 months and subjected to
long and frequent questionings af
ter they were accused* of being
spies for Ftdes, a Catholic mission
news agency in Rome.
Father Terwanghe, 40, a native
of Antwerp, had been an illustra
tor of Catholic booklets for the
Cerfhohc Cent! al Bureau in Shang
hai. Father Renirkens, 38. a native
of Liege, had served as secretary
to Bishop Simon Tsu, S.J.. of Hai
One of the German priests is
Father Gerhard Dinter. S.V.D who
was the last non-Chinese priest in
the diocese of Tsaochow, Shan
tung, where he ran a dispensary
for beggars and other destitute peo
ple. A native ol Breslau, the 46
year-old priest left his post be
cause of communist pressure put
on the faithful to get rid of him.
Although Tsaochow’s Catholics re
mained loyal to Father Dinter they
were suffering so much because of
his presence there that he finally
decided to leave. There are eight
Chinese priests left in the diocese,
some of whom can still openly care
for its Catholics.
The other two expelled German
priests are Fathers Josef Meiners
and Josef Thiel, both of the Di
vine Word missionaries. With them
arrived Prof. Wilhelm Bruell who
taught chemistry at the Catholic
University of Peking. He and Fa
ther Meiners. who also taught at
the university, had been arrested
in 1951. Father Thiel labored in
Tsining, Shantung, up to the time
of his expulsion.
Pope Pius XII infall
merited them eternal
two weeks
e Supports
Fund For
For the fifth time since its
‘stablishment seven years ago,
’ope Pius XII has expressed in
erest in and support for the ef
orts of the United Nations Child
en’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF).
This support was expressed in a
etter received by Maurice Pate,
executive director of UNICEF,
rom Msgr. Giovanni Battista Mon.
ini. Vatican Pro-Secretary of State
‘or Ordinary Affairs. The letter,
iccompanied by a token contribu
ion of $1,000 said:
"Hi* Holiness,
aware, is greatly
the praiseworthy
are being sponsored by the Uni
ted Nations Children's Fund to
alleviate the sad condition of so
many unfortunate children, and
especially those
and depressed
as you are
interested in
efforts thet
in the stricken
area* of the
Emergency Fund
The Children's
is supported entirely by voluntary
contributions of individuals and
governments and its aid to child
ren is extended solely on the basis
of need. Its policies are set by a
26-nation executive board. A num
ber of non governmental organiza
tions, including several interna
tional Catholic groups, act in a
consultative capacity.
Dept. Of State
‘Refuses' To
Help Bishops
U.S. State Department has declin
ed to intervene in behalf of two
Catholic Bishops seriously ill in
Yugoslavia. The Florida Catholic
newspaper of the Diocese of St. Au
gustine. declares.
The paper says it has received
an official reply from Deputy Sec
retary of State Robert Murphy
“that a direct intervention by the
United States Government on be
half of Bishops Cule and Budanovic
would not serve a useful purpose.”
The paper says this is "diplomatic
verbiage” for “a flat refusal.”
Father John J. Fitzpatrick,
executive editor of Th* Florida
Catholic, had telegraphed Presi
dent Eisenhower and Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles, ur
gently calling for "immediate ac
tion on humanitarian, if not re
ligious, grounds" to aid Bishop
Peter Cui* of Mostar and Bish
op Lajci Budanovic of Subotica.
The paper says Bishop Cule “is
dying of advanced tuberculosis in
his prison cell at Zenica,” and that
81-year-old Bishop Budanovic “is
suffering severe shock following a
brutal beating he received at the
hands of a Communist mob last
Dominicans Attend Second Institute Of Spirituality
is conducted by the Dominican
Fathers of the three United States
provinces. Courses are given in all
phases of spiritual theology, the
spirit and history of the Dominican
Order, the law of the Church con
cerning superiors of religious com
munities and mistresses of novices.
Professors at the Institute, pic
tured above with the delegates,
are left to right Father James R.
Gillis, O.P., of St. Rose Priory, Du
buque, la., who is lecturing on the
Spiritual Life the Very Reverend
Philip F. Mulhern, O.P., director
of the Institute, Dominican House
of Studies, Washington, D.C., who
is presenting a course on the duties
of Superiors and Novice Mistresses
Father Urban Nagle, O.P, chap
lain of St. Mary of the Springs Fa
ther Paul Starrs O.P of the Col-
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, Jun* 18, 1954
The 1953 program cost 5197,163.35.
annual report of the di
institutions and agencies en
in family counselling and
child care, released this week by
the Reverend William E. Kappes.
Diocesan Director of Charities and
Hospitals, reports that a total of
2,356 families received help in
“varying amounts and degrees”
during 1953. Included in this fig
ure are 569 children who were car
ed for in foster homes, children’^
homes, training schools and spe
cialized institutions. Abo included
are 680 children who were helped
in lheir own homes through super
vision of the children and guidance
to parents.
The report states, "Throughout
the centuries since the time of
Christ. His Church has carried on
the works begun by Our Lord. The
members of the Church have con
tinued His mission of Charity,
meeting the needs of the different
times with methods best suited to
maintain individual responsibly^
vtwly stability and cihlftikiuWffi
terest. Made an integral part erf all
works of mercy and charity have
been the supernatural motives of
charity on the part of those who
help and the supernatural dignity
and destiny of those who are help
Modern Education
oo Superficial
Prelate Declares
Modern education was criticized as
being too superficial by Boston's
Archbishop Richard J. Cushing
the 61st annual commencement
St. Anselm s College here.
The Archbishop, who received
an honorary doctorate of laws, em
phasized that the fundamental sign
of an educated man is that he has
learned how to learn.
Modern education is too pre
occupied with facts and statistics
neglecting to "educate”—to
students how lo live and
Archbishop Cushing declar-
lege of St. Albert the Great. Oak
land, Calif., who is directing a
course on the History of Spiritual
ity, and Father Ferrer Smith. O.P.,
of the Dominican House of Studies,
Washington, D.C., who is lecturing
on the Dominican Spiritual Life.
The two week intensive course,
which will end on June 22. includes
seminars on modern problems and
the religious life.
atholic Times
1249 Children Aided By Diocese
Pictured above is a mere handful of the 1249 children, ranging in age from birth to 18, who
received care by institutions and agencies in the Columbus Diocese last year. Of th* total group, 569
youngsters were cared for in foster homes, children's homes, specialized institutions and training
schools. The remainder were helped in their own homes through child supervision and parental guid
“Today,” the report continues,
"the Catholic people of the Dio
cese of Columbus are continuing
Christ’s Apostolate of Charity in
ways best designed to meet the
problems found in the modern
Describing the influence of the
staffs and the Advisory Board
members, acting as citizens who
are concerned about the general
community welfare, in a section
titled, “A Catholic Service with a
Catholic Voice”, the report said,
“Staff and Board members of the
agencies and institutions meeting
and planning with other agencies,
speak both from professional com
petence and Catholic philosophy.
As representatives of established
agencies, they have a recognized
voice in important community dis
cussions. Often a broad principle
or a specific detail brought into
focus can have far-reaching effects
not only on the Catholic citizen
but on the community in general.”
Speaking of the bask vw -It of
the agencies, the report states,
“The Catholic Welfare Bureau is
intensely concerned with repairing
the strains and rehabilitating the
family. Nothing can equal the
nurturing roots of a united home
if it is spiritually, emotionally and
The distinctions, of a ceremonial
and liturgical nature, are listed in
a hitherto unpublished Apostolic
Brief, signed by the Pope, which
appeared in the annual volume
Trade Union
Hit By Solon
Senator Browne, one of the Sen.
ates two Catholic members, gave
statement to the
his- views in a
Southern Cross,
clause ini
th* bill
of any
a mixed
and col
with th*
He said the
prohibting registration
new trade union with
membership of white
ored people interfered
right of free association a right
upheld by Rerum Novarum and
Quadragesimo Anno.
However, Senator Browne said,
the clause permitting the majority
of a racial group in an existing
mixed union to break away and
form a new union on a racial basis
could not be criticised on the same
grounds. He declared that the right
of free association necessarily in
suit in
the right of disassociation,
such action could only re
a wenkening of the trade
compelling divisions on
racial lines in new unions and en
couraging such divisions in exist
ing unions, the bill—if it becomes
law—can only have the effect of
splitting the workers as a bargain
ing force and is therefore openly
pro-capitalist,” Senator Browne
physically sound,—or can be made
so Helping a family together and
keeping it together is the primary
The report mentions some of the
problems which endanger family
unity. “Bonds th^t bind a family
together are vital, but vulnerable.
They can be frayed by careless
parents, strained by emotional up
sets. knotted by economic prob
lems, injured by sickness, even
severed by death or desertion of a
member of the family.”
“Family troubles take many
forms.” the report continues. “A
child may be having difficulty with
school or juvenile, officials, or with
the neighbors. A teen-ager may
be wriggling under authority or at
odds with the neighbors. Sickness,
disability and irresponsibility may
endanger family security. A pay
check just will not go around. The
need may be for a house, or for
food and clothing. A single parent
may have been left to cope alone.
Emotions may have become strain
ed between husband and wife, or
between parents and their child
“These problems must
by helpful advice, careful
intelligent information.
(Continued on Page
Given Two
Vatican State Prelates
VATICAN CITY (NC) New distinctions and privileg
es, practically equal to those pertaining to Cardinals, have
been granted to the two ranking prelates of the Vatican Secre
tariate of State.
The two prelates are Msgrs. Domenico Tardini and Gio
vanni Battista Montini. Pro-Secretaries of State for Extraordin
ary Ecclesiastical Affairs and for Ordinary Affairs, respec
They have also been granted
most of the privileges of Cardi
nals listed in Canon 239 of the
Code of Canon Law. These privi
leges include that of hearing con
fessions anywhere in the world and
of preaching the word of God ev
erywhere. Twenty-four such privi
leges are listed the Canon.
tempt to extend the pattern of rac
ial segregation (apartheid) to trade
unions has been criticized by Sen
ator E. R. Browne as contrary
the Papal encyclicals.
It was Pope Pius himself who
revealed, in January 1953, that
he had planned to name both
Monsignor Tardini and Monsig
nor Montini to membership in
the Sacred College of Cardinals,
but that both begged him not to
do so.
The proposed extension is
corporated in the controversial
dustrial Conciliation Act amend
ment bill now before the Union of
South Africa parliament.
Addressing the Secret Consistory
at which the creation of new Cardi
nals was formally announced, the
Holy Father said:
“It was Our intention to include
in the number of your Sacred Col
lege two most worthy prelates who
are in charge, each in his own sec
tion. of the public affairs of the
Church, and their names were the
first aWe had written when We
drew up the list of Cardinals to be
“These prelates, however, giving
palpable evidence of their virtue,
requested Us so insistently to allow
them to decline this very high hon
or that We thought it fitting to
hear their oft expressed wishes
and repeated petitions.”
The Pope then recalled that, in
order “to honor their virtue with
some mark of recognition” he had
promoted them to the higher rank
of Pro-Secretaries “which will bet
ter and more fully bear testimony
to their field of intense activity.”
Traditionally, the papal Secre
tariate of State is headed by a
Cardinal-Secretary of State. How
ever. this office has been vacant
since the death, on August 22. 1944.
of Cardinal Luigi Maglione.
The reason for the upswing in el
ementary school enrollment is evi
dent after a look at Ohio birth
records. Births jumped to a high
of approximately 195. (MX) in 1947—
hence the record class of last fall.
Instead of declining, the rate ha»
stayed at or near that figure every
year since.
The tremendous influx of pupils
will necessitate the hiring of 30
new teachers, including 21 lay
teachers. Father Applegate said.
The task of recruiting new
teachers will not be easy, because
they were born in years when birth
totals were at low ebb in Ohio. The
birth rate in 1933, the year when
members of this year’s college
graduating class were born, hit an
all-time low of 95.000.
The school population growth
demonstrates the need for the pres
ent building program, which will
add within the next year 40 class-
Charges Dropped
As •French Line*
Cuts Are Made
be met
ion County Prosecutor Frank Fair
child dismissed criminal charges
against four theater operators and
a distributor representative after
the distributor agreed to substi
tute an "expui gated” version of
“The French Line’ for future
showing of the controversial film
in the Indianapolis area.
It was understood that the major
part of the dance sequence at the
end of the movie would be elimi
“Activity of the Holy See in
Year 1953,” just released by
Vatican publishing house.
According to this Brief, the
prelates are privileged to take their
place of precedence immediately
behind the Cardinals, thus preced
ing Patriarchs, Archbishops and
As the compromise settlement
was reached in Criminal Court
here. Prosecutor Fairchild urged
that the amendment of the present
anti-obscenity law on the books
since 1905 be made to definitely
cover motion pictures. In its pres
ent form, the statute covers only
the possession or exhibition of "ob
scene literature and pictures.” The
prosecutor also agreed to return to
the distributor a copy of the film
he had ordered seized early in the
Dedicate 5 New Churches
In Japan In One Month
TOKYO—(NC)—The past month
has seen the Consecration of five
new churches in Japan including
Our Lady of Tokyo, the largest ev
er built in this country, two dedi
cated to St. Pius X. and one built
by an American missionary.
There In No
aralion From
lour Religion
Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year
Grade Schools Gird
T7 4 11 rTle I 1
For All-lime Peak
Enrollment In Fall
The largest first grade class in history is expected to
swell the September enrollment in the 61 elementary schools
of the Columbus Diocese to an all-time record high
That’s why pastors are taking a second look at their class
room space and teaching rosters this summer. They have
only three short months to devise ways to utilize school space
to the best advantage, and to find
more instructors to teach the new
Father C. Bennett Applegate, Di
ocesan superintendent of Schools,
said this week that, based on school
registration figures, enrollment tn
the first eight grades will jump
from 16,344 to 18.712, an increase
of 13 per cent over the 1953-54
school year totals.
September’s first grade class,
moreover, will number 3944 stu
dents. of whom 2650 will enroll in
Catholic schools Columbus. The
present count, Father Applegate
said, is 3369. including 2152 pupils
in Columbus.
rooms in the Catholic school sys
Three new elementary schools,
containing a total of 26 classrooms,
are being constructed St. Mi
chael’s Parish, Worthington, in St.
Gabriel’s Parish, Mock Rd. and
W’oodland Ave., and in Holy Name
Parish, 154 E. Patterson Ave.
Finishing touches are being put
on a new six class room addition
to St. Vincent DePaul School in
Mt. Vernon. In addition, two four
classroom additions to Immaculate
Conception and St. Leo’s Schools,
both in Columbus, are in the pre
liminary stages.
To Be Topic Of
Prelate's Talk
Father Ralph
Gallagher, Di­
rector of the Institute of Social and
Industrial Relations and Chair
man of the Sociology Department
at Chicago's Loyola University,
will be a principal speaker at the
Annual Attorney General’s Con
ference on Crime Control in Co
lumbus on June 25 and 26. Attor
ney General William O'Neill an
nounced today. Father Gallagher
will address the conference, which
is composed of prosecuting attor
neys, sheriffs and other law en
forcement officials from Ohio'*
88 counties, on the subject of ju
venile delinquency.
An outstanding authority in the
fields of crime and delinquency,
Father Gallagher
Father Gallagher is the founder
of the Cook County (Chicago) Crime
Prevention Bureau and of the
Youth Bureau of the Chicago Park
District Police. He is currently act
ive as a member of the Midwest
Advisory Board Committee of the
President Signs Law
Changing Flag Pledge
WASHINGTON (NC) "Spiritual weapons” will for
ever be this country’s “most powerful resource,” President
Eisenhower said here today.
The President made this observation w hen he signed into
Act of Congress inserting the
law today Flag Day the
words "under God” into the pledge
of allegiance to the flag. The
pledge now' reads officially:
“I pledge allegiance to the Flag
of the United States of America
and to the Republic tor whicn it
stands, one nation under God in
divisible, with liberty and justice
for all.”
In signing the bill. President Eis
enhower made the following state
"From this day forward th*
millions of our school children
will daily proclaim in city and
town, every village and rural
school house, the dedication of
our nation and our people to the
Almighty. To anyone who truly
loves America, nothing could be
more inspiring than to contem
plate this rededication of our
youth, on each school morning,
to our country's true meaning.
“Especially is this meaningful as
we regard today’s world. Over the
globe, mankind has been cruelly
torn by violence and brutality and,
by the millions, deadened in the
mind and soul by a materialistic
philosophy of life Man everywhere? upon my flock in Chicago
Probation and Parole
Commission, the Mayor's Commit
tee on Narcotics and Sex Offend
ers and in the Juvenile Bureau of
the Chicago Police Department.
The Crime Control Conference
is sponsored by Attorney General
O'Neill in cooperation with the
Buckeye State Sheriffs’ Associa
tion, the Prosecuting Attorneys’ As
(Continued on Page 2)
is appalled by the prospects of
atomic war.
“In this way \e are reaffirming
the transcendence of religious faith
in America's heritage and future
in this way we shall constantly
strengthen those spiritual weapons
which forever will be our country’s
most powerful resouice in peace or
in war.”
—.-------------- o-------------------
Pontiff's Health Improved
CHICAGO—(NC)—His Holiness
Pope Pius XII "appeared wonder
fully improved since his recent ill
ness,” His Eminence Samuel Car
dinal Stritch. Archbishop of Chi
cago, said upon his return here
from Rome.
The Cardinal, who took part in
the ceremonies at St. Peter’s Basili
ca marking the canonization of St.
Pius X, said the Pope "spoke dur
ing the senices and to me during
a brief obedience ceremony with
a vigorous voice.” He added that
the Holy Father "smiled and then
asked me to extend his blessing

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