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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. August 13. 1954 THE CAI HOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Tunes. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send Al) Changes of Address to P. O Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Address all communications for publication to P. O Box 636, Columbus 16. Ohio Telephones: CA 4-5195 CA. 4-5196 Price ot The Catholic Time* i» S8 per rear. All »ioscr.rtir.n- tshouW be presented to our office threuch the pa-:tor* of the Retn ttaocee shotiM be made parable to The Cath olic Time*. Anonmouj communication* will be dieregarded it not hold ourselves reeponeibl* for anj view* or opinions eapre*«ed in the communication* of our Entered *r Second Claw Matter at Post Office. O’umhua. Oh,o. St. Franeia de Sate*. Patron of th* Catholic Preaa. Pray fur u- This Paper Printed by Union I^bor Youth Judges Youth One of the preying and much discussed prob ]ems of today is that of juvenile delinquencv That here is such a problem and that it has many ramifica tions both as to cause and cure no one uill deny But as in any case of this kind too many broad generalizations have been made and in a great many instances they hate been made at the expense of the younger generation, leaving the impression that ue are saddled with a brood ot rough-riding. blame shifting, irresponsible hottentots who are bent on driving their elders to distraction. An interesting sidelight to all this is a novel ex periment now being carried on in Ixniisville. Ky. A judge in the juvenile court there. Louis H. .lull, had long sought advice from every quarter to help him sohe the many problems connected with his work with young culprits. Finally, he thought of asking a previously untapped segment of society for help—the youngsters themselves. Last April the Judge established a youth advis ory committee composed entirely ol teen-agers, since, he said, “it occurs to me that every voice on the subject of juvenile delinquency is an adult voice It may he that most, if not all, adults think of youth as they wish they were, rather than they are-—adults do not always have an understanding of the views of their juniors.” The views of their “juniors” garnered from the Judges committee would indeed prove surprising to many adults. Some of them were: Juvenile delinquents and non delinquents “don't have the fear of the court they should have” “parents get too much of the blame for their children’s delinquency” “ill advised publicity given delinquents is an evil—-it gives glamour to the guilty ones” “most juvenile* put on proha tion believe that they have gotten off” and most surprising—it was the consensus of opinion that "the courts were in general too lenient!” Judge .lull and his committee are to be congrat ulated. We look forward to seeing some.tabulation of the result* of their collaboration. We’re willing to het next week's lunch money that like Roys’ Town. Nebraska, youth, given the chance and the proper guidance can go a long way towards solving its own problems. The Spirit of Man These people who climb mountains are big, hegrty, brawny hoys and we want to say right at th* outset that they are real nice fellows and that no offense is meant to them by us who find it in creasingly difficult to climb three flights of stair# every day to work. Lay them alpenstocks down, boys, our beef is with the carried away writers who report your sport. If further ameliorization is needed beforehand to quell anv feelings of retribution we recognize that. Pope Pius XI was, his younger days, an en thusiastic mountain climber and that there is even now a club devoted to that sport named after him. And Arnold Lunn, the great English apologrte, re ceived his gimpy leg following that rugged sport which he still loxes and promotes. But neither Achille Ratti nor Arnold Lunn ever came up with such hopeful but silly conclusions as a result of their peak climbing as one editorial writer did this week in the New York Timex. Writing of the justly acclaimed labors of the group that conquered Mount Godwin Austen, this writer eulogizes the "spirit of man" that brought victory to the climbers and states that while this spirit survives “we need not he anxmus as to the future of our civilization.” Why this spirit* Is it any different from the spirit that drives nur Aunt Bertha tn be the cham pion lotto player of Lucas County? Is it any dif ferent from the Spirit of Phineas T. Spreadtoe Phineas T., tno, was filled with the "spirit of man” usually every day. One day while laboring at his avocation he was challenged by the sight of a fifty-five story office building that no nne tn his knowledge, had ever climbed "Ila ha”t he laughed, deep in his throat- and remoxed his shoes. The .Spreadtoes came by their name justly. And so he began to climb Alone. Up the side of that there building With only the insatiable de sire (and the “spirit of man"), of reaching the top to keep him going. It began to snow at the twenty-fourth floor. And the wind hlew. He kept on though At the thirty ninth floor he wax attacked through a casement window by two ancient office workers who thought he was a peepmg-tom. Hr escaped by asking them if they still liked Ike and signing their autograph books "George Gallup Finally, he reached the top and after a few minutes of exhilarating realization of his feat or feat (he nexer explained which), he signed the*hack of his Dewey button, dropped it down the chimney and started his arduous descent. Once again on the pavement he and his "spirit” were loudly acclaimed from every side—-of which his head had four. People were hopeful and happy again. Atom bomb production fell off, and so did Phineas off the stool in Murphy saloon, cutting his head severely and breaking his neck. To the la*t hr was an inspiration tn all, reciting Willy Henley's “Invictus" as they carried him oft “My head is bloody, but unbowed,” were his last xx ords Hooray, for the “spirit” of man! High Cost Of Living The Agriculture Committee of the House of Rep resentatjves reported this week that while prices paid to farmers for food products haxe declined an axerage of 20 per cent in recent years, ictail prices in the same period have not tallen but. for some loods. have risen. Out oi every dollar that con tim ers spend for food the farmer at present gets 44 cents, while the rest goes for processing, marketing and transportation and it is because these “hand lers” have been increasing their charges that lower (arm prices have not been passed on to consumers. The report states that in 1948, when the farm price of wheat was $2.81 per bushel a one pound loaf of bread cost, at retail, an average of 13.8 cents now wheat has dropped to $1.91. but the one pound loaf of bread costs 17 cents. That is, wheat prices have dropped 32 per cent but the price of bread made from this lower priced wheat, has risen 23 per cent. This explains why we have farm surpluses at the same time we have a rising cost of Uving. but it does not explain why the Washington lawmakers, in drafting the new “reform” income tax bill, disre garded the/cost of living factor. They refused to cor rect' the personal exemption allowance, set at $606 when living costs were far lower than they are now. and thus they continue the penalizing of per sons of small income, especially those with depend ent children. But the bill does provide for a cut in taxation on income received as dividends on stock, and it is explained that this was done to encourage invest ment in industry, and thus permit plant expansion and "create” more jobs. Yet the experts say that the basic reason for the steady rise in the stock market in the past several months is the enormous amount of money that is available for investment— not only hy individuals but by trust funds, insur ance funds, pension funds, educational funds. One authority says that "more money than ever before in the history of this country is waiting to be in vested.” So the new tax law, while leaving still more mon ey the hand* of those who already have more than they can invest, will continue to take it away from those who have barely enough to live on, thus depriving the workers of purchasing power. .And what is the use of “expanding plant capacity” if what is now being produced cannot be bought up? Guest Editorial Tho Pittsburgh Catholic. Just Among Ourselves Passing Commont Considered or Inconsiderate Two hundred years ago, and just 22 years be fore the signing of our Declaration of Independence, an institution for higher learning was established New York. This was King’s College, later to be known as Columbia University. The first name on its register of pupils was that of De Witt Clinton, the Webster-like gentleman who looks at you sternly, and unheeded, every time you break open a pack of cigarettes, and (as by law required) tear the blue revenue stamp. And thus Columbia is celebrating its bicenten nial in this year of grace 1954 To show all the world that it is still Columbia the Gem of the Notion, it has lately,- among many academic and antic activi ties.—conducted a canvass of schools and colleges to find six Worthies upon whom scrolls of honor and distinction might be conferred. First of the six is a first-grade teacher from the State of Wash ington. Her citation declares her the perfect primary teacher "who first unlocks for our youngest citizens the treasure chests of books and pictures and ideas .” This First Worthy is, in fact, just an old-fash ioned country school teacher who. in early days, la bored by hand as well as by head and heart to make her schoolroom bright and attractive. Perhaps the iltra-progressive Columbia found reason or th'e kudos in the report that this teacher regards “adjustment as important as subject matter” and thinks that “a child should not be forced to study until he is ready.” The latter sentiment sounds progressive enough, that is, vague, and hazy and elusive in meaning. For how can you force a child to study even when he is ready? And how do you know w hen he is ready, if he is ever ready? Worthy Number Two teaches third and fourth grades. She believes in learning by doing. Her pu pil* begin the day by “exchanging ideas” and “tell ing each other stories.” This sort of pastime secures academic statu* by being labeled a “report period After the talkfest, the pupils go into action and sweep through “a bewildering array of projects” to teach them “science" -such as wiring the class room bell, building a weather station. Meanwhile they have "a good deal of fun They learn history by reading and trips around the community. They learn the power of words hy uttering spontaneous "poems." Thus does education advance in the third and fourth grades up in Manhasset, N.Y. A scroll for teacher or maybe a plaque! Third Worthy is a music teacher in an Atlanta ^igh school a Ijatinist of note, who wrote a master s thesis on the letters of Pliny the Younger. She be lieves that a teacher must study as well as teach. Nothing Columbiesque or progressive this, unless is be that Pliny the Younger is good equipment for a music teacher. Worthy Number four teaches "citizenship and problems of dcrpocracy” out in Oklahoma where the wind comes whistling o'er the the plain. She has "the very mode] of what the society-centered classroom should be.” Her classes scorn history as a mere narrative of events: they go in for conservation, land reclamation, and they are perfect little whizzes at campaigning for a new public library (in which interested citizens can read history as a narrative nf events). The Fifth Worthy is a middle aged man. de scribed as debonair, and a university professor. He believe* that "traditional subjects are less import ant than service to society.” Now, how can a man render any other than slave-service to society unless he possesses the intellectual tools supplied only by the “traditional subjects”? This is like saying that a knowledge of the skills of carpentry is less im portant than working to build the house well. Yet the debonair profe^or gets the call from Columbia. He sounds just progressive enough to be silly. Ijisl’of the Worthies t* a professor of philosophy at Yale, a “courtly scholar” and an “eloquent de fender of liberal education at its best.” Here is a piece of his courtly scholarship and eloquent de fence of liberal education. “The objective reality of beauty and its concrete embodiments, of goodness and its impact on human life, of God anil His rela tion to man. is the major premise of the human disciplines Deny this premise and you make thoughtful, reflective study of the arts and liter atures. of morality and religion, meaningless and im possible This is good stuff surely, although the phrase. “God and His relation to man.” is unfortun ate, it should be. “God and man's relation to Him.” But hand that first sentence of the professor's to any undergraduate,—yes, or to any graduate student the sentence beginning. “The objective real ity of beauty ." Bet you "even Stephen” that the young hopeful will he unable to analyze it, parse it. diagram it. or paraphrase it. What will the can didate make of the "impact of goodness on human life”? How mil he define “the humanistic discip lines”* For the matter nf that, what does he under stand hy “liberal education” tat its best or worst*) nevertheless, hand the plaque to the professor! It may make a good door stop. e Time says that the conferring of these honors nn the Six Worthies paints “a vivid portrait (sic-— and, O Time, O Mores. isn’t the right word picture?) of the vast variety of theory and practice in U.S. education itself." So it does indeed. And just what can Columbia be up to? Wouid J. Dewey approve of this* Would N. Butler? How comes it that pro gressivism approves “the humanistic disciplines,” and honors with plaque or scroll an old-time coun try school-teacher? Are we progressing hackwards? Why not a plaque for Pliny the Younger? And Pliny the Elder too while wt are at it? Columbia serves up a queer sort of pie. The four and twenty blackbirds must have startled the King (the old fellow with sixpence and a pocket ful of rye), hut at least they were all birds of a feather. The bicentennial pie of the Six Worthies is a confection of utterly different and mutually alien elements. If the King was startled at his dainty dish, what must be the astonishment in King’s College? But anyhow, ain’t education wonderful? washixctox letter WASHINGTON—This city has just observed the 200th anniver sary of the man who planned it. He was Maj. Charles Pierre L'Enfant, a French Catholic who had thrown in his Jot with the American cause in the Revolu tionary War. The occasion has served to recall a number of prominent Catholics associated with the ear ly days of what has become the “capital of the world.” Through acts passed by Con gress in 1790 and 1791, offers of land made by the States of Mary land and Virginia were accepted and the District of Columbia was constituted the seat of the na tional government. George Washington determin ed the exact boundaries of the area which ua* to be the Capital. The First President was also au thorized to appoint three com missioners to lay out and survey a portion of the District for a federal ctiy. to acquire the land, and to provide buildings for the residence of the President, the accommodation of Congress, and the use of the government de partments. One of the commissioners thus appointed was Daniel Carroll LOVIS F. Bl OEM Consider the condition of the United States a* of July 30. 1954. That is an important date. It was then that Red tore up our note of protest against its bar a i s and threw the piec e* in the face of official Wa .* i n glon. We can under stand the rep e u s a i on* through out Asia from that China in eficct act. The United States was made to appear a fifth-rate power, helpless and hopeless, in the eyes of the people of that conti nent. For Communist propagan da throughout “the colonial world,” as evidenced by the Cominform organ, has been that the United States was unable ev en to deal with “the small Kore an nation.” aided by “a few Chi nese volunteers.” On that same July 30. the au gust upper chamber of our Con gress was not concerning itself with how to make ineffectual this Red Chinese defiance. That body was dissipating its time in initiating hours of debate on whether to censure a Senator who had exposed the Red cell in the Government Printing Office, and who had discovered practic es in Army loyalty Boards which led to the elevation of a Com munist to be a Major. Hamstring Th* U S. The Soviet filth column noted with satisfaction the progress for the current Moscow-made line which was represented by this apparent impotence of the Unit ed States government to do any thing positive in its defense. The Daily Worker of July 28 went so far as to denounce as “Mc Carthyite terrorism” any move by this country to deal adequate The Murderer II ashington s History Recalled “of Duddington,” of the family of Archbishop John Carroll, first Bishop of the Hierarchy of the United State*. Daniel Carroll was one of the principal landed proprietors of the District. President Washington chose Major L'Enfant to draw up the plan for the City of Wa.*hing ton. James Hoban, a Catholic, won 4 by competition the prize offer ed for a plan for the President's House, which is now known as the White House. It was con structed according to his design. The site of the U.S. Capitol building occupies part of the land owned by Daniel Carroll, which the Catholic Encyclopedia says “was practically a gift from him to the United State*.'’ The architect of the U.S. Cap itol, Benjamin H. l^atrohe, a Protestant, was also the archi tect of the Cathedral of the As sumption in Baltimore, and su pervised the construction of both edifices at the same time. The Catholic Encyclopedia says Mr. 1 .atrobe was a devoted friend of Archbishop Carroll and that he “had generously given his serv ices gratis, and faithfully watch ed over the erection of the edi beating W ith The Daily Press ly with the barbarism of Red China, As late as July 20, it had played up in huge headlines the defiance by a man charged with being a Communist before the Senate Committee on Permanent Investigation. That has been its constant theme, to egg on those called before Congressional com mittees io degrade these agen cies of the American people by hoodlum-like defiance. We link up these two subjects the arrogance of Red China and “the struggle against Mc Carthyism" because the Com munists have made that tactic the central part of their line. In their secret conference of Sep tember. 1953. they specifically decided that pie uproar against “McCarthyism” should be the ve hicle to hamstring the United States from adopting a positive policy in international affairs. And so iar they have been more than successful. Conveyor* of Communist Lin* If we look for the key to their success, we will find it in the first place in the secular press of this country, taken by and large. On July 28. Archibald Roosevelt, Jhe son of the late President Theodore Roosevelt, could go so far as to say in a public statement that the New York Times and New York Her ald Tribune had become, what ever their motives, conveyors of the Communist line on too many occasions. These great metropolitan dai lies. which are almost totally si lent on any intelligent expose of the many facts now accumulated on Communist infiltration, affect the local dailies throughout the country by their assault on "Mc Carthyism” and the soft-pedaling of a strong American attitude. S*v*r Relation* A 11 o ugh handicapped, the people are not helpless in re gard to this daily press. They ii fice (the Cathedral).” The first local authorities of Washington were the President, three commissioners of his ap pointment, and the Levy Court. The city was incorporated in 1802, with a city council elected by the people, and a mayor ap pointed by the President. Rob ert Brent, a Catholic and nephew of Bishop Carroll, was the first mayor. He was reappointed again and again by Presidents Jeffer son and .Madison, and served un til 1812. Following Ma.vor Brent’s ten ure. the election of a mayor fell upon the council. In 1871, the corporation charters of Washing ton and Georgetown were abol ished by Congress, and since 1878 the National Capital has been administered by a board of three commissioners appointed by the President, with the ap proval of the Senate. For many years. Major L'En fant was buried in Prince Georges County, Maryland, on an estate belonging to the Cath olic Riggs family. More recent ly his remains lie in a tomb in front of the Lee Mansion over looking the City of Washington from a hill on the Virginia shore. can do much about it. In the first place, community leaders can make a practice of reading those publications which expose the Communist line, and from that information move organiza tions into action. One great weakness of those opposing Com munism has been their general inability to carry on within the organizations existing in every Community, getting these groups to take attitudes and pass reso lutions which will impress the local newspapers. If every reader of this col umn, as a beginning, would use the material which it contains to bring resolutions into local or ganizations, there would be a tremendous result therefrom. And the first resolution could be one that urged the severing of relations with the Soviet dicta torship. Present Th* Facts Another good move is to write to the local press in a courteous manner, giving the facts which disprove its statements. Recently in Dayton. Ohio, a columnist for the Journal Her ald declared that my statement that “the struggle against Mc Carthyism” was originated and stimulated by the Communists was "undocumented, unproved, and unprovable.” Immediately I replied with extensive documen tation. beginning with the orders by Gus Hall, then acting leader of the Communist conspiracy here, on March 23. 1950. to assail “McCarthyism.” I cited many other Red documents, including the June, 1953, issue of Political Affairs, which directed that "the mam fire” be directed against “McCarthyism.” 1 went on down to the June. 1954. issue of that Red organ, which shows that this “struggle” is for the purpose of ending all curbs on the con spiracy. MONSIGNOR Inquiry Corner Q. What is the difference be tween on oath and a vow? How can a person get out of them if circumstances change? A. An oath is the invocation of God to witness the truth of a statement while a vow is a prom ise made to God by which a per son binds himself under sin to do something especially pleasing to God. An oath which promises something may be removed by consent of the person to whom the promise was made or by duly constituted authority. It may also cease by reason of a change in the object of the promise or if it becomes sinful to carry out. This promissory oath may also cease if the reason for making it ceas es to exist or if the condition under which it was given ceases. A public vow (i.e. one officially accepted by the Church) can be removed only by Church authori ty, but a private vow (made di rectly to God) can often be dis solved by the confessor. In case of doubt about a promise or vow made to God the confessor should be asked. Q. What are some practical rules for solving doubts about consent to bad thoughts? Just what is full consent? A. Many of the saints (e.g. St. Catherine of Siena) tell of en during violent temptations in this regard. It is possible to suf fer persistent attacks of had thoughts and commit no sin at all. If there is a feeling of dis pleasure and a rejection of the evil thoughts with deliberate turning to prayer and to other thoughts there is no consent at all and no sin. If there is some delay combined with some pleasure or indifference to the danger of the evil thought it is partial consent and a vernal «hi. There is full consent and grave sin if the thought is recognized for what it is and not resisted. If there is doubt about a par ticular instance the advice of the confessor should be asked. Gen erally speaking if a person's con science is lax the presumption is against him and he should confess it as a serious sin, but a person with a delicate con science, not in the habit of yield ing consent, should presume con sent was lacking or was only partial. One way of keeping tabs on this growing interest in the ICP is to leaf through the index of new publications in the Held of labor economics, political science, industrial sociology and social ethics. To do this .even in a casual way, over a period of two or three years is to be persuaded that the Industry Council Plan is herp to stay. The consensus among those who are writing on the subject —and their number is constant ly increasing would seem to be that while it would be undesir able at the present time to es tablish any type of Industry Council Plan on a large scale, there ought to be "modest and tentative experimentation with it.Q. (Harold B.. Bowen. Social Responsibilities of the Business Man. page 174.) What is the proper position (sitting, standing, etc.) for Mass? I am a convert and I like to sit up front but I hate to do wrong thing. Under Nature's Guidancethe The most recent expression of this opinion by a non-Catholic ec onomist is to be found in a new book. “MassIntroduction A While the positions of the priests and others taking part in the is given in detail there is variation in customs for the laity. For a low Mass the kneeling position might be con- An to La bor by Clyde E. Dankert, pro fessor of economics at Dartmouth College. Aside from its brevity, there is only one trouble with Professor Dankeit’s less sympathetic the ICP.<p></p>ICP Father Healey------------------ HIGGINSorofmoretreatment Here Unfortunately he leaves the impression, referred to above, that there is an official Catholic Industry Council Plan with a capital P. He calls it The Catholic Plan in contradistinc tion to the type of Industry Council Plan advocated, for ex ample. by the CIO. There is good reason to be lieve that the so-called Indus try Council Plan is gradually coming intohts own among pro afessional social scientists. It is now taken rather serious ly in academic circles, which as recently as ten years ago, would have ignored it com- Professo1' Dankert hastens to add. however, that the underly ing concept ot this so-called Ca tholic Plan “has appealed to oth ers beside Catholic theologians and scholars.” Nevertheless his abbreviated treatment of the sub ject is apt to be rather mislead ing to the average reader, for it seems to imply that there is a specifically Catholic blueprint I e e1y or would have given it the once over light ly treat ment generally accorded to new ideas thought to be hopelessly impractical. sidered the ordinary or normal position. The faithful stand for the reading of the Gospel (also the Last Gospel) and as a rule when the priest enters and leaves the sanctuary. By custom in the United Slates the laity generally sit at the Offertory (when the Mass servers go to get the wine and water) and sometimes after the Communion (after the puri fication of the chalice). It is also a general custom for the laity to stand during the Credo, but there is some variation there. The same general rule applies to High Mass, but the congregation stands (or certain sung prayers (Collects, Gloria, Credo. Pref ace and Postcommunions) and sits whenever the priest does. Q. Is not “death-bed repent ance" unfair? A wicked man might get by that way while an other who died suddenly might Idse his soul because he didn't hare the opportunity. A. Nothing relating to our eternal salvation is unfair. God has given us all an opportunity to share His Life in heaven and this supernatural life is a pure gift. Some are born into environ ments and perhaps with certain handicaps (e g. deformed or dis eased bodies) which seem to give them less chance of salvation than others. Often those whom we judge wicked (as men judg ed St. Mary Magdalene, Zacchae us, the Good Thief, etc.) have had such handicaps. God alone knows the true record of a man's life but we know that no one is deprived of heaven except by his own perverse will and no one gains it except by response to God’s grace. We know’ that there afe degrees of holiness and consequently degrees of hap piness in heaven, and no one “gets by” with anything nor does anyone get cheated. See the parable of the workers in the vineyard. (Matthew (20:1-16) Q. What is the difference be tween a Very Reverend and a Right Reverend Monsignor? A. The Catholic Encyclopedia states that this is a general title of distinction “attached to nu merous dignities conferred by the Pope.” In English-speaking countries, however, archbishops and bishops have more specific forms of address and the title is given to priests who are special ly honored by the Pope. A very Reverend Monsignor is a papal chamberlain, while a right rev erend monsignor is a domestic prelate. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey, The Inquiry Cor ner, The Catholic Times, Box 636. Columbus (16) Ohio. To Stay for the reconstruction of the so cial order. The fact is that the practical application of encyclical principles (which principles are derived, not from Divine Revela tion, but from the Natural Law) is beyond the competence of the official Church. Pope us XI makes this very clear in his encyclical, “On Re constructing the Social Order.0 It is “under nature's guidance.” he says, “that those who fol low the same industry or profes sion—whether in the economic or other field—form guilds or associations. These guilds or associations (industry councils present-day American termin ology) are properly regarded by many "as natural, even essential, to civil society.” This does not mean that there is an official Catholic version of the Industry Council Plan. On the contrary, His Holiness con cludes that “the teaching of Leo XIII on the form of polit ical government, namely, that men are free to choose whatever form they plea?*, provided that proper regard is had for the re quirements of justice and of the common good, is equally applic able n due proportion ... to the guilds of the various indus tries and professions.” Tim* For Discussion For a number of reasons it is rather important that this dis tinction the practical order be kept clearly in mind in any discussion of the Industry Coun cil Plan. For one thing, there is reason to believe that some peo ple have shied away from the so called Industry Council Plan for fear of being committed in ad vance to a particular version of of the “plan” with v hich they may happen to disagree. This may or may not account for the iact that the Industry Council Plan is not even men tioned, for example, in a new college textbook recently pub lished by the Jesuit Institute of Social Ordar in St. Louis, under the title “Social Orientations.” Whatever the explanation, it is to be hoped that the subject will be adequately treated the sec ond edition ot this important vol ume. It is to be expected, of course, that there will be differences of opinion among Catholic scholars as to the'meaning of these prin ciples anti, more particularly, as to the best way of putting them into practice. These differences can be minimized, if not com pletely eliminated by the give and take of scholarly discussion. Now is the time to inaugurate this discussion on the widest possible scale.