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The Road To
True Peace Lead* Through Mary Vol. Ill, No. 48 Cleveland Educator To Speak At Labor Day Mass Monday Father Francis W. Carney, S.T.D., director of the Institute of Social Education at St. John College. Cleveland, will give the principal address at the tenth annual Labor Day Mass at 10 a. m. Sept. 6 in St. Joseph Cathedral. Bishop Ready will preside at the Solemn High Mass, Coram Episco po. Msgr. Paul O’Dea will be the assistant priest to Bishop Ready and Msgr. William E. Kappes and Msgr. Edward F. Spiers will be his deacons of honor. The Mass will be celebrated by Msgr. Roland T. Winel, Chancellor of the Diocese. Assisting Monsig nor Winel in the Mass will be Fa ther Augustine Winkler, Deacon, and Father Lawrence Corcoran, sub-deacon. The minor ministers will be the seminarians from St. Charles Seminary. Father F. Thomas Gallen, profes sor of Church Music at St. Charles Seminary, will direct the choir. Civic officials, as well as repre sentatives of the AFL. CIO and in dependent unions, will attend the Mass to ask God s blessings on the working man. The speaker, in addition to his position as head of the adult edu Father Carney cation program at St. John s Col lege, is also a professor of philoso phy at the college, director of Family Life in the Cleveland Dio cese, and moderator of the Cath olic Physicians’ and Dentists’ Guild in Cleveland. Active in social work in the Diocese, Father Carney is a member of the Social Protec tion Committee and the Adult To the Reverend Clergy, Religious •nd Faithful of the Diocese of Columbus. My beloved Brethren: Education Committee of the Cleveland Welfare Federation. Prior to his ordination in 1940, Father Carney attended John Car roll University, St. Mary Seminary, Cleveland, and Gregorian Universi ty in Rome. He earned a doctorate in Sacred Theology at the Catho lic University in Washington in 1943. In a letter encouraging attend ance at the special Mass, and em phasizing the spiritual significance of the event, Bishop Ready declar ed that Labor Day is an appropri ate occasion to pray for God's blessings on all who work and who hire labor, to the end that they may live and work together as brothers in the love of Jesus Christ, our Saviour. We cannot ex pect God's blessings if we do not keep God's law of love toward our neighbor.” Bishop Ready also reviewed the purposes of the religious celebra tion during the past decade. He as serted: ‘'During those ten years through the Holy Mast we have petitioned God's guidance for the leaders of our Country. We have asked Hit blessing on the homes and families of the men and women in the shops and mills and mines and offices and on the farms of our land whoso skill and labor contribute so much to the peace and prosperi ty (of the whole world. We have endeavored by these annual cel ebrations to give a religious sig nificance to the holiday and thereby put in true focus the unity of human society. “There is no room for class con flict in a real brotherhood. We have wished, too. that all workers be regarded according to the standards of Christian justice and in the light of their dignity as children of God It is good to have these annual religious ceremonies as a means of getting men to think of their dignity and destiny, of their basic obligations to their families and to the communities of which they are a part. “It is well to have emphasized that the great evil of the day is materialism and to recall the eter (Continued on Page 2) Official School doors will open Tuesday, September 7th. for the growing legion of youth. Our Catholic schools will receive more than 25000 sons and daughters of the families of this Community. Of this num ber 20,045 will attend elementary schools and 5041 young men and women will be enrolled in high schools. A force of almost one thou sand Priests and Sisters and lay teachers stand ready to serve these youth in a very important period of their lives. These statistics indicate the vast scope of our educational system but they do not tell the story of the new’ schools provided nor facilities enlarged to receive 1200 children who begin their educa tion this September. The Reverend Pastors of the Diocese and the devoted people of the Parishes know the sacrifices involved in this expansion. The Sisters and teachers will soon take up the heavy burden of giving instruction to this army of youth. A further quick glance at the statistics brings out the fact that our Catholic people are giving to Columbus and the other cities of the Diocese an annual financial contribution of more than four and one-half million dollars. It would take that amount of added tax money annually to teach the Catholic youth who now receive their full Christian education in our religious schools. It does not include the other millions which have built and maintained our school system. Indeed, my beloved Brethren, this indicates not only the vast scope of our schoool system but it puts in capital letters the great contribution of Priests and Sisters to our parish and diocesan schools. The building, development, and maintenance of our schools have been made possible by the faith, and understanding of our loyal and generous Catholic people. Pastors, teachers and parents have cooperated to make our system of education the outstanding mark of American Catholic life. It is the living monument of our love of God and the imperishable evidence of our patriotic devotion to our Country. I urge you, my Brethren, to regard well this great treasure of Catholic life in this nation. Support generously your schools and cooperate in promoting their programs for youths’ spiritual and material welfare. With my blessing, Statistics cannot record the true value of our schools in bring ing youth to the love and service of Our Lord. Jesus Christ. They cannot measure the high quality of moral training which boys and girls receive from religious instruction and from the holy example of Pastors and Sisters. They cannot sound the depths of sanctity which frequent reception of the Sacraments and presence at Holy Mass produce in the lives of our Catholic students. But these are the essential necessities of life. No parent worthy of the name will hesitate to give his child the knowledge of God which leads to His loyal service nor to provide the means for that child's fulfilling of his destiny here and hereafter. I beg you to join me in thanking God for the heritage that is ours and of beseeching His blessing on our schools throughout the new year. MaV Mary, our Immaculate Mother, guard and guide the devoted teachers and beloved children of our schools and lead them in holiness to her Son, Our Savior, Jesus Christ. August 25, 1954 Devotedly in Christ MICHAEL READY Bishop of Columbus Negro Priest Sees End Of Segregation NEW YORK (NC) A Ne gro priest, born in the North and now stationed in the deep South, foresees the end of racial segrega tion. Father Albert McKnight, C.S.Sp., a native of Brooklyn. NA'., has been a curate in St. Paul's parish, Lafayette, La., for a year. In that time he has revised some of his opinions about the South. He has come to see the area as a challeng ing field for a priest, particularly a Negro priest, he stated at the Cath olic Interracial Forum here. “To understand the racial situa tion in the South you must keep in mind the basic concept that peo ple don’t like change,” Father Mc Knight said. Although racial preju dices are “deeply ingrained” in the South, “many classical forms of segregation are breaking down.” As an indication of the trend toward change there, he pointed out that the other two priests at St. Paul's are white. At the time of his appointment there was some doubt in the minds of his superiors that the local commun ity would accept the idea of white and Negro priests living in the same rectory. ‘'The people took it in stride," he said. “It is terrible to see the effects of segregation among Negroes,” Father McKnight declared. “It has engendered an inferiority complex which often causes them to lower themselves in their own estima tion.” In summary, Father McKnight said he was hopeful that the ma jor problems of segregation in the South will be solved within the next ten years. -------------------o------------------- RKO Begins Legal Fight To End Censorship BOSTON, Mass. (NC) RKO Radio Pictures has chal lenged the constitutionality of censorship laws in three suits filed here after Boston banned the producer’s condemned movie, “French Line.” In all three cases the com plaints use recent Supreme Court movie decisions as a basis for charging that the censor laws are too vague and in definite. The complaints also charge that freedom of speech has been violated and claims that all censorship of motion pictures is unconstitutional. Attorneys for the film produc ing firm indicated that the suits may ultimately be carried to the Supreme Court, “and should we win them, the censorship laws of this state could be wiped out.” The first suit attacks the consti tutionality of the “Sunday laws” which exist throughout the State of Massachusettts the second suit is directed against the Mayor of Lynn, Mass., w ho forced withdrawal of “French Line” there and the third is directed against Boston’s censorship board which includes Boston's mayor and police commis. sioner. The “Sunday laws” limit Sunday entertainment to shows “in keep ing with the character of the day and not inconsistent with the due observance thereof.” "French Line” has not been allowed a show ing on Sundays throughout Massa chusetts. The film was banned completely from Bo«ton. --------1----------o------------------■ Vatican Official, Ex-U. S. Resident, Dies Suddenly VATICAN CITY—(NC) Arch bishop Filippo Bernardini. 69. sec retary of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith died suddenly (on August 25) of a heart attack while vacationing in his native town of Pieve di Ussita. He was for 19 years a member of the faculty of the Catholic Univer. sity of America. Archbishop Bernardini went to Washington, D. C„ in 1914. as as sistant professor of canon law at the Catholic University. He event ually became dean of the faculty of canon law before leaving Washing ton in 1933 to become Apostolic Delegate to Australia. Archbishop Bernardini was a close personal friend of Bishop Ready. The two prelates’ work brought them together many times both in this country and abroad. It was Archbishop Bernardini who conferred the rank of Domes tic Prelate upon Monsignor Her man Mattingly, pastor of Holy Rosary Church, Columbus, in Ge neva. Switzerland, after that honor had been bestowed upon him by Pope Pius XII. —o------------------ Classics To Be Published NEW YORK (NC) The new Doubleday Image Books, hailed by many Catholic magazines and pa pers as a maior even' in Catholic letters, will be published October 14. ON y L’j” IS 10 OHIO The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, September 3, 1954 communism, the Social Action De partment of the National Catholic Welfare Conference warned. The department's annual l^abor Day statement asked Catholics, both in management and labor, to place their efforts for a better eco nomic order under the special pa tronage of St. Pius X. the recently canonized Pope, who had been ded icated to social reform. It said that “Labor Day has al most come to be regarded as an unofficial holy day in the United Slates.” Attendance at Labor Day Masses by thousands of employers and workers in the nation's major industrial cities was called “a sin cere expression of religious faith” rather than “an empty gesture or a mere formality.” Tha Labor Day Stafament call ad for forthright experimant in tha diraction of cooperation on an industry-wide basis and for further development of self government within industries At the same time it scored "a ten dency to overemphasize the role of government" in economic planning. Suggesting “the way in which we ought to proceed,” the state ment said, “the stage is set for a new and better era of labor-man agement cooperation baed upon our essentially sound tradition ot collective bargaining.” Progress Urged It traced the following develop ment in U.S. social reconstruction, urging “greater and more rapid progress” in: —Collective bargaining which will “quite possibly determine the fate of our economic system as a whole” as well as the fate of many other countries. Collective bargain ing is now ‘'on the threshold of maturity.” tUe statement said, and its range Is constantly being ex panded beyond such problems as wages, hours, and working condi tions. —Self-government within indus tries, a gradual development re sulting from collective bargaining, is becoming industry-wide ir scope. Labor and management, through mutual agreement, have come to recognize that each concern is a small community and that there is also a community of industries. “Cooperation within industries for the general welfare should be matched by cooperation among all industries to the same end.’ the statement said. Aeic School Addition Dedicated At Mt. Vernon Bishop Ready is shown above as he officiated at the dedication ceremonies of the new $200,000 six room addition to St. Vincent de Paul School, Mt. Vernon, Sunday. The dedication ceremonies followed the 11:30 a. m. Mass which was celebrated by the Bishop. The new addition provides facilities for 300 more students. Assisting Bishop Ready in the ceremonies were Father Ambrose Freund, pastor of Sacred Heart Parish, New Philadelphia, deacon, and Father Hubert Rubeck, administrator of St. Luke Parish, Danville, subdeacon. Father Eugene Dunn, pastor of St. Vincent de Paul Parish is at the extreme right. NCWC Labor Day Statement Cites Need Eor Social Justice WASHINGTON (NC) Labor Day is almost an “unofficial holy dav” that calls for action on the part of all Americans who want social justice, a special Labor Day statement has declared. And Labor Day, 1954, demands an all-out effort for a full-fledged, industry-wide sys tem of labor-management cooperation, the statement said. a U S. leadership in social justice is a “desperately important” weapon Against world —I n u str y-w ide cooperation should increase “for the good of the whole industry and its people and for the good of the public that uses their goods or services.” Ex amples of this are growing in number, the statement said, and "deserve commendation as pioneers of a better future.” It said that "there is reason to hope that, with a decent min imum of good will on the part of organized labor and organized management, the institution of collective bargaining will grad ually blossom into a full-fledged system of cooperation on an in dustry-wide basis by business or ganizations and unions and that this system will help to make American economic life serve the purposes of the moral law Diocesan School Enrollment Stands At All-Time Record Level of 25,000 Pupils more effectively. It is our opin ion that the time is ripe for a generous and forthright experi ment in this direction." The statement emphasized that responsibility lor applying the principles of morality to economic life belongs primarily to labor and management “cooperating with one another through their own free as sociations.” It said that in the Unit ed States too many economists and legislators assume that govern ment controls must do the job “more or less exclusively.” “The primary emphasis ought to be placed on the cooperative de cision-making of labor organiza tions and business associations w ith governmental action being held to a secondary role and a (Continued on Page 2) Pictured above are three of the priests who will serve on the faculty of the new Bishop Watterson High School, when doors open Sept. 13 to a freshman class.. They are (left to right) Father John Tague, S.T.L., Father Donald Schulz, M.A., and Father Peter Essman, S.T.D. These priests in ad dition to the Dominican Sisters from St. Mary of the Springs, and lay teachers, compose the faculty of the new school. The principal is Msgr. Edward F. Spiers, Ph. D. Father Bennett Applegate, super intendent of schools, estimated that 19.045 pupils would enroll in elementary schools, an increase of 1600 over last year. This year's high school population will be ap proximately 5,040 students, some 600 more than in September. 1953. The 25.000 enrollment figure represents an increase of 10.675. including 8,345 grade school pupils, in the past decade Bishop Ready, recognizing the need of new and expanded schools, began early to provide for this increase Eight new ele mentary schools have been estab lished in the past 10 years* and high schools in Portsmouth and Zanesville have been consolidat ed. In all, 91 classrooms have been added. The 1954-55 school year will wit ness the completion of seven new schools. Foremost among these is the new $1,000,000 Bishop Watter son High School, which will ac cept a fieshman class Sept. 13. Another new high school ready for occupancy is the $235,000 St. Mary’s School, in Immaculate Con ception Parish. Dennjy-on. On the elementary level, new schools are in construction in St. Michael s Parish. Morthington. and Holy Name and St. Gabriel's in Co lumbus. The first floor of the $272. 500, 10-classroom St. Michaels School will be ready tor occupan-. cy next week, and the finishing touches will be put on the building by the end of September. The $184,869 Holy Name School, which will have 8 classrooms, will be completed late this fall. St. Ga briel's new 8-classroom school will open its doors for the first time Tuesday, although the building will Father Cui ran had been granted a year’s leave of absence from the diocese by Bish, op Ready to teach at the Uni. versify of Lou vain in Belgium. The day-long program, to be held on the Fordham Uni versity campus, will be conduct ed in conjunc tion with the 52nd annual meeting of the Father Curran American Psjcho- There I* No acation From Your Religion Price Ton Cent* $3.00 A Year Figures Denote 10,000 Increase In Past Decade More than 25,000 children an all-time record number are expected to enroll in the greatly enlarged diocesan school system, when the school bells signal the beginning of a new- term next week. Opening day for elementary schools is Tuesday, while practically all high schools will begin classes Wednesday. This enrollment of children in the Diocesan schools marks a sav ing for the State of nearly $4,500. 000 for pupil training alone in one year. not be fully completed until about two weeks after the start of the new term. A fourth new school also is plan ned—this one in the newly-form ed St. Agnes Parish. Opening of that school is tentatively schedul ed for September, 1955. Current projects, either in the planning oi construction stage, in volve additions to Immaculate Conception, St. Leo's and St Agatha's Schools in Columbus. The 4-classroom $240,000 addition at Immaculate Conception will be completed Feb. 1, and a similar addition at St. l^eo’s will be ready for occupancy in mid-October. In the preliminary’ planning stage is an extensive addition to St. Aga tha's School. The two-story, six room addition to St ’Vincent de Paul s School. Mt. Vernon has already been complet ed. During the scholastic year, 1953-54, $163,335 was expended in the renovation and addition of classroom facilities. During the current year, the work un der construction in the ele mentary and secondary schools in the diocese is estimated at $2,027,222. Besides this investment, the op erating expenses of these 85 schools in the diocese indicate that the parochial schools save Ohio taxpayers a tremendous expense each year. According to statistics furnished by the State Department of Educa tion. it co-1- he state $309.65 a year per high school pupil, and $184.15 a year per grade school pupil. Thus, the parochial school sys tem in the diocese saves the state $3,506,136 for grade school children and $928,300 for high school pupils in a single year. Father Curran To Open Psychologists* Meeting Father Charles A. Curran, professor of psychology at St. Charles Seminary in Columbus and President of the American Catholic Psychological Association will fly back to this country this week to attend the psychological organization’s eighth annual meeting Sept. 7 in New York logical Association, being held in New York City from September 3 to 8. Activities will begin with Mass in the Fordham University Church celebrated by Father Curran. The opening session will be ad dressed by Father Laurence J. Mc Ginley. S.J.. president of Fordham University. A panel discussion on “Catholics in Psychology.” presid ed over by Professor Lester N. Recktenwald of Villanova Univer sity, will include: Father Henryk Misiak. assistant professor of psy chology at Fordham university, who will discuss “What Catholics Are Doing in Psychology at Home and Abroad Dr. Virginia M. Staudt, of the psychology department of Hunter College. N. Y.. speaking on “Opportunities In the Several Areas of Research and Service” and Sister Mary Amatora, of St. Francis College. Fort Wayne. Ind., whose topic will be “The Encour agement of Leadership in Psychol ogy Among Catholics.” A business meeting at which new officers will be elected will fol low the opening session. The afternoon session will in clude a symposium on “Psychother apy and Religion” w»th Father Noel Mailloux, O.P.. director of the In stitute of Psychology, University of Montreal Father Joseph .Kee gan. S.J., chairman of the psychol ogy department, Fordham Univer sity: Dr. Harry V. McNeill, of the U.S. Department of Health. Educa tion and Welfare and Thomas Thale, D. of the Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, School of Medicine, St. Louis University. The program will conclude with dinner at which Father Curran will deliver the presidential address on “The Catholic's Role Scientific Psychology.” Founded in 1947. the American Catholic Psychological Association seeks to interpret to Catholics the meaning of modern psychology, to advance its acceptance in Catholic circles and to work toward the in tegration of psychology with Cath. ohc thought and practice.