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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, September 10, 1954, Image 1

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The Road To
True Peace Lead*
Through Mary
Vol. Ill, No. 49
Birth Control Attacked
As “Fatal Blunder” By
Vatican's Osservatore
ROME —(NC)— In its
A front-page article in Osserva
tore on the day the Congress open
ed recalled an address of His Holi
ness Pope Pius XII last year when
he said:
“No solution of population prob
lems can ever be considered to be
in accordance with justice and
truth unless it holds the sacred
and intangible value of human life
in due account or if it in any way
neglects the rules that regulate its
well-ordered transmission.”
The Vatican City newspaper said
the day is past when public opin
ion can be frightened by represent
ing hunger as being just around
the corner.
"We are called on today," con
tinued Osservatore, "to perform
a far more difficult task and
propagate a spirit of solidarity
and reciprocal help between the
privileged and underdeveloped
Sundav Mass
Will Honor
Marv's Name
VATICAN CITY’ (Radio, NC)
—The Mass of the Feast of the
Holy Name of Mary may be
celebrated next Sunday in
stead of the Mass for the *14th
Sunday after Pentecost. His
Holiness Pope Pius XII has de
creed.
The feast of the Holy Name of
Mary on September 12. with the
rank of a greater double, would
not crdmarily take precedence over
th** Mass of he Sunday.
The decree issued through the
Sacred Congregation of Rites ex
tents conventual Masses from those
which may be celebrated in honor
of the Holy Name of Mary. Con
ventual Masses are those said daily
in monasteries and convents for
the members of the community.
In the Holy Name Mass, the ora
tion "Exaudi, Quaesumus” is to be
added under one conclusion, the
decree says. The Mass of the 14th
Sunday after Pentecost is to be
commemorated and its Gospel read
as the Last Gospel.
o-------------------
Holv Father
Names 2 New
Auxiliaries
WASHINGTON—(NC)—His Holi
ness Pope Pius XII has elevated
two Detroit pastors—one of them
the Chancellor of the archdiocese
—to be Titular Bishops and Aux
iliaries to His Eminence Edward
Cardmal Mooney,
Deloit.
Archbishop of
Henrv E. Don
St. Catharine’s
nrmed Titular
and Msffr.
Ti'ey are Mspr.
nelly, pastor of
Church, who was
Pi«hon of Tymbrias.
John A Donovan, pastor of St.
.A’oysiv® Church and archdiocesan
r’-ancellnr, who was appointed
T’’”’ar Bishon of Bulla Regia.
Tho nominations were announc
ed tod?v hv His ExceHencv Ardh
Hshon Amleto Giovanni Cico«nafti.
Anostolic 3e egate to the United
Stales.
Bishon-elect Donnelly was horn
Aug. 28. 1004. at Hudson. Mich.,
the son
Patrick
mother
son.
of Henry P. ?nd Mar Fitz.
Donnell.’. His widowed
is still a resident of Hud-
Bishop-elect Donovan, a native of
Chatham. Ont., was born on Au
gust 5, 1911. and is the son of the
late John J. Donovan His mother,
the former Mary O’Rourke, now
lives in Detroit.
second comment relative to the
World Congress on Population here, the Vatican City news
paper Osservatore Romano called artificial birth control a
“fatal blunder.,”
The population congress had heard an address stating
that the Social Assistance Ministry in Tokyo estimated at
least one-third of the married couples in Japan were using
birth control. The Vatican paper said “this ever vaster and
more rapid pace toward the suicide of nations” is “one of
the more apocalyptic signs of the hour.”
More than 500 scientists, statis
ticians and other population ex
perts from 70 countries are attend
ing the conference sponsored by
the United Nations. Among them
are scientists from the Soviet Un
ion and some of the satellite coun
tries.
Although professional birth con
trol advocates voiced their usual
recommendations for the solution
of the world's population problem,
the Congress was giving its more
serious attention to other elements
in the population picture: food,
Foil, atomic energy,* migration, in
dustrialization and o u 1 a tion
shifts.
In its comment on the Japanese
figures, Osservatore Romano said:
"The sources of life are not
tike irrigation waters where
gates can be opened or closed
according to the needs of culti
vation. Even in a pagan country,
it added, "a remedy which opens
a path to death can be nothing
but illusory."
economies that is an indispens
able premise for the equiteble
division of goods."
The Holy Father was scheduled
to gf!mt an audience to the people
attending the conference on Sep
tember 8. but it was not known
whether or not he would give an
address at that time.
Each expert attending the con
ference expresses his own private
(Continued on Page 3)
Masses In 9
Rites Planned
For Congress
PHILADELPHIA—(NC) Nine
Masses in nine various rites w ill be
celebrated at one time during the
National Eucharistic Marion Con
gress of the Oriental Rites to be
held he-e Oct. 22 to 24 TIree Card
inals, and ten Archbishops and
Bishops from this country, Canada.
Europe and the Near East will be
the celebrants and preachers at
the three days of religious cere
monies. The Cardinals will be: His
Eminence Peter XV
Agagianian. Patriarch of
the Armenians His
Samuel Cardinal Stritch,
op of Chicago, and His
Thomas Cardinal Tien.
Archbishop of Peking. China.
Hosts for the Congress will be
Bishop Constantine Bohachevsky,
Apostolic Exarch for Ukranian Ca
tholics in the United States, and
Archbishop John F. O’Hara, C.S.C.,
of Philadelphia. Chairman will be
Auxiliary Bishop Ambrose Seny
shyn. of the Ukranian Catholic Ex.
archate.
Health Week Set
Applicants may enroll at desks
in the Neil House and Hartman
Theatre lobbies during the week of
September 13
A MINK
newspaper division
OHIO STATE MUSEUM
Cardinal
Cilicia of
Eminence
Archbish
Eminence
S.V.D.,
The Concelebration of Divine
Liturgy will be offered twice. The
altars will be arranged in a cir
cle, with each priest and his as
sistants dressed in the garb of
their rite. Seven of the rites in
volved are Byzantine: Melchites,
Ukrainians, Rumanians, Russians,
Ruthenians, Slovaks, and Hungar
ians. The last three will all be
at one altar. The others are:
Chaldean, Latin, Maronite and
Armenian.
Restrain, O Lord, the army of
Thy justice which could reduce to
nothing those who dare to become
guilty of such great impiety.
o-------------------
The Board of Trustees of Central
Hospital Service has designated
September 13-18. inclusive, as Blue
Cross Health Week in Columbus
and Franklin County. Blue Cross
represents the Columbus hospitals
in this enrollment.
Accept the hymn of glory which
rises incessantly from all of na
ture: from the water which Hows
limpid and silent from the spring
to the stars which, impelled
Love, shine and revoke in
mense arcs in the heights of
heavens. Accept in reparation
chorus of praises which rises, as
incense before the altars, from
so many saintly souls who without
ever straying walk in the pathways
oT Thy law and with constant
Labor Day Speaker Emphasizes:
Bishop Ready stands on the front steps of St. Joseph
Cathedral Monday with a number of persons who attended
the tenth annual Labor Day Mass. Bishop Ready presided
at the special Mass, held each year to invoke God's blessings
on the working man. Civic officials and representatives of
Pontiff's Praver Highlights
Vatican Citv Marian Rites
VATICAN CITY -«NG—His Holiness Pope Pius XII com
posed a prayer of reparation for blasphemy as a feature foi
the impressive Marian celebrations which opened here on
Sept. 8.
The Pontiff himself attended the opening session of the
International Congress of Marian Congregations atti acting
countries.
some 15,000 delegates from 62
The Pope's prayer begs God to
overlook the wickedness of those
that of the Blessed Virgin and
who blaspheme His name.
The Marian gathering here is
the first international meeting of
the Marian congregations since
their federation in 1953. The ses
sions will last till Sept. 12.
Here is the text of the Pope's
prayer:
Oh. Most August Trinity, al
though infinitely happy from all
eternity in and for Thyself, deign
to accept graciously the homage
which ascends from universal
creation to Thy exalted throne.
Turn away Thine eyes, for this we
beseech Thee, and withdraw Thine
ears from those unfortunate per
sons who. being either blinded by
passion or carried away by dia
bolical impulse, wickedly blas
pheme Thy name and that of the
most pure Virgin Mary and of the
saints.
im
the
the
Ground Broken At New Parish Site
4
Ground was broken Sunday for the new parish church of St. Agnes soon to be erected on Mound
street at the corner of Wheatland avenue, Columbus. Father Robert Schmidt, the newly appointed
pastor of St. Agnes parish is shown turning the fi. st spadeful of earth to begin the construction pro
ject. Immediately after this ceremony, a check in the amount of $4,700, St. Agnes' share in the joint
festivel held on the ground of St. Aloysius Church, part of whose territory was used to make up the
new parish, was presented to Father Schmidt by the committee which supervised the festival. Looking
on during the ceremonies were Father James Kulp, Diocesan Director of the Propagation of the
Faith, Father Bennett Applegate, Diocesan Superintendent of Schools who had been the administrator
of St. Agnes parish from its foundation by Bishop Ready last April until the appointment of Father
Schmidt and Father William Maloney, pastor of St. Aloysius parish, Columbus.
Dr. Frank
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, September 10, 1954
works of charity and penance seek
to placate Thy outraged justice.
Listen to the chant of so many
chosen spirits who consecrate
their lives
Thy
which the Church offers
every hour and under
heavens.
spirits
to the celebration of
glory, the perennial praise
Thee at
all the
with all
And grant that one day
blasphemous hearts
Thee, every
converted to
tongue and every
mouth may harmoniously join in
intoning here below that canticle
which resounds without end in
the choirs of angels: Holy, holy,
holy is the Ixnd God of Hosts. The
heavens and the earth are filled
with Thy Glory. Amen.
atholic mes
Labor I as Duties To Management And Public
the AFL, CIO and independent unions attended the Mass,
celebrated by Msgr. Roland T. Wind, chancellor of the Dio
cese. Guest speaker was Father Francis W. Carney, S.T.D.,
director of the Institute of Social Education at St. John Col
lege, Cleveland.
Red Rule In Hungary
Described To Probers:
Sav Soviets Plan W ar
CLEVELAND —(NC)— A parade of witnesses—each with
“I was there” accounts—told a U. S. House Subcommittee here
how the communists used fear, torture, and rape to crush
Hungary and how, as far back as seven years ago, the Red
Army was preparing tor war with America
The subcommittee, formed to in
vestigate communist atrocities and
aggression, heard housewives, uni
versity professors, and former offi
cials in the Hungarian government.
Their testimony emphasized that:
openly discarded
other agreements
The Russians
Yalta and all
'with the West immediately after
World War II and began prepar
ing for the war that would destroy
America.
The communists in Hungary
made a step by step attack against
religion until all churches either
were silenced or crushed.
The Red Army used wholesale
Charter To Be Given
To Serra Club Tuesday
Bishop Ready will give the principal address at a dinner
meeting Tuesday at which the Columbus chapter of Serra
International will receive its charter.
Three top officers of the society, 12 priests pastors of
2 ----222 22 _..J wives of the members will be
the club's 25 members and
among the guests at the 7:30 p. in.
dinner at the Scioto Country Club.
A reception
p. m.
by
is planned for 6:30
Haniahan of Cleve
governor of the or-
land, district
ganization. will present the charter
to the Columbus group. The docu
ment will be accepted by Thomas
•F
member of the Serra
Carrol, a
chapter from St. Catharine’s Par
ish.
Other speakers will be J. B.
Haviland of Grand Rapids. Mich.,
president of the Serra Interna
tional. and Paul Camilletti of
Wheeling, W. Va., a member oi the
Board of Trustees.
Named for and dedicated to the
spirit of the California missionary.
Father Junipero Serra, founder of
numerous western missions, the
Serra Clubs are organizations of
Catholic business and professional
men banded together for a two
fold purpose:
To foster vocations to the priest
hood and to assist financially in
the education of seminarians
through funds made available to
the Ordinaries of the respective
dioceses.
To further Catholicism through
enduring friendship among Catho
lic men.
The local group held its first
meeting last Jan 11. and in subse
quent sessions outlined these goals
and purposes:
Pray for vocations.
Encourage others toward foster
ing vocations in cooperation with
the diocesan director for vocations.
Provide some financial aid to
the Ordinary of the diocese for
needy and deserving men and wom
en who appear to have vocations
and provide burses for the dioce
san seminary.
Know the Faith, defending it in
telligently and living it in humility
and piety.
Members of the local group are
John Igoe. St. Agatha Parish Lar
ry Lorms, St. Agatha Parish James
J. Visintine. St. Christopher Par
ish Pat Kirwin, Holy Rosary Par
ish Paul Lynch. St. John the Evan
gelist Parish: Dr. Vincent Eller
brock, St. Agatha Parish I^eo
Kletzly, Immaculate Conception
Parish, and Ken Biehl. St. Agatha
Parish.
The members of the organization
will gather at St. Joseph Cathedral
at 6:30 a. to attend Mass and
receive Holy Communion Tuesday
morning to ask God’s blessing on
their organization and its work
rape, torture and mass arrests in
a reign of terror to destroy resist
ance.
Msgr. Stephen Kerner, close
friend of Cardinal Mindszenty,
and former seminary rector at
Kalocsa in Hungary,
that the Reds put
a detailed attack
Catholic Church.
revealed
in operation
suppress
tho
to
step
s dis
That
make
prop
prop-
pea s-
He said the fii
guised as a “land reform.”
confiscated all property—to
the Church poor. Communist
aganda at the time said the
erty was to be given to the
ants. Instead, it was nationalized
and held by the government.
Then in rapid order, he said,
came the suppression of the Catho
lic press and all religious organi
zations.
Tho communists met firm op
position from all Hungarian
churches when the government
sought to confiscate religious
schools. But that opposition, he
said, was used to drum up charg
es for the fifth step—imprison
ment of Cardinal Mindszenty and
other church leaders. He said:
"With the Bishops out of the
way, the communists next turned
to laymen who had been active in
Catholic Action to deprive the
people of any leadership.
"Orders oi priests and nuns were
disbanded and the members sent
to concentration camps and by
that time there were too few lead
ers left who could make an effec
tive protest.”
The final step, he said, and one
that still goes on—is to divide peo
ple from their priests, and priests
from the bishops. He said:
"The communists formed a so
called Peace-loving Society of
was
gov
an-
who
Priests whose sole purpose
to cooperate with the Red
ernment. The government
nounces names of priests
have signed up as members—
nobody knows how many did and
priests who did not have a way
of making public denials be
cause all organs of information
are controlled by the Reds.
“That serves to confuse the peo
ple. They don’t know whether or
not to trust their priests. The or
ganization is controlled by rene
gade priests who then try to sepa
rate other members of the clergy
from their bishops.”
secretary
Delega
Confer-
iaculty
said, in
American
the
icial
Dr. Stephen Kerte
general of the Hunganan
tion to the Parish Peace
ence in 1947, now on the
of Notre Dame University,
spite of his appeals
and British represen
"peace conference made
the complete conquest of Hungary
by the Russians.
o------------------
Name Catholic V Adviser
To Indian l.’.N, Delegation
DELHI. India (NC) A man
who was converted to Catholicism
while serving a prison term with
the present Prime Minister of In
dia has been appointed an unoffi
cial adviser to the Indian delega
tion to the United Nations General
Assembly.
He is Beltie S. Gilani, president
of the Catholic Action Association
of Delhi Simla archdiocese, who
becomes one of six advisers tor the
delegation.
Father Carney sounded a call
for labor to think "of the duties
and responsibilities of organized
labor in the perspective of Chris
tian ethics and the morality of
Jesus Christ" rather than "the
rights of organized labor."
"A discussion of the rights of
individuals oi gioups always arous
es an audience to attention, where
as a careful edict of duties and re
sponsibilities often creates only
apathy and even sometimes an un
favorable reaction,” the speaker
noted
I to the fund,
mentioned,
bilities might
fostering of a
■nental obli
her Carney
responsi-
be recognized “the
Christian conscience
of work stressing an
honest effort and good workman
ship in return for good wages: the
preparation of workers for particu
lar jobs and the careful inspection
of the membership: the education
of the membership in terms of civ
ic. social and politcal issues and
the fulfillment of obligations in
the same areas.’’
“These are the i
speaker emphasized,
times tell us are imp
are the things about w
and file membership
complain.”
"which the
ortant. these
hich the rank
are wont to
admonition
Directing a special
to Catholic leaders in the labor
movement. Father Carney cau
tioned them to "never allow a
separation to occur between your
labor life and your religious
life," for, he said, “if it is wrong
for the Catholic employer to di
vorce religion from business so
as to allow for evil practices, it
is also equally wrong for the
Catholic labor leader to become
a party to evil practice* in the
area of worker representation."
Father Carney summarized his
appeal to the union laboring man
to recognize his responsibilities by
quoting the present Pope Pius XII
speaking to the Bishops of the
United States:
"Let the unions draw their vital
force from the principles of whole
some liberty let them take their
form from the lofty rules of jus
tice and honesty and. conforming
to those norms, let them act in
such a manner that in their care
for the interest oi their class they
violate no ones rights: let them
continue to strive for harmony and
respect the common weal of soci
ety.”
Members of the CIO, AFL and
the independent unions together
with civic officials attended the
10 a.m. Mass in the Cathedral. In
his address to this congregation af
ter the Mass, Bishop Ready gave
strong assent and praise to the
sentiments of Father Carney thank-
I .S. Sea Lift
Aids 50,000
ietnamese
WASHINGTON (NC)
Nearly 50.000 Vietnamese
fugees have been evacuated by
US Navy ships in the first two
weeks of what the Navy de
scribes as “the greatest hu
manitarian sea-lift in history.”
.-........ ........ ......—*
Every Ds*y Should
Bagin V ith The
Morning Offering
Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year
A threefold category of the responsibilities of labor was
outlined bv Father Francis W. Carney. S D., Director of the
Institute of Social Education at St John College. Cleveland, at
the 10th Annual Labor Dav Mas- held in SI Joseph Cathedral
Monday. Bishop Ready presided at the Mass.
These responsibilities are “to your members, to your em
ployers and to the public as a whole, the speaker explained,
and this to state, he continued. ’’that although the primary
purpose of -o n mans unions is th* immediate good of vour
membership purpose must be ahm\ed in a manner and
with methods that are coriMinanl with the lights of the em
ployer and the general public
all my
in your
various
groups
ing him "in the name of
brothers in the Clergy and
name, the members of the
employee and employer
here represented.’’
"It was just sixty years ago that
Labor Day became a National Holi
day the Bishop recalled. “Three
years before. Pope Leo XIII wrote
his Encyclical. ‘Rerum Novarum*,
which applied to the conditions of
the working man at that time and
which applies equally to the condi
tions of today.”
Encyclical,” the
that the Pope
responsibilities
has noted this
Bishop pointed out,
outlined the very
that our speaker
morning.”
(The full text of 1
address follows:)
Father Carney's
somewhat tradi-
It has become a s
tional and standard procedure, my
dear friends, on the occasion of
this annual Labor Day Mass to
praise those who. historically and
currently, are associated with the
growth and development of the
labor movement here in the United
States. This praise from repre
sentatives of religion is richly
deserved and I have no intention
this morning of detracting from it
in even the slightest measure.
I do sincerely believe, however,
that something more than praise
can be offered you on an occasion
such as this
more salutary’ than the inspiring
praise you have so often heard
from this and many other pulpits
of the Catholic Church throughout
America. This annual I»bc Day
Mass, it appears to me affords you
an excellent opportunity to medi
tate upon your endeavours in the
field of workers organization in
the light of a Christian conscience
and the teachings of your Church,
which has ever evidenced a grave
concern over the material, moral
and spiritual fortunes of the multi
tudes you represent in the area of
economic and social life.
something perhaps
In a true and fitting spirit of
Christian chartiy. therefore, let
us think this morning not so much
of the rights of organized labor,
which are heralded high and wide
throughout the United States to
day impressive ceremony but
rather of the duties and resoonsi
biinie- of organized labor in the
perspective of Christian ethics and
the morality of the Gospel of Jesus
hnsr A discussion and proclama
tion of the rights of individuals
or groups always arouses an audi
ence to attention, whereas a care
ful edict of duties and responsibili
ties oiten cjeates only apathy and
even sometimes an unfavorable re
action.
Organized labor by it* statu*
in American life today, however,
must evidence as much concern
over it* responsibilities as it does
over its rights, for this attitude
is essential to the acceptability
and survival of organized labor
on the American scene and at
the same time a fundamental
principle of action, if the Ameri
can labor movement is to merit
the qualification of being
Christian in its future and in
its past.
re­
Many of the refugees were
Catholics, w o with other
members of their parishes, had
left their homes and villages to
escape communist rule in North
Vietnam
With only the belongings they
could carry on their backs these
people had crowded schools,
churches and other temporary ref
ugee camps set up for them in the
area still held by the French. Some
came by boat, a few rode, but most
of them had walked for days. Some
had swum rivers and come through
barbed wire set up by the Reds to
prevent them from leaving. AH
gave up their farms and material
possessions
would not
freedom.
for the thing they
have under the Reds:
task force of some 40
A Navy
transports, landing craft and car
go ships is shuttling
namese man, women
dren on the 800-mile
from Haiphong, near
North Vietnam, to Saigon, which
is close to the southern tip of
South Vietnam The round trip
takes about seven days for each
ship.
the Viet
and chil
sea route
Hanoi, in
In a sideline mercy voyage, the
U.S. hospital ship Haven will sail
Sept. 10 from Saigon for Marseilles,
France, with 725 sick and wound
ed French prisoners of war releas
ed by the communists.
I abstain, therefore, this morning
from the customary praise of your
heroic efforts on behalf of the
workers of this country, only in
the hope that, by placing before
you again your deep responsibili
ties. you may be encouraged on to
even greater accomplishments in
the light of the dictates of a Chris
tian conscience, a real motivating
force for good in human activity. I
trust, then, that in your mature
judgment you will accent my words
in the sene in which they are in
tended and that I continue to be
counted a friend of Labor, while I
seriously speak of your duties ra
ther than of your rights.
Labor unions admittedly were a
long time coming into their own
and in attaining status on the
American social scene. American
business and public opinion lapsed
long behind the natural law in this
regard, only grudgingly according
workers the God-given right to or
ganize which Christian ethic* and
morality so clearly emphasized.
Historically the Wagnei Act was a
delayed assent to a natural and
Divinely
man. the
implanted tendency of
worker.
now w on recognition
law and continuing to
would in­
Having
from the
win public approval, i
deed be a tragedy to jeopardize
the*e gains by failure to accept
and fulfill responsibilities that ac
company this winning of status.
Organized Labor, in my opinion,
has reached a point of maturity to
day in American economic and so
cial life and with this maturity
there should comp an onhghtened
(Continued on Page 2)

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