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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. Oct. 29, 1954 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to P. O Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Address all communications for publication to P. O. Box 636. Columbus 16. Ohio Telephones: CA 4-5195 CA. 4-5196 This Paper Printed by Union Labor Enjov Your Freedom It's an odd thing how circumstances alter a pet son's point of view. Great privileges, easily exei cised, often take on the aspect of a burden just b« cause they are easily exercised. This is particular the case in so many of our God-given freedom which we in America enjoy. How often don’t we hear, expressed with a sign "I’ve got to go to Church tomorrow,” or ve go to go to Confession,"—or something of a like natuie Talk to any of the millions, though, throughout th world who can no longer get to Mass or onlessioi those millions who have been robbed of so man of the comforts of their Holy Religion—and thes statements turn to ashes in one s mouth. And so it is with another of our privileges: th right to hold free elections, the right to vote. It i sad to note that so many of us have no true appre ciation of this right, even to the place of not exei pst of the w of us carry and the othc besides al uity. And lightly av As citizen an indulge in the politics” or that aS a Ch n enter into the mechanics of governmen he extent nf voting. This obligation ulfilled by performing some other duty, o substitute action for voting. Our present Holy Father. Pius XII. cJ lained the necessity and duty of voting wrote: '“Political’ ii means nothing e nf the state. Buit n the highest sense else hut collaboratior this ‘good of the i very wide sense. tical action. at hr •ant in party pc i? extent that it ontingent quarrel *xt Tuesday, November 2. is eh I with prayer and forethougb and enjoy nur freedom of cho etween Catholic Action must not M. But, as we praiseworthy to hich poison the druggies of parties ... to that same extent it mould be blameworthy tn leave the field free to persons unworthy or incapable nf directing the The Feast of Christ the King which falls i coming Sunday becomes more appiopiiatr vears go by. Since the lished this feast, the pas re men to a growing e, and significance. nd fall ■vent pra v Kingsh her than Mav .les Out* Catholic Y outli youth of the present day tterbrain segment of societ le or nothing to be said in While this gloomy outloo is we think that it is great respects, and if our youth n it has been in the past ilts in society have sufferer! dictators and tyrants, the weakening of various and sundry forms of ernments ruled by men, with the iirtinn nf security and freedom ant husinc ird with people th of thinker n .an properly direct the desi is true that representatives nt n. is to rule Him out of their de nt days have witnessed a growi the part of our officials and tho I not only asked the he Kingship of Christ but he asked that 11 :t he cdm ht Ii were responsible for 55 per cent nf all robberies. 60 per cent of all ’burglaries, 69 per cent of all auto thefts and 43 per cent of all larcenies'” The past few years have seen a steady increase in these percentage figures. Disheartening, yes. But whose fault is it? The F. B. I. chief was quick to point to the cause. “Behind these figures,” he said, “lie tragic stories of parental neglect, broken homes, immoral ity, adult delinquency, and public apathy—painful proof that our nation is suffering from spiritual Adults can take full blame or praise, as the case may be. for whatever state our youth is in today. The celebration this coming week of National Catholic Youth Week will give us all the oppor tunity of joining with the youth of the Diocese in an appraisal of just where we stand or fall. We predict a pretty encouraging picture if we take our rightful place in it. Just Among Ourselves Pasting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate To realize the truth of Stevenson’s (Robert, not Adlai) verse, “The world is so full of a nunjber of things,” you have only bn turn over, piece by piece, the contents of a teacher’s mail-box. Mostly second Get nut your old Enjoy a little art man and tell him that make his a new quality i arty little invitation leaders” throughout anada, and lands a printed folder, and ivory, and blank. It is such "restrained,” and 5 all about. Who ichrein praised perhapi citation •ct of ke one, murmur, i at the restraint is South African nove /ho is constan that her work used by three children of different that there is amount. Thi it cannot mon class. You’ll 11, it is a heartening thing to know day as our own, when there and dismay, and such nding “wreck of matter people can go placidly in soap sculpture. The st ays, “As an instrument cation and ivini nife ielf-ex press ion. cake of soap Write the TV dri to his list of intanj □ap the wonder of the v jht texture for sculptur become of those marRifacturer map into flak and powders? No good for s crumpled cleansers. It will avid amateur (professional a snow man in Ivory Snow. The hand, looks w What to him kling phrases.” or such books, say “bookmake ns, ulpture are these not the only Ihir its. Here is a boo i polished public speaker overnigh have anything to public speak about n hat final draft anything to \'owr you can polish up peech tn peak perfection full of words. Id, ruthless w •rds (My)—all the proper mood.” Any speaker hat his main business is to ge proper mood. Proper mood i i stick around and listen, insteai v out at the nearest exit. For those that ii. sympathetic words:” for those that cold, ruthless word »ok for speakers. It appe if the American people is •caking business or hopes end of these volumes lish them with all them, and feed them 1 There must be a hungr the booksellers iwe wer s” hut the word has ce are turning them out in millions. •ook—as I find id 50 pa me. alth •ry item of thumbn people ai with purr Russia i kely be long before the not aoply iculptor, I mere det ch i ff blues and hat specially ng definit quotation oy subject. A speake- who with the aid of this precious hand in his union card. LOVIS F. Hl DENZ. unk batt I The lea/t, U 1 Washington letter Russia Seen Stalling William Jenner correctly said on October 15, “unless we quickly sec the shape of the Communist invasion, un less we quickly work out the right counterattack, then and 1 say this solemnly you and 1 will live to see the Soviet conquest of the United States.” It is be torv remark*’, after another. And before th' with 69 chlor 1 246 selected a diet for a otations. auditory id there. is not being worked out by the Congress that the Daily Worker expresses such pleasure, demand ing that “the bum (its favorable name for McCarthy) be thrown Fa vor Appeasement ith equal gratification, munist daily makes mui nomination, by both Ret and Democratic parti* ral state e Know iservers believe Russia of pressing Red China this time. They do not nations as pos entrance intc aited Nation.’ tific and Cui is ail exam time to deal ing problems, the period of New Reel Orders Menace U.S.A. vises the comrades what they should do to take advantage of this favorable situation. Its aim is stated bluntly on page 12: “an end to the witch hunting, the abolition of all Congression al witch-hunt committees, and the prosecution of their perjur ed informers, and a halt to the Gestapo-like political activities of (he FBI.” To this is added the demaftd upon the incoming Con gress that all moves against the must Transmission Belts If Malenkov were to walk into the capitol and give these orders in person, they could not be more overbearing and arbitrary. the politicians would ■ject. such demands. I'he Communists have a more inning way of making their rders effective, by using their The object of the the October boldly advises administration ders, Affairs is to force the and the forth coming Congress to plunge still further into “Big Power nego tions.” And in order to encour age the comrades in pressing pecial article in detail the ■y obtained in in” that at ted States, blind age of “peaceful es into more of s “negotiations,” enough. There 4 4 r* Ah BAD SOBT O/r CHAD APTC^ ALL DON'T YOU KWW.' For Time munist organizations will con tinue to be invited to Russia, so that, jgizing into carefully pre pared “show cases,” they can “see for themselves” what Rus sia has achieved. Delivering one of the Gaston Lectures a* Georgetown Univer sity here, Chester Bowles, former U.S. Ambassador to India, warn ed that communist objectives re- Stalin’s death, he said, the tac tics of Moscow have changed profoundly. Mr. Bowles said we mav con ceivably see another war in Asia, but he felt that the struggle be tween communism and democ racy will be decided, not on bat tlefields, but in rice fields and villages, in the success or fail ure of the West in improving the health and literacy and living conditions of the people of Asia. All of these observations are interesting. However, the times still call for work and vigilance and preparedness, and will con tinue to do so. the United States has already bowed to too large an extent. Too Much Play-Acting Patriotic Americans can no longer say that they are fighting Communism unless they oppose this whole Red program for un dermining this nation. There has been too much play-acting “against” the conspiracy, not enough coming to grips with it. One basic cause for this dismal picture is the widespread illiter acy among educated Americans as to what the Communist docu ments of directives are ordering the concealed Communists and their friends to do. If every intelligent citizen were to take the trouble to try to save his country by learning something of the Communist line and then flooding Representa tives and Senators with opposi tion to it, the face of the nation would be changed. Literate On Communism Knowing this, the October Political Affairs prepares the comrades to treat the educated American as though he were a yokel at a country fair, and lays plans for befudding his mind. This is done in two articles. One warns the comrades that their adherence is to Soviet Russia hut they must deceive Americans into the belief that Reds are “patriotic.” The other is an al leged “reply to a priest’s letter” by William Z. Foster. In this ‘‘reply” Foster takes occasion to re-emphasize that the comrades must be atheists but must also do all in their power to^nf titrate the Catholics. The big source of this infiltration is to be found in winning these Catholics to the battle against “McCarthy- The entire October issue of Political. Affairs can be a tex|, teaching those who are educated that they should become literate on Communism and its methods Inquiry Corner ................-—. Father Healey------------------- Q. The following clipping was taken from one of our local newspapers: ’‘What church or organization provided the sing ing in the motion picture, ‘Mar tin Luther?’ Answer: The Musica Sacra Chords of the Benedictine Monastery of St. Boniface in Munich, Germany.” Can you ex plain this paradox, a Catholic monastery cooperating in pro ducing a film condemned by the Legion of Decency? A. It is unlikely that a Catholic monastery cooperated in produc ing the film. Probably commer cial records of this monastery's singing group were used, over which the monastery retained little or no control. At any rate the particular circumstances are not known to us. It could be that the propaganda content of the movie was not properly ex plained. After all the monastery could scarcely be guided by the Legion of Decency rating in America which came after the movie was completed. Judging the movie as explained in the pamphlet “The Film Nfartin Lu ther” by Robert J. Welch it would be hard to explain active cooneration on the part of any Catholic person or organization in its production. We can only assume that there is some ex planation consistent with Catho lic practice which prompted the cooperation there was by this Catholic group if they did actually cooperate in it. Q. Is not the devotion to the "Sacred Heart” too particular? Why not to Christ Himself as a whole person? A. As early as 1697 attempts were made to have a day set apart for this devotion which was known as early as the twelf th century. Following, but not because of, the apparitions to St. Margaret Mary Alacoque (canonized in 1920), the devo tion was approved for some place in 1765 and for the whole Church in 1856. The true devotion to the Sacred Heart is directed to the divine Person. The real and physical Heart of Christ is a natural symbol of the great love of Our Lord for us. The heart has always been looked upon as an emblem of courage and love, and the devotion does not end with concentration upon the par ticular but upon Christ Himself Rev, .Jolin F. Cronin. S.S. These columns so frequently refer to “social action” and “so cial justice” that an occasional pause for perspective might be in order. Many good Catholics may wonder w-hy we so often emphasize the need for doing things socially. It seems to some, at least, that our main concern is with individual virtue and per sonal salvation. Actually the emphasis upon so cial action is deeply grounded in human nature. Many important problems cannot be solved by in dividual action alone. Whether we like it or not, we are part of a complex society. The tone of this society influences us we, in turn, can do our part to in fluence our social climate. A homemade example can be found in the comic-book contro versy which crops up at intervals in the press and in local commun ities. There is no question that a minority of comic-book publishers are putting out material which is dangerous trash. It puts in the minds of young readers, and ad ult readers as well, the mo®t re volting ideas spawned by sadis tic, perverted minds. Clearly this type of publication should not get to young readers, if it should be permitted at all. Clearly Inadequate If we were to attack this evil solely by individual action, we would forbid our children to buy and read such harmful publica tions. We would try to convince them that they should not accept such books, even if offered by other children. But such a line is clearly inadequate. Children are great imitators. Even if we keep bad literature out of the house, we might only stir their curiosity to obtain it elsewhere and read it on the slj. Our teach ing does not offer us ironclad protection, even with docile and good children. Were we further to suppose that our own children did obey us, they still are influenced by the ideas of those whose parents do not exercise effective control. They go to school with and play with such children. They cannot help being at least partly influ enced by their environment. Hence to protect our children we must see that their environ ment is wholesome. In the case of comic books, the first step in protecting children involved parental pressure upon the industry to clean house. Most of the publishers did agree to a code of fair standards and to the appointment of a “czar” to police the agreement. This was a good first step nationally. But it has to be followed up locally because of the minority which hold out and which will continue to publish dangerous comic books. whose love for us is so great. From early times the Five Wounds of our Lord were vene rated as symbols of His Passion and this apparently “particular” devotion has the same purpose: to stir up our love and devotion to Christ. Q. What right does the Church have to restrict the Catholic's freedom in reading matter? Are we afraid of any book. Can't we answer any objection? A. It is the truth which makes men free The Catholic hurch does not restrain a man from degrading himself in any way he chooses, for virtue con sists in deliberate choice of the good and the true. For Catholics and all those u’ho recognize the commission of the Church, given by Christ.for the guidance of all men. there is no problem in Church Law. Besides the in fallible teaching of the Church there is the general office en trusted to the Church by Christ (“Feed my Iambs, feed my sheep” John 21:15) to act for the Good Shepherd. Any book which seriously threatens the Faith or morals of Christians is listed in the Index of Forbidden Books. All books, including thousands which the Church considers too insignificant to list by name, which might injure the soul are forbidden by Christ Him self: “What does it profit a man if he gain the whole world and suffer the loss of his soul?” (Mat thew 16:26).. Q. What is the point in the change from "Ite missa est" to "Benedicamus Domino” in cer tain Masses? A. In the early days of the Church the common customs of the times were often adopted. Avitus, Archbishop of Vienne, 490 A.D., mentions that the proclamation “Missa est” was used to dismiss civil and religious assemblies. At that time it de noted the end of the Mass and it is from this dismissal that we get the popular name for the Mass. On days of penance, however, the people stayed in church to say more prayers and so the exhorta tion to prayer (Benedicamus •Domino) was substituted for the dismissal. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey, Inquiry Corner, The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus (16) Ohio. Catholic Social Action yins has as guest columnist this week Father slant divcctOT of tihe Social Action Department, Concrete Example As a local step, it would be pos sible for parents to persuade dealers not to handle the worst type of comic books. Even better would be the adoption of local ordinances banning such mater ial from the newsstands. Only organized pressure can get such laws. Since these law's will he fought in the courts, and may possibly be banned as violating the Bill of Rights, it might ulti mately be necessary to secure a Constitutional amendment so we can protect our homes and chil dren. Here is a concrete example of the need for Catholic social ac tion in the family field. This case also illustrates another point, namely, that in securing a better environment, we need not, and often should not, act alone. More effective work can often be done by a united front with other per sons and groups, not Catholic, interested in protecting the fam ily. The illustration used involved what might be called negative action: preventing an existing evil. The negative approach is often needed, but many times it is not enough. We must not merely displace what is evil, we must replace it with the' good, otherwise something equally dangerous might fill the vacuum. Thus we might give active en couragement to the publishers of wholesome comic books, We might consider another important family problem of the moment: the pattern of single dating in the younger teen-age group. This practice stunts the social development of youth and may well lead to serious moral problems. But-it is not easy mere ly to denounce or meet head-on a strongly rooted pattern of conduct. It is much better to offer something more attractive in its place, such as parties, square dances, and the like in which young people participate as groups. Only community action can break up unwholesome patterns of conduct among school chil dren. Individual parents who try to get their children not to con form find that their offspring rebel at being different and os tracized. What w»as said about family life is equally tri e of economic life. Environment and patterns of conduct deeply affect individ uals. In a competitive world, we must act jointly to raise stand ards above the level of jungle ethics. Laws and regulation are often necessary. Oi^anizations, such as labor unions and employ er groups, get results when in dividual action would fail. This is why we call for social action in the interests of social justice.