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Vol. IV, No. 8 -V a’ Keeping Christ In Christmas t- I I To do any job well, we need the proper tools. This holds true in our spiritual life as well. There are many useful tools we can employ to help us pre pare for Christmas. This is the first in a series of articles to be carried Times in a campaign to em phasize the spiritual content of the Holy Season preceding Christmas. There are many beautiful customs and rituals sanctioned b.v the Church to enable the individual and families to make this prepara tion a life. The entire family can assist in making the wreath as well as take part in the ritual that accompanies its use. There are many ways the wreath can be made and here arte a few' suggestions: Take an ordinary round gelatin (Collection Sunday Will Aid Pontiff A Christmas gift for Holy Father and financial 1 prepared. in The Catholic part of their intimate home- such aid in preparing our for Christmas is the use of One selves the Advent Wreath in the home. The practice is becoming more and more popular and may be partici pated in by every member of the family. the sup port for the Catholic Univer sity of America will be the goal of a special collection to be taken up throughout the Columbus Diocese Sunday. In scheduling the annual collec tion in the diocese on the First Sunday of Advent, Bishop Ready, in a letter to all pastors, cited the “great demands which are made upon the financial resourses of the Holy See from desperate peoples in all parts of the world.” The collection also is important to Catholic University Bishop Ready asserted, adding that the in tellectual training it has given to thousands of priests and lay men and women has greatly enriched the Catholic life of the nation. "Responsible, moral leadership national activity factoi if the Uni fulfill its destiny of nations," the In all areas of is an important ted States is to in the family bishop declared, type of citizen which the Catholic University in Washington is edu cating for our country. It is a great patriotic work to which all of us should b* dedicated It is just this Contributions, he added, will supply the physical resources nec essary for Catholic University to maintain its high standards and continue its splendid record among institutions of learning in America. Usually scheduled annually, the collection was not taken in the diocese in 1953 because of the nation wide fund campaign to com plete the construction of the Na tional Shrine of Our Lady in Washington, D. C. rnp 1 Lie Use Of The Advent Wreath The entire family can take part in making the Advent Wreath and in the ritual ac eompanying its use. The wreath is one of the many spiritual aids that can be employed to help the family make a proper preparation for Christ's coming on Christmas day. In the picture above, Mr. and Mrs. James Lang and their family of St. Christopher parish, gather to light the wreath they have mold about 10 inches across, with a hole in the center. Fill with soil or sand, add four candles evenly spaced and trimmed at the bottom with purple and rose ribbons. Cov er the base wjth evergreen and there is your wreath. Or you can buy a ring base ready-made from a florist. This is a wire frame filled with moss into which evergreen twigs can be stuck. Finishing nails or wire pegs cut from coat hangers will hold the candles in the ring. When inserting pegs into candles, heat them slight ly to make the going easier. The wreaths may appear as table centerpieces or can be placed, on a home altar. The first candle is lighted before supper on the Saturday evening preceding the First Sunday of Ad vent. The head of the family can read a special blessing like this one: FATHER: "Our help is in the Nam* of the Lord." Family: "Who hath mad* heav en and earth." FATHER: "Let u* prey. O God, by Whose Word all things are sanctified, pour forth Thy blessing upon this wreath, and grant that w* who use it may prepare our hearts for the com ing of Christ and may receive from Thee abundant graces. Through Christ our Lord." FAMILY: "Amen." The father then sprinkles the wreath with holy water and reads the prayer for the first week: Here is another prayer which also can be said: "O God, by whose word all things ar* sanctified, pour forth Thy blessing upon this wreath Abolishment Of Clersv Bv Reds Is Seen FRANKFURT, Germany (NC) If Communist persecu tion continues at the present pace, the Catholic clergy be hind the Iron Curtain will be exterminated within ten to 20 years, the director of a sem inary near here said. In an interview with the U.S. Army newspaper, Stars and Stripes, Msgr. Alfred Kindermann, director of the Albertus Magnus seminary at Koenigstein, said that commun ist persecution has halved the number of Catholic priests in East Europe’s Iron Curtain countries. He said there were about 40.000 priests behind the Iron Curtain be fore the persecutions began. Now he estimates there are only about 20.000. An escapee himself, Monsignor Kindermann directs one of the largest havens in Western Europe for refugee and escapee priests from satellite countries. Those priests have given him up-to-date testimony on the grinding pressure being applied to the Church. He formerly w headed the German priests’ seminary at Prague Uni versity. gu -v and grant that w* who us* it may prepare our heart* for th* coming of Christ and may receive from The* abundant graces. Who livest and reignest forever. Amen." There is no set ritual to be fol lowed-in the family observance of the Advent Wreath custom, how (Continued on Page 2) Church's first martyr. It is ex pected that special service* will be held in parish churches throughout the nat:on, as was done in answer to the Bishops' appeal last year in observance of the day of prayer. the statement Hierarchy fol- The full text of by the American lows: of the United We, the Bishops States, cannot adjourn our meet ing here without a statement of protest against persecution and a word of consolation to all who suf fer. A year ago our thoughts were with the persecuted of Eastern Eu rope, long afflicted aqd much tried. Today we add to these the people of Vietnam and its neighbor na tions who most recently have come upon days of disaster and now face the persecution so often known in the Church of Christ. We cannot end this meeting which has been held in the free dom of our beloved country with out a plea to all who love justice and hate iniquity that tttby will stand with us in prayer and in protest in prayer for the afflict ed in protest against misuse of power. For we cannot be so blind as to imagine that Asia or Europe stands alone. Rather there seems to be a master plan of oppression, world wide. In it. we of America are included by intent as others elsewhere are included in grim reality. The grim reality is that men are in prison, men are broken, fami lies live in fear or are disrupted, nations are threatened or under at tack. The grim reality is that such oppression is an attempt to break men’s faith in God or men from their Savior Church. to divide or their W* pray then that God v-ill restrain th* tyrant and relieve the anguish of th* afflicted. We beg our Catholic people to cher ish well th* blessing* of freedom they enjoy and to pray fervently The Bishops condemned the “pressure and violence” being exerted by Vietminh commun ists to thwart the provisions of the Geneva agreement on Vietnam The agreement assured the Viet namese the right to decide freely in which zone they wish to live. The Bishops stated that the Viet minh violations of these provisions can no longer be permitted to pass without the strongest protest. The nearly 200 Cardinals Arch bishops and Bishops assembled here at their annual meeting took these actions: They —Directed the chairman of their Press Department. Bishop Thomas K. Gorman of Dallas-Fort Worth to bring their indigination to the attention of the general public. —Called upon their Special Com mittee to Promote the Pope's Peace Plan, headed by Samvel Cardinal Stritch. Archbishop of Chicago, to issue a “white book" within two weeks detailing these violations of the Geneva agreement in regard to hundred* of thousands of Catholics in North Vietnam. The Bishop* emphasized that these violations of the Geneva agreement persist in spite of the presence in Vietnam of the In ternational Commission for Su pervision and Control. They de clared that "this shameful situ ation" is cause for indignation in this country and throughout the world. The Bishops asserted that the Vietminh are using trickery, pres sure and the most brutal violence to keep the people from using their Geneva-guaranteed right to choose where they wish to live. They noted that hundreds of men. women and children have actually lost their lives while attempting to exercise this right. Most of. them thev charged, died of drrfcoF mg when they tried to escape by sea: others were machine-gunned or bludgeoned on the beaches. “These manifold violations of (Continued on Page 2) Prayer, Protests Urged For orld’s Persecuted WASHINGTON (NC) An appeal “to all who love justice and hate iniquity that they will stand with us in prayer and in protest” against the persecutions throughout the world “to break men s faith in God” has been made by the American Hierarchy. Before adjourning their annual meeting at the Catholic University of America, the Cardinals. Archbishops and Bishops of the nation, issued the appeal, entitled “A Plea for Justice.” At th* same time, th* Bishop* called upon the nation's 30 million Catholics to ebserv* Sun day, December 26, as a day of prayer for the Church's persecut ed and persecutors. This day is the Feast of St. Stephen, the has for those whose freedom been lost or is in danger. We beg our neighbors them in the United States, whom the blessings of our ties here are a cherished heritage —that by our united prayers, our sympathetic understanding and by action (as far as action lies with in our power) w’e may give comfort to those who are tortured in body or in spirit, and that the power of God will quicklj restore to them in justice the freedom which their souls crave and their nature demands. all of all to liber- C&gaolic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, November 26, 1954 Bishops Score (Communism's ‘Latest eto' WASHINGTON (NC) The American Catholic Bish ops have taken extraordinary action to underscore their “concern and indignation” over what they called “com munism’s latest veto Viet namese lives.” Bishop Ready is shown conversing with Bishop Matthew F. Brady of Manchester, N.H. between sessions of the an nual meeting of cardinals, archbishops and bishops of the United States in Washington. At the meeting. Bishop Brady was re-elected episcopal chairman of the Department of Edu cation of the National Catholic Welfare Conference's Ad ministrative Board. Bishop Ready was re-elected episcopal chairman of the Department of Immigration of the NCWC Administrative Board. Legion Of Decency Day Set Dec. 12 In Diocese Catholics in the Columbus Diocese will be called upon Dec. 12 to renew the pledge to stay awaj from indecent, im- moral motion pictures and other forms of entertainment The occasion has been designated as “Legion oi Decent) Da\ by the Bishops ot the United States. Bishop Ready, announcing the date in a letter to all pastors this week, asserted that it is becoming more and more necessary for the clergy to lead the faithful to a “ful fillment of the ideals embodied in the pledge Bishop Ready declared: “The assistance of the law in this regard has been weakened the cooperation of producers and distributors is indifferent to any plea for righteousness and morali- “There remains only the detei mination among people of good conscience that evil will not pre vail and that vouth will be protect ed from an uncensored parade of Bishop Ready Vi ill Preside At Forty Hours In Cathedral Bishop Ready will preside at the opening of Forty Hours Devotion at St. Joseph Cathedral next Sun day at the 11 a m. Mass. Celebrant of the Mass will be Monsignor Har ry S. Connelly, pastor of the a thedral. Father Bernard McClory and Father George Fulcher, assist ants at the Cathedral, will be dea con and subdeacon of the Mass re spectively. Father James Kraus, S.T.D.. assistant pastor at St Mary Magdalene Church and professor at St. Charles Seminary, Columbus, will preach the sermon. The Bi-hop will also preside at the closing ceremonies of the devo tion Tuesday evening at 7.30 m. Father Omer Schroeder, professor at St. Charles seminary, will preach the closing sei mon. St. Michael School Dedicated The naw 10-classroom St. Michael's School in Worthington was dedicated by Bishop Ready Sunday. In the picture above, the Bishop blesses the new concrete block building as an estimated 450 parishioner* look on. At the Bishop's right is Father John i. Byrne, pastor of St. James the Les* Church, deacon at the ceremonies. Other priests assisting at the dedication were Msgr. Roland T. Winel, chancellor of the diocese Father John P. Byrne, pastor of St. Michael's and hi* brother, Fr. James O. Bryne, pastor of St. Paul's Church, Yellow Springs. The school already ha* 290 pupil* in it* eight grade*. It is staffed by th* Sister* of St. Francis of Mary Immaculate. wrongs and temptations to wrong on the motion picture screen The pledge follows: In the name of the Father end of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. I condemn indecent and im moral pictures, and those which glorify crime or criminals. I promise to do all that I can to strengthen public opinion against the production of inde cent and immoral films, and to unite with all who protest against them. I acknowledge my obligations to form a right conscience about picture* that are dangerous to my moral life. As a member of the Legion of Decency, I pledge myself to remain away from them. I promise, further, to stay away altogether from places of amusement which show them a* a matter of policy. is because Pope said, movements support to It VATICAN CITY (NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII has called on the labor movement to aim higher than at mere material gains and to set its sights on the sublime values of civilization, the union of minds and hearts. The Holy Father developed these i— thouehls in an address to member' thoughts in an address to members of the administrative council of the International Labor Organiza tion (ILO) whom he received in audience at Castelgandolfo. After praising the organization for its efforts in seeking improve on an contin- factor Pope ment of the human all-arouna basis, the ued: “The International ization has not desired to represent only one social class or to become the means of expression for one exclusive tendency. It accepts all that is constructive, and all that corresponds to the real necessities of a harmoniously composed soci ety.’ Labor Organ- of these efforts, that Christian la have been giving the International of the the bor full Labor Organization, one specialized agencies of the United Bishop To Attend Bishop Ready will give the invo cation at ceremonies opening the 22-mile Eastgate section of the Ohio Turnpike Wednesday. The dedication is set for 10:45 a m. at the Ohio Pennsylvania state line. At the ceremonies. Mrs. Frank Lausche will unveil a plaque, and Janies W. Shocknessy. chairman of the Ohio Turnpike Commission, will place documents in the cor nerstone of the Eastgate Toll Plaza. Other ceremonies are scheduled at 9:30 a m. at the Niles-Youngs town Interchange, west of Youngs town. and at the Youngstown Inter change. Afterward, the dignitaries will attend a luncheon at the Youngs- town Country Club. At this time, Governor Lausche. Shocknessy and Pennsylvania Governor John S Fine will give the radio signal opening the super highway to pay ing customers. ..................................... Downward Trend “Indeed, the trend in public and private’ morality ha* been down ward: there is an alarming disre gard in practice for God s teaching and for God’s law,” the Bishops as serted. “Is there any need to in stance the growing evils in family life, the lustful self-indulgence which leads from birth prevention to divorce, from broken homes to the lives of youthful delinquents? Need we adduce in evidence the appalling circulation of indecent literature, and the low moral level of so much of the public enter tainment in these days?” The Bishops said it “is not that the existence of God is expressly World Labor Movement Praised By Holy Father Nations. “They (Christian labor groups) hope thus to reach iheir social objective more quickly and more securely he said, explain ing this objective as the establish ment of living conditions that safe guard the inalienable rights of the human person as contained in natu ral and formulated in positive law However, the Holy Father went on. law itself is little more than a barrier and an indifferent norm. What is always essential, he added, “is the spirit that animates the law’s defenders.” “It is not only the interests of the working class and its attain ment of the full exercise of its own responsibilities that are stake, but rather the *uture of all human society,” the Pope explain ed. “The labor movement cannot be satisfied with material successes or a more perfect system of guar antees and assurances of a greater influence on the economic regime,” the Holy Father said, adding that the labor movement cannot 'con sider its foundation in terms of opposition to other social classes or to exaggerated state dominion.” “The end to which the labor movement tends must be consider ed on the same plane on which your organization (the ILO) has placed it, namely on a world plane —as the 'Encyclical Quadresimo Anno envisioned it—m a social or der where material benefit results from a sincere collaboration of all toward the general welfare and where it serves as support for the most sublime values, those of civil ization, and above all the inde fectible union of minds and hearts.” Improving mutual relations in industry is one of the best things done by the International Labor Organization, the Pope said. “Among all sectors into which your activity reaches today, that of relations between employers (Continued on Page 2) Help Fight TB Buy Christmas Bishops Emphasize Need For Renewed Faith To Curb. Evil WASHINGTON (NC) The threat of atheistic ma terialism, “a tyranny already imposed upon a billion souls,’* can be combatted in this nation by renewing “our Faith in God and in His Christ” and by clinging again “to that Christian moral code which is the American way of life at its purest and its best,” the American Hierarchy has declared .5 The nation’s Cardinals. Archbishops and Bishops sounded the 'warning and prescribed the antidote in their statement released at the close of their annual meeting here in the nations capital. The title of the 1954 statement is ‘'Victory Our Faith.” The Bishops emphasized that the tyranny of atheistic materialism can come in the form of commun ism or as godless humanism They said: ‘‘We need, first of all. to identify our enemy to recognize it for what it really is” And they warned: ‘‘If our nation is to escape the fate of Poland and of China, of Jugoslavia and of Hungary, and of so many others, if we are to survive as a free Christian nation, then we must be clear-eyed and we must he strong.” Material strength, the Bishoo reminJed, is necessity, but “like physical vision," it not enough. The Bishops said: "This nation must look to its spiritual strength. Our vast physical re sources and our nasterly tech nical skills will avail us noth ing unless we are a people strong in the faith that gives purpose to action, and in the morality which fosters discipline and courage. The tru* strength of a Christian nation is in the power of God which out veighs all force of arms." The Bishops said that in recent times th. drift from God and from the spiritual way of life ha weak ened this country. They observed that in the last few years, there has been a rise in church member ship “but in tne light of other evidence, one is forced to que«tion how significant such mere statis tics may be.” A Price Ten Cents $3.00 Year o- drn fd it i* rather that so many men ignore Him and His lav. their absorption with the material world which He cre ated There no deliberate turn ing aw a. from God but “an excess, ive preoccupation with creature*.” the members of the Hierarchy de clared "This term of materialism re veal* itself as secularism poli tics and government, as avarice in business and in the profes sions, and as paganism in the per sonal lives and relations of all too nan men and women the statement declared. Materialism has brought about a decline in the influence of relig ion upon American life and has caused “Confusion our thinking and a of paralysis of the na tional will.” the statement contin ued. The Bishops said history clear ’hat ..n'e-s ‘“we arrest this religiou5- decline, unless we push back the domestic invasion of materialism, w» 'hall not be able to withstand the enemy from without.” Materialism is the rea r-nr y bnih at bnme and abroad the Bishops said. Faith Is the Key The Bishops sa th nation n^ed- f’.r-t oi al ta:’h in God be cause faith i' the first essential of human living. Faith is the key to knowledge of the big' est and nob lest character, the statement as serted. for by “faith, we rise above the things of earth and ef time and glimpse the things of heaven and of eternity.” “The Western v orld. with its law of fraternal charity and ita humane culture,” the Bishops de clared, “was created by this Faith in God and His Son, Jesus Christ. At its best, our civilization was the fine flowering of the Chris tian Faith. Now that the West has fallen from its former greatness, let us recognize that it is because so many have fallen away from the Faith, or have denatured it by dilution and compromise “We have fallen down before the idols of flesh and of gold. It is not the True Faith that has fail ed us it is we who have failed the Faith A weak and vacillating Christianity, a partial, truncated Christianity, paying lip service to God and to the spirit, but devoted in practice to man and to matter, can never triumph in the battle with total, determined material ism “Our nation if it is to survive,! (Continued on Page 2) Official Bishop’s Appointments Wzdnesday, December 1st: 9:30 a. m.—Invocation, opening of Ohio Turnpike, Pennsylvania Border. Thursday, December 2nd: 7.30 p. m.—Confirmation, Christ the King. Saturday, December 4th: 9:00 a. m.—Mass and Investiture Cer emony, Carmelite Monastery, Co lumbus. Sunday, December 5th: 9:00 a. m.—Mass, Cathedral Corporate Communion by Knights of Co lumbus commemcrating Bishop Ready's 10th anniversary in Co lumbus 4:00 p. —Confirm* tion, Saint Sylvester, Zaleski 7:30 p. m‘.—Confirmation, Holy Trinity, Jackson. Monday, December 6th: 7:00 p. m.—Invocation, Ohio Farm Bureau annual meeting, Ohio Stat* airgrounds. Wednesday, December 8th: 11:00 a. m.—Pontifical Mass, Ca. thedral 4:00 p. m. Blessing of new Vest Wing, Saint Anthony Hospital, Columbus. Thursday, December 9th 6:00 p. m.—Blessing of Rectory, Our Lady of Peace tarish Sunday, December 12th: 11:00 a. m—Mass and Ground-break ing Ceremony, Good Samaritan Hospital, Zanesville 3:00 p. —Confirmation, Cathedral. Saturday. December 25th: Midnight, Blessing of the Cri|, Pontifical Mass, Cathedral.