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4~THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday, Dec 31. 1954 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The catholic Times. Inc CoIambus. Ohio o' All Changes of Address to r, O. Box 636 Columbus Ohio ,^*eLunve an* Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street. Columbus 15 Ohio Address all communications tor publication Io P. O. Box 636, Columbus 16. Ohio Telephones: CA 4-5195 CA 4-5196 Price of The Catholic Time* n $3 per year. All autacriptiun» ehnuH te presented to our office through ’U' th* PMFlShiPfk. Remittaners should be made payable to The Cath 01 iv I tmes. Anonymous communication* will he disregarded not hold ourselves responsible for any views or opinions expressed in the communications of out correspondent*. Entered a* Second CM** Matter at Post Office. CfHumMii, Ohio. St, Francis de Sales, Patron of th* Catholic Pre**. Pray for us This Paper Printed by Union Labor 'Anno Domini The two words “Anno Domini’’ mean “in the year of Our Lord.’ Tomorrow, January 1, thr world will enter upon another onp of the years of] Our Lord. 1955 A.D. As the change is made, as people turn to their new calendars, and all dates are changed to the new heading. 1955 AD. some leu will vender about the significance of those two words indicated by the “AD.” As the yeai goes on these two letters will appear time and again. They will show up on cornerstones of new build ings they will appear in nev volumes of official records of all sorts—they will be so common that they will seldom if ever attract any attention. This is the time for a few thoughts about their 2n!liance. It might be asked, first of all. will this year be truly a year of Our Divine Ixird? When it is remembered that for the first time in Cl years we dn not have a shooting war going on thr world, the portents for 1955 being a year of (tin Lord look better than in the past. Yet, lhe outlook is indeed bleak. 'Hie peace, if it is peace, that exists in the world today, is move in the nature of a lull between battles I'hP causes of strife among nations and particularly between the free and Communist nations, are still present now as they have been in the past. In fact, the differences separating national outlooks and aspirations have, if anything, become more le rly defined and can be seen for the irreconcil ble things they are. The Holy Father, in his Christmas Eve message madcast throughout the world a few days ago tressed one central wish: if was for peace in a torld that has no reahpeace. Mon throughout the orld echo this plea of the Holy Father and vet there is no real peace among nations. And th? reason? There was a significant sentence in the Holy lather’s short address. To all peoples to their rulers, to those who bear the responsibility of the world's destinies, may the message of goodness and peace of the son of God-Made Man roach out and be welcomed in the sincerity of deeds.” There is the reason. Until now, there have only been words When the words are matched by a c: dt'fii fhen 'Ail! there be pr. e I' will only be when mon match in deeds lhe 'irssage of Chi ist that we w ill be able to truly mean what we say md rite: 1955 A.D. the year of Our Ixirri. I’hc Latter Tai of Christmas If our celebration of Christmas has heen geared in the worldly, external observance that is pop ularly accorded this great feast, there is little left of its message and its joy, by the time the sixth of January, next Thursday, comes around. We are caught in a welter of bedraggled dec orations. Gone are the sounds of carols and the hearty greetings of the season. Gone is the “Christ mas” spirit. There is little left to remind us nf the true meaning of Christmas: Christ’s coming and staying in the hearts of men Christmas has come and gone -and so has Christ, it would seem. This ephemeral celebration is not the mind tf thr Church. She celebrates Christ’s coming with one eye on the future: His staying. Just at the time most men are forgetting Christmas the Church bids her children to celebrate another Christmas feast, the Epiphany. Epiphany, which means "manifestation" is a con tinuation of Christmas. In fact, the name common ly given Io this feast is “Little Christmas For the first three hundred years of the Church’s exist ence, this was the day on which Our I-ord’s Nativity, Christmas, was celebrated. When, in the year 376, the Holy See obliged all churches to conform to the practice of the Roman church celebrating Christmas on December 25. the feast of the Epiphany was robbed of none of its glory. It is the complement of Christmas. Christmas celebrates the coming of Christ into the world. The feast of the Epiphany celebrates the acceptance of Him by the world. And this is a most important thing. Christ came, there is no doubt of that. But has He been received? Not by nearly the number of His children that should re ceive Hun St. Paul, inspired by the Holy Ghost, observed that the teaching of Christ was a stumbling block to th? Jews and foolishness to the Gentiles. Against the background of His own time, Christ and His doctrine appeared foolish because they were new, unique, untried. They did not measure up to the expectation of those who looked lor a worldly leader in the Messiah This Teacher and His doc trines were viewed with suspicion and disdain be cause they were so different. It is a matter of history that Christ was ne glected and laughed to scorn by His own people History likewise bears witness to the sad fact that hrist has continually suffered rejection, even up tn and in this very enlightened age. Today, ’hough, the reason for His rejection is exactly opposite Io the reason proffered in the past. Christ, according Io the modern critic, has been given a trial and found wanting. Once His doctrine was fno new to be tried Now, that same teaching is ridiculed because it is too old. People were afraid tn try it because it was different people now will try anything as long as it is different. G. K. Ches terton notes that in reality Christianity can onlv be said to have been ineffective in either case, not because it failed but rather because it was never tried. Our prayer should be that the feast of Epiphany hould have the widest of celebrations It is the fulfillment of Christmas. Religion At Home About 65 per cent of children entering Catholic rhools cannot make the sign of the cross and most re enable to say The Lord’s Prayer or the Hail Mary according to Father Berlin Roll. O.F.M.. na fional director of the Archconfraternity of Chris tian Mothers. These facts indicate he said, tha ’oo many Catholic homes are defective in a vital phase of family 1U«- What Father Roll could have added is that a art number of Catholic parents have missed one their most vital and enjoyable functions teach ng' their tinv children to pray. Preschool hil dren gain tremendously from learning prayers from their parents. It is in that process that they begin building memories which will endure in their tenderest affections throughout their lives. Certainly teachers in Catholic schools can teach their youngsters their prayers, but the values lost by parents who neglect this duty are far more important than can be measured. Father Peyton long has preached that the family which prays to gether stays together. Not only do members of such a family stay together, but they live happily. It is amazing how parents w»ho really love their chil dren and seek their children’s love parents alert to even the slightest physical discomfort in their young and eager that the best possible education be obtained for them, are neglectful in the most important and most rewarding aspect nf home edu cation—teaching of religion in prayers and practices. Guest Editorial—The Providence Visitor Just Among Ourselves Passing Comment Considered or Inconsiderate Comes New Year’s Day! No change in the sun no skip in the heartbeat of the clock no pause in the incessant breathing of Time, not so much as a little sigh or a chuckle. But still no man may doubt that something has ended, that something has newly begun. The Old Year is now' no more The New Year is here. Time, says St. Thomas* Aquinas, is really one thing,—one uninterrupted series and succession of numerable changes,—although men make accidental distinctions of it. We speak of the Old Year and the New Year. We talk of the Present Century of Grandfather’s Day, of Our Own Times of Tomor row.—ah yes, we talk especially of Tomorrow. But these classes and distinctions of time ace all our own doing Time itself knows nothing of them. Our days and weeks and years, our epochs and our eras, our bright ages and dark ages, our sea sons and terms and periods and semesters,—all these are much like the imaginary lines that mark the east and west, north and south, and ring the equatorial belt around its middle. The rolling earth is not discommoded hy all our lines and limitations. It does not look out at thr sky through a cage made of crisscrossed meridian and equator and parallels of latitude and longitude, all held se cure by woven knots at the poles. Nor is time constrained by our calculations and markings. These are all done in our heads, and set down in invisible ink. We bravely try to make them visible black figures glower at us, challeng ingly or accusingly, from countless calendars red ones stir us to hope and joy (for the calendar re verses the philosophy of business its red and black have the opposite meaning). But science has yet to find the coloring substance that can mark or mar the face of lime itself And still we are far from foolish in our accidental markings of time. We need these as the navigator needs lhe meridian and all the interlacing lines on the map. For we run a course in time as truly as the navigator runs a course through sea or air. We must he constantly determining our position, and making careful calculation for oyr further progress. And, like the work of the navigator, all our effort depends for significance upon the fact that there is a Goal to be reached. It is only in view’ of the Goal that we check position and make corrections. We have to make constant check and constant correction if we are to run a true course. We must set our helms hy lhe fixed stars, yet must make allowancrUor’ih? wind or the currents of the sea. Wc inufrt keep the compass indications, yet must reckon upon the variations of true and magnetic poles, and see that the compass itself is uninflu enced by the metals and magnetic fields of its own surroundings. All this, not merely with steadiness, hut with repeated action it is a case of again, and again, and again. That is, it is a rasp of constant renewal a case of forever beginning anew. Thus each new day, each new hour, has its significance. And certainly th? larger unit of the year has meaning. New Year's is a time for general checking and correcting to see that our lives are in right order, that our course is truly set, that our corrections and calculations are accurately made and promptly applied to our swift pace through time to the Goal. Hence the general human agreement upon New Year’s as a time for good resolutions. Big matters must come first. Are we on course at all, or are we travelling away from the Goal’’ We are on course if we are in the state of God’s grace, sanctifying grace. If we lack this grace, we are making for an alien and ruinous port. The first resolution for all is this: to get God's grace (if we lack it), and to keep it always, without a single serious sin. For one mortal sin will destroy the meaning of life’s journey such a sin turns the soul completely away from its Goal. This one resolution, faithfully observed, to keep in the state of grace, will make the New Year a happy year indeed. No matter what may happen then no matter how great may be the malice of mistaken men no matter what bombs may strike, or fearsome missies come with sudden ruin and distress no mattei if we see “the war of elements, the wreck of matter, and the crush of worlds," our journey through time is an assured success. Sanctifying grace is the one thing neces sary. Possess that, and nothing else really matters Possess that, and death has no sting, the grave has no victory, the imminent bomb has no terror. There can hr no question, therefore, about the one essential New Year’s resolution. It should be implemented, by all Catholics, with a practical schedule for frequent and fervent receiving of the Sacraments, stated prayers, watchfulness, acts of penance, For by these things grace is held and in creased, and sin which ruins grace is avoided. A general resolution to keep God’s grace is only pious ly sentimental unless it be supported by a clearly envisioned and purposive plan for keeping (hat grace. And thus the Great Resolution is made actual by the detailed and practical resolutions which enforce it. There arc many incidental matters, to be sure, that people often make the subject of New Year’s resolutions. These may have value sometimes they do have xalue. But none of these is of much significance if the Great Resolution is not first made and steadfastly carried into effect. Of whai ultimate use is the avoiding of minor veerings if the whole course of the ship is wrong? The future is uncertain, but its uncertainty is not a threat to the person who is in the state of grace The uncertainty is but the occasion of high adventure, of stimulus to good, no matter how evil the circumstances. The person in the slate of grace may look to the New' Year with solid confidence and high hope he may justly envision it as the poet Horatio Powers does in his lines: A flower unblown a book unread A tree with fruit unharvested A path untrod a house whose rooms I-ack yet the heart's divine perfumes A landscape whose wide border lies In silent shade ’neath silent skies A wondrous fountain yet unsealed A casket with its gifts concealed This is the Year that for you waits Beyond tomorrow's mystic gates. WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON If any fur ther argument u'as needed against the admittance of Red China to membership in the United Nations, the Peiping re gime itself has provided it. Revelation of the fact that the Chinese communists are holding eleven American airmen in jail in violation of the Korean armis tice has stirred up a tremendous resentment in this country. Mem bers of the 84th Congress, about to convene, will come to Wash ington with lhe displeasure of their constituents freshly en graved upon their minds. Mem bers of thp new Congress who are already here have written back home to constituents to say that they think the action of the Chinese Reds is “high handed,” “illegal,” and "inhuman.” In action taken so far in the United Nations on the question of the airmen’s imprisonment, the United States has won a dis tinct advantage. Forty-six na tions joined us in condemning Red China’s action. Only Sovie,t Russia and four Iron Curtain countries defended it. Il may be that the question will eventually be settled by ex changing 35 Chinese students now in the United States for the LOHS F. RVDENZ This is an important assertion. It informs the comrades, *in Communist parlance, that an nd Venice lias been made in persuad ing certain leading American circles toward a position ultich it ill not seriously check the Chinese Reds or current Soviet ambitions. By December 9, the Daily Worker could feel confident enough to demand that the Unit ed States end at once “the block ade it had allegedly established “around China’s rightful seat in (he United Nations.” This wes accompanied by the insistence that the new Congress end all effective Congressional investi gations or. in Red terminolo gy, put an end to “the committee witch-hunts.” Winning Weapons There is plenty of work ahead in connection with the new Con gress for those who wish to drive the Soviet fifth column from the vantage ground which if claims to have attained. If we use knowledge and facts as our weapons, we can win. The World Of 1955 Red China Proves U.N, eleven U.S. airmen. There were about 4.500 Chinese students in the United States at the time communist China entered the Korean war. Of these 450 chose to return to Red China. The United States let all but 35 of these leave for their homeland. The 35 detained are scientists and technicians whose abilities, improved in this country, might have aided Red China militarily. They are not. in jail, but must periodically report their where abouts to U.S. immigration au thorities. Under law, the U.S, has a right to detain them here. But, even if Red China does force (he exchange of these stu dents, it will only add to the cries of “blackmail," and con tribute greatly to the sentiment which opposes diplomatic rec ognition of Red-China and its ad mittance to the UN. Some legislators are saying privately that the military man power just proposed by the De partment of Defense will certain ly be among the most contro versial of all mattters scheduled for Congressional consideration. This is the plan which would continue the present draft law, which expires next June 30, but Soviet Anti-Semitism As the year 1954 fades into history, the Communists have good reason to express satisfac tion at what they have done to the United States to date. The Daily Worker observ es that "peace ful coe i s ence” the basis of the u ent Red lijie—has been established i n part as a poli cy in Washing ton. In its November 19 issue, it goes so tar as to state that the new attitudes in the national capital “indicate a substantial gain for the forces of world peace.’* One fallacy that must be com bated at once is the well-worn invention of the Communists that any move against their con spiracy is, of necessity, “anti Semitic.” This contention rings out anew in all their current propaganda organs. It is repeat ed, of course, in the Red-stimu lated magazine, Jewish Life. The character of this publication can be gauged from the fact that among the chief contributors to its November, 1954, issue are Paul Robeson and Morris U. Schappes, the latter of whom went to jail for perjuring him self in stating that he was not a Communist. It is only one of a considerable number of maga zines in various fields which forward Communist causes and deluge the American reading public. But in its very claim that anti-Communist moves are “anti Semitic,” the November issue of Jewish Life proves the very con trary. It is disturbed by the voluminous evidence recently produced before the House Com mittee on Communist Aggression that anti-Semitism is widespread under Soviet rule. In its agita tion it literally “spills the beans.” Worst Sort of Humbug This it does by assailing the loaders of every large Jewish or ganization in the country. It thereby calls renewed attention to the fact that all of these men testified against Soviet anti Semitism. Because they dare to tell the truth about the harsh treatment of the Jews under the Kremlin dictatorship, they are blasted with the charge of "collaboration with Fascist, anti Semitic forces” The appearance of the lead ers of every large Jewish organi zation before the so-called Ker sten Committee in New York on -V Z-T oM Point s o permit about 100,000 youths un der 19 years of age to volunteer each year for six months of ac tive military training, after which they would spend up to nine and one-half years in the reserve. While they kept up their reserve training, they would not be subject to draft. Youths who do not go into this training pro gram would be drafted as they are at present, spend two years in active military service, fol lowed by reserve duly for about six years. The matter of cost is expected to be given an airing, too. The Defense Department says the proposed program will let our armed forces have the necessary strength and “impose the least burden on the national econo my.” But some have already said that the new plan itself will be expensive, probably cost ing several billion dollars. For one thing, they point to the build up in drill-pay for those taking reserve training. At present, it is estimated only about 750,000 of 2.5 million men now in the reserves are taking active train ing, and many of these are not getting paid. One aim of the new program is to compel all reserves to take active training September 22 and 23. to testify against Soviet anti-Semitism, was not a mere coincidence. Sev en years ago, Rabbi Benjamin Schultz of the American Jewish League Against Comm u n i s demonstrated beyond doubt that ill treatment of the Jews was a studied policy of Soviet Russia. Much of what he said at that time was drowned out by the Communist cries against him. But the evidence has accumulat ed to such a degree that it has now become a matter of inter national scandal. There were witnesses before the Kersten Committee who had traveled in the “Jewish Autono mous Province” set up by Soviet Russia in Birobidjan. These wit nesses testified that by 1938 half the Jewish population of that province “had been liquidated.” Twenty thousand persons, these witnesses swore, "were imprison ed or killed.” Repressive mea sures of the severest character were taken to prevent the study of Yiddish and to crush all prac tices of religion among the Jews. This evidence accords with the wider pattern of our knowledge on this subject, including the Soviet charge against the Jews in the late forties that they were guilty of “Cosmopolitan ism” that is, of harboring or promoting ideas which came from outside Soviet Russia. Those who are combating Com munism can make good use of the hearings before the House Committee on Communist Ag gression. They can obtain copies of these hearings and spread them far and wide. In their an ti-Communist activities, they must also oppose anti-Semitism, hoth because it violates charity and because it would lead us along the very path the Reds want us to follow. Inquiry Corner ------------------Father Healey------------------ Q. Does an unbaptized baby which dies (e g. when a baby is horn dead) suffer the pains of the senses or of loss of God? Can it enter heaven? A. Babies who die without hav ing been baptized go to Limbo, but the “divine Judge” does not consign them to the torments of hell, because they have never committed actual sin." (The Cate chism Explained” by Spirago Clarke) It is commonly held by theologians that they live a hap py life, something like an un troubled life on earth would be, but lacking the joys of the super natural life. “Unless a man be born again of water and of the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven.” (John 3:5) This natural happiness which they enjoy should not allow par ents to neglect Baptism, for the greatest natural happiness is nothing to the beatific vision, the enjoyment of God’s presence in heaven. There would seem to be no hope for such unbaptized infants ever entering heaven. (Trent 7, 5) Q. How can there be a sin of omission? Doesn’t an actual sin have to be an act? Could we commit such sins without even knowing we were doing so? A. There are many positive laws of God and of the Church which require our activity. If we neglect orrrefuse to do them, then will ful disobedience is an actual sin. Describing the General Judg ment Christ speaks of the re ward of the just and then He says: “Then He will say to those on His left hand, "Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the ever, lasting fire which was prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was hungry and you did not give me to eat (Matthew 25:32-46) In the parable of the talents too He speaks of the re fusal to use the gifts God has given us (Matthew 25:15-28) and is is willful neglect by the guest who has not on a u'edding gar ment which earns him condemna tion in the parable of the mar riage feast (Matthew 22:1-14). No one, however, can commit a sin without knowing it. We have instruction in the law of God. and of the Church and in the duties of our state in life. Only willful disobedience to these constitutes sin. Q. What is the origin of First Saturday? Are there any special prayers to be said and any spe cial indulgences? A. While devotion to the Im maculate Heart of Mary is not new (the writings of St. John Eudes, 1601-1680, initiated the devotion) special impetus to the MONSIGNOR HIGGINS Guaranteed Wage If the Saturday Evening Post is correct, we are on the thres hold of a battle of titanic pro portions” between labor and manage e n over the ex tremely con troversial issue of the Guaran e e Annual Wage. Accord ing to a feature article by Ed ward Maher in the December 18 issue of the Post, there is little if any hope-of resolv. ing the issue peacefully. 1-abor and management, says Mr. Ma her, are irreconcilably at odds on virtually every detail of the controversy. Our own crystal ball is no bet ter than Mr. Maher’s or any body else’s. Nevertheless we would hazard the guest that, Mr. Maher to the contrary notwith standing, some form of the GAW will be more or less peacefully agreed upon in at least a few' of the bellwether industries in the United States within the next two or three years. It is our im pression. in other words, that Mr. Maher’s article in the Sat urday Evening Post is unnecess arily pessimistic. A Look At The Record There will undoubtedly be a series of minor skirmishes be tween labor and management over the issue of the GAW, but there is reason to believe that the issue can and will be com promised, short of a life and death struggle o’f “titanic” pro portions. Both labor and manage ment, to be sure have issued statements which seem to indi cate that Mr. Maher's pessimism is well founded. Representatives of both groups have said, in ef fect, that they are prepared to fight this battle to the bitter end. The record will show, how ever, that they have both*«aid the same thing about other is sues which have been resolved around the bargaining table aft er a few minor skirmishes of less than titanic proportions. It is altogether possible, of course, that Mr. Maher’s pessi mism will eventually flrove to have been more realistic than our own optimism. Forthcoming negotiations over the question of the GAW may conceivably re sult in a series of nation-wide strikes which, in the aggregate, will add up to a prolonged battle of titanic proportions. Time alone will tell. devotion was given hy the ap pearance of Our Lady of Fatima in 1917. The dedication of Sat urday to Our l^ady can be traced back to St. Simon Stock and the Carmelite Scapular in the thir teenth century in the Sabbatine privilege (which promises free dom from Purgatory on the first Saturday after dtath). In Octo ber, 1942, Pope Pius XII gave special importance to this devo tion by consecrating the whole world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, urging prayer (especial ly the Rosary) and penance and encouraging reception of Holy Communion in reparation to Our I-ady, This last-mentioned prac tice has become the devotion of the First Saturdays, a .monthly Communion of Reparation after the manner of the First Friday devotion to the Sacred Heart. This devotion consists of going to confession and receiving Holy Communion, saying the Rosary, meditating a quarter of an hour on the rosary and having the in tention of making reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. On June 13. 1912, a plenary in dulgence was granted for per forming these exercises on any First Saturday. According to the accounts of Fatima Our Lady made special promises to those who make the five First Satur days, saying, “I promise to assist at the hour of death, with the graces necessary for salvation, all those who on the first Satur day of five consecutive months will go to confession etc.” (See 224 “Our Lady of Light”) Q. Why does money seem, to enter into church announce ments and activities? Why is so much spent on elaborate build ings, instead of being used for the poor and needy? A. There are many charitable and apostolic activities which re quire money for their comple tion. The maintenance of Catho lic schools and the ordinary ex penses of a modern parish re quire money, and what Catholic would dispense with the services and conveniences given in the modern parish? As for the care of the poor it can scarcely be alleged that the Catholic Church neglects the poor and needy. We do not neglect our neighbor when we spend time and money for proper respect and worship of God. If the church (building) is considered elaborate in one case or another can it.be stated that we should neglect reverence for God in order to use the mon ey for social action? (John 12:5) Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Realty, Inquiry Corner, The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus (16), Ohio. Meanwhile we can only hope that Mr. Maher’s prophecy will not come true. For some sort of GAW w’ould seem to be required by the virtue of social justice. Whether or not the particular GAW formula now being drafted by the CIO Auto Workers or similar formulae now being pro jected by some of the other in dustrial unions are feasible re mains to be seen. Certainly man agement has every right to go over these proposals with a fine tooth comb before agreeing to them either in whole or in part. By the same token, however, management would be very ill advised, in our opinion, to reject them summarily as a matter of so-called principle. The principle of the GAW is ethically sound. The application of the principle, of course, is a very complicated and a very dif ficult problem. It can only be re solved by the widest possible de gree of labor-management-gov ernment cooperation. In the opin ion of one informed student of the GAW, Father Emile Bouvier, S.J. of the University of Mont real, this presupposes a willing ness on the part of labor and management to establish a na tion-wide system of industry councils. These councils, in co operation with the government, he says, might eventually estab lish a national wage guarantee fund to be supplemented, if nec essary, by contributions from the unemployment insurance fund. Father Bouvier’s point is well taken. It is true that the prob lem of the GAW is too big and too complicated to be solved hy the individual companies or cor porations acting exclusively on their own. without any reference to the decisions being made by their competitors and by the gov ernment. It is also true, however, that certain steps can be taken towards the solution of the prob lem of the GAW even now, in the absence of a fully developed sys tem of industry councils. More over a sincere effort on the part of labor and management to find a solution to this problem in separate countries or indus tries would, in itself, be a great step in the direction of the es tablishment of an effective indus try council system in the United States.. And far better, in the long tun, that the Industry Coun cil Plan should come into being in this manner—i.e., in response to particular needs jointly fe|t by labor and management—than that it should be imposed from the top or worked out artificially nn the basis of abstract princi ples or theories.