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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, February 04, 1955, Image 1

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It*s Time to Rehew
Your Subscription to
The Catholic Tinies
Vol. IV, No. 18
Carmelite May Become
First Canonized Martyr
For Catholic Journalism
By Thomas F. Doyle
(Staff Writer, N.C.W.C. News Service)
A preliminary process just started in the Netherlands
Diocese of s’Hertogenbosch may result in a Dutch Carmelite
priest, who died in Dachau concentration camp early in the
war, becoming the first modern martyr for Catholic journalism
to be canonized.
His Eminence John Cardinal de Jong, Archbishop of Ut
recht, was the first witness in the cause of Father Titus Brands
ma, 0. Carm., who ran into trouble with the nazi occupation
regime in the Netherlands when
he blocked its plans to make Cath
olic papers mouthpieces of its
racial doctrines.
Cardinal de Jong told of Father
Titus’ courageous defen e of the
rights and duties of the Catholic
press. Other witnesses are expect
ed to relate stories of his exemp
lary spiritual life and his zealous
charity, especially toward his fel
low-prisoners in the “hell of
Dachau.” Still others will have
much to say about his work as a
university professor, a writer of
religious books, and the organizer
or leader of a variety of Catholic
enterprises, among them the first
Marian congress ever held in Hol
Father Titus died at 61 in the
infirmary of the Dachau camp on
July 26, 1942, a victim of the phys
ical ills aggravated by brutal treat
ment at the hands of his nazi jail
it was on that same data in
(Continued on Page 2)
Osservatore said that an aposto
late Christian turned communist
official had been quoted as stating
that the Chinese Reds want to
save, not destroy, the priests be
cause they have “a social value,”
are well educated and disciplined,
and once' reclaimed from their
‘‘imperialistic tendencies” would be
of great value to the movement for
a new China.
"It won't work, but that's the
way they think," '.'Osservatore"
commented. "It is a returr to the
The statistical report, announced
this week by Msgr. William E.
Kappes, diocesan director of hos
pitals and charities, also revealed
that two sets of twins were given
new homes. The twins, Monsignor
Kappes said. were kept together in
accordance with a policy of plac
ing brothers and sisters in the
same family.
The growth of the Bureau’s pro
gram, which ranks second in the
number of adoptions among agen
cies in Columbus and Franklin
County, is indicated by statistics
embracing a seven-year period. The
Bureau placed 25 children in both
1948 and 1949, 27 in 1950. 40 in
1951, 26 in 1952, 37 in 1953 and
42 last year.
The procedure which the
prospective parents must follow
to adopt a child is relatively
simple. Both of them must make
personal application at the bu
reau office at 246 E. Town St.
It is necessary also for them to
be Catholics in good standing,
to have a recommendation from
their pastor, and reside in the
Columbus Diocese.
In the subsequent investigation
by the bureau’s case workers, the
spiritual, emotional and economic
environment of the family is put
under scrutiny. Then, after the
home is studied and approved, an
adoptive committee, composed of a
Fr. Titus Brandsma
Red China’s Nationalist Appeal
In War Against Church Invalid
VATICAN CITY (NC) The battle against Catholic
ism in Red China is the same as in other countries, but the
Chinese communists have a special advantage. They can ap
peal to nationalistic sentiments in their war against the Church.
This was pointed out by Osservatore Romano, Vatican
City newspaper, in a front-page article which declared, how
ever, that the appeal made by
the Chinese communists has no
valid basis.
The article, signed by Frederico
Alessandrini, one of the Osserva
tore’s editors, was prompted by re
ports that four Chinese priests had
been shot by communist authori
ties at Hanchow for alleged “crimes
against the state.”
It is a simple, direct nationalism
which explains the expulsion of
missionaries in spite of the
Church's known practice reaf
firmed by His Holiness Pope Pius
XII in two recent documents—
that of setting up native hierarch
ies in mission countries as soon
as this can be done.
Osservatore declared that the
Church, as Pope Pius showed had
already set up a hierarchy in Chi
na. It said that the Church’s organ
ization there as in other countries,
was such that the Church would
gradually become autonomous, with
native priests supplanting foreign
Referring to two other “auton
omies” demanded by the Reds of
the Catholic Church in China
self-support and self-propagation—
1900 Revolution without blood. (Continued on Page 2)
Welfare Bureau Seis Record
Forty-two children found
new homes, new parents and
new playmates last year,
thanks to the benevolent adop
tive work of the Catholic Wel
fare Bureau.
The figure is an all-time record
for the Columbus Diocese, and
brings to 222 the number of chil
dren placed for adoption by the bu
reau in the past seven years.
In line with a long-standing
Bureau policy to place children
for adoption at the earliest pos
sible age, 25 of the 42 young
sters were five months of age
or younger. The youngest baby,
incidentally, was three weeks old,
and the oldest youngster, 10
years of age.
42 Children Placed for Adoption
New School
Opens at
Holy Name
The new eight-classroom Holy
Name School, which will provide
facilities for 320 students in grades
one through eight, opened its doors
for the first time this week Com
pletion of the school reduces to
nine the number of projects under
construction in the Columbus Dio
The one-story, salmon-colored
structure, built at a cost of $184,
869, is located at 154 E. Patterson
Ave., the site of the old church
Designed by Floyd F. Glass,
Columbus architect, the school is
fireproof, has indirect lighting,
and steam heat. The general con
tractor was the Sever-Williams
Co. of Washington C. H.
The new school is staffed by the
Dominican Sisters of St. Mary of
the Springs.
Meanwhile, expansion at two
other elementary schools in Colum
bus is nearing completion. The
four-classroom addition to St Leo’s
School is expected to be complet-1
ed during February, and a similar
addition to Immaculate Concep
tion School will be completed about
March 1. Construction on the 900
pupil Bishop Watterson High
School on Cooke Rd., in North Co
lumbus is expected to be complet
ed by March 1.
In addition, five new churches
are under construction, and an
other is undergoing extensive re
In Columbus, the new St. Augus
tine’s Church is expected to be
ready about May 1. and the new
St. Mary Magdalene Church will
be completed by Christmas. The
main church construction in St.
Agnes Parish will be completed by
March 1.
In Marysville, Our Lady of Lour
des Church, rectory and social hall
will be completed by Easter. Also
under construction in Granville is
a new St. Edward the Confessor
Many Marriage
Cases Processed
Free by Holy See
—The Holy See spent about $30,000
in 1954 in the processing of 55
free-of-charge marriage cases be
fore the Sacred Roman Rota, it was
learned on good authority here.
Judgments numbering 251 were
handed down during the past year,
245 being in marriage cases. Of
the marriage decisions, 131 upheld
the nullity of the marriage, while
114 sustained the validity of the
marriages it was sought to have
Terminated during 1954 without
a formal decision were 377 cases.
Cases which were given some or
other kind of attention or action,
but not a final resolution, num
bered 1,260.
Mr. and Mrs. William R. Jones of 2357 Neil Ave., are shown
with their new son, Jerry, one of the 42 children placed for adop
tion last year by the Catholic Welfare Bureau. Like many other
childless couples, the Jones' had been on the bureau's waiting list
many months before this child was born. Pictured at left is Miss
Alice Reed of 62 S. Ogden Ave., a caseworker for the diocesan agency.
member of the staff and one board
member, matches the child and the
parents, and placement is made as
soon as possible.
Because there are not nearly
enough babies to satisfy the im
mediate demand, Msgr. Kappes
said, couples must wait as long as
18 months to 2 years for an adop
tive child.
Although the agency places a re
markable number of very young
babies, Miss Helen McDaniels, a
casework supervisor declared, the
trend is toward older children. In
general, however, parents’ requests
are flexible.
"Th* mon usually want boys,
and the women seem to favor
little girls," Miss McDaniels said,
"but most of them will readily
accept either one."
Nevertheless, there are some
couples, she added, who seek a
“well-mannered little girl between
2 and 5, and who are “unwilling
to consider a mischievous nine
year-old boy.”
When the child is placed, the
agency continues its interest in the
youngster until the adoption is fi
nal. The law requires a six-month
interval, but recommended stand
ards are closer to one year.
It is also possible to adopt
more than one child. After each
application, however, the par
ents' names are placed at the
bottom of the waiting list.
Assisting Monsignor Kappes in
this work are Father Lawrence Cor
coran, assistant director of hos
pitals and charities Miss McDan
iels. and Mrs. Joanne Corcoran, al
so a casework supervisor. Members
of the casework staff are Miss Pat
Maier, Miss Alice Reed, Mrs. Mal
colm Rank, Miss Mary Evelyn Ruet
ty, Miss Janet Killcoyne and Miss
Dolores Andreotte.
The ^dtiiolic Times
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, February 4, 1955
Catholic Bible 'Week
TW WnhOf
and Eternal
Asserting that the recent Edu
cational Policies Commission book
let made this evident, he said:
"Now their real intent is re
vealed to the country. They are
attempting to establish a com
mon universal state education
which will place every child in
every place in a public school.
“This was the policy of Hitler.
This is entirely contrary to the
policy of our country. There is no
freedom in this. The booklet exag
gerates greatly the merits of pub
lic education and casts grave re
flection on private education. The
booklet is historically wrong: it
gives a false impression of educa
tion. It is un-American and its pro
posal is not the mind of our Found-
Red Prisoners
Reliving Days
Of Catacombs
H. Noble, 31, home after 10
years as a prisoner in Russia,
related that religious services
were held on Sundays and
holydays in the slave-labor
camp at Vorkuta, where he
was confined for four years.
The repatriated non-Catholic,
who finds freedom and liberty
strange after his long captivity,
told an N.C.W.C. News Service
reporter here that ne was kept at
the Vorkuta prison for Tout years.
He said that a Lithuanian Catholic
priest and a Russian Orthodox
priest officiated at the clandestine
religious services for the slave la
The Vorkuta area, dotted with
slave-labor camps and mines, is a
region of arctic climate in the
northeast corner of European Rus
If only one guard was on duty
at the time, Mr. Noble said, the
services went on without interrup
tion. But if more than one guard
was on duty, the guards would not
allow the services.
He explained that it wet ap
parent that each guard feared
that his failure to stop the serv
ices would result in his being re
ported to his superiors. The
guards, he said, did not trust one
Mr. Noble added that when the
priests were prevented from offer
ing Mass, the slave laborers, them
selves. would conduct prayer serv
February 6 to 13 will be observed throughout the United States
as Catholic
Called ‘Un-American,
Hitlerian’ by Cardinal
LOS ANGELES (NC) Any attempt to force all Amer
ican children to attend state-sponsored schools is hitlerian and
un-American, His Eminence James Francis Cardinal McIntyre
told some 1,200 Holy Name men at their annual Communion
The Cardinal-Archbishop of Los Angeles charged that
the Educational Policies Commission of the National Education
Association has bSgun an open at-,
tack on the rights of parents in
the field of education. The specif
ic target of the attack, he said, is
the Oregon decision of the Su
preme Court of 30 years ago which
unanimously upheld parental rights
in education by outlawing enforced
public school attendance of all chil
“In our United States today
there is prevalent a tendency to
bring about complete education of
all children in public schools,” the
Cardinal declared.
cf fad
Bible Week, as announced by this attractive poster
circulated by the Catholic Biblical Association of America.
New Education Booklet
ing Fathers or of the Constitution.”
Cardinal McIntyre also declared
that the booklet’s proposals are a
threat to liberty and constitute a
real problem.
Keynote speaker at the breakfast
was Superior Court Judge John J.
Ford, former president of the
Christ the King parish Holy Name
Society. In his talk, Judge Ford de
"The state has no right to
monopolize education. The func
tion of the state is only to supply
those services which private en
deavor does not or cannot pro
“Accordingly, the rights of the
state are limited. All other agen
cies interested in education must
recognize the rights and duties of
parents, and serve only in the ca
pacity of those to whom the parents
have delegated authority.”
The question whether there may
be freedom to evade some taxes
can be decided only by looking at
how and why taxes
here in the United
Jesuit said.
"You don't look
why they are levied elsewhere
or in the past. That's why you
must be sure that any moralist
who defends this freedom to
evade is talking with full knowl
edge of conditions in our own
are collected
States, the
at how and
Father Land contended that of
ten moralists who justify evasion
on the grounds of graft, waste or
wrong purposes of taxation,
thinking of conditions
absolute ruler greedily
people at will.
“Altogether different
uation,” he continued
“Here you see the people's chos
en representatives and president
working over weeks and even
months to get out a budget hoping
to include only justifiable expendi
tures, and then wrestling again
with the complex problems of get
ting tax revenue for that budget
in the fairest way possible.”
The editorial asserted that
those "irresponsible* in both
production and exhibition" of
the films have traded on the bas
est instincts in humen nature
and that they acknowledge no
obligation to anything but "the
quick dollar."
The release of the “sex hygiene,
exploitation films,” the editorial
pointed out, contributed to the
film licensing bill introduced a
week ago in the Ohio legislature as
a substitute for censorship.
The Ohio Association of Juve
nile Judges, noting that “wide
spread alarm” has arisen as a re
sult of court decisions declaring
Ohio film censorship unconstitu
tional, said many movies previous
ly censored and forbidden, are be
ing shown in Ohio.
“As a result,” the judges said,
“children and youth are encourag
ed to see these pictures which con
tribute toward the normal break
down of our children and youth of
today, and is causing and will
cause an increase in delinquency,
throughout our state and will of
ten be responsible for the criminal
in adult life.”
The judges added that they
"daily see the tragic and pitiful
consequences to children coming
before us" and are "conscious of
the menace to the youth of our
state resulting from the indis
criminate showing of motion
i ures depicting sex end
crime ."
In conclusion, the association
urged the Ohio Legislature to en-
Religion in Schools
Urged by Japan's
Education Minister
TOKYO, Japan (NC) “The
religious spirit should be the spirit
of education. Neglect of this point
is responsible for our present mor
al decay.”
This statement was made by Ja
pan’s new Minister of Education,
Dr. Masazumi Ando, a Buddhist,
in a lecture at the Protestant Rikk
yo University here.
Commenting on the difference
between religion and politics, Dr.
Ando expressed regret that many
people today look upon religion
as something unimportant.
He said the teaching of religion
is forbidden in public schools, but
added that, in his opinion, it is es
sential for proper character train
ing. It is appropriate to stress re
ligious training in private schools,
he said.
Citizen Has No Moral Liberty
To Evade Taxes, Priest Avers
ST. LOUIS (NC) Taxpayers in this country have no moral liberty to evade taxes
because they think (1) the tax money goes into grafter’s pockets (2) it is swallowed up in in
efficiency and waste or (3) taxes are levied for unreasonable purposes.
This is the opinion of Father Philip S. Land, S.J., assistant professor of economics of
St. Louis University, and a member of the Institute of Social
“There is a fearful chance that
those Vho take the road of private
determination of obligations will
bring us to that unhappy state in
which a country like France finds
itself where a man’s proud boast
is how much tax he succeeded in
dodging,” Father Land said in an
less, after due consultation and
with the necessity to act, they have
come up with prudent decisions
about objectives to be pursued
(budget items) and have fitted to
those ends the best means (taxes)
they know how at the time.”
The priest posed two questions
about these legislative decisions:
Are not moralists who demand
more than good prudential judg
ment setting a most unreasonable
standard of efficiency and ab
sence of error or abuse? Of what
other human group is such per
fection or judgment of behavior
“I find it hard to conceive what
more could be required of a legis
lature for a law binding in con-
This Sunday is known as Septua
gesima, that is, seventy days (in
round numbers) before Easter, and
is the first of three pre Lenten
Sundays. Violet vestments are
worn and there is no Gloria in the
Mass. The second and third col
lects (or orations) are in honor of
St. Titus, Bishop Confessor, and St.
Dorothea, Virgin Martyr. Benedi
camus Domino replaces Ite, Missa
Est at the end of the Mass.
is our
When our legislators act with
care and deliberation, he said, “I
contend that they have given us a
good prudential judgment. True,
there are mistakes of judgment,
compromises, yielding to pressures
or political necessities. Neverthe-
Friday, February 11, is the Feast
of Our Lady of Lourdes.
Next Sunday, February 13, is the
second Sunday of the month, and,
in most parishes, the regular Com
munion day for the members of
the Holy Name society.
This week. February 6 to 13, is
being observed nationally as Cath
olic Bible Week.
Trade Paper, Judges
Condemn Upsurge of
Lewd Movies in Ohio
An upsurge in crime and sex films in Ohio was roundly condemned this week by a
motion picture trade paper, and Juvenile Court judges throughout the state.
The “Motion Picture Daily,” published in New York City, declared in an editorial that
Ohio promoters are “plugging the sex hygiene films in the most lurid manner possible, in
both text and photos.”
act laws “which will conform to the
constitution in protecting the pub
lic morals of the youth of our
state by making it impossible to
show within the State of Ohio
those pictures determined as unfit
for distribution or showing.”
The resolution also urged church-
Church’s Views
On Industry Will
Be Forum Topic
Fr. Augustin* Winkler
Tickets for individual lectures for
the Assumption Forum (which is
sponsored by Assumption Council,
No. 3727 of the Knights of Colum
bus) may be obtained at the door.
Father Winkler is pastor of
Saint Edward’s Church in Gran
ville, is professor of economics at
Saint Charles Seminary and mod
erator of the Columbus Interracial
He is well qualified to explain
the program outlined in the Papal
Encyclicals for the reconstruction
of the social order and will ex
plain especially the Industry Coun
cil System which recent Popes have
proposed as the solution of the
social problem in our day.
science. At any rate, the gravest
burden of proof lies on the citizen
who challenges it,” he said.
“Besides, there are roads open
for improving upon'the year’s tax
measures. There is the ballot box
and the typewriter.”
turies ago.
Learn the Catholic
Viewpoint! Support
Your Catholic Press
Prica Ton Confs $3.00 A Yoar
es, fraternal, civic and service or
ganizations and the press to ask the
Legislature “to put the value of
youth above the financial gain re
sulting from the showing of lewd,
harmful and destructive motion
A new bill, similar to the one
introduced in the Ohio Legislature
earlier this year, this week propos
ed the licensing of motion pictures.
The measure, reported to have
the approval of Gov. Frank
Lausche, defines “obscenity” and
actions tending to incite to crime.**
Under the proposed law, exhib
itors would be subject to fines
ranging from $24 to $300 if they
showed unlicensed films and dis
tributors would be subject to simi
lar fines if they refused to delete
objectionable sections of pictures
Father Augustine W'mkler,
ocesan director of social action,
will give the fourth of a series of
lectures on Assumption Forum.
Sunday evening, Feb. 6, at 8:30
p.m., at Saint Michael’s school hall,
High and Selby, Worthington, O.
Father Winkler’s lecture will be
“The Church Looks at Industry.”
A question and discussion period
will follow. The public is invited.
Educator Lists
Catholic School
Svstem Aims
Catholic school system aims to
“produce students who will be
a credit to their Faith and to
the great Republic in which
they live.”
Thus writes Msgr. F. G.
Hochwalt, director of the Edu
cation Department, National
Catholic Welfare Conference, and
secretary general of the National
Catholic Educational Association,
in an article in the latest issue of
“Systems For Educators,” new
bouse organ of Remington Rand
The noted educator discusses
the aims, purposes and functions of
the Catholic system of education,
saying its importance was recogniz
ed as early as 1829 when the U.S.
Bishops met in Baltimore for their
provincial council.
He quotes the figures prepared
by the N.C.W.C in 1952 which re
veal that the Catholic school sys
tem embraced 3,684 447 students
taught by 123.386 teachers in 11,
590 schools Statistics now in prep
aration will show an enrollment of
over four million in 1954. he adds.
Catholic schools are not pro
test schools, Monsignor Hochwalt
states, and they do not exist to
divide them, but to add some
thing not usually found in edu
cation offered by state schools.
That is. he adds, a completely
religious curriculum in which all
subjects are taught according to
an integrated plan that is intend
ed to fit the whole man for life
here and hereafter.
He concludes that American Ca
tholics are striving continuously
to make their schools effective,
philosophically sound, and relig
iously integrated. “The measure
of their success is found in the
capable scholars and citizens who
have come from their great educa
tional system.” he adds.
o .....
Campaign of Prayers
Begun for Viet-Nam
CHICAGO, ni—A campaign of
prayers for Viet-Nam has been
launched by the International
Catholic Auxiliaries, lay mission
ary society with headquarterg
New Basilica of Annunciation
Destined to be one of the largest churches in the Middle Last,
work will begin in April on the new Basilica of the Annunciation
(modeled above) which will replace the present humble church built
over the Grotto of the Annunciation by the Franciscans two cen­

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