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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, February 04, 1955, Image 2

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2—THE CATHOLIC TIMES Friday, Feb. 4. 1955
Jews Testify to Pope’s
Labor for Persecuted
VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) His Holiness Pope
Pius XII does not have to depend on his own records to prove
that he worked hard during the war to help persecuted Jews.
He has ample testimony from Jews themselves.
This was stressed by Osservatore Romano, Vatican City
newspaper, in an unsigned, front-page article replying to re
cent assertions attributing to the Holy Father and the Catholic
Church ’an almost tepid uncertain
ly the face of the deplorable
and inhuman slaughters of Jews
carried on before the conflict, and
especially during the war.
Ossen’atore did not specify by
whom the allegations were made.
It citen various evidences in pa
pal pronouncements from Pius XI
on to refute such charges. It re
called that Pope Pius XI criticized
the naris and later the Mussolini
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government, which began to imi
tate the formers’ policies. The
Poprb. criticism of nazi racism was
strongly voiced in his encyclical,
“Mil Rrennender Sorge” (With
Grave Concern), issued in 1937.
The Vatican City organ said that
Pope Pius XH reaffirmed his
predecessor’s statements and went
on interceding for victims of sev
eral European nationalities who
were er s ec uted on “racist"
grounds.
"The critics of whom wo
spook,M Ossorvotoro said, "do not
offer proofs of any kind to sup
port their generic assumptions.
We, on the contrary, possess vory
many which affirm the contrary
and which permit the infer
ence of many more which hove
not been related."
Osservatore cited among the ac
tions of Pope Pius XII his Christ
mas message of 1942 deploring the
making of laws which departed
from the basic moral lew for 8
purely human one and favored rac
ism and statism.
Three Addresses
It pointed also to throe address
es by the Pope in 1943 and 1945,
all showing that the Pontiff sought
tn affirm the principles nf the natu
ral law and in various ways to
strengthen in the highest ideals of
truth and charity the Catholics of
Germany who had to witness the
racist persecutions.
Even more important, per
haps, Osservatore declared, were
the various Instances In which
Jews themselves attested to the
Popo efforts on their behalf.
It said that in the summer nf
1945. Italy opened its donrs to
20.000 Jewish refugees from all
countries. The first thing they did
after getting settled somewhat, the
paper recalled, was to request an
audience with the Holy Father. On
thi^ occasion, they spoke of the
high honor of being allowed per
sonally to thank the Pontiff for
his efforts on behalf of persecuted
Jews during "the terrible period of
nazi-fascism.”
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(Continued from Pag? 1)
Osservatore said that the second
was never challenged, bul an auton.
omy of preaching is “ridiculous.”
The Vatican City organ recalled
that Pop Pius XU's encyclical last
October had pointed out that the
Church's pastors are not the in
ventors of thp Gospel, hut only its
authorized custodians and divinely
appointed heralds.
The Osservatore article declared
at the outset that an appeal to
patriotism and nationalism con
stitutes th? core of Mao Tse-tung’s
nolicy and the motive power of the
Red regime.
K Of Notes
Santa Maria Council 2898,
knights of Columbus, will exem
plify the first degree before a
class of candidates Tuesday, Feb
ruary 8.
Council activity chairman, Bob
Gallo, has arranged Valentine so.
rial to b? held in the Clubrooms
on Saturday. Feb 12. The final In
dies Night before Easter will take
place on Tuesday, Feb. 15.
A regular business session is set
for Tuesday, Feb 22
NEW LEXINGTO? MacGa
han Council '065 held first de
gree ceremonies before a class
of 14 new members last week in
the K of C. Hall. The banquet
that followed the initiation was
attended by 75 knights.
Of Interest to Catholics
RADIO PROGRAMS
Sunday, Fab 6
WPKO, Waverly, 9:45 a.m.—Sa
cred Heart Program
WTVN, Columbus, 11:45 a m.—
Catholic News
WHIZ, Zanesville. 11:45 a.m.—
Christophers
WBNS, Columbus, 12:45 p.m—
Hour of Holiness—Series of
programs featuring excerpts
from addresses, encyclicals
and letters of Pope Pius XII
—“The Voice From the Vati
can”
WHIZ, Zanesville, 2:00 p.m—
The Catholic Hour
WLW, Cincinnati, 3:00 p.m—
The Catholic Hour
WPKO, Waverly, 4:45 p.m.—
Hour of St. Francis
WCOL Columbus, 5:30 p.m.—
Greatest Story Ever Told
WNXT, Portsmouth, 5:30 p.m.—
Greatest Story Ever Told
WNXT, Portsmouth, 6:00 p.m.
—Hour of St. Francis
WTVN, Columbus, 7 00 p.m—
Ave Maria Hour
Friday, Fab. 4
WBNSTV, Columbus, 9.00 am
—Touring the Town. Today’s
program will deal with the
function of the Diocesan Guid
ance Center in the guidance
program of the Catholic
schools Sister Francois,
S.N.D., and Mrs. Margaret
Reyneau, assisted by other
staff members and friends
will discuss the work of the
center.
Monday Through Friday
WLW, Cincinnati, 6:10 a.m.—
St. Mary Seminary—Morning
Prayers
TELEVISION PROGRAMS
Sunday, Fab. 4
WLW-C, Columbus, 9:00 a. m.—
The Catholic Hour
WBNS TV, Columbus, 11:00 a.m.
—Christophers
WHIZ-TV. Zanesville, 9:30 p.m.
—Christophers
Tuesday, Fab. 8
WTVN, Columbus, 8.00 p.m.—
Life Is Worth Living—Bishop
Fulton J. Sheen
O'Neill declared, "should not lull
us into e sense of smug setlsfac
tlon The figures include
much duplicetlon of readership.
Actually, wa fail to roach many
of the more than 30,000,000 Cath
olics and we hardly touch the
untold millions of sympathetic
non-Catholics."
“Printed but unread words,”
O'Neill continued, “represent a
complete frustration of the jour
nalistir function. Unless th? print
ed word is read, it has no reason
for existence It draws its power
for good, for bad—from it* impact
on its readers’’
The Catholic Press, h? continued,
has often been urged by Pope Pius
XII to serve its readers with cour
age in the great causes of the
Church—especially in the fields of
social justice and international
peace
"Our editors," O'Naill Mid,
"have headed these appeals.
More and more, editors of Cath
olic newspapers and megazines
Red China’s In Honor of Our Lady
I
I
'-WSwPf.i
Among tha naw issues of postage stamps to commemorate the
observance of Marian Year, are these beautiful reproduction* of
paintings and statues of Our Lady. Murillo's famous pointing of
the Immaculate Conception is featured on a new stamp (above)
issued by the Philippines. Italy plant ‘o issue throughout 1955
Madonna stamps (center row) of Its famous shrines to Our Lady
and Spain plans a series including (bottom row) Our Lady of
Begona. Our Lady of Africa (Morocco) and Our Lady of Cova
donga Asturias, Spain.
Three Married Former
Ministers Now Priests
MAINZ. Germany (NC) During the past three years,
three married former Protestant ministers have been ordain
ed to the Catholic priesthood in Germany under special dis
pensations personally granted hy His Holiness Pope Pius XII.
The first was Father Rudolf Goethe, who was ordained
German poet Johann Wolfgang
by Bishop Albert Stohr on the eve
of hix 71st birthday in December,
1951. His wife is also a convert.
Father Goethe has now revealed
for the first time that two other
Protestant ministers who are legal
ly and validly married have since
been ordained priests. Others, he
added, are now awaiting the neces
sary dispensation from the Holy
See which is granted in individual
cases only and is reserved to the
Holy Father personally.
In all these instances a pledge
on the part rtf the applicant to
observe relihacy is required..
The priest’s home here was re
cently dedicated hy Bishop Stohr
as a “Domus Pads" (House of
Peace). Both Father Goethe and
Father Otto Melchers, who likewise
is a validly married former Prot
estant minister, live there with
their wives and Father Melcher’s
children. Father Goethe's marriage
has been childless.
In a Mrmon after Father
Goethe'* ordination, Bishop Stohr
•aid that the decision in his case
had "matured slowly" and had
been reached "after the most
eareful examination by the su
preme authorities." He emphasiz
ed that there never was, nor is
there now, any question of abol
ishing the celibacy of the priest
hood, and that the cose of Father
Goetho represented e special rul-
Catholic Editors Restate Goals
As Press Month Is Observed
Catholic editors throughout the
world took stock of their work, re
stated their goals, and received
praise for some of (heir past
achievements this week, as the an
nual observance of Catholic Press
Month got underway.
Charles J. O'Neill, president of
the Catholic Press Association, not
ed in a statement that Catholic pa
pers and magazines have a combin
ed circulation of 21,000,000.
“That* millions of subscribers,
are commenting clearly end
forcefully on tho important
events of tho day that effect not
only the specific welfare of the
Church, but also the social and
civic welfare of man everywhere
in tho world."
In another statement. Count
Guisepp? Dalia Torre, director of
1’Osservatore Romano, Vatican City
daily, and president of the Inter
national Union of the Catholic
Press, declared that the Catholic
Press has two essential needs.
The first, he said, is “to make
itself read.” It must “awaken the
interests of reader.^ by the spread
of Catholic principles, by confuting
the ideas of the Church's oppon
ents, and by reporting and illus
trating the life of the Church and
Catholic organizations and works
throughout the world”
The second nood, Count Dalia
Torro said, is for a "well inform
ed paper"—one filled with
prompt and accurate news cov
erege, presented in the most at
tractive *tyle and using ell the
professional techniques -to which
readers of today have become
accustomed."
Words of praise for the Cath
olic Press came this week from
President Eisenhower. The presi
dent lauded Catholic editors for
their “dedicated opposition to the
atheism and materialism which in
ternational communism fosters
"Glasses that Satisfy"
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von Goethe, who was ordained
mg for specific and very small
group of people.
In a previous statement, Father
J. Reuss, rector of the Mainz
seminary, declared that "former
Protestant ministers w'no made a
sacrifice tn become Catholics with
thru families certainly are enabled
in a special way to serve in prayer
and work the great task of the re
union of all Christians. Once or
dained as priests, they will be par
ticularly valuable collaborators for
the realization of this great hope
of the whole Church.”
-----------------o----- -----------Titus.
Christianity Came
To Finland Just
800 Years Ago
HELSINKI, Finland (NC)
Finnish Catholics are commemorat
ing this year the 800th anniversary
of the introduction of Christianity
into their country.
Celebrations were inaugurated
with a special Mass here the
Church of St. Henry, patron of
Finland. It was attended hy hun
dreds of faithful from many parts
of th? Helsinki parish, which em
braces the whole of northern Fin
land
Although Finland is now a pre
dominantly Lutheran country, and
Catholics number only slightly
mor? than 2.000 of the total popu
lation of 4,000.000. the celebra
tions are expected to recall the
many inspiring chapters in the re
ligious history of the nation be
fore the Reformation storm broke
out and Lutheranism became the
established faith
Lutheran authorities also have
'-chedulpd a number of events to
mark the beginnings of Christiani
ty in the country. The Finnish
press meanwhile is devoting spe
cial articles to the origin and de
velopment of Christianity in Fin
land.
Deeply religious and steadfast in
then adherence tn Christianity, the
Finns ar? not ungrateful for the
vital stimulus the Catholic Church
gave the nation in its formative
years. Many historians agree that
the Church had much to do with
the fact that Finland was included
in th? unity of early Western cul
ture.
-------------------o---------
Continued Prayers
For Unity Urged
GARRISON, N Y.- (NC) The
Chau of Umty Octave should in
spire the faithful to pray daily for
the cause nf unity, according to th?
national office of the commemora
tion at Graymoor Monastery.
Father Titus Cranny, S.A., super
ior of the Atonement Friars, de
clared that the annual eight-day pe
riod of prayer for the conversion
of th? world must not be an isolat
ed spiritual event. “It should give
the impetus for continued prayer
and 7?al for the rest of the year,”
he said.
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(Continued from Page 1)
1935, when he paid his first and
only visit to the United States,
that he delivered a lecture on
"Carmelite Spirituality" at the
Catholic University of America
in Washington, D.C. His talk was
later amplified and published in
Chicego under the title of "Car
melite Mysticism."
At the time he visited the Unit
ed States. Father Titus was serv
ing as rector of the Catholic Uni
versity of Nijmegen which he had
helped to found, and where he had
previously held the post of profes
sor of philosophy and mysticism.
Baptized Anno Sjoerd, Father
Titus was born at Oeegekloster,
near Bolsward. in the almost
completely Protestant Province
of Friesland, on February 23,
1881. Frail and delicate, and des
tined never to enjoy good health,
he nevertheless possessed a bril
liant mind. After his ordination
at s’Hertogenbosch he was sent for
higher studies to Rome, where he
obtained the degree of doctor of
philosophy at the Pontifical Greg
orian University.
Father Titus had already won
recognition for his contributions
to the Catholic press when he was
named to the faculty of Nijmegen
shortly after its establishment in
1923. In 1935, he was appointed
spiritual director of th? Catholic
Journalists’ Society, a post which
was fated to place him on the
nazi blacklist after German armies
had invaded his country in 1940.
On August 15, 1941, the Dutch
hierarchy issued a joint pastoral
condemning the teachings of naz
ism, end copies were smuggled to
nearly every Catholic church in the
country. Confronted by the Bish
ops’ forthright condemnation of
their racial theories, the nazis
sought to counteract it by getting
Catholic newspapers to carry their
propaganda releases. It was at this
stage that Father Titus entered
the picture, acting under the in
struction of Cardinal de Jong.
Father Titus first had a meeting
with the German officials during
which he explained that no Catho
lic newspaper could print material
that was contrary to the teachings
of th? Church On December 31,
1941, he sent a letter to Catholic
editors urging them to sign pledges
against publishing any type of ar
ticle favoring nazism.
"If you still want your paper
to b« called a Catholic paper."
Father Tltue wrote, "than thia
sort of article ha* to be refused,
no matter what the consequen
ces may be for the paper, or
even for yourself. We cannot do
otherwise. The limit has been
reached We ere not sure yet
if those responsible will resort
to violence, but in case they do,
remember that God speaks the
last word, and He rewards His
faithful servants."
On th? following January 19,
Gestapo agents arrested Father
Th? next day h? was remov
ed tn the prison at Scheveningen,
where he remained for six weeks
during which he was constantly
interrogated and finally ordered
sent tn Dachau.
During his stay at Scheveningen,
Father Titus began writing a biog
raphy of St. Teresa of Avila. He
was not able to finish the work
but it was eventually completed by
Father Brocard Meijer, O. farm.,
the present provincial of the Dutch
Carmelites
Father Titus died at. Dachau
within six months of his interment.
But his extraordinary charity and
unfailing good humor—maintained
in spite of illness and brutal heat
ings—had already made him a leg
end among his fellow prisoners.
Many of them are praying today
for his canonization
An increasing number of Dutch
Catholics have written letters ex
pressing gratitude for favors attrib
uted to his intercession. Among
them have been some remarkable
medical cures On? of the most
notable was that of Franz Borden,
an Amsterdam boy, whose recov
ery after suffering a skull fracture
when a truck hit him confounded
doctors who had pronounced his
case hopeless.
-------------------o------------------
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---------------------—Liturgy Of
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 4
FEAST OF ST. ANDREW CORSINI
White vestments, Gloria. Second
prayer of St. Francis de Sales,
Credo.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5
ANTICIPATED FIFTH SUNDAY
AFTER EPIPHANY
Green vestments, Gloria, Second
prayer of St. Francis de Sales,
Third of St. Agatha, Credo, Pre
face of the Trinity.
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 4
SEPTUAGESIMA SUNDAY
Violet vestments, No Gloria, Sec
ond prayer of St. Titus. Third of
St. Dorothy, Credo, Preface of the
Trinity.
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 7
FEAST OF ST. ROMUALD
White vestments, Gloria.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 8
FEAST OF ST. JOHN OF MATHA
White vestments, Gloria.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9
FEAST OF ST. CYRIL OF
ALEXANDRIA
White vestments, Gloria, Second
prayer of St Apollonia, Credo.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10
FEAST OF ST. SCHOLASTICA
White vestments, Gloria.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY 11
APPARITION OF THE BLESSED
VIRGIN MARY AT LOURDES
White vestments. Gloria, Credo,
Preface of the Blessed Virgin.
Lav Retreats
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SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12
FEAST OF THE SEVEN HOLY
FOUNDERS OF THE ORDER OF
THE SERVANTS OF MARY
White vestments, Gloria.
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R. A. MASON CQ.
227 UfcSwarHi on. MtuMpacNBr
Articles
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