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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, February 04, 1955, Image 4

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4—7 HE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday, Feb. 4. 1955
THE
CATHOLIC TIMES
Published Every Week by
The Catholic Times, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio
NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to
P. 0. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio
Executive and Editorial Offices:
246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15, Ohio
Address all communications for publication
to P, O. Box 636 Columbus 16. Ohio
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Price nf The Catholic limp’ i» S3 per year. All
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the pastors Of the parishes.
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jlie Times.
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We do not hold ourselves responsible for any view*
nr opinions expressed in the communications of our
rorres pendents.
Entered a« Second Class Matter at Tost Office,
Columbus. Ohio.
St. Francis de Sales, Patron of the Catholic Press,
Pray for us!
This Paper Printed by Union Labor
I nitv Vnioiig Churches
It is not just a coincidence that there should
he a number of news items at this time dealing
with unity in religion. That there should be in
creasing efforts to bring about harmony and io
dissolve differences in belief among religions cannot
but be the result of the win kings of divine grace
in the hearts of men. That there should be evi
dences of Gods grace influencing the minds of
men at this time must surely have some connection
with the world wide observance of the Chair Unity
Octave. a period of prayer foi the return of all
separated children of God to' His true Church.
This Octave fittingly begins on the feast of St.
Peter's Chair, which symbolizes the authority given
to him by Christ Himself It ends on the feast of the
Conversion ol St Paul, the tevent .lew who had
been persecuting Christ with telling zeal. It was a
miracle of God which enlightened the mind of
aul so that he became St. Paul, Apostle. But the
persecutor Saul was doubtless honest of heart and
in good faith, endeavoring to protect his Jewish
religion from the inroads of Christianity. Jbe Chair
Unity Octave urged sincere prayer that all separated
or estranged from Christ might receive the light
to see their way hack Io Him or, if they are in
good faith in their present belief, that. Divine Wis
dom might enable them to realize the wealth of
spiritual riches to bo found in His one true Church.
Cher in England a group of Anglo-Catholics have
issued a pamphlet expressing a desire for Christian
unity under the Pope. The pamphlet urged all
Anglicans to pray tor Christian reunion during the
han Unity Octave. The ‘‘theological confusions”
of the Church of England were pointed out, and
an appeal was made for understanding the “place
nf Peter in the Apostolic College the college from
which the episcopacy is derived I’he authors of the
pamphlet said they could not understand ‘why the
Church of England, which has always made so much
nf the historic episcopate’ as one of the necessary
conditions in any scheme for reunion” could be
indifferent about the place of Peter in it.
Meanwhile here in the United Stales there has
heen a constant growth in the conviction tha' there
is need for unity. True, this has to do with Protest
ant Churches seeking unity among themselves, and
not necessarily with the Catholic Churc.t, though
there have heen evidences that they would like to
have the Catholic Church united with them in some
way. Nearly twenty Protestant denominations are
involved in some sort of unity effort. Some merger
moves are actually going on. Congregational Chris
tian churches and the Evangelical and Reformed
Church are arranging a inion four Lutheran bodies
are going to vote on unification and the Unitarian
and Universalis! churches have already united some
of their activities. Several years ago a Conference
on Church Union was formed to work for the ulti
mate goal of unity among nine hodic* with about
sixteen million members.
To the observer history the philosophical
thinking back of all this must seem in direct con
trast tn the position of individualism in belief as
propounded by the demand for private interpre
tation of the Bible. Be that as it may. there is a
decided and growing trend for unity. It will lake a
lot of patience, and a superabundant dose of char
ity. Catholics can do no better than continue
throughout the year the prayer of the Chair Unity
Octave.
Seventy Days Before Easier
Septuagcsima Sunday ushers in the Easier Cycle
in the Church’s liturgical calendar Roughly speak
ing. there arc seventy days in this pre E ister period
which begins with Sepliiagesimn Sunday Septua
gcsima means seventy The Christmas cycle ends,
and the devout Christian soul turns in contempla
tion to Christ in His passion, death, resurrection,
and eternal glorification. The Easter cycle, in other
words, is not just the penitential struggle of the
“seventy days” before the feast ot Christ’s Resur
rection It includes the victory and glorification
that follows Through struggle to victory is the
universal law Applying this to himself, the Chris
tian understands that through suffering, tribulation,
and death he achieves self-mastery, resurrection,
and life The struggle against evil waged cour
ageously in this life will bring the soul to the
resurrection and eternal life in heaven
In the early Church it was the custom on Sep
fuagesima Sunday to select the candidates who were
to receive Baptism at Easter. Baptism means dying
to sin that we might rise to unity with Christ. The
penitential season of pre-lx*nl and Lent serve the
soul to renew its efforts to accompany Christ on
His sorrowful journey to accompany Him through
His struggles to victory Having accuitteil ourselves
manfully in the struggle for the glory o* God, we
cannot help hut come eventually to a glorious vic
forv and to a blessed Easter. Just as Scptuagesima
and tx’iit lead through penance Io the victory of
Faster and the glorification of Christ so the struggle
of a Lie snent for God of necessity leads to resur
rection with Him, an eternity nf glory
Readers of the (^atliolie Press
The Catholic Press depends upon reader sup
port To be successful, it must have readers.
What needs emphasis, however, is the fact that
readers need the Catholic. Press.
That fact has been given such emphasis by
Bishop Thomas K Gorman, episcopal chairman
of the N W.C. press department, in his statement
nn the usual observance of Catholic Press Month
during February Bishop Gorman, an experienced
editor himself, said “Our Catholic Pr.ss needs
more dedicated reader support."
“More dedicated reader support.” according to
the Bishop’s explanation, means more than increas
ed subscription lists, though increase in circulation
is necessary if our newspapers and magazines
are ever to have an adequate measure of impact
even on Catholic opinion.” It means an increase
in the number of readers, who understand their
own need of Catholic reading. I* means readers who
read the Catholic Press because they enjoy the read
ing. because tbev profit from it and because they
want what only the Catholic Press has to offer.
Every parish priest knows that too many homes
never have even the Incal diocr*an paper inside
the door. He knows, as Bishop Gnrman pointed nut,
that the Catholic Press has too many indifferent
subscribers: people who take the diocesan paper
out of some sense of duty, hut rarely, if ever,
read it. And he readily agrees that the purpose
of the Catholic Press is defeated by non-reading
subscribers as well as by non-subscribers.
The cultivation of reader interest in the Catholic
Press will result from good reading habits of Ca
tholics themselves. Generally speaking, these hab
its will not just grow up overnight. They must be
developed, particularly among the young people,
by proper training in the home, jn Catholic schools
and colleges and in all Catholic organizations. The
necessity of the formation of these habits justifies
a continuous campaign, in the Catholic Press itself
and from the pulpit, stressing the individual Ca
tholic’s need of Catholic reading.
We consider, therefore, most practical the final
recommendation of Bishop Gorman’s message. “Re
solve this Press Month,” he concluded, "to make
yourself a reader-supporter, thirsty for the refresh
ing waters of the truths of Faith a»d ready with
the jrelpiriR, co-operating word and deed. It’s your
Catholic Press. Learn to want it as you need it.
Begin tn support it as you should and its needs.”—
The Tablet.
Just Among Ourselves
Passing Comment Considered or Inconsiderate
When people forsake the ways of God, rejecting
the guidance of the one true Church in faith and
morals, they inevitably turn to a false religion,
usually a religion of materialism, convenience, and
pseudo-sociology. They refuse the strong food of
eternity for the husks of time. They turn from the
Cross of Christ to the soft arm-chair of sensual
ease. They scorn the use of penance (without which,
on Our Lord’s own authority, all men will perish)
and proclaim the gospel of self-indulgence.
When a person abandons the acts and ideals
of Christian living, we are sorry for him, and hope
that he will accept God’s grace to return to spir
itual sanity. But when he abandons Christianity
for its opposite, and then declares that his abcr
ation indicates the true Christianity, we feel not
only sorrow for him but contempt. For a weak and
mistaken man, there is pity. I1 or a plain shyster,
faker, and chai Iatan, there can only be derision—
and abhorrence.
The thing called birth-control (which one sane
critic has described as “fewer births and no con
trol”) has been agitated for a long time by those
who frankly disregard the requirements of Chris
tian morality. It takes the form of “family plan
ning” among those who dislike the harshe term
of "birth control.” For, while it might appear pre
sumptuous for a person to assume control, there
is always a suggestion of wisdom in planning.
There is a legitimate way in which married
couples may control the flow of offspring this
is the way of chaste abstaining from the operation
divinely planned for procreation. This is the way,
and the only way, in which it is lawful to control
births or plan families. And this way ot control is
lawfully used only when spouses freely agree to
abstain, and when such abstentation involves no
serious Sanger of incontinence in either party.
Why, after all, do couples marry? They marry,
first and foremost, to have children. The attraction
which draws them emotionally or romantically
together springs, biologically, out of the drive to
propagate. That is the way in which God has con
stituted His children. And, since they are rational
creatures, they are expected to act reasonably, using
God’s ^race, accepting responsibility, taking the
natural outcome of the important and sacred acts
which they freely choose to perform. They are
not expected, like moronic children, to think they
can have their cake and eat it too.
In a word. Christian virtue involves, in every
case, a constant prudent restraint. What is char
acteristic of every virtue, is manifestly character
istic of marital virtue. Without restraint, marriage
is quickly divested ol the mutual respect which is
the foundation of real love it ceases to be a source
of happiness for the spouses it tends to become
a sheer burden Without restraint, marriage tends
towards disappointment, disgust, and divorce
Now, the soul of the Planned Parenthood idea,
that is, of the birth control movement, is the
throwing aside of all restraint. In an age which is
aware of the keen need of fidelity, domestic peace,
and strong home life, the Planners and Controllers
seek Io attain these line objectives hy means which
inexorably work for their destruction. They arc like
mad physicians who would prescribe carbolic acid
for an upset stomach, and cyanide to insure free
dom from headache.
And, since the surviving elements of Christian
ity in the nonCatholic world arc all in conflict with
the purposes of the Planners and Controllers, these
persons are ever eager to have some churchman
speak lor their cause in the very name ol the Chris
tianity which they offend And such churchmen
are not hard Io find The latest discovery of the
sort is the Very Reverend Deai^ of the Protestant
Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York
City, a man by the name of James A. Pike,
This gentleman with a wide-gapped clerical vest
talks piously of the duty of parents to share “God’s
creative process” But they share it on their own
terms, not God’s, according to this churchman's ad
vice. They have, the clergyman declares, to “think
through the responsibility of having children in the
light of all factors operating ii their particular
situation from time to time" One might suppose
that the sane couple had "thoi ght through” this
question before they decided to marry and mar
riage declared to the world that they had "thought
through” the matter and had reached their change
less decision Otherwise, why did they marry?
Now. says the Pike, birth-control is “a positive
duly" when parents-potential “think through" the
business and decide that they should nut have a
child at this time or that. \nd does the gentleman
of the cloth then declare that the spouses arc to
practise continence for a time’’ Far from it. His
brand of Christianity ignores the laws of God
and reason and declares that when the thinking
through process indicates avoidance of offspring,
"we must make it very clear that it is licit to use
contraceptives
You can have respect for a sinner who is cour
ageous enough to stand by his sin. But you cannot
respect the faker who proposes his sin as a virtuous
act. You may tolerate the man who rejects Chris
tian morality You cannot tolerate the shyster who
trios to toll you that heathen morality is really
Christian The man who says that sometimes it is
the duty of spouses to avoid offspring might he
tolerable in human society but when he says that
this duly must not cost the spouses anything, but
must leave them free to wallow in meaningless
passion, he is not tolerable, even in the society of
non human animals.
Is it not strange that rational men do not see
the obvious necessity of having in the world the
infallible Voice of Christ speaking in His Church?
Faith and morals (what is truth to be believed,
and decency to be done) cannot be safeguarded
hy Planners and Pikes. Faith and morals can be
proclaimed and defended only by that institution
to which the God Man said. “He that heareth you,
heareth Me ... 1 am with you all days.”
I
WASHINGTON LETTER
WASHINGTON—The proposal
of General ot the Army Douglas
MacArthur that the United
States "should now proclaim our
readiness to abolish war in con
cert with the great powers of
the world” recalls a particular
point made by His Holiness Pope
Pius XII in his latest Christmas
Message.
Speaking at a dinner sponsor
ed by war veterans, the General
said the result of such a procla
mation “would be magical.” Al
most at once, the great military
leader sought to dispose of one
of the arguments used by those
who claim that peace “won’t
work.” He said the abolition of
war need not even rest on a
system for the inter national in
spection of arms. He believes,
he said, that public opinion and
the impressive gains enjoyed by
a peaceful world would insure
it.
This comes hack to the point
that the people of the world, as
distinct from their leaders, offer
the most solid hope for peace in
our time.
In his Christinas Message, Pope
Pius XII deplored the present
state of affairs, which is a mere
coexistence of various peoples
based on fear, a "cold peace."
Pointing out that proper co-cx
istcnce must he based yi fear of
God and rooted in truth. His
Holiness said:
LOUIS E. Ill DEM
Considering our pride in our
widespread education, ij amaz
ing how easily the American
nation succumbs to thought con
trol from Mos
cow. The guns
and bombs ex
ploding against
the 'Faction Is
lands proclaim
once more the
folly of our ac
cepting "peace
ful o e i s
fence” as our
program
On January
20, the Daily Worker—referring
to the Red capture of Yikiang—
boldly comments: “The wresting
of Yikiang from Chiang means
removing one more world
trouble spot." In that one sen
tence, there flashy out the Red
trickery involved in the whole
idea of “peaceful coexistence.”
It is nothing other than the de
struction of the defenses of the
United States on the installment
plan, leading to the destruction
of the United States itself.
Every Yikiang captured by the
Reds, every conquest by them in
Indo-China, every maiming of
Korea by their forces—in other
words, every, act of Soviet war
fare—is an act of “peace" in the
Communist dictionary. Each new
Soviet advance removes another
"trouble spot," For, in Commun
ist eyes, all non-Soviet areas are
trouble spots.
But the more that “peaceful
coexistence” is thus demonstra
ted to be a futile and fatal policy
for the United States, the more
do the majority of our outstand
ing secular newspapers recom
mend it. The New York Times
of January 20 pursues this theme
in urging the Nationalist Govern
ment to enter into “any truce
proposal that may come before
Catholic Press Month
A
4
#2-
■sis
•V
.-W
Pope's Bridge of Truth Recalled
“Now a bridge cannot be built
in truth between these two sep
arate worlds unless it be found
ed on the human beings living in
one and the other of these
worlds, and not on their govern
mental or social systems.”
On (he day that General Mac
Arthur spoke in Ixxs Angeles,
ihere was a debate in the U. S.
Senate herfc on a proposal to
authorize the President to em
ploy U.S. armed forces in de
fending the security of For
mosa. It was based on a message
to Congress from another of our
lop military heroes of modern
times, who has now become Pres
ident of the United States. Pres
ident Eisenhower, who has ex
pressed the devout hope that the
United Nations may be aljle to
settle peacefully the tension in
the Pacific, told Congress that
this country must be ready to
fight if it is compelled to do so.
The congressional debate on
the Formosa resolution brought
up recurrent expressions of fear
that dictatorial leaders of peo
ples might “stumble” into World
War Hl. It is an often heard ex
pression here that nations won’t
rush into World War III, but will
“stumble” into it. It is often
heard here that dictators either
don’t know when to stop, or can't
slop, in their aggression, and
that they offer an ever-present
threat of "stumbling” into war.
From Yalta to Yikiang
the United Nations,” even
though such a proposal might
rob Formosa of its defenses. For
it is the common practice of the
Reds to accept a “truce,” or even
propose ohe, only after they
have attained a set military ob
jective. Yet the Times solemnly
suggests that if the Nationalists
accept a hobbling “truce?’ it will
“then be up to the Communists
to show their colors, and the
world will judge them by what
they display not only in words
but also in deeds/'
One would think that the em
inent New York newspaper con
siders its readers to be children,
that tl|py are not aware that the
Communists "have shown their
colors” all the way from Yalta
to Yikiang.
All of this was done with the
assurance to the American
people that if Soviet Russia "had
friendly nations on its borders.”
there would be “peace.*” It was
precisely by these abject conces
sions that expanded warfare was
assured. And so it is today, with
the continued surrender to the
Kremlin’s slogan of “peaceful
coexistence.”
The 'Tactical Approach'
The January issue of Political
Affairs, indicating that it is en
heartened hy our President’s
“peace talk,” whips up the com
rades to bring "the battle for
peaceful coexistence” into the
84th Congress.
Now, with our widespread
education, why is it that editors
of newspapers, professors in uni
versities, and commentators on
the air waves fail in any great
measure to warn the American
people of this “tactical ap
proach”? It would seem that
the White House and the mem
bers of the Congress would he
briefed each month at least on
what our enemies arc proposing
for their deceit. For this "tacti­
pV
The question arises: How to
reach the people when dictators
are actively engaged in prevent
ing them from knowing what
goes on in the outside world?
It is not an easy assignment,
but the alternative of war or in
ternational paralysis should be
sufficient to spur the people to
strive against great odds.
In the field of international af
fairs today there is a threaten
ing. pushing attitude on the one
hand and a yielding, coming-to
terms posture on the other.
Neither serves the cause of peace
in the iong run. There is a mid
dle course, but the one that lies
before us today also is unsatis
factory. It can lead to complete
international paralysis. But,
starting from a position that is
neither too offensive nor too
supine and building upon a spir
itual foundation, it should be
possible to construct a true and
durable peace.
Pope Pius exhorted statesmen
“in that camp where it is not a
crime to oppose error” to “have
a greater confidence in themsel
ves.” He said “they should give
proof to others of a more firm
courage in foiling the maneuvers
of the obscure forces which are
still trying to establish power
hegemonies.”
That would seem to be an out
standing challenge of our day.
Ruf the rewards arc great.
cal approach” Is being worked
out in the same cunning and
calculating way that “peaceful
coexistence” was foisted on us
and also "the battle against
McCarthyism”
Directives Spelled Out
What are the Communists
proposing to do with the 84th
Congress, in “the battle for
peaceful coexistence”? I will
quote the exact words of their
directives:
"1. Direct heavy fire against
the immediate threat to peace:
thjs Knowland-McCarthy-Radford
clique." This means, it is added,
that the Reds must work with
those "who have illusions about
Eisenhower." We know by this
time what that indicates. It is
a new call for infiltration of the
Government, and for influencing
the top echelons to retreat in the
Far East and on any strong,
forthright dealing with the Com
munist menace at home.
"2. Organize maximum pres
sure on Eisenhower to imple
ment his peace talk on specific
issues Under this heading they
demand a halt on West German
rearmament, recognition of Red
China, expansion of East-West
trade. They also demand “the
ousting of all war-now advo
cates from appointive posts. By
“war-now advocates" they mean,
in their inverted jargon, those
who want a strong stand against
Soviet •ncirclement of the Unit
ed States.
Time For Rebuttal
These are the orders to the
Reds, and we shall see many
reflections of them in the cur
rent Congress and in Washing
ton. It is time for a patriotic
rebuttal. That can be made in
no better way than by insisting
on breaking off relations with
Soviet Russia and. likewise, in
urging the expansion of Con
gressional investigations into
subversion.
MONSICHOR HIG&mS
Inquiry Corner
Lather Henley
Q. When does the word “Ca
tholic" first appear as applied
to the Church? Is it in the
Bible? Isn't "Roman” and “Ca
tholic” a contradiction?
A. The word itself is not used
in the Bible as applied to the
Church, but the idea of universal
mission and authority is every
where applied to it. ("Go into
the whole world and preach the
gospel to every creature"—Mark
16:15 Matthew 28:18-20 Luke
10:16 Acts 1:8) St. Ignatius of
Antioch in about the year 110
A. D. first used the term as such,
but it is the commonly accepted
name for the Christian Church
from that time on. St. Augustine
uses the word as a synonym for
the Church two hundred and
forty times. "Roman” does not
mean local or national, but sim
ply refers to Rome as the center
of the world wide Catholic
Church. We use similar expres
sions when we use Paris, Moscow
or London as symbols of the
respective countries.
Q. Why did the Blessed Virgin
have to be “purified” (Feast of
the Purification)? Does the
Churching of Women have the
same penitential meaning?
A. The Blessed Virgin did not
“have to be” purified It was the
Jewish law and custom and she
conformed to it just as Christ
conformed to the observance of
the Jewish law. It was part of
God’s plan that the Holy Family
should observe all the ordinary
ways of their people, both as an
example of obedience to us and
to preserve the secret of Christ’s
divinity. Until the "hour” es
tablished by God should arrive
the Holy Family was to live in
obscurity. The Churching of
Women, as anyone can see from
the text of the sacramental
blessing, is not penitential but is
a beautiful blessing with prayers
of thanksgiving and of petition
for mother and child. It is a
misconception to regard the
ceremony as a kind of reflection
on the bearing of children.
Q. What should be done about
a wedding ring which is damaged
and must be replated What if
it is lost and must be replaced?
A. If the ring is simply re
paired or replated the blessing
remains. A sacramental does
not lose its blessing so long as
no major or substantial change
in it is made. If it is replaced,
however, the new ring would
have to be blessed. The form
of this blessing is that taken
from the marriage ritual.
During the week of January
16, as coincidence would have
it two nationally syndicated col
umnists seldom found on the
same side of
the polit i a 1
street West,
brook Peg 1 e
and Dor o y
o son—
u n e xpectedly
agreed with
one ano e
that something
ought to be
done to cut the
American labor
movement
down to size.
Not unexpectedly, Mr. Pegler’s
diagnosis of the ills of American
trade unionism and his prescrip
tion for their remedy were more
extreme than Miss Thompson’s.
He has little taste, and even less
facility, for making distinctions
between good, bad and indiffer
ent unions and union leaders.
“Unionism.” he says—in a gen
eralization to which a really good
reporter would have been asham
ed to sign his name—"is still a
predatory racket, absolutely hos
tile to the constitutional guaran
tees and to human dignity and
freedom."
"How Do You Mean 'Drastically'?
On the other hand, it does
come as a mild surprise to find
Dorothy Thompson edging up,
however guardedly, to a conclu
sion disappointingly close to Mr.
Pegler’s thesis with regard to un
ions. Unlike Mr. Pegler, Miss
Thompson is not opposed to un
ions as a matter of principle. On
the contrary, she believes that
when they were established, they
were a necessary and inevitable
means of defending the working
people of the United States
against the injustices then pre
vailing in our economic system.
She makes this point very force
fully, indeed.
Presumably Miss Thompson is
still in favor of unions. But in
the second half of her column
she unexpectedly suggests that
the function of unions—all un
ions, apparently, good, bad and
indifferent—ought to be drasti
cally curtailed. How, she does
not say. Perhaps she will return
to this point in another column.
If so, she ought to ask heiself
and tell her readers whether or
not and how we, the people of
a free courftry, can drastically
curtail the functions of the
American labor movement with
out slipping into some form of
totalitarianism.
Two Reasons Given
Meanwhile Miss Thompson
does tell us “why.” in her opin
ion. the function of unions ought
to be drastically reduced. She
gives twn reasons. One is that
union leaders at the present
time "often” exercise “arbitrary
Q. Can one ever he forgiven
for the sin of birth-control by
making a good confession and
having true sorrow for the sins?
A. Certainly. True sorrow and
a firm purpose of amendment
entitles the penitant to forgive
ness for any sin whatsoever.
When a Catholic approaches the
priest who acts for Christ in
confession he finds the same
forgiveness that Christ extended
to the sinner. It would be a bad
confession if the person were
not truly sorry or had no inten
tion of amending his life, but it
the person is truly sorry he will
include a resolution to avoid the
sin in the future.
Q. What is the history of Ca
non Law? How old is it?
A. It is as old as the Church,
for it is the application of
Christ’s teachings to practical
and particular situations. (“He
who hears you, hears me and
he who rejects me, rejects him
who sent me.” Luke 10:16) Un
til the Middle Ages it wai
generally left in great part to
the bishops within the dioceses
and to particular councils, but
there were always general laws,
established by General Councils
and by the Popes. In 1150 Gra
tian, a monk and a professor at
the University of Bologna, made
a comprehensive collection of
the many particular decrees of
dioceses and particular councils.
In 1904 St- Pius appointed a
commission to make a new com
prehensive and official edition
of Church Law. It was formally
issued in 1918 and in 2414 Ca
nons or rules and it states the
formal, official law of the
Church.
Qr What is the origin of the
name Douay which is attached to
the Catholic Bible?
A. Because of the persecution
of the Church in England under
Queen Elizabeth the great Eng
lish translation was made ip
Flanders. English priests in
exile brought out the New Testa
ment translation in Rheims in
1582 and the Old Testament in
Douay, completing the work, in
1610. It was extensively revised
by Bishop Chailoner in the
eighteenth century. In recent
years new translations have been
made directly from the Latin
Vulgate and from the original
languages, independent of the
Douay translation.
Send questions to Father Ed
ward F. Healey, Inquiry Corner,
The Catholic Times, Box 836,
Columbus (16) Ohio.
Curtailing the Unions
power.” It would have been more
accurate to say that “some” la
bor leaders sometimes exercise
arbitrary power, and that they
sometimes do so in collusion with
“some” employers.
The extent or the scope of un
ion functions is not the cause of
the specific evil which Miss
Thompson is hoping to remedy.
On the contrary, there is good
reason to believe that if unions
were given more functions to
perform, they and their leaders
would become more rather than
less responsible, more rather
than less concerned with the gen
eral welfare. This is the prevail
ing. though not of course the
unanimous, opinion among ex
perts in the field of industrial
relations—particularly, it would
seem, among the Catholic schol
ars who have written on the
subject.
Miss Thompson’s second rea
son for recommending that the
function of unions be drastically
curtailed is even less convincing.
Her second reason is that the la
bor movement, which originated
as a weapon of defense against'
the injustices of old-fashioned
capitalism, “still bears the marks
of its origin” and is still im
bued with the philosophy of class
conflict. “Its spirit,” she says,
“is still directed in large mea
sure against ‘capitalism’ even
though the interests of workers
and their leaders are involved in
its maintenance. It still envisages
‘the workers' as a class apart
from the rest of society. It has
a vested interest in maintaining
the existence of the ‘proletariat’
instead of seeking its abolition.”
Dangerous Interpretation
This opinion cannot be refuted
by the present writer any
more than it can be proved by
Miss Thompson in the short
space of a single column. We
would merely say, therefore,
that to the best of our knowl
edge there are few if any stu
dents of industrial and labor re
lations in the United States who
would agree with this.
But suppose, for the sake of
the argument, that Miss Thomp
son is right and the experts are
wrong about the character or the
philosophy of conte o a y
American unions. Suppose, in
other words, that American un
ions are really committed (as
they are not, in our opinion) to
the philosophy of class conflict.
This, it seems to us. would be
an added argument in favor of
widening, rather than restricting,
the extent or the scope of their
functions. Miss Thompson’s rec
ommendation the drastic cur
tailment of their functions—
could only be expected to make
them even more anti-capitalist,
more class-conscious, more op
posed to industrial progress than
they are mistakenly alleged to be
at the present time.

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