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It's Time to Renew
A our Subscription to The Catholic Tinies Vol. IV, No. 19 Orphanage Begins 81st Year Serving Community’s Needs Saint Vincent’s Orphanage is entering its 81st year of service to the community. Eighty years ago, early in February, 1875, the doors of the institution first opened when ten little girls were received at Saint Vincent’s and placed under the care of the Franciscan Sisters. Three Sisters had arrived in Columbus on February 22, 1875 to take charge of the home. Father J. O. Goldschmidt was ap-‘ pointed the first director and chap lain of Saint Vincent’s Orphan Asy lum, as it was then called, in De cember, 1876. Writing to he priests of the diocese. Father Gold schmidt appealed for their coopera tion in helping to meet the needs of the orphanage. “There are at present sixty-five children at the Asylum.” he wrote, “and it will be impossible to keep up the institution and provide the necessaries of life for those dear little ones of Christ unless we have your hearty cooperation and the efficient aid of your congrega tions.” Father Goldschmidt's appeal was based on a letter Bishop Rose crans had sent to the priests in which he announced the opening of the Orphanage and asked that help be given through spontane- Education Is Precious Right, Prelate Says WASHINGTON, D. C.—(NC) Freedom of education is one of this nation’s most pre cious rights, closely allied to the freedoms of religion, speech and assembly. Bishop Lawrence J. Shehan of Bridge port, Conn., said here at the annual Red Mass. Like all freedoms, the Bishop told a congregation which included Chief Justice Earl A- Warren of the U.S. Supreme Court, freedom of education can be hampered and even destroyed by a lack tice. He declared: “Justice would seem to recognition of the public involved in all properly qualified educational programs carried on by private groups and voluntary as sociations.” of jus- require service It cannot be denied that the State has a legitimate and neces sary concern with education, the prelate told the congregation in St. Matthew’s Cathedral here. "Yet it seems to many of us that the exclusive support by th* government of a state system of education of ever-increasing cost liness can in the long run ser iously hamper and ultimately de. stroy real freedom of education," he stated in some places today, the Bish op declared it seems that freedom of education is already threatened. This is #o in the case of the man of moderate or small means who wants to give his child an educa tion which includes religious in struction and makes this an in tegral part of the course of studies. He is hampered in exercising (Continued on Page 2) ous gifts and bequests and through the Orphans’ Societies which the congregations were asked to estab lish. During World War I, the Sis tars at St. Vincent's were caring for more than 300 children living at the home. As late a* 1945 the orphanage cared for more than 225 youngsters. Following the establishment of the Catholic Welfare Bureau, the number of children cared for at St. Vincent’s was reduced. The fos ter^home plan was developed and it was found, too, that in many cases the parents or other relatives of the children for them. were able to care growing needs of additions to the To meet the the institution, _______ __ original building were constructed on three separate occasions. The first addition was completed in 1876. Later, in 1883 and in 1893, the final dormitories and school rooms were built. The auditorium gymnasium was added in 1911. The Sisters of Saint Francis of Penance and Christian Charity have conducted, the institution since its founding and their Chron ical lists some of the difficulties which were encountered in the ear ly years of the orphanage. The lack of water was a serious problem. When water was needed on the fourth floor, it was carried in buck ets. Pot-bellied stoves were used to heat the original building and coal was carried in buckets from room to room. For the first few year* after th* orphanage was opened, th* Sisters and youngsters enjoyed a country life. There was an or chard on the Bryden Road side of the institution where smell herd of cow* grezed. The Sisters did the baking, repaired shoes, cut hair and performed many other similar tasks. For a number of years prior to the founding of Saint John the Evangelist and Holy Rosary parish es, the chapel at St. Vincent’s was used as a parish church and more than 100 children from the immedi (Continued on Page 2) Ike Seeks 87 Billion For Public Schooling WASHINGTON—(NC)—President Eisenhower has recom mended to Congress a $7-billion emergency public school building program over the next three years and fixed the fed eral government’s contribution to the program at $1,100,000, 000. In a special message to Congress, the President outlined a four-point program, involving: 1. $750-million for use in the next three years for purchase by the federal government of school bonds issued by local communities handicapped in selling such bonds at a reasonable rate of interest. 2. Expansion of the state-wide school building agencies and au thorization by Congress of the nec. essary federal participation in this plan so the state agencies can build within the next three years $6-billion worth of new schools. 3. Authorization by Congress of $200-million for a three-year pro gram of grants for school districts which proved need and lack of lo cal income. 4 A total authorization of $20 million with an appropriation of $5-million for the *irst year of a three-year program of grants for administrative costs of state pro grams The President emphasized in his message the cursnt and critical needs of the nation’s public schools. He said: "The latest information sub mitted by th* States to th* Of fice of Education indicates that there is a deficit of more than 300,000 classrooms, a legacy—in part—of th* years of war and defense mobilization when con struction had to be curtailed. In addition, to keep up with mount ing enrollments, tti* nation must build at least 50,000 new ele mentary and high school class rooms yearly." It must also re place the thousands of class rooms which become unsafe and otherwise unusable '.ach year." The President said that during the current year some 60.000 new classrooms are being built and that the capital outlay for public school construction will reach an all-time high of $2-billion this year He said over the last five years, there has been more than $7-billion expend ed in new construction for 6,750,000 public school pupils but that dur ing these years more than 5,500.000 additional pupils have enrolled in the schools. “Thus the rate of construction has more than kept pace with mount ing enrollment,” the President said. “But it has only slightly re duced the total classroom deficit. “As a consequence, millions of children still attend schools which are unsafe or which permit learn ing only part-time or under condi tions of serious over-crowding To build satisfactory class-rooms for all our children, the current rate of school building must be multi plied sharply and this increase must be sustained.” The President stressed that fun. damentally the remedy lies with the states and their communities. orse Than Communism It is generally conceded that the masons are not as strong now as they were two decades ago, but their strength remains considerable. It is estimated that 15 per cent of all the professional men in Guate mala are Masons. They are said to be particularly well entrenched in the legal and political professions and in the army. Total membership is estimated at no less than 10,000. Reportedly President Castillo’s NCCW Asks Senators About Bill Authorizing Aid to Public Schools WASHINGTON (NC) A letter asking several point ed questions about Senate Bill No. 5, authorizing $500-millions a year for the next two years to help States erect public schools, has been addressed to every member of the U.S. Sen ate on behalf of the members of the board of directors of the National Council of Catholic Women. The letter, which will become a part of the record of hearings on Senate Bill No. 5, pointed out that most of the NCCW members, who number eight million, are mothers of school children, and said: “We share your concern, Sen ator, about the need for more teachers, new buildings and equip ment. We know how much these items cost because we are paying high taxes for public schools and then we pay again to take care of our parochial schools. We feel we know a cost of good deal about the high modern education.” letter pointed out that Th. Bill No. 5 forbids the Senate States to use any federal money for any kind of a nonpublic school building regardless of how badly it may be needed or for what service it may render in a particular city or town. The let. ter then asked these questions. “We have noted that the bill au thorizes an appropriation not to exceed $500-million a year Where may we find the evidence to show that approximately $500 million are needed to help the States meet their emergency build, ing needs? Frankly, we cannot es cape the impression that $500 million may be a ‘round figure’ chosen at random as a means to in itiate a much larger program of federal spending, perhaps much larger than needed, for public school buildings. Is this impression correct? “S. 5 would allocate funds to the States on the basis of their total school-age population, ages 5-17. This would mean that non-public school children would be ‘counted in’ for the purpose of giving fed eral money to the States but would be ‘counted out’ by the States when they spend the funds for public schools exclusively- This arrange ment would permit States with many children in nonpublic schools (Continued on Page 2) The ^ainolic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, February 11, 1955 New Holy Name School The new Holy Name School, pictured above, was opened officially this past week pro viding facilities for 320 students in grades one through eight. Designed by Floyd F. Glass, Columbus architect, the one-story structure is located at 154 E. Patterson Ave., the site of the old church school. The general contractor was Sever-Williams Co. of Washington C. H. Masonry in Guatemala Blocks Spreading of Christian Ideals By Elmer Vonn Feldt (S'/aff Writer N.C.W.C. News Service) The author of the following article is a member of the N. W. C. foreign news desk and recently returned from a visit to Guatemala, where he talked to civil and Church officials, including the Papal Nuncio and the Archbishop of Guatemala. Freemasonry in Guatemala now presents a greater block than communism to the ex pression of Christian ideals in the country’s new constitution. This appraisal of masonry in the Central American country was given by a number of well informed persons. Archbishop Mariano Rossell of Guatemala City empia, America differs greatly from that in the United States. "Guatemalan Masonry," the prelate declared, "is actively sec tarian. It is opposed to the Church, the clergy, Christianity and all religion. It is determined to exclude the Church and re ligion from public life." Masonry has been dominant in Guatemalan politics since 1870. It practically controlled the country’s government from that time until 1945, when tty= last distatorship was overthrown by a leftist coali tion. friendly gestures to religion and the Church during and immediate ly after the revolt prompted some Masons to start a whispering cam paign charging that the Church was trying to use Castillo to establish a “clerical dictatorship.” The campaign took on such pro portions that Archbishop Rossell felt compelled to issue a public de nial of these charges less than two months after the revolution. "The Church in Guatemala does not seek privileges," the Archbishop declared. "She seeks only an atmosphere of freedom for the spread of her religious, moral and social doctrine “The Church in Guatemala has never taken over the power of the state. On the contrary, it has been the state which has systematically robbed the Church of her goods, sought to interfere in the appoint ment of her ministers, prohibited her from exercising influence in labor questions, and even dared to impose on her rules for preaching.” One high Church official pointed out that even Catholics who mis takenly believe they are still loyal to the Church have joined the Ma- Though there have been several minor difficulties which have at times led to a lack of confidence in the government, the general po litical situation of the country has shown a definite improvement— something that seemed impossible after the elections of June, 1953. There Is reason to think that the stability and efficiency of the government has caused a weak ening of the Communist Party in Italy in its rank-and-file member ship not among the party lead ers as some mistakenly think. The past year has seen an im provement in the national budget, a decrease in the national debt, a growth in savings and deposits, and a wider use of American aid. The credit for all this goes first to Premier Scelba who, because of his strong and sincerely democrat ic convictions, has been the man of the hour. He has succeeded in composing the differences that have cropped up among the four parties represented in the coalition government. It can now be said that the Chris tian Democratic party has definite ly recovered from the internal crisis it suffered as a result of the June, 1953 election setback. There are still some tensions, and inner contradictions, but the party is now again well organized and disciplin ed. Its members have a healthy spirit of unity sponsibility. and personal re important factor present compara- The second explaining the lively healthy state of Italian po litical life is the relative growth of democratic labor unions and the corresponding decline of the communist-controlled unions. ized that masonry in Centra] sons in Guatemala. These Catho lics are persuaded to do this, he ex plained, because they receive a Ma sonic promise that it will help them in their career. It was also noted that many Catholics in Gutemala are taint ed by the "liberlistic" ideology of the Central American Masons. This ideology has dominated all state institutions for most of the *past century. It has two basic traits: In the religious field it is anti clerical and anti-religious, choosing to regard the Church as a natural enemy which tries to obtain a stranglehold on the country’s intel lectual and cultural life. In the economic field this liber alistic philosophy espouses a self ish, individualist capitalism which completely disregards the common good. There appears no doubt that ma sonry is still a potent force in Guatemala. The full extent of its power and its anti-clerical bias may be revealed in forthcoming debates and votes of the constituent assem bly now’ trying to frame a new con stitution. Italian Political Situation Held Better Under Premier Scelba The author of the following article is a member of the editorial staff of Osservature Romano, Vatican City daily. K By Federico Alessandrini ROME__(NC) When the coalition government headed by Premier Mario Scelba came to power on February 10, 1954, most observers of the stormy Italian political scene predicted its existence would be brief and difficult. Today, a year later, the Scelba govern ment is still in power, and, barring unforeseen troubles, will remain at the helm at least un til the presidential elections in May. more that the communist-dominat ed trade union federation is much more interested in political action in favor of the Communist Party than in strict trade unionism in the workers’ interest. Such external factors as the Par is agreement to rearm Germany, and the general impression that the Western World has taken the initiative away from the Soviets have had a negative effect on the Italian Communist Party. If this ‘Strolling Priest9 Dies At Latrobe LATROBE, Pa. (NC) They buried St. Vincent College’s belov ed “strolling priest” in the college cemetery here following a Requiem Mass in the St. Vincent Archabbey Church. He was Father Walter Stehle, O.S.B., 86, who had been a priest for more than 60 years. He was emeritus professor of English at the college and had occupied many high posts at the institution. He died here (Feb. 4) as the result of injuries received in a fall and com plications. A native of Bodnegg. Wuerttem berg, Germany, Father Stehle was ordained on July 11, 1894. He serv ed at parishes in Carrolltown, Pa., Baltimore and Pittsburgh before coming here to the college in 1910. He became known as “the stroll ing priest” because of his habit of taking walks to nearby towns such as Johnstown and Greensburg and back—a custom ne continued until shortly before the fatal fall. He al ways was remembered by his stu dents for his much repeated advice Workers are realizing more and i —-“Never any gains without pains.1 ious damage Father Ellis, who is professor of American Church History at the Catholic University of America and secretary of the American Catho lic Historical Association, asserted that “nothing is to be gained by de nying the fact” that Catholics dif fer with a large segment of other Americans on such quesions as di vorce, birth control and censorship of the films and magazines. “What is important.’’ he said, “is to keep in mind that Catholics hold these views from deep religious convic tions.” Despite these very real differ ences, he said, "the fundamental principle of separation of Church and State has always been ac cepted by the American hier archy from the time of Arch bishop Carroll to our own day." where the controversy is he said: depends entirely upon the As to headed, “That temper in which it is discussed.” A calm and deliberate approach to the problem will redound to the benefit of all concerned, he added. "But if the matter is left in the hands of those whose out look is obscured by prejudice," he continued, "we can look for ward to nothing better than an increase of the bitterness and hate which have divided men on this question during the past decade. Unfortunately, we Amer icans have never learned, as one of the keenest of our foreign critics has said of us, to discuss delicate issues of this nature on any other level than at the top of our voice." In tracing the development of the Church in recent decade*. Fa ther Ellis asserted that “one of the most significant and enduring ef fects of 'World War I” was the foundation of the National Cath olic War Council, later NCWC. Father Ellis said that of the five original N.C.W.C. departments, the Social Action Department is “the one that has probably’ impinged more than any other on the nation al consciousness.” This, he indicat ed, was due primarily to the late Msgr. John A. Ryan, longtime di rector of the department. In instances of Monsignor Ry an's influence, he said, was pamphlet on social reconstruc tion issued by the Bishops of the administrative committee in 1919. It presented a detailed set of principles and suggestions on effect should become more evident, it would be extremely significant. The picture in Italy today seems one to justify prudent optimism. Church-State Question Needs Calm Approach, Top Historian Asserts CHICAGO (NC) One of America’s top Catholic historians declared that if the solu tion of the controversy over U.S. church-state relationships is left to those whose outlook is “obscured by prejudice,” only bitterness and hate will result. Father John Tracy Ellis, in the last four addresses at the University of Chicago, declared that persons who impute “base motives” to Catholics for their opinions and actions do “ser Im 1c /'Inmnrtn 1 such subjects as the need for a minimum wage, unemployment, sickness and old age insurance, legal enforcement of the right of labor to organize, and the need for a public housing program. Father Ellis said that “these mat ters are today so much a common place in American life that it is dif ficult to comprehend the reaction which this document aroused But he noted that some thought it “so radical” that the president of the National Association of Manufac turers protested to Cardinal Gib bons against “partisan, pro-labor union, socialistic propaganda under the official insignia of the Roman Catholic Church in America.” In the course of his lecture. Fa ther Ellis made these other points: "That in proportion to their numbers, American Cath o I ice since 1900 have exercised no where near the leadership and influence, or attained the nation al prominence, that might be ex- In answer, Bradbury, a member of Holy Cross parish, wrote: "There has never been a pub lic contention made by decent people that these schools are not American. Religious e edom, Tacheii Evacuees Aided by Catholic Relief Workers TAIPEI, Formosa—(NC)—Ameri can Catholic relief workers got quickly into action in Keelung, port city near here, as the first batch of civilian evacuees fleeing the threat of Chinese communist inva sion arrived from the Tachen Is lands, 200 miles north of Formosa. As the first thousand evacuees arrived in the port, they were pro vided with food and clothing ship ped here by War Relief Services— National Catholic Welfare Confer ence. “A shipment of clothes donated during the American Bishops’ Thanksgiving drive came in the nick of time,” said Fathet Frank J. O’Neill, War Relief Services’ representative in Formosa. He was referring to a consignment of 12, 000 bales of clothing and shoes. Oldest Printed Bible Among th* many displays of old Bibles exhibited during Bible Week is the rare Constance Missal, a recent acquisition of the Pierpont Morgan Library in New York. It is one of three recorded copies ex tant. Printed some time around 1450, scholars after year* of debate concede that it precedes the famed Gutenberg Bible by six years and is believed by some to be th* work of Johann Gutenberg. Printed in red and black ink, th* Morgan Library copy was originally owned by the Capuchin Monastery, Romont, Switzerland. Learn the Catholic Viewpoint! Support Your Catholic Press Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year pected of thorn." This ho attrib uted to preoccupation with immi grants the "non-intellectual" en vironment of America, and with it, "the absence of an awareness among prominent and wealthy Catholics of ths value attaching to intellectual achievement" and "discrimination against Catholics to keep them out of posts of leadership, regardless of their merits." “As a result of large-scale immi gration, the American Church finds its racial and national strains the most varied of all the branches of the Universal Church, while nu merically it is the third largest body of Catholics in the world, ex ceeded only by those of Brazil and Italy.” “Official Catholic population fig ures in the United States are un derestimated. and instead of the 31,648.424 given out last year, the figure mav indeed be nearer to 40.000,000.” Ohio Editor Defends Catholic School System GLOUSTER, O (NO “I send my children to a Catholic school to better prepare them spiritually for their journey through life to the ultimate goal of everlasting happi ness in the life hereafter.” With these words, Carl P. Bradbury, editor and publisher of the Press, a local newspaper here, defended his religious freedom and the Catholic school system from an attack of an anonymous “Reader of the Press.” Incensed over Bradbury’s posi tion on an issue involving proposed consolidation of Glouster and Trim ble Township Schools, the reader, taking no stand himself, attacked the editor for having removed his “children out of our American schools” and sending them to “schools whose executive head re sides in Rome.” the right to worship as one sees fit, is still a guarantee of the Constitution of the United States, a fact which makes America great." The Press editor stated that hi* decision to send his children to St. Bernard’s School in Corning not based on a dislike for Glouster schools. “I think Glouster and Trimble schools fine as they are, but would be bet ter if consolidated,” he said. “And a good many local people agree.” was the the Chiding the reader for his “in tolerant comment,” Bradbury add ed: “It’s people like you who like to stir up religious trouble in a town and try to put one group in conflict against another.” After the letter and rebuttal had appeared, the Press editor com mented that “there are many, many people here of all faiths who complimented me on my stand.” o------------- Beatification Cause for Pius IX Progressing VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) —The seventy-seventh anniversary of the death of Pope Pius IX (Feb. 7, 1878) finds the cause of his be atification progressing very satis factorily, according to informed persons here. Last December, the Sacred Con gregation of Rites unanimously ap proved the introduction of the be atification cause of Pius IX. During his pontificate the dogmas of the Immaculate Conception (1854) and of Papal Infallibility (1870) were formally defined.