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Vol. IV, No. 21
Tito Holding Church
In Vice-Like Grip
Target Is the Clergy
The following dispatch is fr a veteran American. newspaper
man who made a 15-day tour of Yugoslavia.
By Joseph Napolitan
ZAGREB, Yugoslavia (NC) The communist govern
ment of Yugoslavia is putting the big squeeze on the Catholic
Church in this country.
The government policy is vise-like:
Churches and church property are heavily taxed, and
serious obstacles impede the Church’s attempts to obtain
All the parochial schools have been closed, and theology
professors have been ousted from
of the war has not
seized by the
after the close
“We are down to a bare mini
mum,” reported a monsignor re
cently released from prison.
The Church may not legally re
ceive financial assistance from out
side the country, a Catholic spokes
Seminaries remain open in
face of financial and political
stacles. Seminarians are not
empted from military service. Like
other Yugoslav young men they
must serve two years if they are
not university graduates, one year
if they are.
During their military service
they are under constant pressure
to renounce their vocation and of
ten are prohibited from attending
The poorly paid Yugoslav peo
ple themselves are unable to pro
vide much financial help to the
Living expenses are high. Cloth
ing costs as much as it does in the
United States, food almost as much.
Rent is reasonable, and medical
and dental expenses are paid by
But the typical Yugoslav fam
ily is making a distinct sacrifice
if it contributes as much as $1
a month to the Church.
The impoverished church coffers
mean that repairs to churches, sem
inaries, convents and homes of the
clergy cannot be made. Building
new churches or acquiring proper
ty is out of the question.
The government is attempting—
with a reported small measure of
success--to organize priests into
a union-like group, called the SS.
Cyril and Methodius Association.
As inducements it makes it easier
for members to obtain vestments
Two Priests in Red
To Life in Prison
VIENNA—(NC) Two Hungar
ian priests were sentenced to life
in prison, a Budapest radio station
It marked the first knourn time
that priests have been sentenced
since the Hungarian Reds initiated
their policy of greater tolerance
to religion more than a year ago.
The priests, Fathers Othmar
Faddy and Lajos Bonis, both Fran
ciscans, were sentenced with
other citizens as “enemies of
Reports reaching here from
Soviet satellite countries state that
Catholic Church authorities there
are viewing the power shift in the
Kremlin with some anxiety. There
is a fear that Georgi Malenkov’s
demotion and the apparent emer
gence of Nikita Khrushchev as the
strong man may suddenly end the
short period of greater religious
tolerance in the satellite countries.
Reportedly one of the key devel
opments to watch will be whether
Matyas Rakosi will replace Pre
mier Irme Nagy as the power in
Hungary. Rakosi, the veteran com
munist leader, is saief to be dissat
isfied with the soft policy to re
ligion being followed by Nagy in
and other necessities, and permits
them to travel outside the country.
Yugoslav priests are not permit
ted to visit Rome to study, nor are
instructors from the Vatican allow
ed into this country.
Although all parish schools have
been closed. Catholic children can
attend catechism classes and re
ceive the Sacraments.
More than two dozen Yugoslav
Catholics told this reporter that
the government had in no way in
terfered with their attendance at
It appears that clergy is, at
this time, the sole target for gov
ernment religious restrictions.
Tiny shrines still stand before
homes in Slovenia and Croatia, and
Catholics openly display signs of
Numerically, Catholics outnum
ber communists by an overwhelm
ing majority: there are 6.000,000
Catholics to 730,000 Communist
But, at the moment the commun
ists are making use of the power
Right to Work
Laws May End
ST. LOUIS, Mo. (NC)
“Some unions in the U. S. may
be thoroughly wiped out by
the so-called ‘right to work’
legislation.’’ Father Leo C.
Brown, S.J., predicts in the
March issue of Social Order,
magazine published by the
Institute of Social Order here.
The Jesuit priest writes that the
labor laws will create organizing
problems which many unions, par
ticularly in many service indus
tries, could not surmount.
“I would expect unions to dis
appear in many establishments
and to be rendered almost wholly
ineffectual in others.” he states.
“Briefly, I would expect the ef
fects of this legislation to be most
severe where the unskilled and
semi-skilled are employed and per
haps where unions are most
Th* priest-economis* backs up
his prediction with figures and
instances to show that the new
legal measures will work only
harm to the security and devel
opment of mass unions of un
skilled American workers.
“The critical issue of union se
curity and union membership re
cruiting are the special danger
s* ots where the provisions in such
iaws can seriously strike the larg
er unions o’- eliminate them com
pletely,” he declares.
Lenten Fast, Abstinence Laws
Everyone over 7 years of age is bound to observe the law
Complete abstinence is to be observed on Fridays, Ash
Wednesday, the Vigils of the Assumption and Christmas, and on
Holy Saturday morning.
On days of complete abstinence meat and soup or gravy
made from meat may not be used at all.
Partial abstinence is to be observed on Ember Wednesdays
and Saturdays and on the Vigils of Pentecost and All Saints.
On days of partial abstinence meat and soup or gravy made
from meat may be taken only once a day at the principal meal.
Everyone over 21 and under 59 years of age is also bound
to observe the law of fast.
The days of fast are the weekdays of Lent, Ember Days,
the Vigils of Pentecost, the Assumption, All Saints and Christmas.
On days of fast only one full meal is allowed. Two other
meatless meals, sufficient to maintain strength, may be taken
according to each one’s needs but together they should not
equal another full meal. Meat may be taken at the principal
meal on a day of fast except Fridays, Ash Wednesday and the
Vigils of the Assumption and Christmas.
Eating between meals is not permitted but liquids, includ
ing milk and fruit juices, are allowed.
When health or ability to work would be seriously affected,
the law does not oblige.
In doubt concerning fast or abstinence, a parish priest or
eonfessor should be consulted.
The annual collection for mission work among approx
imately 860,0000 Indians and Negroes in the United States is
scheduled in all parishes in the Columbus Diocese Sunday.
James Kulp, diocesan director of
the Society for the Propagation of
the Faith, said the mission work
enables priests, nuns and lay teach-
Emphasizing the importance of the collection, Father
The Spirit of Lent
The artist has depicted the spirit of Lent and members of the
Universal Church at the foot of the Cross during the penitential
season which began Ash Wednesday, February 23, and ends April
10, Easter Sunday.
Annual OCWC Meeting
Will Adjourn Today
More than fifty representatives of the Bishops of Ohio
are in Columbus today bringing to a close the deliberations
of their annual meeting as members of the Ohio Catholic Wel
fare Conference. Bishop Ready is host to the Conference.
charge of arrangements for the
two-day meeting which opened yes
terday. Thursday, with committee
deliberations at 10 a. m.
meeting was scheduled
clock this morning.
Father John Staunton, Secretary of the O.C.W.C., is in
for 10 o’
Discussions at the
which are being held at the Neil
House have centered on the fields
of hospitals, charities, education,
social welfare, youth, social action
and the press.
Guests of Bishop Ready for the
annual meeting are Archbishop
Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati Arch
bishop Edward F. Hoban, Cleve
land Bishop Emmett M. Walsh,
Youngstown: Bishop George J.
Rehring, Toledo Auxiliary Bishop
Edward G. Hettinger, Columbus
Auxiliary Bishop Floyd L. Begin
and Auxiliary Bishop John J. Krol,
both of Cleveland.
Representatives from the arch
diocese of Cincinnati included Mon.
signor R. Marcellus Wagner, Mon
signor Paul F. Leibold, Monsignor
Carl J. Ryan, Monsignor Edward
J. Freking, Monsignor August J.
Kramer, Father Edward Graham,
Father Raymond J. Schroder, Fa
ther Edward Connaughton, Father
Francis Flanagan, Father William
Hackett, Father William Franer,
Herman Kenning, Father
Shappelle, Father Earl
and Edward J. Dempsey,
the Diocese of Cleveland
Monsignor Francis J. McGlynn,
Annual Collection for Indian,
Negro Missions Is Set Sunday
ers to go into the center of Indian
and Negro communities and direct
ly invite them into the church.
"The appeal increases in im
portant," Father Kulp said, "be
cause these groups are the fast
est-growing segments of our pop
“The American Indian is now the
opposite of the disappearing native
of a few years ago. The number of
converts hardly keeps pace with
the increase in population. More
over, of the 15,000,000 Negroes in
the United States, only about
500,000 share the Catholic faith,
and of 360,000 Indians, more than
100,000 are Catholics.
Father Kulp also pointed out
that over 470 parishes and mis
sions, in addition to 332 schools,
are maintained to reach the Ne
gro. There are almost 700 priests,
1800 sisters and 370 lay teachers
engaged in this work, he said. In
the Columbus Diocese, the work
of four missionary priests of the
Congregation of the Immaculate
Heart of Mary need continued
aid in this work, Father Kulp
The funds will be sent to Wash
ington, D.C., for distribution by
the Bureau of Indian and Negro
Missions, an organization compos
ed of the Bishops of the United
The collection has been held an
nually since 1884.
The L.... olic Times
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, February 25, 1955
Monsignor Clarence E. Elwell, Mon
signor Frederick B. Mohan. Mon
signor Michael B. Ivanko, Father
Aloysius Fitzpatrick, Father John
J. Humensky, Father Thomas Cor
rigan, Joseph Gelin and Thomas
From the diocese of Columbus:
Monsignor Roland T. Winel, Mon
signor Herman E. Mattingly, Mon
signor William E. Kappes, Father
Lawrence Corcoran, Father Au
gustine L. Winkler. Father Ben
nett Applegate, Father Richard
(Continued on Page 2)
Specifically, Chester’s bill for
bids the sale or possession of
pictures, cartoons of comics
dealing with horror stories,
crime or obscene matter which
contribute to juvenile delinquency
and tend to incite to crime.
Separate bills which would for
bid the publication and distribu
tion of obscene literature were
introduced in the Senate earlier
by Sen. Charles Carney of
Youngstown and Sen. Elizabeth
Gorman of Cleveland. Two hear
ings already have been held on
In addition, Rep. Harry Cork
well of Ottawa and Rep. Earl Ap
plegate of Steubenville have joint
ly sponsored a bill which would
create a three-member magazine
censorship board to pass upon “all
but scientific and educational pub
Meanwhile, in New York, Judge
Charles F. Murphy, who took
over as "czar" of the comic book
industry's decency code last fall,
has asked 29 publishers to "kill"
advertisements of a firm which
sells youngsters guns, throwing
knives and bull whips.
The code which Murphy adminis
isters for the Comic Magazine As
sociation of America bars the pub
lication of horror, obscenity, nud
ity and excessive violence in the
comics and bans advertising of dan
Since Judge Murphy took over
as administrator of the code, the
association’s “seal of approval” has
been withheld from comic books
containing ads with pictures of
such missiles as bull whips and
But a survey by the New York
World-Telegrem and Sun showed
weapons in their wares, and that
small-type lists hundreds of
'novelties' also included whips,
one mail order company
deliverately violating the
by placing ads for cata
which include the banned
As a result of the paper’s sur
vey, Judge Murphy sent telegrams
to the 29 members of the associa
Pope's Message to Children
The heroism of the Lithuanian
people and their steadfast ad
herence to the ideals of liberty
were warmly praised here as
Congress joined in the obser
vance of the 37th anniversary
of the declaration of Lithuan
Lithuania proclaimed its inde
pendence on Feb. 16, 1918, after
being long subject to Czarist Rus
sia. It remained a member of the
family of free nations until 1940,
when it was enslaved by Soviet
On the eve of the anniversary.
Msgr. John Balkunas. pastor of
the Church of the Transfigura
tion Maspeth Long Island, N.Y.,
and a member of the American
Lithuanian Council, delivered the
prayer with which the U.S. Sen
ate opened its deliberations. On
the anniversary day. Msgr. Francis
M. Juras. pastor of St. Francis
Church, Lawrence, Mass., gave the
opening prayer in the House of
On both days, members of th*
Senate -nd th* House succeed
ed one another in paying trib
ute to Lithuania and its peo
ple. Sen. Frederick G. Payne
of Maine told his conferres that
there are in this country a mil
lion Americans of Lithuanian
descent. The population of
Lithuania itself is 95 per cent
Also paying tribute to the Lithu
anian people was Sen. Paul H.
Douglas of Illinois who called at
tenlion to the fact that Russia’s
attempts to have its conquests of
Lithuania and other Baltic coun
tries recognized have been stead
fastly refused by the United
States. He declared:
“I hope that we shall continue
to oppose any such recognition
and that we may stand fast.”
Other congressmen commending
the red-controlled country were
Representatives Michael A.
Feighan and Charles A. Vanik,
both of Ohio.
Ohio Solons Studv 4 Measures
Forbidding Indecent Literature
A bill which would take obscene comic books off the
newstsands was introduced by Rep. John Chester of Co
lumbus last week in the Ohio House of Representatives.
It is the fourth measure relating to indecent literature to
be introduced in the current ses-|
sion of the General Assembly.
“If it is at all possible kill the
ad which offers the catalogue and
substitute acceptable copy.
“In the future advertising of this
nature will not be approved by
Meanwhile, in Washington, Rep
resentative Emanuel Celler of New
York has introduced a bill which
would make one knowingly trans
porting in interstate commerce for
purpose of sale any obscene book,
film, picture, recording or similar
matter, subject to imprisonment up
to five years and a maximum fine
Will Be Guest
Of the Diocese
The Most Reverend Cyril C.
Cowderoy, Bishop of historic
St. George’s Cathedral, South
wark, England, will be the
guest of Bishop Ready next
week. He comes from one of
the most bombed areas of
England during World War II.
Bishop Cowderoy will preach at
ten o’clock Mass at the Cathedral,
Sunday, March 6.
With its roots deep in the hearts
of the Irish who went to England
ed in one
the city’s poorest and most thickly
populated. Located just south of
the Thames river, the congested
streets of the parish are familiar to
the readers of Charles Dickens.
decades, the great Ca
Southwark was destroy
of the heavy raids on
1941. The area is one of
The Cathedral was originally
built just over a century ago by a
London Irish priest, Father Thom
as Doyle, to provide for the needs
of thousands of Irish immigrants.
It became a Cathedral only on the
Restoration of the British Hierar
chy in 1850. St. George’s, there
fore, is the great link between the
days of persecution and the days
of the revival, and it was in St.
George’s that Cardinal Wiseman, to
whom the English-speaking Catho
(Continued on Page 2)
Lenten Gifts to Poor Afford
Spiritual, Physical Protection
Pope Pius’ message was read by
cinnati over the
networks of the
is chairman of the Administrative
Board of the National Catholic
Welfare Conference, read the let
ter because of the continued illness
of the Pope.
J. Alter of Cin
four major radio
country on Ash
It was the ninth annual mes
sage from the Holy Father, writ
ten in connection with th* yearly
Laetare Sunday collection which
enables continuation of the over
seas relief programs of the two
relief agencies of the American
Bishops: War Relief Services—
NCWC, and the Bishop's Welfare
and Emergency Relief Fund.
During Lent, the school children
are urged to make sacrifices by
foregoing candy, movies and other
treats, and instead, to contribute
little gifts which will be included
in the laetare collection.
(N.C.W.C. News Service)
His Holiness Pope Pius XU has written the children of America that their gifts to
youngsters in other parts of the world do more than care for physical needs, but protect the
souls of these children “who are without good homes and are forced to roam the streets.”
In his annual Lenten message to the school children of this country, the Holy Father
also asked them to try to be like Christ and “ask Him each morning to preserve for you the
sweet innocence of childhood
bodies, cloth* and shelter them.
It will also protect their tender
souls from so many dangers that
The Pontiff also wrote that it
was “a great consolation”
him when the school children were
generous and “. happy to make
your little sacrifices during Lent
so that others too may be happy
and good like you.”
RALEIGH, N. C. (NC)
A total of 769 converts were
received into the Church in
the Diocese pf Raleigh, which
covers most of North Carolina,
With about 32.000 Catholics
in the State, this figures out to
The Holy Father s message
the children reads as follows:
“How good the Lord God is!
has given Us once again the wel
come opportunity to speak to Our
dear children in America. And
first, a word of thanks for all the
prayer you have been saying for
Us. A child’s prayer is always so
pleasing to the Heart of Christ, He
takes real delight in it.
“Then, We know, you are pre
paring to gather gifts to send to
other children of far-off coun
tries—children who are so poor, so
often abandoned, that they must
still look longingly and gratefully
to you for help.
"And the help you send them
will do more then feed their
Family Clinic to Hold
A new family service will be inaugurated by St. Ann’s
Family Clinic next month when a series of conferences on
marriage will be conducted at St. Ann s for the benefit of
This new service is another effort on the part of the clinic
to form a well-rounded program to
promote sound family life and as
sist couples to achieve the full joy
of Christian living.
Groups attending the conference
will be limited in size to twenty
couples, the first group will meet
on Sunday. Mar. 20, and the follow,
ing Thursday evening. The second
group will meet on Sunday, Mar.
27, and Thursday, Mar. 31. The pro
gram will be repeated in April if
additional couples wish to attend.
Father Thomas Duffy of St.
Charles Seminary will conduct
th* Sunday afternoon series of
conferences and discussions de
voted to the spiritual and relig
ious aspects of marriage. The
program will approximate an
afternoon of recollection on
marriage. The day will close
with Benediction of the Blessed
Sacrament offered in th*- chapel
at St. Arm's.
The second section of the two
day program will take place the
following Thursday evening at St.
Ann’s. A panel, including two doc
tors, a social worker and a mar
ried couple, will discuss with the
group certain medical, social and
practical aspects of marriage.
Those wishing to attend the con
ferences are requested to call St.
TOLEDO, O.—(NC)—By unani.
mous vote, the City Council has
adopted a fair employment prac
tices ordinance to be administered
by the Board of Community Rela
tions. Similar efforts failed at City
Hall in 1946 and 1951.
Any discrimination charge will
get a first hearing from a five
member panel named by the
chairman. One panel member must
represent either a religious or rac
ial group. If the panel finds
grounds for a complaint, it may
refer the case to the Mayor for
settlement. Should this fail, the
panel’s majority may arrange a
public hearing preliminary to
prosecution. Fines up to $100 are
Two priests serve on the 24-mem
ber Board of Community Relations
established by City Council in 1946.
They are Msgr. Michael J. Doyl?,
Catholic Charities director, and Fa
ther Joseph Shea, OM.L, a pastor.
convert for every 45
no breakdown of these
indicate the motivating
factor behind the start of each
conversion The temporal forces
involved, however, appear priman
ly to be the two conversion tech
niques applied under the guidance
of Bishop Vincent S Waters and
Auxiliary Bishop James J. N’avagh
These techniques ere the con
vert visitation program conduct
ed on a State wide basis each
year, a program launched in
1953, and the use of a trailer
chapel to carry the Faith into
of this mission
involved in the
of the Catholic
ter The Sign of the Cross, by Dale
Francis in Charlotte, the State’s
largest city, and a question-and
answer Sunday radio program,
“The Belief of Catholics.” also con
ducted by Mr. Francis over the
State’s most powerful radio station
Ann’s Family Clinic, 1555 Bryden
Rd., EV. 9537 or Miss Judy Metz
maier, HI. 4-0434
Learn the Catholic
Viewpoint I Support
Your Catholic Press
Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year
surround young boys and girls,
who are without good home* and
are forced to roam th* streets.
“So We are sure you will be gen
erous and will be happy to make
your little sacrifice during Lent so
that others too may be happy and
good like you. That will be a great
consolation to L’s.
“And one more favor We ask
from you. dear children. Remem
ber that Jesus was once young and
small like you. How gentle, how
modest He was. obedient to his lov
ing mother and foster father. Oh,
try to be like Him and ask Him
each morning to preserve for you
the sweet innocence of childhood.
“And now. dear children, with
all the affection of Our heart, We
are going to impart to you. to your
devoted parents and to your teach
ers the Apostolic Blessing.
“May the blessing of Almighty
God. Father, Son and Holy Spirit,
descend on you and remain for-
15 Bovs in
To St. Charles
The names of 15 eighth
grade students in the Colum
bus Diocese were announced
this week as recipients of one
year tuition scholarships to St.
Charles Preparatory School.
The 15 received the top grades
on the Bishop Ready Scholarship
Test given at St. Charles a week
ago More than 200 boys competed.
Msgr. Paul O’Dea, dean of
studies at St. Charles, announced
Joseph A. Wander of St. Christo
pher’s James E. Bailey of Holy
Name: John E. Hohmann of St.
Thomas the Apostle Robert M.
Engle of Our Lady of Victory
James S. Ridgeway of St. Cath
arine’s John E. Dodson of St.
Agatha’s Walter J. Wesner of Im
Dennis P. Moore of St. Augus
tine’s Thomas R. Finneran of St.
Mary’s William C. Siehold of
Christ the King Michael Winchell
of St. Gabriel’s Robert H. Diggs
of St. Cyprian’s Patrick Donley of
Our Lady of Peace: Edward F.
Hackett of St. Patrick's. London
and Larry E. McDonald of St
Registration for the September
term closes March 1.
Cause of ‘Apostle of Molokai,’
r. Damien, 1 nt rod need in Rome
Th* Sacred Congregation of Rites has announced the imminent
introduction of the beatification cause of Father Damien de Veus
ter, SS.CC., "Apostle of Molokai." Pictured above is Father
Damien (left) as a young priest before he ieft his native Belgium)
to begin his heroic career among the lepers on the Island of Molo
kai. He is shown (right) as he appeared a few months before his
death in 1889, a victim of leprosy. Fr. Damien was a member of
the Fathers of th* Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, whoso
American motherhouse is at Fairhaven, Mass.
FAIRHAVEN. Mass (NC)
The Cause of Beatification
of Father Damien de Veuster,
SS.CC., apostle of the lepers
of Molokai, is being formally
introduced in Rome, it was
Father William C. Condon,
SS.CC., U.S. provincial of the
Sacred Hearts Fathers, says
the Apostolic Process was to begin
by the middle of March.
First step in the process will be
the examination of the heroic de
gree of the virtues of the leper
priest, to be followed by the exam
ination of reported miracles.'
The Sacred Hearts Fathers said
that among the recent favors at
tributed to Father Damien’s inter
cession is the case of a Carmelite
nun who has regained her hearing.
She is Sster Mary Lucy, of the
Immaculate Heart Carmel in Santa
Fe, N.M., who suffered almost to
tal loss of hearing last summer
after destruction of one ear drum
and serious scarring of the other.
On being treated by an ear spe
cialist, Sister Lucy was told her
hearing was permanently impaired.
But after applying a relic of
the famous missionary and making
several novenas, her hearing was
completely destored. After her
specialist, a non-Catholic, examin
ed her again, he stated in writing
that “in view of the anatomical
and pathological condition of your
ear-drums and middle ear, I am
unable to explain your excellent
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