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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. Mar. 4.1955 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohm Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15, Ohio Address all communications for publication to P. 0. Box 636 Columbus 16. Ohio Telephones: CA. 4-5195 CA. 4*5196 The Bishop’s Statement Tito Strangles Religion be dis regarded. not hold ouraelve* responsible for any *irw« ins rxoreaaed in the communications of nor This Paper Printed by Union Labor In a statement issued at the close of the an nual meeting of the Ohio Catholic Welfare Confer ence the Bishops of Ohio direct attention tc. some important problems "which have to do with the so cial and moral welfare, not only cf Catholics, but of all Ohio citizens. The statement is published on another page. For those who might judge that the Statement has political implications, the eviaent answer is that anything which has to do with morals is rightly the concern of the Bishops and as to welfare, the equally evident answer must be that welfare dare not be a political football, and the Bishops did not in any issue disturb themselves about party atti tudes toward any welfare problem It is to be noted that our Bishops are concerned in all neighborly charily about the prosperity and happiness nf all citizens, and that they have deep sympathy for the needy, no matter who they may he, and to what degree they may have fallen. Proper care of delinquent youth so that they can be reclaimed instead of given the opportunity to become hardened in their waywardness is an ex ample of this. Protection of all from the evils of obscene entertainment and publications is another demand of the Bishops for the moral welfare of all. The promotion of justice is rightly within the province of the Hierarchy, and their words of ad monition to management and labor are intended for just that purpose While condemning any proposed ‘back-to-work” legislation, they also warn against injustices on the part of the employee as well as emplovet .Justice is again demanded in asking that all children ol Ohio be considered equal before the law as long as they act within their constitutional rights. Hence, children who attend other than public schools have as much right for consideration as those who do attend the public schools. All should receive aid of government in an equal degree, since all arc called upon to pay taxes without discrim- Thei e was no flag waving, no rabble-rousing in the Bishops’ Statement. Couched in calm and reserved language it breathed a spirit of fatherly kmdnes* and fatherly care foi all. It deserves thoughtful rending not only by the two million Catholics nf Ohio hut hv all nur non-Catholic Accurate information from Yugoslavia makes it quite plain that Tito has just one object tn view namely, the complete annihilation of religion. N« matter what he and his henchmen may say to a gullible group of United Nations officials or also Io some American leaders, there is no room to doubt that the Yugoslav people dwell in poverty and that their one consolation, their religion, is be ing forced out of the life of the nation and into the private and secret recesses of homes. The "big squeeze" is on. Churches and church properly are heavily taxed. It is being made im passible for churches to obtain aid, even from sources outside the country. AU parochial schools are closed, and professors of theology arc ousted from universities. Seminaries remain open under the most difficult circumstances. Seminarians must serve in the army, during which time great press ure is exerted upon them to give up their vocation. Wages of the people are miserably low, while liv ing expenses are high. This means that the people can contribute little or nothing to the church. Not only are the clergy unable to build new churches, but they are unable to make the most necessary repairs on the nld ones. Churches are simply fall mg down. Only the extremely naive and intellectual morons could still believe that there is any decency in Titn, To Help I s Persevere The penantes and practices which the Church calls upon her children to undertake during Lent are not easy they seem especially harsh to our generation, accustomed as we have become to com fort and self indulgence. But they arc intended to train us in strength for the battle of life the obli gations of Ixmt only reflect and emphasize the obligations that as Christians we must meet at al! times, day after day, year after year. When the Christian practices Ixmten penances, placing close restraints upon his appetites. he is expected to remember that he must always be master of those appetites, keeping them under con trol, and never letting them rule him. When he de votes special time to lenten prayers and meditation, he should be learning the value and beauty of these experiences, so as to make them a permanent part of his existence And he finds that through his self denial, and his regular course of religious ob servances. his mind is illuminated and his spirit is invigorated so that he can face bravely the great realities of life, realize his own dignity, and understand his utter dependence upon God, his Creator and Redeemer. He recognizes that the truths thus brought into focus in the holy atmos phere of Lent are to be his guide and support amid the cares and temptations that are always with him. The spiritual journey upon which we entered at. the beginning of la-mt, accompanying Christ, as it were, as He went to Jerusalem foi His crucifixion, is a test of nur loyalty to Hun, if we remain stead fast and zealous rich graces will be ours. And it is tn help us persevere that the Church, in the Gospel nf Sunday's Mass, sets before us the account of the Transfiguration. Three of the disciples, Peter, James and John, were taken by the Savior up Mount Thabor, and there, as they watched, “His face shone as the sun, and His garments became white as snow. And behold, there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking together with Him. And a bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold a voice out of the ctoud said, ‘This is My beloved Son, whom I am well pleased hear Him”’ The disciples selected to witness this glimpse nf Christ s glory w ere the same three whom later He was to select to be near Him during His agony in the garden to strengthen them for the sorrow* of witnessing His suffering they were now per mitted to see the proof of His divinity even so we should be strengthened in our faith and our fervor by the observance of Lent. "Lord it is good for us to be here," Peter exclaimed when he saw Christ transfigured we should feel the same exaltation at being privileged to draw close to Christ in the Blessed Sacrament, where His divinity is made mani fest and where we are strengthened to grasp the meaning of Gethsemani and Calvary. And now that Lent is moving into its second week we should be making such “progress” in holiness as St. Paul speaks of in Sunday’s Epistle. 'You have learned from us how you ought to walk io please God,” the Apostle says. “For this is the will nf God. your sanctification that you abstain from immorality because the Lord is the aven ger of al) these things For God has not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness” Just Among Ourselves Patting Comment Considered or Inconsiderete The very first Gospel read at Mass in the sea son of Lent opens with the words of Our Lord, “When you fast be not as the hypocrites, sad.” l^nt is a time of penance, a time of undergoing hardships, a time of mourning a time of sorrow. But is not a time of sadness. To be sad is to be downcast. But the person whn does penance is energetic and alert in his work. He is not moody, depressed, gloomy, long of face. He is not merely indulging in a fit of the blues. He is striving manfully to countered his tendency to sin. and to make advance in virtuous living. Sadness is a sterile thing. It is a kind of self pity. It is not the purposeful bearing of the Cross it is a groaning, a distress, a wish to be rid of the Cross. Or sadness may be,—as in the case cf the hypocrite whom Our Ixird condemns.—a kind of public notice to others that one is hearing up nobly under crushing burdens it is a bid for attention it is a cheap* plea for the admiration of the multi tude Such sadness is always a mere show* it is, as Our lzrd named it. sheer hypocrisy. It is very important to draw the clean line of distinction between sadness and sorrow. In many points these two things are not only different, but opposite. For a striking illustration of the con trast between sadness and sorrow*, consider this: we find nothing incongruous in the title, “Our Sorrowful Mother but we lind completely in congruous, and even a little irreverent, the title, “Our Sad Mother." For we know that the Queen nf Sorrows is never merely sad. Our Ixud, in the Sermon nn the Mount (which is all that many people whn call themselves Christians know nf the teachings of Christ) says, “Blessed are they that mourn” He definitely does not say, “blessed arc Hiey v.ho are sad." There is no blessedness promised foi being downhearted, gloomy, depressed, moody, bitter of spirit, hope less, dull, self-centered in nursing one’s griefs. All these things are types of sadness none of them has the dignity of mourning nr sorrow. Sadness is the very contradiction of happiness. It is quite impossible tn think of a sad person as happy. But sorrow and happiness go hand in hand A person, for instance, w*ho has been ab solved from serious sin is happy in the recovery nf grace yet he does not therefore cease to bp sorry that he committeed the sins which have now been taken away. Two devoted friends who have been reconciled after a grievous qtiairel arc happy, but they are rlso steadfastly sorry for the unkindness nr injustice that marked their separation. The Blessed Mother, standing with the holy women and St. John beneath the Cross was delug ed with sorrow,—a greater sorrow than any mere mortal has ever borne yet it cannot be justly said that she was unhappy Our Ixrd Hinnself, at the beginning! of His Piassion, s aid, "My soul is sor ro w u I. “ven unto dcath." 1But that i human soul of 'hrist was never fo•r f.n instimt d’prived of the happy. eatific Visit) rendered it p«irfectly 1 -ent, then, is a st»ason !oi* mourninj and together with sereniity and happiness of srul. It is neither a dull tirrit, nor i gloomy 1time. It is e bright time. Nor is it a difficult srason to be doggedly endured in view 01 easier times ahead. It is a time of training, of schooling, of k•arning the ’•ight way to live, so that its spirit and much of its works, may be carried into the rest of the year, ft is not a season of hardship to be got through, somehow it is a season of glad opportunity to be welcomed and used for lasting profit. see The only real unhappiness that can afflict a Chris tian is the unhappiness of sin. Lent inspires a man Io get rid of sin immediately. It stirs the Catho lic to make instant and earnest use of the sacra ment of Penance for the season ol penance natural ly centers the thoughts of the faithful upon the sacrament of the same name. The purpose of every Lenten practice and devotion is the purpose of the sacrament of Penance,-—that is, to get souls free from sin, and to keep them free, and to ad vance in the growth of Christian virtue. And certainly this great purpose has nothing sad or gloomy about it. On the contrary, it is a pur pose to stir the soul to glad and willing effort. It is a thing heartening, not depressing it is hopeful, not despairing it is full of drive and energy, not a thing listless or dull. True, we think earnestly in this time upon the sufferings of Our Lord. We make the sorrowful Way of the Cross. We contemplate the terrible mysteries of the Passion. Ve meditate upon Christ crucified We follow the da’k treason of Judas, and the disappointing weakness of the other Apostles who abandoned Christ and "all fled away.” We consider our own “fallen and traitor lives." We lament the negligences an the offences which express our own active part in afflicting and cru cifying Our Saviour. Rut in all this sorrow, all this mourning, there is not an iota of mere sadness Our sorrow is fruit ful in resolution our lamenting is filled with high purpose our regret is not an idle emotion, but rather a powerful and active force for amendment and atonement. We are not “like the Gentiles who have no hope," but like loving children who now realize their deticicncies ind are. in deep sorrow, dctert.iined that these evil things shall cease to be. Out of the piofound lenten sorrow is horn the bright glory of amendment, In a day when sadness holds the world in thrall when, despite the triumphs of science, and the boasts of enlightenment, all mankind is oppressed with fears, threats, gloomy foreboding, it is im portant above all else that the children of the Faith sh uld instruct the world by noble example in the lessons of Christian sorrow. Ours is the task of show ing where true peace abides, where true hap piness is born of showing that there is a Death which gives Life, and a Sorrow that brings Joy and Glory. WERE APPROPRIATING THE MONEY.COUNTNER in. Zae's our SCHOOL WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON Something more than 15 years ago, His Holi ness Pope Pius Xll made a last minute effort to prevent the outbreak of World War II. A sentence which the Holy Father spoke al that time is better known today than it was then, and is even truer now than it was a decade and a half ago. His Holiness said: “Nothing is lost with peace all may be lost with war.” This observatioi is called strik ingly tn mind, because the world is divided into two camps, and lately each camp has been tell ing the world about (he destruc tive power of the weapons it pos sesses. And each camp has rea son to believe that the other has weapons that are equally de structive. In Russia, Foreign Minister Molotov hinted, against the best available sounding board, that the Soviets are ahead of the United States in the production of hydrogen bombs. Still other Red leaders have proclaimed that they have nuclear weapons in great variety, and that they can deal devastating blows to an enemy. In he United States, authori ties have expressed doubt that Russia is ahead of us in the hyd rogen bomb race: have said we could defeat Red China in 30 days, and have disclosed that a hydrogen bomb which we now LOUIS E. in DE AZ The secono stage of the “bat tle" is now with us. precisely as the Soviet fifth column planned it for the past five years. The first was the battle “against McCarthy ism This stage is registered i n the great head lines appear ing in the cur rent issues of the Daily Worker. Ke et" and “tht FBI informer sys tem.” lt is all working out just as the Communists outlined it on March 23, 1950, in the extraor dinary sessions of the National Committee, of the conspiracy. There and then it was that "the battle against McCarthyism" was launched And there and then this “battle” was to be link ed up with the attack on the credibility of Government wit nesses and through them, on the Federal Bureau of Investi gation. The orders were given to Moscow’s men in this country on that occasion by Gus Hall, later fugitive from justice and now in Federal prison, and by Gil Green, who has evaded American justice ny disappearing. Biiarrt Testimony Ry scuttling the most vital probes into the operations of the conspiracy, by working up the furor “against McCarthyism,” the Soviet fifth column set the stage for turning the whole pro cedure of Congressional inquir ies into an assault on those seek ing to halt the conspiracy. It was evident that, with the Commun ists preparing such a program, they would either plant persons among the ex-communists tes Unwanted Child AHP pU?lL$ NOW TA Ar were 1939 Warning Is Timely Today possess can spread destruction and death over ar area of 7.000 square miles. Some observers believe Russifa may be “sounding off” to divert attention from internal disturb ances. They point to the recent upheaval in the Kremlin regime to substantiate their position. In the United States it has been said that the people are entitled to know* about the destructive power of modern w’eapons, that they may be better able to pro tect themselves. Of course, the ominous warnings in one camp could prompt the other camp to* speak with the same foreboding. But there is another explana tion. It is pietty well agreed that neither of the two world camps wants another war, not now anyway But there has long heen the danger that—what with the name-calling, the aggressions and the grossly provocative acts that have been committed in re cent years the nations might "stumble" into World War III. It has been feared that, while na tions have been putting up with an abuse of diplomatic usages that would not have been tolerat ed not too long ago, some rela tively obscure individual, nr group of individuals, might do something that would plunge the world into conflict. There is rea son to believe that the fear is more real today than it has heen for some time. Attack on Government Witnesses tifying for the Government or seek to subvert a weakling among such, ex-Communists. As early as 1952, I had cau tioned those whom I could that one Harvey Matusow, an ob scure witness for the Govern ment and an alleged ex-Commun ist, was thoroughly unreliable. This was made quite clear from his bizarre testimony before the McCarran Committee that he could slip into any Communist unit meeting without difficulty. Anyone familiar with the situa tion knew that the conspiracy at that time had established strong "security” precautions, permitting their members to meet only in groups of three to five. It is this Matusow whom the Communists now discover and who states that he lied when testifying for the Government. SPENDING THE MONEY, Count Heart of the Matter On February 13, the Daily Worker could joyfully declare in its Sunday edition: "The Justice Department last week was fight ing frantically with its custo mary knee-in-the-groin tactics, to save its already shaky inform er system. For the system was clearly in danger of being dis credited by the revelations of Harvey Matusow not only that his testimony has been a tissue of lies but that the lies had heen manufactured in col lusion with the Department's of ficials." Nowhere does the Daily Worker indicate, of course, that the evidence on which the Com munist leaders were convicted was documentary evidence out of the basic “classics” of the Communists themselves. That is the very heart of the matter. Matusow, who characterizes lumaelf as “a young punk from her our. Shes not our k/d! JPARISH So, it is argued, the leaders of the two camps are giving out w’ith warnings about how de structive a new war could be. Trying to head off World" War If, Pope Pius XII made a radio plea to those in power and their people. His talk was entitled ‘The Grave Hour.” He said in part: “It is by force of reason, and not by force of arms, that jus tice makes progress, and empires which are net founded on justice, are not blessed by God. States manship emancipated from mor ality betrays those very ones who would have it so. The danger is imminent, but there is yet time. Nothing is lost wit' peace all may be lost with war. Let men return to mutual under standing! l/*t them begin negotia tions anew, ci nferring with good will and with respect for recip-t rocal rights. 'I hen they will find that to sincere and conscientious negotiations an honorable solu tion is never precluded. They will feel a sense of greatness in the true sense of the word if, by silencing the voices of passion— be it collective or private—and by leaving Io reason its rightful rule, they will have spared the blood of their fellow men and saMed their countries from ruin.” Pope Pius XII spoke on Au gust 4, 1939. Hitler declared war on Poland on September 1, 1939. the Bronx.” row has gone so far as to state for the Daily Worker that he lied when he testified that the Communist Par ty stood foi the overthrow of our Government by force and violence. In so stating, Matusow is exposing his own present fraudulent character. His testi mony on that point was not es sential, since the Communists admit this charge in effect by the wide distribution of those works which declare that the basic task of the Communists is the violent overthrow of this Government. Cora of Communism You can go into any one of the Communist bookstores scattered through the country and pur chase, right at this moment, Stal in’s “Foundations of I/ennmism" which stated that this period of history is that in which the dic tatorship in Soviet Russia is to be used as “a base" for the over throw of all non-Soviet govern ments. You can also read in the pages of that work, which the Communists study diligently, that the Government of the United States under the consti tution must be overthrown by violence. The Matusow incident would never have assumed its present proportions had it not been for Red success against “McCarthy ism." Neither would have occur red had the Governmen* taken a strong stand against Soviet ag gression and broken off relations with Soviet Russia. You can remedy this present mess by urg ing Congress and the Depart ment of Justice to go about their business by looking into and act ing against tnc Red enemies of the United States, and by telling Washington that any further ac quiescence in Soviet advance will prove fatal. Inquiry Corner Q. How do we know that mar riage is a sacrament? Is there any text in the Bible like that for Baptism (John 3:5) A. The Catholic Church teach es as a matter of Catholic Faith that matrirpony is one of the seven sacraments instituted by Christ (Council of Trent, 24:1). St. Paul refers to the marriage of Christians as like that of Christ and the Church (Ephesians 5.32) and the first miracle .of Christ’s life at the w*edding feast of Cana is often taken a the occasion of this “newness" imparted to marriage. St Ahgustine says that the superiority of marriage among the Christians consists in the sanctity of the sacrament. 31. John Chrj’sostom says, “The heathens estimated the happi ness cf marriage by the number of children whereas the Chris tian considers rather the sanc tity of the sacrament.” Q. In the profession of faith made by converts he states that he “condemns and reproves all that the Church has condemned and reproved.” Does that mean a condemnation of Protestants and Jews? A. The Catholic Church con demns and reproves cachings and practices which are contrary to those of Christ. It does not condemn any person, even if he is in error, except a person who deliberately rejects the moral teaching or moral precepts of Christ. St, Paul states the posi tion of the Church when he says, "But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel to you other than which we have preached to you, let him bp anathema!” (Galatians 1:8) The profession of faith means that the convert accepts matters of faith and morals as taught and applied by the Church which Christ founded. We believe that there is only one true Church, but w*e are toler ant and pray for those who do not have the true Church. Q. Can unboptized babies go to A. “Unless a man is born again of water and the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven.” (John 3:5) No one has any right by nature to enter heaven. It is a» supernat ural state and place God opens to us on certain conditions and Baptism is a minimum condition. Baptism of water (the actual re ception of the Sacrament is the ordinary way, hut an adult may MONSIGNOR HIGGINS Father Healey---------------- be saved through baptism of de sire or baptism of blood. It is (commonly taught that such in fants enjoy natural happiness. We should remember that God loves them and simply leave the mattei in His care, for any feel ing that there is any injustice or cruelty involvec certainly con flicts v ith what w»e know of God, Q. Is there any possibility that hell will end sometime? A. No. Jusl as our final choice of God as we die in the state of grace is permanent (eternal) so the free choice of those who re ject God is eternal. Describing the dost Judgment. Christ said, “Then he will say ,to those on his left hand, ‘Depart fn.m me, accursed ones, into the everlast ing fire which was prepared for the devil and his angels (Matt hew 25:41) In other places He refers to hell as eternal (Mark 9:42 Luker, 16:25-26) and there are many other references in the Bible (Isaias 51:24 Daniel 12:2) 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 Jude 1:6-8. Apocalypse 14:11). Q. What is the Church's atti tude toward socialized medi cine? Unfinished Business Reference was made week's column to the in last "unfin ished business” of the Bishops’ Program of Social Re o n s truction. It was pointed out that, while we have made ^onside a 1 e progress since 1919 in the field )f social legislation, as well as in the organization of abor unions, we have not yet effected that “comprehen sive scheme of reconstruction” mentioned in passing by the Bishops—but not elaborated up on—in their famous pronounce ment of that year. This long-range “reconstruc tion” of the social order—com monly referred to nowadays, for lack of a better term, as the Industry Council Plan is the major but not the only item of unfinished business n the agen da outlined in the Bishops’ Pro gram. Closely related to it is the matter of co-ownership of pro ductive property. Unlike the so-called Industry Council plan, the subject of. co-ownership was dealt with ex plicitly ny the Bishops in their 1919 statement. The majority of workers, they said, “must some how become owners, or at least in part, of the instruments of production. They ian be enabled to reach this stage gradually through cooperative productive societies and co-partnership ar rangements. In the former, the workers own and manage the in dustries themselves in the lat ter they own a substantial part of the corporate stock and ex cise a reasonable share in the management." "Mere" Wage Earner Still Of the ele'ven or more specific planks in the Bishops’ Program of Social Reconstruction, this was probably the most redical (in the best sense of the w*ord) and the most far-reaching in its implications for the future of the American economic system. The Bishops recognized that, to a great extent, it would involve the abolition of the traditional wage system of modern capitalism. They hastened to add, however, that it would not mean the abo lition of private ownership ‘The instruments of production,” 'they pointed out. “would still be own ed by individuals, not by the State.” During the 36 years which have elapsed since the Bishops’ Program was issued, compara tively little has been done to ef fect this far-reaching modifica tion of the wage system. Co-man agement has bean extended, in A. Pope Pius XI in his encyclic al Quadragesimo Anno (1931) stated that, socialism “whether as a doctrine, or as an historical fact, or as a movement, if it re mains Socialism, cannot be brought into harmony with the dogmas of the Catholic Church .” He does state, however, in the same encyclical that, "it may well come about that ’gradually these tenets of mitigated Social ism will nt longer be different, from the programme of those who seek to reform human so ciety according to Christian prin ciples.” While there is NO CA THOLIC ATTITUDE on such par ticular questions it could be ar gued that such social projects as socialized medicine, if not at tached to Socialism as such, do not conflict with Catholic prin ciples. Pope Pius XI continues hv giving an example, saying: "It is rightly contended that cer tain forms of property must he reserved to the State, since they carry with them a power too great to be left to private indi viduals without injury to the community at large.” Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey. Inquiry Corner. The Catholic Times, Rox 636. Co lumbus (16). Ohio. a variety of ways, through the everexpanding process of col lective bargaining but co-own ership of productive property still comes under the heading of unfinished business. To be sure, the average work ingman is better off n many ways than he was in 1919. But, as a general rule, he is still a “mere” wage earner (as the Bish ops referred to him then) and is not in any real sense of the word an owner of the means of pro duction. He depends almost en tirely on his daily or weekly wage—plus a certain amount nf security in the form of old-age and unemployment insurance, if he is fortunate enough to be cov ered under the Social Security law. Hope for Long-Range Program From 1919 until the present time, neither industry nor gov ernment nor the labor move ment itself has seriously address ed itself to this problem. All three, in varying degrees, hava heen interested in the worker’s welfare and security. But none of the three has been particu larly interested in the matter of co-ownership in the sense in which the term is used in the Bishops’ Program. It is readily understandable, of course, why the labor movement has not addressed itself to this long-range modification nf the wage system There have been too many other things to do in the short-run. This is true to some extent even today. However, now that the AFI CIO unity seems to be assured, there is reason to hope that the short-run objective of the labor movement will soon be achieved in substantial measure. A fur ther hope is that labor will then have the time and the energy to formulate a long-range program of cb-ownership along the lines suggested, with remarkable fore sight. more than 36 years ago in the Bishops Program of Social Reconstruction. Incidentally. congratulations are in order to Seorge Meany and Walter Reuther and their associates in the AFL and CIO on the completion or near-comple tion of their unity negotiations. They have acted in a verv states manlike manner, with the good of labor and the good of their country uppermost in their minds. The unity terms on which these leaders have agreed, subject to ratification by the membership of both organizations, are thor oughly realistic in the best sense of the word and thorou^hlv hon orable. Upon this solid founda tion thev can and will—with the grace of God establish the strongest and the best labor movement which the world has ever known.