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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, March 04, 1955, Image 4

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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. Mar. 4.1955
THE
CATHOLIC TIMES
Published Every Week by
The Catholic Times, Inc.
Columbus. Ohio
NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to
P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohm
Executive and Editorial Offices:
246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15, Ohio
Address all communications for publication
to P. 0. Box 636 Columbus 16. Ohio
Telephones: CA. 4-5195 CA. 4*5196
The Bishop’s
Statement
Tito Strangles
Religion
be dis regarded.
not hold ouraelve* responsible for any *irw«
ins rxoreaaed in the communications of nor
This Paper Printed by Union Labor
In a statement issued at the close of the an
nual meeting of the Ohio Catholic Welfare Confer
ence the Bishops of Ohio direct attention tc. some
important problems "which have to do with the so
cial and moral welfare, not only cf Catholics, but
of all Ohio citizens. The statement is published on
another page.
For those who might judge that the Statement
has political implications, the eviaent answer is that
anything which has to do with morals is rightly
the concern of the Bishops and as to welfare, the
equally evident answer must be that welfare dare
not be a political football, and the Bishops did not
in any issue disturb themselves about party atti
tudes toward any welfare problem
It is to be noted that our Bishops are concerned
in all neighborly charily about the prosperity and
happiness nf all citizens, and that they have deep
sympathy for the needy, no matter who they may
he, and to what degree they may have fallen.
Proper care of delinquent youth so that they can
be reclaimed instead of given the opportunity to
become hardened in their waywardness is an ex
ample of this. Protection of all from the evils of
obscene entertainment and publications is another
demand of the Bishops for the moral welfare of all.
The promotion of justice is rightly within the
province of the Hierarchy, and their words of ad
monition to management and labor are intended for
just that purpose While condemning any proposed
‘back-to-work” legislation, they also warn against
injustices on the part of the employee as well as
emplovet .Justice is again demanded in asking that
all children ol Ohio be considered equal before the
law as long as they act within their constitutional
rights. Hence, children who attend other than public
schools have as much right for consideration as
those who do attend the public schools. All should
receive aid of government in an equal degree, since
all arc called upon to pay taxes without discrim-
Thei e was no flag waving, no rabble-rousing
in the Bishops’ Statement. Couched in calm and
reserved language it breathed a spirit of fatherly
kmdnes* and fatherly care foi all. It deserves
thoughtful rending not only by the two million
Catholics nf Ohio hut hv all nur non-Catholic
Accurate information from Yugoslavia makes it
quite plain that Tito has just one object tn view
namely, the complete annihilation of religion. N«
matter what he and his henchmen may say to a
gullible group of United Nations officials or also
Io some American leaders, there is no room to
doubt that the Yugoslav people dwell in poverty
and that their one consolation, their religion, is be
ing forced out of the life of the nation and into the
private and secret recesses of homes.
The "big squeeze" is on. Churches and church
properly are heavily taxed. It is being made im
passible for churches to obtain aid, even from
sources outside the country. AU parochial schools
are closed, and professors of theology arc ousted
from universities. Seminaries remain open under
the most difficult circumstances. Seminarians must
serve in the army, during which time great press
ure is exerted upon them to give up their vocation.
Wages of the people are miserably low, while liv
ing expenses are high. This means that the people
can contribute little or nothing to the church. Not
only are the clergy unable to build new churches,
but they are unable to make the most necessary
repairs on the nld ones. Churches are simply fall
mg down.
Only the extremely naive and intellectual morons
could still believe that there is any decency in Titn,
To Help I s
Persevere
The penantes and practices which the Church
calls upon her children to undertake during Lent
are not easy they seem especially harsh to our
generation, accustomed as we have become to com
fort and self indulgence. But they arc intended to
train us in strength for the battle of life the obli
gations of Ixmt only reflect and emphasize the
obligations that as Christians we must meet at al!
times, day after day, year after year.
When the Christian practices Ixmten penances,
placing close restraints upon his appetites. he is
expected to remember that he must always be
master of those appetites, keeping them under con
trol, and never letting them rule him. When he de
votes special time to lenten prayers and meditation,
he should be learning the value and beauty of
these experiences, so as to make them a permanent
part of his existence And he finds that through his
self denial, and his regular course of religious ob
servances. his mind is illuminated and his spirit
is invigorated so that he can face bravely the
great realities of life, realize his own dignity, and
understand his utter dependence upon God, his
Creator and Redeemer. He recognizes that the
truths thus brought into focus in the holy atmos
phere of Lent are to be his guide and support amid
the cares and temptations that are always with him.
The spiritual journey upon which we entered
at. the beginning of la-mt, accompanying Christ, as
it were, as He went to Jerusalem foi His crucifixion,
is a test of nur loyalty to Hun, if we remain stead
fast and zealous rich graces will be ours. And it is
tn help us persevere that the Church, in the Gospel
nf Sunday's Mass, sets before us the account of the
Transfiguration. Three of the disciples, Peter, James
and John, were taken by the Savior up Mount
Thabor, and there, as they watched, “His face
shone as the sun, and His garments became white
as snow. And behold, there appeared to them Moses
and Elias talking together with Him. And a
bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold a
voice out of the ctoud said, ‘This is My beloved Son,
whom I am well pleased hear Him”’
The disciples selected to witness this glimpse
nf Christ s glory w ere the same three whom later
He was to select to be near Him during His agony
in the garden to strengthen them for the sorrow*
of witnessing His suffering they were now per
mitted to see the proof of His divinity even so we
should be strengthened in our faith and our fervor
by the observance of Lent. "Lord it is good for
us to be here," Peter exclaimed when he saw Christ
transfigured we should feel the same exaltation
at being privileged to draw close to Christ in the
Blessed Sacrament, where His divinity is made mani
fest and where we are strengthened to grasp the
meaning of Gethsemani and Calvary.
And now that Lent is moving into its second
week we should be making such “progress” in
holiness as St. Paul speaks of in Sunday’s Epistle.
'You have learned from us how you ought to walk
io please God,” the Apostle says. “For this is the
will nf God. your sanctification that you abstain
from immorality because the Lord is the aven
ger of al) these things For God has not called
us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness”
Just Among Ourselves
Patting Comment Considered or Inconsiderete
The very first Gospel read at Mass in the sea
son of Lent opens with the words of Our Lord,
“When you fast be not as the hypocrites, sad.”
l^nt is a time of penance, a time of undergoing
hardships, a time of mourning a time of sorrow.
But is not a time of sadness.
To be sad is to be downcast. But the person
whn does penance is energetic and alert in his
work. He is not moody, depressed, gloomy, long of
face. He is not merely indulging in a fit of the
blues. He is striving manfully to countered his
tendency to sin. and to make advance in virtuous
living.
Sadness is a sterile thing. It is a kind of self
pity. It is not the purposeful bearing of the Cross
it is a groaning, a distress, a wish to be rid of the
Cross. Or sadness may be,—as in the case cf the
hypocrite whom Our Ixird condemns.—a kind of
public notice to others that one is hearing up nobly
under crushing burdens it is a bid for attention
it is a cheap* plea for the admiration of the multi
tude Such sadness is always a mere show* it is, as
Our lzrd named it. sheer hypocrisy.
It is very important to draw the clean line of
distinction between sadness and sorrow. In many
points these two things are not only different, but
opposite. For a striking illustration of the con
trast between sadness and sorrow*, consider this:
we find nothing incongruous in the title, “Our
Sorrowful Mother but we lind completely in
congruous, and even a little irreverent, the title,
“Our Sad Mother." For we know that the Queen
nf Sorrows is never merely sad.
Our Ixud, in the Sermon nn the Mount (which
is all that many people whn call themselves
Christians know nf the teachings of Christ) says,
“Blessed are they that mourn” He definitely does
not say, “blessed arc Hiey v.ho are sad." There
is no blessedness promised foi being downhearted,
gloomy, depressed, moody, bitter of spirit, hope
less, dull, self-centered in nursing one’s griefs. All
these things are types of sadness none of them
has the dignity of mourning nr sorrow.
Sadness is the very contradiction of happiness.
It is quite impossible tn think of a sad person as
happy. But sorrow and happiness go hand in
hand A person, for instance, w*ho has been ab
solved from serious sin is happy in the recovery nf
grace yet he does not therefore cease to bp sorry
that he committeed the sins which have now been
taken away. Two devoted friends who have been
reconciled after a grievous qtiairel arc happy, but
they are rlso steadfastly sorry for the unkindness
nr injustice that marked their separation.
The Blessed Mother, standing with the holy
women and St. John beneath the Cross was delug
ed with sorrow,—a greater sorrow than any mere
mortal has ever borne yet it cannot be justly said
that she was unhappy Our Ixrd Hinnself, at the
beginning! of His Piassion, s aid, "My soul is sor
ro w u I. “ven unto dcath." 1But that i human
soul of 'hrist was never fo•r f.n instimt d’prived
of the
happy.
eatific Visit) rendered it p«irfectly
1 -ent, then, is a st»ason !oi* mourninj and
together with sereniity and happiness of srul. It
is neither a dull tirrit, nor i gloomy 1time. It is e
bright time. Nor is it a difficult srason to be
doggedly endured in view 01 easier times ahead.
It is a time of training, of schooling, of k•arning
the ’•ight way to live, so that its spirit and much of
its works, may be carried into the rest of the year,
ft is not a season of hardship to be got through,
somehow it is a season of glad opportunity to be
welcomed and used for lasting profit.
see
The only real unhappiness that can afflict a Chris
tian is the unhappiness of sin. Lent inspires a man
Io get rid of sin immediately. It stirs the Catho
lic to make instant and earnest use of the sacra
ment of Penance for the season ol penance natural
ly centers the thoughts of the faithful upon the
sacrament of the same name. The purpose of every
Lenten practice and devotion is the purpose of
the sacrament of Penance,-—that is, to get souls
free from sin, and to keep them free, and to ad
vance in the growth of Christian virtue.
And certainly this great purpose has nothing
sad or gloomy about it. On the contrary, it is a pur
pose to stir the soul to glad and willing effort. It is
a thing heartening, not depressing it is hopeful,
not despairing it is full of drive and energy, not a
thing listless or dull.
True, we think earnestly in this time upon the
sufferings of Our Lord. We make the sorrowful
Way of the Cross. We contemplate the terrible
mysteries of the Passion. Ve meditate upon Christ
crucified We follow the da’k treason of Judas,
and the disappointing weakness of the other
Apostles who abandoned Christ and "all fled away.”
We consider our own “fallen and traitor lives."
We lament the negligences an the offences which
express our own active part in afflicting and cru
cifying Our Saviour.
Rut in all this sorrow, all this mourning, there
is not an iota of mere sadness Our sorrow is fruit
ful in resolution our lamenting is filled with high
purpose our regret is not an idle emotion, but
rather a powerful and active force for amendment
and atonement. We are not “like the Gentiles who
have no hope," but like loving children who now
realize their deticicncies ind are. in deep sorrow,
dctert.iined that these evil things shall cease to
be. Out of the piofound lenten sorrow is horn the
bright glory of amendment,
In a day when sadness holds the world in thrall
when, despite the triumphs of science, and the
boasts of enlightenment, all mankind is oppressed
with fears, threats, gloomy foreboding, it is im
portant above all else that the children of the Faith
sh uld instruct the world by noble example in the
lessons of Christian sorrow. Ours is the task of
show ing where true peace abides, where true hap
piness is born of showing that there is a Death
which gives Life, and a Sorrow that brings Joy
and Glory.
WERE APPROPRIATING
THE MONEY.COUNTNER in.
Zae's
our
SCHOOL
WASHINGTON LETTER
WASHINGTON Something
more than 15 years ago, His Holi
ness Pope Pius Xll made a last
minute effort to prevent the
outbreak of World War II.
A sentence which the Holy
Father spoke al that time is
better known today than it was
then, and is even truer now than
it was a decade and a half ago.
His Holiness said: “Nothing is
lost with peace all may be lost
with war.”
This observatioi is called strik
ingly tn mind, because the world
is divided into two camps, and
lately each camp has been tell
ing the world about (he destruc
tive power of the weapons it pos
sesses. And each camp has rea
son to believe that the other has
weapons that are equally de
structive.
In Russia, Foreign Minister
Molotov hinted, against the best
available sounding board, that
the Soviets are ahead of the
United States in the production
of hydrogen bombs. Still other
Red leaders have proclaimed
that they have nuclear weapons
in great variety, and that they
can deal devastating blows to an
enemy.
In he United States, authori
ties have expressed doubt that
Russia is ahead of us in the hyd
rogen bomb race: have said we
could defeat Red China in 30
days, and have disclosed that a
hydrogen bomb which we now
LOUIS E. in DE AZ
The secono stage of the “bat
tle" is now with us. precisely as
the Soviet fifth column planned
it for the past five years. The
first was the
battle “against
McCarthy ism
This stage is
registered i n
the great head
lines appear
ing in the cur
rent issues of
the Daily
Worker. Ke­
et" and “tht FBI informer sys
tem.”
lt is all working out just as
the Communists outlined it on
March 23, 1950, in the extraor
dinary sessions of the National
Committee, of the conspiracy.
There and then it was that "the
battle against McCarthyism"
was launched And there and
then this “battle” was to be link
ed up with the attack on the
credibility of Government wit
nesses and through them, on
the Federal Bureau of Investi
gation. The orders were given to
Moscow’s men in this country on
that occasion by Gus Hall, later
fugitive from justice and now in
Federal prison, and by Gil
Green, who has evaded American
justice ny disappearing.
Biiarrt Testimony
Ry scuttling the most vital
probes into the operations of the
conspiracy, by working up the
furor “against McCarthyism,”
the Soviet fifth column set the
stage for turning the whole pro
cedure of Congressional inquir
ies into an assault on those seek
ing to halt the conspiracy. It was
evident that, with the Commun
ists preparing such a program,
they would either plant persons
among the ex-communists tes­
Unwanted Child
AHP
pU?lL$
NOW TA Ar were
1939 Warning Is Timely Today
possess can spread destruction
and death over ar area of 7.000
square miles.
Some observers believe Russifa
may be “sounding off” to divert
attention from internal disturb
ances. They point to the recent
upheaval in the Kremlin regime
to substantiate their position.
In the United States it has been
said that the people are entitled
to know* about the destructive
power of modern w’eapons, that
they may be better able to pro
tect themselves. Of course, the
ominous warnings in one camp
could prompt the other camp to*
speak with the same foreboding.
But there is another explana
tion. It is pietty well agreed
that neither of the two world
camps wants another war, not
now anyway But there has long
heen the danger that—what with
the name-calling, the aggressions
and the grossly provocative acts
that have been committed in re
cent years the nations might
"stumble" into World War III.
It has been feared that, while na
tions have been putting up with
an abuse of diplomatic usages
that would not have been tolerat
ed not too long ago, some rela
tively obscure individual, nr
group of individuals, might do
something that would plunge the
world into conflict. There is rea
son to believe that the fear is
more real today than it has heen
for some time.
Attack on Government Witnesses
tifying for the Government or
seek to subvert a weakling
among such, ex-Communists.
As early as 1952, I had cau
tioned those whom I could that
one Harvey Matusow, an ob
scure witness for the Govern
ment and an alleged ex-Commun
ist, was thoroughly unreliable.
This was made quite clear from
his bizarre testimony before the
McCarran Committee that he
could slip into any Communist
unit meeting without difficulty.
Anyone familiar with the situa
tion knew that the conspiracy
at that time had established
strong "security” precautions,
permitting their members to
meet only in groups of three to
five.
It is this Matusow whom the
Communists now discover and
who states that he lied when
testifying for the Government.
SPENDING THE MONEY,
Count
Heart of the Matter
On February 13, the Daily
Worker could joyfully declare in
its Sunday edition: "The Justice
Department last week was fight
ing frantically with its custo
mary knee-in-the-groin tactics,
to save its already shaky inform
er system. For the system was
clearly in danger of being dis
credited by the revelations of
Harvey Matusow not only
that his testimony has been a
tissue of lies but that the lies
had heen manufactured in col
lusion with the Department's of
ficials."
Nowhere does the Daily
Worker indicate, of course, that
the evidence on which the Com
munist leaders were convicted
was documentary evidence out
of the basic “classics” of the
Communists themselves. That is
the very heart of the matter.
Matusow, who characterizes
lumaelf as “a young punk from
her our.
Shes
not our
k/d!
JPARISH
So, it is argued, the leaders
of the two camps are giving out
w’ith warnings about how de
structive a new war could be.
Trying to head off World" War
If, Pope Pius XII made a radio
plea to those in power and their
people. His talk was entitled
‘The Grave Hour.” He said in
part:
“It is by force of reason, and
not by force of arms, that jus
tice makes progress, and empires
which are net founded on justice,
are not blessed by God. States
manship emancipated from mor
ality betrays those very ones
who would have it so. The danger
is imminent, but there is yet
time. Nothing is lost wit' peace
all may be lost with war. Let
men return to mutual under
standing! l/*t them begin negotia
tions anew, ci nferring with good
will and with respect for recip-t
rocal rights. 'I hen they will find
that to sincere and conscientious
negotiations an honorable solu
tion is never precluded. They
will feel a sense of greatness in
the true sense of the word if, by
silencing the voices of passion—
be it collective or private—and
by leaving Io reason its rightful
rule, they will have spared the
blood of their fellow men and
saMed their countries from ruin.”
Pope Pius XII spoke on Au
gust 4, 1939. Hitler declared war
on Poland on September 1, 1939.
the Bronx.” row has gone so far
as to state for the Daily
Worker that he lied when he
testified that the Communist Par
ty stood foi the overthrow of
our Government by force and
violence. In so stating, Matusow
is exposing his own present
fraudulent character. His testi
mony on that point was not es
sential, since the Communists
admit this charge in effect by
the wide distribution of those
works which declare that the
basic task of the Communists is
the violent overthrow of this
Government.
Cora of Communism
You can go into any one of the
Communist bookstores scattered
through the country and pur
chase, right at this moment, Stal
in’s “Foundations of I/ennmism"
which stated that this period of
history is that in which the dic
tatorship in Soviet Russia is to
be used as “a base" for the over
throw of all non-Soviet govern
ments. You can also read in the
pages of that work, which the
Communists study diligently,
that the Government of the
United States under the consti
tution must be overthrown by
violence.
The Matusow incident would
never have assumed its present
proportions had it not been for
Red success against “McCarthy
ism." Neither would have occur
red had the Governmen* taken a
strong stand against Soviet ag
gression and broken off relations
with Soviet Russia. You can
remedy this present mess by urg
ing Congress and the Depart
ment of Justice to go about their
business by looking into and act
ing against tnc Red enemies of the
United States, and by telling
Washington that any further ac
quiescence in Soviet advance will
prove fatal.
Inquiry Corner
Q. How do we know that mar
riage is a sacrament? Is there
any text in the Bible like that for
Baptism (John 3:5)
A. The Catholic Church teach
es as a matter of Catholic Faith
that matrirpony is one of the
seven sacraments instituted by
Christ (Council of Trent, 24:1).
St. Paul refers to the marriage of
Christians as like that of Christ
and the Church (Ephesians 5.32)
and the first miracle .of Christ’s
life at the w*edding feast of Cana
is often taken a the occasion
of this “newness" imparted to
marriage. St Ahgustine says that
the superiority of marriage
among the Christians consists in
the sanctity of the sacrament.
31. John Chrj’sostom says, “The
heathens estimated the happi
ness cf marriage by the number
of children whereas the Chris
tian considers rather the sanc
tity of the sacrament.”
Q. In the profession of faith
made by converts he states that
he “condemns and reproves all
that the Church has condemned
and reproved.” Does that mean a
condemnation of Protestants and
Jews?
A. The Catholic Church con
demns and reproves cachings
and practices which are contrary
to those of Christ. It does not
condemn any person, even if he
is in error, except a person who
deliberately rejects the moral
teaching or moral precepts of
Christ. St, Paul states the posi
tion of the Church when he says,
"But even if we or an angel
from heaven should preach a
gospel to you other than which
we have preached to you, let
him bp anathema!” (Galatians
1:8) The profession of faith
means that the convert accepts
matters of faith and morals as
taught and applied by the
Church which Christ founded. We
believe that there is only one
true Church, but w*e are toler
ant and pray for those who do
not have the true Church.
Q. Can unboptized babies go to
A. “Unless a man is born
again of water and the Holy
Ghost, he cannot enter into the
kingdom of heaven.” (John 3:5)
No one has any right by nature
to enter heaven. It is a» supernat
ural state and place God opens
to us on certain conditions and
Baptism is a minimum condition.
Baptism of water (the actual re
ception of the Sacrament is the
ordinary way, hut an adult may
MONSIGNOR HIGGINS
Father Healey----------------
be saved through baptism of de
sire or baptism of blood. It is
(commonly taught that such in
fants enjoy natural happiness.
We should remember that God
loves them and simply leave the
mattei in His care, for any feel
ing that there is any injustice
or cruelty involvec certainly con
flicts v ith what w»e know of God,
Q. Is there any possibility that
hell will end sometime?
A. No. Jusl as our final choice
of God as we die in the state of
grace is permanent (eternal) so
the free choice of those who re
ject God is eternal. Describing
the dost Judgment. Christ said,
“Then he will say ,to those on
his left hand, ‘Depart fn.m me,
accursed ones, into the everlast
ing fire which was prepared for
the devil and his angels (Matt
hew 25:41) In other places He
refers to hell as eternal (Mark
9:42 Luker, 16:25-26) and there
are many other references in the
Bible (Isaias 51:24 Daniel 12:2)
2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 Jude
1:6-8. Apocalypse 14:11).
Q. What is the Church's atti
tude toward socialized medi
cine?
Unfinished Business
Reference was made
week's column to the
in last
"unfin­
ished business” of the Bishops’
Program of
Social Re
o n s truction.
It was pointed
out that, while
we have made
^onside a 1 e
progress since
1919 in the
field )f social
legislation, as
well as in the
organization of
abor unions,
we have not
yet effected that “comprehen
sive scheme of reconstruction”
mentioned in passing by the
Bishops—but not elaborated up
on—in their famous pronounce
ment of that year.
This long-range “reconstruc
tion” of the social order—com
monly referred to nowadays, for
lack of a better term, as the
Industry Council Plan is the
major but not the only item of
unfinished business n the agen
da outlined in the Bishops’ Pro
gram. Closely related to it is the
matter of co-ownership of pro
ductive property.
Unlike the so-called Industry
Council plan, the subject of.
co-ownership was dealt with ex
plicitly ny the Bishops in their
1919 statement. The majority of
workers, they said, “must some
how become owners, or at least
in part, of the instruments of
production. They ian be enabled
to reach this stage gradually
through cooperative productive
societies and co-partnership ar
rangements. In the former, the
workers own and manage the in
dustries themselves in the lat
ter they own a substantial part
of the corporate stock and ex
cise a reasonable share in the
management."
"Mere" Wage Earner Still
Of the ele'ven or more specific
planks in the Bishops’ Program
of Social Reconstruction, this
was probably the most redical
(in the best sense of the w*ord)
and the most far-reaching in its
implications for the future of
the American economic system.
The Bishops recognized that, to a
great extent, it would involve the
abolition of the traditional wage
system of modern capitalism.
They hastened to add, however,
that it would not mean the abo
lition of private ownership ‘The
instruments of production,” 'they
pointed out. “would still be own
ed by individuals, not by the
State.”
During the 36 years which
have elapsed since the Bishops’
Program was issued, compara
tively little has been done to ef
fect this far-reaching modifica
tion of the wage system. Co-man
agement has bean extended, in
A. Pope Pius XI in his encyclic
al Quadragesimo Anno (1931)
stated that, socialism “whether
as a doctrine, or as an historical
fact, or as a movement, if it re
mains Socialism, cannot be
brought into harmony with the
dogmas of the Catholic Church
.” He does state, however, in
the same encyclical that, "it may
well come about that ’gradually
these tenets of mitigated Social
ism will nt longer be different,
from the programme of those
who seek to reform human so
ciety according to Christian prin
ciples.” While there is NO CA
THOLIC ATTITUDE on such par
ticular questions it could be ar
gued that such social projects as
socialized medicine, if not at
tached to Socialism as such, do
not conflict with Catholic prin
ciples. Pope Pius XI continues
hv giving an example, saying:
"It is rightly contended that cer
tain forms of property must he
reserved to the State, since they
carry with them a power too
great to be left to private indi
viduals without injury to the
community at large.”
Send questions to Father Ed
ward F. Healey. Inquiry Corner.
The Catholic Times, Rox 636. Co
lumbus (16). Ohio.
a variety of ways, through the
everexpanding process of col
lective bargaining but co-own
ership of productive property
still comes under the heading of
unfinished business.
To be sure, the average work
ingman is better off n many
ways than he was in 1919. But,
as a general rule, he is still a
“mere” wage earner (as the Bish
ops referred to him then) and is
not in any real sense of the word
an owner of the means of pro
duction. He depends almost en
tirely on his daily or weekly
wage—plus a certain amount nf
security in the form of old-age
and unemployment insurance, if
he is fortunate enough to be cov
ered under the Social Security
law.
Hope for Long-Range Program
From 1919 until the present
time, neither industry nor gov
ernment nor the labor move
ment itself has seriously address
ed itself to this problem. All
three, in varying degrees, hava
heen interested in the worker’s
welfare and security. But none
of the three has been particu
larly interested in the matter of
co-ownership in the sense in
which the term is used in the
Bishops’ Program.
It is readily understandable, of
course, why the labor movement
has not addressed itself to this
long-range modification nf the
wage system There have been
too many other things to do in
the short-run. This is true to
some extent even today.
However, now that the AFI
CIO unity seems to be assured,
there is reason to hope that the
short-run objective of the labor
movement will soon be achieved
in substantial measure. A fur
ther hope is that labor will then
have the time and the energy to
formulate a long-range program
of cb-ownership along the lines
suggested, with remarkable fore
sight. more than 36 years ago in
the Bishops Program of Social
Reconstruction.
Incidentally. congratulations
are in order to Seorge Meany
and Walter Reuther and their
associates in the AFL and CIO on
the completion or near-comple
tion of their unity negotiations.
They have acted in a verv states
manlike manner, with the good
of labor and the good of their
country uppermost in their
minds.
The unity terms on which these
leaders have agreed, subject to
ratification by the membership
of both organizations, are thor
oughly realistic in the best sense
of the word and thorou^hlv hon
orable. Upon this solid founda
tion thev can and will—with the
grace of God establish the
strongest and the best labor
movement which the world has
ever known.

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