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For an Increase in Religious Vocations Vd. IV, No. 23 Replacement Named For Expelled Priest U.S. Raps Kremlin Rev. Georges Bissonnette, A.A., only American priest in Mos cow, says Mass in one of the rooms of his apartment, before leaving the city March 5, in compliance with an unexplained compulsion order issued by rhi Soviet Government. Father Bissonnette, a native of Central Falls. R.I., is a member of the Assumptionist Fathers, and has been in Russia since January, 1953, serving Catholics in the diplomatic corps. NEW YORK (NC) Religious superiors of Father George Bissonnette, A.A. expelled from Russia last week, are hopeful that they may soon be able to send another priest to replace him in Moscow. that they have taken steps to send Father Louis F. Dion, A.A.. to Rus sia early this summer as Father Bissonnette’s replacement. Father Bissonnette, who had been ministering to Catholics in the American embassy in Mos cow since January, 1953, arrived Says “God Not Dead in USSR” NEW YORK—(NC)—The Amer ican priest ousted from the Soviet Union said on return here that “God certainly is not dead in Russia Father George Bissonnette on ar arriving at Idlewild airport here said that it was difficult to an swer questions about religion in Russia, because his contacts there were necessarily limited. He said it was hard to judge people’s convictions and emphasiz ed that marxism requires “a God less people.” He decl’red that no warning and no reason for his ouster was given. Asked if he thought it was in re taliation for the departure of Rus sian Orthodox Metropolitan Boris from the United States, Father Bissonnette said it might have been the reason, but he wasn’t sure. Asked if he thought Soviets would allow another American priest to succeed him, he replied that they might but that this rep resented a "hope" rether than a belief. Father Bissonnette said he was never ill-treated by the Soviets and added that he believed his rela tions with Russian officials were favorable as far as he knew. Changes in tactics and rules by the Soviet an attempt quirements Bissonnette “Theoretically all marxists want to eradicate religious faith. But Russia is a great and rich country and the people are making great sacrifices, thinking they are help ing the next generation. If they try to impose severe restrictions the people might react and somewhat sabotage the government’s efforts.” The Assumptionist Fathers here announced this week Government indicated to meet religious re of the people, Father said, adding: in th* United States this week. A* he terminated hi* service in Russia, the popular priest was given a farewell by hundreds of persons at the Vnukova air port, including the ambassador* of the United States, Great Brit ain, France and Canada. There was Immediate specula tion that the ouster of Father Bis sonnette was a retaliation by the Russians for the American refusal to extend the visa of Russian Arch bishop Boris, the representative of the Moscow Orthodox patriarch. The expulsion order coincided with the return to Moscow of Arch bishop Boris. The Orthodox pre late had been sent to the U.S. as Exarch of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Aleutian Islands and North America. The Assumptionist Fathers, who ar* seeking to retain for a successor the apartment Father Bissonnette has occupied in Mos cow, disclosed that application was made in early January to th* Stat* Department for U.S. clear ance for Father Dion to go to Russia. But the processing involved when an American wishes to en ter an Iron Curtain country has not yet been completed. However, the Assumptionist superiors expect the passport to be ready shortly. Application will then be made for a Soviet visa, which Father Dion will seek at the Soviet embassy in Washington. The 40-year-old priest, a native of Worcester, Mass., was chosen by his superiors to go to Moscow be cause of his personality and be (Continued on Page 2) SEATTLE, Wash. —(NC)— The controversial “Right To Work” law's, adopted in 17 states, were criticized severely here by Father Jerome L. Toner, O.S.B., of St. Martin’s College in nearby Olym pia. The nationally-known labor authority called the laws economi cally unsound, socially schizoph renic, legally defenseless and doubly immoral. Father Toner de clared: English Bishop Visits Diocese Th* Most Rev. Cyril C. Cowderoy of Southwark, England (at left) converses with Bishop Ready on his visit to Columbus earlier this week. Th* English prelate, who celebrated Mas* at th* St. Joseph Cathedral Sunday, is bishop of Southwark's St. George Ca thedral, which* was destroyed by Nazi planes In a bombing raid in 1941. He is in this country seeking American aid in reconstruct ing the historic cathedral. Pontiff Sends Aid to Aussie Flood Victims SYDNBY, Australia (NC) Premier Joseph Cahill an notfticed here that His Holi ness Pope Pius XB had sent 5,000 pounds ($11,200) for the relief of sufferers from the most destructive floods in the history of New South Wales. Early official estimates were that 50 persons died in the week-long floods the western and central sections which left 40,000 persons homeless, devastated over 30,000 square miles of rich farmlands, and damaged property to the tune of millions of dollars. Catholic churches and other Ca tholic institutions suffered severe ly when the raging flood waters spread out over five dioceses those of Maitland, Armidale, Lis more, Bathurst and Wilcannia Forbes. Among those who played a key role in aiding th* victims of th* flood were various Catholic wel fare organizations, especially the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. Many Catholic buildings were converted into rescue and relief centers. Catholic appeals for money, food, clothing and emergency accommo darion for the flood victims brought magnificent responses. Many nuns were among the hero ines of the flood. They rescued children from danger, and threw open their buildings to all comers. Convents were converted into res cue centers and radio communica tion stations. Dry convent grounds meanwhile were made available for cattle saved from the floods. The discussion concerning the laws of marriage will be broken down into three phases: the pur pose of the law of God the natural law and marriage and Church law on marriage. The Sunday series of conferenc es will close with Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament in the chap el at St. Ann’s. The group attending the Mar. 20 conferences will meet again Thurs day evening at St. Ann’s for the second session of the program. At this session, some of the med ical, practical and social aspects of marriage will be discussed by a panel made up of two doctors, a married couple and a social work ler. Riglit-to-Work Laws Termed Unsound, Illegal and Immoral “It is necessary that a single employee have full freedom of association, self-organization, and designation of representatives of his own choosing, to negotiate the terms and conditions of his em ployment through concerted acti vities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.” Under the RTW laws, he said, the existence of the union shop has been threatened since it frees management of obliging employees to belong to a union employment. during their that to re of freedom, Father Toner said establish the rights America must go back to the prin ciples in the Declaration of In dependence which emphasizes duties and responsibilities. “Karl Marx said that democracy is based on the recognition of the sovereignty of man,” Father Toner continued, “and is interloclied with the dream of Christianity that man has an immortal soul. Communism has debased both mans sovereign ty and his immortal soul. Capital ism has also debased the immortal soul and sovereignty of the man of worth. This is the destruction of democracy and the beginning of chremacracy or the rule of the riches.” The Benedictine priest, who is dean of industrial relations at the Olympia college, concluded: “Democracy, be it political or industrial, is government under God, of, for, and by the people and not government by an irresponsible minority of non-union, non-stock holding nor non-voting citizens or people.” The CatLolic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, March 11, 1955 Family Holy Hour Set For Churches in Diocese A Family Holy Hour, scheduled in conjunction with the climax of the National Catholic Conference on Family Life in St. Paul, Minn., will be held in all churches in the Columbus Diocese Friday, Mar. 18. The churches in the diocese will join with hundreds of other parishes throughout the na tion in holding the special devo tions. In St. Paul, the service, which will include the renewal of marriage vows and the pledge to Christian marriage, will bring to a close a 3-day meeting of 10 Bish ops and more than 5,000 religious and lay people. Devoted to the general theme “The Family Together,” the con ference will bring together sociolo gists, liturgists. psychologists and psychiatrists, economists and wel fare workers to discuss the whole gamut of social and religious as pects of family life. Special empha sis, however, will be given the problem of the retarded child. The meeting is sponsored by the Family Life Bureau of the Nation al Catholic Welfare Conference with the cooperation of the N.C.W.C. Youth and Lay Organiza tions Departments. The programs will begin and end with religious services in the Cathedral of St. Paul. The concluding Family Holy Hour will be conducted by Aux iliary Bishop James J. Byrne of St. Paul, while Bishop William Classes for Engaged Couples To Begin at St. Ann’s, Mar. 20 Details of the program to be offered by St. Ann’s Family Clinic for the benefit of engaged couples were announced this week. The series of conferences to be presented Sunday after noon, Mar. 20 by Father Thomas Duffy of St. Charles Semin ary, will include talks and discussion on Marriage as a Sacra mental Vocation, The Laws of Mar riage and Virtues Necessary for a Happy Marriage. In the first conference Father Duffy will discuss marriage as a Sacrament and the special graces of the Sacrament which help mar ried people sanctify their children and each other. The second part of this conference will be concerned with marriage as a vocation. Those appearing on the first panel will include Doctors Joseph Forrester and Harold W. Federer Mf. Michael Houlihan, social work director at the Columbus Psychi atric Clinic and a member of St. Cecelia parish and Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Hoye of St. Mary Magda lene parish, youngsters. the parents of five day presentation of will be limited to Each two the program twenty couples. The second pro gram will take place on Sunday, Mar. 27, and Thursday, Mar. 31. Father Duffy will again direct the Sunday conferences. The pan el participating in the Mar. 31st session will include Doctors Frank Donley and Charles Myers Miss Helen McDaniel, a case work super visor with the Catholic Welfare Bureau and Mr. and Mrs. John Crawford of St. Michael parish, the parents of six youngsters. The program will be presented a third time, Sunday, Apr. 17, and Thursday, Apr. 1, if a large enough number wish to attend. Those wish ing to make reservations are ask ed to call St. Ann’s Family Clinic, 1555 Bryden Rd., EV. 9537. ------------o----------------- Bishop Warns U.S. Against Appeasement LOS ANGELES (NC) Recognition of Red China by either the United States or the United Nations would be “ap peasement of the worst kind,” the Most Rev. Charles W. Quinn, C.M., exiled Bishop of Yukiang, China, said here on re turning from Formosa. “The appetite of the communists is insatiable. Thej will keep on pushing until they are stopped,” said the California-born Bishop who was ousted in 1951. “Formosa,” he most dangerous trouble in the world.” from Red China T. Mulloy of Covington (Ky.) will preach. Special sessions on such top ics as “Family and Education,” “Parent and Child,” “The Family Together with God,” and “Family and Community” will be held during the day. Two general eve ning sessions will bring all attend ing the convention together for talks covering a wider range of the family apostolate. Th* first evening progrem in cludes an address by Dr. Ed ward A. Huth, conference presi dent and chairman of the soci ology department at th* Univer sity of Dayton, on "The Signifi cance of th* Family in Human Society." Bishop Peter W. Bartholome of St. Cloud, episcopal moderator of the N.C.W.C. Family Life Bureau, is to present the annual Family Catholic Action Awards at this first general session. The general session the follow ing evening features talks by Na tional Council of Catholic Men president Albert J. Sattler on “Pa ternal Rights” Thomas D. Hinton, executive director of the National Catholic Community Service, on “The G.I. and the Family,” and Bishop Bartholome on “The Fam ily Together with God.” Among those taking part in the program is Mrs. Helen T. Howard of Columbus, national regent of the Daughters of Isabella. She will preside at a daytime session Wednesday. A continuing special session on marriage counseling is to in clude talk* by Dr. Wilfrid M. Gill of Cleveland, Dr. Frank J. Ayd, Jr., Baltimore Father Charles Corcoran, O.P., River Forest, III. Father Henry Soen neker of St. Cloud's diocesan Marriage Counseling Service, and Dr. Philip K. Arzt of St. Paul. .....—------------o..................- the big declared, “is big spot for is He be’ieves a showdown coming there and warns tha* "i can't afford to lose Formosa." 'we The Bishop debunked reports that Formosa is a police state with the populace under rigid supervi sion. “In China under the munists everyone lived in There was none of th^t in mosa,” he said. com fear. For- the People on the mainland. Bishop said, would gladly accept any other form of government but communism. -----------------o----------------- Feast of St. Joseph To Be Commemorated The feast of St. Joseph will commemorated in St. Joseph Ca thedral March 19 with a Pontifical High Mass celebrated by Bishop Ready. The Mass is scheduled at 10 a. m. Poor, Homeless Benefit from Bishops’ Fund the Ameri answer the Confidence that can Catholics will call of the Bishops of the Uni ted States in the Laetare Sun day campaign to assist the world’s homeless, hungry and needy was expressed this week by Monsignor Edward E. Swan strom, executive director of War Relief Services Nation al Catholic Welfare Confrence. The goal is $5 million. The collection will be taken up in all parishes in the Columbus Di ocese on March 20 as well as in some 19,000 parishes in all of the archdioceses and dioceses of the nation. "Th* heart-rending message of the pathetic refugees, fugitives from communist persecution and other homeless and overseas, brought people," said. hungry homeless forcefully before th* has been American Swanstrom Monsignor that Amer- The Monsignor said ican Catholics have taken justi fiable pride in the fact that the world-wide relief organization of the U.S. Archbishops and Bishops has taken its place as the leader among the nation’s voluntary agen cies in carrying out a mission of mercy for the needy. He reminded that th* gener osity of U.S. Catholic* enabled WRS—N.C.W.C. to carry on a program of relief valued at some $43-million in 1954 a program which saw each dollar expended tfrom th* Bishops' Fund multi plied 14 time* as th* result of participation in U.S. govern ment surplus food program* and similar arrangements. The Monsignor pointed out that WRS—N.C.W.C. already has estab lished a program to resettle some 600,000 Vietnam refugees and has set up relief programs for the ref ugees from the islands off the coast of China. The students of the nation’s Catholic schools are called upon to make sacrifices during Lent and to contribute pennies, nickels and dimes to the campaign. The Mon signor recalled that the contribu tions of the youngsters have total ed more than $l-million each year. He said that in some dioces es, the school children’s Lenten do nations have matched dollar-for dollar the contributions made by adults to the Laetare Sunday col lection*. be Pope Pius XII Will Mark 16th YearYaarA$3.00 Of Reign in Solemn Rites Saturday Eisenhower Lauds Pontiff On Birthday VATICAN CITY ’(Radio, NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII, whose unremitting work for world harmony has earned him the title of the “Pope of Peace.” will mark the 16th anni versary of his coronation Satur day. The Pontif*, still under the care of a physician, will attend a special Mass n the Sistine Chapel All the Cardinals residing in Rome, as we(l as members of the Roman Curia and of the papal household will at tend the Mass, to be celebrated by His Eminence Bendetta Cardinal Aloisi .Jasella. Th* Holy Father. born Eu genio Pacelli, jn Rome, March 2. 1876. was elected to the chair of Peter on that seme day in He was crowned Pop* 10 later. 1939. days mes- Congratulatory birthday sages were received here last week from all over the world, including a message from President Eisen hower. The president asserted: "Your championship of th* broth* rhood of men. your dedica tion to peace and good will among men, have won this na tion's respect and admiration. “On your 79th birthday, I am sure I speak for my fellow Amer icans in extending to you our coun try’s best wishes for happiness and health,” the President’s message said. The nation's Chief Executive opened his press conference with a brief statement about the Pope's birthday. The President told newsmen that he is a great admirer of th* Holy Bather, par ticularly for the Pope's unbrok en record of opposition to all forms of communism and fas cism. The President added that he was sure all Americans join ed him in wishing the Pope many happy returns of the day. TORONTO, Ont. (NC) Many Protestants “tinng of the unchartered freedom of churches with practically no dis cipline are glad to put themselves in the hands of an exacting, uncompromising priesthood and an infallible church.” the Rev. A. G. Reynolds, of Elmvale, told the annual meeting of the United Church Board of Evangel ism and Social Service. The United Church is Canada’s largest Protestant denomination and is made up of the former mem bers of the Methodist Church and a section of the Presbyterian Church in Canada. Dr-. Reynolds declared that many person* had been bored and sickened "by the manifold variety of dreary, mushy and locquacious, Protestant worship and bewildered by th* torrent of private opinions and contradic tory platitudes from Protestant pulpits." “Many (Protestants) have turned to a church that promise, them the unchanging miracle of the Mass and the one voice of authority and truth. Many people who crave spir itual security and certainty have turned to a church that claims to be omnipotent through her sacra ments,” he said. Dr. Reynolds said that the Unit ed Church’s official publication. The Observer, had denied a report that Protestantism was slipping in North America. “But a great many ministers who are it. a position to ob serve daily defections from the ranks of Protestantism and who know by experience the spiritual inertia and the alarming illiter acy of Protestants are inclined to push aside statistics and wish ful thinking and face the fact that we are slipping," Dr Rey nolds said. “Roman Catholicism, on the other hand, is enjoying a vogue, at least on this contin ent." Dr. Reynolds had praise for the Catholic practice of celibacy among the priesthood. “It has a great deal to do with the efficiency of the Roman Catholic Church he said. “For sheer efficiency they have the advantage. We are losing too many people to Roman Catholic ism, and secularism.” Shamrock Club Readies Plans for 17th Monsignor Harry S. Connelly, pastor of St. Joseph Cathedral and chaplain of th* Shamrock Club, shows officers of the club a familiar St. Patrick Day prop. The group met to complete plans for the 17th. Pictured, left to right, are Jerry Walsh of St. Aloysius parish, secretary Edward A. Moriarty of St. John the Evangelist parish, president Msgr. Connelly John T. McNerney of St. James perish, treasurer, and Joseph E. Ryan of St. Catharine parish, vice-president. Members of th* club will attend Pontifical Mass at St. Patrick church to be celebrated by Bishop Ready, and will attend e breakfast at the Neil House following the Mas*. It Is Time To Make Your Easter Duty Prica Tan Cants Hi* Hpliness Pope Pius XII will preside at ceremonies to take place at the Vatican tomorrow (Mar. 12) commem orating the 16th anniversary of his coronation. The Pon tiff observed his 79th birthday on Mar. 2. Although some what improved from his recent illness, the Pope is still un der a doctor's care. And on the U.S. Senate floor, Senator Alexander Wiley of Wis consin said: It is my hope end prayer, and I am sure that of men of good will everywhere, representing all the religious faiths of man kind," Senator Wiley said, "that this great leader will en joy many mor* full, healthy years of service to mankind." The Senator said that the Pope’s “long and unfortunate illness” was Catholic Trend in L.S Is Cited by Minister of deep concern not only to the world’s 450-’nillion Catholics, but ‘to all men who have appreciated his noble and tireless efforts in the cause of world peBce. freedom and spiritual dedication.” "Hi* particular effort* in sus taining the hope and faith of the millions of valiant souls of his own and other churches trapped behind the Iron Curtain, have been a particular contribution," Senator Wiley declared. "Hi* his toric appeals for wisdom and judgment on the part of leaders of all nations to avoid th* holo caust of a third world war, have struck a respondent chord in hearts everywhere." In an edition commemorating (Continued on Page 2) Patronal Feast Of St. Patrick To Be Marked A Pontifical Solemn High Mass will be celebrated by Bishop church 9:30 to of the parish. Larney, OP, Prior of St Joseph’s Priory, S o erset, will preach. ?ady in St. Patrick Thursday morning at mark the observance patronal feast of the Father James J. Mc- Members of the Shamrock Club will attend the Mass and will re ceive Communion in a body. Following the Mass, members of the Club will march to the Neil House fo’- their annual breakfast, where Monsignor Harry S. Connel ly. pastor of St. Joseph Cathedral and chaplain of the Shamrock Club will speak. Louis ‘Bud’ Murphy of St. Ca tharine parish w’ill serve as toast master and Irish entertainment will be provided.