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4—THE CATHOLir TIMES
Friday. May 27.1955 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE Send All Changes of Address to P. O. Box 636 Columhus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: ?46 E. Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio kddres* all communications for publication Io O Box 636 Columhus 16. Ohio Telephones: CA. 4-5195 CA. 4-5196 Price of The Catholit Time* i* S3 per rear. AH ■tiheeriotlont should be presented to onr office Wirooeh he ration* of the r*ri«he*. Remittepee* »hnuld be mud* payable to the Ceth Time* Ahonym-Hi* rumiHunH-ition* will he di«rea»rded. We do not hold ourselvee reaponMble for any »iew» w opinion* expreeeed in the communication* of our Torres pondent*. Entered Second Ctaae Metter at Poet Office. CaltHrihu* Ohio. St. Ftaneia de Sale*. Patron of the Cathohe Pre**. Pray for u*! This Paper Printed by Union Labor Feast of Fire flush Of vigor surges through Christendom on Pentecost Sunday brilliant red are the vestments of the priests at lhe altar of God that day as the church commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apontles. Fot it is a feast of lire that is celebrated: “tongues as it were of fire,” the Scrip ture says, appeared and “settled upon each of them a mighty fire of zeal blazed up within them: a fire was kindled upon the earth that day that is to spread its warmth and fervor until the end of time. On that first Pentecost the Church, founded by Christ, received its divine infusion from the Holy Spirit and began its mission of leading men Io salvation. The people gathered in Jerusalem on that first Pentecost, “men from every nation under heaven.” were astounded tn hear the Apostles speaking in words that all could understand, speaking “of the wonderful works nf God even so the message of the Gospel has been carried by the Church to every land and to every nation, and in every language, an that, as the Psalmist had foretold, “the spirit of the Ixird hath filled the whole earth.” Radiant with truth and wisdom is the fire of Pentecost, bringing warmth and comfort, burning away evil, melting indifference, dispelling the dark ness of doubt and error, for it is a fire of love, the divine love that conquers all. Draw close to this fire, the Church admonishes her children, for in it is grace, a stronger faith, a protection against temptation. The fire nf Pentecost brings the gifts of the Holy Spirit—wisdow, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, fear of the Izird—and how the world today suffers because of failure to accept these gifts! Men’s minds are dark, because they will not turn tn this divine light nations re main confuted, because they have shut out this •nurce nf wisdom and understanding weakness and shameful compromise prevail, for lack of the forti tude that is spiritual injustice and evils of all kind* flourish, because they are not stemmed hy de termination to serve God and by fear of offending Him. On that first Pentecost the faithful disciples “were all together in one place." with Mary in their midst and with Peter occupying the post of leadership for which Christ had chosen him we, too, should he united, in the company of Majy and in loyalty to the successor of Peter When the tongues of fire ap peared "they were all filled with the Ho|v Spirit," as we should be and ‘he fervor with which they were inspired sent them out tn win the world to Christ, a mission in which we should he similarly Inspired to dn our part. And ceaselessly we should repeat the great prayer of Pentecost “Come, O Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of Thy faithful, and kindle in them the fire of divine love.” Going Steady Has Many Liabilities We have all heard the trite old phrase repeated ad nauseam about marrying in haste and repenting leisurely. Usually such incidents result from mo mentary blindness, which is another way of saying that certain types or kinds of love induce a tem porary loss of intellectual vision In some instances we can understand the lathers smn concurrence in his daughter's elop ment. The old comedy cartoon of the lather in his nightshirt holding the ladder, while the somewhat futile liothario struggled to carry the girl down the creaking steps, is completely lost on II. modern generation. Rut the point is that the Church does have definite legislation about engagements, and many and valid reasons for the same. The other day a neighbor of Jewish ancestry and religious conviction was discussing I is daugh ter's future with me. 1-et us call him Jack. Jack told me that his daughter had announced to his wife and himself that she was engaged to Solomon. He was a wonderful boy, eve., as she was a comely and deservedly respected young lady. Roth were in col lege. They announced one evening that they would continue at the State university until graduation three years hence, and get married The Dad hlew his cork! To him it was strictly Intolerable and indecent that an engagement should continue beyond a year! When I asked him (with tongue in cheek) why hA should remonstrate so vehemently about the contemplated delay, he asked: “Are you crazy'’ Such a engagement could ruin my daughter socially, physically, and morally." The Church would agree in every step of Jack's analysis of the hazards, hut in the reverse order. Unquestionably there are betrothals that must neces sard. Iasi for years. War has made havoc of many nuptial plans in our day, and economic and other modified disasters have forced intolerable ri*lavs in otherwise imminent tastes of connnubial bliss. Rid the fact remains that the exceptions of tunc and eireumstanc* do but mak» the more obvious the law that demands common sense and tringent moral aafecuavds for prolonged engagements. In the olden days 1he Church demanded that engagements he contracted somewhat in the same manner as marriages The betrothals had to he set tled in the nresencc of the pastor and a couple of witnesses. The date of the marriage was set, and 1 am sure it was not delayed for a seeming eternity. Other pertinent details were also resolved From that time forward the lovely little ilossom of fem inine beauty was not buzzed by anv other kingpin than her betrothed, and neither did the knight in shminc armor squire any other maiden than his beloved Perhaps a reversal to some of the ancient cus toms would delay marriages and atteinnled mar riages of todav until ch a time as knowledge emild confirm the first impression, and not prolong the betrothal until judgment was fogged hv senility. The danger* ran he mitigated, the temptation* lim lied and joys of the future made permanent hv some measure nf sanitv and sanctity. Sanctitv will begot «ani1v hy the simple expedient of dailv prav?r. And if we need ideals, they are to hr found in a thousand facets of the life of the Ples«ed Virgin. Somebody Always Pays No doubt th* popularity of the welfare state arises from the human urge to receive without giv ing. to profit without risk to earn witholt labor, tn arrive finally at a state nf security where the gov ernment provides a guarantee against worry and scant. I But twee again the welfare state breaks down. Its propaganda has resolved around the clever malarkey that everything is “free” in the welfare state. There is nothing free, inside government or out of it. Someone has to foot the bill. And that someone is old. long-suffering John Q. Public. What the bureaucrat puts in one of his pockets he has taken out of the other. There is no such thing as "free” education, “free” medicine or “free” anything else Someone pays. With Big Government, the payment is always accompanied by waste. The Monitor, San Francisco, May 6 list Among Ourselves Passing Comment Considered er Inconsiderate Comes now the magnificent Feast of Pentecost. Pentecost is Greek for fiftieth the Feast comes on the fiftieth day after Easter. It is remarkable that the names of immeasurably great things are often formed from fragments of expression, often merely circumstantial in their meaning. The word Easter is the name of a pagan goddess whose festival gave way to the Christian celebration nf the Resur rection. The name Mass is only part of a l-atin verh which indicates the dismissal of the congre gation after the Sublime Sacrifice. The word Pentecost means only fiftieth. This naming of things by unimportant details of circumstance, is not restricted to matters re ligious. It is a universal human habit. Consider, for instance, our use of the word bus to indicate a pub lic conveyance. The full word is, of juurse, omnibus, which is Isatin, meaning for nil. We make the last three letters serve for the whole word, although those same three letters ar the terminal of thousands of other Isatin nouns, and. taken hy themselves, have no meaning at all. Pentecost is sometimes called Whitsunday, that is, White-Sunday. This name, long fading in popular use. was given because of the white albs of candi dates for ordination and the white garments of per sons to be baptizeo on Pentecost Eve. Here again we have a name framed upon circumstance, and neither the word Pentecost nor the word Whit sunday has any clear suggestion that it means the Feast of the Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles. Pentecost is sometimes called the Birthday of the Church. For the Church. found’d and formed by Our Ixird before His departure info heaven on Ascension Day, first existed somewhat as an unborn child, and was not delivered into manifest being and function until is hurst forth from the room where the Holy Ghost had come with a great wind and tongues of fire, and the Apostles, hitherto sil ent and afraid, proclaimed the truth of our Faith to all th* world. The descent of the Holv Ghost, with the outer manifestation of wind and lire, was not only a great miracle it was also the fulfillment of a repeated prophecy of Christ. When the Holy Ghost comes to us, as He does with each grace received, with each sacrament, and especially in Confirmation, we do not call His coming a miracle, for there is no outer and striking sign then given. Nor does His coming mean the wondrous illumination of mind that it meant to the Apostles, nor does it bring the gift of tongues which enabled all hearers of all nationali ties to understand what the Apostles said. Yet we receive the Holy Ghost as truly as the Apostles received Him, and His coming gives us as cor-plete an equipment for our own lives and vocations as the Apostles received for themselves and their work Of this fact, too, we ought to think on Pentecost Day, and because of it we should stir up in our souls the spirit of appreciation and last ing gratitude to God. And we must pray that what has been so generously bestowed uoon us may be received by the millions who stubbornly close hearts and wills against the entrance nf the Holy Spirit. When one Divine Person of the Blessed Trin ity is said to be sent, that word has a special mean ing. Our Lord said that the Father had sent Him. and that He and the Father would send the Holy Ghost. St. Thomas Aquinas tells us that the sending of a Divine Person is the coming present of that Person in a new way. The Three Persons are One God and God is everywhere. Yet God the Son came present in a new way when He became Man God the Holy Ghost came present in a new way when He manifested Himself by the mighly wind and the tongues of fire. Certainly, we know that the Three Persons (who are One God) are co-equal, and that One is not the superior of Any Other, so as to send that Other as a child or servant is sent upon an (Mirand. We cannot, to be sure, express divine mystery with adequacy in human speech we do our best, and make constant check and reminder to keep our best from being misleading or misled We say that the Son is sent by the Father that the Holy Ghost is sent by the Father and the Son we do not speak of the Father as sent. What an amazing change the coming of the Holy Ghost produced in the Apostles. They had hern timid now they were unafraid. They had kept behind locked doors for fear of the Jews now they stood before the world and proclaimed our Catholic Faith, They had no plan of campaign now they went about the business of winning all men to Christ, and in a hort time they “changed the face of the earth.” Our Ixird had told His Apostles that the Holy Ghost would come upon them, and would bring to their minds all that He had taught them, indeed every word that he had said to them Ry the grace of the Resurrection, and by their ordination, the Apostles knew the truth of the Faith. And still they must have been foggy in mind on many of its details. In the very hour nf Our lord's Ascension, they had asked Him if He were then going to restore the kingdom of God on earth, making Israel a great and cnnquering power: the old notion of an earthly triumph had not hern wholly cleared from their minds. The Apostles knew very well that the people who had crucified Christ would put to death the men chosen to preach His Resurrection and His Church. They knew this before the Holy ost came, and they knew it, with added clarity, after He came to them. But once the Holy Ghost had come, that knowledge made no difference. They went forward to certain martyrdom, rejoicing that they were found worthy to suffer contumely and perse cution in the cause of Jesus Christ. Thus Pentecost Day is really the birthday of the Church. On that day the Church was set before the world, like a city on a hill that cannot be hid. On that day the Faith, like a tidal wave, swept over the earth, despite the fact that everything on earth was bitterly opposed to its spreading. Overnight, the startled w.ir'd was aware of this New Thing that had been but recently a mere local movement and disturbance in and around Jerusalem, and had been presumably topped and destroyed by a public execution on Calvary. On Pentecost Day, the Holy Spirit moved upon the Church, as once it had moved over the waters, and brought to Rirth and Bring the everlasting Kingdom of God among mankind. & p- ■f i WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON The whole world will watch anxiously to see what comes of the visit to Yugoslavia by some of the top communists of Moscow. No one will be more interested than our own officials here. Marshal Tito, the avowed com munist dictator of Yugoslavia, has long plaved the East against the West. After W'orld War II, he broke with Stalin and Yugo slavia was publicly expelled from the Cominform in 1946. But Tito continued to say on every possible occasion that he was a communist, and that he intended to remain one. The United States moved in and began to woo Tito with enor mous gifts of money and other aid. Tito still let it be known that he was a communist, and would offer no assurance that he would side with us in any violent differences with Moscow. Officials here tried to quiet the misgivings of the American peo ple about all this. In the press and on the radio and television, they said it was “O.K.” Sure, they said, Tito is a communist. They knew it. But, knowing it, LOUIS F. RLDENZ World events make more pert inent what this column said some time ago: If Mr. Eisenhower will take a strong stand against So viet psycholog ical warfare, he will be a greater Presi dent than ever he was a Gen era^ The direc tives given the concealed Com munists in the May issue of Political Af fairs reinforces this thought. The chief article, “Peace and the 1956 Elections." is dedicated to the necessity for the comrades to bring pressure for the complete surrender hy Washington to the current Soviet program. the validity of Denouncing the "ecclesiastical foxiness" of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, Political Affairs orders the concealed Reds to maneuver in both the Republican and Democratic par ties “against a Quemoy-Matsu war” and for “Big Power negotia tions” that will lead to the dis arming of West Germany. In-sult Apparent Certain conclusions arise from this important article and from subsequent issues of the Daily Worker which supplement its theme. These are conclusions of value to all of us. For one thing, it is clear that the slight set backs to Soviet strategy, which the article reports, and the exchange in Soviet maneuvering are the result of such firmness as we have recently shown. A central point of attack in Political Affairs is "Eisenhow er's Formosa solution"—that is, the resolution for the defense of Formosa adopted bj Congress at the President’s request. Of this move Political Affairs says: “The Administration and its bi-partisan supporters regard Pentecost—Then, Now 7 Now, What's Tito up to? and knowing that hp promised us nothing in return for our generosity, we knew where we stood, and we knew how to han dle the situation. And now comes the visit of Soviet Russian Premier Nikolai Bulganin, Communist Party Chief Nikita S. Khruschev, Deputy Premier Anastasi Mikoyan and other Red notables to Belgrade. What does it mean? No one here seems to know, as yet. Tito’s Foreign Ministry has sent word to our State Depart ment that it does not mean any change in his resolution to have friendly relations with the West. Why then does he receive the top Reds from Moscow? It does not seem at all likely that the Red rulers of Russia would go to Belgrade to see Tito, unless they hoped to gain something thereby. And they must have pret ty good assurance of success for some worthwhile project, or such high-ranking “brass” would not go, and the visit would not be announced in advance with such confidence. Any betterment of relations between Tito and Moscow must 'Negotiations' Chief Red Aim ed this war provocation as es sential to prevent further deter ioration of American imperial ism’s position in the Far East, to improve Washington’s ‘bar gaining* status' in future negotio tions, and to strengthen the ser iosly weakened Asian flank in the global operations directed to wards eventual world mastery by force." The insult to the United States in this statement is apparent— that a Soviet fifth column can accuse u» of "world domination” aims because of a minimum meas ure of defense in the Pacific. Even columnist Joseph Alsop, who has been devoted to appease ment, writes on May 10 that a continued policy of “retreat and appeasement" in Asia will lose Japan and the whole Pacific. Moral Evident It is quite evident that the “Formosa resolution” slowed down Soviet designs on that is land. It is because of this that the cry which rises higher and higher, “Get out of Quemoy and Matsu,” has been raised by the Reds. It is a big item in the Political Affairs issue, where it is frankly linked up with "the re lated questions” of proposing our betrayal of Formos: and the admission of Red China into the United Nations. As recent as May 11, the plea of the Daily Worker to the comrades to whip up the campaign for giving up the offshore islands is given front-page place. The moral is quite evident. If the United Stales would take a still stronger stand—by break ing off relations with Soviet Rus sio and the satellite regimes there would be an even greater, a permanent, halting of Soviet aggression. Another thing that comes out of all of this is that the Reds count on "Rig Power negotia tions" tn defeat us. The leading editorial in the Daily Worker nf May 11, following up the Po- & mean a corresponding deteriora tion of his relations with us. His worth to this country has been solely that he was “on the outs” with his fellow communists in Moscow. If he makes up with them, and becomes friendly with them his usefulness to us will drop accordingly. Some authorities have suggest ed that Moscow hgs no advance assurance of success. Its top “brass”, they explain may be going down to Belgrade to put pressure on Tito, if they achieve nothing constructive. And the higher the “brass,” they contend, the more the pressure exerted. But, if that theory is the right one, would the rulers of the Kremlin try to exert pressure in such a grand manner, if they didn’t think it would work? In either case, Moscow seems to think it’s going to get some advantage out of the visit. To the extent it does, our very large in vestment in Tito will decline in value. We’ve already got far more cooperation and tangible results from Spain and from far less investment. litical Affairs article, opens up with these words: "President Eisenhower’s agreement re luctant though it was to a top-level Big Four meeting will be greeted by the American peo ple.” By “the American people” the Communists mean, of course, themselves and their friends and the newspapers susceptible to the Communist line. It concludes with the following: “The peace cam? is winning a big victory. Now it must nail it down by in suring the holding of a Big Four conference in the spirit of end ing the entire cold war.” Necessarily, this has to be read with an understanding of the Communist jargon. For a mo ment’s consideration will recall that “the cold war” was begun and stimulated by the Kremlin, and that every negotiation which has led to American surrender has heen brought about in the name of “lasting peace.” Even way back in the days of Yalta, the betrayal of Poland and China was represented as “insuring peace.” But if the United States does enter into "Big Power negotio tions” at what is called “the summit", we can count on fur ther American difficulties. The Communists, as reflected in both Political Affairs and the Daily Worker, are confident that “our allies” will maneuver us at any such conference into surrender ing Quemoy, Matsu. Formosa, and even South Korea eventually. These “allies" are also repre sented as possible Soviet pawns in other areas. The Daily Worker of May 11 cites with approval the reference in several papers, and notably the New York Times, to the fact that the British govbrn e n brought “considerable pressure” on Washington to agree to a meeting of Govern ment heads "at. the summit." Every American, in such a cris is, can do his part tn help the President take a firm position. Inquiry Corner Q. 1 would like to know if there is some place where I can get a booklet of saints' names. We are expecting a baby in August and having a hard time finding a name—especially for a girl. A. Any good collection of lives of the saints (such as the Bene dictine “Book of Saints” or “Lives of the Saints” by Engel bert) would give not only the names but some details as well. A patron saint in Baptism should be chosen for himself as well as for the name itself. We choose the patron saint rather than merely the name of a saint. There are smaller publications which simply list the names such as one called “Is It a Saint’s Name?” Likely you could pur chase or order one of these at the Cathedral Bookstore. Q. Does the Church allow her clergy to run for political of fice? (Mayor, Senator, etc.) May a priest run a business of some kind on the side? A. No. “Without permission of the Holy See, the clerics are not allowed to compete for. or ac cept, the offices of senator or representative in those countries where this is forbidden by the Holy See in other countries they shall not accept these offices without the permission of their own Ordinary as well as of the Ordinary of the places where the election is to take place.” (Can on No. 139) In the United States it is not the custom for priests to seek any public office and the Third Council of Baltimore for bids the priests to enter into po litical affairs directly i.e. they may speak out only on moral and spiritual matters and issues, which may sometimes be indi rectly involved in politics. Canon No. 142 forbids clerics “to en gage either personally or through others in any business or trad ing.” Q. What is servile work? Is is ever allowed on Sunday? A. Servile work is that which is mainly physical or bodily. Farming, mechanical, industrial or business activities are includ ed. Reading, writing, studying, playing music, games, etc., are not considered servile work. Un necessary work is absolutely for bidden and constitutes a mortal sin if deliberate. Servile work is permitted when the honor of God, our own need or that of our neighbor requir es it Household duties, care of the sick, work required for public good (utilities, transporta tion, police, etc.) are permissible because they are necessary. Kfcl. JOH V f. CRONIN, S.S. Monsignor Higgins has as guest columnist this week the Assistant Director, Social Action Dept., N.C.W.C. Fifty-four years ago, Pope Ixo XIII, in discussing social prob lems, noted the opinion that “the social question, as some call it, is merely economic.” The Pope’s reply to this view was sharp and clear: "The precise opposite is the truth. It is first of all moral and religious, and for that reason its solution is to be expected mainly from the moral law and the pronouncements of religion." Even today too many persons treat social questions as if they were merely matters of economic law. Still others may emphasize the moral aspects of these prob lems, but understate the religious and spiritual side of the situation. It is not enough to remind men of their duties, they must also be inspired to want to do what is right. Their hearts must be softened and their wills strengthened, if they are to prac tice justice and charity in the bard .world of business. For this reason we are happy to note that a great leader in Italian Catholic Action is being considered for Beatification. Church authorities are closely studying the life •‘id teaching of Giuseppe Toniolo, in the hope that he may be declared among the ranks of the Blessed. Turbulent Background Giuseppe Toniolo was born in 1845 and died in 1918. His life spanned some of the most turbul ent years of social change. He was a child when Marx and En gels issued the Communist Mani festo. Shortly after his birth a violent series of revolutions swept throughout Europe. As a young man, he read of the ex cesses of the Paris Commune. Against such a turbulent back ground, it is extremely difficult to choose a path of moderation and sanity. When young Toniolo was studying at the University ofiPadua. two violent currents of thought were prevalent in Eu rope. The dominant view was the extreme individualism, so sharp ly condemned by Pope Pius XL Advocates of this view held that business was a law unto itself. Its activity should be curbed neither by moral nor civil law. The result of this attitude was the classic exploitation of labor so well known to student:: of his tory. Millions lived in slums and hovels. Children were chained to the machines in the new textile factories, often beginning their working career at the tender age of six. W’omen likewise were compelled tn work long hours at exhausting toil, to ruin of health and family life. Father Healey----------------- Q- I read some plarc that there is an ancient tradition that St. Joseph was a widower and had children hy htx first wife and that these are the “brethren of the Lord” mentioned in the Gospels. A. It is true that there was such a tradition, butzit was not generally accepted and its origin can be explained. There wore some in the early Church who did not know how to explain the expression “brethren of the Lord” without denying the per petual virginity of Our Lady. They hoped to safeguard the accepted belief in the prepetual Virginity of the Blessed Virgin by ascribing these supposed brothers and sisters of Our Ixird to St. Joseph by a former mar riage. We know now that the word brethren presents no prob lem for there are many instance! of the word being used in He brew and Greek to include cousins and relatives other than members of the immediate fam ily. St. Jerome found the ex pression no problem: we understand as brethren of the Lord not the sons of Joseph hut the cousins of the Savior, chil dren of Mary the Lord's ma ternal aunt who is said tn be the mother of James the Iss and Joseph and Jude, who as we read, were called brethren nf the Lord in another passage. .” Q. What should a Cathohe. graduate do if the baccalaureate service for graduation is held in a nonCatholic church? A. He must remain away from such services. It is unfair that such a situation should occur, for as we are constantly remind ed that we are supposed to have separation of church and state. A school function which is part of the official school program should not be carried out in a sectarian institution. We are all in favor of integrating religion in education, but by that we mean instruction in their own religion, not compulsory attendance at services of some other religion. Catholics work and pray for pub lic school interest in religious in struction by “released time" or any other workable system, but never for subjecting the whole student body to sectarian serv ices. The Fifth Synod of the Dio cese of Columbus (October A. 1952 explicitly prohibited partici pation st i eh baccalauerate service. Send questions io Father Ed ward F. Healey, Inquiry Corner, The Catholic Times. Box 636, Columbus (16) Ohio. Saints, Social Action Ladder te Heaven In reaction to tha conditions, the socialist movement arose and attracted millions of followers. There were many schools of So cialists, but the prevailing view was not too different from mod ern communism materialistic and atheistic. By contrast, the dedicated leaders of the Catholie social movement rejected both extremes. They fought for justice for the worker, but they rejected the socialist solution of the prob lem of exploitation. It was natural that Toniolo sid- ♦d with the moves for Christian social reform. He become a pro found student of the Christian Middle Ages, seeking to find there a pattern which could b« adapted to modern conditions. H« found one central idea: that this w’orld should be considered as a ladder reaching up to heaven. Everything in life must be view ed from the aspect of eternity. Economic life serves its purpose only when it aids man in the pur suit of his eternal salvation. Toniolo was not content to re main in the academic ivory tower. Instead he became a world-re nowned leader of Catholic Action. He worked through the press and through international con gresses to spread the idea of the Christian middle way. He pro moted co-operatives and credit unions to help the farmer. Through his efforts, the work ot social legislation and Christian democracy was advanced in Italy and many other countries of Eu rope. Social Exemplar Although his life was enormous ly active, he was always the man of prayer and intense union with God. His deep spirituality taught him to be gentle in the midst of strife, moderate when others were divided into bitter extremes. He was a loyal son of the Church, working closely with the Hier archy and under its guidance. In these days of turbulent so cial strife throughout the world, it is consoling to consider the pattern of Toniolo’s life. His life and works deserve study here in the United States. We can all learn from him the spirit of gen tleness and moderation which can persuade men to work in har mony and brotherhood. Those of us who deal with social problems may well pray that his faith and reverence may be ours. A monumental study of Ton iolo’s life was published in 1954 by the Giuseppe Toniolo Commit tee, whose headquarters are in Rome. The author. Francesco Vis talli, has rendered a real service tn Catholic .social thinkers throughout the world.