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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Fndav, June 17, 1955 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes ot Address Io P. 0. Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15. Ohio Address all communications for publication to P. O. Box 636 Columbus 16. Ohio Telephones: CA. 4-5195 CA. 4-5196 (lol11111 bus Children he belongs within the love of the Sacred Heart. There the error and repulsiveness of sin come mtn sharp focus there man finds peace nf soul, and inward happiness, that cannot be shaken by worldly circumstances. There he finds outlets for his talents and intelligence in conformity with God's will there he learns to enrich his spirit with the graces that are offered him through Christ's redeeming sac rifice. There he finds consolation and help. Of Flesh and Blood In our contemporary society there exists today an abyss between power and suffering. The power per haps has a statistical knowledge of the suffering but it is not a real knowledge, a knowledge of flesh and blood. right guft thov ABBE PIERRE, May 24 Patting Comment Contidared or Incontidorato In his little book, The Catholic Church and Con version, published about twenty-five years ago, Gilbert K. Chesterton declared that tne so-called Christian world is rapidly dividing into two main camps, the Catholic and the pagan. That is to aay, people who lay any claim to the name of Christian are either actively adhering to the full doctrine of Christ in the Catholic Church, or they Sire gradually abandoning all basic Christian truths without abandoning the claim to Christianity, at least in name. That G.K.C. spoke truly is pretty well evidenced by the quarter-century that has passed since he made the statement. Sectarian people are generally quite, indifferent, if not actually unbelieving, on such points of essential doctrine as original sin, the actual Godhead of Our Ixird, the nature of the Incarnation, the real character of the Atonement and Redemption, the great truth of the Blessed Trinity. Christian faith finds its immediate expression in Christian morals. One can find proof of the decay of belief in the breakdown of Christian conduct, in the severing of the code of morals from religious roots. True, even pagans are bound hy the moral law which used to be CH I called hy Catholics1, 3 ImO!St led generally (and stil 1 is PXC1US1VP1V) the not law. For the natur.al law is the law of iright rea son. "written in our hearts, oijr conscience bearing wit ness,” by the God who jgives us reascin. The Ten Commandments arip revea led in Holy Srripture yet they are manifest also to sound human reason, and thus they are the expression of the natural law as well as the supernatural law. They bind all men, Christian and non-Christian, Greek and Roman, bond and free, Jew and Gentile. For everyone who has a right to call himself a Christian, the Ten Commandments carry supernat ural force Eor our nature is a fallen and. weaken ed nature the natural law has not in itself the en ergizing pow'er to make it effective, or, at any rate, to make it the dominant force i/i the responsible life of sinful man Ethics is largely sterile without religion. Lay morality is rootless it rests on the shifting sands of custom it has only external sanc tions, like the rules of etiquette and politeness. Thr sin UTfl I There was I, There w papers, and in the solemn non udies,”—the problem of delin iw general and not merely ju of the natural law w'hich re even to the law' lestroying what tian concept of in marring ot he sin in the wanton violation of unknown among modern pagans, entions the word sin he is scoffed i have but means bv pointed out, the name pagan name to use of modern non cling to the name of Christian. then might he better. For the ancient ord means villager) was only a man (-woods, unglossed with the class and cannot afford And usually in hi.® belief belief. Our all. They are ilhout under- incerc that it was a false tear beliefs at go betters," w they To call them pagan acting and getting. lidly religious morality, there all for peace in the world, e among nations or peace at men kill not lal citizens. If Thou shalt not lad wound up with for the brotherhood, the 11 this must come n God, and in the pint of the visibly bigoted laws will harm their human brothers (and notably the young) bv bad example, hy the further ing of indecent reading or entertainment, and hy word and work which plainly show that their prac- LOUIS F. HUDENZ regard the thou shalt thou they can never build up ler and social harmony. by the heart it is manifest and halt not kill,” of killing, will nly flirt with sud with men the way the law "Thou shalt not hills run on unconscion into debt for what thev Christian it is anti, forces of tlje great non the which Chesterton spoke in defined groups Unless vigilant comm unity leaders warn Washington more effectively against the current Corflmunist line, we are in for a new and seri ous collapse ot o u inter n a I and exter n a I n a i o nal de fenses. Anyone can learn this to day from the pages of the Daily Wor k e to the pages of the New Times of Moscow. Anyone can see quite clearly th^t recent Red maneu vers, both on the national and international stage, have been for the purpose of following Sta lin’s rules on "the method of retreat” in order to bring about smashing victory for Moscow. Strategy of Retreat The Communist vitriolic criti cisms of the Paris Agreement, rearming West Germany for the defense of Europe, show that the United States did make some headway in moves to protect it self. Red bitterness against "the Formosa resolution” tells the same story. But Moscow turned immediately to "the strategy of retreat” laid down by Stalin in "F o u n a ions of leninism": "The object of this strategy is t° gain time, to demoralize the ene my, and to accumulate forces in order later to assume the of fensive.” The Austrian peace treaty, held up for 12 years by Moscow, suddenly was permitted to be signed by the Kremlin on con dition of Austria's “neutrality.” That this move had as its sole purpose breaking down the Paris Pact is now unfolded to the com rades hy the New Timex of May 21. 'Cooduciva te "The methods and aims of the The Fifth Power Bl£ Do Reds Have New WASHINGTON There is a growing feeling here, throughout the country and abroad that the West is engaged in appeasement of Soviet Russia and Red China. And it is feared that the Reds have brought this about through the use of a new "gimmick” which provides them with an other way of gaining their long time objectives. One local newspaper has said flatly that it is the policy of the U.S. government not to say or do anything in the next few months that might disturb relations with Moscow and Peiping. At the same time, questions are being asked in other coun tries of the West. For example, a paper in Canada inquires "Why are the tyrants of atheistic communism given an aura of honesty, while their criminal tac tics for subversion and their hands bloodstained with count less murders are overlooked?” There has been a noticeable tendency here to see hope in Russian actions, when actually we have no solid reason for doing so. The proposal of Soviet Rus sia regarding disarmament has been applauded, despite the fact that Moscow rejected inspection and other requisites that we hold to be basic. We made much of the Austrian treaty, although the Reds made very harsh economic demands on the Austrians, and still may have something up their sleeves. We have optimistically supported the Big Four talks, while Russia has extracted propa ganda from them and apparently has tried to ruin them in ad vance. In other places it is asked if we are ready to exclude Chiang Kai-shek from talks we may have on Formosa, who is behind the propaganda about making For mosa neutral, why is nothing said any more about restoration of Poland and other captive countries, what is being done to release clergymen held in jails in Red-dominated countries? And in this city, the Adminis tration moved quickly to frus trate any attempts to cut off U.S. aid to communist dictator Tito in Yugoslavia. Some members of Congress were more than appre hensive when Tito entertained and talked with fellow commun ists from-Moscow, with results not yet fully known. But Foreign Operations Administrator Har old E. Stassen went up on the Hill and told a house committee that, not only should we not stop our aid to Tito, but we should not impose any conditions on our help. To do so, he declared, "would not be in the best inter ests of the security of the United States." Ironically, a report from Ma drid arriving in this country on the same day said the air bases and port facilities we are being permitted to build in Spain, for our own use, are expected to be in full operation within four years. We’ve extended far less aid to Franco than we have to Tito, and we’ve got no bases from Tito. He hasn’t even prom ised us anything. Russia tried the patience, and Moscow Cat's-Paw Tito Austrian settlement are the very antithesis of those w'hich under lie the Paris Pacts,” declares the international Red organ. The one insures "an independent and democratic Austria,” w'hile the other results "in the perpetua tion of the division of Germany” and the making of the Gorman Federal Republic into a party to the Western military bloc.” Or so the comrades are told. The Austrian treaty "is con ducive to European peace,” says the New Times the Phris Agreement "creates a new breed ing ground of war.” And that is to be the extensive Red propa ganda not only in West Ger many but in creating “the atmos phere” around the Big Four ne got iat ions. It was in the name of "peace”, that the little Baltic countries wore taken over by the Red Ar my, after a Soviet pledge of their "independence.” It was in the name of "peace” that?Poland and Uhina were betrayed. It is in the name of “peace" that every re cent Soviet advance has been made, Tito Stops into Picturo Into this drama of spreading "neutralism”, as presented by Moscow for American defeat, now steps the “independent" Com munist Tito. The Daily Worker —and I refer to the issue of May 31—plays up Tito's picture in the most flattering manner, re joices at the “mutual understand ing” reached by Khrushchev and him at Belgrade, and lets the comrades know that Tito is to be a cat’s-paw for the Kremlin. Our national leaders should now be able to see what a tragic mistake we made in not break ing off relations with Soviet Rus sia long ago and thereby making all nations decide in which camp ♦hey stood. These national lead ers must also be aware of our folly tn spending millions of dol ‘Gimmick' the new strategy, of the U.S. when it invited Chancellor Kon rad Adenauer of West Germany to visit Soviet Russia. It even timed the invitation to be re ceived as the Chancellor was pre paring to leave for a visit to the United States. President Eisenhower was able to say that he was not a bit wor ried about this Red invitation to Chancellor Adenauer, who has shown a staunch friendship for the United States. But that was a compliment to Chancellor Ade nauer rather than to the Rus sians, or our own dealings with the Reds. An interesting note was struck when an official was reported to have said our Government felt that an invitation from Moscow to Chancellor Adenauer wouldn't have been possible a few’ months ago. The implication was that something has happened since then. To the Russians? What has happened? Moscow h'as engaged in a few acts—not only public but actually well ad vertised—that we have not been able to interpret. They were acts different from what we had come to expect, but on the whole not quite up to par for the rest of the w’orld. But, even with this show of change there was no in dication at all that basic com munist aims had changed. It may be that, leading us to hope, and then making us fear ful to do anything on our part that would disturb that hope, the Russians have found a new and profitable form of aggression. (N.C.C.W. News Service) lars to build up Tito, In order that he may now' be a disease carrier of "neutralism.” It must be remembered that it was J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau )f Investiga tion, who warned Congress in his yearly report that “eternal vigi lance against subversion” is made more necessary “with the world wide rise of ‘neutralism’ and the intensified Soviet propaganda program of ‘peaceful coexist ence.’ This statement aroused the ire of the Communist con spiracy here, and was denounc ed in Political Affairs for Feb ruary. Mott Potent Weapon Just as our internal security system, therefore, has a new strain put upon it, the Commun ists report new successes in their attempts to scuttle that system. When under fire for subversion, the Reds resorted to a "method of retreat”» in appealing to the Fifth Amendment. The example had been set for them by the chief Soviet espionage agent in this country the man who di rected Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss and who was known under many names, including J. Peters and Alexander Stephens. In the Hiss case, when appear ing before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, this Moscow agent pleaded the Fifth Amendment. The rest of the Communists thereafter followed his lead. Now, the Daily Worker of May 29 rejoices at the United States Supreme Court decision which, the Red organ implies, will per mit Communists to plead the Fifth Amendment at random thus shutting off valuable secur ity information from the nation. In the same issue, the assault on Government “informers” is intensified, even to the extent nf assail-ing the "Rosenberg inform- Inquiry Corner Q. Could it be that there are saints in heaven who are greater than the ones we know as canon ized saints? A. Yes. Often wre can see the working of divine Providence in the canonization of certain saints. Devotion to the saints is often a response to the need of the time and the Church ordinarily re sponds to the popular acceptance of somemone extradorinarily holy. There is no plan or precedent in the Church for checking all Catholics who die in "good standing” in the Church the growth of popular devotion is spontaneous and the Church simply investigates the person so honored and loved by the people. It is quite possible that many great saints are un known and forgotten—except in heaven. Q. 1 have heard that Canon Law lists more holydays than we keep in the United States. What are the ones we are excused from? A. We have six holydays of obligation in the United States. They are: Christinas, the Circum cision, the Ascension, the As sumption, All Saints Day and the Immaculate Conception. On these days w are bound to attend Mass and to abstain from unnecessary servile work. There are four oth er holydays of obligation in the universal Church from which we are excused. 'They are: Epiphany, Corpus Christi, Saint Joseph and Saints Peter and Paul. Q. Is there any reference to Pontius Pilate and his life after the death of Christ? A. The historical evidence that exists seems to indicate that he found it difficult to get along with the Jewish people and that he was removed from office in 36 or 37 A.D. He is salt to have put down what he considered a rebellion in Samaria with a great deal of bloodshed and to have been called to Rome for trial. He was banished to Vienne in Gaul where it is said he committed suicide. The Abyssinian and Cop tic churches believe that he be came a Christian and they honor him as a saint. Q. Is there a Saint Maura? A. There are several of that name. One of the outstanding saints of that name was a young virgin and martyr of the early centuries w ho died in Constantin ople. She was so popular in the East that Julian the Apostate desperately tried to discredit her hy saying that her cult was real ly that of the heathen goddess Venus, disguised as a Christian Saint. Her feast day is November 30th. The exact year of her death and the circumstances are un known. Q. Who was St. Joseph Bene dict Cottolengo? St. Benedict Joseph Labre? A. St. Joseph Benedict Cotto lengo has been called the Italian St. Vincent de Paul. He was horn in Piedmont in 1786 and died in Bob Senser Monsignor Higgins has as guest columnist this week the Assist ant Editor of WORK. "Why am I sitting here just reading? Why don’t I move my self and do something? But WHAT can I do?” This was the reaction of a young New Yorker after read ing a newspaper article about the long battle of the "water front priest”, Father John M.Cor ridan. S.J., on the New York docks. The young New Yorker’s questions, expressed in a letter to a newspaper, are typical of those being asked by thousands of people these days. A slum fire cremates a fam ily of five. A famine in India wipes out thousands. A group of strikers and non strikers sw ing baseball bats at each other on a Georgia picket line. What Chris tian can read of such tragedies without wondering: "How can I help make the world the kind of place God intended it to be?” Front Line Not for All The first impulse of some peo ple is to want to rush right out and join Father Corridan on the waterfrdPt. Or else they might yearn to distribute relief pack ages in Viet Nam, or fight with Abbe Pierre in his crusade against slums. A few people must, of course, take on the front-line reform jobs. But this is not for the rest of us, and we needn’t have a guilty conscience about it. It is sheer romanticism for a father of five children to wish he could be a lay missionary to the Mau Maus. And it is sheer foolishness if he feels that, in his own back yard, he has noth ing to contribute to bringing Christ’s peace and love to the world. “Oh. sure,” he might object, "I realize that my wife and 1 can raise our youngsters to be good Catholics, filled with love of God and love of man. But 1 want to do something to see that the world isn’t in quite such a mess when the children grow up.” He's right, of course. But to accomplish this he doesn't have to trot off to Viet Nam or to a picket line in Georgia. He has his work cut out for him—not only in his own home, but alsn in his neighborhood, hit parish. Father IIealey------------------ Turin in 1842. He founded sev eral institutions for Christian so cial action,- with a program of prayer, penance and care of the poor. St. Benedict Joseph might be called the saintly vagabond. He was born of poor parents in Artois, France and spent his life in pilgrimages to the shrines in France, Italy, Switzerland and Germany. In spite of his travels and his public begging he was loved and respected as a saint even during his lifetime he was especially noted for his great love of the Blessed Sacrament. He died in 1783 and his feast day is April 16th. Q. What is the answer to ths charge that we act contrary to the Bible when we use the title “Father” for Catholic priests? A. Examination of the whole passage shows, that Christ was not forbidding the use of the tit I* “Rabbi” or Father” but the abuse of authority and the pride of the Pharisees who sought attention and honor rather than God's will. (Matthew 3:2-10) We use the title of "Father” as direct address because bishops and priests of the Church were sent to baptiz* (thereby giving the supernatural life) and to teach and adminis ter the other Sacraments (noun, ishing that life). The authority to direct souls in the name of Christ is indicated many times in the New Testament and ths title "Father” is practically used in several places (e.g. John 3:5) I Timothy 1:2 I Corinthians 4:15) Q. What was the nanie of the Pope who succeeded St. Peter and in what year? A. St. Linus was the successor of St. Peter. We have this from St. Iraneus and other second and third century Fathers of the Church. It is also indicated in early inscriptions. St. Linus was Roman Pontiff for twelve years (67 to 79 A. D.) and is included in the select list of martyrs in the Canon of the Mass. Tradition has it that he was buried near St. Peter. He is probably (he Linus mentioned by St. Paul (2 Timothy 4:41). Q. What is meant by "spirit ual” communion? A. When we receive the Sacra ment in Holy Communion we re ceive- Christ Himself. His Real Presence. A spiritual communion means an act of prayerful union with Christ at some time during the day or at Communion time of the Mass (when we are not receiving the Sacrament) It con sists of an act of faith, express ing within ourselves our belief in Christ and a heartfelt wish that He would come and dwell within us in a special way. No set form of words need be used. It is an act of love of Chiist in the Bless ed Sacrament. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey, Inquiry Corner, The Catholic Times, Box 636, Co lumbus (16), Ohio. hat Can I Do? his office or factory, in all th* areas of his life. Teamwork Needed In most cases God does not call people to leave their normal en vironment to carry on His work. They can do so just where they are. Why are there so few w'ho do? For at least two reasons. First of all, we often make th* mistake of acting as lone w’olves. One person, with his own wits and his own two hands, can do much*—in a Hollywood movie. But in real life you need a team. So w’hen someone asks "What can I do?” the first part of the answer is simply: join some kind of group. It may be a parish or ganization such as the St. Vin cent de Paul Society or the Chris tian Family Movement, or an extra-parochial one such as th* Catholic Interracial Council or the Association of Catholic Trad* Unionists. In and through such groups, you can multiply your effective, ness, gain personal strength to carry on in moments of discour agement, and learn of dozens of practical ways to help. Expressing Christian Love The second big mistake we fr*. quently make is that we look on ly for “big”, exciting things to do. True., sorpebody has to testi fy on Capitol Hill somebody haw to do battle with gangsters. Rut generally the works of love and peace are much more prosaic, much less apt towmake the head lines. In the concrete, this may mean something simple such as calling up a dozen friends Io attend a community council meeting. Or serving on a com mittee to welcome newcomers into the parish. Or volunteering to be a shop steward—the most thankless job in a union. Or act ing as program chairman for a chamber of commerce meeting. So to the question "What can I do?” I would reply with an other: “W here will you be tomor row?” All too often Catholics are known simply by the fact that they don’t eat meat on Fri days. But every day presents us with opportunities for acts of Catholics. You never know uh the “little things" will lead to.