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A Good Catholic
a Well* Informed Catholic Vol. IV, No. 39 Legislature Heeds, Disregards OCWC Recommendations Ohio's 101st General Assembly will formally adjourn July 13 after compiling a record which both^disregarded and heeded the recommendations of the Ohio Catholic Welfare Conference. The OCWC. guided by the Bishops of the six Ohio dioceses, and representing 2,000.000 citizens, could take heart in the fact that the Legislature passed several im portant bills, including one which provides for an intensified mental health program. At the same time, there were some major setbacks— the most important of which was the Legislature’s failure to enact a law requiring prior censorship of motion pictures. In a move to modernize and enlarge Ohio's mental hospitals, the Assembly authorized an elec tion on a $150-million bond issue, half of which will be used for a building program for mental and correctional instit u i o n s This issue will be voted upon in the November election. In addition, the solons allocated SlO-million which for two years will provide increased salaries for staff members of these institutions, and will provide funds for hiring additional specialists. The “open shop” or “right-to work bill,” which the OCWC had opposed, died in a Senate Commit tee. The bishops had opposed the measure in behalf of the laboring man. because the bill, although aimed at checking the abuses of labor organizations, might also un dermine the collective bargaining principle. Catholics throughout the state eould be heartened by the passage of a bill which gives county com missioners the right to enter into contracts with private hospital cor porations in order to float bond issues for the construction of hos pitals. Another measure, pleasing to all churches, regulates charita ble solicitations in order to prevent possible fraud. The Steam Boiler Bill, which would have cost Catholic schools and churches in the state an esti- British Catholics Warn Red Veto Is Killing UN LONDON —(NC)— An important group of British Ca tholics has warned the London government that the over riding Russian power of veto and the operations of other communist states are slowly killing the United Nations. the present position of the UN drawn up by the Sword of the Spir it, an organization devoted exclu- Church ‘’Free’ In Hungary, Reports Say Expected Renewal of Reds’ Drive Against Catholics Has Not Yet Materialized VIENNA —(NC)— The step ped up campaign of persecu tion against the Church in Hungary that was expected to follow the return to power of Premier Matyas Rakosi has not yet taken place, according to reports reaching here. On the other hand, it is report ed, Hungary's communist rulers have not shown signs of giving up their ultimate goal of de Christianizing the nation. The warning was contained in a memorandum appraising At present the situation of Cath olics in Hungary is the following: Catholic children can still re ceive religious instruction at school, although not for more than one hour a week. At the same time the Reds continue their efforts to in doctrinate children and young peo ple and turn them away from the Church. A small number of Catholic sec ondary schools are still open. There is little interference by the government with the teaching staff or curriculum in the semi naries. While lectures on Marxism Leninism are compulsory, those who give them are free to present the Catholic answer to each point and make use of this freedom. Parish priests, although forced to be very careful of the “political’’ contents of their sermons, rarely have to fear police their rectories. intrusion in Sisters belonging orders are employed as individual lay nurses. A large number of the other nuns is em ployed in special state-organized workshops as embroiderers. to nursing in hospitals Bishops aro virtually cut off from their flock. They can issue no uncensored statements and are closely watched by secret po lice. Their vicars general are ap pointed by the government. It has been reported that even personal letters coming from Bish ops are likely to be forgeries. The mated $13-million annually, went down to defeat. The bill, which never got out of a House commit tee. stipulated churches and tions having a horsepower or have a licensed engineer on duty 24 hours a day. that all schools, charitable institu steam boiler of 30 more in size must Also defeated was a bill which would have prohibited unions from making contributions to political parties or campaigns. The OCWC also had urged an ap pointed state board of education, but the legislature, after debates and revisions, passed a law setting up a 23-member state board elect ed from the congressional districts. The original bill, setting up an autonomous board, independent of every one, and with complete control over parochial schools, was revised before passage. Un der the new law, the board must take into consideration the needs, methods and objectives of pa rochial schools. Other highly-important bills, however, were either defeated or ignored by the General Assembly, leading some veteran political ob servers to term the current legis lature "the worst in manv years.” The defeat of the bill authoriz ing prior censorship of however, was an unusual cause the majority of the ers apparently favored its sively to international affairs and including on its council leading Catholic laymen in the country. Submitted personally to British Foreign Secretary Harold MacMil lan by His Eminence Bernard Car dinal Griffin, the document said that in order to prevent a break down of the UN organization, the charter should at least be revised to put greater insistence on the moral basis of human relationships. At the same time it stated, the improper dominance of the Security Council should be re duced and the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice be made compulsory. The memorandum said while the Russian veto makes large-scale amendments unlikely, the propos als should be considered to pro vide a firmer basis for the work and authority of the UN. Reviewing the first ten years of the United Nations, the memoran dum reported on the credit side a wide field of international activi ties free from the Security Council veto and not “vitally affected by the moral and political cleavage at the heart of the United Nations.” It said that these accomplish ments included smoother techni cal cooperation between nations, welfare and relief work, the op eration of the International La bor Organization, mutual collab oration between Europe, Latin America and the Near East, and serious efforts to give the sanc tion of international law to re spect for human rights and to promote social advancement. “There is, however,” the memo randum stressed, “one dominant feature of the United Nations Uhich has to a large extent trated its original hopes and poses and created a deep and misgiving about its future. “The United Nations has proved powerless, with one exception, to prevent or deter the aggressive de signs of the Soviet Union and its associates, whether in Europe or elsewhere The one exception, made possible by the temporary ab sence of the Soviet Union from the Security Council, was the decision ... to resist by collective action the communist attack upon South Korea.” 4 movies, one be lawmak- passage. After passing the House by a vote of 105-10, the measure was referred to the Senate Education Committee, even though it dealt with the highly legal question of constitutionality of prior restraint. The chairman of this commit tee was San. Charlas Mosher (Continued on Page 2) frus pur- wide Citing the Marshall Plan, the Point Four Program, the Council of Europe and "other real, substan tial measures to prevent war or ad vance the common good,” the mem orandum said that “not one of them owes anything to the United Na tions.” h»■ jNb* I Argentina Revolt Among the major changes freely predicted here, after the announce ment tnat President Peron’s 16 man Cabinet had resigned follow ing the bloody uprising, was the choice of some one else to replace Minister of Interior Angel Bor lenghi, who had played a key role in the anti-Church campaign. Other Cabinet members whose names, it was said, may not appear in the new Cabinet were those of Raul Apold, secretary of Press and Information, who presumably was responsible for the defamatory at tacks on the Church which had grown in virulence in recent months: Minister of Education Ar mando Mendez San Martin, and Alejandro Bautista Giavarini. Opinion among many here was that the new Cabinet would be composed largely of military men. They felt that a large sec tion of the army has been strong ly opposed to the government's anti-Catholic measures. With the restoration of more nor mal conditions throughout the “S'" srs’x«Ji" S1 Social Semi- genu- Father Munier said, “No ine Catholic can be either a pi ous individualist or a righteous isolationist, because such a per son, whether he intends it or not, is an international anarch ist who has lost fa’th in the fun damental Christian doct i n 11 which underlie international or ganization, namely, the doctrines of the unity of ♦he human race and the brotherhood of man." In his sermon. Father Munier traced the teachings of the Popes that international organization is one-of the prime requisites for world peace, and pointed out that the present Holy Father has ac cepted the UN as a partial recog nition of an international commun ity. Father Munier went on to say: “Besides co-existence in truth, Catholic teaching insists that the corporal works of mercy are indis pensable to unity and peace in the world community. The Holy Father says that the relief of tensions caused by hunger, sickness and poverty must be the immediate aim of the Christian will to peace.” "It might be well for »ome peo ple to wake up to the fact that communism is not the only ob struction between mankind and a secure peace. If all the commun ists of every race were miracu lously converted or eliminated during this coming week, the world revolution for liberation from misery would not stop. The hungry, sick and desperate mil lions of the world would still dis turb our peace and with every right." Father Munier suggested five re Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, July 1, 1955 St. Augustine Church Is Dedicated Bishop Ready blessed the new St. Augustine church Sunday and presided at the first Mass to be offered in it by Father Earl Holtzapfel, pastor. Ground was broken for the church in May, 1954, and the cornerstone was blessed by Bishop Ready last Oct ober. Previously, Masses had been offered in the temporary church hall in the parish school building. Pictured with the Bishop above are many of the diocesan clergy who at tended the rites. Father Holtzapfel is pictured at the Bishop's right. Plans for the church were drawn by Louis Karlberger, Columbus architect, and construction was under the supervision of Leo Ruisinger, Inc., Columbus contractors. See Reversal of Anti-Church Policy as New Cabinet Forms BUENOS AIRES —(NC)— Catholics here are awaiting with particular interest the announcement of the new cabinet to be named by President Juan D. Peron in the uake of recent revolt, perhaps the fiercest in Argentina’s history. The question seems to be whether or not the formation of the new Cabinet will mark a radical reversal of the anti-Church policy which the Peron regime has been carrying out with increasing bitterness since last November. country, there seemed to be wide spread conviction that even though the anti-Peron revolt had collapsed, it had been at least successful in serving as a sharp warning to the Peron regime that he was tread ing on dangerous ground in setting himself in opposition to the Church to which the great majority of the people belong. Peace Overtures Soon There ha\e already been some indications that the government is making peace overtures toward the Church. The first step was re ported to have been an invitation to Archbishop Mario Zarun, Papal Nuncio to Argentina, to confer with Foreign Minister Jeronimo Remor ino at the latter’s private residence here. In the meantime, the peronist press called a halt to its attacks on the Church and it was announc ed that all the priests arrested since November for "disrespect” toward the regime had been set free. One of the most recent actions of the Argentine Congress had been Priest Holds Catholic Teachings Refute ‘U.S. Get Out of UN’ Talk SAN FRANCISCO —(NC)— More than 100 delegates and United Nations Secretariat officials attending Mass at St. Mary's Cathedral on the eve of the tenth anniversary session of the United Nations were told that “the Catholic attitude toward the UN clearly repudiates the resurgent isolationist attacks which are now shouting and the UN out of the USA.’ The sermon at the Solemn Mass commemorating the signing of the UN Charter here ten years ago was preached by Father Joseph D. Mu nier, professor of Catholic Principles at St. Patrick’s nary, Menlo Park, Cal. ‘Get the USA out of the UN, visions in the present UN Charter in order “to banish from its insti tutions and statutes obvious weak nesses and deficiencies.” He declared the revised Charter must: 1) Promote recognition of God and the moral law 2) Promote dis armament: 3) Strengthen the World Court with compulsory jurisdic tion: 4) Strengthen the General As sembly with real legislative power 5) Eliminate the veto power in present form. ---------o------------------- Mr. McCaffrey spoke at a testi monial civic dinner given by the Milwaukee Association of Com merce in honor of Marquette Uni versity’s 75th anniversary celebra tion. “Admirable as the tax-supported universities may be, it is absolate ly essential that a vigorous and flourishing system of independent colleges and universities be main tained,” he said. Private schools must have the help of industry if they are to meet the rising costs of educa tion, Mr. McCaffrey added. Tui tion increases, averaging 78 per cent since 1940, have not provid ed sufficient income, and stu dents have been diverted to tax supported schools through eco nomic necessity. holic Times to authorize the calling of a con stitutional assembly to decide for or against abolishing the special recognitions enjoyed by the Church under the present constitution. Almost simultaneously with the resignation of the Peron Cabinet His Eminence Luis Santiago Car dinal Copello. Archbishop of Bue nos Aires, issued a statement ex pressing “great sorrow” over those who had died during the revolt and also deploring the attacks made on the churches. Casualties Heavy The Army Ministry announced that the army suffered 95 casual ties—17 killed and 78 wounded when the rebels bombed the Gov ernment House, the Army Ministry and the Army Barracks here. Oth er authorities reported 174 uniden tified dead, but unofficial sources placed the number of killed at (Continued on Page 2) India Secular Daily Condemns Peron BOMBAY. India, June 25 (NC) —The Peron government’s per secution of the Church in Argen tina was condemned as an “ex hibition of brute force” by the leading secular paper of India. The Times of India, the paper with the largest circulation fig ure in the country, said that nothing less than a resort to force could be expected from the Peronist dictatorship which relies on bloodshed and violence in dealing with issues involving a challenge to the government. Pope Defends Labor’s Rijdit To Organize VATICAN CITY (NC) Catholic social teaching fully supports the right of workers to organize unions to defend their just claims and improve their standard of living. its Executive Urges Industry to Aid Private Schools rec MILWAUKEE—(NC) —"We i ognize the great contributions of the large tax supported universi ties but we do not believe that education is primarily a matter for the state nor that it can be safely left to the state,” John L. McCaff rey. president of International Har vester Company, said here Monday. His Holiness Pope Pius XII told this to 10.000 railroad men at an audience in St. Peter’s Basilica. In his speech the Holy Father hailed the increasing strength of the Italian Catholic labor move ment. He warned against the danger of overemphasizing material life and ignoring the soul. He urged Christian workers to help their misled and non-Chris tian brothers to speak to them “with the strength of your convic tion and example.” Regarding the workers’ right to organize, the Pope said: "No true Christian can find fault if you unite in strong or ganizations to defend your rights —while remaining aware of your duties—and to arrive at the im provement of your living condi tions. “On the contrary, precisely be cause of the harmonious action of all groups in the state is a Chris tian duty, no individual citizen ought to become a victim of an arbitrary act or the tyranny ot others. You are therefore acting in full conformity with the Church’s social teaching when by all means morally permissible you vindicate your just rights.” The project marks the second phase of the Development Pro gram which '-elicited pledge1- and donations in 1954 for the building of two high schools and the or phanage. The Altman-Coady Co. has been named general contractor The plumbing, heating and ventilating contract has been awarded to the Lin bach Co. and the electric work will be installed by the Electric Power Company. In keeping with the occasion, the committee for this year's Or phans' Picnic is making plans to accommodate one of the larg est crowds ever ro attend the an nual event. Present plans call for 25 stands of all description a big ham din ner to be served by the Sisters from 4:00-8:00 p. and many grand prize- will be awarded. Approximately 20 parish diocesan civic and fraternal groups are do nating their services to the success of the festival. contingent'- from Austria is known* to have led to the dismissal of a good many underground commun ist agents in that territory who had been assigned to spying on the Church. But some obviously con tinue their activities, even though less ostentatiously than before. Some of the agents have been assigned to other territories, spe cifically Hungary. At least 200 Aus trian communists are known to have obtained residence permits from the Budapest authorities recent weeks. A good number of them are said to be kept "in re serve”, and their experiences in the Austrian field are expected to be put to good use later on. During the pest few weeks, no less than 50 Catholic priests were arrested in various country par ishes of Hungary. They are be ing kept as "hostages” to induce uncooperative farmers to comply with their production quotas this summer and fall. In the Soviet zone of Germany, the communist “Society for the Propagation of Scientific Knowl edge,” which concentrates on god less propaganda, has announced 80.000 public lectures to spread atheism among the populace. Dur ing the past year, the society or ganized 11,000 public meetings for the same purpose. They are sup posed to have been attended by 640,000 people. Atheistic brochures are being distributed more widely than ever before by the society, which enjoys government backing. At the same time, the few re maining church publications in the Soviet zone, both Catholic and Protestant, continue to be syste matically harassed. “Die Kirche.” a Protestant weekly published here, recently was searched by commun ist police, who meticulously check ed all the files in the editorial and business departments. The management was told that editions of the paper not previously approv ed by the communist censors could no longer be distributed in the Soviet zone. Even the type-setters were warned that they would be come liable to punishment if they accepted copy which ran counter to communist doctrine. Despite all these repressive measures, the overwhelming ma jority of people in the Soviet zone continue to be opposed to the Red rule. One Gertrud Bo bek, of the education depart ment of the communist regime, recently complained of "continu ed enemy propaganda" by teach ers in the public schools. "En emy agents," she claimed, are openly displaying anti-commun ist slogans in school rooms. The culprits, if found, will be dis missed and their school princi pals branded responsible, Miss Bobek warned. Writing in “Der Sonntag,” di ocesan weekly of the Limburg di ocese, Auxiliary Bishop Walter Kampe said that irrespective of doctrinal adjustments that may occur within the communist camp, ‘“communism in all its shades re (Continued on Page 2) Construction of New Orphanage Will Begin Within Next 2 Weeks The annual Orphans’ Picnic, which this year will take place, Monday, July 4, will be held in entirely new surroundings next year. Work on the new St. Vincent’s Orphanage will begin within the next two weeks, it was announced this week by for the new plant. When the new brick and stone building- are completed thev will take on the form of a cross North and south mg« will extend from the two-story central building. The central building will contain administrative offices and an all purpose room on the first floor, the convent and infirmary on the ond floor, and the kitchen, storage and work rooms on basement level. Tha north wing is divided into six units or apartments, each kCo-Existence* Line Has Not Hindered Red Persecution of Church By Father Placid Jordan. O.S B. (Correspondent, N.C.W ,C NEWS SERVICE BERLIN —(NC)— Moscow's new “co-existence” pobev has not relaxed religious persecution in the Soviet satellite countries, according to information trickling from behind the tightly-sealed borders of the Iron Curtain. Austria is a case in point. The withdrawal of Red Army Wednesday Is At Jet Stadium The fifth annual Catholic Camp Night will be held at Jet Stadium. Wednesday, July 6. when the Columbus Jets meet the Rochester Red Wings. Game time is 8:15 p. m. Proceeds from the sale of all tickets will bene fit the diocesan youth program. in A preliminary game starting at 6:00 p. m. will take place be tween the championship St. Agatha elementary club and an all-star team composed of play ers from top teams in other ele mentary leagues. Tickets may be obtained from all Holy Name Society members or they may be purchased at the stadium the night of the game. DOMiNVNOSi & Ask Mary for Help In Choosing Your Vocation Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Louis Karlsberger, Columbus architect, who drew up plans Tha main buildings of tha pres ent orphanage plant were erect ed in 1875 and despite the gen erosity and help of many individ uals who have provided much in the way of supplies and new equipment, the continued use of the plant is a losing against the cost of operation the safety of the children Sisters. battle and and lime- housing 15 children. On the first floor are dining and study areas, living room, kitchen, lavatory end closets, and a sheltered play area. The second floor has five bedrooms with three beds in each room and one large bath. A bedroom for the house mo‘her with a connecting bath to the adjoining unit is also provided. Storage, work and play areas are located on the ground floor. The south wing will have two units or apartments, each housing 16 children, ranging in age from two to six years old. The units will contain living, play, and din ing areas, a kitchen, kindergarten, a room for the house mother, and dressing space for the youngsters. The ground floor will house the central laundry, sewing room, lin en and clothing storage. sec and the Construction of the north wing will proceed first without disturb ing the existing plant. This will provide housing for the children and part of the staff Details of fu ture dismantling and construction have not yet been determined. -----------------o---------------- Boycott of Movie Theaters Showins DALLAS. Tex—(NC)—The shun ning by Catholics of movie theatres which show “Class C”—condemned —films is effective. Bishop Thom as K. Gorman of Dallas-Fort Worth, has declared As a reminder to the people of his diocese. Bishop Gorman asked them to check how faithful they have been keeping track of the National legion of Decency rat ines The number of those which are rated Class C, or condemned, ha- risen of late, he noted “More and more bitter day by dry grows the attack upon any de cent regulation by competent peo ple in the light of Christian prin ciples, the prelate continued. Even the judges in our courts seem to have put on rose tinted spectacles when they view pornography. The collapse of all effective effort to prevent the debauch and brutaliz ing of the viewing public, adult as well as juvenile, by the cinema seems imminent Unless the public becomes arous ed and does something to protest this, the trend will continue. Bish op Gorman continued. But the application of eco nomic pressure on exhibitors and producers “can arouse a measure of self-interested sens* of responsibility even in them," Bishop German declared. Feast of Our Ladv, July 9 ADVN ATONI The Church will celebrate the feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saturday July 9, under a new and distinctive title: Our Lady of Atonement. The unusual title, which signifies Our Lady's part in the redemption and sanctifica* tion of men, is perhaps the only title for the Blessed Virgin which originated outside of the Church. When the Society of the Atonement, whose members belonged to the Angli can Church, was received into the Church in 1909 the com munity was allowed to keep its special name. The painting, reproduced above, hangs in St. Francis Chapel, Graymoor, N. Y., headquarters of the religious community.