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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, July 01, 1955, Image 1

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A Good Catholic
a Well*
Informed Catholic
Vol. IV, No. 39
Legislature Heeds,
Disregards OCWC
Ohio's 101st General Assembly will formally adjourn
July 13 after compiling a record which both^disregarded and
heeded the recommendations of the Ohio Catholic Welfare
The OCWC. guided by the Bishops of the six Ohio dioceses,
and representing 2,000.000 citizens,
could take heart in the fact that
the Legislature passed several im
portant bills, including one which
provides for an intensified mental
health program. At the same time,
there were some major setbacks—
the most important of which was
the Legislature’s failure to enact a
law requiring prior censorship of
motion pictures.
In a move to modernize and
enlarge Ohio's mental hospitals,
the Assembly authorized an elec
tion on a $150-million bond issue,
half of which will be used for a
building program for mental
and correctional instit u i o n s
This issue will be voted upon in
the November election.
In addition, the solons allocated
SlO-million which for two years
will provide increased salaries for
staff members of these institutions,
and will provide funds for hiring
additional specialists.
The “open shop” or “right-to
work bill,” which the OCWC had
opposed, died in a Senate Commit
tee. The bishops had opposed the
measure in behalf of the laboring
man. because the bill, although
aimed at checking the abuses of
labor organizations, might also un
dermine the collective bargaining
Catholics throughout the state
eould be heartened by the passage
of a bill which gives county com
missioners the right to enter into
contracts with private hospital cor
porations in order to float bond
issues for the construction of hos
pitals. Another measure, pleasing
to all churches, regulates charita
ble solicitations in order to prevent
possible fraud.
The Steam Boiler Bill, which
would have cost Catholic schools
and churches in the state an esti-
British Catholics Warn
Red Veto Is Killing UN
LONDON —(NC)— An important group of British Ca
tholics has warned the London government that the over
riding Russian power of veto and the operations of other
communist states are slowly killing the United Nations.
the present position of the UN
drawn up by the Sword of the Spir
it, an organization devoted exclu-
Church ‘’Free’
In Hungary,
Reports Say
Expected Renewal of Reds’
Drive Against Catholics
Has Not Yet Materialized
VIENNA —(NC)— The step
ped up campaign of persecu
tion against the Church in
Hungary that was expected to
follow the return to power of
Premier Matyas Rakosi has
not yet taken place, according
to reports reaching here.
On the other hand, it is report
ed, Hungary's communist rulers
have not shown signs of giving
up their ultimate goal of de
Christianizing the nation.
The warning was contained in a memorandum appraising
At present the situation of Cath
olics in Hungary is the following:
Catholic children can still re
ceive religious instruction at school,
although not for more than one
hour a week. At the same time the
Reds continue their efforts to in
doctrinate children and young peo
ple and turn them away from the
A small number of Catholic sec
ondary schools are still open.
There is little interference by
the government with the teaching
staff or curriculum in the semi
naries. While lectures on Marxism
Leninism are compulsory, those
who give them are free to present
the Catholic answer to each point
and make use of this freedom.
Parish priests, although forced
to be very careful of the “political’’
contents of their sermons, rarely
have to fear police
their rectories.
intrusion in
Sisters belonging
orders are employed
as individual lay nurses. A large
number of the other nuns is em
ployed in special state-organized
workshops as embroiderers.
to nursing
in hospitals
Bishops aro virtually cut off
from their flock. They can issue
no uncensored statements and
are closely watched by secret po
lice. Their vicars general are ap
pointed by the government.
It has been reported that even
personal letters coming from Bish
ops are likely to be forgeries.
mated $13-million annually, went
down to defeat. The bill, which
never got out of a House commit
tee. stipulated
churches and
tions having a
horsepower or
have a licensed engineer on duty
24 hours a day.
that all schools,
charitable institu
steam boiler of 30
more in size must
Also defeated was a bill which
would have prohibited unions from
making contributions to political
parties or campaigns.
The OCWC also had urged an ap
pointed state board of education,
but the legislature, after debates
and revisions, passed a law setting
up a 23-member state board elect
ed from the congressional districts.
The original bill, setting up an
autonomous board, independent
of every one, and with complete
control over parochial schools,
was revised before passage. Un
der the new law, the board must
take into consideration the needs,
methods and objectives of pa
rochial schools.
Other highly-important bills,
however, were either defeated or
ignored by the General Assembly,
leading some veteran political ob
servers to term the current legis
lature "the worst in manv years.”
The defeat of the bill authoriz
ing prior censorship of
however, was an unusual
cause the majority of the
ers apparently favored its
sively to international affairs and
including on its council leading
Catholic laymen in the country.
Submitted personally to British
Foreign Secretary Harold MacMil
lan by His Eminence Bernard Car
dinal Griffin, the document said
that in order to prevent a break
down of the UN organization, the
charter should at least be revised
to put greater insistence on the
moral basis of human relationships.
At the same time it stated,
the improper dominance of the
Security Council should be re
duced and the jurisdiction of the
International Court of Justice be
made compulsory.
The memorandum said while the
Russian veto makes large-scale
amendments unlikely, the propos
als should be considered to pro
vide a firmer basis for the work
and authority of the UN.
Reviewing the first ten years of
the United Nations, the memoran
dum reported on the credit side a
wide field of international activi
ties free from the Security Council
veto and not “vitally affected by
the moral and political cleavage at
the heart of the United Nations.”
It said that these accomplish
ments included smoother techni
cal cooperation between nations,
welfare and relief work, the op
eration of the International La
bor Organization, mutual collab
oration between Europe, Latin
America and the Near East, and
serious efforts to give the sanc
tion of international law to re
spect for human rights and to
promote social advancement.
“There is, however,” the memo
randum stressed, “one dominant
feature of the United Nations
Uhich has to a large extent
trated its original hopes and
poses and created a deep and
misgiving about its future.
“The United Nations has proved
powerless, with one exception, to
prevent or deter the aggressive de
signs of the Soviet Union and its
associates, whether in Europe or
elsewhere The one exception,
made possible by the temporary ab
sence of the Soviet Union from the
Security Council, was the decision
... to resist by collective action
the communist attack upon South
one be
After passing the House by a
vote of 105-10, the measure was
referred to the Senate Education
Committee, even though it dealt
with the highly legal question of
constitutionality of prior restraint.
The chairman of this commit
tee was San. Charlas Mosher
(Continued on
Page 2)
Citing the Marshall Plan, the
Point Four Program, the Council
of Europe and "other real, substan
tial measures to prevent war or ad
vance the common good,” the mem
orandum said that “not one of them
owes anything to the United Na
h»■ jNb* I
Argentina Revolt
Among the major changes freely
predicted here, after the announce
ment tnat President Peron’s 16
man Cabinet had resigned follow
ing the bloody uprising, was the
choice of some one else to replace
Minister of Interior Angel Bor
lenghi, who had played a key role
in the anti-Church campaign.
Other Cabinet members whose
names, it was said, may not appear
in the new Cabinet were those of
Raul Apold, secretary of Press and
Information, who presumably was
responsible for the defamatory at
tacks on the Church which had
grown in virulence in recent
months: Minister of Education Ar
mando Mendez San Martin, and
Alejandro Bautista Giavarini.
Opinion among many here was
that the new Cabinet would be
composed largely of military
men. They felt that a large sec
tion of the army has been strong
ly opposed to the government's
anti-Catholic measures.
With the restoration of more nor
mal conditions throughout the
Father Munier said, “No
ine Catholic can be either a pi
ous individualist or a righteous
isolationist, because such a per
son, whether he intends it or
not, is an international anarch
ist who has lost fa’th in the fun
damental Christian doct i n 11
which underlie international or
ganization, namely, the doctrines
of the unity of ♦he human race
and the brotherhood of man."
In his sermon. Father Munier
traced the teachings of the Popes
that international organization is
one-of the prime requisites for
world peace, and pointed out that
the present Holy Father has ac
cepted the UN as a partial recog
nition of an international commun
Father Munier went on to say:
“Besides co-existence in truth,
Catholic teaching insists that the
corporal works of mercy are indis
pensable to unity and peace in the
world community. The Holy Father
says that the relief of tensions
caused by hunger, sickness and
poverty must be the immediate
aim of the Christian will to peace.”
"It might be well for »ome peo
ple to wake up to the fact that
communism is not the only ob
struction between mankind and a
secure peace. If all the commun
ists of every race were miracu
lously converted or eliminated
during this coming week, the
world revolution for liberation
from misery would not stop. The
hungry, sick and desperate mil
lions of the world would still dis
turb our peace and with every
Father Munier suggested five re­
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, July 1, 1955
St. Augustine Church Is Dedicated
Bishop Ready blessed the new St. Augustine church Sunday and presided at the
first Mass to be offered in it by Father Earl Holtzapfel, pastor. Ground was broken for
the church in May, 1954, and the cornerstone was blessed by Bishop Ready last Oct
ober. Previously, Masses had been offered in the temporary church hall in the parish
school building. Pictured with the Bishop above are many of the diocesan clergy who at
tended the rites. Father Holtzapfel is pictured at the Bishop's right. Plans for the
church were drawn by Louis Karlberger, Columbus architect, and construction was under
the supervision of Leo Ruisinger, Inc., Columbus contractors.
See Reversal of Anti-Church
Policy as New Cabinet Forms
BUENOS AIRES —(NC)— Catholics here are awaiting with particular interest the
announcement of the new cabinet to be named by President Juan D. Peron in the uake of
recent revolt, perhaps the fiercest in Argentina’s history.
The question seems to be whether or not the formation of the new Cabinet will mark
a radical reversal of the anti-Church policy which the Peron regime has been carrying out
with increasing bitterness since
last November.
country, there seemed to be wide
spread conviction that even though
the anti-Peron revolt had collapsed,
it had been at least successful in
serving as a sharp warning to the
Peron regime that he was tread
ing on dangerous ground in setting
himself in opposition to the Church
to which the great majority of the
people belong.
Peace Overtures Soon
There ha\e already been some
indications that the government is
making peace overtures toward
the Church. The first step was re
ported to have been an invitation
to Archbishop Mario Zarun, Papal
Nuncio to Argentina, to confer with
Foreign Minister Jeronimo Remor
ino at the latter’s private residence
In the meantime, the peronist
press called a halt to its attacks
on the Church and it was announc
ed that all the priests arrested
since November for "disrespect”
toward the regime had been set
One of the most recent actions of
the Argentine Congress had been
Priest Holds Catholic Teachings
Refute ‘U.S. Get Out of UN’ Talk
SAN FRANCISCO —(NC)— More than 100 delegates and
United Nations Secretariat officials attending Mass at St.
Mary's Cathedral on the eve of the tenth anniversary session
of the United Nations were told that “the Catholic attitude
toward the UN clearly repudiates the resurgent isolationist
attacks which are now shouting
and the UN out of the USA.’
The sermon at the Solemn Mass
commemorating the signing of the
UN Charter here ten years ago was
preached by Father Joseph D. Mu
nier, professor of Catholic
Principles at St. Patrick’s
nary, Menlo Park, Cal.
‘Get the USA out of the UN,
visions in the present UN Charter
in order “to banish from its insti
tutions and statutes obvious weak
nesses and deficiencies.”
He declared the revised Charter
1) Promote recognition of God
and the moral law 2) Promote dis
armament: 3) Strengthen the World
Court with compulsory jurisdic
tion: 4) Strengthen the General As
sembly with real legislative power
5) Eliminate the veto power in
present form.
Mr. McCaffrey spoke at a testi
monial civic dinner given by the
Milwaukee Association of Com
merce in honor of Marquette Uni
versity’s 75th anniversary celebra
“Admirable as the tax-supported
universities may be, it is absolate
ly essential that a vigorous and
flourishing system of independent
colleges and universities be main
tained,” he said.
Private schools must have the
help of industry if they are to
meet the rising costs of educa
tion, Mr. McCaffrey added. Tui
tion increases, averaging 78 per
cent since 1940, have not provid
ed sufficient income, and stu
dents have been diverted to tax
supported schools through eco
nomic necessity.
holic Times
to authorize the calling of a con
stitutional assembly to decide for
or against abolishing the special
recognitions enjoyed by the Church
under the present constitution.
Almost simultaneously with the
resignation of the Peron Cabinet
His Eminence Luis Santiago Car
dinal Copello. Archbishop of Bue
nos Aires, issued a statement ex
pressing “great sorrow” over those
who had died during the revolt
and also deploring the attacks made
on the churches.
Casualties Heavy
The Army Ministry announced
that the army suffered 95 casual
ties—17 killed and 78 wounded
when the rebels bombed the Gov
ernment House, the Army Ministry
and the Army Barracks here. Oth
er authorities reported 174 uniden
tified dead, but unofficial sources
placed the number of killed at
(Continued on Page 2)
India Secular Daily
Condemns Peron
BOMBAY. India, June 25 (NC)
—The Peron government’s per
secution of the Church in Argen
tina was condemned as an “ex
hibition of brute force” by the
leading secular paper of India.
The Times of India, the paper
with the largest circulation fig
ure in the country, said that
nothing less than a resort to
force could be expected from
the Peronist dictatorship which
relies on bloodshed and violence
in dealing with issues involving
a challenge to the government.
Pope Defends
Labor’s Rijdit
To Organize
Catholic social teaching fully
supports the right of workers
to organize unions to defend
their just claims and improve
their standard of living.
Executive Urges
Industry to Aid
Private Schools
ognize the great contributions of
the large tax supported universi
ties but we do not believe that
education is primarily a matter for
the state nor that it can be safely
left to the state,” John L. McCaff
rey. president of International Har
vester Company, said here Monday.
His Holiness Pope Pius XII
told this to 10.000 railroad
men at an audience in St.
Peter’s Basilica.
In his speech the Holy Father
hailed the increasing strength of
the Italian Catholic labor move
He warned against the danger of
overemphasizing material life and
ignoring the soul.
He urged Christian workers to
help their misled and non-Chris
tian brothers to speak to them
“with the strength of your convic
tion and example.”
Regarding the workers’ right to
organize, the Pope said:
"No true Christian can find
fault if you unite in strong or
ganizations to defend your rights
—while remaining aware of your
duties—and to arrive at the im
provement of your living condi
“On the contrary, precisely be
cause of the harmonious action of
all groups in the state is a Chris
tian duty, no individual citizen
ought to become a victim of an
arbitrary act or the tyranny ot
others. You are therefore acting in
full conformity with the Church’s
social teaching when by all means
morally permissible you vindicate
your just rights.”
The project marks the second
phase of the Development Pro
gram which '-elicited pledge1- and
donations in 1954 for the building
of two high schools and the or
The Altman-Coady Co. has been
named general contractor The
plumbing, heating and ventilating
contract has been awarded to the
Lin bach Co. and the electric work
will be installed by the Electric
Power Company.
In keeping with the occasion,
the committee for this year's Or
phans' Picnic is making plans
to accommodate one of the larg
est crowds ever ro attend the an
nual event.
Present plans call for 25 stands
of all description a big ham din
ner to be served by the Sisters
from 4:00-8:00 p. and many
grand prize- will be awarded.
Approximately 20 parish diocesan
civic and fraternal groups are do
nating their services to the success
of the festival.
contingent'- from Austria is known*
to have led to the dismissal of a
good many underground commun
ist agents in that territory who had
been assigned to spying on the
Church. But some obviously con
tinue their activities, even though
less ostentatiously than before.
Some of the agents have been
assigned to other territories, spe
cifically Hungary. At least 200 Aus
trian communists are known to
have obtained residence permits
from the Budapest authorities
recent weeks. A good number of
them are said to be kept "in re
serve”, and their experiences in
the Austrian field are expected to
be put to good use later on.
During the pest few weeks, no
less than 50 Catholic priests were
arrested in various country par
ishes of Hungary. They are be
ing kept as "hostages” to induce
uncooperative farmers to comply
with their production quotas this
summer and fall.
In the Soviet zone of Germany,
the communist “Society for the
Propagation of Scientific Knowl
edge,” which concentrates on god
less propaganda, has announced
80.000 public lectures to spread
atheism among the populace. Dur
ing the past year, the society or
ganized 11,000 public meetings for
the same purpose. They are sup
posed to have been attended by
640,000 people. Atheistic brochures
are being distributed more widely
than ever before by the society,
which enjoys government backing.
At the same time, the few re
maining church publications in the
Soviet zone, both Catholic and
Protestant, continue to be syste
matically harassed. “Die Kirche.”
a Protestant weekly published here,
recently was searched by commun
ist police, who meticulously check
ed all the files in the editorial
and business departments. The
management was told that editions
of the paper not previously approv
ed by the communist censors could
no longer be distributed in the
Soviet zone. Even the type-setters
were warned that they would be
come liable to punishment if they
accepted copy which ran counter
to communist doctrine.
Despite all these repressive
measures, the overwhelming ma
jority of people in the Soviet
zone continue to be opposed to
the Red rule. One Gertrud Bo
bek, of the education depart
ment of the communist regime,
recently complained of "continu
ed enemy propaganda" by teach
ers in the public schools. "En
emy agents," she claimed, are
openly displaying anti-commun
ist slogans in school rooms. The
culprits, if found, will be dis
missed and their school princi
pals branded responsible, Miss
Bobek warned.
Writing in “Der Sonntag,” di
ocesan weekly of the Limburg di
ocese, Auxiliary Bishop Walter
Kampe said that irrespective of
doctrinal adjustments that may
occur within the communist camp,
‘“communism in all its shades re
(Continued on Page 2)
Construction of New
Orphanage Will Begin
Within Next 2 Weeks
The annual Orphans’ Picnic, which this year will take place, Monday, July 4, will
be held in entirely new surroundings next year.
Work on the new St. Vincent’s Orphanage will begin within the next two weeks, it
was announced this week by
for the new plant.
When the new brick and
stone building- are completed
thev will take on the form of a
cross North and south mg« will
extend from the two-story central
The central building will contain
administrative offices and an all
purpose room on the first floor, the
convent and infirmary on the
ond floor, and the kitchen,
storage and work rooms on
basement level.
Tha north wing is divided into
six units or apartments, each
kCo-Existence* Line
Has Not Hindered Red
Persecution of Church
By Father Placid Jordan. O.S B.
(Correspondent, N.C.W ,C NEWS SERVICE
BERLIN —(NC)— Moscow's new “co-existence” pobev
has not relaxed religious persecution in the Soviet satellite
countries, according to information trickling from behind the
tightly-sealed borders of the Iron Curtain.
Austria is a case in point. The withdrawal of Red Army
Wednesday Is
At Jet Stadium
The fifth annual Catholic
Camp Night will be held at Jet
Stadium. Wednesday, July 6.
when the Columbus Jets meet
the Rochester Red Wings. Game
time is 8:15 p. m. Proceeds from
the sale of all tickets will bene
fit the diocesan youth program.
A preliminary game starting
at 6:00 p. m. will take place be
tween the championship St.
Agatha elementary club and an
all-star team composed of play
ers from top teams in other ele
mentary leagues.
Tickets may be obtained from
all Holy Name Society members
or they may be purchased at the
stadium the night of the game.
Ask Mary for Help
In Choosing Your
Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year
Louis Karlsberger, Columbus architect, who drew up plans
Tha main buildings of tha pres
ent orphanage plant were erect
ed in 1875 and despite the gen
erosity and help of many individ
uals who have provided much in
the way of supplies and new
equipment, the continued use of
the plant is a losing
against the cost of operation
the safety of the children
housing 15 children. On the first
floor are dining and study areas,
living room, kitchen, lavatory end
closets, and a sheltered play
area. The second floor has five
bedrooms with three beds in
each room and one large bath.
A bedroom for the house mo‘her
with a connecting bath to the
adjoining unit is also provided.
Storage, work and play areas are
located on the ground floor.
The south wing will have two
units or apartments, each housing
16 children, ranging in age from
two to six years old. The units
will contain living, play, and din
ing areas, a kitchen, kindergarten,
a room for the house mother, and
dressing space for the youngsters.
The ground floor will house the
central laundry, sewing room, lin
en and clothing storage.
Construction of the north wing
will proceed first without disturb
ing the existing plant. This will
provide housing for the children
and part of the staff Details of fu
ture dismantling and construction
have not yet been determined.
Boycott of Movie
Theaters Showins
DALLAS. Tex—(NC)—The shun
ning by Catholics of movie theatres
which show “Class C”—condemned
—films is effective. Bishop Thom
as K. Gorman of Dallas-Fort Worth,
has declared
As a reminder to the people of
his diocese. Bishop Gorman asked
them to check how faithful they
have been keeping track of the
National legion of Decency rat
ines The number of those which
are rated Class C, or condemned,
ha- risen of late, he noted
“More and more bitter day by
dry grows the attack upon any de
cent regulation by competent peo
ple in the light of Christian prin
ciples, the prelate continued. Even
the judges in our courts seem to
have put on rose tinted spectacles
when they view pornography. The
collapse of all effective effort to
prevent the debauch and brutaliz
ing of the viewing public, adult as
well as juvenile, by the cinema
seems imminent
Unless the public becomes arous
ed and does something to protest
this, the trend will continue. Bish
op Gorman continued.
But the application of eco
nomic pressure on exhibitors
and producers “can arouse a
measure of self-interested sens*
of responsibility even in them,"
Bishop German declared.
Feast of Our Ladv, July 9
The Church will celebrate the feast of the Blessed
Virgin Mary, Saturday July 9, under a new and distinctive
title: Our Lady of Atonement. The unusual title, which
signifies Our Lady's part in the redemption and sanctifica*
tion of men, is perhaps the only title for the Blessed Virgin
which originated outside of the Church. When the Society
of the Atonement, whose members belonged to the Angli
can Church, was received into the Church in 1909 the com
munity was allowed to keep its special name. The painting,
reproduced above, hangs in St. Francis Chapel, Graymoor,
N. Y., headquarters of the religious community.

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