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A Good Catholic
Is a Well- Informed Catholic Vol. IV, No. 40 Vietminh Reds Hold ‘People’s’ Sessions To Indict Priests Ry Father Patrick O'Connor Society of St. Columban Correspondent. N. C. W. C. News Service SAIGON —(NC)— The communist Vietminh have started a new onslaught on the Church in North Vietnam. In this attack they are going further than ever before in any area near Hanoi. The first phase is a campaign to bully Catholic Vietnam ese into accusing priests of crimes. Any lie, no matter how absurd, will do. "We know nobody will believe it, but say it anyhow," the Viet minh have said. The pattern was shown recently In the Vicariate Apostolic of Hung Hoa, where Catholics were compell ed to spend days in closed meet ings. finding fault with their priests. One meeting was held in a vil lage near SontAy. 20 miles from Hanoi. Bishop Jean Maze, Vicar Apostolic of Hung Hoa, 12 Viet namese priests and seven French priests were ordered to go to this village, at a few hours notice, and stay there for some time. The Bish op was ill but was threatened with penalties if he did not go. They found about 80 Catholics gathered there, with a Red Viet minh propagandist ir. charge. Viet minh soldiers guarded every lane and alley. The Vietminh agent opened the sessions by listing crimes with which the Catholics were to charge the Bishops and priests. They were to accuse them of working for the “American imperialists” and urg ing people to go south. One of Bishop Maze s alleged crimes was a letter in which he warned his priests against the projects nf the 15 “progressive” tpro-Vietminh) priests in the north. “Study groups” were then set up, each comprising about ten lay Catholics and two priests. Each group was shut up in the house of a non-Christian family. Nobody eould leave the house without per mission or talk to another group. All had to follow a strict time table, from the 5 a m. rising until night. Every morning each group had a long session. Evening brought another group meeting or a plenary gathering. The main sub ject throughout was the priests’ “criminal” record. The laymen were to examine it and find offens es against “the people” or the Vietminh government. Nobody was allowed to call a priest “Father” or show any mark of respect. Everybody was “com rade.” Some of the accusers had been held in prison until they agreed to recite the charge dictated by the Vietminh. The majority of Catholics, sometimes an entire Profession, Reception Scheduled at Springs Five young ladies from the Diocese of Columbus were among thirteen who received the Franciscan habit and their names in religion in Investi ture ceremonies, Saturday at the Provincial Motherhouse of the Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity, Stella Ni agara, N.Y. Margaret Mclxiughlin, daughter of'Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Mc Loughlin of Holy Rosary parish, received the name of Sister Mary Ignatius Catherine Gale, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Gale of St. James parish, received the name of Sister Mary Pierre. Marilyn Sue Hopkins, daughter of Mrs. George Hopkins of Holy Spirit parish, received the name of Sister John Marie Maxine Al banese. daughter of Mrs. Filomena Albanese of St. James parish, re ceived the name of Sister Mary Rebecca, and Janet Kinsel, daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Kinsel of St. Rose parish, New' Lexington, re ceived the name of Sister Mary Theresa. Among the clergy present from Columbus were Father John E. Byrne, C.PP.S., pastor of St. James parish Father John Eyerman, pas tor of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Buckeye Lake, O., and Father Hugh Murphy of St. Charles Seminary. T1 village, has refused to make any charge. In Phu-Tho district of the same vicariate all the priests were round ed up for another “conference.” The Vietminh held them 15 days. By these tactics the Vietminh are obviously preparing for “trials” of priests to be followed by expulsion of foreign priests and imprison ment of Vietnamese. The timing will be governed by political con siderations. including the Vietminh reading of the current temper of the weak International Commis sion. Meanwhile, Father O'Connor wrote in another NCWC dispatch that bitter disappointments are the chief results so far from the communist Vietminh's "agree ment" to extend the period of freedom of movement for refu- The extensions are due to end July 20. but they never really be gan, Father O’Connor said. It is true that nearly 2,000 per sons have recently been allowed to cross the 17th parallel, the line of demarcation, from areas just north of the line, according to the Viet nam government. Some additional hundreds are expected on a ship returning after delivering pro Vietminh people to the north But many thousands, believed to have made applications for departure permits before the May 19 deadline, have not arriv ed. Most refugees who came dur ing those last days told of friends who wished to come but had been hindered. Most important of all, relatives arrested or otherwise blocked on their way out since last August have not been allowed to join their families in the south. This forcible breaking up of innumerable families, practiced by the Vietminh since the refu gee movement began, has taken on the proportions of a large scale social atrocity. It is obvi ously being done as a means of pulling families back north as well as of frightening intended refugees. It amounts to a compound vio lation of the Geneva Agreement and of basic human rights. It is (Continued on Page 2) Seven Dominican Sisters from the Columbus diocese, along with 13 from other parts of the country will receive the black veil and make their first vows tomorrow in the Convent Chapel at St. Mary of the Springs. Twelve other Sisters, including three from this diocese, will make their final vows the same day. Bishop Ready will preside at the cere monies. Members of the group from the 5 Diocesan Girls Receive Habits at Stella Columbus diocese receiving the black veil include Sisters Mary Linus Wilxman and Mary Donald Colson, Columbus Sister Clarita Elder, Somerset Sisters Julian Loraditch and Christine Mack, Lan caster Sister Verona Starrett, Zanesville and Sister Madonna Glaub, Newark. The others are Sisters Paschal Baillie, Mary Ferrer Chickory. and Kevin Marie McGuinness, New York Sister Joanne McCabe, Princeton, N.J. Sister James Mc Mahon, New Rochelle, N.Y. Sisters Laurene Valdez and Mary Vera Valdez, Dixon. N.M. Sister Leon ard Burland, New Haven, Conn. Sister Faith Reaney, Pittsburgh, Pa. Sister Joseph Mary Connolly, Forest Hills, N.Y. Sister Alan O’Brien, Ossining, N.Y. Sister An na Mary Sylvester. Steubenville and Sister John Vianney McCul loch, Forest Hills, N.Y. The three Sisters from this dio cese making their final vows are Sister Pieta Mattingly, Zanesville Sister Thoma Swanson, Kent and Sister Marie Granger, Marion. Others making their final pro fession include Sister Giles Brod man. Carey: Sister Julianna D’Ama to, Youngstown Sister Madeleva De Angelis, Steubenville Sister Rosarii Schmeer. Rocnester, N.Y. Sisters Edna Allen and Mary Ber trand Columbell. New Haven, Conn.: Sisters Malachy O’Brien and Cecil Grandpre, Pittsburgh, Pa. and Sister Mary McGuiness, New York. A postulant from the Columbus diocese, Miss Anna Catherine Thie ken, Wheelersburg, received the Dominican habit yesterday in a cer emony at which Father Urban Na gle, O.P., chaplain, presided. Miss Theiken received the religious name ef Sister Frances Anne. «rw •ON *43us io s* Mi II As Bishop Ready celebrated a Pontifical Low Mass of Thanksgiving at St. Francis Hospital last week, an era came to an end. For the Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis, who have oper ated the venerable hospital for 90 years, the Mass was the high light of their final hours of service at the State St. institution. TJhis week and next, they are engaged in the process of moving into the new St. Anthony hospital, which the community also operates At th* Mas* in th* chap*l, Under the new measure—now in the form of a clean bill for con sideration by the full Education and Labor Committee a state would be eligible for an outright grant on a 50-50 dollar-matching basis, with the state’s share deter mined by its total school-age pop ulation. Both the National Council of Catholic Women and the National Council of Catholic Men have al ready indicated misgivings about the type of legislation reported out by the subcommittee. In an NCCW letter sent to every mem ber of the Senate last February, and signed by Mrs. August Desch, NCCW president, the women's fed eration noted that pending school aid legislation “would allocate funds to the states on the basis of their total school-age popula tion.” "This would mean," th* NC CW said, "that non-public school children would be 'counted in' for the purpose of giving federal money to the states but would be 'counted out' by the states when they spent the funds for public schools exclusively." The National Council of Catholic Men, in a later letter sent by Mar tin H. Work, its executive director, to Chairman Lister Hill of the Sen ate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, expressed concern as to whether the pending school aid leg islation would “authorize grants-in aid of federal funds for non-public school construction under substan tially the same conditions as are to be required of public schools.” The measure reported out by th* Kelley subcommittee in th* Hous* makes no provision for aid to non-public schools, and takes no consideration for exist ent or needed private school building. Bishop Announces New Appoinlnienls Father Lawrence Corcoran, as sistant diocesan director of chari ties, has been appointed moderator of the Columbus committee of the National Catholic Community Serv ice, an affiliate of the United Serv ices Organization, it was announc ed this week by Bishop Ready. In other appointments, Father Charles Foelleer, assistant pastor of St. Aloysius parish, has been named chaplain of the Knights of Columbus Santa Maria Council and Father Colby Grimes, assistant pastor of St. Thomas parish, has been named to the board of direc tors of the Columbus Urban League. These duties were formerly the responsibility of Father John Si mon who was recently appointed pastor of Holy Trinity parish, Jackson. Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, July 8, 1955 Mass Signals End of an Era A Pontificial Low Mass in tha chapel of St. Francis Hospital was the highlight of the final days of the E. State St. institution, where the Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis have extended charity to the community for 90 years. Bishop Ready in the picture above is shown giving the last blessing at the Mass of Thanksgiving The chapel will be moved to the St. Francis Nursing School Bishop Ready spoke briefly to th* Sisters, pointing out that al though there may be a note of sadness on th* occasion, it was also a moment which would mark the beginning of increased serv ice to the public as a result of the merger with St. Anthony Hospital. Assisting Bishop Ready at the Mass were Father George Schorr, and Father James Carroll. The chapel in the 107-year-old hospital building will be moved to the fourth floor of St. Francis Nursing Home. Approximately five nuns will continue to live at the Committee Bill Would Provide Aid for Public Schools Only WASHINGTON —(NC)— A House Education and Labor subcommittee has approved a bill which would set $400 million in federal funds to work aiding in school construction each year for four years. The legislation, which provides that the funds, shall ^jised exclusively for public schools, was introduced as a new bill by Subcommittee Chairman Augustine B. Kelley of Pennsylvania after the subcommit tee reached a compromise on the school aid question. It provides for federal govern ment purchase of up to $750-mil lion in school bonds from school districts if the individual district isn’t able to acquire funds at a reasonable interest rate. It also provides U.S. support for bond is sues for existing or newly-created state school building authorities, with the federal government put ting up half of the credit needed to set up the authorities themsel ves. The compromise school aid bill is said to face two major threats on the House floor, if not in the full Education and Labor Commit tee itself. They are amendments providing anti-segregation and fair wage clauses, which Committee Chairman Graham Barden of North Carolina has said would kill any chance of passage. Meanwhile, report on educa tion made by the high powered Commission on Intergovernment al Relations said the inclusion of non-public schools in any pro gram of Federal aid to education "would raise difficult legal ques tions and policy issues." Though noting that 12 per cent of the school children in the Unit atholic Times home and serve there in an ad ministrative capacity. The nurses will be transported to St. Anthony Hospital daily in a bus, purchased specifically for that purpose. St. Francis Hospital lost its identity this week when it was of ficially merged with St. Anthony as a single corporation at a joint meeting of the boards. The corporate name of St. An thony Hospital was adopted in the merger, which took place under the state law providing for consol idations of charitable and benevol ent organizations. w ed States are educated in nonpub lic schools, the Commission made no further reference to such schools and did not indicate what “difficult legal questions” would be raised. The Commission stated that it did not recommend a general pro gram of Federal financial assist ance to elementary and secondary education, “believing the States have the capacity to meet their education requirements.” The Commission recommended th* reduction and elimination of Federal cash grant* for school lunch program* "after a rea sonable period of time." Many children in Catholic schools ar* benefiting from the school lunch program. Asked about that part of the report that said states are able to finance their own education needs, President Dwight Eisen hower replied that he doubted that was true in detail. He said the school shortage is so serious that the government should take def inite and positive leadership, with out relieving the states and local communities of theii responsibil ity. Bishop Will Officially Launch Fund Drive for Newark School The campaign to raise funds for a new central Catholic high school in Newark will be launched Sunday in ceremonies in St. Francis de Sales Church. Bishop Ready will address the campaign workers at the 2 pm. gathering, and bestow his blessing on them. All parishioners of St. Francis and Blessed Sacrament Churches are invited to attend the ceremonies. Afterward, the campaign work ers will start the solicitation of all parishioners and non-parishioners. The memorial phase of th* fund campaign, which is current ly in progress, already has ac counted for $219,330 in subscrip tions. Chairmer wf Jh* Memorial Gifts Division are Philip Young and Arthur Wilson. Matthew Matesich and Anton Mathy are the general chairmen of the drive. In announcing the amount of sub scriptions raised to date, Father Edward McGinty and Father Rich ard Grosser, respective pastors of St. Francis and Blessed Sacrament parishes, expressed confidence that the $400,000 goal would be surpass ed. The new high school, to be built on a 20-acre sffte at W. Church and Twenty-Tljjrd Sts., will accommo date 450 students. The new brick, concrete and •ton* building will include a li brary, medical clinic, administra tive offices, chapel, auditorium, gymnasium, chemistry and phy sics and home economic* and commercial and business depart ments. St. Francis de Sales High School, in operation for more than 30 years, has become too small to han dle the rapidly increasing student enrollment. Czech Reds Force Nuns, Priests to Work for State VIENNA—(NC)—Some 300 nuns have been “recruited” to work in the Skoda Worfis at Pilsen, the big gest of communist Czechoslovakia’s rearmament factories, according to information reaching here. It was learned also that other nuns have been drafted to work in the textile factories in Reichnberg, an important industrial town in the Sudeten German region of Czechoslovakia. Thousands of nuns were driven out when the Prague regime dissolved the convents in 1949. According to the information re ceived, there is such a shortage of workers in Czechoslovakia that even retired priests and monks belong ing to the dissolved religious or ders have been forced to go into coal mines and factories. So fer th* President he* nam ed only four of hi* new minis A section of the procession will depict the historical development of Brazil from the time it became a Portuguese colony until the coun try became politically independent in 1822, remaining a monarchy un til 1889. when the republic was proclaimed Still another part of the parade will recall the designation of Rio de Janeiro by His Holiness Pope Father Riley, Zaleski Pastor, Dies at 54 Father James Lawrence Riley, pastor of St. Sylvester s parish, Zaleski, died Wednes day morning in Mt St. Mary’s Hospital, Nelsonville. The 54 year old priest had been ill for some time. In his 27 years as a priest. Fa ther Riley served four parishes and three missions. His first pastoral assignment, af ter ordination by the late Bishop James J. Hartley on June 2. 1928, was at St. Francis de Sales Church. Newcomerstown. During his five year tenure there, he also was pas tor of St. Theresa's at Wainwright, which was then a mission. One of the highlights of his work at St. Theresa's was the completion of construction of the church. In 1933, he became pastor of St. Ann’s Church in Dresden, and at the same time administered to two missions—Our Lady of Lourdes, Wills Creek, and St. Mary s, Mat tingly Settlement. He continued as pastor of St. Ann's until 1945. w hen he w as nam ed to a similar post at St. Bernard s Church, Corning. He served for eight years at St. Bernard’s, before becoming pastor of St. Sylvester’s. Born in Zanesville, Father Riley attended St Thomas School there, and was graduated in 1917 from St. Nicholas High School. He studied for the priesthood at St. Vincent's College, Latrobe, Pa. (1917-1919), St. Joseph College. Renslaer. Ind. (1919-1922), and Mt. St. Mary of the West Seminary, Norwood (1922-1928) An aunt Zanesville is the only survivor. Bishop Ready will be Celebrant of the Pontifical Funeral Mass at St. Nicholas Church, Zanesville, this morning. The Mass will follow recitation of the Office of the Dead, w hich will start at 10 o'clock. Burial will be in Mt. Olive Cem etery, Zanesville. Peron’s Peace Moves Toward Church Gives Cause for Skepticism BUENOS AIRES, Argentina —(NC)— President Juan D. Peron has still to complete the new Cabinet which is expected to usher in a new era in the history of his relations with the Catholic Church. Whether this will be good or bad, remains to be seen. Conciliatory moves toward the Church have been made by the peronists, but they continue to be* met by Catholic1--- leaders with outright skepticism. These leaders believe that in spite of changes in names and tactics, the regime has preserved the same dangerous ideology which has brought it into conflict with the Church. ters, but two of the appoint ments ar* considered exception ally significant, so far es future Church state reletion* er* con cerned. The four new Cabinet members, all of whom have already been sworn in. are Minister of Interior and Justice Oscar Edmund Nicolas Historical Procession Will Herald Opening of Eucharistic Congress RIO DE JANEIRO —(NC)— An elaborate procession de picting the history of Brazil as a Catholic nation will march through the main streets of Rio de Janeiro on July 17, the day on which the 36th International Eucharistic Congress opens. Heading the procession in honor of the Holy Eucharist will be the brass band of the military police, followed by 150 crew members of the Santa Mana. This is the boat on which His Eminence Emanuel Cardinal Goncalves Cerejeira, Pa triarch of Lisbon, is due to arrive in the capital at the head of more than 400 Portuguese pilgrims. The sailors, wearing the ancient garb of Portuguese manners, will carry banners recalling the discov ery of Brazil in 1500 by Pedro Al vares Cabral Seminarians marching in the pro cession will display symbols recall ing the celebration of the first Mass in Brazil by Fathe» Hennque de Coimbra a Franciscan priest who sailed with Alvares Cabral. Others in the procession will include Brazilian naval, army and air force contingents, and units of the uniformed police carrying the shield of the city of Rio de Janeiro and also a statu* of St. Sebastian, patron of th* capital. Th* official name of th* capital is the City of San Sebas tian of Rio de Janeiro. Pius XII as the seat of the 36th International Eucharistic Congress The procession will end with the triumphal entry of the “First pil grim. Our Lady Aparecida (Appear ed), patroness of*Brazil, who pre sides over and blesses the opening of the 36th International Eucharis tic Congress.” The Mother of God he* been specielly honored under this title since 1717, when some Seo Paolo fishermen discovered smell, dark image of the virgin envel oped in their net while fishing in th* Paraiba River. The statue remained at first in th* home of one of th* fishermen, but it is now preserved in a national shrine which many thousands visit each year. Our Lady Ap peared was proclaimed patron ess of th* country by Pop* Pius XI in July, 1930. It was announced that special privileges and honors will be giv en to foreign delegations from the more than 30 countries to be represented at the week-long Con gress. Each of the groups will be assigned a special church during the period so that the Cardinals or Bishops representing the various countries may offer Masses for their countrymen and preach to them in their own language. One of the most brilliant solem nities of the Congress will be the Pontifical Mass of the Byzantine Rite offered by six prelates in the great plaza. WASHINGTON (NC) The United States has called on Russia to admit an Amer ican Catholic priest to Mos cow to replace Father Georg es Bissonnette. A.A., who was expelled from the Russian ca pital last March. At the same time, the United States has offered to admit a Sovi et clergyman to the United States, “in the interests of reciprocity.” to administer to “the religious needs of Soviet nationals.” Since the expulsion of Father Bissonnette last March, an appli cation for a visa for Father Louis F. Dion. A.A., of Worcester. Mass., to go to Moscow as a replacement for Father Bissonnette has been on file at the Russian Embassy in Washington. Father Bissonnette’s expulsion last March came suddenly. The So viets gave the Assumptionist priest only a few days to leave the coun try. Father Bissonnette had been 2nd Vocation Day To Take Place at Seminary Sunday The second of three summer “Vocation Days” will be held Sun day at St. Charles Seminary for graduates of diocesan high schools. Conducted by members of the seminary faculty, the vocation day is intended to supply information and inspiration for young men who have decided to enter the seminary or who are thinking about a voca tion to the priesthood. There is no formal registration. High school graduates from the entire diocese may attend without previous no tice. The program will begin with a 2pm registration, and will end at 5 p. m. following a conference and Benediction. Ask Mary for Help In Choosing Your Vocation Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Albrieu, Minister of Education Francisco Marcos Anglada, Minis ter of Agriculture Jose Maria Cas tiglioni, and Minister of Transport Alberto J. Iturbe. The first two of these appoint ments are the ones that have a direct bearing on the Church situa tion. With these appointments, the Peron government has parted of ficial contpany with former Minis ter of Interior and Justice Angel Borlenghi. and former Minister of Education Armando Mendez San Martin. Both of these men played dominant roles in an 8 month campaign against the Church which was halted abruptly after the abortive revolt of June 16. An appreciable interval it ex pected to elapse before President Peron has finally completed his new Cabinet. Catholic leader* meanwhile are particularly in terested in who will be named the Minister of Foreign Affairs. This office was filled by Jeroni mo Remorino, to whom the Ar gentine hierarchy vainly protest ed when the first measures of the anti-Church campaign were edopted. Remorino has recently conferred with Archbishop Mario Zanin, Pa pal Nuncio tc Argentina, reputed ly on the possibility of establish ing a Vatican Argentina concordat to regularize Church-state rela tions This seemed to indicate that President Peron would rename Re morino to his old post, but persons in informed circles predicted that a neu man would be appointed in stead. Eleven other appointments have to be made before the new 16-man Cabinet is completed. With the ex ception of the Minister of Labor and Social Welfare, none of these posts has been associated, directly at least, with the anti-Church cam paign The former Labor Minister, Alejandro Bautista Giavarini was responsible for causing nuns to be expelled from administrative posts in Catholic schools. Besides the 16 ministerial posts, the government includes also five Secretaries of the Executive Pow' er including Vice President Alber to Tesaire—said to be a Freemason —who was in charge of political affairs. The other secretaries have control of economic affairs, nation al defense, technical affairs, and (Continued on Page 2) Reds Asked to Admit to Moscow Replacement for Fr. Bissonnette on dutv in Moscow since January, 1953. At the time of the expulsion, the Russians acknowledged that the reason for the action against Father Bissonnette was because the U.S. Government refused to extend a visa for Russian Ortho dox Archbishop Boris, who had been visiting the United States. In the note to Moscow asking the Father Dion admittance of an American priest, the State Department renewed its protest against the expulsion of Fa ther Bissonnette, who administered to the spiritual needs of the U.S. and other western diplomatic colo nies Moscow. The expulsion, the U.S. note con tended, violated a 1933 agreement drawn up between former Presi dent Franklin D. Roosevelt and So viet Foreign Minister Maxim Lit vinov, which pledges the Moscow government to permit clergymen to enter Russia to minister to the spiritual needs of U.S nationals.