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A Good Catholic
Is a Well. Informed Catholic V9I. IV, No. 43 ia Church-State Pact 1 1 1 Demanded by New Party in Argentina BUENOS AIRES (NC) Establishment of a concordat between the Holy See and the Argentine government to assure full official recognition of the Church’s rights has been de manded by a newly-organized political party here. The demand was contained in an eleven-point manifesto drawn up by the Christian Democratic Federal Union. The Union was the third Christian Democratic group to emerge within a week. Earlier statements came from the newly organized Christian Democ a i Party and the Christian Democrat ic Movement. Another demand of the newest Catholic group was for repeal of the laws legalizing divorce a nd prostitution which were passed by the Peron-controlled Congress at the height of the anti-Church cam paign. The party also called for the establishment of voluntary relig ious education in the public schools, the abolition of political courses in the schools, and full freedom of the press, assembly and labor or ganizing. The naw Catholic groups were organized solely by Catholic lay men and have no formal ecclesi astical approval. The Bishops have made It clear they are keep ing aloof from all parties, evon those claiming a Catholic label. They havo Insisted that they are above polities, and will defend the Church’s rights entirely with in the ecclesiastical sphere. Meanwhile, the Radical Party, the chief opposition group, renew ed previous demands for free ac cess to the radio and full authority to hold public meetings. Interior Minister Oscar Albrieu told them, however, that “it would not be auspicious to open this period of pacification” by violating laws ban ning public meetings. He said the Radicals should defer their request until “a more opportune time.” Another development was the announcement that Vice President Drive for Christian Social Order Aim Of Groups at Rio RIO DE JANEIRO—(NC)—Prac tical concerted action toward a Christian social order on the part of all branches of society was urged in resolutions adopted here by the conference of international Catholic Organizations. Four hundred Catholic leaders from virtually all of the Americas and from many European coun tries called for practical study and action on the social question, with wider preaching of the Church’s social doctrines in each country. They said this basic program should aim at: 1. Living conditions suited to the dignity of human beings, 2. A social order favorable to Christian living, and 3. Equal opportunity for each person to fulfill his individual mission. The wt Rear Admiral Alberto Teissaire, said to be a freemason, had re signed as head of the Peronist Par ty. The announcement came after President Peron disclosed that he was stepping down as head of the peronist revolution to become “the President of all Argentines, friends and foes.” The seething unrest that has characterized the political scene in recent weeks was also reflect ed in violent incidents In the capital. In the downtown area, a time bomb was set off in front of a peronist political school. Soon af terwards, radio stations denounced the “waves of rumors” which they said were being circulated in the city about the Peron government. On the following day, a panic was caused when a 22-year-old man was fatally wounded by gunfire as Radical Party supporters paraded through the theater district. Hun dreds fled in terror. In the Church-state relations, the only new development was the an nouncement read at Masses that the Buenos Aires archdiocese itself and not the government would re build the Chancery office and the adjacent residence of His Eminence Santiago Luis Copello which were burned and looted by anti-Catho lic mobs during the revolt. The announcement sold the Church had agreed only under protest to the reconstruction by the government of the Metropol! tan Cathedral and ton other churches which had suffered at the hands of the mobs. The reason for this attitude, the announcement said, was that the Church officials were reluctant to have the government repair the buildings, due to “the circumstanc es under which the sacred pre cincts were destroyed.” Diocese of Columbus Official School Calendar 1955-1956 1955 Wednesday, August 31—Principals and Teachers Meeting. Wednesday, August 31—Community Supervisors and Diocesan Consultants Meeting. Thursday, September 1—Principals and Teachers Meeting. Tuesday, September 6—Elementary Schools Open. Wednesday, September 7—High Schools Open. Wednesday, October 12—Columbus Day (No class). Wednesday, October 12—School Lunch Workshop. Friday, October 21—End of First six-week period (34 days). Wednesday, October 26—Achievement Test (All elementary schools). Week of October 30—“National Catholic Youth Week.” Tuesday, November 1—All Saints Day (No class). Friday, November 11—Armistice Day (No class). Wednesday, November 23—Thanksgiving Vacation (Noon clos ing). Thursday, November 24—Thanksgiving Day (No class). Friday, November 25—Thanksgiving Vacation (No class). Friday, December 2—End of Second six-week period ,(27 days). Thursday, December 8—Immaculate Conception (No class). Thursday, December 22—Christmas Vacation (Noon closing). 1956 Tuesday, January 3—Classes resume. Monday, January 23—Semester Examinations begin—Elementary and High Schools. Friday, January 27—End of First Semester (No class), (32 days). Wednesday, February 22—Washington’s Birthday (No class). Thursday, March 1—High School Registration Survey. Friday, March 9—End of Fourth six-week period (30 days). Sunday, March 11—Elementary Music Festival (Laetare Sunday). Monday, March 12—Holy Father’s Day. Wednesday, March 28—Easter Vacation (Noon closing). Tuesday, April 3—Classes resume. Friday, April 6—High School Registration Day. Friday, April 20—End of Fifth six-week period (27 days). Wednesday, April 25—Achievement Test (All elementary schools). Saturday,—Semi-final Spelling Bee (Date to be announced). Saturday—Spelling Bee Finals (Date to be announced). Week of May 6—First Grade Registration. Thursday, May 10—Ascension Day (No class). Wednesday, May 30—Decoration Day (No class). Monday, June 4—Examination Week. Thursday, June 7—Closing of High Schools. Friday, June 8—Closing of Elementary Schools (34 days). This Calendar calls for 180 days in the High School and Elementary School. This includes legal holidays. Church-State Issue Separation Doctrine Not Rigid, State Official Avers in Ruling SAN FRANCISCO, Cal. (NC) It is the opinion of California’s Attorney General that the doctrine of separation of church and state rests upon “a not inflexible general prin ciple rather than upon a rigid concept of absolute disassocia tion.” California Attorney General Edmund G. Brown said this in an opinion signed by himself 1 and Deputy Attorney General George G. Grover on the use of public school property for religious purposes. The opinion also com mented on the question of whether a county could sell or lease proper ty acquired from the United States Government to a religious organiza tion. "The courts have frequently observed that there is a 'wall of A MINK NEWSPAPER DIVISION OHIO STATE MUSEUM COLUMBUS 10 OHIO Whereabouts Cardinal still Unknown VIENNA (NC) One week after the Hungarian gov ernment had announced the conditional release of His Em inence Josef Cardinal Mind szenty, the prelate’s where abouts and condition remain ed a deep mystery. There was no indication that the Cardinal had been able to contact the Holy See—considered here to be an initial act if he were really free—or fellow members in the College of Cardinals in the free world. Attempts by reporters to reach the Cardinal have failed. A tele phone call to the primate’s res idence at Esztergom met with a reply that the Cardinal "Is not here and we don't know where he is." Catholic officials here are still skeptical about the Hungarian gov ernment’s report. They recalled the words of a Vat ican broadcast last December com menting on reports that Cardinal Mindszenty would be released at that time. “We will not believe any reports about Cardinal Mindszenty’s re lease,” the broadcast said, “until he can preach again in the Eszter gom basilica, until he can sign the pastorals of the Hungarian hier archy, until he can again freely visit the Holy See.” Budapest Catholics contacted from here are unanimous in de claring that the announcement of the release of Cardinal Minds zenty was a ruse, conceived in Moscow, for the purpose of soft ening the Western attitude at the Geneva conference. The Cardinal's status as a prisoner is believed to be practically un changed. This view is corroborated by newly increased aggressiveness of Hungarian propaganda for home consumption. Not for a long time has the Hungarian press made such vigorous attacks on the Church, clergy and “religious reactionaries” as in the last few days. separation' between church and state," said the opinion, "and yet it Is clear that in meny situations church and state do come into direct contact." As examples of such contect, the jurists noted that religious organizations, like other organizations, are subject to the police power of the state end church buildings must -con form to building safety regula tions. On the other hand, the same religious orgenizations get police and fire protection, mail service and other benefits. On the specific questions on which it was asked to give an opin ion the Attorney General’s office concluded that “voluntary student religious associations may hold their meetings on a school campus, provided there is no interference with the regular educational pro gram of the school.” The opinion said that short-term leases of school property for peri ods of a few hours each day “are not authorized.” It then cited a section of the California Education Code that made possible the leas ing of school property on a long term basis where the property is not needed at all for educational purposes. According to the Attorney Gen eral’s opinion, “there are no con stitutional objections to sale or lefee of public property to relig ious organizations for religious or other proper purposes, provided le gal sale or leasing procedures are complied with, and provided the property is not needed for public purposes .” There are three general tests which may be applied to a situation involving alleged governmental as sistance to religion, said Brown. The three tests, which the jurist says “seem to be consistent with the body of case law already devel oped” are these: “First, is the particular govern mental act or assistance which is in question to non-religious groups on the same basis on which is propos ed it be granted to religious organ izations? “Second, would absolute relig ious neutrality on the part of the government in a particular situa tion have the effect of interfering with free exercise of religion? “Third, does a particular state action benefiting religion have the effect of casting a financial burden upon the state?” II y. i I 1 Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, July 29,1955 -t s I dared here this week. The prelate urged that this fact be stressed to U. S. Government leaders, asking the Government to use part of the money spent on the U. S. information agencies to aid the relief agencies. He is Bishop Leonard G. Ray mond of Allahbad, India, who made his suggestion in a letter of thanks to Msgr. Edward E Swan strom, executive director of CRS N.C.W.C. Bishop Raymond told Monsignor Swanstrom that through the gen erosity of American Catholics who contribute to CRS-N.C.W.C., the Church of India “stands out as an agency that seeks the well-being of the people of India, that is anxious to lift them up body and soul, that is engaged in the task of reconstruction regardless of caste or creed.” Referring to the effect the food supplies have on the present cli mate of India, Bishop Raymond said: Father Applegate, dioeesen *u- Bishops to Plan New Marian Congress in ’58 ROME (NC).— Father Charles Balic, O.F.M., presi dent of the International Mar ian Academy, has announced here that the first definite steps in preparation for a new Marian International Congress will be made when he meets with Bishop Pierre M. Theas of Tarbes and Lourdes and Bishop Roger Michon of Chartres in Sep tember. The projected congress will be held at Lourdes in 1958 on the occasion of the centenary of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin to St. Bernadette. At the Septem ber meeting, Father Balic said, there will be drawn up the first broad plans for organization and activity. The Mario-Mariological Congress at Lourdes, like a similar congress held in Rome in the Fall of 1954 to mark the end of the Marian Year, will have two phases. The first phase win be Mario logical, in which there will be a scientific study of the doctrines and devotions that pertain to the Blessed Virgin Mary. The second phase will serve as a public dem onstration of devotion to the Blessed Virgin. Father Balic said the theme of the congress, which is subject to the approval of the host-Bishops, may be the Queenship of Mary. holic Times Sa Seated on the pontifical throne, His Eminence Benedetto Aloisi Cardinal Masella, Papal Legate, presides at the formal opening of the 36th World Eucharistic Congress in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, attended by pilgrims from 30 nations. Standing to the right is a Swiss Guard who accompanied the prelate from Rome. Others are unidentified. Catholic Relief Groups Cited As Best U.S. Propagandists NEW YORK (NC) Food supplies sent by such American agencies as Catholic Re lief Services National Catholic Welfare Conference are doing a much better propaganda job for the United States than are “the official organs of publicity,” an Indian Bishop de- "At present, the Church In India is under a cloud foreign missionaries ere sternly dis couraged Christian activities are frowned upon in parts (of India) there is harrassment of and its etho*. Undar the circum stances, the Church must alter her program, must work for the future rather than the present and in her policy, the appeal of charity must continue, soliciting ♦he hearts of Indians despite ♦heir opposition to her. This has been possible only with your help Of the propaganda value of food and relief programs, the Bishop said “the communists have so con ditioned the minds of most Indians that official American publicity falls on them like water on duck's back. “But the publicity you make is (Continued on Page 2) 13 Named to Lay Groundwork For White House Conference Thirteen Ohioans will attend county meetings in preparation for the White House Conference in No- vember, Father C. Bennett Apple gat announced this week. The group will discuss Catholic education questions and bring back conclusions to the second Ohio White House Conference to be held in Columbus in late September. Holy Father’s Radio Talk Climaxes International Eucharistic Congress a perintendenf of schools, is a member of the state committee of th* Ohio Whit* Hous* Confer ence, having been named to th* post earlier this year by Gover nor Lausch*. Th* stat* commit tee set up th* agenda for dis cussion* of educational problem* at a conference last week in Co lumbus. Named as delegates to confer ences on the county level were Mrs. Stephen Jajubowski of Cleveland. Mrs. Pauline Von Schullick of Youngstown, Mrs. Walter Sneider of Fremont, Mrs. Fred Bohn of Zanesville, and Mrs. Alexander Glockner of Columbus, all repre senting Parent-Teacher Ass 0 i a tions. Delegates representing organiza tions are Father John Staunton, ex ecutive secretary of the Ohio Cath olic Welfare Conference Father William Franer of Cincinnati, of the Department of Education of the OCWC, and Sister Thomas Aquin, of St. Mary of the Springs College, representing the Ohio unit of the National Catholic Education Associ ation. Delegates representing school* are Father Benedict Dobran cln, O.S.B., principal of Benedic tine High School, Cleveland Fa ther Glenn Holdbrook, principal of Ursuline High School, Youngs town Father Omer Schroeder of St. Charles High School, Colum bus and Sister Evelyn, O.P., prin cipal of Holy Name School, Steu benville. Also named was Father Raymond A. Etzel of Sandusky. County conferences will consider six major areas of school problems. The questions are: What should our schools accom plish? How can we organize our schools more efficiently and eco nomically? What are our school building needs? How can we get enough good teachers and keep them? How can we finance our schools—build and operate them? How can we obtain a continuing public interest in education? 7? *41 p| ft ft ftlit i ed in the great Congress Square and in neighboring parks and ave nues, greeted with resounding cheers a special radio message of His Holiness Pope Pius XII to the 36th International Eucharistic Con- gress. Other millions listened to the Holy Father’s words in their homes and in restaurants, stores and vari ous other public places throughout the entire country. Th* Pope's talk, delivered in Portuguese, climaxed the clos- ing events of the great Eucharis tic tribute which had brought to Rio 20 Cardinals and great num bers of Archbishops, Bishops, priests and faithful from all parts of the world. It voiced the Pontiff s deep sat isfaction over the edifying display of fervor which had been shown by the people of this traditionally Catholic country during the week of Eucharistic homage. Holy Communion is a source of unity and life and furnishes the “invincible armor of Christian fighters,” the Pope declared in his radio address. “Wherever the palms of martyr dom grow thickly, what source of happiness it is for confessors of the Faith to be able to get close to Christ through the Sacrament,” he declared. Voicing his paternal pleasure at the inspiring demonstrations of de- Released Time Classes Held Answer to Lack of Sound Moral Training CHICAGO—(NC)—A U.S. Senator, commenting on the principle in public education not to teach any particular type of religion, said “We seem in our schools to have gone to a ridiculous extent ... the other way in not having basic moral ideas taught to our kids.” Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee made this comment after hearing testimony here by Auxiliary Bishop Bernard J. Sheil of Chicago before the Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delin quency. Asked by the Senator to express his opinion on the matter. Bishop Sheil said that one of the things that is “essential and necessary” is that all religious groups take advantage of released time in struction. (Under the “released time” program schools permit a certain period each week when students are allowed to attend religion classes. The permission of the parents is necessary before the students are allowed to leave the schools to attend such classes.) Bishop Shiel said the religious groups should not expect the child to come to them but should go to the child “and in that way estab lish a personal contact.” When that personal contact is made, the prelate said, “then it would be possible to inculcate these very definite moral values that are es sential for right living.” Senator Kefauver expressed great concern over Bishop House Group Okays Public School Aid Bill WASHINGTON (NC) The House Education and La bor Committee has approved a bill which would set up a Federal-State four-year, $1.6 billion program of construc tion aid for public schools. The legislation provide* that a State would be eligible for an outright grant with it* share de termined by it* total school-age population. The funds would be given on a 50-50 matching basis. In addition to the direct grants in-aid to the State, the bill provides for federal purchase of up to $750 million in school bonds from school districts if the individual district isn’t able to acquire funds at a reasonable interest rate. The bill, which restricts the funds to the construction of pub lic schools alone, he* gone to th* Rules Committee, and if cleared there, will be debated on th* House floor. An anti-segregation amendment to the measure, cause of a fist fight between two Congressmen during a closed session, was de feated. The amendment would have barred Federal funds to States or school districts which practice ra cial segregation. Shell's reference to a survey made by The New York Times few years ago which disclosed that two-thirds of 50,000 high school students queried hed never heard of the Ten Com mandments. “I appreciate the principle in our public education system of not teaching any creed or any (Continued on Page 2) Most Powerful Weapon In Battle for Peace Is Prayer Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Yeer 1,500,000 Attend Rally Eisenhower Sends Note RIO DE JANEIRO (NC) A----------------------------------------------------- million and a half faithful, gather votion to Christ in the Eucharist here, the Pope called for an even deeper study of Its mysteries to carry the Eucharistic light and heat into a world darkened by ig norance and frozen by indifferent ism. The Pontiff declared that the Mass, which renews the Sacrifice of Calvary hundreds of thousands of times each day, renders infinite ly greater glory to God than even the most advanced science seeking to penetrate the mysteries of the universe. "Through the Eucharistic Sac rifice the earth, which is a mere speck in the universe, is trans* Presidents Message RIO DE JANEIRO (NO Hopes that the Eucharistic Con gress would inspire men every where to pray for peace were expressed by President Eisen hower a message received during the great celebration here. The President said he hoped the Congress “will inspire in all of you and men of other creeds who learn of your deliberations the determination to work with renewed devotion for a just peace in the world.” “Those who exercise spiritual leadership in free nations,” the President added, “constitute a great force which can do much to further this cause.” In a message of reply, Jaime Cardinal de Barros Camara, Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro, thanked President Eisenhower and said that Catholics all over the world would pray for a peace ‘without rancor or hatred, a peace which the world does not know—the peace of Christ.” formed into an immense thurible that rises through specs in infi* nite glory to the Creator," ho said. The Pope called on his listeners to become heralds and apostles of the Eucharistic King and “make the wonders of His love known everywhere.” He asked particularly those from countries in whose sky the south ern cross shines to return to their homes “determined to be always and everywhere paladins of the Eucharistic King in their indi vidual, family, social and publie lives—so that the Redeemer and the Divine King may reign not only (Continued on Page 2) Only 39 More Days Young Jack Ryan, who will enter th* third grade at Holy Rosary this fall, checks the calendar to see just how many day* of summer vacation ar* left. Hi* dog, Baron, is interested in th* count, too. Jack is th* son of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Ryan, 540 Bulen Av*. The end of summer vacation for more than 25,000 Catho lic youngsters in the Columbus Diocese was in sight this week, as the calendar of activities for the 1955-56 school year was announced. Tuesday. Sept. 6 was designated as the first day of school for ele mentary school students, in the 180-day calendar made public by Father C. Bennett Applegate, dio cesan superintendent of schools. Catholic high schools will open the following day. The schedule call* for three vacation* and seven day* off. Free dey* ar* Ail Saint* Dey, Nov. 1, th* Feast of th* Im maculate Conception, Dec. 8 Ascension Day, May 10 Colum bus Dey, Oct. 12 Armistice Dey, Nov. 11 Washington's birthday, Feb. 22, and Memorial Day, May 30. The Thanksgiving vacation ex tends from noon Wednesday Nov. 23 to the following Monday, while the Christinas holidays are sched uled from noon, Dec. 22 to Jan. 3. Easter vacation is set from noon Wednesday, March 28 to Tuesday, April 3. Among the highlights of the schedule are the Principals and Teachers meeting, Aug. 31-Sept. 1, and the Community Supervisor! and Diocesan Consultants Meet ing. Aug. 31. Both sessions will be held at St. Mary of the Springs. Other important dates include the observance of National Catho lic Youth Week, beginning Oct. 30 semester examinations, Jan. 23 the annual elementary school mu sic festival, March 11 and Holy Father’s Day, March 12. Observed in diocesan schools for the first time last year, Holy Father’s Day is a day set aside in which all school children will offer prayers for the Pope. High schools will close June T, and elementary schools a day later.