Newspaper Page Text
A Good Catholic
Is a Well. Informed Catholic Vol. IV, No. 44 Priest Reports India Plans ‘Incident’ in Goa As Excuse for Invasion NEWARK, N.J. (NC) A Goan priest from India has warned that some 15,000 “hooligans” have a plan to cross the Indian border into Goa on Aug. 15 and create an incident in thut small Portuguese province which will allow India to step in and take control of the settlement. The priest who issued this warning would be subject to reprisal in his own country, so his identity was not revealed, said the Advocate, newspaper of the Arch diocese of Newark, which inter viewed him. The priest also said the invasion Was scheduled for the same time last year—on the Feast of the As sumption and the holiday honor ing India’s independence but was called off by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru after protests against the tactics were lodged by several nations and the Vatican had “expressed its alarm.” The border-crossing plan, ac cording to the priest, consists in having the Indians enter Goa, cause riots and make the small Portuguese garrison fire on them. Then the Indian army which is stationed on the fron tier would also cross the border to intervene, charging the Portu guese with "firing on unarmed Indians." No secret is being made of these Intentions, according to the priest. The hoodlums are being instructed by openly distributed handbills and every move is being broadcast be forehand by the semi-official gov ernment station, the All-India Ra dio. Saying that Americans should know “the exact situation,” Fa ther insisted that Goa, one of three Portuguese settlements on the western coast of India, has been subjected to a continuous harass ment by India which seeks to take it over. This has been so since In dia became independent, he said. Th* territory it a preponder antly Catholic area in culture and spirit, he said, adding that of the total population of 637,846, 418,564 are Catholics. “The people of Goa do not want to be merged with India. Goa is a complete cultural unit in its own. It is totally different from anything you will find in India” the priest declared. “Besides that, the social and eco nomic level of the people of Goa is far above that of those in India .. Goa has nothing to gain by joining India. “Then, too, there is a growing nervousness among the Catholic population because of the menace posed by the Communist Party in India and by growing persecution Nature, History Of Sacrifice to Be TV Topic A four-week series on “The Sacrifice of the Mass” will be gin Sunday on WBNS-TV’s “Columbus Churches” o gram. Father Hanley Arranged by Father James Hanley, assistant pastor of St. Christopher Church, the series will explain the nature and history of sacrifice, the meaning of the sac rifice of the Cross and the sacrifice of the Mass. It will be heard the four Sunday of August at 2 p. m. Assisting Father Hanley will be two other priests, Father Leo Sullivan, assistant pastor of St. Fra -cis Church, Newark, and Fa ther Bernard McClory, assistant pastor at Holy Rosary Church, Columbus. Father Hanley’s talk on “Sacri fice” will highlight the 30-minute program Sunday. On Aug. 14, Fa ther Sullivan will speak on the topic, “The Sacrifice of the Cross and the Sacrifice of the Mass.” An explanation of the Mass vestments, Mass calendar and the various kinds of Masses will be given by Father McClory on Aug. 21. The final program on Aug. 28, will feature an explan ation by Father Hanley of the prayers and actions of the Mess. The public service program, car ried 52 weeks a year, rotates per iodically between Catholics, Prot estants and Jews. of Catholics by Hindu revivalist groups. This, along with Nehru’s neutralist policy in favor of the left, has created in Goans a consid erable anxiety and would make them feel less safe than they are today,” he commented. Meanwhile, an authoritative edi torial in Osservatore Rimano, Vat ican City newspaper, voiced hopes for a peaceful settlement of the Goa dispute. It strongly recom mended that “recourse to force be avoided.” At the same time, the editorial pointed out that “contrary to what has been asserted by some, the Goa question is not in itself a re ligious question.” The political question, however, it commented, remains acute. "If it nofed fhaf fhe Holy See does nof infend fo interfere with purely political problems," Osservatore said. "Concerning is sues of that kind, the Holy See is, and wishes to remain, impar tial and neutral. But, at the same time, the Holy See, faithful to its high spiritual and peaceful mis sion, can only hope and strongly recommend that recourse to force be avoided." The newspaper recalled the Por tuguese communique of July 22 which stated that Goa is not a col ony, but a Portuguese territory which cannot be ceded, but declar ed at the same time a readiness to negotiate in a conciliatory spirit, in order to establish good, neighborly relations between Goa and India. ‘Out of Business' Effective August 1?, the postal action will be taken in compliance with an “Affidavit of Discontinu ance” signed by Benjamin Kram. Mr. Kram, whose mail order op erations were estimated by a Mi ami newspaperman to earn him and his brother, Henry, $1,000 a day, came to Washington after the Post Office Department had filed a com plaint against Ex-GI-Plastics and set a postal examiner’s hearing for August 12. By signing fhe "Affidavit of Discontinuance," and thereby agreeing that Ex-GI-P I a s i s would go out of business, the Krams ware able to avoid the August 12 hearing which might have led to a fraud charge against them. The affidavit signed by Mr. Kram also stipulates that “all mail or re mittances of any kind” received by WASHINGTON (NC) A Post Office Department official praised the Catholic press for the “good job” it has done in alerting its readers to the “re ligious junk” operations by mail. William C. O’Brien. Assistant Solicitor of the Post Office De partment in charge of Fraud and Mailability Division, told the N.C.W.C. News Service that he hoped the Catholic press would “continue to expose” such en terprises. him “will be returned to the send er with a statement that the enter prise has been discontinued, and that no information will be furnish ed any person advising where, how, or from whom” merchandise may be procured. The Post Office complaint against Ex-GI-Plastics charged that the circular sent with the unsolicit ed religious objects misrepresents the truth in that it implies that the articles “are sent by a veteran disabled to such an extent as to be forced to seek charity or is unable to earn his living by any other means.” A Miami Herald writer reported that Benjamin Kram’s dis ability is rated at only 10 per cent and that he receives $17 a month from the Veterans Administration. The extent of Henry’s disability is not known. A plastic crucifix was one of the "gimmicks" used by Ex-GI Plastics. The Kram brothers sent the crucifixes to Catholic-sound ing names token from telephone directories of cities all over the country. Worth only a few pen nies, the brothers got a return Ground Is Broken for New St. Mary School ‘Religious Junk’ Mail Order House Closed by Government WASHINGTON (NC) The Miami post office will return to the sender and stamp “Out of Business” on all mail addressed to Ex-GI-Plastics, the Miami concern whose religious objects-by-mail operations have prompted complaints by the Post Office Department, the La bor Department and the City nf Miami, and raised storms of protests from Catholic editors all over the country. of at least 25 cents. Earlier in July, the City of Miami served warrants on the Kram bro thers for violating city regulations by using “misleading, deceptive or untrue advertising” in their mail order business. On June 29, Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell asked the U. S. sBri Construction of a new elementary school for St. Mary parish, Columbus, began this week following ground-break ing ceremonies Sunday. Monsignor Edmund Burkley, pas tor, turned the first spadeful of earth on the site as hun dreds of parishioners looked on. Pictured with Monsignor Burkley above is Father Francis Schaefer, assistant pastor at St. Mary's. The new school, to be erected on church prop erty just south of the rectory on S. Third St., is expected to be completed by June, 1956. Drawings were made by Co lumbus architects, Emerick and McGee. The general con tractor is E. Elford and Son, Inc. of Columbus. The two story brick school will contain nine classrooms, a music room, a gym, cafeteria and kitchen, administration offices and boys' and girls' lockers and showers. When the school is completed, the 375 high school students will be moved into what is now the grade school buildings, both of which are in good condition. Since 1918 high school classes have been held in frame buildings on Third St. Relief Crisis Seen as Threat to Family Life Franklin County’s drastic cuts in relief grants were de scribed by the diocesan director of Hospitals and Charities this week as a “grave threat to the stability of family life.” Msgr. William E. Kappes de clared that the cuts, ordered by the City Council and County Com missioners, not only effect the Chartered Train May Carry HNS Members to Meet A survey is being conducted throughout the diocese this week in an effort to determine the feas ibility of chartering a train to carry Holy Name Society members to Pittsburgh for v the National Holy Name Convention scheduled to be held in that city, Sept. 28-Oct 2. In a letter to all pastors, Fath er Albert Culliton, pastor of St. Christopher parish and diocesan director of the Holy Name Union, outlined a possible plan whereby the diocesan groups would be able to charter a Pennsylvania Railroad train for Sunday, Oct 2. A giant parade of Holy Name members from dioceses throughout the coun try will take place on the after noon of that date. "For the one day excursion, leaving in the morning and re turning in the evening,” Father Culliton explained, "it will be necessary that not less then 300 persons make the trip to the convention. Guaranteed reserva tions must be made in advance to insure the rate and privilege of a special train.” The train w’ould leave Columbus at 7:00 a.m. and arrive in Pittsburg at 11:30 a m. There would be stops at Newark, Denn’^on and Trinway. The rate per person would be $7.15, round trip. Members of families of Holy Name men would be permitted to take the trip if they desire. The v^utholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, August 5,1955 Court in Miami for an order re straining the Kram brothers from future violations of the Wage and Hour Law of the Fair Labor Stand ards Act. They were charged with paying employees less than 35 cents an hour. A date for the Labor Department hearing has not yet been set. health and welfare of those at home, but also contribute toward the break-up of the family. As an example, Monsignor Kappes cited the problem of one mother who must support her four children on $123 a month, a drop of $82 a month from the relief aid she received before the cuts went into effect Mdnday. "What can I do?" sha asked. "I'll have to place the children in a day-care nursery and start hunting for a job." Msgr. Kappes also cited cases in which two mothers, each with five children, will have to try to support their family on' $142 and $144 a month respectively. The Council of Social Agencies also mentioned several typical cases this week. In a special “Re lief Edition” of the organization's News Notes, the Council pointed out that a 39-year-old mother of four, formerly receiving $184 a month, will get only $123 month ly- The mother now has a major task in attempting to pare down a monthly budget which called for $100 for food, $37.65 for clothes $4.50 for household sup plies $1.25 for medical supplies $33 for rent (including utilities) $2.94 for transportation to school $2.16 for school supplies and $2.22 for insurance. The Council of Social Agen cies, of which the Catholic Wel fare Bureau is an affiliate, is "very concerned about the fu ture welfare of these people,” Monsignor Kappes said. In meetings of various welfare agencies in the county, Msgr. Kappes said, the agencies agreed (Continued on Page 2) Parish Rectory Established for St. Andrew’s A house located at 1935 Fishinger Road was purchased this week to serve as a rectory for the newly established St. Andrew’s parish in North Up per Arlington until such time as the permanent parish plant is constructed. The announce ment of the purchase was made by Father Michael Nu gent, who was appointed pas tor of the new parish on June 17. At the same time, Father Nugent announced that he has arranged for Sunday masses to be offered in the Fishinger Road School begin ning Sunday. Aug. 21. Masses will be offered at 8:00 and 10:00 a.m. A recent census conducted in the parish revealed that there are ap proximately 300 Catholic families within the confines of the parish boundaries. The parish plant itself will be constructed on a ten acre plot of land at McCoy and Reed Roads The first building to be constructed will be a combination church and parish social hall. Emerick and Mc Gee, architects, have announced that plans should be ready for the general contractor by early fall. The main floor of the building will serve as the church with a seating capacity for approximately 400 persons, while the lower floor will be used as a parish hall. The contemporary design will feature stone exterior walls, large glass areas and wide roof over hangs, creating a character in keep ing with the surrounding neigh borhood. Father Nugent revealed this week that a school bus also has been purchased to transport chil dren of the parish to St. Agatha school this fall. Press Subsidy, Moral Discipline Of Newsmen Is Recommended NANCY, France (NC) Governments should subsi dize newspapers to maintain freedom of the press. Journalists should set up an organization to enforce moral discipline among newspapermen. Catholics should make more use of all means of communication and try to win greater influence in them. These were among the most im portant recommendations made here at the 42nd annual French So cial Week, whose theme this year was “Press, Films, Radio and Tele vision in Contemporary Civiliza tion.” At one meeting M. Lecanuet, vice-president of the Press Commit tee of the French National Assem bly, spoke on freedom of the press. He said that it is not only partisan or dictatorial governments that threaten freedom of the press, but also economic interests. He pro posed that the press be protected against such interests by liberal government subsidies. He suggest ed that such subsidies might take the form of tax reductions or low er rates for telegraph and postal services. At another meeting it was rec ommended that journalists or ganize a professional organiza tion which would clearly define their responsibilities in the mor al field and enforce compliance with these duties. Father Pichard, O.P., technical counsellor of French Catholic or ganizations in television matters, noted that TV was increasingly im portant as a means of education and of forming public opinion. He said it was becoming more import ant than ever to defend its free dom from political powers which are trying to monopolize it and from other dangerous influences. Father Emile Gabel, editor of the Paris Catholic daily. La Croix. said that Catholics ought to have the right to use and share in the control of all means of communi cation in order to preserve their freedom. Vatican Advances Cause of Pope Innocent XI VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) —The Sacred Congregation of Rites discussed in a preparatory session the heroic degree of virtues of Pope Innocent XI, whose beatifica tion cause was introduced June 23, 1714. Pope Innocent, who reigned from 1676 to 1689, was a staunch defend er of papal authority and had long fights with King Louis XIV of France in this regard. U. S. Catholics Pay $1-Billion Each Year to Public Schools Named Chairman Of DCCW Meet Mrs. John S. Dunkle, above, has been appointed general chair man of the 1955 convention of the Diocesan Council of Catho lic Women, it was announced this week by Mrs. Frank H. Vogel, DCCW president. The conven tion will take place Tuesday, Oct. 11, at the Neil House. Mrs. Dunkle, a member of St. Cath arine parish, is immediate past president of her parish council. She is active in the Parent-Teach ers Association and Aid to the Aged. She is a charter member of Brace IV for the benefit of Cerebral Palsy and a member of the newly formed Multiple Scler osis organization. A Solemn Requiem Mass was of fered in Holy Redeemer church, Portsmouth, yesterday morning for Mrs. Henry P. Wiggins, mother of two priests, who died unexpectedly Sunday afternoon. Her sons in the priesthood are Father Urban Wiggins of the Di ocesan Tribunal and assistant pas tor of Holy Cross parish, Colum bus, and Father Leo Wiggins, pas tor of St. Francis Xavier parish, Malvern, O. Bishop Ready presided at the funeral Mass and gave final abso lution. Father Leo Wiggins was cele brant of the Mass. Fathers Urban Wiggins and John Graff, pastor of Our Lady of Sorrows parish, West Portsmouth, served as deacon and subdeacon, respectively. Also surviving are two other sons, Jerome of Portsmouth and Cyril of New York and a daugh ter, Mrs. Collette L. Steahly of Day ton. -----------------o----------------The Mount Carmel Will Graduate 52 Sunday Bishop Ready will confer diplomas on 52 graduates of the Mount Carmel Hospital School of Nursing, Sunday af ternoon at four o’clock in St. Joseph’s Cathedral. Father Stanley J. Kusman, S.M., dean of men at St. Mary’s Univer sity, San Antonio, Tex., will deliver the commencement address. The student nurses’ choir will sing for the occasion. The graduates were entertained last week at a banquet given by the Mount Carmel Alumnae at Ilonka’s Provincial House. On Aug. 2 they were the guests of the Sis ters of the Holy Cross at the tra ditional senior picnic at Mount Carmel farm. Th* Baccalaureate Mess was offered by Father James Mc- (Continued on Page 2) In addition to this outlay, ho continues, Catholics each year save their government $620,692, 000 in operating expenses by conducting their own Church affiliated schools. The saving is the amount the Government would have to pay if students now in Catholic schools were to attend schools financed by the Government. These two figures the amount Church-State Tension Persists in Argentina Despite ‘Peace’ Policy BUENOS AIRES (NC) Tension, unrest and uncer tainty continue to prevail in Argentina despite the new policy of ‘national pacification” announced by President Juan D. peron Offer Requiem For Mother Of Two Priests This applies equally in the do main of Church-state relations as in the political sphere. Catholic leaders saw some mea sure of reassurance in an an nouncement that a leading Catholic daily her.* which had been sup pressed by the peronist regime last December had been given permis sion to resume publication. How ever, other developments served to intensify pessimism over the Church's prospects in the future. The newspaper is El Pueblo which was forced to suspend last December after it had criticized the new divorce law and various measures adopted by the govern ment in its anti-Church campaign. One of the disturbing develop ments was a letter which Father Ricardo Gonzelez Ardiles, a mis sionary priest in the department of Minas, Cordoba, sent to Army Min ister Franklin Lucero, demanding freedom in the discharge of his spiritual ministry. Father Gonzalez complained that a police officer had ordered him on July 7 two days after President Peron had sounded his call for pacification to stop celebrating Mass at a mission sta tion where he had been offering the Sacrifice for the past eight years. He disclosed that another mis sionary priest, Father Antonio Az nar, had meanwhile been arrested by the police without any charge being preferred against him. In another development an edi torial in a peronist publication was viewed here as exemplifying the still active opposition of many per onist elements toward the Church. editorial spoke of “recent events promoted by exalted cler ics,” and said the clergy “have tried to remain in a position of privilege, relying on the ignorance of their fellows.” Entitled ‘^Neither Drunk Nor Asleep,” the editorial declared that the Church is “a cycle that is near ing its end,” and said that “neither bad priests nor fanatics in purple can change the course of events, no matter what help they get.” Th* magazine described peron ism as "an eminently spiritual movement," and said that Pres ident Peron "does not need our words of praise to continue firm in th* fight." The police reported that a group of unidentified men had attacked two policemen guarding the Cristo Rey Church here and killed one of them. There was no indication of the motive of the attack. Developments on the political front have included a demand by the opposition Radical Party for the restoration of full constitution al rights in Argentina, and the ab olition of the decree which placed the country in a state of internal war. Most Powerful Weapon In Battle for Peace Is Prayer Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Prelate Cites Laymen’s Education Tax Burden PHILADELPHIA (NC) Catholics in the United Sta tes contribute over a billion dollars each year in taxes to the public schools of the country, a sum which is only part of their outright “gift” to public school education, it was stated here by Archbishop John F. O’Hara, Th? Archbishop said “th? Catho lics of this country, by the con struction and operation of their own schools, are doing consider ably more for th? public schools than the Federal Government pro poses to do” in a bill approved in Washington by the House Educa tion and Labor Committee Archbishop O’Hara expressed his views in a front page editorial in The Catholic Standard and Times weekly newspaper of the Philadel phia archdiocese. In an analysis of statistics re leased by the Government, the Archbishop, formerly president of Notre Dame University, says it seems clear that the expenditure for Catholic school construction last year amounted to $500,000,000. SC., of Philadelphia. paid to build Catholic schools and the amount the Government saves because there are Catholic school* in the country—total $1,120,692, 000. “This is Contribution No. 1 of the Catholics to the public schools of the United States,” Archbishop O’Hara asserts. “Contribution No 2 is the local tax paid by Catholics along with their fellow-citizens.” He adds that a conservative estimate of the pro portion of Catholic children of the United States enrolled in the pub lic schools is 38 per cent for the elementary schools and 60 per cent for the high schools. "Contribution No. 3," the Arch* bishop soys, "is the state tex, which, like the local tax, is paid alike by Catholics and non-Cath olics. It is the unused portion of these two taxes," he points out, representing the education ex pense of 62 per cent of our ele mentary school pupils and 40 per cent of our high school students, that makes up the gift of $1,120,* 692,000 to the public schools." “Contribution No. 4 exists in Cal ifornia, where in spite of a law to the contrary, real estate taxes are imposed on parochial schools. “Contribution No. 4 for the rest of the country (No. 5 for Cali fornia) as proposed is the current bill for federal aid to publie schools.” “The bill approved by the Rouse Committee,” Archbishop O’Hara observes, “would set up a four-year program of federal-state participa tion, with federal grants of four hundred million dollars a year on a matching basis for the construc tion of new schools. “It would provide also for the federal purchase of $750,000,000 in school onds in districts which can not sell bonds at a reasonable rate of interest. “A third provision would pledge United States credit on a matching basis for bond issues for existing or newly created school building’ authorities. The Federal Govern ment, of course, expects repay ment on the bonds and due release from credit obligations assumed under the third provision. "This is the substance of the bill,” the Archbishop says. The editorial stresses the fact that measures of the bill proposed for the benefit of public schools, while they indicate generosity on the part of th* Government, are still less then what Catholics al ready contribute to th* public schools of tho country. The acute problem is in the South, according to Archbishop O’Hara, where private schools are fewer than in other areas of the country. The small Catholic population in that section makes a gift of $56,466,000 to the public schools for current operations but it spreads thin over the more than ten million pupils educated in tax supported schools. He suggests th* solution might be found "in th* establishment of an abundance of private schools in which religion could be taught without the violation of conscience." In such a solution, the Arch bishop points out, there is elimi nated the danger of Federal inter ference in the local schools of our nation which is inevitable if the Government finances the schools. Holy Father Lauds Jesuits as They Mark Anniversary VATICAN CITY—(Radio, NC)— The loyal sons of St. Ignatius are “helpers against the tempests which threaten the Bark of Peter,* His Holiness Pope Pius XH declar ed in a letter marking the fourth centenary of the death of the Jes uit founder. Writing to Father John B. Jans sens, General of the Society, tha Holy Father said he had received news of the quadricentennial cele bration with great joy and voiced a wish that “it prove to be of great profit not only to the sons of Ignatius but to all the faithful.” He also urged them to vitalize the doctrines contained in St Ignatius’ constitutions with ever increasing fidelity. Thus, the Pope said, the greater glory of God would be accomplished, and the Church, as in the past, might avail herself of their strength.