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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, August 05, 1955, Image 1

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A Good Catholic
Is a Well.
Informed Catholic
Vol. IV, No. 44
Priest Reports India
Plans ‘Incident’ in Goa
As Excuse for Invasion
NEWARK, N.J. (NC) A Goan priest from India has
warned that some 15,000 “hooligans” have a plan to cross the
Indian border into Goa on Aug. 15 and create an incident in
thut small Portuguese province which will allow India to step
in and take control of the settlement.
The priest who issued this warning would be subject to
reprisal in his own country, so his
identity was not revealed, said the
Advocate, newspaper of the Arch
diocese of Newark, which inter
viewed him.
The priest also said the invasion
Was scheduled for the same time
last year—on the Feast of the As
sumption and the holiday honor
ing India’s independence but
was called off by Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru after protests
against the tactics were lodged by
several nations and the Vatican had
“expressed its alarm.”
The border-crossing plan, ac
cording to the priest, consists in
having the Indians enter Goa,
cause riots and make the small
Portuguese garrison fire on
them. Then the Indian army
which is stationed on the fron
tier would also cross the border
to intervene, charging the Portu
guese with "firing on unarmed
No secret is being made of these
Intentions, according to the priest.
The hoodlums are being instructed
by openly distributed handbills and
every move is being broadcast be
forehand by the semi-official gov
ernment station, the All-India Ra
Saying that Americans should
know “the exact situation,” Fa
ther insisted that Goa, one of three
Portuguese settlements on the
western coast of India, has been
subjected to a continuous harass
ment by India which seeks to take
it over. This has been so since In
dia became independent, he said.
Th* territory it a preponder
antly Catholic area in culture
and spirit, he said, adding that of
the total population of 637,846,
418,564 are Catholics.
“The people of Goa do not want
to be merged with India. Goa is a
complete cultural unit in its own.
It is totally different from anything
you will find in India” the priest
“Besides that, the social and eco
nomic level of the people of Goa is
far above that of those in India ..
Goa has nothing to gain by joining
“Then, too, there is a growing
nervousness among the Catholic
population because of the menace
posed by the Communist Party in
India and by growing persecution
Nature, History
Of Sacrifice to
Be TV Topic
A four-week series on “The
Sacrifice of the Mass” will be
gin Sunday on WBNS-TV’s
“Columbus Churches” o
Father Hanley
Arranged by Father James
Hanley, assistant pastor of St.
Christopher Church, the series will
explain the nature and history of
sacrifice, the meaning of the sac
rifice of the Cross and the sacrifice
of the Mass. It will be heard the
four Sunday of August at 2 p. m.
Assisting Father Hanley will
be two other priests, Father Leo
Sullivan, assistant pastor of St.
Fra -cis Church, Newark, and Fa
ther Bernard McClory, assistant
pastor at Holy Rosary Church,
Father Hanley’s talk on “Sacri
fice” will highlight the 30-minute
program Sunday. On Aug. 14, Fa
ther Sullivan will speak on the
topic, “The Sacrifice of the Cross
and the Sacrifice of the Mass.”
An explanation of the Mass
vestments, Mass calendar and
the various kinds of Masses will
be given by Father McClory on
Aug. 21. The final program on
Aug. 28, will feature an explan
ation by Father Hanley of the
prayers and actions of the Mess.
The public service program, car
ried 52 weeks a year, rotates per
iodically between Catholics, Prot
estants and Jews.
of Catholics by Hindu revivalist
groups. This, along with Nehru’s
neutralist policy in favor of the
left, has created in Goans a consid
erable anxiety and would make
them feel less safe than they are
today,” he commented.
Meanwhile, an authoritative edi
torial in Osservatore Rimano, Vat
ican City newspaper, voiced hopes
for a peaceful settlement of the
Goa dispute. It strongly recom
mended that “recourse to force be
At the same time, the editorial
pointed out that “contrary to what
has been asserted by some, the
Goa question is not in itself a re
ligious question.” The political
question, however, it commented,
remains acute.
"If it nofed fhaf fhe Holy See
does nof infend fo interfere
with purely political problems,"
Osservatore said. "Concerning is
sues of that kind, the Holy See
is, and wishes to remain, impar
tial and neutral. But, at the same
time, the Holy See, faithful to its
high spiritual and peaceful mis
sion, can only hope and strongly
recommend that recourse to
force be avoided."
The newspaper recalled the Por
tuguese communique of July 22
which stated that Goa is not a col
ony, but a Portuguese territory
which cannot be ceded, but declar
ed at the same time a readiness to
negotiate in a conciliatory spirit, in
order to establish good, neighborly
relations between Goa and India.
‘Out of Business'
Effective August 1?, the postal
action will be taken in compliance
with an “Affidavit of Discontinu
ance” signed by Benjamin Kram.
Mr. Kram, whose mail order op
erations were estimated by a Mi
ami newspaperman to earn him and
his brother, Henry, $1,000 a day,
came to Washington after the Post
Office Department had filed a com
plaint against Ex-GI-Plastics and
set a postal examiner’s hearing for
August 12.
By signing fhe "Affidavit of
Discontinuance," and thereby
agreeing that Ex-GI-P I a s i s
would go out of business, the
Krams ware able to avoid the
August 12 hearing which might
have led to a fraud charge
against them.
The affidavit signed by Mr. Kram
also stipulates that “all mail or re
mittances of any kind” received by
Post Office Department official
praised the Catholic press for
the “good job” it has done in
alerting its readers to the “re
ligious junk” operations by
William C. O’Brien. Assistant
Solicitor of the Post Office De
partment in charge of Fraud and
Mailability Division, told the
N.C.W.C. News Service that he
hoped the Catholic press would
“continue to expose” such en
him “will be returned to the send
er with a statement that the enter
prise has been discontinued, and
that no information will be furnish
ed any person advising where, how,
or from whom” merchandise may
be procured.
The Post Office complaint
against Ex-GI-Plastics charged that
the circular sent with the unsolicit
ed religious objects misrepresents
the truth in that it implies that
the articles “are sent by a veteran
disabled to such an extent as to be
forced to seek charity or is unable
to earn his living by any other
means.” A Miami Herald writer
reported that Benjamin Kram’s dis
ability is rated at only 10 per cent
and that he receives $17 a month
from the Veterans Administration.
The extent of Henry’s disability is
not known.
A plastic
crucifix was one of
the "gimmicks" used by Ex-GI
Plastics. The Kram brothers sent
the crucifixes to Catholic-sound
ing names token from telephone
directories of cities all over the
country. Worth only a few pen
nies, the brothers got a return
Ground Is Broken for New
St. Mary School
‘Religious Junk’ Mail Order
House Closed by Government
WASHINGTON (NC) The Miami post office will return to the sender and stamp
“Out of Business” on all mail addressed to Ex-GI-Plastics, the Miami concern whose religious
objects-by-mail operations have prompted complaints by the Post Office Department, the La
bor Department and the City nf Miami, and raised storms of protests from Catholic editors
all over the country.
of at least 25 cents.
Earlier in July, the City of Miami
served warrants on the Kram bro
thers for violating city regulations
by using “misleading, deceptive or
untrue advertising” in their mail
order business.
On June 29, Secretary of Labor
James P. Mitchell asked the U. S.
Construction of a new elementary school for St. Mary
parish, Columbus, began this week following ground-break
ing ceremonies Sunday. Monsignor Edmund Burkley, pas
tor, turned the first spadeful of earth on the site as hun
dreds of parishioners looked on. Pictured with Monsignor
Burkley above is Father Francis Schaefer, assistant pastor
at St. Mary's. The new school, to be erected on church prop
erty just south of the rectory on S. Third St., is expected to
be completed by June, 1956. Drawings were made by Co
lumbus architects, Emerick and McGee. The general con
tractor is E. Elford and Son, Inc. of Columbus. The two
story brick school will contain nine classrooms, a music
room, a gym, cafeteria and kitchen, administration offices
and boys' and girls' lockers and showers. When the school
is completed, the 375 high school students will be moved into
what is now the grade school buildings, both of which are
in good condition. Since 1918 high school classes have been
held in frame buildings on Third St.
Relief Crisis Seen as
Threat to Family Life
Franklin County’s drastic cuts in relief grants were de
scribed by the diocesan director of Hospitals and Charities
this week as a “grave threat to the stability of family life.”
Msgr. William E. Kappes de
clared that the cuts, ordered by
the City Council and County Com
missioners, not only effect the
Chartered Train
May Carry HNS
Members to Meet
A survey is being conducted
throughout the diocese this week
in an effort to determine the feas
ibility of chartering a train to carry
Holy Name Society members to
Pittsburgh for v the National Holy
Name Convention scheduled to be
held in that city, Sept. 28-Oct 2.
In a letter to all pastors, Fath
er Albert Culliton, pastor of St.
Christopher parish and diocesan
director of the Holy Name Union,
outlined a possible plan whereby
the diocesan groups would be able
to charter a Pennsylvania Railroad
train for Sunday, Oct 2. A giant
parade of Holy Name members
from dioceses throughout the coun
try will take place on the after
noon of that date.
"For the one day excursion,
leaving in the morning and re
turning in the evening,” Father
Culliton explained, "it will be
necessary that not less then 300
persons make the trip to the
convention. Guaranteed reserva
tions must be made in advance
to insure the rate and privilege
of a special train.”
The train w’ould leave Columbus
at 7:00 a.m. and arrive in Pittsburg
at 11:30 a m. There would be stops
at Newark, Denn’^on and Trinway.
The rate per person would be
$7.15, round trip. Members of
families of Holy Name men would
be permitted to take the trip if
they desire.
The v^utholic Times
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, August 5,1955
Court in Miami for an order re
straining the Kram brothers from
future violations of the Wage and
Hour Law of the Fair Labor Stand
ards Act. They were charged with
paying employees less than 35
cents an hour. A date for the Labor
Department hearing has not yet
been set.
health and welfare of those at
home, but also contribute toward
the break-up of the family.
As an example, Monsignor
Kappes cited the problem of one
mother who must support her four
children on $123 a month, a drop
of $82 a month from the relief
aid she received before the cuts
went into effect Mdnday.
"What can I do?" sha asked.
"I'll have to place the children
in a day-care nursery and start
hunting for a job."
Msgr. Kappes also cited cases
in which two mothers, each with
five children, will have to try to
support their family on' $142 and
$144 a month respectively.
The Council of Social Agencies
also mentioned several typical
cases this week. In a special “Re
lief Edition” of the organization's
News Notes, the Council pointed
out that a 39-year-old mother of
four, formerly receiving $184 a
month, will get only $123 month
The mother now has a major
task in attempting to pare down
a monthly budget which called
for $100 for food, $37.65 for
clothes $4.50 for household sup
plies $1.25 for medical supplies
$33 for rent (including utilities)
$2.94 for transportation to school
$2.16 for school supplies and $2.22
for insurance.
The Council of Social Agen
cies, of which the Catholic Wel
fare Bureau is an affiliate, is
"very concerned about the fu
ture welfare of these people,”
Monsignor Kappes said.
In meetings of various welfare
agencies in the county, Msgr.
Kappes said, the agencies agreed
(Continued on Page 2)
Parish Rectory
Established for
St. Andrew’s
A house located at 1935
Fishinger Road was purchased
this week to serve as a rectory
for the newly established St.
Andrew’s parish in North Up
per Arlington until such time
as the permanent parish plant
is constructed. The announce
ment of the purchase was
made by Father Michael Nu
gent, who was appointed pas
tor of the new parish on June
At the same time, Father Nugent
announced that he has arranged
for Sunday masses to be offered in
the Fishinger Road School begin
ning Sunday. Aug. 21. Masses will
be offered at 8:00 and 10:00 a.m.
A recent census conducted in the
parish revealed that there are ap
proximately 300 Catholic families
within the confines of the parish
The parish plant itself will be
constructed on a ten acre plot of
land at McCoy and Reed Roads
The first building to be constructed
will be a combination church and
parish social hall. Emerick and Mc
Gee, architects, have announced
that plans should be ready for the
general contractor by early fall.
The main floor of the building
will serve as the church with a
seating capacity for approximately
400 persons, while the lower floor
will be used as a parish hall.
The contemporary design will
feature stone exterior walls, large
glass areas and wide roof over
hangs, creating a character in keep
ing with the surrounding neigh
Father Nugent revealed this
week that a school bus also has
been purchased to transport chil
dren of the parish to St. Agatha
school this fall.
Press Subsidy, Moral Discipline
Of Newsmen Is Recommended
NANCY, France (NC) Governments should subsi
dize newspapers to maintain freedom of the press.
Journalists should set up an organization to enforce moral
discipline among newspapermen.
Catholics should make more use
of all means of communication and
try to win greater influence in
These were among the most im
portant recommendations made
here at the 42nd annual French So
cial Week, whose theme this year
was “Press, Films, Radio and Tele
vision in Contemporary Civiliza
At one meeting M. Lecanuet,
vice-president of the Press Commit
tee of the French National Assem
bly, spoke on freedom of the press.
He said that it is not only partisan
or dictatorial governments that
threaten freedom of the press, but
also economic interests. He pro
posed that the press be protected
against such interests by liberal
government subsidies. He suggest
ed that such subsidies might take
the form of tax reductions or low
er rates for telegraph and postal
At another meeting it was rec
ommended that journalists or
ganize a professional organiza
tion which would clearly define
their responsibilities in the mor
al field and enforce compliance
with these duties.
Father Pichard, O.P., technical
counsellor of French Catholic or
ganizations in television matters,
noted that TV was increasingly im
portant as a means of education
and of forming public opinion. He
said it was becoming more import
ant than ever to defend its free
dom from political powers which
are trying to monopolize it and
from other dangerous influences.
Father Emile Gabel, editor of
the Paris Catholic daily. La Croix.
said that Catholics ought to have
the right to use and share in the
control of all means of communi
cation in order to preserve their
Vatican Advances
Cause of Pope
Innocent XI
—The Sacred Congregation of Rites
discussed in a preparatory session
the heroic degree of virtues of
Pope Innocent XI, whose beatifica
tion cause was introduced June 23,
Pope Innocent, who reigned from
1676 to 1689, was a staunch defend
er of papal authority and had long
fights with King Louis XIV of
France in this regard.
U. S. Catholics Pay $1-Billion
Each Year to Public Schools
Named Chairman
Of DCCW Meet
Mrs. John S. Dunkle, above,
has been appointed general chair
man of the 1955 convention of
the Diocesan Council of Catho
lic Women, it was announced this
week by Mrs. Frank H. Vogel,
DCCW president. The conven
tion will take place Tuesday,
Oct. 11, at the Neil House. Mrs.
Dunkle, a member of St. Cath
arine parish, is immediate past
president of her parish council.
She is active in the Parent-Teach
ers Association and Aid to the
Aged. She is a charter member
of Brace IV for the benefit of
Cerebral Palsy and a member of
the newly formed Multiple Scler
osis organization.
A Solemn Requiem Mass was of
fered in Holy Redeemer church,
Portsmouth, yesterday morning for
Mrs. Henry P. Wiggins, mother of
two priests, who died unexpectedly
Sunday afternoon.
Her sons in the priesthood are
Father Urban Wiggins of the Di
ocesan Tribunal and assistant pas
tor of Holy Cross parish, Colum
bus, and Father Leo Wiggins, pas
tor of St. Francis Xavier parish,
Malvern, O.
Bishop Ready presided at the
funeral Mass and gave final abso
Father Leo Wiggins was cele
brant of the Mass. Fathers Urban
Wiggins and John Graff, pastor of
Our Lady of Sorrows parish, West
Portsmouth, served as deacon and
subdeacon, respectively.
Also surviving are two other
sons, Jerome of Portsmouth and
Cyril of New York and a daugh
ter, Mrs. Collette L. Steahly of Day
Mount Carmel
Will Graduate
52 Sunday
Bishop Ready will confer
diplomas on 52 graduates of
the Mount Carmel Hospital
School of Nursing, Sunday af
ternoon at four o’clock in St.
Joseph’s Cathedral.
Father Stanley J. Kusman, S.M.,
dean of men at St. Mary’s Univer
sity, San Antonio, Tex., will deliver
the commencement address. The
student nurses’ choir will sing for
the occasion.
The graduates were entertained
last week at a banquet given by
the Mount Carmel Alumnae at
Ilonka’s Provincial House. On Aug.
2 they were the guests of the Sis
ters of the Holy Cross at the tra
ditional senior picnic at Mount
Carmel farm.
Baccalaureate Mess was
offered by Father James Mc-
(Continued on Page 2)
In addition to this outlay, ho
continues, Catholics each year
save their government $620,692,
000 in operating expenses by
conducting their own Church
affiliated schools. The saving is
the amount the Government
would have to pay if students
now in Catholic schools were to
attend schools financed by the
These two figures the amount
Church-State Tension
Persists in Argentina
Despite ‘Peace’ Policy
BUENOS AIRES (NC) Tension, unrest and uncer
tainty continue to prevail in Argentina despite the new policy
of ‘national pacification” announced by President Juan D.
Offer Requiem
For Mother
Of Two Priests
This applies equally in the do
main of Church-state relations as
in the political sphere.
Catholic leaders saw some mea
sure of reassurance in an an
nouncement that a leading Catholic
daily her.* which had been sup
pressed by the peronist regime last
December had been given permis
sion to resume publication. How
ever, other developments served to
intensify pessimism over the
Church's prospects in the future.
The newspaper is El Pueblo
which was forced to suspend last
December after it had criticized
the new divorce law and various
measures adopted by the govern
ment in its anti-Church campaign.
One of the disturbing develop
ments was a letter which Father
Ricardo Gonzelez Ardiles, a mis
sionary priest in the department of
Minas, Cordoba, sent to Army Min
ister Franklin Lucero, demanding
freedom in the discharge of his
spiritual ministry.
Father Gonzalez complained
that a police officer had ordered
him on July 7 two days after
President Peron had sounded his
call for pacification to stop
celebrating Mass at a mission sta
tion where he had been offering
the Sacrifice for the past eight
He disclosed that another mis
sionary priest, Father Antonio Az
nar, had meanwhile been arrested
by the police without any charge
being preferred against him.
In another development an edi
torial in a peronist publication was
viewed here as exemplifying the
still active opposition of many per
onist elements toward the Church.
editorial spoke of “recent
events promoted by exalted cler
ics,” and said the clergy “have
tried to remain in a position of
privilege, relying on the ignorance
of their fellows.”
Entitled ‘^Neither Drunk Nor
Asleep,” the editorial declared that
the Church is “a cycle that is near
ing its end,” and said that “neither
bad priests nor fanatics in purple
can change the course of events,
no matter what help they get.”
Th* magazine described peron
ism as "an eminently spiritual
movement," and said that Pres
ident Peron "does not need our
words of praise to continue firm
in th* fight."
The police reported that a group
of unidentified men had attacked
two policemen guarding the Cristo
Rey Church here and killed one of
them. There was no indication of
the motive of the attack.
Developments on the political
front have included a demand by
the opposition Radical Party for
the restoration of full constitution
al rights in Argentina, and the ab
olition of the decree which placed
the country in a state of internal
Most Powerful Weapon
In Battle for Peace
Is Prayer
Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year
Prelate Cites Laymen’s
Education Tax Burden
PHILADELPHIA (NC) Catholics in the United Sta
tes contribute over a billion dollars each year in taxes to the
public schools of the country, a sum which is only part of their
outright “gift” to public school education, it was stated here
by Archbishop John F. O’Hara,
Th? Archbishop said “th? Catho
lics of this country, by the con
struction and operation of their
own schools, are doing consider
ably more for th? public schools
than the Federal Government pro
poses to do” in a bill approved in
Washington by the House Educa
tion and Labor Committee
Archbishop O’Hara expressed his
views in a front page editorial in
The Catholic Standard and Times
weekly newspaper of the Philadel
phia archdiocese.
In an analysis of statistics re
leased by the Government, the
Archbishop, formerly president of
Notre Dame University, says it
seems clear that the expenditure
for Catholic school construction
last year amounted to $500,000,000.
SC., of Philadelphia.
paid to build Catholic schools and
the amount the Government saves
because there are Catholic school*
in the country—total $1,120,692,
“This is Contribution No. 1 of the
Catholics to the public schools of
the United States,” Archbishop
O’Hara asserts.
“Contribution No 2 is the local
tax paid by Catholics along with
their fellow-citizens.” He adds that
a conservative estimate of the pro
portion of Catholic children of the
United States enrolled in the pub
lic schools is 38 per cent for the
elementary schools and 60 per cent
for the high schools.
"Contribution No. 3," the Arch*
bishop soys, "is the state tex,
which, like the local tax, is paid
alike by Catholics and non-Cath
olics. It is the unused portion of
these two taxes," he points out,
representing the education ex
pense of 62 per cent of our ele
mentary school pupils and 40 per
cent of our high school students,
that makes up the gift of $1,120,*
692,000 to the public schools."
“Contribution No. 4 exists in Cal
ifornia, where in spite of a law to
the contrary, real estate taxes are
imposed on parochial schools.
“Contribution No. 4 for the rest
of the country (No. 5 for Cali
fornia) as proposed is the current
bill for federal aid to publie
“The bill approved by the Rouse
Committee,” Archbishop O’Hara
observes, “would set up a four-year
program of federal-state participa
tion, with federal grants of four
hundred million dollars a year on
a matching basis for the construc
tion of new schools.
“It would provide also for the
federal purchase of $750,000,000 in
school onds in districts which can
not sell bonds at a reasonable rate
of interest.
“A third provision would pledge
United States credit on a matching
basis for bond issues for existing
or newly created school building’
authorities. The Federal Govern
ment, of course, expects repay
ment on the bonds and due release
from credit obligations assumed
under the third provision.
"This is the substance of the
bill,” the Archbishop says. The
editorial stresses the fact that
measures of the bill proposed for
the benefit of public schools,
while they indicate generosity on
the part of th* Government, are
still less then what Catholics al
ready contribute to th* public
schools of tho country.
The acute problem is in the
South, according to Archbishop
O’Hara, where private schools are
fewer than in other areas of the
The small Catholic population
in that section makes a gift of
$56,466,000 to the public schools
for current operations but it
spreads thin over the more than
ten million pupils educated in tax
supported schools.
He suggests th* solution might
be found "in th* establishment
of an abundance of private
schools in which religion could
be taught without the violation
of conscience."
In such a solution, the Arch
bishop points out, there is elimi
nated the danger of Federal inter
ference in the local schools of our
nation which is inevitable if the
Government finances the schools.
Holy Father Lauds
Jesuits as They
Mark Anniversary
The loyal sons of St. Ignatius are
“helpers against the tempests
which threaten the Bark of Peter,*
His Holiness Pope Pius XH declar
ed in a letter marking the fourth
centenary of the death of the Jes
uit founder.
Writing to Father John B. Jans
sens, General of the Society, tha
Holy Father said he had received
news of the quadricentennial cele
bration with great joy and voiced
a wish that “it prove to be of great
profit not only to the sons of
Ignatius but to all the faithful.”
He also urged them to vitalize
the doctrines contained in St
Ignatius’ constitutions with ever
increasing fidelity. Thus, the Pope
said, the greater glory of God
would be accomplished, and the
Church, as in the past, might avail
herself of their strength.

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