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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Ever? Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to P. O. Rox 836 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15. Ohio Address all communications for publication to O. Rox 636 Columbus 16. Ohio Telephones: CA. 4-5195 CA. 4-5196 Price of The Cethohe Time* i» S* per year. All subscriptinn* stomild he presented to office through the Pastore of the parishes. Remittencee should be m»de peyeble to the Cetn hc Time*. Anonymous mmmunie*tK»n« will be disi-egsrded. We do not hold ourselves responsible for eny views sr opinion* expressed in the communications of our correspondent*. Entered a* Second Class Matter at Poet Office, ColiHpteue Ohio. St. Francis da Sale*. Patron of th* Cathobe Pre**. Pray for u* I ___ _______ TtusPaper Printed hy Union Labor Putting llw Blame Where II Belongs A magazine a little more than two years old, selling for 25 cents, issued every other month, has climbed to a new circulation high of perhaps four million (as it claims) it is certainly the best seller nn the newsstands. Already, on 1 ose same new sstands, it outshadows Readers Dipest. Whv is it pardon the expression so dis tinguished' For accuracy' News coverage' Policy? Style or excellent editing' Alas, for none of the characteristics that usually go to make up journal istic repute and financial returns. In fact is is not fi*ttnpuuhed at all. Notorious is th* word. It is often wildly inaccurate, uses irrespon sible rumors, collects “information” from private detectives, paid gossip mongers, bell hops and worse, and disseminates dangerous innuendoes and insin nations. It may occasionally offer one fact and then build up fancies without number* 1 upon it. Its style has been compared graphically to that nf the vulgar scrawls one sees sometimes on the walls of public places, the handiwork of morons. Only its editors are hy no means morons. One of them is an able ex Communist fired from the Hearst chain another has been living by hie shaip wits for quite some time, capitalizing on the sen sational and publishing a half dozen border line pulps. The success of these men is due in large part tn their knowledge of human nature of at least of human nature as it manifests itself in 1955. “What our readers want is fads, gossipy lads, that they don’t get elsewhere,” says its publisher. “Our readers like sex,” he continues “and we give them liberal hunches of it. A Chicago wholesaler concurs “If someone had fold me two years ago that we would sell the num ber nf magazines of the expose type I hat we have in Chicago this year 1 would have said that he was crazy.” And a dealer in Dallas adds that the low down magazines” are “selling the best of any on the newsstands.” Of course this rightly arouses one’s indigna tion. It would be easy to decry the evils of such literature: How it corrupts the heads and hearts, what it does to our youth, or to public morality or even to public taste It would he quite easy tn castigate publishers and distributors, whole sale and retail, who engage in this diabolical traf fic All this has been done many times hut a some what different aspect of this national a^iuse caught Our attention Publishers of filth it need not be added are not philanthropists’ They are not usually (save in the case of Commies in the business) interested in pushing special causes 'ITiey are out fnr the mighty dollar, and for nothing else. They either make money or fold up. They are supply ing the demand and following the oldest law of economics Thia, then, is the point that struck us. Blame them as much as you like, hut th not blame them alone. You may have heard the story of the so ciety matron who said of a dirty magazine: “I’ve read il from rover to cover and I think it ought tn he thrown out of the house She ought to know she and some millions nf others make these things possible This Is I hr Lord’s Dav Sundays Gospel brings an emphatic lesson on the proper observance of the Ixird’s Day, which was the Sabbath under the old dispensation and is now the Sunday. One of the Commandments nf God directs positively that the day is to be kept holy, and there were those who interpreted the Command ment most strictly it was Io a group of these ex tremists that Christ pqt the question, “Is it lawful to cure nn the Sabbath'" Not that the question was merely theoretical, for a man was present who had dropsy, and Christ was asking hi? hearers if they thought God would he offended if His day ere used to relieve the suffering man of his in firmity Receiving nn answer, the Savior settled the is •ue by performing a miracle which healed the man. And if any nf the lawyers and Pharisees were dis posed tn object He silenced them with a reminder that what He did was no more a violation of the Commandment than were some of their own prac tices “Which of you," He asked, shall have an ass nr an ox fall into a pit and will not immediately draw him up nn the Sabbath'” Thus He made it clear that He was not setting the Commandment aside, nr teaching any “liberal” interpretation nf it He said nn another occasion that He came “not In destroy the l-aw h.it tn fulfill it.” Rut Hr did reject the attaching nf unreasonable meanings tn the word “holy." The Church nf Christ today insists, as He did, that the Ix»rd s Dav must he kept holy, that because it is His day it must he set apart from the other days of the week that it must he devoted primarily to the worship of God, including the performance of charitable and other activities in His service that it must not be used for servile works, except such as are strictly necessary that it is not to be a day for money making, or any sort of self indulgence in which God is forgotten Christ's healing nf the dropsical man was, of course, an act nf mercy, giving glory tn Gnd, and thus entirely in keeping with the proper obseriance nf the Izud's Day, the example he cited nf permissible servile work the rescuing of an animal that had fallen into a pit comes plainly within the classification of “neces sary" The essential point is that the day belongs to God. designated in a special manner for the pro fession of man by the obedience and loyalty he owes his Creator and Redeemer: any way of spending Sun day that ignores nr violates its purpose is a public demonstration nf disobedience Vet this disobedience is not the worst feature of the “modern Sunday, in which a brief “token” attendance at dmne worship is followed by occu pation* «nd practices that are completely pagan and secular. The day ought tn he nne on which, freed from the cares and pursuits of our routine, harried lives, we draw refreshment and happiness through spending a few hours close to God St. Paul, in Sundays Epistle, gives us a hint of the spiritual richness we are losing hy making our Sundays so shallow and empty he propose* for our meditation the importance of having “Christ dwelling through faith n your hearts, sn that being rooted and grounded in love, you may be able to comprehend with 11 the Mints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, and to know Christ's love which rurpasses knowledge.” If Jacob had never received, if David had never sinned, if Solomon had never acted unwisely, and if Peter had not denied his Master ... it would he forthwith announced that Bible history is a fiction and not a fact.—L. T. Townsend, Bible and Nine teenth Century, (pp. 169-70). All human discoveries seem to he made only for the purpose of confirming more and more strongly the truths contained in the Holy Scriptures.—St. John Herschel (1792-1671. Von may find a nation without a king, without cities, without laws, w’ithout coins but a nation with out a temple, without prayers, without oaths, wihnut a God—no one has ever seen or ever shall see.— Plutarch (first century). T-et your charity extend to the whole earth, for it is over all the earth that the members of Christ's Rody are spread.—St. Augustine. Every problem drinker has trouble w’ith himself long before he has trouble w-ith liquor. Ralph A. Habas, Hom tn Live Without Drinking. Not by years hut bv disposition is wisdom ac quired Plautus 254 164 C. Trinummux. Just Among Ourselves Patting Comment Considered or Incomiderate A long railway journey, and a chance copy nf a Cross Word Puzzle Ronk. Here are the elements of scholarly review Have we forgotten all the odd. ments of vocabulary amassed in the hey-day of crosswording back in the late 1920's? How' do w« stand on the sun god in two letters, and the solar disc in four? Have we retained ready memory nf a Siamese coin? Do we know the weight of India? There was a time when crosswords were recom mended as things of positive educational value. Happily, such a recommendation never carries much weight (even that of India, with the plain, sane, ordinary mass of people. Only those bemused spec ialists who spend time in institutions of higher learning snatch at the word educational as an ex cuse for doing what they want to do such as attending great conventions in centers of intellect ual life, like Atlantic City, for instance. Even TV is recommended sometimes as an in strument of education and so it is, if you take education to mean any sort of influence exercised on emotions, mind, memory, or morals. Fagin in Oliver Twist, who trained boys to be pickpockets, was a notable educator. Unless you use an adjec tive like good or had with the noun education, that noun loses meaning it becomes a cloud-word, vaguely and deceivingly suggestive of value. It is like the unrelated comparatives used in advertising longer, milder, more satisfying. Milder that what? Prussic acid? Well, the crossword puzzles in this book of con temporary issue call back the dear old days of not so long ago. The same words that irritated father are presented for the vexation of junior. For ex ample, the definition "bitter vetch” appears with its w'hilom regularity, and sometimes the puzzle maker, tired, no doubt, and no wonder, sets down the single word "vetch." What is vetch any how? Work it out. and you find that it is a synonym for "era." Thus does education educate. Here you find the word “Balem”. It looks like a proper noun, but then all the words and defini tions in the list begin with a capital. So, not know ing what this “Balem” may be, you work around the word and finally key it into place it turns out to be "Para” or perhaps "para”, and, as the nld disputants used to say, redit difficultas, that is, the primal puzzlement bounces back at you. Harking hack to ers, that hitter vetch thing, which sounds too foul for further investigation, isn’t is a wonder that the puzzle-men do not vary their definition of this term? Efx could readily be defined as “favorite expressions of speakers and panelists or “three fourths of formerly” i ha, there’s a bit of subtlety!) or “the end of letters and answers, hut not of correspondence.” Er, w« find (in this same mine of erudite expression, the puzzle book) is the name of a Teutonic deity. And so we leave it. Ernie the sea-eagle is with us still, the hook attests, and so is old eri the silkworm. This same eri could leave his silk-weaving. nne supposes, and appear as “beginning and partial development of a city in northwest Pennsylvania or’submit to this direction: “one letter more and you have a seafar ing Norseman.” But only Ted Shane could be thus inconsiderate of the coccoon-guarded placidity of eri the spinner. The puzzle maker is not only prosaic and un imaginative in his definitions. He is often dully unfair, and he is frequently misinformed. It is hardly cricket to give the infinitive to embalm when the answering word is the noun mummy. Or does the puzzle-man consider that to mummy is a satis factory synonym for to mummify? It is plainly a mistake to put wit in the word list and expect humor in the keyed blocks. And vice versa. Nor may one righly define art by science. and science hy art. Vet those educators, the puzzle-makers, do these things regularly. Is it fait Io work in Scottish expressions and words, or French summers, or Latin conjunctions? Is it reasonable to expect the puzzle-solver to know that oo Is a bird, or that aa means lava, or that tt is a kind of shot? Why should a normal person seeking mild divei tisement be expected to know that taa is a Chinese pagoda, and that a Turkish regiment is known as a/ni’ Is the spirit pleased or the mind enriched by knowing or recognizing such random and inconsequential words as these? These, we hold, are mere irritants, unfair, unjusti fied These things do not make a bard puzzle, but a poor puzzle. It is too much, perhaps, to expect the puzzle men to indicate parts of speech for us. Yet it is dis tressing tn riffle vainly through mental files in search of a word for record (hook? list? notes? ledger? disc? history? account') and then find that the word record has the proper accent on the last syllable, and is a verb. Even when a word is known as a noun or verb, there are sufficient difficulties in finding the required equivalent to fit into the little squares. Take the word switch, for instance, as a noun. It may mean false hair it may mean an electric (or must one say electronic’) gadget it may mean the fork of a railway it may mean merely a change it may mean a flexible bit of willow or hickory once ardently applied in the pro cesses of early education. Or consider the word conductor. It may mean a railway official it may mean a man who leads an orchestra or a group of tourists it may mean a substance, that can carry an electrical current. The solver of puzzles is m^ant to cope with diffi culties such as these Rut it seems out of line tn expert him tn grapple with the troubles that come of nnt knowing what part nf speech hr is working with. WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON The confer ence of Foreign Ministers to be held at Geneva in October is building up into a meeting of ex traordinary importance and in terest. Accustomed to high-level talks with communists that produced no results, Americans might have looked upon the forthcom ing Geneva conference with con siderable lack of interest, ex cept for these facts: It will present the Reds with their first opportunity to show that the smiles they put on at the ‘summit” conference recent ly held in Geneva are not fraud ulent. It is believed here that Moscow did not expect to be “called” so soon on its show of goodwill. But it'is felt that Mos cow must do something next month or lose some of what it hoped to gain. It will come at a time when the United States is about to embark upon a national election campaign. What happens at Ge next will surely he subjected to some vigorous debate round this country. It will either be the first of a series of meetings held at rela tively brief intervals and giving some hope for peace, or it will be the last of such meetings for a considerable period and con demn the world to “cold war” for a long time. MONSIGNOR HIGGINS The July 25 release of this column was an open letter to a number of correspondents who had recently accused us of being pro-labor in the bad sense of the word. We tried to make it clear in our reply that, while we are admittedly pro-union in the traditional Catholic sense of the word, we are not biased in favor of organized labor or blind to its faults or prejudiced against employers. At least one diocesan news paper saw fit to endorse our po sition editorially, but some of our readers still have their fin ger.. crossed. One of them says in a recent letter that we are “a watchdog for a group ... I might even say a counsel for the defendant and therefore cannot even hint that they might be a wee bit guilty.” He will not be convinced of our open minded ness or objectivity unless and until we “admit in specific cases that labor leaders are wrong For whatever good it may ac complish, we are happy to oblige our correspondent by taking up in the present column a recent case already widely reported and discussed, in which some labor leaders were definitely and hypo critically in the wrong. “Case Dismissed" on T-H Ground* The case involved a sub-divi sion of the Teamsters’ Union in Portland, Oregon. A number of people who work at the Portland office of the Teamsters’ Union expressed a desire to join the Of fice Employees’ Union In eynical violation nf their own principles, the official* nf the Teamster* :«5e- Reds Smiles to Be Tested Soon Many warnings have been sounded here and abroad that the communists, in putting on the sipile, are only adopting a new' tactic. Their objective is the same as it has alw'ays been— world domination by commun ism—and their dedication to its achievement just as great. The top Reds, although they were much more pleasant in aspect than were Stalin and 1-enin, con ceded nothing to the W'est at the recent "summit” meeting, it was pointed out. The Administration here has indicated that it is aware of this fact. President Eisenhower has said that the purpose of the “summjt” meeting he took part in at Geneva was to establish a spirit of goodwill with which it was hoped world problems could be approached. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles has said the forthcoming Foreign Ministers’ meeting will put thia new spirit to the test. Administration spokesmen have indicated some of the things Soviet Russia can do to show its goodwill. These include Termination of the unnatural division of Germany and agree ment to free elections in that country agreement to an ade quatp inspection system to per mit a slow down in the arma ments race removal of barbed Emphasis on Labor's Duties successfully opposed this move. Eventually, the case was brought Jo the attention of the National ]abor Relations Board, which is charged with the responsibility of protecting the right of work ers to organize into unions of their own choosing. An examin er /or the NLRB found the Team sters’ Union guilty of unfair la bor practices but the Board it self, hy a vote of 3-2 dismissed the case. The two dissenting members of the Board said that the union had “run the entire gamut of employer unfair labor practices” in attempting to thwart the ef forts of its employees to organ ize a union. The majority of the Board did not deny that the un ion had done these things, nor did they say—as accused by the Wall Street Journal that “it was all right for the union to them.” Their ruling was based on a technicality and had nothing to do with the findings of the NLRB examiner. The majority dismissed the case solely on the grounds that the Taft-Hartley act. which the Board adminis ters, does not apply to non profit organizations such as unions. This may or may not be an ac curate interpretation of the law as it now stands. The issue will have to be decided eventually by the courts. If the courts uphold the opinion of the majority of the Board, the labor movement ought to ask the Congress to amend the law immediately in such a way as to provide un equivocally for the universal cov erage of all employees of labor organizations. Meanwhile (he la bor movement ought to use every available means to force the Teamsters’ Union into line re gardless ef legal techmcalitie*. Dirty Linen This will be a good te*t ef the wire, land mines and machine guns which make up the Iron Curtain in middle Europe end the colonial status imposed upon communist satellites break up the network of communist sub version and espionage which the Reds have extended round the world. Even the most sanguine would hardly expect all of those things to be accomplished at the ap proaching meeting. It is not too much to expect, however, that something will be done about Germany. As a matter of fact, what the Soviet Union is wilting to do about the unification of Germany and the holding of free elections in that country could well be the measure of the Ge neva meeting’s success. Moscow has adopted the smile, it is believed, because it was no longer getting anywhere with the frown and the fist. Through a more pleasing demeanor, it is felt, she expects to throw' the West off guard, lead the west ern nations to relax their vigi lance aitd their defenses, and possibly to get them to differ among themselves. It is conceded that all of these things could very well happen, given time. Perhaps it is a for tunate thing that Russia is call ed upon so soon to prove her new look. integrity of the labor movement and. more specifically, of the labor press. The fact that unin formed or unscrupulous critics of labor have exaggerated its faults for their own anti-union purposes can no longer be cited as an excuse for labor’s failure to wash its dirty linen, and to wash it in public if necessary. And over and above the prob lem of dirty linen—racketeer ing. racial discrimination, juris dictional squabbling, etc.—there is the even more important prob lem of labor’s being too sensitive to legitimate criticism of its own policies too prone to exagger ate the merits of its own case and to magnify the faults of the opposition. This lack of matur ity is particularly evident in some of labor’s periodicals, which do not even pretend to give both sides of controversial questions. In this respect, the labor press is no different from the official press of many influential busi ness organizations. But two wrongs don't make a right. The time has come for both groups —unions and employers’ associ ations—to make a good examina tion of conscience and to amend their ways accordingly. No Sacrod Cows Neither group is a sacred cow neither can expect to be immune from criticism. They are both an swerable, not only to their own constituents but to the general public as well. They are both living in glass houses conse quently, they ought to stop throwing stones at one another in the form of partisan propa ganda. Or, to put it another way, they ought to Mart thinking more about their duties and less about their rights. Fnr the surest way to forfeit the latter is to neglect to fulfill the former. Inquiry Corner Lather Healey Q. If usury is immoral how can Catholics work for organi zations which charge interest— especially the high rate of in terest which is charged by cer tain loan companies? A. Usury is a word that has two different usages "lending money for interest” and “an ex orbitant rate of interest.” The second is forbidden by civil law' as well as by moral law. Gener ally speaking the civil law estab lishes the just rate of interest, for circumstances are different in our involved financial situa tion than they were in an agri cultural society (e.g. in the Mid dle Ages). While there could be sinful complicity in encouraging people to incur debts which they w'ill be pressed or unable to pay it would not seem to be sinful usury for a Catholic to work for any organization which abides by the legal interest rates. Some loan companies undoubtedly vio late the civil and moral law in this regard and some others may violate the Christian code of so cial justice, but we cannot call any charging of interest immor al. Q. Who was St. Bridget? A. St. Brigid of Ireland was horn in 451 and died February 1, 525, in Kildare. She w'as the daughter of an Irish chieftain of Leinster she founded two monastic institutions in Kildare and in the “Book of Armagh” there is mention of her great friendship with St. Patrick. She is one of the patron saints of Ireland. St. Bridget of Sweden (died in 1373) A.D.) was the wife of a prince of Sweden and was the mother of eight children, one of whom became a saint. Af ter the death of her husband she devoted her life to penance and contemplation and she is famous for the extraordinary graces she received and for the “Revela tions” on the Passion of Christ which she w'rote. St. Brigid of Kildare’s feast day is February 1, St. Bridget of Sweden’s on October 8. Q. Will married people be re united in heaven? What if a widow marries with whom will she he united in heaven? A. In heaven we will enjoy the company of all blessed in addition to the beatific vision (or we might say as part of the vision of God ’face to face’). It seems likely that we shall be especially happy in the company of members of our family, RICHARD PATTEE Arab Refugees BEIRUT—On the way back from a day spent with the new ly designated Patriarch of the Lebanese Maronites, about 20 miles from Bei rut, I visited two of the a ps estab 1 i s e o.r Arabs who were forced to leave Palestine when the state of Israel came into being aft er the termina tion of the Brit ish mandate. Father Fran cis Kennedy from the United States, in charge of the Pontifical Mission in this country, took me there to see firsthand what is being done in Lebanon to care for the home less and displaced under the re sponsibility of the United Na tions. It is a moving and depress ing sight. Permanent Stagnation I-ebanon has not received very large number of these un fortunates in view of its own smallness and the impossibility for it to absorb a hundred thou sand refugees into its economy. The result is a sort of perman ent stagnation, in which families by the dozens are doomed to look forward to an endless future in which there is little hope and not much more than existence on the basis of an international dole. In the beginning, Father Ken nedy indicated, it was especially urgent to separate Christians from Moslems since some ten per cent of the refugees were of the Christian faith—almost all Ca olic. Once this had been accom plished, the next job was to set up something in the way of liv ing quarters. One of the two camps I saw was an assortment of shacks in which families live under condi tions of the greatest misery. The other was a new and per manent construction in which Concrete homes, with a chapel and school are being erected. Land was ceded by a community of Maronite religious and, with international aid, a village is be ing built to care for the refu gees. From the physical point of view their situation will have im proved vastly in the new quar ters, although the moral implica tions still remain namely, that the more permanent and decent the homes are. the more certain it is that they will remain her® indefinitely. Horn* It Palestine It is a hard fact, about which far too little has been said in eur country, that these refugees •re here and in Syria and nr daa. »a well a* in the Gaae strip. friends and others whom knew- and loved on earth. Christ clearly answered the question about marriage w'hen the Sad duccees presented as an objec tion to the resurrection problem of a w'idow' who re married and w'ould then have more than one husband in heaven. He said: “The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage but they that shall be accounted worthy of that world, and of the resurrec tion from the dead, shall neither be married, nor take wives.” (Luke 20:27-35) Q. A fo e classmate rd mine (in a Catholic high school) has just married a divorced woman. I've been wondering what my attitude should he when we meet: should 1 re proach him or ignore the sin’ A, You should not ignore, the sin. You should pray for him, and, at least by your attitude show him that you do not ap prove. (Matthew 18:15-17) Any thing you do should be directed toward his conversion and the correction of the sinful marri age situation, but your own prudence will have to dictate the best means. Sometimes a blunt reminder of his duty to God and to his own soul will move a man to repentance, but with some others it will make them resentful and hardened in sin. If you can get him to talk with the pastor or perhaps a priest from the school you and he attended you might ac complish something. A true friend will not be satisfied to leave his friend in such a sad state, but the ultimate solution rests wih him and his response to God’s grace. Q. When is the feast of St. Bernard? What is he famous for? A. August 20th in the least of St. Bernard of Clairvaux. He was a man of many talents, hut is best know'n for his leadership in the (then) new Cistercian Order and for his preaching in behalf of the Crusades. His writings earned for him the title Doctor of the Church and he is general ly considered to be the last of the Fathers of the Church, He died in 1153. A.D. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey, Inquiry Corner. The Catholic Times, Rox 636. Co lumbus (16) Ohio, because they were cast nut their homes in Palestine at the time Israel was created. The argument is sometimes advanced that this is all very well, hut that the best thing would be for the Palestinians to make the best of the mess and settle in any on® af the Arab countries where there is space and a chance for the future. There are various difficult ie« confronting such a solution. The first is that many left their hones assuming that they would return and since they have lived in Palestine for centuries, no other place is home. It i* as though a resident of Baltimore were tossed out of his home and after spending years in a camp in, let us say, Scotland, was told he could go to some other Eng lish-speaking country such aa British Honduras and live there. Such a step might be theoret ically possible, but the Palestin ian-especially the Palestinian Christian—has not even a remot® desire tfl try to settle in Yemen or Saudi Arabia where the at mosphere and outlook are totally different from anything he ha* ever known. The most forceful argument is that these Palestin ians want to go home. And horn® is Palestine, and no other place. Doomed to Exist on Charity The Lebanese government ha* received many of these refugees. So re can work in jobs that do not require an official labor per mit. Bu* l^banon is made up of a delicately balanced assortment of religious groups. The influx of thousands of Palestinians, either Christians or Moslems, can very easily upset this equilibrium which is the basis of the polit ical divisions of the nation. Moreover, the existence of the refugee problem is a standing argument for Arabs with respect to injustice they allege was com mitted against them in turning Palestine over to Israel. If the problem disappeared, it would be tacit acceptance of the exist ence of Israel—an attitude which the Arabs are not at all disposed to take. If one looks to the future there seems little in the way of hope for these forlorn thou sands—wards now of the U.N, and destined to live and die un der conditions not op their own choosing. One cannot but feel a profound sense of pity and com passion for these unfortunafps who run the risk of becoming (he forgotten of this world. It i* to be hoped that, even in a world made callous by misery and calamity, there is still a place in the hearts of men from which a ray of hope can come to these thousands, who have been eject ed from their ancestral land and doomed to exist nn th® chanty of the United Nation*.