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A Good Catholic
Is a Well- Informed Catholic Vol. IV, No. 51 The occasion marked the first time that the Cardinal, who is 75, and has been ailing for a long time, went on the air since Peron initiated his anti-Church campaign last November by ac cusing some Bishops and priests of “plotting” against the state. The Cardinal’s appeal was heard after jubilant anti-peronist demon strators had heard a statement by Peron declaring that “if my spirit as a fighter impels me to the fight (against the insurgents), my Father Claiborne Lafferty law for seven years in Little Rock, Ark., before answering the call to the priesthood. Ordained in Rome in 1935, he received his degree in theology from the Gregorian University in Rome. He took his graduate stud Upon his roloaso, Father Gor don telephoned his brothor, Wil liam F. Gordon, of 2317 Wood ward Ave,, to toll him that ho wjs wall and safe and that ho hoped to leave for the United States within a few days. In Columbus, the veteran mis sionary also will visit his two sis mi Cardinal Calls on Argentines To Work for Peace as Peron Resigns 9-Year Dictatorship BUENOS AIRES (NC) Argentine Catholics were urged to work for peace in their country in the wake of President Juan D. Peron’s forced resignation after a nine-year dicta torial rule marked by the suppression of constitutional freedoms. The call came from His Eminence Santiago Luis Cardina Copello, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, who spoke over the state! radio after a military junta had been named to negotiate with in surgent leaders who had raised the standard of revolt tn strategic cen ters throughout the provinces. “In the name of Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace, Who is dominant in the hearts of the Argentines.” Cardinal Copello declared, “we ask that all sectors, take attitudes that may be necessary to attain peace and fraternal union for the welfare of the people and the glory of the fatherland.” patriotism and my love for the people induce me to resign.” The President's statement was broadcast by his chief of the “Com mand of Repression,” General Franklin Lucero, who also tender ed his own “irrevocable” resigna tion as Minister of the Army. There were many conflicting re ports meanwhile as to the where abouts of the ousted chief execu tive who weeks earlier had made what was obviously a spurious of fer to resign, since it was immedi ately followed by a mass demon stration of loyalty by the General Confederation of Labor, long one of his main pillars of support The new army government took measures to tighten their control on the capital after reports that leaders of the peronist labor organ ization were planning to call a general strike in support of Peron. It was recalled that such a strike was staged in 1945 to restore the Presidetn to power after a malitary clique had jailed him. Coming almost throe months Seminary Professor to Speak At Annual DCCW Meet Oet. 11 Father Claiborne Lafferty, professor at St. John’s Home Missions Seminary, Little Rock. Ark. will speak at the tenth annual convention of the Columbus Diocesan Council of Catho lic Women Oct. 11. Father Lafferty will address the group on the topic, “The Pope and His People.” at the evening banquet in the Neil House. A graduate of Georgetown Uni versity, he became a member of the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States and practiced ies in canon law at Atheneum. earning the degree of Doctor of Laws (canon and civil). The first American to occupy a chair at the Lateran Univer sity, Father Lafferty has lived in Rome as a layman, seminarian, priest, graduate student and pro fessor. At present he divides his year between lecturing in the Lateran's Pontifical Atheneum of Both Laws and duties in his home diocese, where he was for merly Officials of the diocese and is now a professor in St, John's Seminary. Father Lafferty knows Rome as a Roman knows it, but sees it and describes it as an American. With a hundred personalized details he allows the listener to draw close to Pope Pius XII as he really is— a wonderfully likeable person as W’ell as a world figure. He passes on to others the ef fect of living in familiar day-to day contact with the men who live around the Pope and carry out his wishes In the governing of the Church. He takes his au dience on a conducted tour of the Vatican. During the Holy Year he was di rector of the special office for pil grims set up by the North Amer ican College in Rome. In this ca pacity he arranged audiences with the Pope for 82,000 Americans. Fr. Gordon, One of 3 Priests Freed by Reds, to Visit Here if Fr. Frederick Gordon Fr. Joseph Hyde IC Father Frederick A. Gordon, OP., freed Saturday by the Chinese Reds, is expected to visit relatives in Columbus within the next several weeks. The 57-year-old Dominican, who has served since 1926 as a missionary in China, was one of three American priests released by the Communists as a result of the ambassadorial talks at Geneva Freed at the same time were Father Joseph E. Hyde of Lowell, Mass and Father James G. Joyce of Clinton. Mass. All three studied for the priesthood at St. Joseph Priory, Somerset. ters, Sister Virginia, OJ*., vicar general of St. Mary of the Springs, and Sister Mary Edmund. O.P., of St. Francis School, and two nieces. Sister Miriam, O.P., principal of St. Gabriel’s School, and Sister Mary Frederick, OJ5., of Holy Spirit School. Sunday's phone call from Hong Kong Was only the third time since August, 1953. that relatives had heard from Father Gordon. He was allowed to write only two letters during that period. In the last to the day after the abortive re volt on June 16, the new upris ing served to point up Peron's failure to live up to the promises he had made to restore the con stitutional liberties his regime had so long denied. In the eyes of most anti-peron ists, the rebels had taken up arms against injustices and abuses in the political and economic fields. Another factor in the struggle was the relentless campaign which the Peron regime had waged against the Catholic Church in an effort to weaken its prestige and influence in a country which is more than -90 per cent Catholic. Many of the insurgent army leaders are loyal and practising Catholics, who have more than once made it clear that they op posed Peron's anti-religious mea sures. Anti Peron sentiment had grown steadily among the mass of Cath olic citizens since the looting and burning of Catholic churches by peronist mobs in the wake of the June revolt. Nor had they forgot ten the burning of the national flag by peronist agents who had hoped to foist the blame on Catho lics, Prayer for Peace Tn answer to many requests, the Times is printing below a copy of the “Prayer for Peace” said af ter all Low Masses. It is suggest ed that the prayer be clipped from the paper and placed in a prayer book for future use PRAYER FOR PEACE Almighty and Eternal Fa ther, God of wisdom and mer cy, Whose power exceeds all force of arms and Whose pro tection is the strong defense of all who trust in Thee. I enlighten and direct, we beseech Thee, those who bear the heavy responsibility of government throughout the world in these days of stress and trial. Grant them the strength to stand firm for what is right I and the skill to dispel the fears that fo ment discord I inspire them to be mindful of the horrors of atomic war for victor and vanquished alike, to seek conciliation in truth and patience, to see in ev ery man a brother I that the people of all nations may, I in our day, I enjoy the blessings of a just and lasting peace. Conscious 'of our own unworthi ness. I we implore Thy mercy on a sinful world in the name of Thy Divine Son, the Prince of Peace, and through the intercession of His Blessed Mother and all the saints. Queen of All Saints, pray for us. Queen of the Holy Rosary, pray for us. Queen of Peace, pray for us Imprimatur: Michael J. Ready Bishop of Columbus Fh. James Joyce letter, which arrived six weeks ago, Father Gordon gave no indication that he knew' he was about to be freed. Describing treatment at the hands of the Communists during his 25 months of “house arrest," Father Gordon told newsmen Sunday that he was confined to a room 10 foot square in the servants' quarters of a church compound. During the last two months, the Reds allowed him to (Continued on Page 2) 1 he Kolic Times eftt.mBUS 10 _____________________________ Columbui 16, Ohio, Friday, Saptombar 23,1955 Britain* Feel Russians Gain By ‘New Look’ LONDON (NC) British Catholics are anxiously watch ing the wholesale resurrection, backed by infectious propagan da, of the Red Haze which be fogged the West into surrend ering East Europe into com munism Russia, as 1945 ally in the vic tory against Hitler, used its tern porary popularity disastrously It took every advantage of its posi tion to subjugate a large portion of the Christian world and to strengthen its position everywhere Today many Catholics feel Russia is trying to repeat that success with its most skillful move since the war. As far as Britain is concerned, Moscow's latost triumph is th* London Government's formal in vitation to Marshal Bulganin and communist chief Nikita Krus chev to visit this country early next year. The communist leaders, as Tito before them, will receive every honor as heads of state They will be officially received by the Queen, the Government and no doubt by the Protestant State Church. An instance of the growth of I »-Russian feeling, many people feel, took place at Blackpool, main vacation outlet on the Lancashire coast for the booming industrial north Jacob Malik. Soviet Ambass ador in London turned the switch that lighted the annual autumnal display of electric illuminations He was standing under a big Red Flag before the cameras of the national television network. Ham mer and sickle emblems were sprinkled liberally in the miles of lighting along the floodlighted coast. -----------------o----------------- ather C. A. Curran To Teach at Loyola U. in Chicago Father Charles A. Curran, for mer professor of psychology at St. Charles Seminary, has accepted a full professorship in the Depart ment of Psychology at Loyola Uni versity, Chicago. Father Curran recently com pleted a year of teachhM at the University of Louvain, Belgium. He was president of the American Catholic Psychological Association in 1953-54. Author of several books on coun selling, Father Curran was a mem ber of the faculty at St. Charles Seminary from 1941 until 1954 when he was granted a year’s leave-of-absence to teach at Lou vain. He received his master’s degree and his doctorate in psychology at Ohio State University, and has done research work at the Univer sity of Toronto and at Catholic University. Father Curran was ordained by the late Bishop Hartley in March. 1939. Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani took office after thp suicide of President Getulio Vargas on Aug 24. 1954. Catholic voters meanwhile have been asked by His Eminence Jaime Cardinal de Barros Camara, Arch bishop of Rio de Janeiro, to offer special pre election prayers for “peace and understanding” among all citizens in the present critical situation. In a circular letter addressed to the diocesan and regular clergy, the Cardinal said there is no secret about the “darkness and confusion of the current political-social at mosphere,” although, fortunately, conditions had not yet become alarming or desperate. “As Brazilians and Catholics,” he added, “we have the obligation of contributing our share to public tranquility. And since prayer is one of the means we all have to obtain from God the grace of peace and harmony among citizens, we urge that prayers for this intention be offered in all parish churches »nd convents.” The names of four presidential candidates will appear on the bal lots in what is expected to be the biggest turn out of voters in Bra zil’s history. Until now voting has been the privilege of citizens of 18 and over, but it now is a mat ter of compulsion. Signed by Pres- U.S. Europe Relations Should Have Spiritual Basis, Pontiff Declares ROME (NC) True collaboration between Europe and America should be founded upon spiritual values and be guid ed oy Christian truths, His Holiness Pope Pius XII told the Congress of European-American Associations. The Holy Father stressed that collaboration requires a more sol id basis than exchange of informa tion, merely intellectual under standing, or a desire to obtain ma terial advantages. He urged the delegates to stimu late those influences that promote the moral and spiritual progress Requiem Offered For Sr, Olinda, 87 Monsignor William E. Kappes, chaplain of St. Vincent Orphanage, offered a Requiem Mass Monday in the chapel at the institution for Sister M. Olinda, O.S.F., 87. who died Saturday. An invalid for the past ten years. Sister Olinda had previously served as a nurse at the orphanage where she was stationed for 35 years. She was born in Germany in 1868 and came to this country shortly after taking her final vows in 1892 Upon her arrival in this country. Sister Olinda was first stationed at St. Vincent’s. A short time later she was sent to St. Joseph Hospital, Alliance, Nebr., where she studied for an RN degree. She worked at St. Jos eph’s and at Sacred Heart Hos pital, Minot, N.D., for many years before returning to St. Vincent’s. She is survived by a nephew, Bernard Bogert, in Germany. of Western peoples and keep West ern civilization from declining into materialism. Discussing American postwar aid to Europe, the Pope said “we should like to believe that these measures beyond their eco-, nomic significance and beyond th* eloquent testimony of inter national solidarity that they have furnished will prepare for the unfolding of a higher conception of men and human society." Pointing out the need to base genuine collaboration upon moral and spiritual principles, Pope Pius said “the civilization of Western peoples cannot decline into a ma terialism that at least implicitly finds its ideal in the enjoyment of the comforts of existence. On the contrary it must dedicate itself to liberating spiritual values which are so bitterly opposed many modern institutions.” “Certainly there are not lacking on both sides of the Atlantic men anxious to meet as faithfully as possible the demands of their con science and to let justice and char ity reign in their own surround ings. It is they who must act, and we believe that basic Christian truths constitute the force best capable of furnishing theoretical principles and practical means for (Continued on Page 2) U.S. Apostolic Delegate Notes Golden Jubilee of Ordination Sound Rule, End of Corruption Main Issues in Brazilian Election RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil (NC) The preservation of democratic rule and an end to the political corruption of the past 25 years are the biggest issues at stake in Brazil’s com ing presidential election. On October 3. the voters of this country, which has more Catholics than any other na tion in the world, will choose a successor to Joao Cafe Filho. former Vice President, who ident Cafe, last month is a law— one of the most drastic of its kind in the western hemisphere—which imposes severe penalties on vot ers who dodge their responsibili ties. Th* fevered candidate, both th* eyes of Catholics and th* Army It was th* Army which forced President Vargas to re sign, in protest against his ty rannical and demagogic rule—is General Juarez Tavora, 56, who is described as "a 100 per cent practising Catholic" and a man of unimpeachable moral charac ter. General Tavora heads the Move ment of National Renovation which is dedicated to ridding the coun try of political corruption. Its plat form includes the defense of the family, administrative reform, the strengthening of local government, and the “moralization” of public life. General Tavora took part in the bloodless coup last year which forced President Vargas to resign. General Tavora’s strongest op ponent appears to be Juscelino Kutitschek, 54, ex-governor of the state of Minas Geraes. who has the backing of the Brazilian Socialist Party, the Republican Party, and the Labor Party, to which Presi dent Vargas belonged. Of Czecho slovak origin, he has been charged with seeking to follow in the foot steps of the dead dictator. His fol lowing is said to include commun ists and prominent businessmen who grew rich under the nine-year DENNISON More than 700 members of Immaculate Conception parish participated in the 17th annual procession for peace that was conducted through the twin cities of Den nison and Urichsville, Sunday, Sept- 11. The procession, which was form ed following a Solemn Mass offer ed in Immaculate Conception But the Holy Father also trace' Archbishop Cicdgnani's varied service to the Church in other im portant offices before he came to the United States, and says: “Ever since you began to offer the Holy Sacrifice, you have been performing, with singular piety, prudence and ability, responsible tasks which have been of useful ness to the Church and this Apos tolice See.” Pope Pius mentions specially the phenomenal growth the Church has enjoyed in the United States during the time Archbishop Cicog nani has been the representative of the Holy Father in this country. “Twenty-two years ago, you wore elevated to the archiopis- Vargas regime. Informed sources have predicted that if Kutitschek wins the presi dency, the army—whose generals include some outstanding Catholics —may again step into the picture It is felt that if the Army could not tolerate the late President Ver gas. it could hardly put up with a revival of “Vargaism” in the per sons of two of his most aggressive supporters Kutitschek, and his running mate, Joas Goulart. The latter, another friend of President Peron. was allegedly chosen by President Vargas to put into ef fect a projected plan to create a workers’ republic in Brazil. -----------------o----------------- 27 to Be Ordained Deacons in Rites at The Josephinum Twenty-seven seminarians at the Pontifical College Josephinum will be raised to the diaconate in cere monies in the seminary chapel, Saturday morning. Auxiliary Bish op Hettinger of Columbus will pre side at the rites scheduled to take place at 8:45 a. m. The newly ordained deacons rep resent eight different states and upon completion of their studies will go to 17 dioceses. Three of them are members of the Pontifical Institute of Foreign Missions. In addition. 15 seminarians will receive the minor order of Ton cure. Twin-Cities Hold Annual Procession for Peace Th* 17th annual procession for peace was conducted lest week through th* twin cities of Den* niton and Urichsviltle with mor* than 700 members of Immaculate Conception perish taking part. Th* highlight of th* procession was th* float pictured above. Seated on th* float are, left to right, Rosemary Gardina, with attendants Margaret Green, Audrey Sidoti, Lillian Mangon and Carol Pilati. Members of th* color guard are, left to right, Paul Stratton, John Oliver, Robert Heil, Lester Car rothers, Herb Still and Joseph Armbruster. Church wound through the busi ness districts of both cities while participants sang hymns of praise to Our Lady and recited the Ros ary. The cross-bearer and acolytes led the procession followed by a color guard. Many religious and civic groups made up the proces sion including members of the al tar and Holy Name Societies, boy and girl scouts, the St Mary choir Moat Powerful Weapon In Battle for Peace Is Prayer -------------------------------------------4 Price Ton Confs $3.00 A Year WASHINGTON (NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII has untten to the Apostolic Delegate to the United States wishing him many mote years “abounding in merit.” The occasion of this special tribute is the 50th anniver* sary of ordination which His Excellency Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani observes today’ (Sept. 23 Nearly half of this half-century in the priesthood has been passed here in the United States, and the Holy Father takes cognizance of this in lauding the Delegate’s “helpful service to this Apostolic See and to Us” rendered in “that vast republic.” -______ __ ______ copal dignity and named Apos tolic Delegate to United State* of America," the Sovereign Pon tiff recalls to Archbishop Cicog nani. “Since then, you have, with great generosity, rendered help ful service to this Apostolic Seo and to us, working toward the happy increase of the Catholic faithful in that vast republic whore, within this space of time, 24 new dioceses and ten eccles iastical provinces have been es tablished. “You have likewise, by your opportune addresses and your printed works, and also by your support of the Bishops in their en deavors and by your interest in Bishop Offers Special Mass For Delegate Bishop Ready offered a Sol emn Mass in the chapel at St. Charles Seminary, Wednesday, commemorating the golden jubi lee of Archbishop Amleto Gio vanni Cicognani, Apostolic delegate t© the United States. The Mass was offered ee an expression of loyalty to tho representative of the Holy See in this country. their meetings, made no small con tribution to the spread of Christa teachings and to the promotion of the Catholic religion. “When war raged throughout th* world, you faithfully complied with. Our solicitude and Our wishes and, among other things, you devoted every attention to helping the un fortunate multitude of prisoners and to bringing some measure of relief of the peoples sorely af flicted with calamities and losses. “Gratefully calling to mind these principal merits of yours in the service of the Church, We heartily congratulate you, Vener able Brother, on having fulfilled your sacred office so long and so effectively, and We pray the good God. with His favor and kindness, to prosper and protect you for many years to come, years similar, ly abounding in merit.” Archbishop Cicognani planned to mark his day of jubilee quietly, except for a Mass of Thanksgiving to be celebrated in the morning and a dinner to be tendered the members of his staff in the eve ning Praises Clergy, Laity The Apostolic Delegate looked back upon nearly a quarter-century spent in this country and spoke words of high praise for its Bish ops. priests. Religious and laity. “I have been here a long time, sufficiently long to know the coun try extensively and its people,” the Archbishop said thoughtfully. His Excellency, who was ordained in his native Italy on September 23. 1905, came to this country as Apostolic Delegate in 1933 Asked about his recollections at this time, (Continued on Page 2) and school children. The Litany of the Blessed Virgin was printed on placards carried by members of the marching group. Mrs. Burl Putnam and Joseph Gar dim led the rosary from a seund car. The procession returned to the church where the statue of th* Virgin was crowned. Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament conclud ed the ceremonies.