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A Good Catholic
Is a Well- Informed Catholic Vol.V, No. 1 Columbus to Honor Its Famed Patron In Gala Celebration An elaborate Columbus Day program, urged by the Columbus Register as long as six years ago. is scheduled Wednesday in connection with the unveiling of a 20-foot ugh statue of the famed Italian explorer. Band concerts a parade ban quet, telp'i^ion program, ball and dedication of th* new statue at City Hall are among the high lights of the day, which is the 463rd anniversary of the found ing of the New World As in past years, all Catholic high and ele mentary school students will have a free day The unveiling of the stetue, e gift of the people of Genoa, It aly, will follow an 8:30 p.m. pa rade. Bishop Ready will offer ♦he dedication prayer Present for this celebration will be the vice mayor of Genoa. Italy, Di Giuseppe DeAndre as well as other dignitaries from the Italian embassy in Washington Guests at the ceremonies will be Elwyn Vanderhaar nl Hamilton, master of the fourth degree Knights of Columbus, and Henry Kondrat of Cleveland, the organi ration's state deputy Co-chairman of the city wide celebration are Edward Wag ner and S Spalla The parade, which will he rout ed on Broad St. from Fourth St to Central High School, will fea ture 15 floats and numerous mu ®ical units including the band from the Pontifical College Jose phinum. Four units of 50 mem bers, each representing four Knights of Columbus Councils in the city, also will march in the parade The Columbus Day banquet will be held at 6 p.m in the Neil House. The annual ball will be held there later after the statue dedication Also, following the dedication program, members of the Knights of Columbus will attend a ball at Council 400 headquarters Two Columbu* television sta ♦ions will carry the Family The ater's hour-long program on the life of Christopher Columbus within the next week. The pro gram is scheduled at 5 p.m. Sat urday on WLW-C, and at 9 p.m. Tuesday on WTVN, Financed by the Knights of Co- 2nd Polio Shots Scheduled Soon Second polio shots for the diocesan schools in the city of Columbus are to be given Oc tober 17 through 20th and on Monday. October 24th. The shots will be given only’ to those children who received the first free innoculation this nast spring in the city of Co lumbus (or elsewhere with rec ord in writing) Prior to second innocula tion, a new parental request form was sent home for the signature of parents desiring their children to have this in noculation. We remind par ents that they must return these request forms no later than Monday, October 10th w ft 0 r» re& 9 t. /Assisting in making final plans for the tenth annual convention of the Diocesan Coun cil of Catholic Women are the deanery and diocesan officers pictured above. Seated, left to right, are Mrs. Edward J. Miller, president of northern deanery Miss Nell Flautt, president of the central deanery Miss Josephine Roun Final plans are being laid for the tenth annual conven tion of the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women which will take place Tuesday, Oct. 11, at the Neil House. The day-long session will be gin officially at 9:00 a. m. at St. Joseph Cathedral when delegates will attend a Solemn Pontifical Mass celebrated by Bishop Ready. liimbus. the film depicts the prob lems and obstacle? encountered by Columbus in realizing his life long dream of trying tn find a new route to the Indies Despite royal indifference and personal hardships, his determination and unwavering faith in God finally triumphed and he set forth on his dramatic voyage of discovery Celebration of Column’s Day will not be confined to Cn,unibus Knights of Co! itfibus '1uncils throughout tpn ration Z.fr,plan ning parades, i »9io and Ir’^Jpsion program1 dec Ration of Values of the intrepid navigator, open houses, and in many places, con ferral of major degrees In Chi cago. for instance, there will be a huge parade Sunday, with thou sands of Knights from more than 80 Councils expected to partici pate The fact that other cities hold elaborate celebrations annually in order to pay tribute to Colum bus prompted the Columbus Keep ister on Oct 14. 1949. to scold Ohio s capital city for its “token observance" of the holiday Oct, 12, in Columbus, a front page editorial declared, "could easily be an event that would attract nationwide attention We could rival the Mardi Gras of New Orleans with our parades, floats, our wholeheart ed cooperation ." The editorial asked “Are we in Columbus going to wake up and pay tribute to our namesake in a manner that re flects well in our city, our state, our country?” Response was immediate and emphatic. Many readers wrote to civic officials urging that the biggest city in the world named after the explorer should, quite naturally, have the biggest celebration, The ed itorial and letters that followed' undoubtedly made the idea prominent in the minds of city officials at that time. This year's observance promises to be* the most colorful Oct. 12 program in Columbus history. (Continued on Page 2) Hungary Denies Religious Liberty WASHINGTON (NC) A Georgetown University profes sor said it was “totally untrue” that there is greater religious I freedom in Hungary now than in the days of the Austro-Hungar ian Empire Professor Tibor Kerekes. chair man of the History Department at the University, challenged re marks that Methodist Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam made on his re turn f.om a visit to Hungary Dr. Kerekes said that without doubt the Bishop had talked to a few hand-picked people who gave him information which he accepted at face value. Officers Readv Plans for DCCW Meet Ten workshops will be held during the day at the Neil House and each will carry out the theme "To Cast Fire on the Earth." The words are taken from Christ's message to His Apostles when He said, "I am come to cast fire upon the earth, and what will I but that it be kindled?" (St. Luke 12:49). The convention will close with To Fulfill a Deep Maryknoll Five years ago Mother General Mary Columba sum moned a pert, good-natured Maryknoll Sister to her office on Sunset Hill at Ossining. N. Y “We have decided.” Mother Co lumba -aid. that you would make a good doctor fnr th* missions Unless you have strong objections tn it, we want you to study medi cine.” Sister Maria Fidelis paused The decision meant extra hours of study and a switch in curricu lum at the College of Mt. St Vin cent in New York City long, tedi ous classwork at medical school, and postponement ot the mission assignment which she had been looking forward to since she grad uated from high school in 1945 “I have no objections,” smiled the young sister That conversation launched rri»r Maria Fidelis on a tough, iv year bout with the books, which in retrospect she describes as “good hard work but lots of fun.” Nou. she is Sister-Doctor” or “Dr Rieckelman” (whichever patients prefer), and is taking her internship at Mt Carmel Hospit al, Columbus, in preparation for medical work abroad A member of the nation's largest missionary sisterhood,’ the 28-year-old nun is tha twelfth Maryknoll Sister to be come a doctor. The physicians are members of a Maryknoll team of nurses, social workers, pharmacists, teachers, cate chists, artists, writers, domestic workers who seek to bring the world to Christ. At Mt St. Vincent’s, the nun scheduled a flock of pre-med courses in her senior year, and at tended a summer school session there in order to qualify for en trance to Marquette University’s College of Medicine At Marquette, all went smooth ly until Sister Maria Fidelis was injured in. an auto accident A severed nerve rendered her right arm and hand useless Normally tree, diocesan council treasurer. Standing are, left to right, Miss Veronica Basbagill, presi dent of the western deanery Mrs. Mary Torch iano, president of the southern deanery Mrs. Stephen Matesich, president of the eastern deanery, and Miss Jean, Fondriest, secretary of the diocesan council. Desire HONG KONG The mass arrests of more than 300 Catholic priests and laymen in Shanghai on September 8 were only a part of a stepped-up nationwide campaign against the Church by the Chinese Reds. In the past, foreign missionaries were the principal tar get of the communist attacks. Now their place has been taken by the native Chinese clergy. Soon after the Shanghai ar rests the Peking radio station announced that another large group of Catholics, including a priest, had been jailed for “count er-revolutionary activities.” Later Radio Peking warned that “if Chinese Catholics do not withdraw from the Legion of Mary and from all similar count er-revolutionary activities, they will be severely punished.” At the same time it was an nounced that police in Tsinan, Shantung, had uncovered an or ganization calling itself the “Chi na Democratic Party.” It was MK 1 «r a banquet at 7:00 at which Father Claiborne Lafferty, mem ber of the Bar, and the U.S. Su preme Court and first American to occupy the chair at the Later an University in Rome, Italy, will speak on the subject, “The Pope and His People.” Registration for the banquet may be made throughout the day of the convention until noon. The Wuholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, October 7,1955 Sister-Doctor’ Interns Here h«w persons aro busier than Sister Maria Fidelis, a Mary knoll nun, who is taking her internship at Mt, Carmel Hospital. In the picture above, the 28 year old Cincinnati-born Sister takes the blood pressure of a hospital patient. Sister's 18-hour day includes Mass, meditation, recitation of the Divine Office, and duties as a physician in various departments of the hos pital. She is the twelfth Marykno’l sister to become a full fledged doctor. right-handed. Sister Maria Fidelis had to draw pictures of carci noma cells and circulatory sys tems with her left hand For many months while she gradually regained the. use of her arm. she took oral examinations This temporary handicap caus ed the nun far more consterna tion in college than the curiositv and prejudice which some people have toward a woman doctor. Although there were only five women at Marquette in ♦he graduating class of 99 (and she was the only nun), Sister was conscious of no resentment on the part of her male class mates. “If there was any resentment,” she declared, “it was against the Native Religious Now Object Of Red China’s Persecution (NCWC News Service) claimed that this party was en gaged in “anti-revolutionary ac tivity” under the cloak of relig ion. The same day the radio an nounced the arrest of two lead ers of a Catholic organization in Shantung. It was said that the two had “ridiculed Communist Party officials»and sneered at the new society as being a hell on earth.” The radio stated that one of those arrested was Father Lu Yu in Chou of the Lintsing apos tolic prefecture. The following day Radio Pek ing announced the arrest of sev en persons who had “infiltrated Catholic organizations to carry on counter-revolutionary activi ties.” Four of these persons were said to have been arrested in Fu kien and three in Chekiang Not even carmelite nuns, who lead completely secluded lives, have been spared persecution at the hands of the Chinese com munists. Meanwhile. Archbishop Nicolas Fasolino of Santa Fe issued a pas toral letter stating that the peri od of tribulation through which the Church in Argentina had been passing since last November —when Peron started his anti Church campaign—had befti end ed by the liberation, and calling upon the faithful to offer up prayers of thanksgiving. The Archbishop urged prayers also for the souls of those who had died for freedom during the revolutions of June and Septem ber. girls They accepted me because I was a nun Sister also has served on the staff of the Veteran- Hospital at Wood. Wis. and took her extern ship at Children's Hospital in Milwaukee. Wis.. during her sen ior year in medical school. She has never regarded the patients’ attitude toward her unusual voca tion as a complicated problem When Sister performs hospital chores which are reserved only fbi doctors. «he make certain that, the patient know she is a physician She signs medical charts and records as Dr Rieckel man. her family name At Mt Carmel, Sister’s daily routine would tire a 60-minute (Continued on Page 2) This was the word brought here by Sister Therese, a native of New York City, who arrived tired and ill after a trying voyage from Shanghai. She had been the last American nun left in Red China. Afflicted with asthma, bron chitis, and arthritis, Sister The rese who is 61. said she had ap plied for an exit visa last Jan uary because she was in urgent need of medical attention Her request was denied, however Only after the Geneva agreement was signed was she permitted to leave the country together with 11 other American civilians against whom no formal charges had been made. She said that the Reds, for some unknown reason, tried ev ery possible means to have the Sisters “confess” i a in a y crimes. They seemed particular ly anxious to trick them into making accusations against the Mother Superior. Following the release of seven Catholic missionaries by the Chi nese communists earlier this month, there are new 39 foreign Catholic missioners left in Red China. These include two Bishops, 21 priests, a Brother and 15 nuns One bishop and 17 priests are imprisoned, the rest are technic ally “free.” Lonardi Reaffirms His Desire To Sign Concordat with Rome BUENOS AIRES (NC) Provisional President Ed uardo Lonardi reaffirmed here his personal desire to sign a concordat between Argentina and the -Holy See during 1 is term of office He tola a press conference that negotiations for a con cordat would begin as soon temporary government set up af ter the overthrow of former Pres ident Juan D. Peron has been completed. Replying to a question put by one of the reporters, the Pres ident declared: "I am a Cath olic and my political principles are fundamentally constituted by my love of legal order, de mocracy, and social justice." as the organization of the The new Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Dr. Mario Amadeo, has formally annulled a decree issued by the Peron regime dismissing Auxiliary Bishop Manuel Tato of Buenos Aires, and the Pro-Vicar of the Archdiocese, Msgr. Ramon Pab lo Novoa. The decree was is sued shortly before the June revolt, on the alleged grounds that the two prelates had pro voked anti-government demon strations. In the meantime. Federal Com missioner in the province of Men doza ordered the restoration of crucifixes in all the government offices and law courts from which they had been ordered withdrawn by the deposed regime. He said it was “the imperative duty of the revolutionary government to re store God’s image to its proper places.” "By uniting your efforts to preserve for your cities a just autonomy end the free exer cise nf the functions belonging to them, you contribute much toward strengthening public spirit end maintaining those permanent values of civiliza tion without which th» state unfailingly transforms itself into an instrument of oppres sion," the Pope declared. Despite cold rainy weather the Pontiff made a penal trip from his summer palace at Cas telgandolfo to give an audience to delegate^ attending the 12th Congress of the International Union of Cities and Local Author ities in Rome Fepre -ented at the Mass Procluction In Education Hit Bv Cardinal CHICAGO-(NO— Hu Emin ence Samuel Cardinal Stritch de nounced mais production in high er eduration an address a* the 25th anniversarv dinner of Mun delein College here Praising the work of smaller colleges the Cardinal Archbish op of Chicasn told an audience at the $25 a plate dinner in the Conrad Hilton Hotel that: “Where there is mas‘ produc tion in education there is no pre cision The most dangerous per son is the one who is seif edu cated. wearing his degree only as a badge and thinking only half-truths Pontiff Urges Cities To Devote Traditions To Unity of Nations VATICAN CITY (NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII has called on cities to de vote the treasure of their centuries-old cultural, artistic and religious traditions to serv ing the idea of closer relations among nations throughout the world, and especially in Europe He told mayors and representatives of many of thelworld’s principal cities in cluding seven in the United State —that even in the modern cen tralizpd state, the city remains the mother-cell of civilization congress were the following American cities Neu York. San Francisco, Trenton Milwaukee. Washington, DC St Louis and New Orleans An irresistible movement to day pushes nations toward unit ing in order better to assure their ‘ecurity or economic develop ment’’ the Pontiff said No na tion mav claim to remain in iso lation without incurring for itself serious risks of harming the com munity that expects it.« support It might be believed that cities have no reason to interfere in these problem1 which apparent ly are outside their competence This would, however be a mis take "In thia respect the social body resembles a living or ganism, and its health depends on the normal functioning ot ♦he cells composing it. If some of these cells are weakened, ♦hen ♦he whole body suffers, or at least a permanent dan ger for the future results." Pope Pius went on to stress the spiritual values which consti tute the soul of society and which arc essential for lasting collabor ation As examples he cited es teem for others and the desire to know help and make sacrific- es to them. The pope praised the growing movement in which cities in var ious countries, including those on (he nthe: side nf the Atlantic seek to establish close ties of friendship and tn promote cul tural exchange and mutual help when needed The Pope added Nothing prevents «uch rela tion-- from going beyond Euro pean limits Feelings of true af- Bishop Urges Support As UA Drive Begins The United Appeals campaign in Columbus and Frank lin County, which seeks to raise $2,951,261 by Oct. 31, was wholeheartedly endorsed this week by Bishop Ready The voluntary contributions of all citizens. Bishop Ready said in a letter to pastor ♦his week are “urgently needed” to meet the increasing demands made upon the relief and welfare agencie on our community Describing the fund drive as e "worthy appeal,” the bishop asked all clergy and laity in Franklin County "to assume their share of the burden in this important work of civic charity." He declared: “This will require a corps of volunteer workers cooperating in the united effort and the gener ous financial assistance from all our wage earners Another motive for taking part in this great community work." Bishop Ready said, “is the love of God and our fellowmen Our ideal in this service is found in the compassion nf Jesus Christ s love and care for His brethren The importance of the cam paign also was emphasized by Monsignor William E Kappes. di ocesan director of hospitals and charities. The 1954 fund drive, Monsignor Kappes declared, rais ed a total of $122,486 toward this year’s operating expenses of the Catholic Welfare Bureau. St Eu phrasia School, and St Stephen's Community House That amount, he continued, represented three-fourths of the annual budget of the Cath olic Welfare Bureau, provided one-half of the funds for opera tion of St. Euphrasia's School, and Was the sole support of St. Stephen's Community House. The Welfare Bureau he said, has participated in the drive since 1949. while St Euphrasia s and St Stephens have been aided by the campaign for more than two decades This year. Monsignoi Kappes said, the Welfare Bureau has ask ed United Appeals for $79,705 St Euphrasia seeks $26,550. and St Stephen's asks for $32,240 To tal amount requested is $138,495 In addition, he said. Catholic hospitals in Columbus receive about $9,000 a year from the drive. This amount is in pay ment for individual cases ac cepted by the UA fs their re sponsibility in keeping with the contract drawn up with the hos pitals. He continued: “A large number of our Cath olic people receive service from United Appeal agencies, such as the Visiting District Nurses who give the health examinations in the parish school. God man Guild Community House which has a large number nf Catholic partici pant'. and some of the day nurs eries.” Details of the United Appeal drive also were given this week in a letter to teachers and pas tors by Father Bennett Apple gate, diocesan superintendent of schools Envelopes will be distrib uted in all classrooms for student contributions. In all. 59 agencies in the city and county wall benefit. The drive is a combined campaign by Com munitv Chest agencies the Amer ican Fed Cross, the Cancer So ciety and the U S O. I Most Powerful Weapon In Battle for Peace Is Prayer Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year fection do not know political boundaries nor racial or cultural distinctions Christian charity has always ignored, and continues to ignore, such barriers, because charity perceives directly in 'each human being and each human group the presence of the same dignity and the same responsi bility before God the Creator. It sees them as members of the society.” Tha Holy Father discussed ♦ha functions of a mayor, who, ha said, cannot ba merely an executive organ of the state, but must truly represent the citizens, "understanding those not sharing his political opin ions, conscious of human prob lems as well as of legal require ments, and ready to defend in telligently the autonomy of the citizens he rules." Pope Pius reminded states td their obligation to help cities car ry out their tasks. He empha sized that the state profits from granting cities a large measure (Continued on Page 2) Drive Begun To Restore Proper Advent CINCINNATI, O (NC)— A move “to restore to Advent its true meaning” by sched uling Advent plays, instead of Christmas plays, in schools parishes and institutions has started in the Cincinnati Archdiocese The Archdiocesan Councils of Catholic Men and Women have suggested that Christmas func tions take place in the Christmas season that begins on December 25 The campaign was started with a letter sent to school principals, pastors and institution superin tendents. The letter was signed by the religious activities chair men of the two Councils and by their priest counselor. An Advent play script was en closed with the letter as a sample of a play appropriate to the na ture of the season. This year Advent season be gins on November 27. Embrac ing four weeks, if marks the be ginning of the ecclesiastical year in Western churches. Dur ing this time the faithful are admonished to prepare them selves worthily to celebrate the anniversary of the birth of Christ. The liturgy of the Church in this season makes continual ref erence to the event, for which it prepares by penitential observ ances. For example, in Advent the Te Deum is omitted from Ma tins and the “Gloria in excelsia” from the Mass "'Bless Vs, O Lord, And These Thy Gifts’ The concentrated efforts of many people are employ ed to make an effective School Lunch progrem. Pas tors, teachers, cooks, cafeteria helpers and government personnel will discuss the problems and new ideas and methods in school lunch programs at the annual School Lunch Workshop to be held Tuesday, Oct. 12, at St. Michael School. Pages seven and eight of this issue of THE CATHOLIC TIMES are devoted to the Workshop. A well planned program provides tasty and nutritious lunch es for youngsters like the two pictured above.