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CATHOLIC TIMES Friday. Oct. 14.1955 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to P. O. Rox 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Address all communications for publication to P. O. Rox 636 Columbus 16. Ohio Telephones: CA. 4-5195 CA 4-5196 Pnr* of Th* C»tholie Tim** U t*r »**r. AH .uhu-ription* uhould b« pr*«*nt»l to our of fie* through h* pa*tor» of th* parish**. Remittance* thnuld be mad* payabl* to th* Cath »)ie. Time*. Anonymous communication* will be dtsregard*d. We do not hold ourselvea responsible for any eiew* opinion* expre**ed in the communication* of our ’n-re*pondent*. Entered a* Second Cla»* Matter at Po*t Office. Columbae Ohio. St. Franrt* d* Sale*. Patron of th* Catholic Pre**. Pray for in I ____ This Paper Printed hy Union Labor Unemployment Compensation The coming local election packs a lot of in terest for an off-year. There are some issues involved which are of more than passing inter est to us all. The election of members to the new state school board, the bond issue for mental institutions and the vote on the proposed law to increase unemployment compensation bene fits, will all he on the November ballot. The proposel to change the compensation law opens up some very interesting possibilities in the field of legislation. The proposal was put on the hallot through an initiative petition which required the signatures of about 300,000 regis tered voters in the state. The petition was pnn rjpally sponsored by the CIO when that organi zation tell that the last legislature had not pro vided an adequate increase in benefits. The CIO also felt that a great many people throughout the slate were of the same opinion. The State of Ohio experienced something of the same situation in regard to a film censorship hill, in that an obstinate committee chairman was able to block what was clearly the will of the rest of the legislature and of the majority of the people. Initiative petition is an expensive and difficult nfethod in which to make the voice of the people effective, hut the framers of the gtatr constitution did give the people a way to secure laws they want when the legislature Itself shows too little concern for the desires of the people. The proposed changes would raise the max imum benefits from the present $33 to $5(1 a week, and minimum benefits from $10 to $15. At the same time, it would extend the possible pay ment period from 26 to 39 weeks. In addition, the changes would provide dependency allow ances of $3 a child for a maximum of three children. Unemployment compensation is a form of insurance. It is not a public charity or dole lor idle workers. It is paid from n special fund set up for the purpose into which employees pay at the rate nf sixty cents per $100.00 of payroll. Payment of benefits has nothing at all to do with the general tax revenue and any increase in the payments could not in any way cause an increase in property or other taxes The fund at present contains $600.0M).(FW) and the Tax Commissioner nt the State of Ohio estimates that if the present rate of unemployment does not change, the pro posed law would mean an increased yearly ex penditure from this fund of $47,000,000. The fund seems in no danger, nor would there wm tn be any need to increase the rate of employ ment payments. The objection is raised against the proposal that it would cause workers to quit their jobs in order to receive compensation and to continue idle nnce they are nut of work Anyone acquaint ed with the law knows that this is not the case A worker who quits his job is not eligible for compensation. A worker who is able to se cure employment and who is not actively seeking a ioh cannot stay on compensation The law pro vides adequate safeguards so that a W'orker who is not qualified for compensation will not receive the benefits. The law was and is designed to tide a man over whn i» out nf a joh through no failll of hi* nwn until hr can find employment or until his former employer has work for him again Under the old law the average weekly benefit paid in 1954 was $29 There are very few fam Hies who ran live on this amount without some outside help. President Eisenhower, in January of this year said it is highly desirable that the compensation laws be changed so that payments will at least equal half of regular earnings. That would seem to give some meaning io a law which provides insurance benefits and is not a dole The proposed changes aie good. Family life needs economic security in time of distress rising from unemployment We all hope that a protracted period of grneial unemployment is a thing of the past, hut if it should come it is bel ter tn have an adequate law than to lament the fact that we have none. When I he Days Are Evil In the Epistle of Sundays Mass St. Paul calls upon the Christiana at Ephesus, to whom he was'writing to conduct themselves with pru dence and wisdom, because, he says, "the days re *vil This figurative expression comes read, ily A mind as applying to current conditions, lor evil us »o prevalent that it seems to have affected the very hours of the day and the days of the weet The rising of the sun is the signal for violftionx of God’s laws to begin the passing monpenl* bring new nflensrs against truth and justice and charity, when the sun sets, evil be me* more hia/en its away over men’s Ihoughls and conduct. Evil **ertx its influence in the means by which men earn their daily bread, and in the means hy which they find recreation and amuse ment evil lurks in the books and magazines they read, as fast as new methods of entertain ment and communication are developed, evil ide^ brought into them, and they become •genciea for undermining morality in the young and the mature. Business and law and politics and the other professions have shaped codes fnr themselves which aie a condonation of evil the vicious theory that wrongdoing by some jus tifies wrongdoing by oihers gains shocking ac ceptance, pleasant, ciafty words «re framed to disguise lying, stealing, slander, adultery. To •um it all up by Mying that (he days are evil conveys a meaning that is obviously warranted. Rut it was, of course, as a warning that St. Paul used the expression not in the fatalistic, despairing sense that could be attached to the words The days are lull of evil, indeed, but the •Vila are committed by men, not by the days, or the times, or the stars, or circumstances. The evils are so prevalent that they exert a tremen dous influence, downward, on all who are ex posed to them, but it is a pressure that can, and must, be resisted St Paul makes this plain when hr demands Do nn| become tnohsh, but understand what the Will of the Lord l« I’ i» foolish tn let the evils which flourish around us »hapr nur con duct, foolish because can see the disaster and disorder that these evils are inflicting upon society and upon individuals foolish, because we know it is our duty to follow the will of God and not the weaknesses of men. “Do not be drunk with wine." St. Paul continues, put ting his finger on the foolishness of attempt ing to escape from the evils of life by indulg'ng in the evil of intoxication. Instead of such fool ishness we must, he says, "be filled with the Holy Spirit.” The Holy Spirit is to be our re course against the spirit of evil. And in our struggle against the conditions that make us say "the days are evil” we can be sure of God's help if we will but have faith like that of the centurion who is the subject of Sunday's Gospel. His plea to Christ to heal his son. who was “at the point of death.” was grant ed. Wp must show our faith by using that means that Christ has provided Tor overcoming the evils that confront us in the practice of that faith the days that seem so evil shall become opportunities for growing in grace and sanctity. It is the paradox of history that each gener ation is converted by the saint who contradicts it most.—G. K Chesterson, (1874-1936) Just Among'Ourselves Pasting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate The Series is over the Russian farmers have gone home the. stock market has emerged from its jitters the house-flips of October buzz about on weary wing. We may turn our attention to matters soothing and soporific. And what could he. more somnolent than a quarter-hour with the staff poet? Do you recall the little verse about the house and the road? “The little road says go the little house says stay Well the author of that pleasing poem was Josephine Preston Pea body who was the wife of Lionel Marks Our own hard finds delight in that lilting name, Josephine Preston Peabody Marks, and expresses it in a TRIBUTE TO A DECEASED POET Josephine Preston Peabody Marks, Gone to your grave these many years. Your songs are dying and distan* sparks, Rut your radiant name undimmed appears Four-jointed glee in a world of tears, Lilting, jubilant, quadruple cheers. Raising the heart and the soul that harks Banishing dullness, chasing fears. Stirring the spirit of romps and larks, Josephine Preston Peabody Marks! We have all experienced the insolence with which hooksellers and reviewers declare that this nr that publication is a MUST. Reaction (fully justified) tn this hrash insistence is pre sented thus: REQUIESCAT For my part, let that book abide On dealers' shelves (o gather dust, Of which the ardent critics cried. "This is a must!” On the same irritating theme, we have a paiody of Emersons quatrain from "Voluntar ies” (you know it: "So nigh is grandeur to our dust, So near is Gnd to man, When duty whispers low, Thou must The youth replies, I can.”) The parody is this: NON VOLUNTARIES So plaguey stubborn is our dust, So in our ways we're sot, When books are offered with, Thou must, The free man yells, DI not. One of life’s constant trials is the person who decides all issues with pronouncement pre faced by the phrase like, "To my mind nr "As it seems to me .” The poet offers this person a rebuke in not too gentle irony: AS I SEE IT 1 cannot think what he can mean, The man who says that grass is green And lilacs purple. I have found The facts the other way around. Green lilacs are a sheer delight To gather on a frosty night. And all the grass is, I insist, As purple as an amethyst. Sheer whimsy appears in this: BRIEF HISTORY OF AN EXACT AND BELLICOSE PERSONAGE My friend, a known geometer, Possessed a fine barometer, And many a good thermometer. He owned an anemometer. And wore, a wrist-chronometer. He read his electrometer And likewise his gasometer His steps by a pedometer were measured a tachometer Exposed at each kilometer His vibrancy etc-nmcter. He had a Turkish scimitar Attached Io his perimeter, And cussed in fervid dimetet. My friend, the gruff geometer, Was blown up by a homheter. Hoie is a quatrain that may (ouch a respon sive chord: THE WIENERKNABENSAENGER AND ROYS’ CHOIRS GENERALLY AND CHORUSES WHICH PERFORM A UAPPELLA You sing to multitudes, and so You show up on T.V. But I have tuned you out, and oh, The difference to me! Somber realism appears in this bit of elegy. LAST THINGS 1 think, if I should die this very night, (A supposition dear to every poet) That few there are to whom my going might Occasion woe. and few would even know it. And as, at duty's call, these burdened few Would kneel beside my corpse, a likely thought To cross their minds and stir their whispers too. "Well, Would be, “This casket must have cost a lot." mi he's gone," a quondam friend might say, In solemn accents, not without a throh, "Sari, hr was snatched so suddenly away 1 Monder who is going to get his job." Another, on thr cold deceased intent. Might muse (with prodding* of the folk be reft) “Had he insurance and to what extent? I'd dearly love tn know how much he left.” When, at the last, the grave should claim its nwn, And marshalled mourners at its side appear, One tn another fretfully might moan. "Th's ground is damp, let's hurry out of here." 7 sP" MONSIGNOR HIGGINS On October 18 the University of Notre Dame will present the Laetare Medal to AFL Presi dent George Meany at a spe cial ceremony which promts e s to he memo able event. Presid ed over by the Archbish op of Wash ington. the Most Rever end Patrick A. O’Boyle, it will be attended by more than 200 prominent representatives of religion, labor, manage ment, education and govern ment. The selection of Mr. Meany as the first labor leader to re ceive this annual award for lay leadership which takes its name from Ijietarc Sunday on which it is traditionally an nounced was almost per fectly timed. There have been other Catholic labor leaders who might have qualified for the honor in years gone by. But, in the Providence of God, no other Catholic in the history of the United States has ever achieved the prominence which Mr. Meany now enjoys, and de servedly so, in the American as well as in the international la bor movement. Fitting and Proper It would he safe to say that he is or is about to become, once the AFlrCIO merger goes into effect in December—the outstanding labor leader in the free world, perhaps the most influential labor leader in mod ern times. It is altogether fit ting and proper that he should bp publicly honored by a Cath olic university at the high point of his distinguished ca rper. Needless tn say. he is nn( be ing honored merely because he is a prominent public figure Will Come Back! kkw IIASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON The De partment of Justice has taken occasion in recent days to is sue a very strong warning. Through F.B.I. Director J. Edgar Hoover and Assistant Attorney General William F.' Tompkins, it has denounced a campaign Io lull the nation into inaction “by criticism of our program to combat subversion in this country.” The officials spoke with par ticular reference to a “vicious and sustained attack” on the use of ex-communists and con fidential informers as witness es in prosecutions for subver sion, but they also indicated (hat the campaign has many ramifications. Mr. Hoover asserted that "it is through the ‘pseudo liberals’ that the communists do some of their most destructive work.’1 “These fictitious liberals,” he said, "are the individuals who, through insidiously slanted and sly propagandistic writings and reports, oppose urgently need ed internal security measures conduct a one sided campaign to discredit Government wit nesses present the menace of communism as a myth of hys teria urge that we tolerate the subversive acts of communists because communists are only ‘non conformists’ contend that the Communist Party is a ‘po litical’ movement and that it is improper to consider it a crim inal conspiracy linked to a world conspiracy to overthrow our Government by force and violence.’* ‘Lull’ Campaign in Full Swing Roth Justice Department of ficers spoke to the Internation al Association of Chiefs of Po lice, meeting in Philadelphia. Assistant Attorney General Tompkins told the law enforce ment officers that the depart ment will not be “lulled into inaction" by these criticisms. The two officials mentioned no names, but some people will see in their remarks an im plied criticism of The Fund for the Republic, which has lately been the object of attack. On September 15, a statement is sued on behalf of the board of directors of the Fund, taking cognizance of an attack by Sea born P. Collins, National Com mander of the American le gion, said in part: "From the beginning the board has held that the major factor affecting civil liberties today is the menace of com munism and communist influ ence in this country. Coupled with this threat is the grave danger to civil liberties in methods that may be used to meet the threat.” At almost the same time Mr. Hoover and Mr. Tompkins were speaking in Philadelphia, Sen ator John W. Bricker of Ohio was speaking in nearby Atlan tic City. He attacked The Fund for the Republic, saying “its purpose in life is to criticize those who are critical of the communists.” Addressing (hemselves to Dr. Robert M. Hutchins, president of The Fund for the Republic, the editors of the current issue Lay Leadership Award who happens to be a Catholic, or because he is a Catholic who happens to be a prominent pub lic figure. Rather, he is being honored as a Catholic whose distinguished career as a prom inent public figure has been notably influenced by his re ligious faith a man who has consistently worked at being a good labor leader because he is a good Catholic. A Symbol Mr. Meany is not a “profes sional" Catholic, lie is proud of his religion, but he would be deeply embarrassed if he were to be singled out as being a bet ter Catholic than the next man. In other words, he would want us to say that the laetare Med al is not being presented to him as an individual but rather as a representative of all the other Catholics in the labor movement who are modestly trying, according to their lights, to apply the teachings of ..religion in the field of labor management relat ions. Un doubtedly he would also want to share the honor of the Iae tare Medal with his non-Cath olic associates in the labor movement who are trying to do the same thing according to their own lights. In brief, Mr. Meany would want his selection as this year’s laetare Medalist to be regard ed not as a personal tribute, but as a symbol of the fact that the American labor movement in spite of all its faults and imperfections is based on ethical principles and dedicat ed to the cause of human bro therhood under the Fatherhood of God. An Inspiration And, finally, he would pray erfully hope, I am sure, that the honor conferred upon him ns a representative of American labor will serve tn inspire the lahnr movement frnm top (n bottom to be even more faith of America say “the American people would appreciate a statement of fundamental prin ciples which would restore their confidence in the Fund’s very valuable work of seeking ‘effective procedures for deal ing with the communist men ace while at the same time strengthening the American traditions of liberty and free dom.’ “Your critics speak as though you and the Fund take a far left position soft toward com munism,” the editors tell Dr. Hutchins. “Your defense im plies that your critics do not believe in democratic discus sion. Each side assumes that there are but two positions to be taken, right or left, and that the other side is at least suspect of warped American ism." “The bulk of Americans take a middle position," the editors assert. “The mainstream of our tradition holds that men have a dignity stemming from their creation by God and from their eternal destiny.” The letter points out that a mmal code, based on man’s re lationship to God, “provides traditional boundaries around ‘discussion’ of change and progress in American society.” “Thus," it adds, "when the spokesman for an organization announces that the essence of Americanism is discussion and makes no mention of the moral order as a basis fnr evaluating discussion, public confidence in that organization is weakened." ful to religious principles, more conscious of its responsibilities to God and country, more sin cerely devoted to the cause of social justice and social char ity. 'Neutral' Significance All things considered, the rec ord of the American labor movement, as symbolized in the person of a George Meany, is rather creditable from the point of view of social ethics. For this reason, among others, it is to be hoped that the news of Mr. Meany’s selection as the current Laetare Medalist will be widely publicized not only in the United States, but more particularly in Europe, Many people in Europe find it extremely difficult to con ceive of a trade union move ment which is "neutral" and at the same time effectively influ enced by religious principles. They can conceive of only two kinds of unions Marxist and Christian. This is understand able in view of their own ex perience during the past hun dred years, but their own ex perience should not be general ized into a universal principle. Effective Religious Spirit Our own experience in the United States has amply dem onstrated in the words of Monsignor Pietro Pavan, secre tary of the Italian Catholic So cial Week and a sympathetic observer of the American scene —that when a union or a labor movement,is neutral or non-sec tarian, "this does not mean that it cannot assume a positive attitude regarding religious val ues.” On the contrary, Monsig nor Pavan continues, “histor ically speaking, the most active neutral trade unions have been and are moved by a profound and often effective religious spirit." For a number of rea sons it is highly important that this (art hr recognized in Eu rope at the present time. Inquiry lath A. There is no definite ref erence to these details in the Bible. In the prophetic Psalm 21 David talks of the Passion of Christ: “They have dug my hands and feet (verse 17) Ricciotti in his “Life of Christ” states that "the person who was to be crucified was laid on the ground with his arms outstretched and Ivis hands were nailed to the crossbeam. Then the crossbeam was lifted up to the vertical beam and his feet were nailed." There seems to be a great deal of evi dence presented in modern ac counts for the view that the nails were driven through the wrists. The pictures, crucifixes, etc., are not exactly wrong even if the conventional detail is not accurate, for the significance is scarcely changed. All such representations offer us medi tation on the Passion of Christ the details of his crucifixion are interesting to study and medi tate upon but do not affect the essential point of His redemp tive death. ”A Doctor at Cal vary" by Pierre Barbet M.D. discusses many of these points and offers some interesting in formation. Ij. Is it necessary to have sponsors in Baptism? If so, how can the Sacrament be given tn emergency without them? A. From early Christian times it has been customary to re quire sponsors at Baptism as Tertallian, Gt. Augustine and Caesarius of Arles (died 542 AD. mention). In St. Augus tine’s time it seemed to have been the parents who acted as sponsors, but this is no longer permitted. For solemn Bap tism there must be a sponsor if possible and even in private Baptism (i.e. an emergency) there must be one "if it is eas ily possible.” (Canon Law No. 762) For infants the sponsor represents the child in the ac ceptance of the Sacrament and aids the parents in the Chris tian formation of the child. For adults the sponsor should serve as guide and inspiration to the convert. Canon No. 764 speaks of only one sponsor, RICHARD PATTEE The Gaza JERUSALEM The area around the Gaza strip, where Israel and Egypt meet, pops in and out of the news so fre quently that a visit to that troubled spot seemed to me one of the ab solute re quirements of a sojourn in the Middle vis, who has been in Israel for the past eight years or so and proved to be an invaluable com panion and guide in matters of local history and topography. We went first from Jerusalem to Beersheba, taking in a num ber of the kibbutzim (collective farms) en route and reaching the principal city of the Negev around noon. After lunch there, we went on directly across country to as near the Gaza line as one can get. No Definite Border The strip sticks up along the Mediterranean coast straight into Israeli territory. It is sep arated from the rest of Egypt by the Sinai desert, with the result that communication is by no means easy. In this nar row tongue of land some 250, 000 Palestinian' Arab refugees are concentrated, along with the military force which the Egyptians maintain in the zone. From hillocks on the Israeli side, it is easy to see the city of Gaza in the distance also, the fields of Egyptian fellahin who till the soil close to the dividing line. At one spot where we stopped, both the, city and the hut used by General Burns of the United Nations team were visible. There is nothing to distin guish where Israeli territory ends and Egyptian territory be gins. The controversy over fix ing a permanent border with barbed wire or some form of separation has met with consid erable opposition. The Israelis have constructed along the whole frontier a se ries of kibbutzim both for de fense purposes and as a means of ’dHtling this barren area. Gaza has absolutely no mean ing from the rational point of view. No Geographical Logic The present frontiers of Is rael are the result of the arm istice between that country and the Arab states and bear no.re lation to anything like geo graphical logic. The conse quence ia the instability and constant marauding that goes Corner pc Q. Ik it true that most pic tures and representations of Christ crucified are inaccurate? I read recently that the nails could not have been driven through the palm of the hand in crucifixion. Hpttfpy -.... v saying that there should bt “two sponsors at most, one man and one woman ." Q. Must 1 be lenient and give explanations to my chil dren regarding obedience, hon esty, etc., or should I demand these virtues by punishment? A. Likely the ideal approach of Christian parents would he a combination of severity and kindness. The grace of the Sac rament of Matrimony joined with discussion and reading (ai in a family life study group) should help parents in making disciplinary decisions. It is one of the chief duties of parent* to train the child's will to ac cept and fulfill his duties to ward God and his neighbor. St. Augustine speaks of it say ing, “Correction is useful in or der that out of the sorrow of it may spring the wish to be re generate.” Ecclesiasticus stalp« too. “He that loveth his son, frequently chastiseth him, that he may rejoice in his latter end.” (30:1) The combination of these approaches to teaching children varies with the times and with the number of chil dren the individual tempera ment, etc. Q. Why does God give health, prosperity and seeming happi ness to wicked men, whilt many good men seem, to have nothing but trouble? A. Christ's parable of the cockle growing with the wheat (Matthew 13:24-30) shows God’s way of dealing with the wick ed. It is also possible for the most wicked man to repent and the change of heart that comes shoukl come from a free choice of God, not from being forced to repent. If the good things of this world were per manent and really important God would not deny them to good people. Often sickness and suffering cause people to become detached from earthly happiness and seek happiness that is lasting by turning tn God. God guarantees graces for true inward happiness to His faithful children, but in the ordinary' course of affairs- Ha “makes His sun to rise on th* good and evil, and sends rain on the just and the unjust.” (Matthew 5:45) Send questions Io Father Ed ward F. Healey, Inquiry Cor ner, The Catholic Times, Box 636. Columbus (16), Ohio. Strip East. I made the jour ney in the company of a former New Zealand er, Joseph Da on, resulting in the numerous incidents with which we are re galed periodically in the press. One of the most advanced nf the kibbutzim visited lies as near the boundary as one can reasonably get without slipping over into Egyptian territory. It contained about thirty “pi oneers", most of them from Tanger and other parts of North Africa, both men and women. I spent an afternoon with a couple of the young Tan gerines who manned this out post, They spnke fluent Span ish and French, so we were able to carry on quite comfort ably. Kind of Frontier Post The setlement was a combi nation military post, with ob servation tower, and a bit of farming land, with some cattle and other livestock to maintain the inhabitants. This was by no means one of the more advanc ed or developed of the kibbut zim. Its roughness and high de gree of readiness gave the im pression of the kind of fron tier post one associates with American history in the parly 19th century, with Indians hov ering on the horizon ready to pounce on the local gentry at any moment. These lads seemed to take the thing in their stride and were totally unconcerned about the proximity of the Egyptians —the “Arabs" as they call all of them or the prospect of an attack. Israeli life today has a great deal of this flavor of pioneering and the far outposts of human endeavor. The combi nation of soldier and farmer has become a way of life, with the well-known recruits call ed Nahal—carrying a rifle and pushing a plow simultaneous ly- Neither Peace Nor Compromise I see no very promising out look either at Gaza or else where for much in the way of permanent peace. The disposi tion on both sides is to hang on to what was decreed under the armistice, and to populate the area as a means of defend ing it. Since Egypt is interested in Gaza as a spearhead toward the Negev and since the Negev desert itself is part of the over land route between Egypt and the rest of the Arab world, there is not much likelihood that Cairo will relinquish it short of war. To Israel, every inch of .the Negev no matter how barren and unpromising —is part of the area to which new settlers can be directed. For these reasons, there is even less probability that aq. agree ment concerning the transfer nf terntnry along more ration al Lines can be arrived at.