Newspaper Page Text
CATHOLIC TIMES Friday. Jan. 20.1956 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE Send All Changes ot Address to P. O. Box 636 Columbus Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street Columbus 15. Ohio Address all communications for publication to O. Box 636 Columbus 16, Ohio Telephones: CA 4-5195 CA 4-5196 Price of The Catholic Time* i* pe: wear. Al) euhacnptiona should be preeented to our office through the pastor* of the parishes. Remittance* ahonld be made payable to the Cath ilir. 1 tmao tnonymwi communication* will he disregarded. We do not hold ouraelvee responsible for any views »r opinions expressed in the communications of our correspondent*. Entered as Second Class Matter at Post Office Columbus Ohio. St. Francis de Sale*. Patron of the Catholic Pre**. Cray for u«! This Paper Printed by Union Labor A Remarkable Story A new high school will bp built Fa miliar words these a common plate announce ment in newspapers across thp nation as com munities seek to meet school building needs. But put this announcement in a Catholic dio cesan paper, and you have within its few words a remarkable story the story of planning, of sac rifice, of courage and faith. Such is the story that surrounds the announcement of the second high school to be built in the Columbus area during the past three years. But let's go back a few years Rishop Ready early saw the need of elemcn tary classrooms—complete new schools, additions and renovations. Pastors and people were encour aged and in the span of ten years, 181 classrooms were added at the cost of more than four million dollars. Expanded elementary schools were to pour large classes into inadequate high school fa cilities Portsmouth Zanesville, Dennison and Mt, Vernon began building to meet their needs while plans continue underway in Marion and Newark. Meanwhile, the city of Columbus was exper iencing a phenomenal growth One hundred *or ty-seven classrooms wore added in the elemen tary schools to meet the school population that had increased from 6280 in 1945 to 12,770 in 1955. The need of three now centralized high schools was projected A drive to provide funds for the first two of these schools was begun in April of 1953 Bishop Watterson High School be came a reality and opened its doors in Septcm her of 1954 Proud of this great accomplishment in the north section of the city, pastors and people awaited the announcement of the second school to be built under the 1953 plans From the beginning, agencies concerned with population trends and the growth and future de xelopment ot the city of Columbus were consult ed to obtain needed statistic Ihese (acts along with a study of the elemental) sci.ool population and the establishment of new parishes over the the past ten years were important factors in the decision to place the second school in the south east section of the city. The studies that surrounded the announce ment of the second high school imply the need of i third high school in a few years. A study of elementary school graduates indicates that 90 per cent seek enrollment in a Catholic high school. According to present elementary figures 6 500 children will he seeking admission to a Catholic high school hy 1963. Current capacity of the city's ten Catholic high schools, including the now Bishop Watterson High School is ap proximately 3,400 The completion of the new Bishop Hartly High School would bring the ca parity Io over 4,300 “A new high school will he built truly there is a great and proud story behind these brief words Beyond the plans, studies, surveys nd statistics, we sense the vision and inspir ation that made the story possible The untiring concern nf a Bishop for the welfare of the chil dren God placed in his care the cooperation and zeal ol his pastors hundreds of Sisters ded icafed to God in the work of the classroom the deep faith and quiet sacrifice of Catholic people in providing for the religious education of their children Because of this schools will bn built. For a True I J.N.... A person should be a dreamer at times One ought tn have hig ideas for only big worthwhile goals can inspire us to do violence to ourselves. Such violence is often necessary for big plans should always start within our own lives We dream nf a united world All people united in a spirit of charity and justice foi each individual We should dare to envision such a goal There is solid hope of it based on what the grace of God has already accomplished in us But now there must he violence to ourselves We must he fervent at prayer for the conversion of men's hearts We hear about the Church Unity Octave hut most of us won't violate our habit of a set .sparer number of prayers each day Yet that is the first wav to solidify the dream Do start fodav, third dat of the Octavo, with pi avers for "The submission of Anglicans to the authority of the Holy Father.” Mercy and Justice Sundax w Gospel describes two miracles, both nf which like all of the Savior s other miracles, were performed by Him as acts of divine mercy and kindness hut they give evidence of divine justice as well If was in response to fervent pro fessions of faith that the miracles took place, nd in God's scale ol justice faith weighs heavily, both miracles reached out to relieve the suffering of humble and obscure men and divine justice has special consideration lor those who lack worldly means and power. More directly, the leper who was healed was reminded that he must meet the requirement of divine justice by showing himself, healed, to the priest in compliance with the law of Moses, the healing of the Gentile centurions servant was marie the occasion for a solemn prophetic warn tng by the Savior that Gods justice would bring joy to the Gentiles who accepted Hun as the Mcssias and banishment into the darkness out ide" of the ‘children of the kingdom" who re jected Him. Throughout the liturgy of Sunday s Mbass this Close relation between God's mercy and His justice is emphasized we heai the Psalmist's summons to adore and fear the Creator and to "rejoice" because the I -ord hath reigned: we hear. too. the prayet that God will graciously Jnok upon our infirmifv and will protect us with the right hand of His majesty, the Epistle admon ishes the Christian tn leave retribution to the laird and to "overcome evil with good" in all bis dealings with his neighbor. Our woes will be relieved it we turn with faith and confidence In God’s mercy but if we arc minded to he harsh with our fellow men, to deny them the mercy we ak for ourselves in our peti tion» to God. we must expect the terrible conse fUtnce revealed in the words St Paul quote* from the inspired ufleranre nf Mose-- Vengeance is name 1 will rep|*. aaith the Lord." Those who deny justice and mercy to their fellow men are challenging divine justice those who treat their fellow’s justly and with kindness are making themselves worthy of God’s mercy: and it shall not be wanting. A dwarf sees farther than the giant when he has the giant's shoulder to mount on.—Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), The Friend. Aspiration sees only one side of every ques tion possession, many. James Russell lxwell (1819-1891), “Among My Books.” The truth is great and shall prevail when none cares whether it prevail or not.—Conventry Pat more (1823-1896). “Magna est Veritas.” Just Among Ourselves Patting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate Many thanks to the kind correspondent who, most unexpectedly and pleasingly, sent in the two lines we sought for to round out our jingling expression of the philosophy of horse trading. The missing lines were the first two now they are missing no longer. Here is the completed jingle: One white foot,—buy him Two white feet,—try him Three white feet,—look about him Four w’hite feet,—do without him. There is a double pleasure in reporting this matter. The first joy is that of having the quat rain completed, so that it teases memory no more. The second pleasing feature of the exper ience is found in the knowledge,—now indubit ably established,—that this column has read ers,—or at least a reader. Maybe we could run down something else. This is not a thing that baffles memory, but a well-nigh hopeless quest for factual information. The story runneth thus: About the year 1905 ap peared a hook of “excerpfa” called Facts and Fancies for the Curious. It was compiled by Charles C. Bombaugh, A M.,M l)., and came from the press of J. B. Lippincott Company in Phila delphia. On pages 130 131 of the volume there is a “squib” which tolls us that the first suspension bridge in America was erected in 1801 by James Finley over the stream known as Jacob’s Creek in Westmoreland County. Pennsylvania. The span of the bridge was seventy feet it cost $6000 00. There is a slight inaccuracy in the report for Jacob's Creek is not, strictly speaking in Westmoreland County for at least part of its course, the stream is the dividing line between the counties of Westmoreland and Fayette. But (he point of interest and inquiry is the spot at which the bridge was put up.—or perhaps we should say hung. Inquiry was made of local historians in sever al towns of western Pennsylvania, but without effect. An open letter to the editor of one paper in the neighborhood brought a dozen replies. The only trouble was that the replies did not agree, nor was there uniformity of opinion (since none could prove a sure claim) among any three of them. It seems we shall not know where that first suspension bridge in America was set up, even though we know how long it was, how much it cost, and who built it. There seems some likelihood in the claim of one writer that the seventy-foot span across the stream was- erected al a little town still known as Iron Bridge, which presumably took its name from the fact that this new-fangled type of bridge was hung there in 1801. 'The town of Iron Bridge is on Pennsylvania Slate Highway 819 between the towns of Mt. Pleasant and Connellsville, about two miles northeast of1* Scottdale. The Iron Bridge claimant says that the sus pension bridge was an iron framework hung, not on cables, but on heavy iron linked chains. No remnant of it remains, nor has any link of its chains been preserved there has been no trace of it for more than half a century. There is a bridge there, of course, a modern concrete bridge which serves the flying traffic except in odd weeks of spring and fall when little Jacob's Creek goes on rampage and floods the whole valley with all the rush and vigor of a mighty river Dr. Bombaugh's book has an interesting story and it conies pally enough on page 131. just after the teasing notice about that lost suspension bridge ft gives details ol an interview with Gen eral C. Cotcsworth Pinckney by one Thomas Grimke. The General was asked about the authen ticity of his reported statement, “Millions for de fence, but not one cent for tribute." We recall the phrase, it is as familiar a schoolboy text as Patrick Henry's “Give me liberty, or give me death.” This Charles Cotesworth Pinckney was a not able figure, and should be still, in the overall American scene. He was born in the colony of South Carolina in 1746 educated in England and France served as aide-de-camp Io Washington at Brandywine and Germantown was a member of the convention that framed the Constitution, and introduced the clause forbidding religious tests as a qualification for public office. He was sent as Minister to Fiance in 1796, but the French Directory refused to receive him. It was while he was in France, waiting ac ceptance or rejection as American Minister, that, according Io the books, including the indis pensable Bartlett,—Pinckney answered certain snide proposals of French politicians with the immortal words, “Millions for defence, but not one cent (some say “a cent") for tribute.” Pinckney died in 1825. It was during his last years that Mr. Grimke talked to him about the famous “millions for decense" declaration. Grimke asked the old general whether any members of the French Directory had actually proposed what might be called tribute from the United States. “They did, sir," said General Pinckney, “their question was what the United States would pay for certain political purposes." “And what' was your answer. General?” said Mr. Grimke. Pinckney replied, “1 said, ‘not a sixpence'.” Asked whether he had added any thing to this curt answer, the old general replied, "Not a word.” Pinckney went on to say that while he had not used the famous words attributed to him, these words were spoken at a public meeting,—a toast at a Congressional dinner in Philadelphia in June of 1798,—by Mr. Robert Goodloe Harper, and were attributed to General Pinckney. The General said he had never bothered to correct Harper's speech, tor "the nation adopted the ex pression, and 1 thought there would be more ostentation in denying it than in submitting to the report.” And now we know about the rules of trading horses, and about Pinckney's words to the French. We are still without sure knowledge about that first suspension bridge. j. nd know WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON Three im portant events came together here in such a striking man ner as to give studious pause to all whe have the cause of edu cation at heart. First, Dan T. Smith. Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury, appeared before a House of Representatives sub committee and said his depart ment opposed giving private schools the same exemption from excise taxes that public schools now enjoy. The very next day. President Eisenhower sent to Congress a message in which he asked for emergency Federal aid for schools for the next five years. At nearly the same tune, the Senate Finance Committee ap proved a request of President Eisenhower that fanners be ex empted from paying a two-cent Federal tax on gasoline they use on the farm. There was an anachronism there which the legislators are not likely to miss. They have keen ears and eyes for such things. Representative Aime J. For and of Rhode Island told the Treasury representative that exempting private schools from excise taxes would amount to a mere drop in the bucket, so far as loss in revenue to the Government was concerned. Nevertheless, the Treasury of ficial said he opposed it as a matter of policy. In 24 hours. President Eisen however, this treasury offic ial's top boss, proposed to Con gress that it appropriate Fed MONSIGNOR HIGGINS There was a time when the Federal Government was a leader in the field of labor standards and personnel man agement. But __ private indus now of fers its work e s much more and ’Iwh i treats them much better A than U n 1 e So Campbell, president of the American Fed eration of Government Em ployes, in the current issue of his union's monthly publica tion. It is our impression that Mr. Campbell's temperate and levelheaded criticism of the government’s labor relations policy is substantially ebrrect. Ironically, the government has been slow to adopt some of the very reforms which it help ed to bring about in private in dustry during the past few dec ades. It has said to industry, in effect, "Don’t do as 1 do, do as 1 say.” In contrast to the situa tion which prevailed 20 or 30 years ago, private industry is now setting the pace and the government is content to bring up the rear in the field of labor relations and labor standards. Chang* of Approach Basic Naad Mr. Campbell feels that the time has come for the govern ment to recapture the leader ship which it used to exercise in this field. Thia means, in his opinion, that there will have tn he a basic change of ap proach. At the present time, Discordant Note in Washington eral aid for schools which would total $1,250,000,000 in five years. The Senate Finance Commit tee took only four days to act favorably on President Eisen hower’s request for help for the farmer, a relief from taxes which it is estimated will amount to $60,000,000. One is tempted to ask: How many additional hundreds of millions, or even billions, of dollars would President Eisen hower have to ask for in Fed eral aid to education, if private schools were not carrying a large part of the nation's edu cational burden? It would not be only the money the private schools are now spending, for if the private schools did not exist the public schools would he in a much worse plight than they now are, anif much more would be needed to help them. What the Treasury depart ment opposed is the correction of a situation like this: Public schools buy a lot of typewrit ers, and they do not have to pay the 10 per cent excise tax on them. Private schools buy typewriters for the same edu cational use. but they have to pay 10 per cent more than the public schools—the excise tax. Children attending private schools are told they cannot ride on the busses that carry their public-school playmates over the same route they trav el. Then, when the parents of private school children come together to buy a bus, so that their children may he transport ed safply, they arc told that Uncle Sam's Employes he says, the labor relations pol icy of the government, the na tions biggest employer, is to approach as closely as possible the practices of private indus try. whereas it ought to be just the other way around. “There is no valid reason.” he insists, “why the Government should not go beyond the pattern of private industry in matters in volving employe working con ditions and welfare.” This change of approach is not likely to come about until government workers’ unions be come stronger and more effec tive. According to William C. Doherty, president of the Na tional Association of letter Carriers, this will necessitate a merger of all these unions in to one central organisation. Mr. Doherty is convinced that one strong federation of federal employes is the only answer if government workers “are to share in the benefits of the united labor movement.” to say nothing of setting the pace for workers in private industry. Unification, he says, is inevit able. It is hound to come soon er or later. “Why not sooner?” he asks in the January issue of NACL Postal Record. “There is no belter time than right now’ to make a start toward com plete organization.” Thought Stimulant It is too early to tell how the other government employe un ions will react to Mr. Doherty’s proposal, hut it is safe to pre dict that it will meet with op position from some members of the Congress and from certain segment* of the pres*. Regard IL they have to pay 10 per cent more than the public school bus costs—the excise tax. There are many ways in which this tax intrudes itself in purchases relating solely to education, when the purchases are for non-public schools. To lift the tax would not mean a serious loss to the Gov ernment. as Congressman For and pointed out. To refuse to lift it means a lot to the par ents of children attending pri vate schools. It does not hold water to say that to lift the excise tax would be to show class preference, and that excise taxes would have to be excused on enter tainments, and the like. What is asked is that the excise tax be taken off things bought for educational purposes general ly. It already has been lifted from things bought for use in public education. And, it looks now like it will he lifted from gasoline used in farming. President Eisenhower’s mes sage can be taken to indicate that parents in general are hav ing a hard, presumably impos sible. time supporting public schools. It would seem fair to assume that parents supporting private schools also are hav ing a hard time. The more so, since these same parents also help to support the public schools. Coming so closely on the heels, one of tne other, these three developments on Capitol Hill here may hear some good fruit. Certainly they provide food for thought. less of its immediate outcome, the ensuing debate between Mr. Doherty and the critics of uni fication will be very benefic ial if it does nothing more than than get people thinking ahout the right of government work ers to organize, and about the need for effective unions in government service. The best thing we have read in a lo.g time is a report of the American Bar Associations Committee on Iabor Relations of Governmental Employes. This report (made public on June 27, 1955) maintains that “public employes have an in herent and justifiable right to organize among themselves to serve their own best interests and welfare It also says that "the special legal status claimed for government as an employer which places federal employes in a less advantageous position than private employes in the area of management la bor relations is an apparent anachronism.” "Almost Un American The latter criticism applies to certain state and municipal governments more than the Federal Government. The Fed eral Government officially ac knowledges the right of its em ployes to organize. But even in federal service—as Mr. Camp bell points out in the above mentioned editorial many top officials “have set their sights too low and seem to re gard the adoption of any bene fits not firmly established in the overwhelming majority of private business as almost un American." Inquiry Corner. -----------------Fathar Healey------------------ Q. In my new job I am liable to be called on often to get word to the priest of people in jured in accidents, etc. Just what should 1 tell him? A. In case of accident or sick ness the person calling the priest should give the name of the persm and the exact ad dress. with directions on how to reach the scene, if necessary. The status of the person, if it is known, should be given: if he is a practicing Catholic, fall en-away. etc. The degree of dan ger should be mentioned i.e. whether he is in immediate danger of death, apparently dead, etc. Finally it is import ant to tell whether the person is conscious and whether he is able to receive Holy Commun ion. Q. I am planning on being married to a Catholic girl. Why do we have to advise the priest six weeks in qdvance of our wedding date, present certifi cates of baptism, etc. Is all this to show the Church's dis approval of me? A. Marriage is a serious and permanent vocation. It is nec essary for the protection of the parties planning marriage and for their proper preparation that certain investigations and instructions precede this step. Especially when one party is a non-Catholic it is essential for the future happiness of the couple and their children that possible points of disagreement be explained. For all marriages some instructions on the moral ity and the ideals of Christian marriage is necessary. The various papers simply establish each party’s freedom to marry —and the innocent should bear with this process that everyone be protected from the occasion al deceiver and the religious state (i.e. baptized or non-bap tized non-Catholic) and such other facts as pertain Io making the projected marriage a happy and successful one. Her pastor will explain in detail. JOHN C. O BRIEN Considering our phenom enal achieve ments in the fields of con struction, av iation and nuclear fis sion this seems incredible. But the statistics leave no room for doubt. The Russians are turning out more trained scientists and en gineers than we are. More Rus sian children on the secondary school level receive instruction in the sciences and mathemat ics. And Russia has an adequate corps of teachers of these sub jects, while our school systems are complaining that they can not get enough. On-the Spot Study Two American educators— Homer and Norton Dodge who recently made an on-the spot study of Soviet schools and universities, reported to the editors of United States News & World Report that in 1954 the Russians graduated more than 50.000 engineers. In the same year we graduated less than 20.000. From a peak of 50.000 engineering graduates in 1950 we fell off to 19,000 in 1954. All students in the Russian elementary and secondary schools are required to study sciences and mathematics. By the time the Russian student is ready for college he has had six years of biology, five years of physics and four years of chemistry and mathematics. Mental Discipline Unpopular In the opinion of the Dodges, the Russian student leaving high school is well ahead, in the sciences and mathematics, of the American high school graduate. Many of our high school graduates senter the uni versity so woefully unprepared in these subjects, the univer sities have to give them non credit courses before they can qualify for legitimate college work. The startling fact is that our high school students are dodg ing most severe mental discip lines such as physics, chemistry and mathematics. A substantial percentage of our high schools have even given up offering such courses. Statistical Report According to the Office of Scientific Personnel of the Na tional Research Council, half the nation's high schools do not offer courses in chemistry, 53 per cent do not offer physics. Since 1900. the percentage of high school students studying algebra has dropped from 56 to 24 per cent. For geometry, the drop has been 27 to 11 per cent, for physics from 19 to 4.3 per cent. And only two per cent study trigonometry. Laek of T©echoes As these disciplines have dis appeared from the broad base Q. If God has no body why does the Bible refer' tn Hi* eyes, His hand and His face, etc. A. God is a pure spirit. He is not made up of physical composed parts for He is per fect and infinite. The expres sions in the Sacred Scripture referring to His “eyes”, “hands”, "face" etc. are adapt ed to our understanding. We are made in the image and likeness of God, but He is not limited by our physical com position, and our likeness to Him is found in our spiritual souls. Is it likely that anyono is decieved by the use of these terms? Does not everyone who reads the Bible Understand that the Creator and Ruler of tho Universe is not just a great “man in the sky” but is a spiritual Being distinct and different from all His creatures which we know? Q. What is simony? How., could it come about in our time? A. Simony consists in selling spiritual things for money (or the equivalent). It w’ould ho .simony to charge a higher price for objects because they are blessed or to offer money for a spiritual office (as Simon the magician did in the Acts of the Apostles. 8:18-25). It w’ould seem to be a rare sin in the United States but expressions such as “How much is a Mass?" or "I'd like to pay for the Mass” are sometimes heard. No one buys a Mass or pays for a Mass. The Mass offering is a traditional way of contri buting to the individual priest’s support. In turn the priest agrees to apply the special fruits (not all) of the Mass to the person or the intention of the one making the offering. It is not the money itself w’hich makes simony but the idea of buying spiritual things with it. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey, Inquiry Cor ner. The Catholic Times, Box 636. Columbus (16), Ohio. Technical Education Our scientists and educators are warning us in anguished tones that, in this atomic age, we are losing ground to Russia in the train ing of scient ists and engi neers. of our educational system, the number of students specializing in them in colleges and univer sities also has declined. Fewer and fewer men and women cap able of teaching the science* and mathematics are being turned out by the universities each year. Not only do the schools and universities have difficulty in recruiting competent science and engineering teachers, they have even greater difficulty holding them. Of those who do start out as teachers, the best soon leave to go into industry w here the pay range runs from $8,000 to $14,000 a year. Made, Not Going What, w’e may ask. is respon sible for this alarming drop in the output of scientists and en gineers, so essential to our na tional welfare and survival in a scientific age? Are our Amer ican youth afraid to study? Are they going soft? They are not going soft they are being made soft at least, that is the belief of the Dodge brothers. They put the blame squarely upon the “education ists” who dominate our publie school systems. A majority of these are followers of John Dewey, whose “progressive edu cation” theory followed the line that not knowledge or in formation but “self-realization" is the goal of education. Pablum Die* The “educationists.” as the Dodges point out, took this to mean that they were “freed from the task of transmitting knowledge and proceeded to develop ‘life adjustment’ cur ricula centered on ‘real life problems such as ‘how to make a successful date,’ instead of the three Rs and other coursee with substance.” Instead of subjects basic to mastery of the sciences or a branch of engineering, high school curricula now consist of such pablum as family living, consumer economics, job infor mation, physical and emotional health, training for citizenship and the like. To a large extent the high school student is permitted to pursue a nebulous goal of “self realization” without ever com ing to grips with real mental discipline. The teen-ager being by nature indolent, is it any wonder that he steers clear of the courses requiring cerebra tion and sustained effort? Catholics may be thankful that Catholic educators have never succumbed to the Dewey philosophy of education. Ca tholic schools are still teaching physics, chemistry, algebra, and geometry. Pupils are being compelled to acquire at least the elements of the sciences and mathematics. But the Catholic schools train only a fraction of our Ameri can youth. Unless we are con tent to let the Russians take the lead from us in this atomic age, when our very security depends upon continued ad vancement in the sciences and engineering, the directors of our public schools must put meat and marrow back into the course of study.