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A Good Catholic
I» a Well- Informed Catholic Vol. V, No. which are misleading if not down right dishonest” The Archbishop cited the Ad ministration’s Federal aid pro gram of last year which involved a three-year expenditure of $7 billion. It provided for the con struction of 300,000 classrooms immediately and 50.000 each year after, he said. “Just a year later,” he wrote, “a new program has been submit ted to Congress estimating the job can be done at less than one third the cost. $2,020,000,000.” This program spans five years. Contrasting the two. Archbish op O’Hara stated: “Such a radical scaling down of needs in less than 12 months time suggests that the job need not be done by the Federal Government at all.” The editorial called for “an antidote for the propaganda that our school children are robbed of their birthright by being herd ed into overcrowded classrooms, or taught in half sessions and by ill-prepared teachers.” The Archbishop said the anti dote could be found in an ad dress given at the Pennsylvan ia State conference preliminary to the White House Conference on Education in November. He laid this address warned against "blind acceptance" of the national trends in education as being valid in all state and local situations. "For that rea son the spot advertising of the National Education Association and of the Citizens Commission for Better Schools often ren ders a great disservice," he quoted the speech as saying. Archbishop O’Hara said this ad dress pointed out that a general idea has been conveyed by radio, TV’ and newspapers that enroll ment increases have led to over crowded classrooms, half-day ses sions and other poor teaching cir cumstances. However, this may be true ir some areas, but there are hundreds of areas where it does not apply he said the speech maintained. Population shifts from the city "High-Pressure Campaign’ Favoring Federal Aid for Public Schools Is Criticized PHILADELPHIA, Pa (NC) Archbishop John F. O'Hara of Philadelphia said here a high-pressure campaign behalf of Federal intervention in public school financ ing is making it “increasingly difficult'’ for citizens and Congressmen to estimate accur ately the actual needs of public schools. The Prelate’s views were contained in a front-page editorial he wrote in The Catholic Standard and Times, newspaper of the Philadelphia archdiocese. He criticized propaganda for Federal aid as I containing “broad statements to the suburbs are responsible for “needs in places where the popu lation has mushroomed,” he said However, he added that economic conditions of suburban families often allow for a tax base quite capable ot taking care of the edu cational needs. Catholic parishioners furnish "the most eloquent testimony** that the local community can pay for suburban schools, the Archbishop said. "If there are Catholic citizens dwelling in these suburban communities, they will pay their taxes as good citizens and they will erect their own school with voluntary offerings." ks proof that the educational pinch isn’t equally severe through Father Foley was born at Shen andoah. Pa., Nov. 17, 1898. His preparatory studies were made at Villanova Preparatory school, and at St. Joseph’s College, both in Philadelphia. He received the “The importance of the Catholic Press is not yet understood. Neither the faithful nor the clergy give it the attention they should The old i sometimes say that it is something new, and that in the past souls were saved without troubling themselves about reading. These short-sighted people do not consider that in the past the poison of the bad press was not spread everywhere, and 1 that in consequence the antidote of a good press was not equally necessary. “It is not a question of the past. We are not living in the past we are living today. It is a fact that Christian people are corrupted, deceived and poisoned by impious reading ... In vain will you build churches, preach missions, found schools all your works, all your efforts will be de stroyed if you cannot at the same time wield the defensive and offensive weapon of a press that is Catholic, loyal and sincere. “To be a Catholic, to call oneself a Catholic, I nay, to belong to Catholic organizations and as sociations, and at the same time to be indifferent to the interests of the Catholic press, is a patent absurdity.” ---------Pius Report Cards: (With the arrival of “Exam Week’’, pupils, teachers and par ents focus their attention on the periodic inventory taken in the classrooms. This is an inventory of thugs learned and the in terpretation of this inventory in the form of a report card is of greatest importance to parents. With this in mind the following is the first of two articles prepared by the Diocesan School Office.) Is my child just average? Many an anxious parent will be experiencing a week of unusual intellectual pursuit. Books well thumbed and books little touched will come home with the pupils who can. who try, and who can’t. Time of recreation will be curtailed. “Exam Week” is here again. With few exceptions an effort to study will be made. Just as inventories are made in business, teachers inventory the minds ot their pupils. Exam week will pass and the dreaded day when report cards “will be given out” must be faced by pupil, parent and teacher. This critical day needs under standing. Let us remember, it is the primary function of the school to develop and train the intellectual powers of the child. The intellectual development wall be concerned first with the knowledge of God and the truths of faith, and then the areas of human knowledge, mainly the 3 R’s, Reading, Writing and Arithmetic. All of these should be organized and presented in such a way that the child will be able to out the nation, the Archbishop offered these statistics gained from comparing public school en rollments of 1935 and 1955: 1) Twelve states actually show a loss in registration in the amount of 712,729 (Ark., Ky., Mass.. Miss Neb.. N Dak.. Okla., Penn., R.I., S Dak Vt. and W. Va.) 2) None of the states with gains can be said to be in poor eco nomic straits 3) The Pacific Coast accounts for almost 40 per cent of the in crease of 4.207.000 since 1935 reg istration. 4) Gains are regional. Many states are able to do their own financing. Several have rejected Federal aid. Father James Foley, Wellston Pastor, Dies Father James Foley, 57, pastor of Sts Peter and Paul Church, Wellston, died in Mt Carmel Hospital, Columbus, Tuesday morning after an illness of two weeks Death was due to heart trouble. Father Foley had been pastor of St Cecilia’s, New Rome, west of Columbus, for ten years previous to his trans fer to Wellston last June. Funeral arrangements were made this morning (Friday) at Wellston with Bishop Edward Hettinger, D.D.. celebrant of the Pontifical Funeral Mass. Assist ing at the Mass will be Monsig nor H. E. Mattingly, assistant priest Father Richard Grosser, deacon Father Louis Hoffman, subdeacon, and Father Albert E. Culliton and Father Edward Reidy, deacons of honor. The ser mon will be delivered by Mon signor Joseph R. Casey. Burial will be made in Holy Sepulcher cemetery, Philadelphia Ph. B. degree from the latter school in 1924. For theology Father Foloy want to Mt. St. Mary's Seminary, Emmitsburg, Md., whara he re- Father James Foley ceived the M.A. degree. He was ordained by Bishop William J. Hafey, June 12, 1928. Following his ordination Fa ther Foley served as assistant pas tor at St. Joseph Cathedral for two years. He was then sent to St. Peter’s, Steubenville, where he remained for nine years. In March, 1939, he was named assistant pastor at St. John’s, Bel laire. In August, 1904, he went to St. Rose’s. New Lexington, where he served as pastor until coming to Columbus to take charge of St. Cecilia’s, New Rome, in January, 1945. He was transferred to Wells ton June 17, 1955. Father Folty was stricken with a heart attack at the par ish house in Wellston Jan. 12. Surviving are three brothers, Gerald. Thomas and Francis, and four sisters, Mrs. Elizabeth Pad den, Mrs. Gertrude Dinnien, Miss Mary Foley and Mrs. Clare Mead, all of Philadelphia, and many nieces and nephews. I The otholic Times Critics *Forum Series to Begin February 23 The first in a new series of Critics Forum book reviews will take place in the Little Theater at the Columbus Gal lery of Fine Arts, Thursday, Feb. 23. Doctor Clarence Forbes of Ohio State University will open the 1956 series with a review of “Even the Cypresses Believe in God,” by Jose Maria Gironella. Other Reviewers Subsequent reviewers this year will be Riley Hughes of the For eign Service Dept Georgetown University, who will appear on Mar 22, and Father Bernard The all. O.F.B. of the faculty of Cath olic U.. who will he here Apr 26. This is the ninth year the se ries has been sponsored by the Columbus Circle of the Inter national Federation of Catholie Alumnae. Mrs. James P. Charles is general chairman for the so ries. She will be assisted by Mrs. C. W. Lingo, ticket chairman Miss Adele Foley, secretary Mrs. John Kochensparger, reception chair man Mrs. Ray Berry and Mrs. John Hammerstein. co-chairmen of junior hostesses Mrs Thomas Brosmer is serving as publicity chairman The public Is cordially invited to attend the reviews. Tickets may be obtained from any member of the I A or at the Cathedral Bonk Shop and McClelland s Book Store. -----------------0----------------- Writer Denies Persecution In Colombia ZURICH. Switzerland (NC) A Swiss Protestant writer bas emphatically de nied the charge that Protes tantism has been persecuted in Colombia. Writing in “Young Church” organ of a youth movement of Swiss Galvanism, Hans U. Bretscher said, after a year’s residence in the South American country, “I have never been mo lested or discriminated against on account of my religion." Personal Investigation The young Swiss writer said that he had “personally investi gated-’ charges th st 53 Protest ants had been martyred, 40 Prot estant chapels destroyed, and 160 Protestant schools closed. The charges were made in the book “The Situation of Protestants in Catholic Countries.” edited by the late Dr. Arthur Frey head of the Sw iss Protestant news service. Mr. Bretscher said he was ac quainted with “the facts" cited in the book, but disagreed that the Protestants were persecuted. Ho said that in the period from 1949 to 1953, when the Conservative Party and its lead er, Leureano Gomez, were in power, ruthlessly repr e s s i v e measures were adopted against the defeated Liber I party. Lib eral party members, both Prot estant and Catholic, were never sure of their lives, he noted, and many membe~s, Protestant and Catholic, lost both their lives and their property. Mr. Bretscher noled that all in cidents of alleged persecution of Protestants took place during this period of violence and must be viewed objectively “It is neces sary to live in Colombia to know and to understand Its people,” he explained grasp and to assimilate what is presented and thus develop the powers of his mind. One method of ascertaining the mental development is the conscientious check the teacher makes from time to time of the grasp and assimilation of the facts taught and reporting progress made to the parents. The school is an auxiliary of the home in the education of the child. It is the duty of the school to make known its policies and practices so that, parents may assume their rightful function in the mental development of their child ren. The current policies and practices of the grading system need to be understood if parents and teachers are to give the child guidance in developing his mental powers. Before examining “the report card" two fundamental principles must be accepted by parents and teachers. No two children are alike. No two teachers are alike. These individual differences must be taken into account in un derstanding the categorizing of children's capacities as (70-100), A,B,C, or S and U. There are many different systems used to report pupil progress. As pointed out above, the numerical system, the letter system or the simple method of marking S or U indi cating satisfactory or unsatisfactory may be employed. Presently, the Diocese of Columbus is using the letter sys tem, A,B,C,D and E. This system has been considered more 1V13IOff _________________________________________________________________________ 16, Ohio, Friday, January 27, 1956 To the Reverend Clergy. Religion*, and Faithful of the Diocese of Columbus My beloved Brethren: For many decades Catholic parents in the United States have made amazing sacrifices that their children might be as sured of their right to an education which is grounded in moral values. Long, hard labor, coupled with admirable foresight and enduring patience have made possible the great system of free, non tax-supported religious schools in this nation Not only has this system of schools provided solace to parents in their efforts to rear their children in the fear and love of God, but it has also been a sustaining force to the moral fabric of America. Despite the inestimable importance of the parish church and school, the great Pontiff of beloved memory, Saint Pius X, stated that the building of them would be in vain if they were not to be aided by a watchful and vigorous Catholic Press. This startling admonition emphasizes what Pope Pius calls “the duty and honor of the press.” which, to use his words, is “to enlighten, nourish and elevate minds and hearts." The press cannot fulfill this precious duty if we do not support and read it. Once again Catholic Press Month is dedicated to the service which the apo? tolate of the press has rendered to God. to Church and to Coun try Nowhere has the Catholic Press made such strides during the past half century as here in America. This has been due to the zeal and self-sacrificing labors of writers and technicians and to the unfailing loyalty of the laity. Tremendous increases in circulation as well as great technical perfection has crowned the efforts of the priests, religious and laymen and women who are devoting their lives to the Catholic press Much has been said about the rights of a free press in recent times. But “a free press must justify its pretention to pub lic acclaim by its unfeigned esteem for moral values, rather than by its concern for the technical perfection of its product.” (Pope Pius XII) Our Catholic press remains eminently free be cause it constantly upholds the law of God and endeavors to apply it to the problems of the hour. Courage in the face of the bloody March of tyrants over the rights of peoples and nations has brought martyrdom to the Catholic Press in some areas Its voice must be stilled if evil is to conquer. This, in itself, is tribute enough for this great apostolate of the printed word. On this great Feast of Saint Francis de Sales, patron both of our own Diocese of Columbus and of the Catholic Press of the world, it is most appropriate that we ask his intercession in behalf of the spiritual and temporal welfare of all our people and for the continued well-being of the Catholic Press every where, and in a special way, The Catholic Times, the weekly newspaper of this diocese. We express a word of appreciation to all who have supported this important work. With deep grati tude we direct attention to the business firms who have added their support through advertisements in our diocesan newspaper. We urge all our Catholic families to perform their duty by seeing to it not only that they receive it but, more important still, that they read regularly a number of good Catholic publi cations, especially The Catholic Times. With deep appreciation for your constant and generous support of our diocesan newspaper and beseeching your prayers to Saint Francis de Sales that he intercede for its continued success. Devotedly in Christ. MICHAEL READY Bishop of Columbus Plan to Overcome Nationalism Offered at Borromeo Lecture A five-point plan to combat modern-day nationalism was proposed by Monsignor Paul J. O'Dea Sunday, in the third address of the current Borromeo lecture series at St. Charles Seminary. Listing excessive nationalism as the primary cause of all international wars during O’Dea. who is dean of studies at St. Charles, made these recom mendations for peace: 1. Each nation of the Wett er n world should look to the religious foundations upon which their common civiliza tion is based. 2. Nations should share their cultural and educational treas ures. 3. Citizens should as individ uals or as groups seek to solve their problems, rather then foisting them upon the state, Diversification of responsibil ity is the prevention and pro Rites Sunday to Honor Patron Of Diocese, Catholic Press file past century, Monsignor caution against the totalitarian state. 4. Voluntary international as sociations, including the United Nations, should be given great er consideration. 5. Now measures could be studied for economic coopera tion between nations. Monsignor O’Dea defined na tionalism as a “feeling unifying a group of people who have a real or imagined histoneal experience, and a common aspiration to live together as a separate group in (Continued on page 2) Teachers Interpret Progress for Parents satisfactory as it gives opportunity for greater accuracy of measurement. The numerical system (70 to 100) assumes that precise measurement is possible and the U-S system does not challenge the student. Six times a year the teachers of the Diocese are requir ed to evaluate the progress of our twenty five thousand children. How does the teacher do this? First, the teacher must evaluate the work the child is doing on the basis of the requirements of the grade she instructs. Is the child mas tering the material he is expected to master? The teacher checks the student s progress in the light of her experience with the child, his work, his tests and his response in class. Identification of this progress is made by using the symbols A.B.C.D and E. The evaluation thus derived is recorded on the official school forms and then placed on the report card for the child and for the parent. The report card indicates to the child and to the parent, the kind of work the child is doing. This should help both child and parent to know what to do in the future. What does the A.B,C, system mean? A recent article on grading pointed out what most parents think of these marks: “A—means fine good work, the pupil is acceptable. (Continued on page 2) A Solemn High Mas* will be offered in St Joseph Cathedral at 11 00 a Sunday n celebration of the patronal feast. Monsignor Harry S. Connelly pastor of the Cathedra), and celebrant of the Mass, will be assisted by Father George Fulcher deactn. Father Arthur Dimond, subdeacon and Father Patrick Byrne, master of ceremonies Father George Buch mann will preach the sermon The feast day. Bishop Ready declared this week, should be an occasion for priests and the laity to pray "not only for the sanctification of our individual lives, but for the growth ot the Church in this See through the conversion of those who are now outside the fold." Bishop Ready asserted that participation in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and reception of Ho ly Communion Sunday will be “a means of expressing our heartfelt thanks to Almighty God for the manifold blessings received under ihe patronage of St Francis and Moat Powerful WeapoM In Battle for Peace Is Prayer Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Bishop Ready Praises Religious Publications The tremendous importance of a press grounded in moral values was emphasized by Bishop Ready this week as the Catholic world once again prepared for the observ ance of Catholic press month In the Columbus Diocese as in the rest of the free world, the special month will be ushered in Sunday with the celebration of the feast of St Francis de Sales. The day. which is teimed Cath olic Pres« Sunday will have add ed significance in that St Fran cis is not only the patron saint of the Catholic pres« but also the patron of the diocese will be the most efficacious peti tion to insure our future needs In pointing out the value of the Catholic press. Bishop Ready, in a letter to all clergy, religious, and faithful of the diocese, cited the pronouncements of Saint Pius X. Despite the "inestimable im portance" of the perish church and school, Bishop Ready as sorted, the "great pontiff stat ed that the building of them would be in vain if they were not aided by a watchful and vigorous Catholic press." Mere over, Pope Pius XII has noted, the Bishop continued, that the duty and honor of the press is "to enlighten, nourish end ele vate minds and hearts." The Bishop added: “The press cannot fulfill this precious duty if we do not sup port and read it Alluding to the progress of the Catholic press th- Bishop ex pressed “deep gratitude” to the zealous and self-sacrificing labors of writers and technicians, to the priests and laity for their “un failing loyalty’ and to the busi ness firms who have added their support through advertisements in the Catholic Times. Ha assorted tha* if is moat appropriate on Catholic Press Sunday to ask the intercession (Continued on page 2) Lay Retreat Movement Showing Rapid Growth The growth of the lay retreat movement in the diocese was made evident this week in reports submitted by the religious activities committee of the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women and the Laymen's Retreat League. During 1955, a total of 1.308 lay people made retreats at the diocesan retreat house, the Shrine of the Little Flow er on E Broad St. Both the Retreat League and the D.C.C W established new rec ords for the number of retreats made under their sponsorship. Last year marked the first time that the League sponsored over 600 retreats in any one year, when a total of 703 men partici pated in the spiritual exercises at the Shrine. The D.C.C.W. sponsored 605 re treats in 1955, the first time they had gone over the 600 mark, too In 1950, for example, only 441 men end 330 women took advantage of the opportunity to meke the retreat. In a breakdown bv deanery, ac cording to the 1955 report. 454 men participated from the central deanery 71 from the western deanery 81 from the eastern deanery. 54 from the southern deanery and 31 from the northern deanery. Some of the outstanding parish es so far as number of retreat ants is concerned are Holy Ros ary 60. St. Agatha 44. St. James the Less 45. St. Mary. Lancaster, 52, and St Mary Delaware, 38. A breakdown by deanery in the D.C.C.W report shows that 413 women from the central deanery participated, 30 from the north ern deanery 41 from the southern deanery. 72 from the eastern deanery and 39 from the western deanery. Outstanding parishes were Cor pus Christi with 47 retreatants, St. Mary’. Lancaster with 37. Sa cred Heart. Coshocton with 26 and St. Joseph Cathedral with 27. The complete schedule for the remainder of 1956 rollows: Retreats for Men 1956 Jan. 27-29—St. James-the-Lesa. Feb. 10-12—Corpus Christi. Feb. 24-26—Our Lady of Vic tory, St. James-the-Less. Mar. 8-11 (3 day)—**Founders Group. Apr 6-8 Catholic War Vet erans. St. James-the-Less. Apr. 13-15—Sacred Heart. Co shocton St. Vincent DePaul, Mt. Vernon. Apr. 20-22—St. Leo. Apr. 27-29 St Mary. Ports mouth May 11-13 St. Michaels, Wor thington St. Patrick. May 25-27—St. James-the-Less. June 8-10 Immaculate Con ception St. Mary. June 22-24 St. Joseph Cathed ral St. Mary, Lancaster. June 29—July 1 Holy Ro sary (Msgr. Mattingly Group) July 6-8 St. Mary. Marion. (Continued on page 2) This scene will take place in many homes throughout the dio cese next week when Johnny walks in with his report card end waits for the reaction from his parents. To help parents in eval uating the recort card, the accompanying article has boon prepared by the Diocesan School Office.