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A Good Catholic
I* a Well* Informed Catholic Vol. V, No. 18 Changing World Automation and the Worker By Dr. J. Laurence Phalen This is the first of five articles tn which the Chief Economist Of the Boston Housing Authority, former teacher of economics at Boston Colleae and Boston University. discusses social and econ omic problems confronting our changing world and suggests ac ceptable solutions In a recent issue of a national magazine appeared a eartoon depicting a large, modern factory bearing the sign “Engine-block Division. Automation Plant.” Finished en gine blocks were pouring out of all sides of the plant, breaking down the walls and side. A distraught employe driv ing by was shown crying out to a friend, “Good Lord, I turn off the factory week end.” forgot to over the ludicrous Certainly this was a picturization Yet it graphically portrayed a growing force of great importance to us. both as consumers and producers As con sumers, it is likely that all stand to gain the results of automation will be to furnish us with more and better of the material things of life. As producers, we are subject to many more diverse fac tors, some good and some bad —and the bad could well out weigh the good for the many in dividuals who may suffer from unemployment What Is Automation? Before proceeding too far this article, it is well to know what automation means in terms of current thinking. The millions of us who watched Bishop Fulton Sheen on television last year cer tainly were well exposed to the word by his sponsors It has been said that, by itself, the word “au tomation” has more romance than meaning. When we try to go b«- Public Schools In Boston Owe Catholics Debt BOSTON. MASS. (NO— Parochial school students in this city will account for an estimated $668,330 in State aid to public schools during the 1956-57 school year, ac cording to figures compiled by the Boston School Depart ment. Under chapter 70 of the Gen eral Laws nf Massachusetts, the State annually distributes funds to each city for (he aid of its public schools. The amount to be given is based on the number of all children (7 to 16 years) in the city. In Boston, according to statis tics compiled by John P. Sulli van. head of the Division of Sta tistics and Publicity of the Boston School Department, about one third (33.62 per cent) of the stu dents here attend parochial schools. The total estimated aid which will be given to Boston's public schools is $2,047,370. One third of this, or $668,330, is based on pupils in parochial Schools but parochial schools do not receive it. About $47,700 will be given to Boston's public schools on the basis of school age children who are State wards, students at non-Catholic private schools or not in school. Mr. Sullivan also disclosed that in this city, parochial school en rollments are increasing more rapidly than those of public schools. Tile city of Boston is the center of this archdiocese, but the archdiocese is larger. nr U piling up in great heaps out- hind the word and describe the kind of technological change it represents, we come up against complexity and vagueness As briefly as we can explain it, automation means greater planning of the use of mater ials, together with increased utilization of automatic machin ery operated by automatic con trol systems. Also, an import ant component of automation is the development of computing machinery for recording and preserving information, and for performing both simple and in volved mathematical operations on such information. Automation, in the above sense, has as its purpose the increasing of output of superior quality pro ducts with a lesser expenditure of physical labor. As citizens of the greatest industrial nation in history, we well know ths mater ial benefits to consumers found in improvement in the produc tive processes Growing automa tion could well give us a national output of goods and services far beyond the wildest dreams of a few years ago. Displacement of Workers As with all benefits, there are possibly heavy costs attached to automation. Depending upon its rate of development, there may well be job displacement harmful to many individuals and to the country as a whole. If sharp in crease in automation takes place in a period of prosperity, the problems of job displacement will be less serious than if in a per iod of depression In prosperity, displacement of workers likely will be less because of ability of the market to absorb increased output also, displaced workers will be able to obtain other ployment more easily. Osservatore said that pro posals for observing the Pope's birthday are reaching the Vat ican from all parts of the world. Characteristic note of the proposals Osservatore stat ed, is that they refrain from suggesting merely demonstra- Gladly do We impart from Our heart the Apostolic Blessing, both to the priests, religious and laymen who devote themselves so self-sacri ficingly to the apostolate of the Catholic Press, and to all Catholics who by their support make possible the continuance and by their intelligent interest come to live more fully the Christian life in conformity with the mind of Holy Church. POPE PIUS xn oQecceeoGoeQooeoeeceooGQCGeooeeeeeocooev (With the arrival of “Exam Week”, pupils, teachers and parents focused their attention on the periodic inventory taken in the classrooms. This is an inventory of things learned and the interpretation of this inventory in the form of a report card is of greatest importance to parents. With this tn mind, the Diocesan School Office prepared the following article. This is the second and final article in the series, the first of which appeared in last week’s issue of the Catholic Times.) Perhaps, the explanation the Diocesan Supervisors give to your children may help to clarify further the letter sys tem for parents. During the visitation of a classroom on, near, or shortly after report day, the Supervisor inquires if the children have received their six week’s pay checks. Either silence or spontaneous laughter follows this remark. Sometimes a dazed boy will be heard to remark, “Pay check? I don’t get it.” Usually comprehension dawns, “You mean our report cards.” The stage is set for a fuller explanation. First the parallel of the work of parents and the work of the Ij □$ i •"spaper I '2» Divrsron 1 1 IL cor ST5E MUSEtJ“ 5 j.j io onio Members of the Council of the International Catholic Commission were received in audience by His Holiness Pope Pius XII, at which time they presented to the Pontiff, the final report on the 1953 international Catholic Migration Con ference held in Breda, Holland. From left are Msgr. Joseph F. McGeough. of the Vatican Sec- POAU Told However. Dr. Willard E Gos lin, head of the Division of School Administration at the George Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville. Tenn injected a new note in his address to the largest meeting of the conference em- sub- History has shown that stitution of machinery and im proved technical methods for la bor has resulted in displacement (Continued on page 2) Dr. Goslin said he didn want to say that religious education, worship services or Sunday school attendance are bad prac tices. but he was concerned about Spiritual Celebrations to Mark Holy Father’s 80th Birthday VATICAN CITY (NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII wants celebrations marking his 80th birthday to be strictly spiritual in nature. He cannot accept “gaudy demonstra tions’’ even if they are well meant and prompted by filial devotion. This was made clear in an editorial in Osservatore Romano, Vatican City daily, cording to present plans, the spir itual observance of the Holy Fa ther's birthday on March 2 and the 17th anniversary of his coro nation on March 12 will reach a combined climax on Laetare Sunday (March 11) vhen the Pope will celebrate Mass in St. Peter’s Basilica. The newspaper said that, ac- five celebrations, stressing in stead "renewed pledges of pray er ... of new centers of re ligious life and spiritual expan sion ... in keeping with constant example set by Pope. the the here It has also been learned that many countries which main tain diplomatic relations with the Holy See plan to send special del egations to Rome who will prob ably attend this Mass According to reports not yet officially confirmed the Sacred Congregation of ‘he Affairs of Religious has issueo instructions that on March 11 special Masses should be celebrated in all relig ious houses throughout the world. Reports also say that the Congre gation has directed religious su periors everywhere to hold Tri duums ending March 2 in which Religious will pray for the Pope’s intention. It has been reported from Spain that the nation’s Bishops have decided to build a new Spanish College in Rome in honor of the Pope with contributions from the Bishops, government and people of Spain. Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, February 3, 1956 Pope Receives Migration Experts Protestants Violate Principle Of Church, State Separation WASHINGTON (NC) POAU heard here, with an obvious lack of enthusiasm, that “Protestant innovations’* in public school classrooms violate the separation of church and state Protestants and other Americans United for Separation of Church and State have just held their eighth National Conference on Church and State here. and. like the preceding sev en. it was given oxer in consider able part to attacks on the Cath olic Church and Catholic schools whether they belonged in the public schools. "An American child's rights ere infringed," he declared, "if religious activities are carried on in his classrooms that are nutside the limits of the beliefs that have been taught in his home and church. It should be remembered that most of the practices to which I am pres ently referring are Protestant innovations practiced in pre dominantly Protestant com munities." This struck at the heart of a primp POAU fetish, namely that Catholics are constantly seeking to infiltrate the public schools with their religious teachings, and it was received with a notice able coolness by Dr Goslins auditors. retariate of State Mr. J. J. Norris, I.C.M.C. chairman His Holiness Prof. Giordane Dell 'Amore, member. I.C.M.I. governing commit tee Prof. G. H. L. Zeegers, Dutch refugee prob lems expert, and Dr. Johanner Schuff, I.C.M.C. vice-chairman. Blanshard, Vermont anti-Catholic writer, theatrical “gimmick” Dr Paul lawyer and employed a in his attack upon the Catholic Church. In what was admittedly a fictional account of a cross ex amination of His Eminence Fran cis Cardinal Spellman, Archbish op of New York, before a Con gressional committee, Dr. Blan shard asked questions, uhile the answers of “Cardinal Spellman were read by a Chicago minister hidden behind a curtain. Claiming that POAU has sav ed the American taxpayers mil lions of dollars by its opposi tion to the Catholic Church and schools, Dr. Bhnshard drew applause when he declared: "We held the line against text books, and we have almost held if against school busses." He promised unrelenting opposi tion to efforts to get welfare benefits for children attending church-related schools. Dr. Frederick H. Olert, minis ter of the Second Presbyterian Church. Richmond, Va.. also told the meeting that education can not remain neutral or secular. He called for a union of Protestants to prevent the conversion of the United States by the Catholic Church. He said there would be no room for Protestants in this country if it were converted by the Catholics. Dr Charles Clayton Morrison, founder and editor emeritus of The Christian Century, was elect ed president of POAU. pupil is pointed out. Parents get paid for the work they do according to type and amount. In the same way the pupil is paid for the kind and amount of work he does. Then the children with the help of the Supervisor set up the salary scale on the basis commonly accepted in our business world An “A” goes to the Executives. “B” to those directly under the Executives, “C” to the workers, “D” to those working part time, and “E” to the unemployed. It is recog nized that this scale is kept if the work done is worth the amount paid We can go up and down scale. We might have the ability to be an executive and only do the work of a worker. Also, this picture helps the child to see that a “C” is the pay received by the majority and is the average salary given. After this explanation the Supervisor asks if a “C” is a good grade. Then the confessions come: “My Daddy doesn’t think so” “My mother expects me to get A’s.” “I get a dollar for every A.” The teachers are forced to compete with the interpre* 4 TV Talks To Be Given By Fi. Wolf Father John Wolf, profes sor at St Charles Seminary, will give four televised talks during February’ on WBNS TV’s “Columbus Churches” program. •'The first address schedul ed 2 00 p.m Sunday, will be given on the topic. “The Blessed Faiher John Wolf Trinity.” Father Wolf will explain the significance of believing there are three persons in God. Report Cards: Teachers Interpret Progress for Parents olic Times In 247 marriage decision* 10R marriage were dec ared null and void while 139 decisions upheld the validity of the marriages There have been frequent charge* that only wealthy peo pie can afford to beat the ex pense of seeking to have a mar riage annulled The falsity of such charges was again shown by this year's report, which pointed out that of the 108 de cisions pronouncing a marriage null and void, almost 40 per eent were handled without any charge. In more than 43 pet cent of all 251 cases before th? Rota in 1955 the Hols Ser ha* paid the expenses. While the actual Bishop Ready urged the fai’h ful to read passages from the Scriptures daily and called to at tention the indulgence* which can he granted for such reading Use of the Bible as the basis of discussion by various relig ious clubs in the parishes re ceived the Bishop's whole hearted commendation. For the past several years, he pointed out, the Diocesan office of the Confraternity of Christian Doc trine, working in conjunction with the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women, has sponsored that one the On subsequent Sundays, priest will discuss Ash Wednes day and meditate on the sub ject of death (Feb. 12) the par ticular and general judgment and the realities of heaven and hell (Feb. abuse of (Feb. 26). 19) and the use and the gift of speech of LaRue, O., Father A native Wolf is one of 10 children of the late Kilian and Clara Wolf. He has-five sisters who are nuns, two brothers who are priests, an other brother who is a brother in a religious community and a bro ther who is married. Ordained May 19, 1945 by Bish op Ready. Father Wolf served as an assistant at St. .Joseph Ca thedral for six years. He was named to the St Charles College faculty in 1953. aftei completing two years of special studies at the Angelicum College. Rome. It aly. In addition, the Bishop encour- Catholic Press Complimented By President NEW YORK (NC) The contributions which the Catholic Press has made “to the spiritual life of the na tion” and its concern for the “moral education of young people" were praised by Pre sident Eisenhower in a letter saluting the observance nf Catholic Press Mon*h during Feb ruary. Sent to the headquarters of the Catholic Press Association here, the President’s letter said: “Please convey to the members of the Catholic Press Association my appreciation for their contri butions to the spiritual life of the nation, and of their concern for the moral education nf young people. “To all of you 1 extend warm best wishes for a fruitful observ ance, one which will foster good ctiizenship among those who par ticipate in it in communities large and small throughout the country.” —tations parents have placed on the “A.” Many would gladly eliminate grading altogether to avoid the discom forts caused by the valoe placed on the "A." Extraordin ary achievement and progress can not be accomplished by many children. The “A” has a very special meaning. “Is my child just average?” If your child is receiving “C’s” on his report card, understand that he is doing the work required of him. Be satisfied he is doing the work expected Don’t get too complacent, get him to do better if he can and to raise his grades. However, do not force this to the degree you cause too much anxiety to the child When your child brings his report card home this six weeks, examine more closely the contents and make-up of the card. Stop to consider the marking code which reads: A—outstanding achievement B—above average C—average D—below average E—failure. Read the character traits listed: Obedience, Co-operation, Orderli ness, Self-Control, Attention, Protecting Property, General Report Refutes Claim Only Rich Can Appeal Cases to Vatican Rota VATICAN CITY (NC) Once again the Sacred Roman Rota has handled fret of charge close to half of the cases submitted to it from all parts of the world. The Rota is the Vatican court of appeals from diocesan tribunals in marriage cases. The report on the Rota's work during 1955 released here by the Vatican Presi Office showed that 251 deewoa* were handed down in that and that all except four concern ed appeals for declaration* of nullity of marriages amnun' ot the** expence 1955 is not yet known in 1954 they totaled about $30,000 B-side- the 247 marriage ca-es. the Rota handed dn-^n decisions in t-.-.n reparation cases There •a- a dp'r-ion al*o in one drputc involving a building contract in Mexico and one concerning the seizure of documents. Th» Rota is the ordinary Tri bunal rf the Holy See The origin nf the none anplieci to this high court i- nrt p. hr-torv Some *a that -ince the Roman judge when trying a case were accu turned to -it a circle the latm torm ua* applied to them The v ord is still useful toda* in designating thi* augu hndv of ecclesiastical nidge since they are accv-tomed tn sj. on ca*'** rotating .-tyle. Value of Bible Study Emphasized by Bishop Catholics throughout the Diocese this week were urged by Bishop Ready to become better acquainted with Sacred Scripture. In a letter to pastors during Bible Week. Bishop Ready asserted that the knowledge of the Bible, which is one of the foundations of our faith, is of ten lacking in structure and strength. He declared "We have depended so much on the systemefic presentation of the catechism tn teach the truths of the Catholic Faith that the inspired Word of God is not known by the faithful well as we would wish." these discussion clubs which meet during Lent Formation of additional club would be fruitful, the Bishop added. aged the reading of Bible in the home by evejv member of the family. In concluding Bishop Ready said that in thr Bible r- Mont Powerful Weapon In Battle for Peace la Prayer Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year The Rota judges are not call ed judges but Auditors This term indicates that they are necessary substitutes for the Holy Father himself who possesses within himself, as Christ's vicar, the full judicial power In all other points, the Roman tribunal in its personnel and officers resembles the civil courts of justice famil iar to us in this country. Rota judges are named by the Holy Father The requirements of knowledge and virtue are among the highest, for any appointees in the complex structure of the Holy See Two Americans at the pres ent time hold positions at judge or auditor „n the Roman Rota. They are Monsignor Ed ward Brennan of the Philadel phia Archdiocese and, more lately. Father William Doheny, a priest of the Hol* Cross Con gregation. The Dean of this high court is a Frenchman, Monsignor Andre Jullien. The juridical relationship of the Rota tn all other Church Courts is one of final appeal. Th? Code of Canon Law envisions ju dicial contests as being carried nn in Dioca-an court as tribun al* nf -t instance The appeal nf a -entence from courts of fir--' instance is referred to Arch diore-an Tribunals as courts of r-econd instance According to canonica1 norms of law the Rota as the Tribunal nf final appeal although a pause may b? introduced directly tn the Rota a- nf first instance Thn large majnrity of cases ag I’ated before church Tribunal* today concern the bond of Chris tian marriage Thp recent re port of the Rota breaks down th*, causes heard during the past year aren dins tn their definitive sentence for or against nullity. out way our truth and our life He asserted “We must kno'« Gods Word better ourselves an i be Hr- au thoritative voice in familiarizing His children on eaith ’i’h the divine character nf its message The Rota is especially con ernnd that ca-p- be tried in (Continued on page 2) Bible Translator St. Jerome, at the command of Pope Damascus, produced the Latin Vulgate version of the Bible, taking 23 years to translate original texts and completing the task almost singlehandedly in the year 406. After its completion, the Council of Trent held th* Vulgate, to be "authentic in public readings, disputations, preach ings. and expositions." St. Jerome is portrayed (above), with th* Bible, in a picture titled, "The Hermit." Conduct. Note that no mark means that the child has made satisfactory progress. Heed the advice given to the Parents and Guardians on the back of the card To Parents or Guardians: “This reuort card endeavors to give you an idea of the work your child is doing in school. In addition to the academic work, it shows the progress or lack of it in the character formation of your child. “It is advisable for you to consult the teacher from time to time concerning the progress of your child. This is par ticularly true if he or she receives low grades in his or her academic work or continues to receive check marks for character traits.” If you aren't satisfied with your child’s progress attend your next P.T.A. meeting and talk to his teacher about him. It might be you will want a special conference Call for an appointment. Parents help make the report card a mean ingful instrument to the child, and to the teacher.