Clarifies ‘Life’ Article
The following remarks were prepared for the N.C.W.C. News
Service as a result of a number of questions concerning 7,IFF
magazines series of articles on “The Epic of Man’, particularly
the installment on “The Daunt of Religion.” The author is pro
fessor of Anthropology at the Catholic University of America.
A recognized expert in the field of culture anthropology, he has
made, extensive studies of primitive, peoples noir living in remote
regions of South America, South and Central Africa, the Philip
pines and elsewhere.
By the Rev. Martin Gueinde, S.V.D.
An amazing amount of detail and confirmed fact con
cerning the life, occupation, material goods, and ideas of
man in his earliest existence is now known.
But the. science of ethnology is still a young one. Only
has the study of pre-historic
hl about’the past 100 years
man come into its own.
Today we know much more
about the long-disappeared pre
historic than we know about some
Indian tribes now living in re
mote regions of South America.
The study of men i menl
Fepe Pius XII, in the 1950 on
cyclical "Humani Generis," ask
ed and encouraged us to make
♦hk atudy—the study of man
•nd his origins.
Of course, this study of pre
historic man holds its own diffi
culties. For there is no written
source of information. Many facts
can be acquired only by compar
ison with customs and laws of
Uncivilized peoples now living,
and most of them only by conjec
Nevertheless, many things can
be stated with historic accuracy
about the early ages of man. par
ticularly from the Palaeolithic
Age on—the limp in which man
came tn use stone for his imple
ments and weapons. And because
stone is imperishable stuff, there
exist here and there the possi
bility, and probability, with the
help of geological science, to de
termine the age of such layers
in which such primitive tools are
The period of thp Palaeolithic
Age. or Old Stone Age. hegan n
western Europe about 600.000
years before Christ.
During the very long Palaeo
IHhic period man made much
progress in his material activity,
seen and proved by differ
•nt tools and weapons. Their
specific shapes and forms en
able us to divide the very long
Old Stone Age into the
Lower and Upper Paleolithic
Age. Simultaneously with this
development of better and more
efficient weapons, man perfect
•d is hunting methods.
The end of the Upper Pal ic
lithic era gave way to the Meo
and Neolithic, or New Stone. Age.
recognizable by astonishing prog
rewe in material activity—the he
ginning of horticulture and aari
culture. And simultaneous with
thia rise came the flowering of
magic beliefs and practices. Then
in the relatively short period of
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Early Man’s Belief in God
about 20,000 years, beginning with
the Meso and Neolithic Age. man s
astonishing development from
the polished stone tool to the
atomic bomb ensued.
In regard to the Religion and
magic of the tribes still existing
on a cultural level similar Io that
nf pre Palaeolithic man. the sur
prising and well proven fad is
that they recognize and worship
one Supreme Being, an independ
ent personality, the powerful One
who is creator of the world, the
lawgiver and origin of moral ob
On the other hand, magic
doesn't play any significant
role, or is completely lacking,
or brought in from tribes of
more advanced culture.
Thp samp thing is true of to
temism. which came to its highest
development only when man ad
vanced to the status of cattle rais
er. But while totemism does have
influence on a
structure, it has
nothing to do
is no evidence,
despite what the LIFE article in
dicated, that the first man was
dominated by fear! This theory is
an obsolete one now abandoned by
11 is a universally proven fad
that wherever vestiges of early
man are found, these finds lead
us Io recognize him as a complete
ly developed being mentally- not
half animal and half human.
That the very primitive man
was in full possession of human
mental capacities and powers is
shown by the fad that he discov
ered the most useful and import
ant inventions, such as the use of
fire, the wheel, and efficient
weapons. All of these are based
on logical deliberations.
Such deliberations also led
early man to the recognition
of one powerful Author of the
section of the earth where he
found himself. Man saw the ma
terial world as a thing filled
with manifold objects and pow
ers—so he postulated as a uni
versal cause a Supreme Being.
This interpretation stands in
accurate concordance with the
tangible facts found in the liv
ing food-gatherers. One personal
Supreme Being is recognized and
worshiped by prayers and sacri
fices- a true and complete relig
ion. Magic is lacking completely,
or almost completely, on this
very low' cultural level.
Another important detail: This
Supreme Being is not at all the
object of a serious fear. While
there is fear on the part of man
in the sense that the Supreme Be
ing watches the fulfillment of his
moral dispositions, on the whole,
this Being is considered as bene
volent, kind, father of all men,
Thus the assumption that the
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religion of parly man rooted in
fear is wrong.
In the first insfallmpnt of
LIFE s “Epic of Man scrips man
was classified as a “human am
M«m, by his mental capacities,
however, is diflerentiated from
animals. The difference in men
lality between man and animal is
so marked that no serious an
thropologist believes in a kind of
evolution of animal soul info hu
man soul both entities are com
pletely different essences.
It is an obvious and serious er
ror to classify man as a “human
Obviously, all reconstruction
of pre-historic man. as published
in LIFE, are more or less hypo
thetical as to their anatomical
morphological accuracy, involving
Further investigation, surely,
will reveal more evidence about
the life, the bodily form and the
culture of pre historic man. But
let u be cautious in their inter
pretatioi and let us avoid inter
pretations and conclusions which
cannot he derived from the con
crete evidence of the real and his
K of Notes
MARION Marion Council,
Knights of Columbus, last week
honored 10 members who have
heen with the council for 25
Frank Txihr was chairman of
the program at which special rec
ognition was given tn Paul G.
Speyer. Roy Campton. Roman
Knecht. Brynes Chapman. Ray
mond Eckenrode. William Hagen,
John Kelly. William McAndrew.
Richard Norris and Thomas An
Robert Butterman announced
that a Pre Lenten Valentine af
fair for members and their wives
has been set for Feb. 14
new council home.
cil 721 will hold a stag
for members and guests tn the
council club rooms
Feh. 14. Program
Jack Brirgardner is
The council was
Sunday to candidates
Zanesville, New Lexi n o n
Lancaster and Newark councils
for exemplification of the sec
ond degree. Another major de
gree will be held in February
at New Lexington.
Beginning a series of talks on
"God and Courage" on the Ca
♦holic Hour the Rev. John A.
O'Brien, author-in residence at
Notre Dame University, will dis
cuss during the weeks of Feb
ruary, "The Conquest of Fear,"
"'The Stairs of Adversity," "The
Challenge of Life," and "The
"Victory of Faith." The pro
gram is heard on WLW at 2:30
p. m. Sundays.
Reds Du »e
Philbrick Sa VS
BOSTON (NO) Refl
ations which aid communist
causes are signed by ‘a larg
er proportion of ministers
than any other occupation,”1
according to testimony given!
here by a well-known one-1
time FBI counterspy.
Herbert Philbrick, testify
ing at a hearing before the
Massachusetts State Commission,
told investigators: “I would say
that it is in the field of religion
today that the communists are
more successful than in any oth
er field in selling the communist
The statements were prompted
hy a petition which has been sent
to the Massachusetts Governor,
signed by many prominent citi
zens of the state, including Prof
pstant leaders, appealing for an
end to th” commission's investi
gation of communism in the state.
The communists are now trying
to establish themselves once again
as a legal party. Mr. Philbrick
told the commission Investiga
tions have reduced their mem
bership, but the remaining party
members arc a hard, dependable
core and “busier than ever.”
Most of those who sign pro
communist petitions are
communists, he said, "but they
fall into traps and are being
victimized with very great sue
Mr. Philbrick said that he could
not give legal evidence nn the
membership of any local Protest
ant leader in the Communist Par
ty. but he had a gr-eat deal of
Besides his public testimony,
the former counterspy testified
behind dosed doors in executive
session. It was reported that h-”
gave several names to lhe com
of the hearing
named may he
the secret part
and that those
called later for
declared the religion of
Egyptian state in the new
stitution proclaimed here.
However. Article 43 states that
“freedom of worship is unrestrict
ed.” It adds: “The
tees free religious
in accordance with
ed usage in Egypt.
May They 1
BEATHARD. Francis. 47. Lon
don. Jan. 23, St. Patrick church.
Survivors: his wife, Bernice par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Beath
ard. a brother and sister.
GROLLEMUND. Mrs. Mary. 75.
644 Butler Ave., Columbus. Jan.
26, St. Mary church. Survivors:
a son. four grandchildren, eight
great-granachildrcn and a bro
McDEVlTT. James W„ 50. 727
S Eureka Ave. Columbus. Jan
25. SI. Agnes church Survivors
his wife. Margaret: a son. three
daughters, a brother and two sis
STOCKER. Fred H„ 51.
Front St., Columbus Jan
Mary church. Survivors: his wife,
Iva: a daughter, his mother. Mrs.
Margaret Stocker three sisters.
McKEON. Miss Anna, Denni
son, Jan. 25. Immaculate Concep
tion church. No immediate sur
TOSE. Vincent 1.,
mouth, Jan. 25, Holy
church. Survivors: his
line four sons, five
four sisters and a brother.
LARSON, Mrs. Jennie, 83.
Zanesville, Jan. 24.. St, Thomas
church. Survivors: one nephew,
two great-nieces a.id two great
Deanerv Women Set Meetins
Th* second quarterly meeting of the central deanery Co
lumbus Council of Catholic Women will be held Feb. 12 at Our
Lady of Peace church instead of the fifth of the month as orig
inally planned. The announcement was made this week by Miss
Nell Flautt, president of the deanery. Pictured above are Mrs. C.
C. McFarland, president of Our Lady of Peace Parish Council,
at left, and Miss Kathleen Smith, of St. John the Evangelist par
ish, vice president of the central deanery and chairman of the
organization and development committee who will be in charge
of the day's program.
r. Sabrey Notes Pope's Desire
For Laity to Share in Liturgy
The chief aim of Pope Pius Nil’s encyclical Mediator
Dei is tn aive the laity a keener appreciation of lhe real
share they have in the liturgy of the Church.
So declared Father Thomas A. Sabrev Sundav in a talk
at Si. Charles College on the
1947 -encyclical. Delivering the
fourth in a series of Borromeo
lectures, the professor at St.
Charles noted that the papal doc
ument concentrates especially on
the laUy’s appreciation of the
Holy Sacrifice of th.? Mass.
"The Holy Father," the speak
er declared, "praises the work
of those who make the neces
sary efforts to give the peo
pie a practical appreciation of
what he calls their chief privil
ege and foremost duty taking
part in the Holy Mass.
“Some of the method'- he sing
les out for attention
forms of participation
called Dialogue Mass,
ing hymns which are
the themes of the Mass.’’
as the so
Father Sabrey noted, however,
that the Pontiff’s chief r?commen
dation is that the congregation
sing th? Gregorian chant at Ma-s
The Holy Father stressed th”
chant again in a pronouncement
The most important theolog
ical section of "Mediator Dei,"
Father Sabrey continued, is the
understanding of the phrase
increasingly in use today—"the
priesthood of the people."
does not conflict with public
dor or morality.’’
More than 91 per cent of
Egyptians adhere to Moslem
liefs. Around eight per cent
Christians, the majority of whom
belong to the schismatic Coptic
Orthodox Church. Catholics num
ber around 200.000 and are divid
ed among the Latin. Maronite.
Melchite, optic. Syrian. Chaldean
and Armenian Rites.
The priest pointed out that
Pope Pius makes clear that the
expression is not to* be confused
in any way with the priesthood.
So great is the difference, he ex
plained, that lhe Pontiff likens it
to that which exists between a
CAROSIELLI, Carmine. 64. 649
S. Ninth St.. Columbus. Jan. 28,
St. John the Baptist church. Sur
vivors his wife. Maria: two sons,
a daughter, a brother and seven
HOOFFSTETTER Mrs Hanna
A., Canal Winchester Jan. 28. St.
Mary, Groveport. Survivors: her
husband, Carl a daughter, a son.
two brothers and three sisters.
NELSON, George T.. 72. Pros
pect, Jan. 28. St. Mary church,
Delaware Survivors: a son. a
brother, a sister, three grandchil
dren and nieces and nephews.
LOMBARDO. Frank, 63. New
ark. Jan 28. Church of the Bless
ed Sacrament. Survivors: his
wife., Angeline foui daughters,
one son. and three grandchildren
FILDES, John J.. 61,
Northwest Blvd., Columbus,
25. St. Christopher church,
vivors: his wife, Victoria
a daughter, four sisters
SHEARN, John W., 43. Coshoc
ton. Jan. 30. Sacred Heart church.
Survivors: his wife. Mary Jane
three daughters, a son. two sis
ters. and a brother.
McMAHON, Robert R, 66. Mar
ion, Jan. 28. St. Mary church.
Survivors: his wife. Marie a
son, a daughter, four grandchil
dren and a sister.
CAHILL. Joseph J.. 51. 827 Ix
ona Ave., Columbus, Jan. 28. St.
Peter church. Survivors:
Elizabeth: a daughter,
and three brothers.
MONUMENTS OF DISTINCTION
SOO-SOi W. MOUS’D ST.
(NORTHEAST CORNER CALVAR1 CEMETERT) r*
OPEN SUNDAYS 1:30-5:30
EVENINGS BY APPOINTMENT
Monuments Markers Mausoleums
baptized person and one who i«
Nevertheless the Holy Father
asserted, although the people do
not share in the act of consecra
tion, they do offer Mass with the
The fifth and final talk of the
current series will be given at
8 p.m., Sunday at St. Charles
by Father Augustine L. Wink
les. He will discuss "Econom
ics." A question and answer per
iod will follow.
The lectures are being pre
'-ented as a public service by the
St Charles faculty in co-op
eration with the Carolian Club.
Sunday’s talk is open to the pub
lic without charge.
There is nothing new except
what is forgotten. Comte de
METZGER. Mrs. Minnie 74.
2569 N. High St., Columbus. Jan
23. Holy Name church. Survivors:
two sisters, six nenheus
FARMER. Mrs. Orpha. 65. Dan
28, St. Luke church,
sons, a brother.
Barbara, 87, Mt.
Vernon, Jan, 28, St. Vincent de
Paul church. Survivors: a daugh
ter two sons and a sister.
McML’RRAY. Robert. 54. 15 W.
Goodale St.. Columbus. Jan. 27,
St. Patrick church. Survivors
DUNKLE, John 58. Zanes
ville. Jan. 28. St. Thomas church.
Survivors: his wife, Elsie:
sons, two grandchildren,
mother, Mrs. Anna Dunkle,
KESSLER. Clarence. 60,
Mound St., Columbus. Jan.
Francis church. Survivors:
ther. a niece and a nephew.
Mrs. Anna. 65.
Survivors: her husband. Stephen
a daughter, a sister and a bro
WEESE, Charles, Sr., 68. 865
Ebner St., Columbus. Jan. 30. St.
Mary church. Survi ors: his wife.
Mary three sons,
six sisters and six
42. 1513 Kenmore Rd., Columbus,
Jan 30. St. Augustine church
Survivors: her husband. John: a
son. eight brothers, two sisters
and her parents.
HOTRO, John. 66, 923 S. Front
St., Columbus. Jan. 30. St. Mary
church Survivors: one sister.
1944 Oakland Park Ave., Colum
bus. Jan. 28. St. Janies the I^ess
church. Survivors: a brother and
a niece. i
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Fridav Feb 3. 1956 THE ATHOLIC TIMES—3
Los Angeles Street Corner
Likened to the Sea of Galilee
LOS ANGELES (NC) Except for blue sky, there’i
nothing about downtown Ixs Angeles tn remind you of th«
Sea of Galilee. And on days of Smog Red. there isn’t even
Rut smog or shine, you’re reminded of the Sea of Gali
lee on Saturday mornings when you see some 30 people
at Ninth and Grattan
e.-ful r°st aura
King wh runs one of
I, A more popular rating plai
comedian lack Haley looking
sharp and alert de.pite an MC
job the night before a fireman,
too. ea'-y-'-miling Frank Stuben
rauch. pert Mrs. Audrey McRann.
a convert: Mrs. Margaret Delmer.
a housewife, and others.
All of tnem are drawn here to
this !itt|p downtown corner for
the. -ainc reason that folk‘s some
what like themselves gathered
long ago by the chores of the Sea
of Galilee They’re disciples.
These 30 are volunteer cate
chists. Each Saturday morning
they comp downtown tn Ninth
and attan. to lhe headquarters
nf the Confraternity of Christian
Doctrine There they spend twn
hours preparing themselves tn
After a 11 weeks course,
they go to work.
Their field will
ish high schools
established in all
archdiocese by the Confraterni
ty. They will teach the great
number of Catholic high school
students who have nor yet been
accommodated in Catholic high
schools. These high school
youngsters have received high
est priority in the Confraterni
be the par
areas of the
In the pa«t si' years Catholic
population i n this four-county
archdiocese’ has increased from
625.000 to 1.000.000. Training
schools for lay catechists have
been established by the Contra
ternity in all major communities
of the archdiocese xhich extends
275 miles along the coast from
San Clemente north to Santa Ma
For Father Sauro
SOMERSET—A Requiem Mass
was offered here yesterday for
Father Augustine B. Sauro. O.P.,
51. who had be-?n assistant pastor
at Holy Trinity parish for the
past five years. The Mass was of
fered in Holy Trinity church.
Father Sauro. a native of Char
leston. Mass., was ordained in
June. 1936. in St. Dominic church.
by th.? Apos-
During 1937 and 1938 Father
Sauro served as assistant pator
of St. Thomas parish. Zanesville
Other assignments prior to 1951
when he was named assistant at
Holy Trinity, included St. Dorn
inic parish. New Orleans St. Mary
parish. New Haven. Conn. St.
Joseph parish. Palisade. N. J. St.
Peter parish. Memphis. Tenn. and
chaplain of penal institutions,
mostly penpie like the Kings and
the Haleys. Their reasons for vol
unteering are all based on bed
rock reality no yearning for
spotlight publicity, hut a realis
tic appreciation that they must
help keep the pilot lights of faith
burning in this growing genera
tion of Californians.
Take Fireman Frank Stubeiv
rauch. One of hia buddies
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"If he can do 4, I can do it,*
Mr. Stubenrauch decided. He
volunteered. Comedian Jack
Wdey was matter-of-fact seri
ous about his reason for volun
teering. He has a son who will
be graduated this summer from
Loyola University hire. In grat
itude for being able to give hie
son a complete Catholic edu
cation, Mr. Haley decided te
do what he could to help the
religious education of other
Restaurateur John King put if
this way: “I’ve made a financial
success of the business of selling
fried chicken. So I decided not tn
be hesitant or fearful of selling
the greatest product of all—the
love of God—to teen-agers whn
need Him so desperately.”
Another 10 weeks and another
cadre of Confraternity minute
men will bp at their posts in the
parish high schools of religion.
IT PAYS TO USE THE
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