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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, February 24, 1956, Image 4

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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. Feb. 24. 1956
THE
CATHOLIC TIMES
Published Every Week by
The Catholic Times, Inc.
Columbus. Ohio
NOTICE: Send All Changes ol Address to
P. O. Box 636 Columbus. Ohio
Executive and Editorial Offices.
246 E. Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio
Address all communications tor publication
to P. O. Box 636 Columbus 16, Ohio
Telephones: CA. 4-5195 CA 4-5196
Price of The Catholic Time* i« IS p*' year. Al)
«ub»criptiona ahonld he presented to oi.r offtee through
the pastor* of the pariahea.
Remittance* ahonld be made payable to the Cath
hc Time*
Anonymon* enmmumrationa will be disregarded
We do not hold our*el»ee responsible for any
opinion* expreaeed in the communication* of out
correspondent*.
Entered a* Second Clan* Matter at Poet Office
Columbu* Ohio.
SL Francis de Sales. Patron of the Catholic Prase
Pray for us!
This Paper Printed by Union Labor
Church I rges I s
To Get Tough
If i quite true that thp dead arc our masters
and that the heritage we |ea\p in the world will
greatly influence the generation of tomorrow for
good or evil. Men in our times, however, seem to
have abandoned the old norm of judging great
-ness Wp admire civilization through guide hooks
and picture post cards, and do very little to make
the contributions to the world that were made in
•past centuries. We love the monuments of old,
.’or at least boast that we do, but we are incapable
of the action that built them
I'he very gentleness of our sedentary culture
ha- led us to love and admire the extraordinary
heroes and accomplishments of another day, and
’.this same lo\c initiated our decadence We are
nnt marked hy an active original, rough, strong
civilization. but hy a \erbal initiative, insincere
pacific one The man of action yields to the man
of words, the book takes the place of the sword,
and great words- win the honor that was hitherto
*accorded only to great deeds. We certainly
stand in admiration ol the austerities and stren
uous deeds of history’s heroes, but only in s-a(e
seclusion From a civilization of muscles, stone,
and iron, we have succeeded to a civilization of
nerves pens, and papers.
Perhaps today will be known to future gen
erations as a period of weakening and decline
And if
wp
would return to a lite more intense and
more energetic than that which
wp
now live, we
must forget the lust foi ornament and return to
deeper and more hitter springs.
Thprp was a time in the history of the Church
when men and women took it for granted that
Lenten la«r( and abstinence should he rigorously
prat iced Today we look for every excusing
i ause to exempt ourselves Indulgence is the
characteristic of our day self denial is virtually
forgotten if we do not plead that fasting will
harm our health, then we likely trump up the
old gag that our work is too strenuous to permit
us to fast.
Strangely enough the substandard diet im
posed of necessity on millions of Europeans has
not notably reduced their productivity, and in
many instances it has improved their health We,
of course, regret the tragedies abroad and do not
coun'-el the status quo as a permanent condition,
hut it is obvious that a little fasting can bring a
definite promotion of health
If is often by physical austerity that we grow
spiritually and certainly the Church' recalls us
in the rigors of I xml for this reason We arc ad
monished to toughen ourselves, voluntarily to en
Huie privations that will strengthen us against
the inevitable temptations ahead If we allow the
opportunities for building our spiritual health to
escape us during the next few weeks, I .ent will
not be a lime of tebirth and it may br a time of
death Soft living usually indicates spiritual flab
hiness and it is hard to conceive of thp dilettantes
nf today being saints tomorrow 'I’he stairway tn
heaven is pretty steep, and each step is an act of
self denial
Courage for the Struggle
The Gospel of the Second Sunday of I .ent
fells the story of the Transfiguration of Christ,
Which took place in the presence of three of His
disciples He took them away with Him into
the silence and seclusion of a high mountain,
4nri there let them have a glimpse of His di
Vine glory. They saw His face shining “like the
»un they saw His garments become “white as
Snnw and out of a height cloud which came
over them they heard a voice saying “This is
My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased
ilear Him!”
How natural it was for Peter, one of the three
chosen to witness this revelation of the Savior's
glory, to cry, “Lord, it is good for us to be here!”
They had been lifted out of their ordinary cares
yy this contact with eternal splendor whatever
Jouhts or perplexities may have assailed them
it times would now fade into insignificance
Although they would return to their worldly con
cerns and the hard conditions of daily life,
+iev would not allow themselves to be overcome
jy them, they would be fortified and .sustained
Uh ays hy the realization that He Whom they
pad served was Master of all things By the trans
figuration they wore strengthened .even for
that day when they would sec Him nailed to a
gross, for they knew that death could not achieve
yictory over Him and that He would unfailingly
rise again.
Something of the feelings that exalted Peter
|nd his companions should be experienced now
jy those ol us who are making an earnest ef
ort to observe Ix-nt Like the chosen three, we
Save responded Io Christ’s invitation to come
gparl from the distractions of the world (or
short time, to stay dose to Him, on the height
tn hi our sell denial and prayer helps us
glimh. Yes, through the graces of a worthily
lived lx»nt His Holy Face shines upon us the
words of the Father come clearly to our cars,
gs we hear them uttered in the liturgy of the
Church
The allurements of the world, ao false and
unsatisfying, lose all attractiveness when looked
down upon from the mountain where Christ is
with us: the world's temptations and threats
Jose their terror Cheered and inspired by the
brightness which Lenten practices have brought
Us. we feel obligated to echo the words of Peter
"Ixird. it is good for us to be here!”
And if we have not yet heeded the invita
tion of the Master, and have not ascended the
mountain to he near Him that is, if we arc al
lowing the entanglements of the world to keep
U* from sharing in the graces He offers at this
holy season the message of St. Paul, in Sun
day’s Epistle, should serve as both a fresh appeal
And a warning "This is the will of God. your
sanctification: that you abstain from all immor
ality because the Ixrd is the avenger of all
these things For God has not called us
into uncleanncss. but unto holiness in Christ
tesus our I-ord
O God' It is a fearful thing to see the human
Mill take uing in any ‘-hape. in any mood—
Lord Byron (1788 1824), ’“Prisoner of Chillon.”
The relations that exist between man and his
Maker, and the duties resulting from those rela
Hons, arp the most interesting and important tn
every human being, and the- most incumbent nn
his study and investigation.-^-Thomas Jefferson
(1743-1825). “Report of Board of Visitors for the
University of Virginia," submitted to Virginia
Legislature Oct. 7, 1822.
We think that Paradise and Calvarie, Christ's
Cross and Adam’s tree, stood in one place. Ixioke.
Ixird, and finde both Adams met in me. As the
first Adam's sweat surrounds my face, may the
last Adam’s Blood my soule embrace, John
Donne.
A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little
minds, adored by little statesmen and philos
ophers and divines. Ralph Waldn Emerson
1803 1832). “Self-Reliance.” Emerson thought
is often distorted by the omission of
the important modifier, “foolish,” in repeating
this quotation.
Just Among Ourselves
Pasting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate
There comes to hand, all free of mailing costs,
Senate Document No. 13. This document, as we
learn from printed notation on inside cover,
is the fruit of S.Con.Res.20. Interpreting these
mystic signs hy what follows in full print, we
judge that the meaning is “Senate Concurrent
Resolution No. 20.” We learn further that this
Concurrent Resolution was “Agreed to August 1,
1955.”
Our lawmakers, both senators and repre
sentatives, beset as they are with endless na
tional, international, and cosmic problems, have
nevertheless found time to come amicably to
gether for the purpose of agreeing to S.Cn.Res.20,
on the Kalends of last August. Ixt no one say,
in the irresponsible spirit of an election year
that our august legislators (capital L) arc not
alert and eager in their drive to serve all the
people all the time. Not snow, nor rain, nor
heat, nor the gloom of night, nor barber’s itch
slays these couriers from the swift completion
of their appointed rounds.
The agreement reached by the Senate and
House of Representatives in S.Con.Res.20 of
August 1, 1955, was “That there be printed
three hundred thousand copies of Senate Docu
ment Numbered 13. Eighty fourth Congress, en
titled ‘Our Capitol,’ ’of which one hundred
thousand copies shall be for the use of tthe Sen
ate and two hundred thousand copies for the
use of the House of Representatives.”
Senate Document Numbered 13 is a pamphlet
of 57 pages, about 9 by 6 inches in size, done
on heavy calendered paper with cover of the
same. Its front cover bears the title “Our Cap
itol,” with the picture of the flag in colors, and the
following sub title: “Factual information Pertain
ing to Our Capitol and Places of Historic Inter
est in the National Capital.”
Pausing upon that sub title for a moment, we
may ask. “Is there any information about things
and places that is not factual information? Why
then is the word factual set needlessly into the
sub title of this descriptive booklet?” We do not
wish to quibble or fuss about trifles, but we
expect anything that comes officially from our
national government and its agencies to be cor
rect in all respects we have a strict right to
such expectation.
This booklet contains a great deal of infor
mation, every item of which is readily available
in travel books, history textbooks, and encyclo
pedias without end. The present digest (Senate
Document No. 13) has no particular merit as a
digest, for it is far from being exhaustively com
plete it presents some objectionable extraneous
matters its illustrations are inadequate Io com
plctc the text it is not too carefully done in point
of English. style, or spelling (in one place for
example, a statue is referred to as a statute (p.
7, line 1).
The thoughtful citizen might well inquire
just what purpose this pamphlet or booklet is
meant to serve. Out of a joint resolution of
Senate and House a person naturally expects
something important and significant. Why, ex
actly. did the great Eighty-fourth Congress sol
einnly decree the printing of 300,000 copies of
this booklet, assigning one third of all the copies
to the use of the Senate and two-thirds to the
House?
For the cost of the publication.—while it
may seem negligible Io a congressman or a sen
ator. appears considerable to the man who pays
for it. Certainly $100,(MX) and more likely a sum
nearer $200,000 was spent in printing and broad
casting this manifestly inferior piece of work.
And what on earth can the Senate want with
100.000 copies, and the House with 200,(XX)?
Well, wc can only suppose that the senators
and representatives want these copies to send out
to the constituencies. For what? To make the con
stituencies aware of the fact that they are not for
gotten by the Brass which represents them and
acts for them in government. Rut a simple postal
card “franked" to escape mailing charge, -with
some such message as “Dear Constituency: We
love you. We think of you. Vote for us again
sometime," would have served as well as this
pamphlet, and would have come to only a frac
tion of the cost. And no Concurrent Resolution
would have been required to justify the broadcast
of the message.
We have said that the booklet,—Senate
Document No. 13. contains some objectionable
matter. It is this. The laying of the cornerstone
of the (’anilol by George Washington. September
18. 179.'1, is described not as a national event,
but as a Masonic event. A silver plate deposited
in the stone explains that the time is the year
nt Masonry 570.7. A note is added to the text
that “the President wore a Masonic apron em
broidered by the wife of General Lafayette."
To millions of Americans Masonry is a false
religion, or. at all events a religion. If the
founders of our republie were so imprudent and
so inconsistent as to set up a symbol of liberty
and equality of all the people and attempt to
do so in the name of a very restricted sect, there
is surely no reason for the Senate and House
to commemorate the infelicity in an expensive
booklet meant to be a solace or sop to the elec
torate Rut there the infelicity stands. And again,
on page 41 of the booklet, we read that the lay
ing of the cornerstone of the Washington Monu
ment was done “with elaborate Masonic ceremon
ies,"
The citizens who read this booklet have a
right to resent the intrusion of such inept
material. Americans honor George Washington
as a great man and a great citizen. If some
honor him as a great Mason, with or without
embroidered apron, that is their own business.
It is distinctly not the business nf the people at
large. And the people's Congress has nn right
tn use the people’s money tn broadcast what is
purely Masonic in the name of what is purely
national.
WASHINGTON LETTER
WASHINGTON—A document
which has received renewed
attention here in recent months
serves to recall some interest
ing facts regarding the early
days of this nation. They are
particularly timely around
Washington’s Birthday.
The document itself is a pros
pectus drawn up in 1786. look
ing to the establishment of
Georgetown in this city as the
first Catholic college in this
country, an aim achieved in
1789. It reflects the great spir
it of tolerance that has flour
ished at Georgetown since that
day, and it draws attention to
the importance which has al
ways been attached to religious
instruction in th*- United
States.
The year that Georgetown
was founded, 1789, also saw the
inauguration of George Wash
ington as the first President of
the United States. The same
year saw' Father John Carroll,
founder of Georgetown, named
as thr first American Catholic
Bishop. The Society of Jesus
Was suppressed at the time
Georgetown was founded, hut
Father Carroll had been a Jes
uit and he entrusted the new
school to the Society of Jesus
as soon as its members were
able to come together again, in
MARY SYNON
by MARY SYNON
During the next few uceks,
while Msgr. George G. Higgins
meets with Catholic social ac
tion groups in Mexico, Miss
Synon is serving as "guest"
columnist.
A new book from Boston is
causing wider discussions than
any of the books banned by
the censors of that city. For in
his novel. "The Last Hurrah,”
Edwin O’Connor has painted a
panorama of an Irish Cath
olic’s domination of the poli
tics of a great American city.
Although that unidentified city
is very apparently Boston, the
condition depicted has existed
elsewhere and has sometimes
created a difficult problem for
the Church in the United'
States.
The situation in the O'Con
nor book is motivated by an
emotion deeper than one man’s
greed. Skeffington, the long
powerful boss of his city, has
gained and held his power
largely because he sympatheti
cally understands and cleverly
capitalizes the resentment of
his constituents against the
anli-lrish and anti-Calholic at
titude of former social and
economic leaders. Though
Skeffington remains a nominal
Catholic, his code is not based
on Catholic concepts of good
citizenship.
The menace of his power is
best stated by another Irish
Catholic in the nook when he
says, “Skeffington's crime is
not what people think it is. It
is not simply that he has let
down the community. Oh. hr'a
done that, all right, hut in my
humble opinion he's done much
Time to Awake!
.1
Tolerance at Georgetown U.
the early 1800’s.
Bishop Carroll and Washing
ton were friends. Washington,
and Lafayette, too, visited
Georgetown College. Congress
selected Bishop Carroll to give
the eulogy ol George Washing
ton on the February 22 follow
ing the death of the first
President.
The then existing States were
still ratifying the Constitution
of the United States in 1789,
but the ninth state, the last
required tor its establishment,
had ratified in 1788. The Fed
eral Congress of the new Gov
ernment granted Georgetown
College a charter which Presi
dent Madison signed on March
1. 1815. This is believed to have
been the first grant of a uni
versity charter by the Federal
Government.
At the commencement exer
cises of Georgetown University
held in June, 1955, Robert Mur
phy, Deputy Undersecretary of
State, told a large audience
that tolerance flourished at
Georgetown even before it be
came the Constitutional right
of the people as a whole.
This is borne out by the 1786
prospectus, to which attention
has recently been directed
here.
The intention of Bishop Car­
For God and Gauntry
worse than that. He has let
down his community, yes, but
first and foremost he has let
down his inheritance, his
people and his religion. That’s
what he has done, and that is
his crime. It’s what he’ll have
to answer to his Maker for!”
Teaching by Example
All political reporters know
venal public officials are
bribed by representatives of
powerful organizations. This
does not lesson the crime. The
political boss who sells out his
bailiwick is no less criminal
than the bank robber or the
highwayman and. as his fic
tional critic has said of the
fictional Skeffington, if he is
a Catholic he has committed a
crime against his religion.
For the Catholic Church in
the United States has not only
taught but has emphasized the
teaching of good citizenship.
She has done this by example
as well as by precept. The Car
rolls. Gaston, Taney. White
and Benson head a long and
distinguished roll of Catholic
citizens who hase served our
country as a service to God.
What is the basis of the
idea of citizenship which has
animated both groat and hum
ble Catholics in their service?
Mind of th« Church
The Catechism of Christian
Doctrine, used for the instruc
tion of Catholic children in
the United States, establishes
it: “A citizen must love his
country, he sincerely interest
ed in its welfare, and obey its
lawful authority." These words
express (hr mind nf the Church
in reference to the obligations
of citizenship.
roll in founding Georgetown
(which takes its name from its
location. “George Towne, Poto
moc River, Maryland”) was, it
has been stated, to establish a
specifically Catholic institution,
for the education of youth, and
as a seedbed (or Future Catho
lic clergymen. Al the same
time, it was his desire that
“the Benefit of this Establish
ment should be as general as
the attainment of its object is
desirable.”
He put the tollowing para
graph in the prospectus:
“Agreeably to the Liberal
principle of the Constitution,
the College will be open to
Students of every religious Pro
fession. They who, in this re
spect, differ from the Super
intendent of the Academy, will
be at liberty to frequent the
places of Worship and Instruc
tion appointed by their par
ents but with Respect to their
moral Conduct, all must be sub
ject to general and uniform
Discipline.”
Today, it is estimated that
of the some 5,(MM) students
registered in the various
schools of Georgetown Univer
sity, one-fourth are adherents
of other than the Catholic
faith.
The Catechism goes on to
sa\ that a citizen shows a sin
cere interest in his country’s
welfare by voting honestly and
without selfish motives, by
paying just taxes, and, when
necessary, defending his coun
try’s rights. He must obey the
lawful authority of his govern
ment because that authority
comes from God.
Every Cathohc who has had
any kind of Catholic training
knows all this, and a great
deal more. Knowledge, hou'
ever, is definitely not virtue.
Civic education is not acquired
by listening or even by read
ing. Discussion may clarify an
issue hut it does not translate
it into dynamic action. Educa
tion of citizenship is acquired
by living the life of a citizen.
“We must leann by doing,”
wrote Msgr. George Johnson.
And in working out the educa
tional plan of the Commission
on American Citizenship, he
translated the Catholic creed
of citizenship into a road map
of action that is helping to
strengthen Catholic doctrine.
From the first grade through
the eighth of the Catholic ele
mentary school, this map indi
cates the development of the
understandings attitudes and
habits necessary for the prac
tice of good citizenship. For
Christian Social Living, citi
zenship means more than re
lationship between the indivi
dual and the State. It means
his relationship to his fellow
citizens. In this educational
plan he is taught not only his
rights and his obligations, but
how to use thr first and prac
tice the second.
Inquiry Corner
-------------------Father Healey--------------------
Q. A friend of mine writes
that the true spirit of Jesus
would demand a spirit of char
ity and meekness which he
fails io see in church members.
He advocates pacifism and
argues that all who do not fail
in the Christian spirit.
A. Charity means love and
love of God is the first and
greatest commandment. That
commandment includes obedi
ence to ALL of God’s com
mands: “If you love me, keep
my commandments.” (John 14:
15) Your zealous friend, while
advocating charity is guilty of
rash judgment in summarizing
the charity and meekness of
church members. Apparently
he has concentrated on the
weak members and the weak
ness of all members without
recognizing that Christ came,
as He Himself said, “For I have
come to call sinners, not the
just.” (Matthew 9:13) As for
obedience to God’s commands
this man’s rejection of Christ’s
desire fbr “one fold and one
shepherd" and of His many
statements empowering the
Apostles to speak for Him (“He
who hears you. hears me and
he who rejects you. rejects
me" (Luke 10:16) shows that he
is in no position to criticize
anyone in the mattei of love
of God. Pacifism is admirable
in intention when practiced out
of charity, as it has always
been by priests and religious
of the Catholic Church, but it
could be a grave sin for those
who have responsibilities such
as those of the father of a fam
ily not to defend that family
against aggression. In essence
a just war is such *. defense of
the families of the nation.
Peace is the constant goal of
the Catholic Church but not “at
any price”.
Q. Should a Catholic be
buried in the section of the
cemetery provided for mixed
marriages? Should a Protestant
be buried there after Protest
ant services have been held for
him?
A. The section that is not
consecrated is usually set aside
for infants who die without
baptism and for non-Catholic
members of mixed marriages.
“Besides the blessed cemetery
there should be, if possible,
a separate w’ell-erclosed and
guarded place for the inter­
JOHN C. O'RRIEN
One Way Out
For the two major political
paries and the presidential
candidates, no issue in the
forthcoming campaign is likely
to prove
more vexa
i u s than
racial inte
gration.
Not .since yw 4
the e
Scott decision
drama z
S ii e ni e
jgEfR
Court deci
sion unleashed more divisive
passions than the decision
calling for an end to segrega
tion of the races in the public
schools.
It is clear by now, of course,
that the court’s decision did
not solve- the problem. The
question of implementation of
the decision remains. On- this
neither party can afford to he
silent. When they meet this
summer to draft a platform and
select a candidate, the poli
ticians of both parties must
take a position.
No Easy Task
Needless to say. neither par
ty will find the writing of a
segregation plank an easy task.
Not since repeal of the prohi
bition amendment was an issue
have the platform writers had
to deal with more violently
explosive and antagonistic pres
sures.
On the one side, they will
be beset by groups who de
mand nothing less than a forth
right pledge to bring about im
mediate implementation of the
court’s decision in all parts of
the country. This is the posi
tion of the Negro leaders, the
spokesmen for organized labor,
and many of the liberals.
On the other side arc arrayed
the white leaders of the South,
who seem resolutely determin
ed to block integration at all
costs. Already Southern oppo
sition has ranged all the way
from highly legalistic “inter
position” (virtual nullification
of the court’s decision) to di
rect mob action driving the
first Negro student admitted to
the University of Alabama
from the campus.
Statesmanship—S O SI
Obviously, the charting of a
wise course in the crisis pre
cipitated by the ban on segre
gation calls for statesmanship
of the highest order. A course
dictated by political expediency
or demagogy could be disast
rous. It might even lead to a
state of national disunity such
as the country has not seen
since Reconstruction days.
We .•ust hope that wise
heads will prevail, but, poli
ticians being what they arc,
we cannot be sure that they
will. When rival parties are
seeking votes, they are prone
to look for the solution to
e
controversial, issue that they
ment of those to whom eccleii-
iastical burial is denied.” Can
on No. 1212) This canon would
imply that Catholics should not
be buried there, but sometimes
it is done so that the man and
wife may be buried together.
There would seem to he no rea
son why the non-Catholic part
ner in a mixed marriage who
is buried in -such a section
should not have the church ser
vices of his religion,
Q. Could you tell me some
thing about the saint or saints
named Wilfrid?
A. There are several. St. Wil
fred, martyr, was an English
missionary to Sweden, who
died there for the Faith in
1029. Another Englishman ig
noted only as St. Wilfrid. Arch-'
bishop of York, whose feast'
day is April 24. He died in 709
A.D. A later St. Wilfrid, Bishop
of York, has a feast day on
April 29. and he is known ag
St Wilfrid, the Younger. Hg
died about 744 A.D. His prede
cessor, St. Wilfrid of York, al
so has a feast day on October
12. He had been a monk at
Lindisfarne and after years of
trial which included exile and
persecution he turned his at
tention to missionary work in
Holland and finally to special
care of the monasteries he had
founded.
Q. When is the world going
to conic to an end?
A. In St. Matthew's Gospel
we have Christ’s statement that
“of that day and hour no one
knows, not even the angels of
heaven.” (Matthew- 24:36) While
He did indicate some of the
signs when He said: “For false
christs and false prophets will
arise But immediately af
ter the tribulation of those days
the siu will he darkened, and
the moon will not give her
light, and the stars will fall
from heaven, and the powers of
heaven will be shaken” (Mat
thew 24:24-30). There are addi
tional prophecies in the Apoca
lypse (6:12-17: 20:1-10) but for
each of us the important thing
is expressed in the words of
Christ: “Watch, therefore, for
you do not know at what hour
your Ixird is to come.” (Mat
thew 24:42)
Send questions to Father Ed
ward F. Healey, Inquiry Cor
ner, The Catholic Times. Bot
636. Columbus (16) Ohio.
believe will enhance their
chance of victory.
At stake in the North are the
votes of millions of Negroes,
who, in many industrial states,
may be said to hold the bal
ance of power.
Also at stake are the votes
of the Southern states, tradi
tionally Democratic but Ips«
stable in their party affiliation
than they w'ere before Presi
dent Eisenhower broke through
the Mason and Dixon line in
1952.
Grave Dilemma
For success in November the
Democrats need the votes of
both factions—the advocates of
immediate enforcement of the
antisegregation decision, as
well as the Southern states
which are violently opposed tft
it. i
But, if the Northern indus
trial states are necessary for
Democratic victory next fall,
they are scarcely less neces
sary tor a Republican triumph.
The Republicans do not need
the support of the Southern
states. Rather they are pinning
their hopes on holding the farm
states and most of the populous
Northern states, where th*
Negro vote is such an import
ant factor.
One way out for both parties
would be to eliminate segre
gation from the campaign al
together. And this is precisely
what Adlai E. Stevenson, th*
front-running candidate for
the Democratic Presidential
nomination, has proposed.
Stevenson has roundly con
demned segregation in th*
public schools. He has taken
the position that the decision
of the Supreme Court should
not be flouted. But. keenly
aware of the inflammable sit
uation in the South, he has
warned against extreme mea.
sures to force Southern com
pliance. The use of force, h*
said recently, could bring th*
country to the brink of an
other civil war.
If it should turn out* that
Stevenson and President Eisen
hower are the candidates of
their respective parties, the
chances are that there would
be no sharfi cleavage between
the two parties on the segrega
tion issue. Mr. Eisenhower, in'
recent news conferences, has
taken a position roughly par
allel to that of the Democratic
standard bbarer in 1952.
Unquestionably, removal nf
the segregation issue from th*
campaign would ease the rapid
ly mounting tension betweeg
the factions arraigned on either
side of the question. That
wold seem to be the states*
manlike thing to do. But if the
politi.al strategists prevail, if
as the campaign warms up the
two parties start out promising
nnp thing or another to win
votes, an ugly situation could
result.

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