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A Good Catholic
Is a Well. Informed Catholic Vol. V, No. 29 In New York, Bishop William A. Scully of Albany, asserted ♦hat private agencies are the pioneers in social welfare in the United States, but in recent years their leadership has been challenged and in some instan ces their existence imperiled. Monsignor O’Grady testified on two bills related to the social sb- Indult Granted For St. Joseph Mass, Labor Dav WASHINGTON (NC) The Holy See has granted an indult permitting the Mass appointed to he said on the Feast of St. Joseph the Worker to be used in the 1 nited States on the first Mon day of September. Labor Day. The Mass for the Feast of St. Joseph the Worker is generally appointed to be said on May First, or May Day. However, at their annual general meeting last November, the American arch bishops and bishops voted unani mously to ask the Vatican to per mit the Mass to be used in the United States and its territories on Labor Day. In their petition, the bishops pointed out that, in this country, traditionally and by governmental proclamation, the day dedicated tn the recognition of the working people has heen the first Monday of September. 2 Prelates Cite Dangers To Catholic Charity Work House Measures Assailed “Bureaucratic control” which could drive many volunteer religious agencies out of charity work was scored this week by two prominent Catholic leaders. Monsignor John J. O'Grady, secretary of the National Conference of Catholic Chari ties, informed the House Ways and Means Committee in Washington that two hills pend ing in Congress “would virtually Wipe our institutions out of exist ence in some states. ci.rity program, the Child Health and Welfare Amendments of 1956, and the Public Assistance Amendments of 1956. The two measures, he con tended, would alter charity work patterns by their provi sions for allotment of federal funds to the States on a match ing basis. States would qualify only after they had a state-wide program of public charity in operation. Monsignor O’Grady said such a provision would inevitably see government taking a much larg er role in charity work and re sult in a weakening of the work of volunteer, religious agencies. This would injure the pattern built up over many years that private agencies carry on a com munity's basic social service pro gram, he said. AVgr. O'Grady said that in re gard to care of children in insti tutions, these youngsters are be inr taken care of fairly ade quately by existing voluntary agencies and by contracts for service between these agencies and local governments. Eighty-five per cent of the funds in the pending child wel fare legislation would be allotted for carrying on programs that al ready exist, he asserted. Msgr. O’Grady said that relig ious agencies in many states would be closed by the provision of the bills that the state would get funds to establish its own charity institutions. Too Much Winking At Labor Rackets Monsigner George G. Higgins (Director of Social Action Dept., N.C.W.C.) “Whom the gods would destroy they first make mad.” The labor racketeers who are thought to have been responsible for the vicious attack on New York labor re porter and columnist, Victor Riesel, are another proof of the wisdom of this ancient adage. If this crime was really of their making, they are their own worst enemies. In the twinkling of an eyelash—in the flicking of the hired hand that splashed a bottle of sulphuric acid into Mr. Riesel’s eyes at 3 o’clock in e morning on April 5— they did more to arouse pub lic opinion against them selves and, ul i nrn tely, to seal their own doom, than their unfortunate vic tim could have done in literally hundreds of columns and speech es during the past or 15 years. Fron one point of view, therefore, the sheer stupidity, ♦he very madness of these criminals may prove to have been a blessing in disguise. As a personal friend of Victor Rie sel, we sincerely hope and pray ♦hat his recovery from their vi cious attack will be speedy and complete. God forbid that he should lose his eyesight at the Cathedral. Stephen. hands of such despicable rack eteers who, in addition to all their other crimes are guilty of masquerading in sheer hypocri sy as legitimate representatives of th* labor movement. Solution Not Simple But even if Mr. Riesel, in the mysterious Providence of God. should have to pay the price of blindness for his journalistic courage, his sacrifice will not have been in vain. His personal misfortune—so tragic in its im plications for himself and his family—cannot help but promote the cause of public decency to which he has devoted his talents, however sensationally, for so many years. It will inevitably serve to dramatize the problem of labor racketeering and, to some extent at least, probably help to solve the problem. It should be kept in mind, however, that the solution to the problem of labor racketeering is anything but simple. Certainly it (Continued on page 4) Spring Confirmation Schedule Bishop Ready Thursday, April 26th, 7:30 p.m.—Grove City, Our Lody of Per petual Help. Sunday, May 6th, 7:30 p. m.—Portsmouth Saint Mary. Monday, May 7th, 7:30 p. m.—Portsmouth, Holy Redeemer. Thursday, May -10th, 3:00 p. m. Columbus, Saint Joseph Sunday, May 20th, 3:00 p. m.—Columbus Saint Joseph Cathedral— Adult. Tuesday, May 22nd, 7:30 p. m.—Chillicothe, Saint Petor. Thursday, May 24th, 7:30 p. m.—Chillicothe Saint Mary.. Sunday, May 27th, 7:30 p. m.—Columbus Saint Agnes. Bishop Hettinger Sunday, April 29th, 3:00 p. m.—Columbus, Saint Loo. Sunday, May 6th, 7:30 p. m.—Lancaster, Saint Mary. Tuesday, *May 8th, 7:30 p. m.—Columbus, Corpus Christi. Sunday, May 13th, following the 9:30 man Bolivar Sunday, May 13th, 3:00 p. m.—Strasburg, Ssint Aloysius. Sundsy, May 13th, 7:30 p. m.—Dover, Saint Joseph. Monday, May 14th, 4:00 p. m.—Mineral City, Saint Patrick. Monday, May 14th, 7:30 p. m.—Denniston, Immaculate Conception. Tuesday, May 15th, 4:00 p. m.—-Ro-well, Saint Elizabeth. Tuesday, May 15th, 7:30 p. m.—New Philadelphia, Sacred Heart. Tuesday, May 22nd, 7:30 p. m.—Columbus, Saint Augustine. Thursday, May 24th, 7:30 p. m.—Columbus, Holy Name. Sunday, May 27th, 3:00 p. m.—Columbus, Saint Gabriel. Sunday, May 27th, 7:30 p. m.—Columbus, Holy Spirit. In some states, he said, there is great hesitancy to use state funds to purchase services of religious agencies. At present, local funds are used, he said, but when the state take* over in this area, many religious in stitutions would be ruled out. Thi* would happen immediate ly in Pennsylvania, he said. Msgr. O’Grady said that de srite increasing programs of gov ernmental child welfare, private agencies have continued to ex pand. He predicted this would ontinue. if the groups are given “a fair opportunity." He said the provision in the original child welfare bill pass ed in 1935 was that th* gov ernment would strengthen serv- (ContinuecLon Page 2) npi stead they are forced into re tirement in monasteries or sub jected to virtual house arrest in small villages. In no case ha* one of the als, archbishops been allowed to i statement to his outside world. N/3PA3SR DIVISION Reds Tree’ Bishops, ta i. ‘freed" cardin i or bishops make a public people or the camp to power assault on the Since the Reds and began their Church nearly 40 years ago. close to 200 heads of Catholic Sees in the communist world have been killed, jailed, expelled or other wise barred from exercising their episcopal functions. A compara tively small number of prelates have allegedly been "freed” since the death of Stalin in 1953. But the whereabouts of most have been kept in such obscurity that they have been the constant and often rumors. subject of conflicting a few bi the Soviet Th* "release" of shops from jail in satellites follows in general the pattern set by Tito's Yugoslav ia when it "released" His Em inence Aloysius Cardinal Step inac, Archbishop of Zagreb, in 1951. The Cardinal has since been confined to his native vil- Critics For inn lain* Father Theall The Chicago-born priest earned a bachelor of arts degree at St. Mary’s College, Winona, Minn., and a bachelor of science degree from Catholic University. Father Theall he* reviewed books for America, The Cath olic World, Commonweal and the Washington Post. He is ed itor of the Literature Section of the annual Catholic Book list, sponsored by the Catholic Library Association. Paul Jacobs, lay chairman of the program, will conduct the question and answer period which will follow the talk. Chairman of the reception fol lowing the address will be Mrs. Joseph Brosmer. She will be as sisted by Mrs. Patrick West. Mrs. (Joseph Tritschler, Mrs. Richard The vatnolic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, I riday, April 20, 1956 Retreat Is Set At Shrine for 32 Priests Thirty-two priests will take part in a retreat to be con ducted at Shrine of the Little Flower beginning Apr. 23. The exercises will begin at 6:00 p.m. Monday and will close Thursday evening fol lowing dinner. .'ather S.W. Oberhause'r, C.PP. S. Provincial Blood Fathers, Retreat. of the Precious will conduct the take part in the Scheduled to spiritual exercises are Monsig nors Frederick Burkhart. Joseph Casey, Joseph McGlynn, Harold O'Donnell and William Robben: Fathers John Byrne. Patrick Byrne. George Buchmann, Ray mond Carter. Ralph Dermody, Richard Dodd. Eugene Dunn. Lin us Dury. Leonard Falvey. Arnold Favret, Colby Grimes, Joseph Hakel. James Hanley. Andrew Hol.man Edward Hudacek. James Kulp. Chester LeBlanc. William Ma loney, William McEwan. William O'Brian, William Patterson. Ra phael Rodgers. Hubert Rubeck. Robert Schmidt John Simon. Loo Sullivan and Arthur Zuber. rthem ri lhen Detain Sly Propaganda Move (N.C.W.C. New* Service) The communists' current extravaganza which includ es the vigorous denunciation of the brutal Stalin is a good play Io the gallery and superior propaganda. But such excellent show business does not cover up the fact that the basic right to freedom of religion is not even given lip service by the smiling Russians. Part of the Reds' act has been the “release” of a number of Catholic bishops who had been imprisoned in communist jails. But the story is always the same. The "freed" prelates are giv- lag* of Krasic and deprived of contact with his people. The first of the so-called “re leases” came itself shortly in the Soviet I nion after Stalin s death, radio broadcast in of 1953 said that Joseph Slipy, Ru- A Soviet the spring Archbishop thenian Rite Ordinary of Lvov, had been freed from prison. Nevertheless he has been for bidden to resume his duties, or to return to his See. His where abouts are unkown. Among the satellites, the case of His Eminence Joseph Cardinal Mindszcnty, Primate of Hungary, is typical. The Cardinal-Arch bishop of Esztergom was sentenc ed to life imprisonment at his spectacularly staged trial of 1949. In July of last year the Hun garian Minister of Justice an nounced that because of "his age| and state of health.' Mindszenty suspension fence.” He house in a Cardinal had been given “a of his prison sen is now confined to a remote forest village. Another Archbishop jailed by Red Hungary end now "re leased" is Archbishop Josef Groesz of Kalocsa, who was sentenced to a 15-year prison term in 1951. The Budaoest ra dio announced last October that further imprisonment of the Archbishop was being "ad journed" and that he was to "live in a church building des (Continued on Page 2) of (Catholic U Will Review ‘Quiet American Father D. Bernard Theall, O.S.B a member of the De partment of Library Science at Catholic University in Wash ington, D.C.. will be the featured speaker Apr. 26 at the Critics Forum. Father Theall will review “The Quiet American” by Graham Greene. The talk is scheduled at 815 p.i.i. in the Lit tle Theater of the Columbus Gal lery of Fine Arts. Bern- McGinnis, Mrs. Richard hard, Mrs. Gerard Mary Martha Sliter Florine Bernhard. Beery, chairman of hostesses, will be assisted by Mrs. Otto Schodorf, Mrs. Frank Ra cher. Mrs. George Rieser and Mrs. John Kammerstein, all members Berry, jr., and Miss Mrs. Ray the junior of the International Federation of Catholic Alumnae. The forum is open to the pub lic. Tickets may be obtained from Fr. D. Bernard Theall any I.F.C.A. member, the Ca thedral Book Shop, 205 E. Broad St and the McClelland Book Store, 100 N. High St. Final Plans Readied For DCCW Meeting Representatives of the 113 affiliations of the Columbus Diocesan Council of Catholic Women will attend the eleventh annual Spring Conference, to be held in New Philadelphia. Sunday, Apr. 29. Murrav Cites The Conference will convene in the New Philadelphia Public High School auditorium. 315 Fourth Street. N.W.. at 2 p.m. Mrs. Charles Blakely, president of Sacred Heart Parish Council, is the general chairman. The meeting will close with Pontifical Benediction offered by Bishop Ready in Sacred Heart Church. Following the opening prayer, to be delivered by Father Am brose u. Freund, V.F pastor of Sacred Heart Church and Dean ot the Northern Deanery, a wel come will be extended by the president of the Northern Dean ery, Mrs. Charles M. Bell of Co shocton. Mrs. Frank H. Vogel, president of the Columbus Diocesan Coun cil of Catholic Women, who will preside at the Conference, will respond to the welcome. Following the roll call of or ganizations by Miss Jean Fondri cst of Dover, secretary of the Co lumbus Diocesan Council, a mes sage will be given by the Dioces an chairmen of the four new standing committees of the Conn cil. Mrs. William F. Ryan will report on Family Life. Miss Mar ion Swickard on Organization and Development, Mrs. Michael Ryan. Jr., on Civil Defense and Miss Mary Martha Sliter on lie Relations. Moral Aspect Of Atoni War WASHINGTON (NC) Moral aspects of atomic war fare were emphasized by U.S. I Atomic Energy Commissioner Thomas E. Murray here in ad- vocating “rational nuclear armament.*’ The Commissioner, a Cath olic. told a Senate Foreign Re lations subcommittee that de cisions regarding the size and type of nuclear weapons to be stockpiled should be made in the light of two principles. "There is a military principle.’’ Murray said, “that the weapons we manufacture should be de monstrably useful for the purpos es of actual war. And there is the higher principle that the use of force in warfare is subject to the dictates of the moral con science. "Th* moral norm is the more important," he declared. “There is something in the at mosphere of the age of violence through which we have lived, in deed in which we are still living,” Murray continued, “that tends to dull the moral responsibilities. In a strange way the sheer bril liance of our technical achieve ments with nuclear weapons also tends to dull the moral sense. It is therefore necessary constantly to remind ourselves that a con cern for justice in the use of force is an obligation of a ized nation.” School Tax Support System Serves to Deny Benefits to Many Students, Prelate Says University, will talk on 'The The ology of Marriage. The theme of the Conference is Family Life. Mr*. Anthony Nemetz of Ho ly Name parish, Columbus, will give a short talk on "The Debt of the Catholic Family to Ouad ragesimo Anno." Thi* year marks the Twenty-Fifth Anni versary of the Proclamation of the Encyclical Letter "Quadra gesimo Anno" by Pope Pius XI. Pub- Mr*. Charles Blakely OP.. The Father Michael J. Faraon, Ph D., S.T.Lr., professot of ology and Philosophy at Xavier This Encyclical treats of the construction of th* social der. Following the formal program, the Board of Directors of the (Continued on Page 2) St. Louis and Ohio State ization's action in censuring Father Paul C. Reinert, sociation of University Professors was “misguided” in its findings in censure of the school lor the “violation of princples of academ ic freedom and tenure.” The Board of Trutees of Ohio State, meanwhile, reaffirmed its decision to dismiss Dr. Byron Darling, and also rejected the censure. Dr Darling was dismiss ed in 1952 after he had invoked the first and fifth amendments when questioned earlier that year by the House Un-American Ac tivities Committee about alleged Communist connections. In St. Louis, the Jesuit uni versity was censured for the dismissal in August, 1954, of Dr. Philip A. Tumulty, head of the school's internal medicine department. Father Reinert said the "simple fact” is that the university was faced with the loss of its teach ing hospital if Doctor Tumulty were retained as director of the department of internal medicine “Sino0 the very existence of the School of Medicine was at stake, there was no alternative to the course of action taken.” the priest added. "Th* university believes that the committee* that investigat- civil- lim- Murray proposed that a it should be placed on the of thermonuclear bombs to be placed in our stocknile that a limit be placed on th* number of large thermonuclear bombs to be olaced in stockpile and that increasing conc*ntration be set on the stockpiling of a wide ranae of very small nucle ar weapons. The testing of small weapons, he continued, should be greatly accelerated "to keen pace with the inten sified program that is neces sary in thi* field," but "that th* test* of multimegaton ther monuclear weapons should be stop '*d. “As a nation ‘under God.’” continued Murray, “we are oblig ed to act under the limitations of the moral law. The imperatives ot this higher law hind us to a due measure of moderation and discrimination in the use of force. Within the Christian tradition to which we owe our national ori gins the duty of setting tions in war and on the force in war has heen a nized moral obligation.” 2 Priests Named To Episcopate limits use of recog- points in the Archbish Other ops speech, entitled A National Educational Policy as seen from a Catholic Viewpoint, included 1) Parents have an inherent right to direct the education of their children and the state has the duty to assist them in this. 2) The state has a duty to make health and safety servic es available in an equal basis to all children. These services include such items as bus rides and health programs. 3) Federal aid for school con struction should be given only in cases of proven need and should eliminate inadequacies of educa tional opportunity rather than standardize education. 4) Released time religious edu cation programs on publie school premises should be granted par ents who wish to utilize their right to have such programs 5) Public schools, through courses of studie*. text* and teacher attitudes, should encour age respect for religion and spir itual values. 6) Contrary to some impres sions. there is no ill will from Catholics toward public schools. Such an attitude by Catholics would be extremely shortsight ed.” In reference to the question of private and chur h-r e I a e schools sharing in tax funds, the Archbishop said that because they cannot share, a common ef fort to improve education interest of ed. pro the Music for the afternoon's gram will be Girls’ Choral Mary's School, ception parish, presented by Group of Saint Immaculate Con Dennison. Remember Your Easter Duty in the retard all children is their obstacles to he added that principles of justice Noting sharing, least the Price Ton Cents, $3.00 A Year CINCINNATI, O. (NC) The Archbishop of Cin cinnati said here that today's system of tax support for schools leaves a large group of children “deprived of the educational benefits created by our common tax contribu tion.” Archbishop Karl J. Alter declared the children are those whose parents elect to use their constitutional right of religious freedom by ending the young sters to church-related schools. But to correct the situation in which private schools do not share in public support will be difficult because ol “legal and historic op told here. obstacle's the Archbish the Medievalis Society can bo frankly acknowledged, even if their implementation may require further study and the gradual adoption of such modification as experi e n e, good will and the American sense of fair play may ap prove." Claims made for public support by some spokesmen for private schools are not directly based on any rights of the school as such, but on the inherent right of par ents to direct their children’s ed ucation, he observed o----------------- Ohio Daily Paper Cites Value of Catholic Schools SPRINGFIELD. 0. (NC) Parochial schools serve society as vitally as public schools, a daily paper here declared. Commenting on the current campaign for funds to build a central Catholic high school. The Springfield Sun said that when Catholics develop their schools “they are expanding and strength ening the educational assets nf the whole community.” Pointing out that 2,200 boys and girls are enrolled in the parochial schools of Springfield, the pacer declared: "If the pub lic school system had to accom modate these thousands qf pu pils in addition to the thousands they already accommodate, that system would cost tax payers considerably more than it does already." “Our Roman Catholic citizens." the paper added, “take the bur den upon themselves, while pay ing the same taxes as everybody else, because they want to and not because they have to. Yet this in no wav diminishes the im irtance of their double contri bution to the social fabric and cultural assets of Springfield and Ciark County IL, O.S.LL Reject St. Louis Censure of AAUP Officials Universities have objected strenuously to an education organ them for dismissing staff members. S.J., president of St. Louis University, said the American As- ed th* dispute and wrote th* report which served as a basis for AALD censure mad* a ser ious and honest effort to get the facts," said Father Reinert. "However/' h* continued, "be cause of the necessarily limited time at their disposal and their lack of acquaintance with the operation of the School of Medi cine, it was impossible for them to come to a full understand in», of the problem. Father Reinert said it is "im I WASHINGTON (NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII has rais ed two American priests to the episcopate. Msgr. Thomas E. Gill, pastor of St. James Cathedral. Seattle. Wash., was named Titular Bishop of Lambaesis and Auxiliary to Archbishop Thomas A. Connolly of Seattle. Father Richard Henry Acker num. C.S.Sn.. national director of the Pontifical Association of the Holy Childhood, was named Titu lar Bishon of Lares and Auxiliary to Bishon Charle* Francis Buddy of San Diego, California. possible to recreate the charged emotional environment sur rounding the events preceding the dismissal of Dr. Tumulty." But it was this “tension and bit terness,” said the priest, that “made a hearing of no value and would undoubtedly result in in jury to both sides.” ‘Thi. is why,” he added, “the university did not instigate a hearing. It might also explain why Dr Tumulty did not request one Pope Receives UN Secretary A special 20-minut* audience was granted to Unitod Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold by His Holiness Pope Pius XII at Vatican City. The Pontiff expressed the hope that the U. N. official would succeed in his peace mission to the Middle East, by ending the dangerous tensions between Arab Nations and Israel. Mr. Hammarskjold was scheduled to set up headquarters in Beirut, Lebanon.